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Aterosclerosis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24776417/esc-eas-guidelines-for-the-management-of-dyslipidaemias
#1
Zeljko Reiner, Alberico L Catapano, Guy De Backer, Ian Graham, Marja-Riitta Taskinen, Olov Wiklund, Stefan Agewall, Eduardo Alegría, M John Chapman, Paul Durrington, Serap Erdine, Julian Halcox, Richard Hobbs, John Kjekshus, Pasquale Perrone Filardi, Gabriele Riccardi, Robert F Storey, David Wood
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2011: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23485183/a-campaign-for-information-and-diagnosis-of-atrial-fibrillation-pulse-week
#2
Marcelo Sanmartín, Francisco Fraguela Fraga, Angel Martín-Santos, Pilar Moix Blázquez, Alba García-Ruiz, María Vázquez-Caamaño, Manuel Vilar
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Atrial fibrillation occurs in 5%-15% of elderly patients and causes one-fourth to one-fifth of all cerebrovascular events. These patients are frequently asymptomatic. We conducted a public campaign aiming to evaluate the effectiveness of a program for information on and diagnosis of atrial fibrillation in individuals aged 65 years old or more from the primary care perspective. METHODS: We sent letters containing informative materials and an invitation to attend a special nurse appointment to all individuals≥65 years old, without a previous diagnosis of atrial fibrillation or flutter...
January 2013: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22964060/a-campaign-for-information-and-diagnosis-of-atrial-fibrillation-pulse-week
#3
Marcelo Sanmartín, Francisco Fraguela Fraga, Angel Martín-Santos, Pilar Moix Blázquez, Alba García-Ruiz, María Vázquez-Caamaño, Manuel Vilar
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Atrial fibrillation occurs in 5%-15% of elderly patients and causes one-fourth to one-fifth of all cerebrovascular events. These patients are frequently asymptomatic. We conducted a public campaign aiming to evaluate the effectiveness of a program for information on and diagnosis of atrial fibrillation in individuals aged 65 years old or more from the primary care perspective. METHODS: We sent letters containing informative materials and an invitation to attend a special nurse appointment to all individuals≥65 years old, without a previous diagnosis of atrial fibrillation or flutter...
January 2013: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21130994/strong-association-of-the-apoa5-1131t-c-gene-variant-and-early-onset-acute-myocardial-infarction
#4
Raffaele De Caterina, Philippa J Talmud, Piera Angelica Merlini, Luisa Foco, Roberta Pastorino, David Altshuler, Francesco Mauri, Flora Peyvandi, Daniela Lina, Sekar Kathiresan, Luisa Bernardinelli, Diego Ardissino
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies support the role for a strong genetic component in the occurrence of early-onset myocardial infarction (MI), although the specific genetic variants responsible for familial clustering remain largely unknown. METHODS: The Italian study of early-onset MI is a nationwide case-control study involving 1864 case patients <45 years old who were hospitalized for a first MI, and age/sex/place of origin-matched controls (n = 1864). We investigated the association between early-onset MI, lipid levels and 20 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the candidate genes ADIPOQ, APOA5, ALOX5AP, CYBA, IL6, LPL, PECAM1, PLA2G2A and PLA2G7, chosen because of previously reported associations with Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) or with CHD risk factors...
February 2011: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18577962/-prevalence-and-influence-of-risk-factors-on-coronary-shunting-operations-in-patients-with-aterosclerosis-of-abdominal-aorta-and-peripheral-vessels
#5
COMPARATIVE STUDY
B A Konstantinov, V V Bazylev, Iu V Belov, A G Kizyma
Retrospective study analysis concerning the prevalence of risk factors for unfavorable outcomes after coronary operations in patients with peripheral arterial atherosclerosis is presented. Meta-analysis of individual risk factors was carried out. Frequency of complications after coronary shunting in patients with various concomitant diseases is evaluated. The multifactorial relative risk affecting hospital lethality is defined. The study includes 131 patients with generalized atherosclerosis, which have underwent myocardial revascularization at the first stage (the main group) and at the second stage have been operated on abdominal aorta and peripheral arteries...
2008: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17419308/-osteoporosis-and-aterosclerosis-is-there-any-pathogenetic-association
#6
REVIEW
I Zofková
Fundamental cytokine regulating remodelation of the skeleton is receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL). RANKL is counter regulated by soluble receptor osteoprotegerin (OPG). While RANKL activates osteoclastic bone resorption, the OPG stimulates bone formation. RANKL/OPG system (TRANCE axis) is activated in favour of RANKL in estrogen deficiency, inflammation, bone malignancies and during the treatment with glucocorticoids. TRANCE axis is functional also in other tissues including vessel wall, where dysbalance with superiority of RANKL leads to atherogenesis...
2007: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15648957/-a-commentary-to-the-article-by-dvor%C3%A3-kov%C3%A3-poledne-an-ultrasensitive-c-reactive-protein-assay-a-new-parameter-of-a-cardiovascular-risk-sent-from-the-laboratory-for-aterosclerosis-investigation-at-ikem-prague
#7
EDITORIAL
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15040166/-therapeutic-use-of-acetylsalicylic-acid-in-diabetics
#8
V Zácková
Aterosclerosis is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in diabetics. Macrovascular diseases--myocardial infarction, cerebral vascular accident, ischemic lower extremities--start in persons with diabetes earlier and in a bigger scope then in non-diabetics. Development of these changes is determined by diabetic vasculopathy which is connected with endothelial dysfunction, hypercoagulation state, and platelet abnormalities. Treatment of a patient with diabetes is based on compensation of diabetes and management of hypertension and dyslipidaemia...
December 2003: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12698533/-recently-discovered-hormones-with-a-role-in-energy-homeostasis
#9
REVIEW
I Krykorková, J Nedvídková
Adipocytal hormones resistin and adiponectin and gastric peptide ghrelin are recently discovered hormones, which are considered to take part in energy metabolism regulation. Resistin is expressed in adipose tissue only and its increased levels could cause insulin resistance and thus link obesity with type 2 diabetes. Adiponectin, as well as resistin, are products of genes, expressed in adipose tissue. Adiponectin could prevent development of aterosclerosis and it could play a role in anti-inflammatory reactions...
February 2003: Casopís Lékar̆ů C̆eských
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/11571927/-regulation-of-innate-immunity-during-xenogenic-changes-in-blood-circulation
#10
V S Shevchenko
Calcium-dependent innate immune response with participation of the superfamily of immunoglobulins to several intra- and extracorporal xenobiotics were studied at 216 recipients during synthetic cardiac valves implantation or veins transplantation in coronary arteries. It was shown that immediate immune response to xenobiotics was manifested by generation of the antitissue anodical autoprecipitin with specificity to the surface cell membrane component. This reaction initiated and regulated the subsequent dynamics of the two different fibrinogen autoimmune complexes formation, resulting in development of the immunogenic damages of blood circulation...
2001: Fiziolohichnyĭ Zhurnal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/7726447/effect-of-lipid-lowering-treatment-on-progression-of-atherosclerotic-lesions-a-duplex-ultrasonographic-investigation
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
C Caruzzo, W Liboni, A Bonzano, M Bobbio, S Bongioanni, E Caruzzo, F Civaia
The Prevenzione Aterosclerosi Studio Torino (P.A.S.T.) was a prospective, randomized trial testing the effect on carotid and femoral atherosclerotic lesions of lipid-lowering therapy, as assessed by duplex scanning (DS) technique, in 85 patients (12 women, 73 men), forty-five to fifty-five years old, with ischemic heart disease (IHD), and randomly assigned to a hypolipidemic diet or diet + 250 mg acipimox (a nicotinic acid compound) two to three times/day. Forty-one patients, without inclusion criteria, were compared with the randomized groups as a reference population...
April 1995: Angiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/7159261/-locked-in-syndrome-report-of-a-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
M Farage Filho, M D Gomes
The case of a 46 year-old man who had a locked-in syndrome is reported. The patient had a haemorragic vascular accident with tetraplegia, anartria, vertical ocular movements and preservation of the consciousness. The EEG showed a projected disturbance possibly caused by a brain-stem lesion, that was confirmed by the CAT SCAN. Cerebral angiography showed high level of aterosclerosis. The lesion is located in the ventral part of the pons above the nucleus of the abducent nerve, without damaging the substantia reticularis of the mesencephalon and can be caused by thrombosis of the basilar artery and tumor, myastenia gravis, polyneurites, heroin overdose, after swine-flu inoculation and post-infectious polyneurites...
September 1982: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/6884650/-various-lipoprotein-fractions-and-their-relation-to-ischemic-heart-disease
#13
V Palazzuoli, S Mondillo, A Kristodhullu, R De Stefano, G Amatucci
In a study carried out on over 700 patients with three different manifestations of aterosclerosis (cerebrovascular, coronary and peripheral), we could not find any statistically significant difference between the total cholesterol and triglyceride concentration in these three groups. Also, there was o difference in cholesterol and triglyceride levels between these three groups and 200 normal subjects. The same held true when we compared a selected group of 76 patients with ischaemic heart disease who had no other risk factor, with a group of 80 control subjects...
1983: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/5728689/-elastase-and-the-anti-elastase-activity-of-blood-and-its-possible-relation-to-the-pathogenesis-of-aterosclerosis-elastolytic-enzymes
#14
H Cammarota, J Cuatrecasas, L Yaconis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 26, 1968: Prensa Médica Argentina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/5380888/-biochemistry-of-aterosclerosis-ix-on-the-values-of-some-special-mucoproteins-alpha-1-and-alpha-2-glycoproteins-orosomucoid-haptoglobin-ceruloplasmin-in-experimental-atheromatosis
#15
I Manta, D Bedeleanu, I Bodea, L Mureşan, R Tilinca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1969: Fiziologia Normală şi Patologică
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/1134027/-effect-of-potassium-orotate-on-the-contractile-function-of-the-myocardium-in-patients-with-coronary-aterosclerosis
#16
V V Gorbachev, G A Vecherskiĭ, L G Baranov
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1975: Klinicheskaia Meditsina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/475506/-arterosclerosis-and-its-prevention-the-problem-and-its-natural-controversy
#17
R Chávez Dominguez
It scarcely has a glimpse about the knowledge of aterosclerosis nature. About preventive recommendations, it has not yet surpassed hypothetic level, but problem is in force and requires to prove hypothetic and theoretical models that have been proposed. Everything that has been said as preventive recommendations has arisen all kind of opinions that constitute the existent controversy. Discussion is composed by the diametrically adverse points of view, in spite of that they are refered to the same data. Positive aspect that can remain is to centralize the knowledge and to comprehend best the problem nature...
May 1979: Archivos del Instituto de Cardiología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/426656/-histoautoradiographic-study-of-the-heart-in-experimental-myocardial-ischemia
#18
A N Makhova, V N Shliapnikov
Autoradiographic examinations of the heart muscle in experimental myocardial necroses using 3H-thymidine, revealed a high DNA synthesis in the connective tissue cells in the zone of necrosis in the acute period of infarction and its subsequent decrease. Deviations from this regularity were observed when relapses of necrosis developed. The activation of DNA synthesis occurred to a lesser extent in stromal cells of the periinfarction and remote zones of the heart. Muscle cells incorporated 3H-thymidine extremely rarely...
1979: Arkhiv Patologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/154880/-methods-of-the-multivariate-statistical-analysis-of-so-called-polyetiological-diseases-using-the-example-of-coronary-heart-disease
#19
REVIEW
A M Lifshits
General characteristics of the multivariate statistical analysis (MSA) is given. Methodical premises and criteria for the selection of an adequate MSA method applicable to pathoanatomic investigations of the epidemiology of multicausal diseases are presented. The experience of using MSA with computors and standard computing programs in studies of coronary arteries aterosclerosis on the materials of 2060 autopsies is described. The combined use of 4 MSA methods: sequential, correlational, regressional, and discriminant permitted to quantitate the contribution of each of the 8 examined risk factors in the development of aterosclerosis...
1979: Arkhiv Patologii
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