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Karsten Øvretveit
Øvretveit, K. Anthropometric and physiological characteristics of Brazilian jiu-jitsu athletes. J Strength Cond Res 32(4): 997-1004, 2018-The aim of this study was to describe anthropometric and physiological characteristics of Brazilian jiu-jitsu (BJJ) athletes. For this purpose, 42 male athletes were recruited from one of the largest BJJ academies in central Norway. The subjects were 32 ± 6 (SD) years old, 181.9 ± 7.2 cm tall, had a body mass (mb) of 85.7 ± 10.6 kg, and 5.5 ± 3.7 years of BJJ training experience...
April 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Oliver R Barley, Dale W Chapman, Chris R Abbiss
PURPOSE: Combat sports are typically divided into weight classes and body mass manipulation to reach a weight class is commonplace. Previous research suggests that mixed martial arts (MMA) weight loss practices may be more extreme than other combat sports. We sought to investigate the magnitude of weight lost and prevalence of weight loss strategies in different combat sports. METHODS: Competitors (n=637) from Brazilian jiu jitsu (BJJ), boxing, judo, MMA, muay Thai/kickboxing (MT/K), taekwondo (TKD) and wrestling completed an online questionnaire seeking information regarding their weight loss practices...
December 28, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
Igor Dumic, Nikola Tankosic, Milica Stojkovic Lalosevic, Tamara Alempijevic
Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) is an uncommon condition usually associated with hypercoagulable states or liver cirrhosis. PVT due to sports-related injuries is rarely reported and, to the best of our knowledge, only two cases have been reported thus far. Brazilian jiu-jitsu (BJJ) is a form of martial arts and is considered very safe with minimal risk for injury. It has growing popularity worldwide. Here, we report the first case of PVT secondary to abdominal trauma related to the practice of (BJJ) in an otherwise healthy 32-year-old man with no other traditional risk factors for PVT...
2017: Case Reports in Hepatology
C-C Hsu, C-L Lin, I-M Jou, P-H Wang, J-S Lee
OBJECTIVES: Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis, affecting approximately 15% of the human population. Recently, increased concentration of nitric oxide in serum and synovial fluid in patients with OA has been observed. However, the exact role of nitric oxide in the initiation of OA has not been elucidated. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of nitric oxide in innate immune regulation during OA initiation in rats. METHODS: Rat OA was induced by performing meniscectomy surgery while cartilage samples were collected 0, 7, and 14 days after surgery...
April 2017: Bone & Joint Research
Pedro Olavo de Paula Lima, Alane Almeida Lima, Anita Camila Sampaio Coelho, Yuri Lopes Lima, Gabriel Peixoto Leão Almeida, Márcio Almeida Bezerra, Rodrigo Ribeiro de Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ) athletes can be divided into two combat styles: pass fighters (PFs) and guard fighters (GFs). Flexibility of the posterior chain muscles is highly necessary in these athletes, especially in GFs. On the other hand, isometric strength of the trunk extensors is required in PFs. Handgrip strength is important in holding the kimono of the opponent, and symmetrical lower-limb strength is important for the prevention of injuries due to the overload caused by training...
February 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Bruno Follmer, Rodolfo André Dellagrana, Luis Antonio Pereira de Lima, Walter Herzog, Fernando Diefenthaeler
Upper-body dynamic and isometric maximum strength are essential components for success in Brazilian jiu-jitsu (BJJ). This study was aimed at analysing strength parameters in the elbow flexor and extensor muscles of BJJ practitioners. Participants (n = 28) performed maximum isometric contractions of elbow flexors and extensors to determine peak torque (PT), rate of force development (RFD), and the torque-angle (T-A) relationship at elbow angles of 45°, 60°, 75°, 90°, 105°, and 120°. Additionally, concentric and eccentric PTs were measured at 1...
December 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
Daniele Detanico, Rodolfo André Dellagrana, Marina Saldanha da Silva Athayde, Rafael Lima Kons, Angel Góes
This study aimed to analyse the effects of a simulated Brazilian jiu-jitsu (BJJ) tournament on vertical jump performance, grip strength test and perceived effort responses. 22 male BJJ athletes participated in a simulated tournament consisting of three 7 min matches separated by 14 min of rest. Kimono grip strength test (KGST), counter movement jump (CMJ) and rate of perceived exertion (RPE) were measured before and after each match, while RPE of specific areas was assessed after three matches. ANOVA for repeated measures was used to compare strength parameters after each match with the level of significance set at 5%...
March 2017: Sports Biomechanics
Rodrigo Villar, Jason Gillis, Givanildo Santana, Daniel S Pinheiro, André L R A Almeida
Villar, R, Gillis, J, Santana, G, Pinheiro, DS, and Almeida, ALRA. Association between anaerobic metabolic demands during simulated Brazilian jiu-jitsu combat and specific jiu-jitsu anaerobic performance test. J Strength Cond Res 32(2): 432-440, 2018-The aims of this study were to design a specific Jiu-Jitsu anaerobic performance test (JJAPT) and investigate the relationship between blood lactate ([La]), heart rate (HR), and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) during simulated Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu combat (SBJJC) and JJAPT...
February 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Francisco Javier Diaz-Lara, Juan Del Coso, Jose Manuel García, Luis J Portillo, Francisco Areces, Javier Abián-Vicén
Scientific information about the effects of caffeine intake on combat sport performance is scarce and controversial. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of caffeine to improve Brazilian Jiu-jitsu (BJJ)-specific muscular performance. Fourteen male and elite BJJ athletes (29.2 ± 3.3 years; 71.3 ± 9.1 kg) participated in a randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled and crossover experiment. In two different sessions, BJJ athletes ingested 3 mg kg(-1) of caffeine or a placebo...
November 2016: European Journal of Sport Science
Fabrício Boscolo Del Vecchio, Denis Foster Gondim, Antonio Carlos Pereira Arruda
Boscolo Del Vecchio, F, Foster, D, and Arruda, A. Functional movement screening performance of Brazilian jiu-jitsu athletes from Brazil: differences considering practice time and combat style. J Strength Cond Res 30(8): 2341-2347, 2016-Brazilian jiu-jitsu (BJJ) is a grappling combat sport that athletes, lying (guard fighter) or kneeling (pass fighter) on the mat, attempt to force their opponents to submit. Brazilian jiu-jitsu practices may result in muscular imbalances, which increase the risk of injury. Instead, the Functional Movement Screen (FMS) is an evaluation routine that could be related to injury incidence and seeks to detect muscular imbalance and movement dysfunction...
August 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Bruno Victor Corrêa da Silva, Bernardo Neme Ide, Mário Antônio de Moura Simim, Moacir Marocolo, Gustavo Ribeiro da Mota
The aim of this study was to investigate the neuromuscular performance responses following successive Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ) fights. Twenty-three BJJ athletes (age: 26.3 ± 6.3 years; body mass: 79.4 ± 9.7 kg; body height: 1.80 ± 0.1 m) undertook 3 simulated BJJ fights (10 min duration each separated by 15 min of rest). Neuromuscular performance was measured by the bench press throw (BPT) and vertical counter movement jump (VCMJ) tests, assessed before the 1st fight (Pre) and after the last one (Post)...
December 9, 2014: Journal of Human Kinetics
Bruno Victor C da Silva, Mário A de Moura Simim, Moacir Marocolo, Emerson Franchini, Gustavo R da Mota
We determined the optimal load for the peak power output (PPO) during the bench press throw (BPT) in Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ) athletes and compared the PPO and maximal strength between advanced (AD) and nonadvanced (NA) athletes. Twenty-eight BJJ athletes (24.8 ± 5.7 years) performed the BPT at loads of 30, 40, 50, and 60% of their 1 repetition maximum (RM) in a randomized order (5-minute rest between BPTs). The PPO was determined by measuring the barbell displacement by an accelerometer (Myotest). The absolute (F = 7...
June 2015: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Jing Tian, Haibo Qiu, Guanfang Wang, Yong Chen, Li-Bin Fu
Measure synchronization (MS) in a two-species bosonic Josephson junction (BJJ) is studied based on semiclassical theory. Six different scenarios for MS, including two in the Josephson oscillation regime (the zero-phase mode) and four in the self-trapping regime (the π-phase mode), are clearly shown. Systematic investigations of the common features behind these different scenarios are performed. We show that the average energies of the two species merge at the MS transition point. The scaling of the power law near the MS transition is verified and the critical exponent is 1/2 for all of the different scenarios for MS...
September 2013: Physical Review. E, Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
Rs Chan, Bjj Abdullah, S Aik, Ch Tok
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) therapy is recognised as a safe and effective treatment option for osteoid osteoma. This case report describes a 27-year-old man who underwent computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous RFA for a femoral osteoid osteoma, which was diagnosed based on his clinical presentation and CT findings. The patient developed worsening symptoms complicated by osteomyelitis after the procedure. His clinical progression and subsequent MRI findings had led to a revised diagnosis of a Brodie's abscess, which was further supported by the eventual resolution of his symptoms following a combination of antibiotics treatment and surgical irrigations...
April 2011: Biomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal
Rs Chan, G Kumar, Bjj Abdullah, Kh Ng, A Vijayananthan, H Mohd Nor, Yw Liew
OBJECTIVE: To optimize the delay time before the initiation of arterial phase scan in the detection of focal liver lesions in contrast enhanced 5 phase liver CT using the bolus tracking technique. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Delay - the interval between threshold enhancement of 100 hounsfield unit (HU) in the abdominal aorta and commencement of the first arterial phase scan. Using a 16 slice CT scanner, a plain CT of the liver was done followed by an intravenous bolus of 120 ml nonionic iodinated contrast media (370 mg I/ml) at the rate of 4 mL/s...
April 2011: Biomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal
Alexandre Moreira, Emerson Franchini, Camila Gobo de Freitas, Ademir F Schultz de Arruda, Nivaldo Ribeiro de Moura, Eduardo Caldas Costa, Marcelo Saldanha Aoki
The aim of this study was to compare the salivary cortisol (sC) and the salivary immunoglobulin A (sIgA) responses to simulated and official Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu (BJJ) matches. Saliva samples were collected from 9 male BJJ athletes before (pre) and after (post) 2 simulated matches (SMs) and 2 official matches (OMs) performed during 2 different competitions. Salivary cortisol and sIgA concentrations (absolute concentration of sIgA [sIgAabs] and the secretion rate of sIgA [sIgArate]) were measured by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
August 2012: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Kh Ng, Bjj Abdullah
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2005: Biomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal
Y Faridah, Bjj Abdullah, Kh Ng
AIM: The single emulsion or single screen system is usually reserved for mammography since its use in general radiography is limited. The purpose of this study is to compare the mammographic film-screen combination (MFC) and the standard film-screen combination (SFC) in terms of fracture and soft tissue injuries detection. PATIENTS, METHODS AND MATERIALS: In this prospective study, 41 patients from Accident and Emergency suspected of having injury in the hands, wrists, ankles and feet regions were radiographed using both MFC and SFC...
July 2005: Biomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal
Bjj Abdullah, Kh Ng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2005: Biomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal
Bjj Abdullah, Kh Ng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2006: Biomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal
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