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minimal invasive coronary surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895342/innovations-in-cardiovascular-care-historical-perspective-contemporary-practice-recent-trends-and-future-directions
#1
Hasanat Sharif, Mayera Tufail
Cardiovascular diseases continue to be a major cause of mortality and morbidity in the world population. First open heart procedure was performed by Gibbon in 1953, since then many advancements have been introduced to the field of cardiac surgery. Minimally invasive techniques were introduced, which include minimally invasive coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), off-pump technique, minimally invasive valve surgery or transcatheter techniques to implant stentless or sutureless valves. The hybrid strategy to address coronary disease combines catheterisation procedures with standard surgical techniques...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815412/minimally-invasive-approach-for-coronary-artery-fistula-correction
#2
Laichun Song, Bo Wang, Jing Jin, Zhengdong Hua, Huadong Yu, Liang Tao
OBJECTIVES: Minimally invasive cardiac surgery has recently become widespread. The aim of this study is to analyse the feasibility of a minimally invasive approach for coronary artery fistula (CAF) correction. METHODS: From February 2001 to June 2014, 49 patients in our centre underwent minimally invasive CAF correction without cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). The mean age was 21.18 ± 11.24 years (range, 5 months to 64 years). Patients with cardiac anomalies who underwent CAF correction and those who underwent CAF via the minimally invasive approach with CPB were excluded...
November 3, 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780561/minimally-invasive-extracorporeal-circulation-circuit-is-not-inferior-to-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-meta-analysis-using-the-bayesian-method
#3
REVIEW
Bernhard Winkler, Paul P Heinisch, Brigitta Gahl, Soheila Aghlmandi, Hans Jörg Jenni, Thierry P Carrel
The pathophysiologic side effects of cardiopulmonary bypass have already been identified. Minimally invasive extracorporeal circulation technologies (MiECT) and off-pump coronary artery bypass graft surgery (OPCABG) aim to reduce these problems. This metaanalysis provides a comparison of MiECT and OPCABG in randomized and observational studies. A fully probabilistic, Bayesian approach of primary and secondary endpoints was conducted. MiECT does not give inferior results when compared with OPCABG. However, there is a trend to borderline significantly higher blood loss in this group in randomized controlled trials...
October 22, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727088/cardiac-surgery-or-interventional-cardiology-why-not-both-let-s-go-hybrid
#4
Nikolaos A Papakonstantinou, Nikolaos G Baikoussis, Panagiotis Dedeilias, Michalis Argiriou, Christos Charitos
A hybrid strategy, firstly performed in the 1990s, is a combination of tools available only in the catheterization laboratory with those available only in the operating room in order to minimize surgical morbidity and face with any cardiovascular lesion. The continuous evolution of stent technology along with the adoption of minimally invasive surgical approaches, make hybrid approaches an attractive alternative to standard surgical or transcatheter techniques for any given set of cardiovascular lesions. Examples include hybrid coronary revascularization, when an open surgical anastomosis of the left internal mammary artery to the left anterior descending coronary artery is performed along with stent implantation in non-left anterior descending coronary vessels, open heart valve surgery combined with percutaneous coronary interventions to coronary lesions, hybrid aortic arch debranching combined with endovascular grafting for thoracic aortic aneurysms, hybrid endocardial and epicardial atrial fibrillation procedures, and carotid artery stenting along with coronary artery bypass grafting...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716712/a-lethal-tension-pneumothorax-during-minimally-invasive-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-can-transesophageal-echocardiography-pick-it
#5
Dharmesh Radheshyam Agrawal, Sathyaki Purushottam Nambala
Minimally invasive cardiac surgery is establishing itself as the standard of care across the world. MICS CABG is currently performed in only a few centers. Hemodynamics disturbances are peculiar during MICS CABG due to space constraints. We report a 70-year-old man who underwent MICS CABG who developed tension pneumothorax during revascularization that was diagnosed in a novel way.
October 2016: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713633/comparison-of-the-acute-phase-response-after-laparoscopic-versus-open-aortobifemoral-bypass-surgery-a-substudy-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Anne H Krog, Mehdi Sahba, Erik M Pettersen, Irene Sandven, Per M Thorsby, Jørgen J Jørgensen, Jon O Sundhagen, Syed Ss Kazmi
PURPOSE: Minimally invasive surgical techniques have been shown to reduce the inflammatory response related to a surgical procedure. The main objective of our study was to measure the inflammatory response in patients undergoing a totally laparoscopic versus open aortobifemoral bypass surgery. This is the first randomized trial on subjects in this population. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a substudy of a larger randomized controlled multicenter trial (Norwegian Laparoscopic Aortic Surgery Trial)...
2016: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693045/use-of-ecg-gated-computed-tomography-echocardiography-and-selective-angiography-in-five-dogs-with-pulmonic-stenosis-and-one-dog-with-pulmonic-stenosis-and-aberrant-coronary-arteries
#7
P Laborda-Vidal, B Pedro, M Baker, A R Gelzer, J Dukes-McEwan, T W Maddox
Pulmonic stenosis (PS) is the most common congenital cardiac disease in dogs. Boxers and English bulldogs are among the most commonly affected breeds and also commonly associated with an aberrant coronary artery (CA). If an aberrant CA is suspected and balloon valvuloplasty indicated, an intra-operative angiography is recommended prior to the procedure. ECG-gated computed tomography (CT) can be used to screen for CA anomalies in a quick and minimally-invasive way (preventing side effects associated with selective catheter angiography) and allowing early planning of the procedure...
December 2016: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585193/pain-and-the-quality-of-life-following-robotic-assisted-minimally-invasive-surgery
#8
Mehmet Ezelsoy, Kerem Oral, Baris Caynak, Zehra Bayramoglu, Belhhan Akpinar
OBJECTIVE: Minimally invasive bypass grafting is a promising surgical treatment in proximal LAD stenosis procedures. The main goal of this study was to make comparisons between robotically assisted minimally invasive coronary bypass surgery and conventional surgery in isolated proximal LAD lesions in terms of pain and quality of life improvement. METHODS: The study contains patients with proximal LAD lesions who were treated with robotically assisted minimally invasive coronary artery bypass surgery and conventional bypass surgery between June 2005 and November 2012...
2016: Heart Surgery Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557486/minimally-invasive-cardiac-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Gudrun Dieberg, Neil A Smart, Nicola King
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive (MI) cardiac surgery was introduced to reduce problems associated with a full sternotomy. This meta-analysis aimed to investigate the effects of minimally invasive cardiac surgery on a range of clinical outcomes. METHODS: To identify potential studies (randomised/prospective clinical trials) systematic searches were carried out. The search strategy included the concepts of "minimally invasive" OR "MIDCAB" AND "coronary artery bypass grafting" OR "cardiac surgery"...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549549/minimally-invasive-periareolar-approach-to-unroofed-coronary-sinus-atrial-septal-defect-repair
#10
Sabin J Bozso, Aaron Grant, Ivan Iglesias, Michael W A Chu
Less invasive techniques are commonly used to treat patients with anatomically suitable secundum atrial septal defects; however, repair of more complex atrial septal defects are still performed through sternotomy. Cosmetically appealing periareolar incisions have been used in breast reconstructive surgery and may provide an esthetically superior alternative to the anterolateral minithoracotomy incision used in minimally invasive cardiac surgery. We describe a patient with an unroofed coronary sinus atrial septal defect who underwent successful minimally invasive, endoscopic repair of this defect with autologous pericardial baffle reconstruction of the coronary sinus roof and closure of the interatrial communication through a periareolar approach...
September 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27521418/defining-the-sham-environment-for-post-myocardial-infarction-studies-in-mice
#11
Rugmani Padmanabhan Iyer, Lisandra E de Castro Brás, Presley L Cannon, Yonggang Ma, Kristine Y DeLeon-Pennell, Mira Jung, Elizabeth R Flynn, Jeffrey B Henry, Dustin R Bratton, Jared A White, Linda K Fulton, Andrew W Grady, Merry L Lindsey
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of sham surgery in a minimally invasive surgical model of permanent coronary artery occlusion used to generate myocardial infarction (MI) in mice. Adult male C57BL/6J mice (3-6 mo old) were divided into five groups: day (D) 0 (no surgical operation), D1 Sham, D1 MI, D7 Sham, and D7 MI. A refined MI surgery technique was used to approach the coronary artery without the ribs being cut. Both sham and MI mice had the left ventricle (LV) exposed through a small incision...
September 1, 2016: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27502132/-clinical-experience-of-2-543-cases-of-congenital-heart-diseases-undergoing-totally-thoracoscopic-cardiac-surgery-in-a-single-center
#12
X Z Xu, W Yi, H Li, G Y Shi, Y W Chen, N Qiao, M Chen, Z X Jin, R Zhao, Y Jin, S Q Yu
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the experience of totally thoracoscopic cardiac surgical (TTCS) at congenital heart diseases (CHD) treatment. METHODS: From April 2000 to March 2016, 2 543 patients with CHD underwent TTCS in Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, including 957 male and 1 586 female patients. The age ranged from 0.5 to 66.0 years with a mean age of (21±18) years. The body weight ranged from 6 to 118 kg with a mean of (49±30) kg...
August 1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27495346/a-retrospective-comparison-of-robotic-cholecystectomy-versus-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-operative-outcomes-and-cost-analysis
#13
David S Strosberg, Michelle C Nguyen, Peter Muscarella, Vimal K Narula
INTRODUCTION: Robotic-assisted surgery is gaining popularity in general surgery. Our objective was to evaluate and compare operative outcomes and total costs for robotic cholecystectomy (RC) and laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). METHODS AND PROCEDURES: A retrospective review was performed for all patients who underwent single-procedure RC and LC from January 2011 to July 2015 by a single surgeon at a large academic medical center. Demographics, diagnosis, perioperative variables, postoperative complications, 30-day readmissions, and operative and hospital costs were collected and analyzed between those patient groups...
August 5, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27495339/preventing-anastomotic-complications-early-results-of-laparoscopic-gastric-devascularization-two-weeks-prior-to-minimally-invasive-esophagectomy
#14
David S Strosberg, Robert E Merritt, Kyle A Perry
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic gastric devascularization (LGD) is an innovative method to improve gastric conduit perfusion and improve anastomotic healing following esophagectomy. This study reports our early experience with LGD performed two weeks prior to minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) with intrathoracic anastomosis. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all patients who underwent LGD prior to minimally invasive Ivor Lewis esophagectomy between August 2014 and July 2015 at a large academic medical center...
August 5, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27443431/hybrid-coronary-revascularization-for%C3%A2-the%C3%A2-treatment-of-multivessel-coronary%C3%A2-artery-disease-a-multicenter-observational-study
#15
John D Puskas, Michael E Halkos, Joseph J DeRose, Emilia Bagiella, Marissa A Miller, Jessica Overbey, Johannes Bonatti, V S Srinivas, Mark Vesely, Francis Sutter, Janine Lynch, Katherine Kirkwood, Timothy A Shapiro, Konstantinos D Boudoulas, Juan Crestanello, Thomas Gehrig, Peter Smith, Michael Ragosta, Steven J Hoff, David Zhao, Annetine C Gelijns, Wilson Y Szeto, Giora Weisz, Michael Argenziano, Thomas Vassiliades, Henry Liberman, William Matthai, Deborah D Ascheim
BACKGROUND: Hybrid coronary revascularization (HCR) combines minimally invasive surgical coronary artery bypass grafting of the left anterior descending artery with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of non-left anterior descending vessels. HCR is increasingly used to treat multivessel coronary artery disease that includes stenoses in the proximal left anterior descending artery and at least 1 other vessel, but its effectiveness has not been rigorously evaluated. OBJECTIVES: This National Institutes of Health-funded, multicenter, observational study was conducted to explore the characteristics and outcomes of patients undergoing clinically indicated HCR and multivessel PCI for hybrid-eligible coronary artery disease, to inform the design of a confirmatory comparative effectiveness trial...
July 26, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27440802/comparison-of-early-and-late-quality-of-life-between-left-anterior-thoracotomy-and-median-sternotomy-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery
#16
Julian J Nesbitt, George Mori, Charlotte Mason-Apps, George Asimakopoulos
OBJECTIVE: Minimally invasive coronary artery bypass surgery performed through a left thoracotomy has potential benefits over conventional sternotomy, including reduced surgical trauma, faster recovery and potential improvement in quality of life. This study is a prospective assessment of quality of life in patients undergoing off-pump coronary bypass by median sternotomy and left anterior thoracotomy. METHODS: Quality of life was assessed by the EuroQoL questionnaire, with additional questions on dyspnoea, angina, wound pain and scar aesthetics...
July 20, 2016: Perfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27440015/-robot-assisted-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting
#17
Norihiko Ishikawa, Go Watanabe
The application for robot-assisted coronary surgery ranges from internal thoracic artery (ITA) harvesting with hand-sewn anastomoses to totally endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting (TECAB), either on- or off-pump. The bilateral IMA can be harvested with the aid of a surgical robot and then multivessel bypass grafting can follow. Such robot-assisted minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass grafting is called "ThoraCAB". Surgical robots cannot only endoscopically harvest the ITA but they can also anastomose the coronary artery in TECAB...
July 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27401491/initial-experience-with-percutaneous-coronary-sinus-catheter-placement-in-minimally-invasive-cardiac-surgery-in-an-academic-center
#18
Satoshi Hanada, Hajime Sakamoto, Michael Swerczek, Kenichi Ueda
BACKGROUND: Placement of a percutaneous coronary sinus catheter (CSC) by an anesthesiologist for retrograde cardioplegia in minimally invasive cardiac surgery is relatively safe in experienced hands. However, the popularity of its placement remains limited to a small number of centers due to its perceived complexity and potential complications. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all cardiac cases performed by one surgeon between December 2009 and April 2012. The reviewed cases were divided into two groups: cardiac cases with percutaneous CSC placement (CSC group) and cardiac cases without placement (control group)...
2016: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27397466/selective-lobar-blockade-in-minimally-invasive-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-technical-advantage-in-patients-with-low-respiratory-reserve-that-precludes-one-lung-ventilation
#19
Dharmesh Radheshyam Agrawal, Sathyaki Nambala, Arul Fartado
Minimally invasive cardiac surgery/coronary artery bypass grafting (MICS CABG) is performed through a small 2 inch left thoracotomy incision. Lung isolation is must during MICS CABG. Oxygenation with one-lung ventilation can be difficult, especially during supine position. We report a case of a 53-year-old male patient who underwent MICS CABG with the selective lobar blockade.
July 2016: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27397447/anesthetic-implications-of-subxiphoid-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery
#20
Murali Chakravarthy, Muralimanohar Veerappa, Vivek Jawali, Nischal Pandya, Jayaprakash Krishnamoorthy, Geetha Muniraju, Antony George, Jitumoni Baishya
BACKGROUND: Minimal invasive surgeries are carried out to benefit the patient with less pain, blood loss, mechanical ventilation and hospital stay; a smaller scar is not the aim. Minimal invasive cardiac surgeries are carried out via small sternotomy, small thoracotomy and via robotic arms. Subxiphoid route is a novel method and avoids sternotomy. AIM: This case series is an attempt to understand the anesthetic modifications required. Secondly, whether it is feasible to carry out subxiphoid coronary artery bypass surgery...
July 2016: Annals of Cardiac Anaesthesia
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