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Geriatric trauma

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074459/comparison-of-revised-trauma-score-injury-severity-score-and-trauma-and-injury-severity-score-for-mortality-prediction-in-elderly-trauma-patients
#1
Shahrokh Yousefzadeh-Chabok, Marieh Hosseinpour, Leila Kouchakinejad-Eramsadati, Fatemeh Ranjbar, Reza Malekpouri, Alireza Razzaghi, Zahra Mohtasham-Amiri
BACKGROUND: Trauma is the fifth leading cause of death in patients 65 years and older. This study is a comparison of results of Revised Trauma Score (RTS), Injury Severity Score (ISS), and Trauma and Injury Severity Score (TRISS) in prediction of mortality in cases of geriatric trauma. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of records of 352 elderly trauma patients who were admitted to Pour-Sina Hospital in Rasht between 2010 and 2011. Injury scoring systems were compared in terms of specificity, sensitivity, and cut-off points using receiver operating characteristic curve of patient prognosis...
November 2016: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032058/epidemiology-of-geriatric-trauma-in-an-urban-kazakhstani-setting
#2
Aidos S Tlemissov, Marzhan A Dauletyarova, Tolkyn A Bulegenov, Tolebay K Rakhypbekov, Andrej M Grjibovski
BACKGROUND: External causes of death are still among the main causes of death in the countries of the former Soviet Union. We studied epidemiology of injuries among elderly in a typical Kazakhstani city. METHODS: Data on all injuries among individuals aged 60 yr or older in the city of Semey (former Semipalatinsk) from 2010 to 2012 was collected from medical files. We present absolute numbers and incidence rates for the main ICD-codes in Chapters XIX and XX of ICD-10 by gender, ethnic background and place where the injury occurred...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030715/future-directions-of-geriatric-trauma-care-function-and-quality-of-life-beyond-survival
#3
Erika L Rangel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 28, 2016: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026728/-influence-of-the-weather-on-the-incidence-of-fractures-in-the-elderly
#4
F Burget, O Foltán, J Kraus, K Kudrna, M Novák, J Ulrych
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY The incidence of geriatric fractures (proximal femur, distal radius, proximal humerus and thoracolumbar spine injuries) in the population increases with ageing. However, the role of weather conditions, such as icy and slippery winter, should not be overlooked. A deeper insight into this relationship may bring about a better understanding of the fracture aetiology and thus allow for improvement in the prevention of fractures in elderly people. MATERIAL AND METHODS This prospective study included 676 patients (469 women and 207 men) aged 65 and over...
2016: Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017806/predicting-in-hospital-and-1-year-mortality-in-geriatric-trauma-patients-using-geriatric-trauma-outcome-score
#5
Rebecka Ahl, Herb A Phelan, Sinan Dogan, Yang Cao, Allyson C Cook, Shahin Mohseni
BACKGROUND: The Geriatric Trauma Outcome Score, GTOS (= [age] + [Injury Severity Score (ISS)x2.5] + 22 [if packed red blood cells (PRBC) transfused ≤24hrs of admission]), was developed and validated as a prognostic indicator for in-hospital mortality in elderly trauma patients. However, GTOS neither provides information regarding post-discharge outcomes, nor discriminates between patients dying with and without care restrictions. Isolating the latter, GTOS prediction performance was examined during admission and 1-year post-discharge in a mature European trauma registry...
December 22, 2016: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997467/functional-outcomes-of-operative-management-of-scapula-fractures-in-a-geriatric-cohort
#6
Peter A Cole, Jeffrey A Gilbertson, Peter A Cole
OBJECTIVES: To analyze functional outcomes, motion, and strength in patients 65 years of age and older who underwent operative management of a scapula fracture. DESIGN: Retrospective review of prospective database. SETTING: A single level-1 teaching trauma center. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: Two hundred fifty patients with scapula fractures were operated between January 2002 and March 2014. A review identified 16 geriatric patients 65 years of age and older...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994985/mortality-in-tongue-cancer-patients-treated-by-curative-surgery-a-retrospective-cohort-study-from-cgrd
#7
Ming-Shao Tsai, Chia-Hsuan Lai, Chuan-Pin Lee, Yao-Hsu Yang, Pau-Chung Chen, Chung-Jan Kang, Geng-He Chang, Yao-Te Tsai, Chang-Hsien Lu, Chih-Yen Chien, Chi-Kuang Young, Ku-Hao Fang, Chin-Jui Liu, Re-Ming A Yeh, Wen-Cheng Chen
BACKGROUND: Our study aimed to compare the outcomes of surgical treatment of tongue cancer patients in three different age groups. METHODS: From 2004 to 2013, we retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 1,712 patients who were treated in the four institutions constituting the Chang Gung Memorial Hospitals (CGMH). We divided and studied the patients in three age groups: Group 1, younger (<65 years); Group 2, young old (65 to <75); and Group 3, older old patients (≥75 years)...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984444/advanced-imaging-lacks-clinical-utility-in-treating-geriatric-pelvic-ring-injuries-caused-by-low-energy-trauma
#8
Roman M Natoli, Harold A Fogel, Daniel Holt, Adam Schiff, Mitchell Bernstein, Hobie D Summers, William Lack
OBJECTIVES: Is advanced imaging necessary in evaluation of pelvic fractures caused by low energy trauma in elderly patients? DESIGN: Retrospective review SETTING:: Single institution, Level 1 Trauma Center PATIENTS:: Age ≥ 60 years old treated for low energy traumatic pelvic ring injuries INTERVENTION:: None MAIN OUTCOMES:: Posterior pelvic ring injuries diagnosed on advanced imaging, radiographic displacement, admission status, hospital length of stay, change in weight-bearing status recommendations, and whether operative treatment was pursued RESULTS:: Eighty-seven patients met the inclusion criteria of which 42 had advanced imaging to evaluate the posterior pelvic ring (10 MRIs, 32 CTs)...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974304/improving-hip-fracture-outcomes-with-integrated-orthogeriatric-care-a-comparison-between-two-accepted-orthogeriatric-models
#9
Mark Middleton, Bettina Wan, Ruy da Assunçāo
BACKGROUND: our orthopaedic trauma unit serves a large elderly population, admitting 400-500 hip fractures annually. A higher than expected mortality was detected amongst these patients, prompting a change in the hip fracture pathway. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of a change in orthogeriatric provision on hip fracture outcomes and care quality indicators. PATIENTS AND METHODS: the hip fracture pathway was changed from a geriatric consultation service to a completely integrated service on a dedicated orthogeriatric ward...
December 14, 2016: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942737/prothrombin-complex-concentrates-an-alternative-to-fresh-frozen-plasma
#10
David R Burk, Jordan L Smith, Jason R Wild
Insufficiency fractures are a common cause of morbidity among geriatric patients worldwide. Improved outcomes are known to result from decreased delay to definitive operative fixation and mobilization. Use of warfarin is an important potential cause of delay. The ideal mode of warfarin reversal is currently unknown. Prothrombin complex concentrates (PCCs) offer rapid correction with small infusion volume, both of which are important for elderly patients with multiple comorbidities. The authors present 2 cases of insufficiency fractures occurring in geriatric patients receiving warfarin therapy reversed with a 3-factor PCC...
December 8, 2016: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941328/upper-extremity-function-predicts-adverse-health-outcomes-among-older-adults-hospitalized-for-ground-level-falls
#11
Bellal Joseph, Nima Toosizadeh, Tahereh Orouji Jokar, Michelle R Heusser, Jane Mohler, Bijan Najafi
BACKGROUND: Despite National Surgical Quality Improvement guidelines to integrate frailty into surgical elder assessments, a quick, accurate, and simple frailty assessment tool suitable for busy clinical settings is still not available. Recently, we have demonstrated that a simple upper-extremity function (UEF) test based on wearable sensors could identify frailty with high agreement with conventional assessments by testing 20-s repetitive elbow flexion and extension. OBJECTIVE: We examined whether UEF parameters are sensitive for predicting adverse health outcomes in bedbound older adults admitted to hospital due to ground-level fall injuries...
December 10, 2016: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919768/proximal-femoral-fractures-in-centenarians-a-retrospective-analysis-of-39-patients
#12
A Morice, N Reina, G Gracia, P Bonnevialle, J-M Laffosse, K Wytrykowski, E Cavaignac, N Bonnevialle
BACKGROUND: A corollary of the current population ageing in France is an increase in proximal femoral fractures (PFFs), particularly among centenarians. The outcomes of PFFs in centenarians in France are unknown. We therefore conducted a retrospective study of centenarians with PFFs both to assess: (1) assess clinical outcomes according to geriatric and trauma scores, (2) and to determine whether routine surgery is warranted. HYPOTHESIS: Morbidity and mortality in a single-centre cohort of centenarians with surgically treated PFFs are consistent with previous reports...
December 2, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904220/pfna-ii-protrusion-over-the-greater-trochanter-in-the-asian-population-used-in-proximal-femoral-fractures
#13
Sun-Jun Hu, Shi-Min Chang, Zhuo Ma, Shou-Chao Du, Liang-Ping Xiong, Xin Wang
BACKGROUND: The treatment of proximal femoral fractures in geriatric osteoporotic patients continues to be a challenge in orthopaedic trauma. Various kinds of cephalomedullary nails, such as gamma nail, InterTan and PFNA were used clinically. The latest generation PFNA II, specially designed for Asian population, is commonly used for geriatric per-/intertrochanteric fractures. The aim of this study was to determine whether the current PFNA-II proximal segment length is suitable for the greater trochanter height, as assessed by postoperative radiograph measurements...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896467/audit-of-geriatric-hip-fracture-care-a%C3%A2-slovenian-trauma-center-analysis
#14
Dejan Krušič, Drago Brilej, Colin Currie, Radko Komadina
BACKGROUND: The aim was to describe an audit of hip fracture patient care and outcomes in a Slovenian healthcare setting prior to the implementation of the Geriatric Fracture Center (GFC) model of care. METHODS: The Fragility Fracture Network (FFN) hip fracture audit database was used to collect data on hip fracture care in elderly patients. Epidemiological data were submitted as well as fracture type, prefracture residence and mobility prior to the fracture. The timeline of events and acute care data were also collected...
December 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893640/a-position-paper-the-convergence-of-aging-and-injury-and-the-need-for-a-geriatric-trauma-coalition-geritrac
#15
Zara Cooper, Cathy A Maxwell, Samir M Fakhry, Bellal Joseph, Nancy Lundejberg, Peter Burke, Robert Baracco
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889266/the-effect-anticoagulation-status-on-geriatric-fall-trauma-patients
#16
Julia Coleman, Mustafa Baldawi, David Heidt
BACKGROUND: This research study aims to identify the effect of anticoagulation status on hospital course, complications, and outcomes among geriatric fall trauma patients. METHODS: The study design is a retrospective cohort study, looking at fall trauma among patients aged 60 to 80 years from 2009 to 2013 at a university hospital in the United States. The statistical analysis, conducted with SPSS software with a threshold for statistical significance of P < ...
December 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878560/clinical-and-etiological-profile-of-epilepsy-in-elderly-a-hospital-based-study-from-rural-india
#17
Archana Verma, Alok Kumar
To determine the clinical profile and etiology of epilepsy in elderly patients in rural population of India which is in a phase of demographic transition with steadily growing geriatric population. A cross-sectional, prospective, hospital-based clinicoepidemiological study was performed from October 2014 to November 2015. Patients having onset of epilepsy after 60 years were incorporated in the study. We excluded the acute symptomatic seizures. One hundred and ten patients were enrolled and were divided into three standard subgroups: subgroup A (aged 60-70), subgroup B (aged 71-80), and subgroup C (aged 81-90)...
November 22, 2016: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862246/a-retrospective-analysis-of-mortality-in-captive-pygmy-hippopotamus-choeropsis-liberiensis-from-1912-to-2014
#18
Gabriella L Flacke, Suzana Tkalčić, Beatrice Steck, Kristin Warren, Graeme B Martin
The pygmy hippopotamus (Choeropsis liberiensis) is an IUCN Red List Endangered species (CITES Appendix II) that has been housed in zoological collections since 1912. As wild populations continue to decline throughout the species' range, successful ex situ breeding and management, including an understanding of morbidity and mortality, are of utmost importance. This study is the first comprehensive review of mortality data from the captive population since 1982 and significantly expands on previous analyses. We solicited necropsy reports from 129/187 zoological institutions worldwide that currently or previously held pygmy hippos and received data for 404 animals (177 ♂, 220 ♀, 7 undermined sex), representing 43% of pygmy hippos that have died in captivity...
November 2016: Zoo Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858179/outcome-parameters-in-orthogeriatric-co%C3%A2-management%C3%A2-a%C3%A2-mini-review
#19
REVIEW
Radko Komadina, Klaus W Wendt, Gerold Holzer, Tomaž Kocjan
Recognizing hip and other fragility fractures as an adverse event of chronic geriatric conditions led to the concept of orthogeriatric co-management (OGC). OGC today represents various forms of structural cooperation between orthopedic trauma surgeons and multiprofessional geriatric teams taking care of frail elderly patients. The models are country specific. Despite several published models there are still no clear recommendations on how this service should be best organized. The 12 outcome parameters published by the Experts' Roundtable in 2013 were recommended to be used for the further assessment of different OCG models...
December 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852340/subjective-and-objective-traumatic-death-distinct-roles-in-developing-complicated-grief-and-depression-among-older-adults-in-hong-kong
#20
Suqin Tang, Amy Y M Chow
BACKGROUND: Symptoms of complicated grief are associated with a traumatic death. However, the subjective experience of whether or not the death was considered traumatic has not been substantially explored. This study first examined the difference between objective and subjective traumatic death, and then investigated their respective impacts on complicated grief and depressive symptoms following bereavement among older adults in Hong Kong. METHODS: Participants were 187 Hong Kong adults aged 65 years or above who had lost a family member within the past five years...
November 17, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
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