Read by QxMD icon Read


Yi Deng, Biran Yang, Yan Peng, Zhiqiang Liu, Jinwen Luo, Guoxin Du
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to examine differences in kidney intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion-weighted imaging (IVIM-DWI) parameters in early-stage diabetic patients versus healthy controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nineteen type 2 diabetic patients (group A) with a urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR) < 30 mg/g and an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of 80-120 mL/(min 1.73 m2 ) and twelve healthy volunteers (group B) were recruited...
March 14, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
Jun Lv, Wenjian Huang, Jue Zhang, Xiaoying Wang
OBJECTIVE: In free-breathing multi-b-value diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), a series of images typically requires several minutes to collect. During respiration the kidney is routinely displaced and may also undergo deformation. These respiratory motion effects generate artifacts and these are the main sources of error in the quantification of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) derived parameters. This work proposes a fully automated framework that combines a kidney segmentation to improve the registration accuracy Methods: Ten healthy subjects were recruited to participate in this experiment...
March 12, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
You-Zhen Feng, Xiao-Qiao Chen, Juan Yu, Xiao-Ling Liu, Zhong-Yuan Cheng, Wei-Wei Ren, Lie Feng, Xiang-Ran Cai
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the utility of intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion-weighted imaging (IVIM DWI) parameters in identifying early renal function changes in diabetics. METHODS: A total of 40 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and 20 healthy control subjects underwent multiple b value DWI. The diabetic patients were stratified into two groups based on albuminuria category: NAU (normal to mildly increased albuminuria; ACR < 30 mg/g) and MAU (moderately increased albuminuria; 30 ≤ ACR < 300 mg/g)...
March 10, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
Sunghoon Park, Joon-Kee Yoon, Nam-Su Chung, Sang Hyun Kim, Jinwoo Hwang, Hyun Young Lee, Kyu-Sung Kwack
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) diffusion-weighted MR imaging (DWI) parameters and 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) metabolic parameters in patients with vertebral bone metastases. METHODS: Nineteen patients with vertebral bone metastases were retrospectively included in this institutional review board-approved study. All patients underwent IVIM DWI and 18F-FDG PET/CT before treatment...
March 6, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
Feifei Qu, Pei-Herng Hor, John Fischer, Raja Muthupillai
BACKGROUND: Diminished signal intensity of uterine fibroids in T2 -weighted images is routinely used as a qualitative marker of fibroid hypoperfusion. However, quantitative classification of fibroid perfusion with intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) model-based metrics is not yet clinically accepted. PURPOSE: To investigate the influence of T2 correction on the estimation of IVIM model parameters for characterizing uterine fibroid tissue. STUDY TYPE: Prospective...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
Colleen Bailey, David J Collins, Nina Tunariu, Matthew R Orton, Veronica A Morgan, Thorsten Feiweier, David J Hawkes, Martin O Leach, Daniel C Alexander, Eleftheria Panagiotaki
Purpose: To examine the usefulness of rich diffusion protocols with high b -values and varying diffusion time for probing microstructure in bone metastases. Analysis techniques including biophysical and mathematical models were compared with the clinical apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC). Methods: Four patients were scanned using 13 b -values up to 3,000 s/mm2 and diffusion times ranging 18-52 ms. Data were fitted to mono-exponential ADC, intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM), Kurtosis and Vascular, extracellular, and restricted diffusion for cytometry in tumors (VERDICT) models...
2018: Frontiers in Oncology
Mami Iima, Masako Kataoka, Shotaro Kanao, Makiko Kawai, Natsuko Onishi, Sho Koyasu, Katsutoshi Murata, Akane Ohashi, Rena Sakaguchi, Kaori Togashi
We prospectively examined the variability of non-Gaussian diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) measurements with different numbers of b-values and excitations in normal breast tissue and breast lesions. Thirteen volunteers and fourteen patients with breast lesions (seven malignant, eight benign; one patient had bilateral lesions) were recruited in this prospective study (approved by the Internal Review Board). Diffusion-weighted MRI was performed with 16 b-values (0-2500 s/mm2 with one number of excitations [NEX]) and five b-values (0-2500 s/mm2, 3 NEX), using a 3T breast MRI...
2018: PloS One
Shao-Cheng Zhu, Yue-Hua Liu, Yi Wei, Lin-Lin Li, She-Wei Dou, Ting-Yi Sun, Da-Peng Shi
AIM: To compare intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM)-derived parameters with conventional diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) parameters in predicting the histological grade of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and to evaluate the correlation between the parameters and the histological grades. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed. Sixty-two patients with surgically confirmed HCCs underwent diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging with twelve b values (10-1200 s/mm2 )...
February 28, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Yi Wei, Feifei Gao, Dandan Zheng, Zixing Huang, Min Wang, Fubi Hu, Chenyang Chen, Ting Duan, Jie Chen, Likun Cao, Bin Song
Accurate preoperative differentiation of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in the setting of cirrhotic liver is of great clinical significance because the treatment and prognosis of these entities differ markedly. Through a retrospectively research, we sought to determine the diagnostic performances of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) and diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) parameters in the differentiating of ICC and HCC. According to the results, we found that apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) derived from mono-exponential model and true ADC (ADCslow ) derived from bi-exponential model can be used to distinguish the ICC and HCC, and ADCslow entailed the higher diagnostic performance than ADC...
January 30, 2018: Oncotarget
Lian Shanshan, Shi Feng, Wei Kaikai, Zhang Yijun, Liu Huiming, Xie Chuanmiao
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: This study aims to investigate the value of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM)-derived parameters for early evaluation of the efficiency of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) treatment for rabbit liver VX2 tumor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen rabbit liver VX2 tumor models were constructed, and computed tomography-guided RFA was performed. One day before and 7 days after RFA, 18 models underwent magnetic resonance imaging, including contrast-enhanced imaging and IVIM diffusion-weighted imaging with 16 b-factors (0-1000 s/mm2 )...
February 22, 2018: Academic Radiology
Fuminori Miyoshi, Yuki Shinohara, Atsushi Kambe, Keita Kuya, Atsushi Murakami, Masamichi Kurosaki, Toshihide Ogawa
Background Detecting recurrence of glioma on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is getting more and more important, especially after administration of new anti-tumor agent. However, it is still hard to identify. Purpose To examine the utility of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) MRI and arterial spin labeling-cerebral blood flow (ASL-CBF) for recurrent glioma after initiation of bevacizumab (BEV) treatment. Material and Methods Thirteen patients (7 men, 6 women; age range = 41-82 years) with glioma (high grade, n = 11; low grade, n = 2) were enrolled in the study...
January 1, 2018: Acta Radiologica
Eddie Surer, Cristina Rossi, Anton S Becker, Tim Finkenstaedt, Moritz C Wurnig, Antonios Valavanis, Sebastian Winklhofer
PURPOSE: Intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) in diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) attributes the signal attenuation to the molecular diffusion and to a faster pseudo-diffusion. Purpose of the study was to demonstrate the feasibility of IVIM for the investigation of intracranial cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) dynamics. METHODS: Cardiac-gated DW-MRI images with fifteen b-values (0-1300s/mm2 ) along three orthogonal directions (mediolateral (ML), anteroposterior (AP), and craniocaudal (CC)) were acquired during maximum systole and diastole in 10 healthy volunteers (6 males, mean age 36 ± 15 years)...
February 22, 2018: Neuroradiology
Yanyan Xu, Qiaoyu Xu, Hongliang Sun, Tongxi Liu, Kaining Shi, Wu Wang
PURPOSE: To evaluate the diagnostic potential of DW-MRI relative parameters for differentiation of rectal cancers with different Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homologue (KRAS) mutation status. METHODS: Fifty-one patients with rectal cancer underwent diffusion-weighted MR imaging with eight b values. ADCs (including Max-ADC, Min-ADC and Mean-ADC) and IVIM parameters (D, pure diffusion; f, perfusion fraction; D*, pseudodiffusion coefficient) were respectively calculated by mono- and bi-exponential analysis...
February 15, 2018: European Radiology
Hongliang Sun, Yanyan Xu, Aiping Song, Kaining Shi, Wu Wang
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to evaluate the intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM)-DWI derived parameters and their relationships with tumor prognostic markers using 3-T MRI in patients with rectal cancer. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Fifty-two patients with histopathologically proven rectal cancer who underwent preoperative pelvic MRI were prospectively enrolled in this study. Diffusion and perfusion parameters including the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), pure diffusion coefficient, perfusion fraction, and pseudodiffusion coefficient derived from IVIMDWI were independently measured by two radiologists...
February 15, 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
Jeremy J Heit, Max Wintermark, Blake W Martin, Guangming Zhu, Michael P Marks, Greg Zaharchuk, Robert L Dodd, Huy M Do, Gary K Steinberg, Maarten G Lansberg, Gregory W Albers, Christian Federau
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Proximal artery vasospasm and delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) after cerebral aneurysm rupture result in reduced cerebral perfusion and microperfusion and significant morbidity and mortality. Intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) magnetic resonance imaging extracts microvascular perfusion information from a multi-b value diffusion-weighted sequence. We determined whether decreased IVIM perfusion may identify patients with proximal artery vasospasm and DCI. METHODS: We performed a pilot retrospective cohort study of patients with ruptured cerebral aneurysms...
March 2018: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Takuya Urushihata, Hiroyuki Takuwa, Chie Seki, Yasuhiko Tachibana, Manami Takahashi, Jeff Kershaw, Yuhei Takado, Ichio Aoki, Makoto Higuchi, Hiroshi Ito, Takayuki Obata
PURPOSE: Chronic cerebral hypoperfusion model mice were created by unilateral common carotid artery occlusion (UCCAO) surgery, which does not cause cerebral infarction, but which does cause long-term reduction in cerebral blood flow (CBF) to the occluded side. Cognitive dysfunction in this mouse model has been demonstrated in behavioral experiments, but neuron density change was not found in a previous positron emission tomography (PET) study. As a next step, in this study we investigated the injury of neuronal fibers in chronic cerebral hypoperfusion model mice using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI)...
February 13, 2018: Magnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences: MRMS
Olivier Chevallier, Nan Zhou, Jian He, Romaric Loffroy, Yì Xiáng J Wáng
Background It has been reported that intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) diffusion magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan-rescan reproducibility is unsatisfactory. Purpose To study IVIM MRI parameter reproducibility for liver parenchyma after the removal of motion-contaminated and/or poorly fitted image data. Material and Methods Eighteen healthy volunteers had liver scans twice in the same session to assess scan-rescan repeatability, and again in another session after an average interval of 13 days to assess reproducibility...
January 1, 2018: Acta Radiologica
S N Chen, Y C Wang, Y L Feng, Y T Gao, S S Ju
Objective: To evaluate the application value of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) in detecting early-stage diabetic nephropathy and to assess the damage of ralated renal function. Methods: A total of 52 patients with type 2 diabetes diagnosed in Zhongda Hospital were collected from April 2016 to May 2017 and were assigned to DM group (diabetes without nephropathy, n=32) and DN group (diabetes with nephropathy, n=20) according to detection of microalbuminuria, a cohort of healthy recipients were included as control group (n=27) in the meantime...
January 30, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Francesca Patella, Giuseppe Franceschelli, Mario Petrillo, Mario Sansone, Roberta Fusco, Filippo Pesapane, Giovanni Pompili, Anna Maria Ierardi, Alberto Maria Saibene, Laura Moneghini, Federico Biglioli, Gianpaolo Carrafiello
AIM: To evaluate dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE)-MRI and diffusion weighted (DW)-MRI diagnostic value to differentiate Warthin tumors (WT) by pleomorphic adenomas (PA). MATERIALS & METHODS: Seven WT and seven PA were examined. DCE- and  DW-MRI parameters were extracted from volumes of interest; volume of interest-based averages and standard deviations were calculated. Statistical analysis included: linear discriminant analysis, receiver operating characteristic curves, sensitivity and specificity...
February 9, 2018: Future Oncology
Zhaoyan Feng, Xiangde Min, Liang Wang, Xu Yan, Basen Li, Zan Ke, Peipei Zhang, Huijuan You
The two-compartment intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) theory assumes that the transverse relaxation time is the same in both compartments. However, blood and tissue have different T2 values, and echo time (TE) may thus have an effect on the quantitative parameters of IVIM. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of TE on IVIM-DWI-derived parameters of the prostate. In total, 17 healthy volunteers underwent two repeat examinations. IVIM-DWI data were scanned 6 times with variable TE values of 60, 70, 80, 90, 100, and 120 ms...
February 7, 2018: Scientific Reports
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"