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Wanling Ma, Guangwen Zhang, Jing Ren, Qi Pan, Didi Wen, Jinman Zhong, Zhuoli Zhang, Yi Huan
Background: The aim of this study was to compare intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion weighted imaging (IVIM-DWI) parameters such as standard apparent diffusion coefficient (ADCstandard ), pure diffusion coefficient (Dslow ), pseudodiffusion coefficient (Dfast ) and perfusion fraction (ƒ) for differentiating pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) with different pathological grades. Methods: Institutional Review Board of our hospital approved this study protocol...
April 2018: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
Chao-Lian Xie, Mao Zhang, Yong Chen, Ran Hu, Meng-Yue Tang, Tian-Wu Chen, Hua-Dan Xue, Zheng-Yu Jin, Xiao-Ming Zhang
Background: To investigate the spleen and splenic vascular involvement in acute pancreatitis (AP) and their correlations with the severity of AP using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Methods: MRI of 239 patients with AP was retrospectively reviewed to assess splenic and splenic vascular complications, and the severity of AP. The severity of AP was graded by the MRI severity index (MRSI) and the New Revised Classification of AP 2012. The intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) parameters (D, D*, and f) of spleen were measured...
April 2018: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
Wei Zhao, Wenguang Liu, Huaping Liu, Xiaoping Yi, Jiale Hou, Yigang Pei, Hui Liu, Deyun Feng, Liyu Liu, Wenzheng Li
Microvascular invasion (MVI) is regarded as one of the independent risk factors for recurrence and poor prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The presence of MVI in HCCs was evaluated on the basis of pathological reports of surgical specimens and was defined as tumor within a vascular space lined by endothelium that was visible only on microscopy. The aim of the study was to investigate the usefulness of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) diffusion weighted (DW) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in predicting MVI of HCC...
2018: PloS One
Youping Xiao, Ying Chen, Yunbin Chen, Zhuangzhen He, Yiqi Yao, Jianji Pan
Purpose: Intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion-weighted imaging (IVIM-DWI) was evaluated regarding its ability to preliminarily predict the short-term treatment response of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) following intensity-modulated radiation therapy. Methods: IVIM-DWI with 14 b-factors (0-1,000 s/mm2) was performed with a 3T MR system on 47 consecutive NPCs before, during (end of the 5th, 10th, 15th, 20th, and 25th fractions), and after fractional radiotherapy...
May 14, 2018: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
Yì Xiáng J Wáng, Yáo T Li, Olivier Chevallier, Hua Huang, Jason Chi Shun Leung, Weitian Chen, Pu-Xuan Lu
Background Intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) tissue parameters depend on the threshold b-value. Purpose To explore how threshold b-value impacts PF ( f), Dslow ( D), and Dfast ( D*) values and their performance for liver fibrosis detection. Material and Methods Fifteen healthy volunteers and 33 hepatitis B patients were included. With a 1.5-T magnetic resonance (MR) scanner and respiration gating, IVIM data were acquired with ten b-values of 10, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100, 150, 200, 400, and 800 s/mm2 . Signal measurement was performed on the right liver...
January 1, 2018: Acta Radiologica
Kenneth Wengler, Takeshi Fukuda, Dharmesh Tank, Mingqian Huang, Elaine S Gould, Mark E Schweitzer, Xiang He
BACKGROUND: Limited microcirculation has been implicated in Achilles tendinopathy and may affect healing and disease progression. Existing invasive and noninvasive approaches to evaluate tendon microcirculation lack sensitivity and spatial coverage. PURPOSE: To develop a novel Achilles tendon intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) MRI protocol to overcome the limitations from low tendon T2 /T2 * value and low intratendinous blood volume and blood velocity to evaluate tendon microcirculation...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
Miaomiao Zhang, Yan Chen, Xinying Cong, Xinming Zhao
BACKGROUND: Preoperative accurate judgment of aggressiveness is of great importance to determine treatment and prognosis of bladder cancers. PURPOSE: To evaluate the utility of IVIM-MRI parameters in predicting aggressiveness of bladder urothelial carcinoma. STUDY TYPE: Prospective. POPULATION MODEL: Sixty-seven patients with bladder urothelial cancer. FIELD STRENGTH/SEQUENCE: 3.0 T/T2WI and IVIM-MRI...
May 8, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
Sungmin Woo, Jeong Yeon Cho, Sang Youn Kim, Seung Hyup Kim
PURPOSE: To evaluate the association of apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) MRI-derived parameters, and T2* relaxation time with histopathological changes observed during renal fibrogenesis in a rabbit model of unilateral ureter obstruction (UUO). METHODS: Twenty New Zealand White rabbits underwent baseline MRI followed by surgery (sham or UUO) and then follow-up MRI at postoperative day (POD) 0, 3, 7, and 14. Hematoxylin and eosin and Masson's trichrome staining was performed to evaluate cell density and area of fibrosis...
May 5, 2018: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Mou Li, Xing-Ju Zheng, Zi-Xing Huang, Bin Song
OBJECTIVE: To predict histological grade of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in Wistar rats using intravoxel incoherent motion imaging (IVIM) with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: Liver lesions of HCC rat models induced by oral diethylnitrosamine (DEN) were scanned by IVIM to obtain apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) and IVIM parameters,including true diffusion coefficient (D),pseudodiffusion coefficient (D*) and perfusion fraction (f). These HCC lesions were confirmed by Hematoxylin-Eosin (HE) stain and pathologically graded into low (grade Ⅰ+Ⅱ) and high (grade Ⅲ+Ⅳ) using the Edmondson-Steiner method...
March 2018: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
Shaocheng Zhu, Yi Wei, Feifei Gao, Linlin Li, Yuehua Liu, Zixing Huang, Hehan Tang, Dandan Zheng, Xiaocheng Wei, Tingyi Sun, Bin Song
BACKGROUND: The pathological grade of esophageal carcinoma is highly determinant of patient prognosis, but it still cannot be adequately evaluated preoperatively. Compared with conventional diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) diffusion-weighted MRI can separate true molecular diffusion and perfusion in tissues and has been shown to be useful in characterizing malignant tumors. There is no report that compared IVIM and conventional DWI in grading esophageal carcinoma...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
Dong-Aolei An, Bing-Hua Chen, Rui-Wu, Ruo-Yang Shi, Jun Bu, Heng Ge, Jiani Hu, Jian-Rong Xu, Lian-Ming Wu
BACKGROUND: Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide and places a significant financial burden on our society. PURPOSE: To determine the feasibility of cardiac intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) in the consecutive evaluation of myocardial perfusion in myocardial infarction patients postpercutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and to investigate the dynamic biological phenomena in myocardial perfusion after AMI. STUDY TYPE: Prospective observational study...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
F P Li, H Wang, J Hou, J Tang, Q Lu, L L Wang, X P Yu
AIM: To investigate the utility of intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion-weighted imaging (IVIM-DWI) in predicting the early response to concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-three patients with OSCC who received CRT underwent IVIM-DWI at three time points (before CRT, at the end of radiotherapy 20 Gy, and immediately after CRT). After CRT, the patients were divided into the responders (complete response or partial response) and the non-responders (stable disease) based on RECIST 1...
May 3, 2018: Clinical Radiology
Mami Iima, Masako Kataoka, Rena Sakaguchi, Shotaro Kanao, Natsuko Onishi, Makiko Kawai, Akane Ohashi, Katsutoshi Murata, Kaori Togashi
Purpose: To investigate the effect of breastfeeding on IVIM and non-Gaussian diffusion MRI in the breast. Materials and methods: An IRB approved prospective study enrolled seventeen volunteers (12 in lactation and 5 with post-weaning, range 31-43 years; mean 35.4 years). IVIM (fIVIM and D*) and non-Gaussian diffusion (ADC0 and K) parameters using 16 b values, plus synthetic apparent diffusion coefficients (sADCs) from 2 key b values (b = 200 and 1500 s/mm2 ) were calculated using regions of interest...
2018: European Journal of Radiology Open
Baolan Lu, Xinyue Yang, Xiaojuan Xiao, Yan Chen, Xu Yan, Shenping Yu
BACKGROUND Comprehensive and precise assessment of rectal carcinoma is crucial before surgery to plan an individual treatment strategy. New functional techniques, such as intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM), have emerged and could lead to more detailed information. The aim of this study was to evaluate the difference between the rectal tumor parenchyma and normal wall by IVIM and to explore the correlations of IVIM parameters and histopathology. MATERIAL AND METHODS We prospectively enrolled 128 patients with pathologically proven rectal non-mucinous carcinoma with differentiation degree and 16 patients with mucinous carcinoma...
April 21, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
P Mürtz, A M Sprinkart, M Reick, C C Pieper, A-H Schievelkamp, R König, H H Schild, W A Willinek, G M Kukuk
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate a simplified intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) approach of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) with four b-values for liver lesion characterisation at 1.5 T. METHODS: DWI data from a respiratory-gated MRI sequence with b = 0, 50, 250, 800 s/mm2 were retrospectively analysed in 173 lesions and 40 healthy livers. The apparent diffusion coefficient ADC = ADC(0,800) and IVIM-based parameters D1 ' = ADC(50,800), D2 ' =ADC(250,800), f1 ', f2 ', D*', ADClow = ADC(0,50), and ADCdiff =ADClow -D2 ' were calculated voxel-wise without fitting procedures...
April 18, 2018: European Radiology
Darya Morozov, Nibardo Lopez Rios, Tanguy Duval, Alexandru Foias, Julien Cohen-Adad
Cardiac-related spinal cord motion affects diffusion-weighted (DWI) signal. The goal of this study was to further quantify the specific detrimental effect of cord translational motion on the DWI signal in order to make better informed decisions about the cost-benefit of cardiac gating. We designed an MRI-compatible phantom mimicking the spinal cord translational motion. Cardiac-gated DWI data were acquired by varying the trigger delay and the b-values. Evaluation of the effect of motion on the DWI signal was done by computing the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) along (z-direction) and orthogonal (y- and x-directions) to the phantom...
April 4, 2018: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Oliver J Gurney-Champion, Remy Klaassen, Martijn Froeling, Sebastiano Barbieri, Jaap Stoker, Marc R W Engelbrecht, Johanna W Wilmink, Marc G Besselink, Arjan Bel, Hanneke W M van Laarhoven, Aart J Nederveen
The intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) model for diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) MRI data bears much promise as a tool for visualizing tumours and monitoring treatment response. To improve the currently poor precision of IVIM, several fit algorithms have been suggested. In this work, we compared the performance of two Bayesian IVIM fit algorithms and four other IVIM fit algorithms for pancreatic cancer imaging. DWI data were acquired in 14 pancreatic cancer patients during two MRI examinations. Three different measures of performance of the fitting algorithms were assessed: (i) uniqueness of fit parameters (Spearman's rho); (ii) precision (within-subject coefficient of variation, wCV); and (iii) contrast between tumour and normal-appearing pancreatic tissue...
2018: PloS One
Jun Yang, Chengde Liao, Yifan Liu, Guangjun Yang, Tengfei Ke, Yingying Ding, Qinqing Li
The beginning and the end of the vascular normalization window are not clear in response to anti-angiogenic therapies. We used dynamic contrast-enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) and intravoxel incoherent motion MRI (IVIM-MRI) to noninvasively evaluate the vascular normalization window. MRI was performed five times: before treatment and on the second, fourth, sixth and eighth days of treatment. Quantitative perfusion parameters were calculated at each time point, including the volume transfer coefficient (Ktrans), reverse transfer constant (Kep), pseudodiffusion coefficient (D* ) and perfusion fraction (f)...
February 23, 2018: Oncotarget
Shiteng Suo, Lan Zhang, Hui Tang, Qihong Ni, Suqin Li, Haimin Mao, Xiangyu Liu, Shengyun He, Jianxun Qu, Qing Lu, Jianrong Xu
BACKGROUND: Noninvasive cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) techniques including arterial spin labeling (ASL), blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD), and intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM), are capable of measuring tissue perfusion-related parameters. We sought to evaluate and compare these three CMR techniques in characterizing skeletal muscle perfusion in lower extremities and to investigate their abilities to diagnose and assess the severity of peripheral arterial disease (PAD)...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
Yi Deng, Biran Yang, Yan Peng, Zhiqiang Liu, Jinwen Luo, Guoxin Du
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to examine differences in kidney intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion-weighted imaging (IVIM-DWI) parameters in early-stage diabetic patients versus healthy controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nineteen type 2 diabetic patients (group A) with a urinary albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR) < 30 mg/g and an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of 80-120 mL/(min 1.73 m2 ) and twelve healthy volunteers (group B) were recruited...
March 14, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
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