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Mei Yuan, Xue-Hui Pu, Xiao-Quan Xu, Yu-Dong Zhang, Yan Zhong, Hai Li, Jiang-Fen Wu, Tong-Fu Yu
PURPOSE: To evaluate the diagnostic performance of extended models of diffusion-weighted (DW) imaging to help differentiate the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation status in stage IIIA-IV lung adenocarcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study had institutional research board approval and was HIPAA compliant. Preoperative extended DW imaging including intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) and diffusional kurtosis imaging (DKI) 3 Tesla MRI were retrospectively evaluated in 53 patients with pathologically confirmed non-early stage (IIIA-IV) lung adenocarcinoma...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
Y Y Yan, S Hartono, T Hennedige, T S Koh, C M Chan, L Zhou, H Rumpel, L Martarello, J B Khoo, D M Koh, K H Chuang, K H Tony Lim, Y Y Dan, C H Thng
INTRODUCTION: To assess if parameters in intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) can be used to evaluate early renal fibrosis in a mouse model of diabetic nephropathy. MATERIALS & METHODS: In a population of 38 male CD1 mice (8weeks old, 20-30g), streptozotocin induced diabetes was created in 20 mice via a single intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin at 150mg/kg, while 18 mice served as control group. IVIM parameters were acquired at 0, 12 and 24weeks after injection of streptozotocin using a range of b values from 0 to 1200s/mm(2)...
December 28, 2016: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Chen Chu, Nan Zhou, Huayong Zhang, Xin Dou, Ming Li, Song Liu, Yun Zhu, Weibo Chen, Queenie Chan, Jian He, Lingyun Sun, Zhengyang Zhou
PURPOSE: To explore the correlation between intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) magnetic resonance (MR) parameters and MR nodular grade of parotid glands in patients with Sjögren's syndrome (SS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 31 consecutive patients with SS and 28 gender- and age-matched healthy volunteers underwent bilateral parotid 3.0T MR examination including the IVIM sequence (9 b values, 0-800s/mm(2)). The apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), diffusion coefficient D, pseudo-diffusion coefficient D(*), and perfusion fraction f of bilateral parotid glands were obtained, and the nodular grade of each parotid gland was evaluated according to the MR morphological appearance...
January 2017: European Journal of Radiology
Lu Yiping, Shek Kawai, Wen Jianbo, Liu Li, Geng Daoying, Yin Bo
PURPOSE: To prospectively evaluate the usage of intra-voxel incoherent motion (IVIM) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) parameters in grading and differentiating histological subtypes of meningiomas and in comparing their ability with the traditional diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) parameter (apparent diffusion coefficient, ADC). METHODS: In this prospective study, 102 participants underwent IVIM MRI and DWI. Traditional DWI and IVIM MRI were performed by using 2 b values (0, 1000s/mm(2)) and 12 b values (0-3500s/mm(2)), respectively...
January 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Colleen Bailey, Bernard Siow, Eleftheria Panagiotaki, John H Hipwell, Thomy Mertzanidou, Julie Owen, Patrycja Gazinska, Sarah E Pinder, Daniel C Alexander, David J Hawkes
The diffusion signal in breast tissue has primarily been modelled using apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) and diffusion tensor (DT) models, which may be too simplistic to describe the underlying tissue microstructure. Formalin-fixed breast cancer samples were scanned using a wide range of gradient strengths, durations, separations and orientations. A variety of one- and two-compartment models were tested to determine which best described the data. Models with restricted diffusion components and anisotropy were selected in most cancerous regions and there were no regions in which conventional ADC or DT models were selected...
December 21, 2016: NMR in Biomedicine
Hildebrand Dijkstra, Matthijs Oudkerk, Peter Kappert, Paul E Sijens
PURPOSE: To investigate if intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) modeled diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) can be linked to contrast-enhanced (CE-)MRI in liver parenchyma and liver lesions. METHODS: Twenty-five patients underwent IVIM-DWI followed by multiphase CE-MRI using Gd-EOB-DTPA (n=20) or Gd-DOTA (n=5) concluded with IVIM-DWI. Diffusion (Dslow), microperfusion (Dfast), its fraction (ffast), wash-in-rate (Rearly) and late-enhancement-rate (Rlate) of Gd-EOB-DTPA were calculated voxel-wise for the liver...
December 18, 2016: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Hai-Bin Zhu, Xiao-Yan Zhang, Xiao-Hong Zhou, Xiao-Ting Li, Yu-Liang Liu, Shuai Wang, Ying-Shi Sun
PURPOSE: To assess stretched-exponential, mono-exponential and intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) models of diffusion-weighted MRI(DWI) in predicting pathological complete response (pCR) to neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) in rectal cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study recruited 98 consecutive patients with locally advanced rectal cancer who underwent 3 Tesla MR examination before, during and after CRT. The apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), IVIM-derived parameters (D, f, and D*), and stretched-exponential model-derived parameters (DDC and α) were measured...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
M L Ying, W W Xiao, S L Xu, J E Shu, J F Pan, J F Fu, J H Lu, Y H Pan, Y Jiang
Objective: To investigate the value of intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion-weighted imaging (IVIM-DWI) in the differential diagnosis and blood perfusion evaluation of benign and malignant hepatic lesions. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed for 86 patients (96 lesions) with pathologically or clinically confirmed hepatic lesions or hepatic lesions diagnosed based on follow-up results, among whom 48 had malignant lesions (53 lesions) and 38 had benign lesions (43 lesions). The patients underwent conventional magnetic resonance (MR) plain scan, contrast-enhanced scan, and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) with different b values (b = 0, 50, 100, 150, 200, 400, 600, 800, 1 000, and 1 200 s/mm(2)) to determine the parameters of the double exponential model for intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM): fast diffusion coefficient Dfast, slow diffusion coefficient Dslow, and percentage of fast-diffusion constituent F value...
November 20, 2016: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
Guangwen Zhang, Shuangshuang Wang, Didi Wen, Jing Zhang, Xiaocheng Wei, Wanling Ma, Weiwei Zhao, Mian Wang, Guosheng Wu, Jinsong Zhang
Water molecular diffusion in vivo tissue is much more complicated. We aimed to compare non-Gaussian diffusion models of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) including intra-voxel incoherent motion (IVIM), stretched-exponential model (SEM) and Gaussian diffusion model at 3.0 T MRI in patients with rectal cancer, and to determine the optimal model for investigating the water diffusion properties and characterization of rectal carcinoma. Fifty-nine consecutive patients with pathologically confirmed rectal adenocarcinoma underwent DWI with 16 b-values at a 3...
December 9, 2016: Scientific Reports
Feng Pan, Jie Den, Chunfang Zhang, He Wang, Jin Cheng, Weizhen Wu, Nan Hong, Yi Wang
PURPOSE: To exploit the intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) diffusion-weighted (DW) MRI when evaluating the therapeutic response of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) to Imatinib in a mouse model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mice with xenografts bearing cells from the GIST-T1 cell line were randomly divided into a treated group receiving Imatinib and a control group. DWMRI scans with 14 b-values (0-1500 s/mm2) were performed before and after treatment (days 1, 3 and 7)...
2016: PloS One
Gabrielle Fournet, Jing-Rebecca Li, Alex M Cerjanic, Bradley P Sutton, Luisa Ciobanu, Denis Le Bihan
IntraVoxel Incoherent Motion (IVIM) is a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique capable of measuring perfusion-related parameters. In this manuscript, we show that the mono-exponential model commonly used to process IVIM data might be challenged, especially at short diffusion times. Eleven rat datasets were acquired at 7T using a diffusion-weighted pulsed gradient spin echo sequence with b-values ranging from 7 to 2500 s/mm(2) at three diffusion times. The IVIM signals, obtained by removing the diffusion component from the raw MR signal, were fitted to the standard mono-exponential model, a bi-exponential model and the Kennan model...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Qian-Qian Gao, Shan-Shan Lu, Xiao-Quan Xu, Cheng-Jiang Wu, Xing-Long Liu, Sheng Liu, Hai-Bin Shi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) for the measurement of diffusion and perfusion parameters in hyperacute strokes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An embolic ischemic model was established with an autologous thrombus in 20 beagles. IVIM imaging was performed on a 3.0 Tesla platform at 4.5 h and 6 h after embolization. Ten b values from 0 to 900 s/mm(2) were fitted with a bi-exponential model to extract perfusion fraction f, diffusion coefficient D, and pseudo-diffusion coefficient D*...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
N P Jerome, J A d'Arcy, T Feiweier, D-M Koh, M O Leach, D J Collins, M R Orton
The bi-exponential intravoxel-incoherent-motion (IVIM) model for diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) fails to account for differential T 2 s in the model compartments, resulting in overestimation of pseudodiffusion fraction f. An extended model, T2-IVIM, allows removal of the confounding echo-time (TE) dependence of f, and provides direct compartment T 2 estimates. Two consented healthy volunteer cohorts (n  =  5, 6) underwent DWI comprising multiple TE/b-value combinations (Protocol 1: TE  =  62-102 ms, b  =  0-250 mm(-2)s, 30 combinations...
December 21, 2016: Physics in Medicine and Biology
Hyo Jung Park, Yu Sub Sung, Seung Soo Lee, Yedaun Lee, Hyunhee Cheong, Yeong Jae Kim, Moon-Gyu Lee
PURPOSE: To evaluate the influence of fitting methods on the accuracy and reliability of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) parameters, with a particular emphasis on the constraint function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Diffusion-weighted (DW) imaging data were analyzed using IVIM-based full-fitting (simultaneous fit of all parameters) and segmented-fitting (step-by-step fit of each parameter), each with and without the constraint function, to estimate the molecular diffusion coefficient (Dslow ), perfusion fraction (f), and flow-related diffusion coefficient (Dfast )...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
Ramesh Paudyal, Jung Hun Oh, Nadeem Riaz, Praveen Venigalla, Jingao Li, Vaios Hatzoglou, Jonathan Leeman, David Aramburu Nunez, Yonggang Lu, Joseph O Deasy, Nancy Lee, Amita Shukla-Dave
PURPOSE: Characterize and monitor treatment response in human papillomavirus (HPV) head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) using intra-treatment (intra-TX) imaging metrics derived from intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-four (30 HPV positive [+] and 4 HPV negative [-]) HNSCC patients underwent a total of 136 MRI including multi-b value DW-MRI (pretreatment [pre-TX] and intra-TX weeks 1, 2, and 3) at 3...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
Jun Seung Baik, Joon-Yong Jung, Won-Hee Jee, Chang-Woo Chun, Sun Ki Kim, Seung Han Shin, Yang Guk Chung, Chan-Kwon Jung, Stephan Kannengiesser, YoHan Sohn
PURPOSE: To explore magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) parameters from intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion-weighted imaging (IVIM-DWI), multiecho Dixon imaging (ME-Dixon), and dynamic contrast-enhanced imaging (DCE) for differentiating focal indeterminate marrow abnormalities MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-two patients with 14 benign and 28 malignant focal marrow abnormalities were included. The following were independently analyzed by two readers: signal intensity (SI), contour, and margin on conventional MR images; SI on b-800 images (SIb-800 ), apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), IVIM parameters (Dslow, Dfast , and f), fat fraction (Ff), and DCE parameters (time-to-signal intensity curve pattern, iAUC, K(trans) , kep , and ve )...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
Yuqin Ding, Mengsu Zeng, Shengxiang Rao, Caizhong Chen, Caixia Fu, Jianjun Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To compare the diagnostic accuracy of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM)-derived parameters and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in distinguishing between renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and fat poor angiomyolipoma (AML). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-three patients with pathologically confirmed renal tumors were included in the study. All patients underwent renal 1.5T MRI, including IVIM protocol with 8 b values (0-800 s/mm(2)). The ADC, diffusion coefficient (D), pseudodiffusion coefficient (D(*)), and perfusion fraction (f) were calculated...
November 2016: Korean Journal of Radiology: Official Journal of the Korean Radiological Society
Nan Zhou, Chen Chu, Xin Dou, Ming Li, Song Liu, Lijing Zhu, Baorui Liu, Tingting Guo, Weibo Chen, Jian He, Jing Yan, Zhengyang Zhou, Xiaofeng Yang, Tian Liu
BACKGROUND: Radiation-induced parotid damage is one of the most common complications in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) undergoing radiotherapy (RT). Intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging has been reported for evaluating irradiated parotid damage. However, the changes of IVIM perfusion-related parameters in irradiated parotid glands have not been confirmed by conventional perfusion measurements obtained from dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MR imaging...
November 8, 2016: BMC Cancer
Koung Mi Kang, Seung Hong Choi, Dong Eun Kim, Tae Jin Yun, Ji-Hoon Kim, Chul-Ho Sohn, Sun-Won Park
PURPOSE: To prospectively evaluate whether cardiac gating can improve the reproducibility of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) parameters in the head and neck, we performed IVIM diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) using 4 b values (4b), 4 b values with cardiac gating (4b gating) and 17 b values (17b). METHODS: We performed IVIM DWI twice per person on nine healthy volunteers using 4b, 4b gating and 17b and five patients with head and neck masses using 4b gating and 17b...
November 4, 2016: Magnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences: MRMS
Petra Mürtz, Arndt-Hendrik Penner, Anne-Kristina Pfeiffer, Alois M Sprinkart, Claus C Pieper, Roy König, Wolfgang Block, Hans H Schild, Winfried A Willinek, Guido M Kukuk
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate an intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) model-based analysis of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) for assessing the response of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) to locoregional therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Respiratory-gated DWI (b=0, 50, and 800 s/mm(2)) was retrospectively analyzed in 25 patients who underwent magnetic resonance imaging at 1.5 T before and 6 weeks following the first cycle of transarterial chemoembolization therapy, transarterial ethanol-lipiodol embolization therapy, and transarterial radioembolization therapy...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
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