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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515412/utility-of-a-hybrid-ivim-dki-model-to-predict-the-development-of-distant-metastasis-in-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-patients
#1
Noriyuki Fujima, Tomohiro Sakashita, Akihiro Homma, Daisuke Yoshida, Kohsuke Kudo, Hiroki Shirato
PURPOSE: To evaluate the diagnostic power of hybrid intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM)-diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) model parameters in pretreatment for the prediction of future distant metastasis in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 49 HNSCC patients who underwent curative chemoradiation therapy. Diffusion-weighted image (DWI) acquired by single-shot spin-echo echo-planar imaging with 12 b-values (0-2000) was performed in all patients before any treatment...
May 18, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medical Sciences: MRMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514763/the-value-of-diffusion-kurtosis-imaging-in-assessing-pathological-complete-response-to-neoadjuvant-chemoradiation-therapy-in-rectal-cancer-a-comparison-with-conventional-diffusion-weighted-imaging
#2
Feixiang Hu, Wei Tang, Yiqun Sun, Dang Wan, Sanjun Cai, Zhen Zhang, Robert Grimm, Xu Yan, Caixia Fu, Tong Tong, Weijun Peng
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to comprehensively evaluate the advantage of diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) in distinguishing pathological complete response (pCR) from non-pCR patients with locally advanced rectal cancer (LARC) after neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy (CRT) in comparison to conventional diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifty-six consecutive patients diagnosed with LARC were prospectively enrolled and underwent pre- and post-CRT MRI on a 3...
April 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509567/early-evaluation-of-radiation-induced-parotid-damage-with-diffusion-kurtosis-imaging-a-preliminary-study
#3
Nan Zhou, Weibo Chen, Xia Pan, Jian He, Jing Yan, Zhengyang Zhou, Xiaofeng Yang
Background Radiation-induced parotid gland damage is a common complication of radiotherapy (RT) in patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), which always causes xerostomia, dysphagia, dental caries, and even sleep disorders. Early evaluation of radiation-induced parotid damage is required to facilitate early interventions. Purpose To early-evaluate radiation-induced parotid damage using diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) in patients with NPC undergoing RT. Material and Methods Thirty-two patients with NPC underwent DKI for parotid glands pre-RT (two weeks before RT), mid-RT (five weeks after RT began), and post-RT (four weeks after RT)...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484279/diffusion-kurtosis-imaging-of-microstructural-alterations-in-the-brains-of-paediatric-patients-with-congenital-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#4
Wenbin Zheng, Chunxiao Wu, Lexing Huang, Renhua Wu
Our aim was to assess microstructural alterations in the cerebrums of paediatric patients with congenital sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) using diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI). Seventy-two paediatric SNHL patients and 38 age-matched healthy volunteers were examined via DKI using a 3.0 T magnetic resonance (MR) imager. Fractional anisotropy (FA) and mean kurtosis (MK) values were computed for 12 cerebral regions in both the controls and the SNHL patients. Compared with patients below age 3, patients in the older age group were found to have more significant differences in MK than in FA, and these appeared in more major areas of the brain...
May 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470878/gray-matter-abnormalities-in-idiopathic-parkinson-s-disease-evaluation-by-diffusional-kurtosis-imaging-and-neurite-orientation-dispersion-and-density-imaging
#5
Koji Kamagata, Andrew Zalesky, Taku Hatano, Ryo Ueda, Maria Angelique Di Biase, Ayami Okuzumi, Keigo Shimoji, Masaaki Hori, Karen Caeyenberghs, Christos Pantelis, Nobutaka Hattori, Shigeki Aoki
Mapping gray matter (GM) pathology in Parkinson's disease (PD) with conventional MRI is challenging, and the need for more sensitive brain imaging techniques is essential to facilitate early diagnosis and assessment of disease severity. GM microstructure was assessed with GM-based spatial statistics applied to diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) and neurite orientation dispersion imaging (NODDI) in 30 participants with PD and 28 age- and gender-matched controls. These were compared with currently used assessment methods such as diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), voxel-based morphometry (VBM), and surface-based cortical thickness analysis...
May 4, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454487/diffusion-kurtosis-imaging-of-the-liver-at-3-tesla-in%C3%A2-vivo-comparison-to-standard-diffusion-weighted-imaging
#6
Johannes Budjan, Elke A Sauter, Frank G Zoellner, Andreas Lemke, Jens Wambsganss, Stefan O Schoenberg, Ulrike I Attenberger
Background Functional techniques like diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) are gaining more and more importance in liver magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) is an advanced technique that might help to overcome current limitations of DWI. Purpose To evaluate DKI for the differentiation of hepatic lesions in comparison to conventional DWI at 3 Tesla. Material and Methods Fifty-six consecutive patients were examined using a routine abdominal MR protocol at 3 Tesla which included DWI with b-values of 50, 400, 800, and 1000 s/mm(2)...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448817/automated-detection-of-pathologic-white-matter-alterations-in-alzheimer-s-disease-using-combined-diffusivity-and-kurtosis-method
#7
Yuanyuan Chen, Miao Sha, Xin Zhao, Jianguo Ma, Hongyan Ni, Wei Gao, Dong Ming
Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) are important diffusion MRI techniques for detecting microstructure abnormities in diseases such as Alzheimer's. The advantages of DKI over DTI have been reported generally; however, the indistinct relationship between diffusivity and kurtosis has not been clearly revealed in clinical settings. In this study, we hypothesize that the combination of diffusivity and kurtosis in DKI improves the capacity of DKI to detect Alzheimer's disease compared with diffusivity or kurtosis alone...
April 12, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448418/effects-of-b-value-on-quantification-of-rapid-diffusion-kurtosis-imaging-in-normal-and-acute-ischemic-brain-tissues
#8
Ming-Chung Chou, Cheng-Wen Ko, Yu-Hsien Chiu, Hsiao-Wen Chung, Ping-Hong Lai
PURPOSE: Diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) has been widely used to characterize brain tissue alterations. Diffusion-weighting factor or b value plays an important role in the measurement of rapid DKI and may have influential effects on them. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of b value on rapid DKI indices in normal and acute ischemic brain tissues. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study enrolled 10 healthy subjects and 4 acute ischemic stroke patients...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447147/diffusion-kurtosis-as-an-in-vivo-imaging-marker-of-early-radiation-induced-changes-in-radiation-induced-temporal-lobe-necrosis-in-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-patients
#9
Lu Liyan, Wang Si, Wang Qian, Shao Yuhui, Wei Xiaoer, Li Yuehua, Li Wenbin
PURPOSE: Diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI), an extension of the popular diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) model, has been applied in clinical studies of brain tissue changes. We explored the value of DKI for the early detection of radiation-induced changes in temporal lobe necrosis (TLN) after radiotherapy (RT) for nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). METHODS: A total of 400 patients with NPC were retrospectively enrolled; all participants underwent MRI scans 0-7 days before RT, at 4 weeks during RT, and 1 month after completing RT...
April 26, 2017: Clinical Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438531/altered-gray-and-white-matter-microstructure-in-cushing-s-disease-a-diffusional-kurtosis-imaging-study
#10
Hong Jiang, Na-Ying He, Yu-Hao Sun, Fang-Fang Jian, Liu-Guan Bian, Jian-Kang Shen, Fu-Hua Yan, Si-Jian Pan, Qing-Fang Sun
Exposure to chronic hypercortisolism has multiple adverse effects on brain biology in humans. Cushing's disease (CD) represents a unique and natural human model for examining the effects of hypercortisolism on the brain. This cross-sectional study used Diffusional Kurtosis Imaging (DKI) to investigate the microstructure alterations in both white matter (WM) and gray matter (GM) of CD patients and to determine the relationship of these changes with clinical characteristics. DKI images were obtained from 15 active CD patients...
April 21, 2017: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424656/empirical-comparison-of-diffusion-kurtosis-imaging-and-diffusion-basis-spectrum-imaging-using-the-same-acquisition-in-healthy-young-adults
#11
Sijia Wang, Daniel J Peterson, Yong Wang, Qing Wang, Thomas J Grabowski, Wenbin Li, Tara M Madhyastha
As diffusion tensor imaging gains widespread use, many researchers have been motivated to go beyond the tensor model and fit more complex diffusion models, to gain a more complete description of white matter microstructure and associated pathology. Two such models are diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) and diffusion basis spectrum imaging (DBSI). It is not clear which DKI parameters are most closely related to DBSI parameters, so in the interest of enabling comparisons between DKI and DBSI studies, we conducted an empirical survey of the interrelation of these models in 12 healthy volunteers using the same diffusion acquisition...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386368/diffusional-kurtosis-imaging-in-evaluating-the-secondary-change-of-corticospinal-tract-after-unilateral-cerebral-infarction
#12
Shun Zhang, Wenjie Zhu, Yan Zhang, Yihao Yao, Jingjing Shi, Cong-Yi Wang, Wenzhen Zhu
We investigated to evaluate whether diffusional kurtosis imaging (DKI) can early detect the microstructure change of corticospinal tract (CST) after unilateral cerebral infarction solely in middle cerebral artery (MCA) territory. Seventy-seven patients with MCA territory infarct consisting of 10 subjects of hyperacute phase, 22 subjects of acute phase, 28 subjects of subacute phase and 17 subjects of chronic phase were enrolled in this study. ROI method was performed to measure the mean value of the infarcted area and the areas which belongs to CST [including the posterior limb of internal capsule (PLIC), cerebral peduncle (CP), pons, and medulla] in both ipsilateral and contralateral mirror side in all the DKI-derived parametric maps...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383279/accuracy-of-diffusion-kurtosis-imaging-in-characterization-of-breast-lesions
#13
Alexandra Christou, Abraham Ghiatas, Dimitrios Priovolos, Konstantia Veliou, Haralambos Bougias
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of diffusion kurtosis in the characterization and differentiation of breast lesions. METHODS: 49 females with 53 breast lesions underwent breast MRI. The MRI magnetic field is 1.5 T, and the protocol is standard MRI sequences, dynamic sequences pre- and post-contrast agent administration and diffusion images. Diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) was applied as part of our standard breast MRΙ protocol. Two experienced radiologists on breast MRI, blinded to the final diagnosis, reviewed the parametric maps and placed a volume of interest on all slices including each lesion...
May 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381389/assessment-of-chemotherapy-response-in-non-hodgkin-lymphoma-involving-the-neck-utilizing-diffusion-kurtosis-imaging-a-preliminary-study
#14
Rui Wu, Shi Teng Suo, Lian Ming Wu, Qiu Ying Yao, Hong Xia Gong, Jian Rong Xu
PURPOSE: We aimed to examine the utility of non-Gaussian diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) for assessment of chemotherapy response in patients with cervical (neck) non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). METHODS: Patients with cervical NHL underwent 3.0 T magnetic resonance imaging with maximal b value of 2000 s/mm2 at baseline and seven days after chemotherapy onset. Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value and diffusion kurtosis imaging maps for diffusion coefficient (D) and kurtosis (K) were calculated...
May 2017: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374077/machine-learning-based-analysis-of-mr-radiomics-can-help-to-improve-the-diagnostic-performance-of-pi-rads-v2-in-clinically-relevant-prostate-cancer
#15
Jing Wang, Chen-Jiang Wu, Mei-Ling Bao, Jing Zhang, Xiao-Ning Wang, Yu-Dong Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether machine learning-based analysis of MR radiomics can help improve the performance PI-RADS v2 in clinically relevant prostate cancer (PCa). METHODS: This IRB-approved study included 54 patients with PCa undergoing multi-parametric (mp) MRI before prostatectomy. Imaging analysis was performed on 54 tumours, 47 normal peripheral (PZ) and 48 normal transitional (TZ) zone based on histological-radiological correlation. Mp-MRI was scored via PI-RADS, and quantified by measuring radiomic features...
April 3, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349894/application-value-of-diffusional-kurtosis-imaging-dki-in-evaluating-microstructural-changes-in-the-spinal-cord-of-patients-with-early-cervical-spondylotic-myelopathy
#16
Daowei Li, Xiaoming Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the application value of diffusional kurtosis imaging (DKI) in evaluating microstructural changes in the spinal cord of patients with early cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Twenty-five patients with early clinical stage CSM and twenty-five healthy controls underwent 3.0T MR scans with conventional MRI sequences and DKI with echo-planar imaging (EPI) sequence. DKI metrics such as fractional anisotropy (FA), mean diffusivity (MD), and mean diffusional kurtosis (MK) values were calculated separately for white matter (WM) and gray matter (GM)...
March 19, 2017: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339422/diffusion-kurtosis-imaging-for-diagnosis-of-parkinson-s-disease-a-novel-software-tool-proposal
#17
Cruz Gloria, Sheng Dong Nie
In order to diagnose Parkinson disease (PD) at an early stage, it is important to develop a sensitive method for detecting structural changes in the substantia nigra (SN). Diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) have become important tools in supporting diagnosis of PD, with findings based on increased apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs) in basal ganglia and decreased fractional anisotropy (FA) in SN. Based on the hypothesis that a diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) theory is a valuable method for PD diagnosis based on the non-Gaussian diffusion of water in biologic systems, the purpose of this study is to develop an image processing scheme (software) based on Image-J for the facilitating the application of DKI to assist PD diagnosis...
March 21, 2017: Journal of X-ray Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328072/tensor-estimation-for-double-pulsed-diffusional-kurtosis-imaging
#18
Calvin B Shaw, Edward S Hui, Joseph A Helpern, Jens H Jensen
Double-pulsed diffusional kurtosis imaging (DP-DKI) represents the double diffusion encoding (DDE) MRI signal in terms of six-dimensional (6D) diffusion and kurtosis tensors. Here a method for estimating these tensors from experimental data is described. A standard numerical algorithm for tensor estimation from conventional (i.e. single diffusion encoding) diffusional kurtosis imaging (DKI) data is generalized to DP-DKI. This algorithm is based on a weighted least squares (WLS) fit of the signal model to the data combined with constraints designed to minimize unphysical parameter estimates...
March 22, 2017: NMR in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323371/diffusional-kurtosis-imaging-of-parotid-glands-in-sj%C3%A3-gren-s-syndrome-initial-findings
#19
Chen Chu, Huayong Zhang, Nan Zhou, Xin Dou, Ming Li, Song Liu, Yun Zhu, Chun Wang, Weibo Chen, Queenie Chan, Lingyun Sun, Jian He, Zhengyang Zhou
PURPOSE: To explore the role of diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) of parotid glands in diagnosing Sjögren's syndrome (SS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 40 patients with SS and 40 healthy volunteers underwent 3.0T magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) including DKI, which generated the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), corrected diffusion (D), and diffusional kurtosis (K) values. The MR nodular grade was determined on the basis of MR morphological findings. RESULTS: The parotid ADC, D, and K values in patients with SS were significantly higher than those of healthy volunteers (P = 0...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295854/diffusion-kurtosis-imaging-for-differentiating-borderline-from-malignant-epithelial-ovarian-tumors-a-correlation-with-ki-67-expression
#20
Hai Ming Li, Shu Hui Zhao, Jin Wei Qiang, Guo Fu Zhang, Feng Feng, Feng Hua Ma, Yong Ai Li, Wei Yong Gu
PURPOSE: To investigate the use of diffusion kurtosis imaging (DKI) in differentiating borderline from malignant epithelial ovarian tumors (MEOTs) and to correlate DKI parameters with Ki-67 expression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-two consecutive patients with epithelial ovarian tumors (17 borderline epithelial ovarian tumors, BEOTs; 35 MEOTs) were prospectively evaluated using DKI with b values of 0, 500, 1000, 1500, 2000, and 2500 s/mm(2) and standard diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) with b values of 0 and 1000 s/mm(2) using a 1...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
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