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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050446/management-of-mycoses-in-daily-practice
#1
Lorenzo Drago, Giuseppe Micali, Manuela Papini, Bianca M Piraccini, Stefano Veraldi
The guideline recommendations, albeit founded on thorough reviews of clinically relevant literature data, are often not immediately adaptable to everyday life. Considering the marked heterogeneity of superficial mycoses, each of them requires specific management in a real life context; in all cases diagnostic confirmation is required with microscopic and culture examination. In tinea capitis oral therapy is necessary (minimum six weeks) and should be continued until clinical and, above all, mycological healing...
December 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050434/microbial-loads-and-antibiotic-resistance-patterns-of-staphylococcus-aureus-in-different-types-of-raw-poultry-based-meat-preparations
#2
Laura Buzón-Durán, Rosa Capita, Carlos Alonso-Calleja
The hygiene status of raw chicken-meat preparations from retail outlets in North-Western Spain was investigated. Microbial counts (aerobic plate counts (APCs), psychrotrophs, Enterobacteriaceae, fecal coliforms, enterococci, pseudomonads, fluorescent pseudomonads, yeasts and molds, and Staphylococcus aureus) were determined for minced meat, hamburgers, nuggets, white sausages, red sausages, escalope, and roll-ups. S. aureus isolates were tested for susceptibility to twenty antimicrobials of veterinary and human clinical significance (disc diffusion method, CLSI)...
September 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050399/diagnostic-criteria-for-chronic-lymphocytic-inflammation-with-pontine-perivascular-enhancement-responsive-to-steroids-clippers
#3
W Oliver Tobin, Yong Guo, Karl N Krecke, Joseph E Parisi, Claudia F Lucchinetti, Sean J Pittock, Jay Mandrekar, Divyanshu Dubey, Jan Debruyne, B Mark Keegan
Chronic lymphocytic inflammation with pontine perivascular enhancement responsive to steroids (CLIPPERS) is a central nervous system inflammatory syndrome predominantly affecting the brainstem, cerebellum, and spinal cord. Following its initial description, the salient features of CLIPPERS have been confirmed and expanded upon, but the lack of formalized diagnostic criteria has led to reports of patients with dissimilar features purported to have CLIPPERS. We evaluated clinical, radiological and pathological features of patients referred for suspected CLIPPERS and propose diagnostic criteria to discriminate CLIPPERS from non-CLIPPERS aetiologies...
September 1, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050387/temporal-lobe-networks-supporting-the-comprehension-of-spoken-words
#4
Leonardo Bonilha, Argye E Hillis, Gregory Hickok, Dirk B den Ouden, Chris Rorden, Julius Fridriksson
Auditory word comprehension is a cognitive process that involves the transformation of auditory signals into abstract concepts. Traditional lesion-based studies of stroke survivors with aphasia have suggested that neocortical regions adjacent to auditory cortex are primarily responsible for word comprehension. However, recent primary progressive aphasia and normal neurophysiological studies have challenged this concept, suggesting that the left temporal pole is crucial for word comprehension. Due to its vasculature, the temporal pole is not commonly completely lesioned in stroke survivors and this heterogeneity may have prevented its identification in lesion-based studies of auditory comprehension...
September 1, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050345/differential-diagnosis-of-hemangiomas-from-spinal-osteolytic-metastases-using-3-0-t-mri-comparison-of-t1-weighted-imaging-chemical-shift-imaging-diffusion-weighted-and-contrast-enhanced-imaging
#5
Yan-Jie Shi, Xiao-Ting Li, Xiao-Yan Zhang, Yu-Liang Liu, Lei Tang, Ying-Shi Sun
The retrospective study investigated accuracy of quantitative evaluation of T1-weighted imaging (T1WI) with and without fat suppression (FS), chemical-shift, diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and enhanced imaging at 3.0 T MRI for distinguishing spinal hemangiomas from metastases. 27 patients with 33 spinal hemangiomas (15 atypical hemangiomas) and 26 patients with 71 metastases were recruited. T1WI, FS T1WI, in- and out-phase, DWI and enhanced T1WI were acquired. Signal intensities (SIs) of lesions were obtained...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050274/apparent-diffusion-coefficient-histogram-analysis-can-evaluate-radiation-induced-parotid-damage-and-predict-late-xerostomia-degree-in-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma
#6
Nan Zhou, Tingting Guo, Huanhuan Zheng, Xia Pan, Chen Chu, Xin Dou, Ming Li, Song Liu, Lijing Zhu, Baorui Liu, Weibo Chen, Jian He, Jing Yan, Zhengyang Zhou, Xiaofeng Yang
We investigated apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) histogram analysis to evaluate radiation-induced parotid damage and predict xerostomia degrees in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) patients receiving radiotherapy. The imaging of bilateral parotid glands in NPC patients was conducted 2 weeks before radiotherapy (time point 1), one month after radiotherapy (time point 2), and four months after radiotherapy (time point 3). From time point 1 to 2, parotid volume, skewness, and kurtosis decreased (P < 0.001, = 0...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050239/application-of-in-vivo-imaging-techniques-to-monitor-therapeutic-efficiency-of-plx4720-in-an-experimental-model-of-microsatellite-instable-colorectal-cancer
#7
Sarah Rohde, Tobias Lindner, Stefan Polei, Jan Stenzel, Luise Borufka, Sophie Achilles, Eric Hartmann, Falko Lange, Claudia Maletzki, Michael Linnebacher, Änne Glass, Sarah Marie Schwarzenböck, Jens Kurth, Alexander Hohn, Brigitte Vollmar, Bernd Joachim Krause, Robert Jaster
OBJECTIVES: Patient-derived tumor cell lines are a powerful tool to analyze the sensitivity of individual tumors to specific therapies in mice. An essential prerequisite for such an approach are reliable quantitative techniques to monitor tumor progression in vivo. METHODS: We have employed HROC24 cells, grown heterotopically in NMRI Foxn1(nu) mice, as a model of microsatellite instable colorectal cancer to investigate the therapeutic efficiencies of 5'-fluorouracil (5'-FU) and the mutant BRAF inhibitor PLX4720, a vemurafenib analogue, by three independent methods: external measurement by caliper, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) with 2-deoxy-2-((18)F)fluoro-D-glucose ((18)F-FDG)...
September 19, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050166/-clinic-pathological-and-ultrasonographic-features-of-primary-thyroid-lymphoma
#8
X M Zhang, L Nong, X Ran, M Li
Objective: To analyze the ultrasonographic and clinicopathological features of primary thyroid lymphoma(PTL). Methods: The ultrasonographic and clinicopathological featuresof 21 cases of pathologically-confirmed PTLs were analyzed retrospectively. Results: Of all 21 PTLs, 15 cases were diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, 4 were mucosal-associated lymphoid tissue extranodular marginal zone B-cell lymphoma, 1 was small B-cell lymphoma and 1 was classical Hodgkin lymphoma. Eight cases were proved by pathology with concomitant Hashimoto's thyroiditis...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050160/-value-of-mdixon-quant-sequence-diffusion-weighted-imaging-in-quantitatively-diagnosing-the-sacroiliitis-stages
#9
Y Y An, H X Li, Y Zhan, X W Lei
Objective: To evaluate the value of mDIXON-Quant sequence, diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in quantitative diagnosing of the sacroiliitis stages in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). Methods: Based on the Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Activity Index (BASDAI) and laboratory parameters, a total of 51 patients were diagnosed with AS. They were divided into two groups as early active group (n=20) and chronic active group (n=31), and at the same time, 25 healthy people from Tianjin were included as control group...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050159/-value-of-diffusion-weighted-imaging-in-differentiating-sellar-malignant-germ-cell-tumors-from-raniopharyngioma
#10
Y F Guo, J L Cheng, Y Zhang, C Y Zhang, W J Wang
Objective: To investigate the diagnostic value of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and apparent diffusion coefficient(ADC) values in the differentiation of sellar malignant germ cell tumors and raniopharyngioma. Methods: This retrospective study included 36 patients(14 cases of malignant germ cell tumor and 22 patients with raniopharyngioma) with histopathologically-confirmed sellar tumors from January 2013 to April 2017 in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University.All patients underwent conventional MRI and DWI before the treatment...
October 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050131/-desquamative-interstitial-pneumonia-report-of-one-case-and-review-of-literature
#11
Y Ju, H X Ke, X F Zhong, F Fang, Y M Li
Objective: To analyze the clinical features, diagnosis, and treatment of desquamative interstitial pneumonia(DIP). Methods: The clinical manifestation, radiology, and pathology were analyzed in one patient with DIP in Beijing Hospital following review of the literatures. Results: The patient was a 55-year-old male presented with cough, shortness of breath and hypoxemia.Previous history of smoking and exposure to a variety of metals. A CT scan of the chest revealed diffuse ground-glass densities. A diagnosis of desquamative interstitial pneumonia (DIP) was confirmed by a thoracoscopic open lung biopsy...
October 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050127/-immune-related-pneumonitis-caused-by-programmed-death-1-inhibitor-pembrolizumab-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#12
Y L Chen, J Zhao, R Jia, H Y Wang, J Zheng, C Q Bai, M Z Wang, J M Xu
Objective: To investigate the risk factors, clinical manifestations, radiological features, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of immune-related pneumonitis caused by programmed death-1(PD-1)/PD-L1 inhibitors. Methods: The clinical data of immune-related pneumonitis caused by PD-1 inhibitor Pembrolizumab in a patient with advanced esophageal carcinoma admitted to the 307(th) Hospital of Chinese People's Liberation Army was retrospectively analyzed and the related literatures were reviewed. We searched Medline database using the keywords"PD-1 inhibitor","PD-L1 inhibitor","Pembrolizumab","Nivolumab","Atezolizumab"combined with"Pneumonitis"by Mar 31, 2017...
October 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050126/-clinical-analysis-of-rituximab-induced-interstitial-lung-disease
#13
C Huang, Z W Lu, Y Q Yang, H Chen, D P Huang, H S He
Objective: To investigate the clinical characteristics, diagnosis-treatment points and prognosis of rituximab-induced interstitial lung disease (R-ILD), and to improve the recognition of this disease. Methods: The clinical data on 4 cases of R-ILD were analyzed retrospectively, and the related literatures were reviewed. The literature review was carried out respectively in Wanfang Data, CNKI and PubMed by October 2016 with"rituximab"and"interstitial lung disease"or"interstitial pneumonitis"as the search terms...
October 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050119/-feasibility-of-domestic-18-f-dopa-pet-ct-scanning-in-the-differential-diagnosis-of-pancreatic-lesions-in-children-with-hyperinsulinemic-hypoglycemia
#14
M Y Zhang, J J Ge, Z Pei, K R Dong, L Chen, X Wang, Z W Zhang, X J Li, L Xi, R Q Cheng, G P Lu, Y H Guan, F H Luo
Objective: To study the feasibility of (18)F-fluoro-L-dihydroxyphenylalanine positron emission tomography/Computed tomography ((18)F-DOPA PET/CT) scanning in the localization and differential diagnosing of focal versus diffuse form of pancreas lesions in patients with hyperinsulinemic hypoglycemia (HH). Method: Twenty-four patients were diagnosed with HH between January, 2016 and February, 2017 in the Department of Pediatric Endocrinology and Inherited Metabolic Diseases, Children's Hospital of Fudan University using an integrated clinical and biochemical diagnostic protocol, domestic (18)F-DOPA PET/CT imaging technique were applied after MRI and ultrasound failed to detect pancreas lesions...
October 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050112/-clinical-pathologic-characteristics-and-treatment-outcomes-of-19-relapsed-pediatric-b-cell-lymphoma
#15
S Huang, L Jin, J Yang, Y L Duan, M Zhang, C J Zhou, X L Ma, Y H Zhang
Objective: To review the clinical-pathology characteristics of 19 relapsed pediatric mature B cell lymphoma and to find the risk factors for recurrence and the feasible treatment after relapse. Method: Data of 212 pediatric B cell lymphomas cases in Beijing Children's Hospital from January 2006 to June 2015 were collected retrospectively. All the patients were treated according to the B cell lymphoma regimen of Beijing Children's Hospital. During the study period, 19 of 212 cases were relapsed; the clinio-pathological characteristics of relapsed patients before treatment and after relapse were analyzed retrospectively, the treatment outcomes after relapse were summarized and the patients were followed-up...
October 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050070/-application-of-atrx-in-diagnosis-and-prognostic-evaluation-of-glioma
#16
Z Li, Y S Piao, L Y Zhang, L M Wang, D D Wang, Y J Fu, Y N Cai, D H Lu
Objective: To investigate the diagnostic and prognostic implications of ATRX mutation and p53 mutation in patients with glioma. Methods: The clinicopathologic and molecular features of Chinese adult glioma patients, including diffuse and anaplastic astroastrocytoma with IDH mutation, oligodendroglioma and anaplastic oligodendroglioma with IDH mutation and 1p/19q co-deletion and diffuse astroastrocytoma with IDH wild type were reviewed and tested for ATRX loss expression and p53 overexpression. Results: Loss of ATRX expression was seen in 85...
October 8, 2017: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049867/ion-pair-and-solvation-dynamics-of-bmim-bf4-water-system
#17
João Cascão, Wagner Silva, Ana S D Ferreira, Eurico J Cabrita
In this work, [Bmim][BF4 ]/water mixtures were analysed over the whole water composition (xw ) in order to study the rotational and translational behaviour of the ions. We employed a multinuclear NMR approach to determine anion/cation/water diffusion coefficients and longitudinal relaxation rates at different water content. In neat IL the cation diffuses faster than the anion and at low xw anions and cations share almost the same diffusion coefficient, but above a critical water concentration the anion begins to diffuse faster than the cation...
October 19, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry: MRC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049742/preoperative-six-minute-walk-distance-is-associated-with-pneumonia-after-lung-resection
#18
Keiko Hattori, Toshiaki Matsuda, Yui Takagi, Motoki Nagaya, Takayuki Inoue, Yoshihiro Nishida, Yoshinori Hasegawa, Koji Kawaguchi, Takayuki Fukui, Naoki Ozeki, Kohei Yokoi, Satoru Ito
OBJECTIVES: Little is known about the relationship between preoperative physical fitness and postoperative pneumonia after lung resection. We examined the association between preoperative 6-min walk distance (6MWD) and postoperative pneumonia. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on patients with malignant lung tumours who were scheduled to undergo lung resection at Nagoya University Hospital from January 2014 to December 2015. Preoperative pulmonary function tests and the 6-min walk test were assessed...
September 26, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049733/tunneling-nanotubes-are-novel-cellular-structures-that-communicate-signals-between-trabecular-meshwork-cells
#19
Kate E Keller, John M Bradley, Ying Ying Sun, Yong-Feng Yang, Ted S Acott
Purpose: The actin cytoskeleton of trabecular meshwork (TM) cells plays a role in regulating aqueous humor outflow. Many studies have investigated stress fibers, but F-actin also assembles into other supramolecular structures including filopodia. Recently, specialized filopodia called tunneling nanotubes (TNTs) have been described, which communicate molecular signals and organelles directly between cells. Here, we investigate TNT formation by TM cells. Methods: Human TM cells were labeled separately with the fluorescent dyes, DiO and DiD, or with mitochondrial dye...
October 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049686/national-practice-variation-in-pneumonectomy-perioperative-care-among-canadian-thoracic-surgeons
#20
Biniam Kidane, John K Peel, Andrew Seely, Richard A Malthaner, Christian Finley, Sean Grondin, Brian E Louie, Sadeesh Srinathan, Gail E Darling
OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to assess perioperative pneumonectomy practices among Canadian thoracic surgeons as part of a quality-improvement initiative to determine practice variability and identify areas for study/improvement. METHODS: After several rounds of survey development and piloting, a 29-item survey was distributed using the Dillman method to all practicing members of the Canadian Association of Thoracic Surgeons. RESULTS: The response rate was 87% (62 of 71)...
July 28, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
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