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Non ischemic cardiomyopathy

Alessandro Zorzi, Angela Susana, Manuel De Lazzari, Federico Migliore, Giovanni Vescovo, Daniele Scarpa, Anna Baritussio, Giuseppe Tarantini, Luisa Cacciavillani, Benedetta Giorgi, Cristina Basso, Sabino Iliceto, Chiara Bucciarelli Ducci, Domenico Corrado, Martina Perazzolo Marra
BACKGROUND: In patients who survived out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) it is crucial to establish the underlying cause and its potential reversibility. OBJECTIVE: We assessed the incremental diagnostic and prognostic role of early cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) in survivors of OHCA. METHODS: Among 139 consecutive OHCA patients, we enrolled 44 (median age 43 years; 84% males) patients who underwent coronary angiography and CMR ≤7 days after admission...
March 14, 2018: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
Andrea Igoren Guaricci, Pier Giorgio Masci, Valentina Lorenzoni, Jurg Schwitter, Gianluca Pontone
BACKGROUND: Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) represents the most valuable sudden cardiac death (SCD) prophylactic strategy in patients with heart failure and severely reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). To date, it is still unknown how to integrate the information given by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) into clinical and transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) work-up of non-ischemic cardiomyopathy (NICM) and ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) patients for accurate risk stratification...
March 11, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Susanne Röger, Stefanie L Rosenkaimer, Anna Hohneck, Siegfried Lang, Ibrahim El-Battrawy, Boris Rudic, Erol Tülümen, Ksenija Stach, Jürgen Kuschyk, Ibrahim Akin, Martin Borggrefe
BACKGROUND: The wearable cardioverter-defibrillator (WCD) has emerged as a valuable tool to temporarily protect patients at risk for sudden cardiac death (SCD). The aim of this study was to determine the value of the WCD for therapy optimization of heart failure patients. METHODS: One hundred five consecutive patients that received WCD between 4/2012 and 9/2016 were included in the study. All patients were followed for clinical outcome and echocardiographic parameters during WCD therapy and had continued follow-up after WCD therapy, irrespective of subsequent implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implantation...
March 15, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Antonio Esposito, Anna Palmisano, Sofia Antunes, Caterina Colantoni, Paola Maria Vittoria Rancoita, Davide Vignale, Francesca Baratto, Paolo Della Bella, Alessandro Del Maschio, Francesco De Cobelli
PURPOSE: Diffuse remodeling of myocardial extra-cellular matrix is largely responsible for left ventricle (LV) dysfunction and arrhythmias. Our hypothesis is that the texture analysis of late iodine enhancement (LIE) cardiac computed tomography (cCT) images may improve characterization of the diffuse extra-cellular matrix changes. Our aim was to extract volumetric extracellular volume (ECV) and LIE texture features of non-scarred (remote) myocardium from cCT of patients with recurrent ventricular tachycardia (rVT), and to compare these radiomic features with LV-function, LV-remodeling, and underlying cardiac disease...
March 13, 2018: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
Patrick Krumm, Stefanie Mangold, Sergios Gatidis, Konstantin Nikolaou, Felix Nensa, Fabian Bamberg, Christian la Fougère
Combined PET/MRI is a novel imaging method integrating the advances of functional and morphological MR imaging with PET applications that include assessment of myocardial viability, perfusion, metabolism of inflammatory tissue and tumors, as well as amyloid deposition imaging. As such, PET/MRI is a promising tool to detect and characterize ischemic and non-ischemic cardiomyopathies. To date, the greatest benefit may be expected for diagnostic evaluation of systemic diseases and cardiac masses that remain unclear in cardiac MRI, as well as for clinical and scientific studies in the setting of ischemic cardiomyopathies...
March 10, 2018: Japanese Journal of Radiology
Li Wang, Min-Jie Lu, Lei Feng, Juan Wang, Wei Fang, Zuo-Xiang He, Ke-Fei Dou, Shi-Hua Zhao, Min-Fu Yang
BACKGROUND: The relationship between myocardial viability and angiographic collateral flow is not fully elucidated in ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) with coronary artery chronic total occlusion (CTO). We aimed to clarify the relationship between myocardial hibernation, myocardial scar, and angiographic collateral flow in these patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Seventy-one consecutive ICM patients with 122 CTOs and 652 dysfunctional segments within CTO territories were retrospectively analyzed...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
Prabhpreet Singh, Amit Noheria
Invasive electrophysiology (EP) mapping and catheter ablation has increasingly become the standard of care for many cardiac arrhythmias like supraventricular tachycardias, atrial fibrillation, premature ventricular complexes (PVC), and monomorphic ventricular tachycardia. In this review, we discuss the recent progress made in the mapping and ablation of ventricular fibrillation (VF). Ventricular activation during VF is apparently disorganized, making mapping and interpretation difficult. Prolonged mapping during VF would require mechanical circulatory support as VF causes complete hemodynamic collapse...
March 6, 2018: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
Gianluca Di Bella, Fausto Pizzino, Rocco Donato, Dalia Di Nunzio, Cesare de Gregorio
Cardiomyopathies (Cs) are a heterogeneous group of myocardial diseases with structural and/or functional abnormalities.The aetiology is due to genetic-family substrate in most cases, however, the correct and detailed analysis of morphofunctional abnormalities (severity and distribution of hypertrophy, ventricular dilatation, ventricular dysfunction) and tissue characteristics (myocardial fibrosis, myocardial infiltration) are a crucial element for a definite diagnosis.Among the different diagnostic imaging modalities applied in clinical practice (echocardiography, nuclear medicine), cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) has emerged as a non-invasive diagnostic tool having high ability to quantify systolic function and tissue abnormalities that represent the substrates of many Cs...
March 2, 2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Huichun Xu, Gerald W Dorn Ii, Amol Shetty, Ankita Parihar, Tushar Dave, Shawn W Robinson, Stephen S Gottlieb, Mark P Donahue, Gordon F Tomaselli, William E Kraus, Braxton D Mitchell, Stephen B Liggett
Idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC) is the most common form of non-ischemic chronic heart failure. Despite the higher prevalence of IDC in African Americans, the genetics of IDC have been relatively understudied in this ethnic group. We performed a genome-wide association study to identify susceptibility genes for IDC in African Americans recruited from five sites in the U.S. (662 unrelated cases and 1167 controls). The heritability of IDC was calculated to be 33% (95% confidence interval: 19-47%; p = 6...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Personalized Medicine
Fabian Muehlberg, Kristin Arnhold, Simone Fritschi, Stephanie Funk, Marcel Prothmann, Josephine Kermer, Leonora Zange, Florian von Knobelsdorff-Brenkenhoff, Jeanette Schulz-Menger
BACKGROUND: Segmented phase-sensitive inversion recovery (PSIR) cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) sequences are reference standard for non-invasive evaluation of myocardial fibrosis using late gadolinium enhancement (LGE). Several multi-slice LGE sequences have been introduced for faster acquisition in patients with arrhythmia and insufficient breathhold capability. The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of several multi-slice LGE sequences to detect and quantify myocardial fibrosis in patients with ischemic and non-ischemic myocardial disease...
February 19, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
Toshiaki Isogai, Hiroki Matsui, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Akira Kohyama, Kiyohide Fushimi, Hideo Yasunaga
Although the number of pregnancies in women with cardiac disease is increasing worldwide, there are few data concerning their clinical characteristics and peripartum outcomes. Using the Diagnosis Procedure Combination database between 2008 and 2014 in Japan, we retrospectively identified pregnant women who underwent high-risk delivery due to obstetric or non-obstetric comorbidities. We classified eligible women into those with pre-existing cardiac disease (cardiac disease group) and those with non-cardiac comorbidities (non-cardiac disease group) and compared their characteristics and peripartum outcomes...
February 17, 2018: Heart and Vessels
Bei Shi, Yan Wang, Ranzhun Zhao, Xianping Long, Wenwen Deng, Zhenglong Wang
Stem cell (SC) therapy for ischemic cardiomyopathy is hampered by poor survival of the implanted cells. Recently, SC-derived exosomes have been shown to facilitate cell proliferation and survival by transporting various proteins and non-coding RNAs (such as microRNAs and lncRNAs). In this study, miR-21 was highly enriched in exosomes derived from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Interestingly, exosomes collected from hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-treated MSCs (H-Exo) contained higher levels of miR-21 than exosomes released from MSCs under normal conditions (N-Exo)...
2018: PloS One
Xiaojiao Yi, Junfeng Zhu, Jinghui Zhang, Yun Gao, Zhongjian Chen, Shihai Lu, Zongwei Cai, Yanjun Hong, Yongjiang Wu
Although Danhong injection (DHI) has been clearly shown to attenuate ischemic myocardial injury and improve heart function, there is no research regarding its role in doxorubicin (DOX)-induced cardiomyopathy. In this study, we aimed to investigate the reverse effect of DHI on DOX-induced cardiotoxicity in H9c2 cells. The results of 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay demonstrated that DHI had no cytotoxicity towards the relevant cell line unless the concentration was as high as 50 μL/mL...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Preeti Singh, Bhairavi Bhatt, Shwetal U Pawar, Ashish Kamra, Suruchi Shetye, Mangala Ghorpade
Purpose: Ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) and non-ICM (NICM) causes of dilated cardiomyopathy with similar clinical presentation have different management and prognosis. This study employed myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) to differentiate between the two using quantitative parameters in Indian population. Methods and Materials: Fifty patients prospectively underwent MPI and18 F-fluorodeoxyglucose metabolism studies. P values (0.05 as significant) were calculated for the left ventricular ejection fraction (EF), end diastolic volume (EDV) at rest and stress, end systolic volume (ESV) at rest and stress, summed rest score (SRS), summed difference score (SDS), and eccentricity...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Nuclear Medicine: IJNM: the Official Journal of the Society of Nuclear Medicine, India
Takashi Noda, Takashi Kurita, Takashi Nitta, Yasutaka Chiba, Hiroshi Furushima, Naoki Matsumoto, Takeshi Toyoshima, Akihiko Shimizu, Hideo Mitamura, Ken Okumura, Tohru Ohe, Yoshifusa Aizawa
BACKGROUND: Electrical storm (E-Storm), defined as multiple episodes of ventricular arrhythmias within a short period of time, is an important clinical problem in patients with an implantable cardiac defibrillator (ICD) including cardiac resynchronization therapy devices capable of defibrillation. The detailed clinical aspects of E-Storm in large populations especially for non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), however, remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to elucidate the detailed clinical aspects of E-Storm, such as its predictors and prevalence among patients with structural heart disease including DCM...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Anand N Ganesan, James Gunton, Gaetano Nucifora, Andrew D McGavigan, Joseph B Selvanayagam
BACKGROUND: The central role of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) as the definitive risk marker of adverse outcomes in ischemic and nonischemic cardiomyopathy is increasingly uncertain. The current study aimed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis with the objective of evaluating the prognostic importance of Late Gadolinium Enhancement (LGE) in ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM) and non-ischemic cardiomyopathy (NICM) on the key endpoints of all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality and sudden death...
March 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
Paula Cox-North, Kelsey L Hawkins, Sean T Rossiter, Marie N Hawley, Renuka Bhattacharya, Charles S Landis
Sofosbuvir (SOF) is a nonstructural 5B polymerase inhibitor with activity in all hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes and is the backbone of many anti-HCV drug regimens. SOF is converted into inactive metabolites that undergo renal excretion. Patients with an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) < 30 mL/minute/1.73 m2 may experience increased drug exposure and thus potential toxicities along with decreased efficacy due to dose reduction or drug discontinuation. This is a single-center study evaluating safety and effectiveness of SOF-based regimens in patients with severe renal dysfunction, defined as eGFR <30 mL/minute/1...
May 2017: Hepatology Communications
David F Briceño, Tanush Gupta, Jorge Romero, Dhaval Kolte, Sahil Khera, Pedro A Villablanca, An Tran, Sanghamitra Mohanty, Chintan Trivedi, Prasant Mohanty, Carola Gianni, Soo G Kim, Mario Garcia, Gregg C Fonarow, Deepak L Bhatt, Andrea Natale, Luigi Di Biase
INTRODUCTION: Monomorphic ventricular tachycardia (VT) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality. Use and outcome data of catheter ablation for VT in non-ischemic cardiomyopathy (NICM) are limited. METHODS AND RESULTS: We obtained data from the 2003-2014 National Inpatient Sample databases. We used propensity score matching to compare patients undergoing catheter ablation versus medical therapy of VT related to NICM, and described the temporal trends in utilization and in-hospital outcomes of catheter ablation of VT in patients with NICM in the United States...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
Waqas Javed Siddiqui, Sandeep Aggarwal, Muhammad Rafique, Swaiman Singh, Steven Kutalek, Howard J Eisen
Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) has shown to reduce sudden cardiac death and overall mortality in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy. The recently published DANISH trial has shown conflicting outcomes on the long-term survival in patients with prophylactic implantation of ICD in Non-Ischemic Cardiomyopathy (NICM). Two independent reviewers searched MEDLINE, PUBMED, Ovid, CINAHL, , and Cochrane Registry for randomized control trials (RCT's) comparing ICD to medical treatment (MT)...
January 30, 2018: Heart Failure Reviews
Chin-Yu Lin, Fa-Po Chung, Yenn-Jiang Lin, Shih-Lin Chang, Li-Wei Lo, Yu-Feng Hu, Jo-Nan Liao, Ta-Chuan Tuan, Tze-Fan Chao, Yao-Ting Chang, Yun-Yu Chen, Abigail Louise D Te, Shinya Yamada, Shih-Ann Chen
Background: Epicardial catheter ablation has been shown to be an effective strategy for treating ventricular arrhythmias (VA). We investigated the efficacy and safety from a tertiary referral center in Taiwan. Methods: From 2010 to 2016, patients undergoing epicardial ablation for VAs were consecutively enrolled. The clinical characteristics, disease entity, electrophysiological studies, and ablation outcome were extracted for further analysis. Results: A total of 80 patients were eligible, including 34 patients for arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC), 16 for Brugada syndrome (BrS), 13 for idiopathic VAs, 11 for idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDCM), 2 for ischemic cardiomyopathy, and 4 for other nonischemic cardiomyopathies (NICM)...
January 2018: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
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