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Pediatric migraine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340791/treatment-of-disabling-headache-with-greater-occipital-nerve-injections-in-a-large-population-of-childhood-and-adolescent-patients-a-service-evaluation
#1
Francesca Puledda, Peter J Goadsby, Prab Prabhakar
BACKGROUND: Pediatric headache disorders can be extremely disabling, with marked reduction in the quality of life of children and their carers. Evidenced-based options for the treatment of primary headache disorders with preventive medication is limited and clinical outcomes are often unsatisfactory. Greater occipital nerve injections represent a rapid and well-tolerated therapeutic option, which is widely used in clinical practice in adults, and has previously shown a good outcome in a pediatric population...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334854/the-association-between-premorbid-conditions-in-school-aged-children-with-prolonged-concussion-recovery
#2
Réjean M Guerriero, Karameh Kuemmerle, Michael J Pepin, Alex M Taylor, Robert Wolff, William P Meehan
The association between preexisting anxiety, depression, and/or neurodevelopmental disorders and symptom duration among younger children who sustain concussions is not well known. The authors conducted a prospective cohort study of 569 patients presenting to a pediatric neurology clinic with the diagnosis of concussion. The authors measured associations between symptom duration and premorbid conditions, as well as gender, age, mechanism of injury, and other factors. Premorbid conditions were common in both age groups...
February 2018: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304243/hyperexcitability-of-the-central-nervous-system-in-children-with-chronic-pain-a-systematic-review
#3
Roselien Pas, Kelly Ickmans, Sophie Van Oosterwijck, Kelly Van der Cruyssen, Anthe Foubert, Laurence Leysen, Jo Nijs, Mira Meeus
Objective: Hyperexcitability of the central nervous system plays an important role in the development and maintenance of chronic pain in adults. This knowledge has led to improved treatment strategies within this population. In children, however, research on the presence of central hyperexcitability is scarce. To further investigate this topic in children with chronic pain, there is a need for a clear literature overview. Design: Systematic review. Methods: The literature search was performed using the electronic databases PubMed and Web of Science...
January 2, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287036/benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-bppv-in-children-and-adolescents-clinical-features-and-response-to-therapy-in-110-pediatric-patients
#4
Jacob R Brodsky, Sophie Lipson, Jared Wilber, Guangwei Zhou
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to characterize the clinical features and outcomes of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) in the pediatric population. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review. SETTING: Tertiary care center. PATIENTS: One hundred ten patients, aged 5 to 19 years old, diagnosed with BPPV. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Patient demographics, comorbidities, canal involvement, response to treatment, and incidence of recurrence...
December 28, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275494/differences-in-pediatric-headache-prescription-patterns-by-diagnosis
#5
Jonathan Rabner, Allison Ludwick, Alyssa LeBel
BACKGROUND: Few studies have reported prescription patterns for headache medication. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to present the rates of specific medication prescribed to pediatric patients diagnosed with migraine, tension-type headache (TTH), and new daily persistent headache (NDPH), as well as differences in those prescription patterns by diagnosis, age, and gender. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A query using the i2b2 platform yielded 14,591 patients [migraine 10,547 (72...
December 23, 2017: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259575/visually-induced-dizziness-in-children-and-validation-of-the-pediatric-visually-induced-dizziness-questionnaire
#6
Marousa Pavlou, Susan L Whitney, Abdulaziz A Alkathiry, Marian Huett, Linda M Luxon, Ewa Raglan, Emma L Godfrey, Doris-Eva Bamiou
Aims: To develop and validate the Pediatric Visually Induced Dizziness Questionnaire (PVID) and quantify the presence and severity of visually induced dizziness (ViD), i.e., symptoms induced by visual motion stimuli including crowds and scrolling computer screens in children. Methods: 169 healthy (female n = 89; recruited from mainstream schools, London, UK) and 114 children with a primary migraine, concussion, or vestibular disorder diagnosis (female n = 62), aged 6-17 years, were included...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249511/pediatric-headache-and-seizures
#7
Christopher B Oakley, Eric H Kossoff
Headache and seizures are two of the most common complaints seen in the field of pediatric neurology with headache being number one. Both these conditions may coexist. Where the difficulty begins is when the symptoms are not clear cut in making a diagnosis, and conditions are possible as either an atypical seizure or migraine variant. What further complicates matters is the fact that there are many underlying neurologic conditions that carry with them a higher likelihood of developing both headaches and seizures, making each a distinct possibility when obtaining a history from a parent about unusual spells...
November 2017: Seminars in Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246099/younger-age-of-migraine-onset-in-children-than-their-parents-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#8
Tal Eidlitz-Markus, Avraham Zeharia
Migraine is known to run in families and has long been considered a strongly heritable disorder. We sought to investigate the age of onset of migraine between successive generations. Our retrospective cohort included 102 children with migraine who were referred to a pediatric headache clinic and their affected parent(s). Age at migraine onset was significantly lower in the children with a history of maternal or paternal migraine than in their mothers or fathers ( P < .001). In conclusion, data on parental history of migraine showed that children with migraine were significantly younger at first appearance of the disease than their affected parents...
January 2018: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226466/childhood-onset-cluster-headache-observations-from-a-personal-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
Arens Taga, Gian Camillo Manzoni, Marco Russo, Maria Vittoria Paglia, Paola Torelli
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Puberty seems to be a turning point in cluster headache (CH) onset. To verify its influence on CH phenotype, we focused on cases with onset ≤13 years. A review of the literature follows. METHOD: We considered CH cases with age-of-onset ≤13 years evaluated at our center between 1975 and 2015; these cases were matched by sex to two consecutive patients with age-of-onset as close as possible (±2 years) to the median age-of-onset of the overall CH population...
December 11, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216286/migraine-and-risk-of-narcolepsy-in-children-a-nationwide-longitudinal-study
#10
Chun-Pai Yang, Meng-Lun Hsieh, Jen-Huai Chiang, Hsing-Yi Chang, Vivian Chia-Rong Hsieh
BACKGROUND: The association between migraine and narcolepsy remains controversial. We aim to investigate whether migraine is associated with an increased risk of developing narcolepsy in children. METHODS: In this longitudinal study, nationwide medical-claims data of pediatric patients (0-17y) with migraine are identified using the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) between 1997 and 2010 in Taiwan. Two cohorts are selected: migraine cases (n = 8,923) and propensity score-matched non-migraine controls (n = 35,692)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205326/clinical-features-familial-history-and-migraine-precursors-in-patients-with-definite-vestibular-migraine-the-vm-phenotypes-projects
#11
Roberto Teggi, Bruno Colombo, Roberto Albera, Giacinto Asprella Libonati, Cristiano Balzanelli, Angel Batuecas Caletrio, Augusto Casani, Juan Manuel Espinoza-Sanchez, Paolo Gamba, Jose A Lopez-Escamez, Sergio Lucisano, Marco Mandalà, Giampiero Neri, Daniele Nuti, Rudy Pecci, Antonio Russo, Eduardo Martin-Sanz, Ricardo Sanz, Gioacchino Tedeschi, Paola Torelli, Paolo Vannucchi, Giancarlo Comi, Mario Bussi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to assess through a questionnaire the features of vertiginous episodes, accompanying symptoms, familial history, and migraine precursors in a sample of 252 subjects with a diagnosis of definite vestibular migraine. BACKGROUND: Migraine is a common neurological disorder characterized by episodic headaches with specific features. About two-thirds of cases run in families, and patients may refer symptoms occurring in infancy and childhood, defined as episodic syndromes that may be associated with migraine...
December 4, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197090/syndrome-of-transient-headache-and-neurologic-deficits-with-cerebrospinal-fluid-lymphocitosis-should-be-considered-in-children-presenting-with-acute-confusional-state
#12
Romina Moavero, Laura Papetti, Samuela Tarantino, Barbara Battan, Irene Salfa, Annalisa Deodati, Riccardo Schiaffini, Federico Vigevano, Massimiliano Valeriani
BACKGROUND: Transient headache and neurologic deficits with cerebrospinal fluid lymphocytosis (HaNDL) is benign and self-limited, with neurologic deficits including sensory disturbance of one body side, aphasia, nausea/vomiting, weakness, decreased vision, homonymous hemianopsia, photophobia. Acute confusional state can rarely occur. Papilledema and intracranial hypertension have also been described. It is a rare entity mainly affecting adults; however, it has been sporadically described in children and adolescents...
December 2, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129667/prevalence-of-functional-gastrointestinal-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-in-the-mediterranean-region-of-europe
#13
Elena Scarpato, Sanja Kolacek, Danijela Jojkic-Pavkov, Vlatka Konjik, Nataša Živković, Enriqueta Roman, Aco Kostovski, Nikolina Zdraveska, Eyad Altamimi, Alexandra Papadopoulou, Thomai Karagiozoglou-Lampoudi, Raanan Shamir, Michal Rozenfeld Bar Lev, Aziz Koleilat, Sirin Mneimneh, Dario Bruzzese, Rosaura Leis, Annamaria Staiano
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Little is known about the prevalence of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) in children from the Mediterranean area of Europe. We aimed to assess the prevalence of FGIDs in children and adolescents in this region. METHODS: We collected data on 13,750 children (4-18 years old) enrolled in the Mediterranean-European Area Project, a school-based health study performed in Croatia, Greece, Israel, Italy, Jordan, Lebanon, Macedonia, Serbia, and Spain...
November 9, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110509/stress-management-for-headaches-in-children-and-adolescents-a-review-and-practical-recommendations-for-health-promotion-programs-and-well-being
#14
Anastasia Bougea, Nikolaos Spantideas, George P Chrousos
Stress is considered to be the most common factor reported to trigger headaches in children and adolescents. Although tension-type headache and migraine are the two most common types of headache in children and adolescents, they are often untreated, ignoring their stressful background. We provide a narrative review of the available evidence for health-care professionals involved in stress-related headache management and health promotion programs. An integrative plan is delivered through lifestyle improvement and biopsychosocial modifying stress response techniques...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095392/the-differential-diagnosis-of-vertigo-in-children-a-systematic-review-of-2726-cases
#15
Meghan Davitt, Michael T Delvecchio, Stephen C Aronoff
OBJECTIVES: Vertigo is a relatively common complaint in children with 5.3% of pediatric patients complaining of this symptom. Although the causes of vertigo have been well established in adults, the diagnoses in children have not been well described. The aims of this systematic review are to discover the current information regarding etiologies of vertigo in children and to determine the most common diagnoses that present with vertigo in pediatric patients. METHODS: PubMed, Scopus, and Embase were searched using the PRISMA guidelines...
October 31, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074058/breastfeeding-during-infancy-is-associated-with-a-lower-future-risk-of-pediatric-multiple-sclerosis
#16
J Nicholas Brenton, Casey E Engel, Min-Woong Sohn, Myla D Goldman
BACKGROUND: Risk of multiple sclerosis (MS) is influenced by environment and genetics. Infant breastfeeding appears protective against some childhood autoimmune disorders, but its impact on risk of MS in childhood is unknown. The objective of this study is to analyze the association of breastfeeding in infancy on future risk of pediatric-onset MS. BASIC PROCEDURES: Biological mothers of 36 consecutive pediatric-onset MS patients completed a questionnaire on history of breastfeeding and various birth and demographic factors...
September 14, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044497/pediatric-headache-and-sleep-disturbance-a-comparison-of-diagnostic-groups
#17
Jonathan Rabner, Karen J Kaczynski, Laura E Simons, Alyssa LeBel
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether sleep disturbance differs by headache diagnosis in a pediatric sample, and whether this effect remains when other factors affecting sleep are included. BACKGROUND: Primary headache disorders can be severe and disabling, impacting a child's functioning and quality of life. Many children and adolescents with chronic headaches also experience sleep difficulties, and there is likely a bidirectional relationship between headaches and sleep difficulties...
October 17, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947248/-cyclic-vomiting-syndrome-in-children
#18
F Brezin, A Wiedemann, F Feillet
Cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) is a misrecognized and probably underdiagnosed disease that can affect up to 1.9% of the pediatric population and can occupy 15% of these children's time. It is characterized by acute attacks of vomiting, occurring with such a strict frequency that some parents can predict the date of their child's next attack. The pathophysiology of CVS is unclear, although the literature recognizes a common origin with migraine headaches, which has the same acute and prophylactic treatment. CVS is now included in the larger group of diseases called "episodic symptoms related to migraine" previously known as "childhood periodic syndromes...
November 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926506/family-perspectives-on-visiting-the-pediatric-emergency-department-for-migraine-a-qualitative-study
#19
Serena Laura Orr, Liam OʼSullivan, Roger Zemek, Natalie M Ward, Hugh J McMillan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the perspectives of families regarding their expectations and experience of visiting the emergency department (ED) for migraine. METHODS: This was a qualitative study involving the families of 25 patients aged 10 to 18 years receiving ED care for acute migraine. Following their visit, independent semistructured telephone interviews were conducted with both the patient and parent or guardian. Questions were designed to explore factors pertaining to the family's perspective regarding their visit to the ED and expectations for the ED visit...
September 18, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890047/basilar-type-migraine-an-overlooked-cause-of-loss-of-consciousness-in-pediatric-emergency-rooms
#20
I-Ching Chou, Inn-Chi Lee, Syuan-Yu Hong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 31, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
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