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Prevalence of metabolic syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040050/latent-autoimmune-diabetes-in-adults-in-north-indian-region-assessment-of-%C3%AE-cell-function-metabolic-and-immunological-features
#1
Alok Kumar, Alberto de Leiva
BACKGROUND: We undertook a study to assess β-cell function and metabolic and immunological features of patients with latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA) and assess heterogeneity within LADA based on low and high glutamic acid decarboxylase autoantibodies (GADA) titers. METHODS: A total of 139 patients with adult-onset diabetes were examined cross-sectionally in the National capital region of Northern India. Medical history of all subjects was reviewed with the aim of collecting clinical data...
October 17, 2017: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035943/metabolic-syndrome-and-subclinical-carotid-damage-a-meta-analysis-from-population-based-studies
#2
Cesare Cuspidi, Carla Sala, Fabio Provenzano, Marijana Tadic, Elisa Gherbesi, Guido Grassi, Giuseppe Mancia
AIM: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a phenotype of growing prevalence in the general population. Information on the association between MetS and vascular damage in this setting is only based on data provided by single reports. We performed a meta-analysis of population-based studies aimed to assess the association of MetS with carotid atherosclerosis. DESIGN: Studies were identified by the following search terms: 'metabolic syndrome', 'general population,' 'carotid intima-media thickness' (IMT), 'carotid atherosclerosis,' 'carotid damage,' 'ultrasonography...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035941/arterial-stiffness-and-cardiometabolic-phenotype-of-cameroonian-pygmies-and-bantus
#3
William Ngatchou, Daniel Lemogoum, Christian Mélot, Virginie Guimfacq, Philippe van de Borne, Jean Claude Wautrecht, Michel P Hermans, Luc Van Bortel, Marc Leeman
BACKGROUND: Pygmies living in the Central African rainforest with a traditional hunter-gatherer lifestyle have a low incidence of cardiovascular diseases. Because of progressive loss of traditional habitat and ancestral lands, some Pygmies have migrated to urban areas and adopt specific Bantu lifestyles such as increased salt consumption and a sedentary way of life. We tested the hypothesis that migrant Pygmies could present with hemodynamic and metabolic characteristics different from those of traditional in-situ Pygmies and possibly closer to those of Bantu farmers...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033596/metabolic-syndrome-remission-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-or-sleeve-gastrectomy
#4
Ibrahim Nassour, Jaime P Almandoz, Beverley Adams-Huet, Sachin Kukreja, Nancy Puzziferri
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is known to decrease weight and the prevalence of comorbidities, but there is little evidence on the differential effect of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and sleeve gastrectomy (SG) on the remission of the aggregate outcome, metabolic syndrome, 4 years after surgery. The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of RYGB and SG on metabolic syndrome in veterans. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed consecutive patients who underwent SG and RYGB at the Dallas Veterans Affairs Medical Center from 2003 to 2012...
2017: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033310/relation-of-elevated-serum-uric-acid-levels-to-first-degree-heart-block-and-other-cardiac-conduction-defects-in-hospitalized-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#5
Alessandro Mantovani, Riccardo Rigolon, Isabella Pichiri, Giovanni Morani, Stefano Bonapace, Clementina Dugo, Giacomo Zoppini, Enzo Bonora, Giovanni Targher
AIMS: Several studies have reported that moderately elevated serum uric acid levels are associated with an increased risk of tachyarrhythmias (mainly atrial fibrillation) in patients with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). It is currently unknown whether an association also exists between elevated serum uric acid levels and cardiac conduction defects in patients with T2DM. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed a hospital-based sample of 967 patients with T2DM discharged from our Division of Endocrinology over the years 2007-2014...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026444/association-of-meal-frequency-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-korean-adults-from-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-knhanes
#6
Chan-Hee Jung, Ji Sung Lee, Hee Jung Ahn, Jin-Sun Choi, Min Young Noh, Ji Jeung Lee, Eun Young Lee, Jeong Hyun Lim, Young Ran Lee, So Yoon Yoon, Chong Hwa Kim, Dong-Hyeok Cho, Young Sik Choi, Kyung Mook Choi
BACKGROUND: Although previous studies have established a close relationship between caloric intake and metabolic syndrome, there is limited research exploring the impact of meal frequency adjusted by caloric intake on metabolic syndrome (MetS). OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of meal frequency and MetS after adjusting for confounding factors including caloric intake in Korean men and women. METHODS: We analyzed the national representative data of a total 12,389 adults (5171 men, 7218 women) from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2010-2012...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018783/effects-of-erythrocyte-membrane-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-in-overweight-obese-and-morbidly-obese-korean-women
#7
Ha-Neul Choi, Jung-Eun Yim
BACKGROUND: The levels of erythrocyte polyunsaturated fatty acids (FAs) may be associated with obesity, metabolic syndrome, and cancer. Thus, we investigated the association between erythrocyte n-3 and n-6 FA composition, body mass index (BMI), and biochemical profiles. METHODS: The body composition, dietary intake, and blood parameters, including serum lipid, glucose, insulin, adipokines, oxidative stress, and erythrocyte FA, were assessed in 66 overweight and obese women (average age, 43...
September 2017: Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016251/addressing-the-problem-of-obesity-and-associated-cardiometabolic-risk-in-black-south-african-women-time-for-action
#8
Julia H Goedecke
The PhD thesis of Gradidge, entitled 'Factors associated with obesity and metabolic syndrome in an ageing cohort of black women living in Soweto, Johannesburg (Study of Women in and Entering Endocrine Transition [SWEET])', attempts to understand the determinants of obesity and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in a population of urban-dwelling black South African women. A conceptual framework is presented, which positions obesity as the central risk factor for MetS, and includes the possible influence of socioeconomic status, lifestyle behaviours and body size perceptions, as key determinants of obesity...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016249/factors-associated-with-obesity-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-ageing-black-south-african-women
#9
Philippe Jean-Luc Gradidge
BACKGROUND: The incidence of obesity and related metabolic diseases is high and increasing in sub-Saharan African women. Evidence on the determinants of these diseases is limited, particularly in black South African women. OBJECTIVE: This PhD review attempts to understand the determinants of obesity and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in a population of ageing urban-dwelling black South African women. METHODS: Drawing on the longitudinal Birth-to-Twenty-Plus cohort, data were collected in 2002/03 and 2012/13, including information on behavioural factors (smoking, sitting time, physical activity, smokeless tobacco, and alcohol consumption), body-size perception, body composition (measures of adiposity and lean mass), blood pressure, and cardiometabolic biomarkers (lipid profile, fasting insulin, fasting blood glucose, insulin resistance, leptin, and adiponectin)...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991181/association-between-milk-consumption-and-metabolic-syndrome-among-korean-adults-results-from-the-health-examinees-study
#10
Sangah Shin, Hwi-Won Lee, Claire E Kim, Jiyeon Lim, Jong-Koo Lee, Daehee Kang
It has been suggested that a greater dairy consumption, particularly of milk, may have contributed in lowering the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS). A cross-sectional analysis was conducted to examine the association between milk consumption and MetS, and its components among Korean adults aged 40-69. A total of 130,420 subjects (43,682 men and 86,738 women) from the Health Examinees Study were selected for the final analysis. Milk consumption was estimated using a validated 106-item food frequency questionnaire...
October 8, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991040/associations-of-muscle-mass-and-strength-with-all-cause-mortality-among-us-older-adults
#11
Ran Li, Jin Xia, Xi Zhang, Wambui Grace Gathirua-Mwangi, Jianjun Guo, Yufeng Li, Steve McKenzie, Yiqing Song
INTRODUCTION: Recent studies suggested that muscle mass and muscle strength may independently or synergistically affect aging-related health outcomes in older adults; however, prospective data on mortality in the general population are sparse. METHODS: We aimed to prospectively examine individual and joint associations of low muscle mass and low muscle strength with all-cause mortality in a nationally representative sample. This study included 4,449 participants aged 50 years and older from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999-2002 with public-use 2011 linked mortality files...
October 4, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989914/which-components-of-metabolic-syndrome-have-a-greater-effect-on-mortality-cva-and-myocardial-infarction-hyperglycemia-high-blood-pressure-or-both
#12
Alireza Khosravi, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Mehrzad Barghikar
BACKGROUND: This study aims to evaluate the incidence of stroke, ischemic heart disease (IHD), and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality in clusters containing hypertension (HTN), clusters containing diabetes (diabetes mellitus [DM]), cluster with both HTN, DM, and cluster without HTN, DM in patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The association between MetS and outcomes was examined in 2257 patients with MetS that were divided into four groups includes patients with MetS with hyperglycemia (Cluster 1), patients with MetS with HTN (Cluster 2), patients with MetS with HTN and hyperglycemia (Cluster 3) and patients with MetS without HTN and hyperglycemia (Cluster 4)...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989878/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-markers-among-women-at-1-year-postpartum-as-per-prepregnancy-body-mass-index-status-a-longitudinal-study
#13
Neha A Kajale, Vaman Khadilkar, Shashi A Chiplonkar, Raja Padidela, Anuradha V Khadilkar
INTRODUCTION: Maternal body composition (BC) changes during lactation. Increased prepregnancy obesity is associated with poor obstetric outcomes. The aim was to study changes in maternal BC postpartum (PP) to 1-year PP with reference to their prepregnancy body mass index (BMI) status. METHODS: The study design was a 1-year follow-up study. Sixty-five apparently healthy primiparous women (28.6 ± 3.4 years delivered full-term infants) were randomly selected from December 2010 to June 2013 and postclassified on the basis of their prepregnancy BMI status...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988228/the-relationship-between-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-small-intestinal-bacterial-overgrowth-among-overweight-and-obese-children-and-adolescents
#14
Oana Belei, Laura Olariu, Andreea Dobrescu, Tamara Marcovici, Otilia Marginean
BACKGROUND: The increasing rate of obesity and overweight among children has highlighted nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) as the most common cause of chronic pediatric liver diseases. There are many publications supporting the idea that gut microbiota is altered in NAFLD. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of NAFLD among overweight and obese children with and without small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) compared to a control group and to assess if intestinal dysbiosis represents a risk factor for NAFLD...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987189/diseases-of-the-peripheral-nerves
#15
Istvan Katona, Joachim Weis
This chapter reviews the diseases of the peripheral nerves from a neuropathologic point of view, with a special focus on specific morphologic changes, and includes a summary of the histopathologic methods available for their diagnosis. As the rate of obesity and the prevalence of type 2 diabetes increase, diabetic neuropathy is the most common cause of peripheral neuropathy. Many systemic disorders with metabolic origin, like amyloidosis, hepatic failure, vitamin deficiencies, uremia, lipid metabolism disorders, and others, can also cause axonal or myelin alterations in the peripheral nervous system...
2017: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984759/serum-levels-of-uncoupling-proteins-in-patients-with-differential-insulin-resistance-a-community-based-cohort-study
#16
Heng-Chih Pan, Chin-Chan Lee, Kuei-Mei Chou, Shang-Chieh Lu, Chiao-Yin Sun
The uncoupling protein (UCP) belongs to a family of energy-dissipating proteins in mitochondria. Increasing evidences have indicated that UCPs have immense impact on glucose homeostasis and are key proteins in metabolic syndrome. For applying the findings to clinical practice, we designed a study to explore the association between serum UCPs 1-3 and insulin resistance. This investigation prospectively recorded demographical parameter and collected blood samples of 1071 participants from 4 districts in Northeastern Taiwan during the period from August 2013 to July 2014...
October 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984255/risk-factors-for-cardiovascular-disease-in-obese-children
#17
T Chandrasekhar, M M Suchitra, M Pallavi, P V L N Srinivasa Rao, Alok Sachan
OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in pediatric obesity. METHODS: 50 obese children (age 5-17y) and 50 apparently healthy non-obese children (body mass index of over 95th percentile and between 5th to 95th percentiles, respectively) using Centre for Disease Control growth charts were included. Fasting blood sugar, lipid profile, insulin, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance, uric acid, fibrinogen, lipoprotein (a), homocysteine, malondialdehyde, ferric reducing ability of plasma and nitric oxide were measured...
September 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981243/-treatments-of-non-alcoholic-steatohepatitis
#18
T Gustot
Non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases are highly prevalent in Western countries and associated with insulin resitance and metabolic syndrome. Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is characterized by lobular inflammation and hepatocellular ballooning, and may be associated with liver fibrosis leading to cirrhosis and its complications as hepatocarcinoma. The presence of obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus or increased liver enzymes in patients with metabolic syndrome should prompt non-invasive screening (liver ultrasound, serum markers and/or transient elastography) to predict steatosis, NASH and fibrosis...
2017: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975595/risk-factors-for-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-are-common-in-patients-with-non-b-non-c-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-india
#19
Deepu David, Anantharam Raghavendran, Ashish Goel, C Bharath Kumar, Thomas Alex Kodiatte, Deepak Burad, Priya Abraham, Banumathi Ramakrishna, Philip Joseph, Jeyamani Ramachandran, C E Eapen
AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study was to analyze the prevalence of risk factors for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) in patients with non-B non-C hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Between June 2012 and November 2014, patients with HCC, negative for hepatitis B surface antigen and hepatitis C virus antibody, were included in this study. All patients were assessed for risk factors for NAFLD such as diabetes mellitus (DM), hypertension, dyslipidemia, metabolic syndrome, and obesity...
October 4, 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973971/effects-of-antidiabetic-drugs-on-gut-microbiota-composition
#20
REVIEW
Sophie A Montandon, François R Jornayvaz
Gut microbiota forms a catalog of about 1000 bacterial species; which mainly belong to the Firmicutes and Bacteroidetes phyla. Microbial genes are essential for key metabolic processes; such as the biosynthesis of short-chain fatty acids (SCFA); amino acids; bile acids or vitamins. It is becoming clear that gut microbiota is playing a prevalent role in pathologies such as metabolic syndrome; type 2 diabetes (T2D); inflammatory and bowel diseases. Obesity and related diseases; notably type 2 diabetes, induce gut dysbiosis...
September 30, 2017: Genes
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