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Prevalence of metabolic syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108130/contribution-of-sociodemographic-and-lifestyle-related-factors-to-the-differences-in-metabolic-syndrome-among-russian-somali-and-kurdish-migrants-compared-with-finns
#1
N Skogberg, T Laatikainen, A Jula, T Härkänen, E Vartiainen, P Koponen
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is associated with a substantially increased risk for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. We examined the contribution of length of residence, socioeconomic position and lifestyle-related factors to the differences in the prevalence of MetS among migrants compared with Finns. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from randomly sampled 30-64year-old health examination participants (318 Russian, 212 Somali, and 321 Kurdish origin migrants) of the Migrant Health and Wellbeing Survey (2010-2012) were used...
January 10, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106941/serum-apob-levels-independently-predict-the-development-of-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-7-year-prospective-study
#2
Jinghua Wang, Wanlin Zhu, Shujun Huang, Lei Xu, Min Miao, Chenjiao Wu, Chaohui Yu, Youming Li, Chengfu Xu
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Cross-sectional studies have shown that apolipoprotein B (apoB) is positively associated with the prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). This study aimed to investigate the prospective relationship between the serum apoB levels and the development of NAFLD in a Chinese population. METHODS: A cohort of 7077 initially NAFLD-free participants was enrolled in this prospectively study. The incidence of NAFLD was calculated among participants with different baseline serum apoB quintiles...
January 20, 2017: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106792/prevalence-and-correlates-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-chinese-children-the-china-health-and-nutrition-survey
#3
Peige Song, Jinyue Yu, Xinlei Chang, Manli Wang, Lin An
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is generally defined as a cluster of metabolically related cardiovascular risk factors which are often associated with the condition of insulin resistance, elevated blood pressure, and abdominal obesity. During the past decades, MetS has become a major public health issue worldwide in both adults and children. In this study, data from the China Health and Nutrition Surveys (CHNS) was used to assess the prevalence of MetS based on both the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATPIII) guidelines and the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria, and to evaluate its possible correlates...
January 18, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104402/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-the-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-pcos-metabolic-phenotype
#4
Lawrence Engmann, Susan Jin, Fangbai Sun, Richard S Legro, Alex J Polotsky, Karl R Hansen, Christos Coutifaris, Michael P Diamond, Esther Eisenberg, Heping Zhang, Nanette Santoro
BACKGROUND: Women with polycystic ovarian syndrome have a high prevalence of metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Blacks and Hispanics have a high morbidity and mortality due to cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus in the general population. Since metabolic syndrome is a risk factor for development of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, understanding any racial and ethnic differences in metabolic syndrome amongst women with polycystic ovarian syndrome is important for prevention strategies...
January 16, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103626/nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-the-next-frontier-in-the-epidemic
#5
REVIEW
Iliana Doycheva, Kymberly D Watt, Naim Alkhouri
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a significant health burden in adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with substantial rise in prevalence over the last decades. This parallels high rates of obesity and metabolic syndrome in this age group, with unhealthy lifestyle also playing an independent role. Genetic factors, gender, and ethnicity should be considered in a risk stratification model. NAFLD and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) in AYAs often go unrecognized and if untreated, can progress eventually to cirrhosis requiring liver transplantation before the age of 40...
January 19, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103297/obesity-in-french-inmates-gender-differences-and-relationship-with-mood-eating-behavior-and-physical-activity
#6
Aude Lagarrigue, Soufiane Ajana, Lucile Capuron, Catherine Féart, Marie-Pierre Moisan
CONTEXT: Inmates, notably women, are at greater risk for obesity and metabolic complications than the general population according to several studies from high income countries. Data regarding French correctional institutions are lacking so far. To fill this gap, we have assessed in a sample from a French prison (33 females and 18 males) the gender-specific effect of incarceration on weight and body mass index (BMI) and examined their current metabolic status. Furthermore, to reveal the possible determinants of increased obesity, we analyzed emotional vulnerability, eating behavior and physical activity using self-reported questionnaires...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102463/marked-differences-of-haplotype-tagging-snp-distribution-linkage-and-haplotype-profile-of-apoa5-gene-in-roma-population-samples
#7
Katalin Sumegi, Balazs Duga, Bela I Melegh, Zsolt Banfai, Erzsebet Kovesdi, Anita Maasz, Bela Melegh
Roma people are underprivileged, neglected population worldwide, with severe healthcare problems. They have significantly increased prevalence of cardiovascular morbidity, presumably related to their poor social status, alcohol consumption and smoking habits. Assuming that genetic background also plays a role in their susceptibility for cardiovascular diseases, we hypothesized that APOA5 gene polymorphisms, an important role-player in lipid metabolism and in the development of metabolic syndrome and cardio/cerebrovascular events, may also be involved...
January 19, 2017: Pathology Oncology Research: POR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099648/erratum-erica-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-brazilian-adolescents
#8
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article doi: 10.1590/S01518-8787.2016050006701].
December 22, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099469/the-prevalence-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-related-metabolic-comorbidities-was-associated-with-age-at-onset-of-moderate-to-severe-plaque-psoriasis-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Xin Xu, Lina Su, Yunlu Gao, Yangfeng Ding
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has been found to be highly prevalent in psoriatic patients. Adult onset psoriasis could be divided into either early or late onset psoriasis. The associations between NAFLD and related metabolic comorbidities and age at onset of psoriasis have not yet been investigated. Our study was to evaluate the associations between prevalence of NAFLD and related metabolic conditions and early, late, and childhood onset psoriasis. A cross-sectional observational study was conducted on patients with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098594/mediators-of-diabetic-neuropathy-is-hyperglycemia-the-only-culprit
#10
Anna Grisold, Brian C Callaghan, Eva L Feldman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is a disabling, highly prevalent complication of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T1DM and T2DM). Large clinical studies support the concept that, in addition to hyperglycemia, components of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) may underlie the pathogenesis of DPN, especially in T2DM. This review will present the evidence supporting the MetS and its individual components as potential causal factors for the development of neuropathy...
January 16, 2017: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096874/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-in-korea-a-multicenter-nationwide-cross-sectional-study
#11
Jung Sun Lee, Jun Soo Kwon, Daeho Kim, Sung-Wan Kim, Jae-Jin Kim, Jong-Hoon Kim, Hee Jung Nam, Seunghyong Ryu, Il Ho Park, Suk Kyoon An, Hong-Seok Oh, Seunghee Won, Kanguk Lee, Kyu Young Lee, Seung-Hwan Lee, Yu Sang Lee, Jung-Seo Yi, Kyung Sue Hong, Yeon Ho Joo
OBJECTIVE: We designed a nationwide study with limited exclusion criteria to investigate the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Korea and its relationship with antipsychotic medications. METHODS: This multicenter, cross-sectional, and observational study included patients diagnosed with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder. Sixteen hospitals enrolled 845 patients aged 18 to 65 years prescribed any antipsychotic medication between August 2011 and August 2013...
January 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096640/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-pre-and-post-menopausal-women-a-prospective-study-from-apex-institute-of-north-india
#12
Sandeep Sharma, Neelam Aggarwal, Bharti Joshi, Vanita Suri, Sanjay Badada
BACKGROUND: The metabolic syndrome (MS) (syndrome X, insulin resistance syndrome) is a constellation of metabolic abnormalities and a complex predisease state that predicts future development of type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease. Menopausal transition and postmenopausal state are considered as a vulnerable period for developing MS, and this increased risk has been attributed to decreasing estrogen levels with an increasing risk of insulin resistance following menopause...
October 2016: Journal of Mid-life Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092090/prevalence-of-mucopolysaccharidosis-types-i-ii-and-vi-in-the-pediatric-and-adult-population-with-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-cts-retrospective-and-prospective-analysis-of-patients-treated-for-cts
#13
Mette Borch Nørmark, Nanna Kjaer, Allan Meldgaard Lund
BACKGROUND: We wanted to investigate whether the prevalence of mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) I, II, and VI was higher than expected in a selected cohort of patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). CTS is a common finding in patients with MPS, and therefore we screened patients who had undergone surgery for CTS for undiagnosed MPS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients who had been operated for CTS were found in databases from two hospitals. Furthermore, patients who had undergone surgery for CTS when under the age of 18 were retrieved from the National Patient Registry...
January 17, 2017: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090342/-1-h-mrs-measured-ectopic-fat-in-liver-and-muscle-is-associated-with-the-metabolic-syndrome-in-danish-girls-but-not-in-boys-with-overweight-and-obesity
#14
A Nissen, C E Fonvig, E Chabanova, C Bøjsøe, C Trier, O Pedersen, T Hansen, H S Thomsen, J-C Holm
BACKGROUND: The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a complication to overweight and obesity, which can be observed already in childhood. Ectopic lipid accumulation in muscle and liver has been shown to associate with the development of insulin resistance and dyslipidemia. Thus, the interaction between MetS and ectopic fat may offer clinical relevance. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence of MetS, or components hereof, and ectopic fat accumulation in liver and skeletal muscle tissue in children, as well as interactions between these...
December 2016: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089571/normo-and-hyperandrogenic-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-exhibit-an-adverse-metabolic-profile-through-life
#15
Pekka Pinola, Katri Puukka, Terhi T Piltonen, Johanna Puurunen, Eszter Vanky, Inger Sundström-Poromaa, Elisabet Stener-Victorin, Angelica Lindén Hirschberg, Pernille Ravn, Marianne Skovsager Andersen, Dorte Glintborg, Jan Roar Mellembakken, Aimo Ruokonen, Juha S Tapanainen, Laure C Morin-Papunen
OBJECTIVE: To compare the metabolic profiles of normo- and hyperandrogenic women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) with those of control women at different ages during reproductive life. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): In all, 1,550 women with normoandrogenic (n = 686) or hyperandrogenic (n = 842) PCOS and 447 control women were divided into three age groups: <30, 30-39, and >39 years)...
January 12, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087518/cardiovascular-function-in-male-and-female-jcr-la-cp-rats-effect-of-high-fat-high-sucrose-diet
#16
Ian Hunter, Amanda Soler, Gregory Joseph, Brenda Hutcheson, Chastity Bradford, Frank Zhang, Barry J Potter, Spencer D Proctor, Petra Rocic
30% of the world population is diagnosed with metabolic syndrome. High fat/high sucrose diet (HF/HS, Western diet) correlates with metabolic syndrome prevalence. We characterized effects of the HF/HS diet on vascular (arterial stiffness, vasoreactivity, coronary collateral development) and cardiac (echocardiography) function, oxidative stress and inflammation in a rat model of metabolic syndrome (JCR). Furthermore, we determined whether male vs. female animals were affected differentially by the Western diet...
January 13, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086906/physical-activity-and-nutrition-behaviour-outcomes-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-for-adults-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-vietnam
#17
Van Dinh Tran, Andy H Lee, Jonine Jancey, Anthony P James, Peter Howat, Le Thi Phuong Mai
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome is prevalent among Vietnamese adults, especially those aged 50-65 years. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a 6 month community-based lifestyle intervention to increase physical activity levels and improve dietary behaviours for adults with metabolic syndrome in Vietnam. METHODS: Ten communes, involving participants aged 50-65 years with metabolic syndrome, were recruited from Hanam province in northern Vietnam. The communes were randomly allocated to either the intervention (five communes, n = 214) or the control group (five communes, n = 203)...
January 13, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086850/the-prevalence-trend-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-and-risk-factors-in-korean-adults-results-from-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2013
#18
Binh Thang Tran, Bo Yoon Jeong, Jin-Kyoung Oh
BACKGROUND: Abnormalities in the clinical markers of metabolic syndrome (MS) are associated with the development of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and some cancers. MS prevalence in Korea increased between the mid-1990s and mid-2000s; however, no data on the recent trends of MS prevalence are available. Thus, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of MS, the five components of MS, and the related risk factors in Korean adults by using recent data. METHODS: Data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted between 2008 and 2013 were used...
January 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081191/recreational-physical-activity-and-premenstrual-syndrome-in-young-adult-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Aimee R Kroll-Desrosiers, Alayne G Ronnenberg, Sofija E Zagarins, Serena C Houghton, Biki B Takashima-Uebelhoer, Elizabeth R Bertone-Johnson
INTRODUCTION: It is estimated that up to 75% of premenopausal women experience at least one premenstrual symptom and 8-20% meet clinical criteria for premenstrual syndrome. Premenstrual syndrome substantially reduces quality of life for many women of reproductive age, with pharmaceutical treatments having limited efficacy and substantial side effects. Physical activity has been recommended as a method of reducing menstrual symptom severity. However, this recommendation is based on relatively little evidence, and the relationship between physical activity, premenstrual symptoms, and premenstrual syndrome remains unclear...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081171/a-higher-proportion-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-chinese-subjects-with-sleep-disordered-breathing-a-case-control-study-based-on-electrocardiogram-derived-sleep-analysis
#20
Ping-Huei Tseng, Pei-Lin Lee, Wei-Chung Hsu, Yan Ma, Yi-Chia Lee, Han-Mo Chiu, Yi-Lwun Ho, Ming-Fong Chen, Ming-Shiang Wu, Chung-Kang Peng
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS) has increased rapidly in Taiwan and worldwide. We aim to determine the association between sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and MS in a Chinese general population. METHODS: This case-control study recruited subjects who have undergone a prospective electrocardiogram-based cardiopulmonary coupling (CPC) sleep spectrogram as part of the periodic health check-ups at the National Taiwan University Hospital. Comprehensive anthropometrics, blood biochemistry, prevalence of MS and its individual components were compared with Bonferroni correction between 40 subjects with SDB, defined as the CPC-derived apnea-hypopnea index (CPC-AHI) >5 event/hour and 80 age- and sex-matched controls, defined as CPC-AHI <1 event/hour...
2017: PloS One
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