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Prevalence of metabolic syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915744/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-crossing-40-in-northern-india-time-to-act-fast-before-it-runs-out-of-proportions
#1
Yasmee Khan, Arati Lalchandani, Ajesh Chandra Gupta, Sagar Khadanga, Sanjeev Kumar
Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a constellation of high blood pressure, hyperglycemia, obesity, and dyslipidemia. Its presence makes the patient more prone for cardiovascular events. Its prevalence has been documented as 11%-41%. The present study was undertaken to find out the demographic profile of the MetS in Kanpur region of northern India. Materials and Methods: This is a hospital based, cross-sectional study with adequate sample size. Results: Out of the randomly selected 420 patients (232 males and 188 females), 172 cases (61 males and 111 females) were found to have MeTS adopting the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III criteria...
January 2018: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915523/the-prevalence-of-obesity-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-the-korean-military-compared-with-the-general-population
#2
Jung Hwan Lee, Da Hea Seo, Min Jung Nam, Geon Hui Lee, Dong Hee Yang, Min Joo Lee, Ung-Rim Choi, Seongbin Hong
Background: Obesity and related metabolic disorders are growing health challenges worldwide and individuals at military service are not exceptions. The purpose of this study was to examine the prevalence of obesity and metabolic syndrome (MS) in the Korean military and to compare with the general population. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 4,803 young military participants who underwent a corporal health-screening program between October 2013 and October 2014...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915239/non-communicable-disease-risk-factor-profile-among-public-employees-in-a-regional-city-in-northern-ethiopia
#3
Lemlem Weldegerima Gebremariam, Chifa Chiang, Hiroshi Yatsuya, Esayas Haregot Hilawe, Alemayehu Bayray Kahsay, Hagos Godefay, Loko Abraham, Yoshihisa Hirakawa, Hiroyasu Iso, Atsuko Aoyama
The burden of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) is increasing in Ethiopia. This study aims to describe the prevalence of NCD risk factors of public employees in a regional city in northern Ethiopia. We conducted a cross-sectional epidemiological study targeting men and women aged 25-64 years employed by public offices in Mekelle. The prevalence was age-standardized to the Ethiopian 2007 population. Among the 1380 subjects (823 men and 557 women), 68.7% had less than 1 serving of fruits and vegetables per day, 41...
June 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915215/brain-fogginess-gas-and-bloating-a-link-between-sibo-probiotics-and-metabolic-acidosis
#4
Satish S C Rao, Abdul Rehman, Siegfried Yu, Nicole Martinez de Andino
BACKGROUND: D-lactic acidosis is characterized by brain fogginess (BF) and elevated D-lactate and occurs in short bowel syndrome. Whether it occurs in patients with an intact gut and unexplained gas and bloating is unknown. We aimed to determine if BF, gas and bloating is associated with D-lactic acidosis and small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO). METHODS: Patients with gas, bloating, BF, intact gut, and negative endoscopic and radiological tests, and those without BF were evaluated...
June 19, 2018: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914625/differential-impacts-of-serum-vitamin-d-levels-and-age-at-menarche-on-metabolic-syndrome-in-premenopausal-and-postmenopausal-women-findings-from-the-korea-national-cohort
#5
Chan-Hee Jung, Ji-Oh Mok, Sung Woon Chang, Bora Lee, Ji Hyon Jang, Sukho Kang, Sang Hee Jung
It is suggested that vitamin D level and age at menarche are related to each other, and the prevalence of low vitamin D status and early menarche in women is increasing worldwide. Moreover, several studies revealed that both of them are associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS). Therefore, we hypothesized that there are significant associations among vitamin D status, age at menarche, and MetS and that the relationships differ according to menstrual state. We assessed whether the association among MetS, vitamin D, and menarche age is different between premenopausal and postmenopausal women and whether there is a change in risk of MetS according to vitamin D level in different age-at-menarche groups...
July 2018: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914093/the-role-of-low-density-lipoprotein-receptor-related-protein-1-in-lipid-metabolism-glucose-homeostasis-and-inflammation
#6
REVIEW
Virginia Actis Dato, Gustavo Alberto Chiabrando
Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a highly prevalent disorder which can be used to identify individuals with a higher risk for cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes. This metabolic syndrome is characterized by a combination of physiological, metabolic, and molecular alterations such as insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, and central obesity. The low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 1 (LRP1—A member of the LDL receptor family) is an endocytic and signaling receptor that is expressed in several tissues...
June 15, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911030/association-of-androgenetic-alopecia-with-metabolic-syndrome-a-case-control-study-on-100-patients-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-south-india
#7
K C Dharam Kumar, Yadalla Hari Kishan Kumar, Vivekananda Neladimmanahally
Background: Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is the most common cause of hair loss. Although it is a medically benign condition, it can have a significant psychosocial impact on patients. "Metabolic syndrome" (MetS) is a collection of clinical signs that focus on cardiovascular and diabetes-related parameters. Despite the high burden of AGA and MetS in India, specific data on the participants are relatively sparse. Aim of the Study: The aim of is to study the association of AGA with MetS and its parameters...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910627/performance-of-body-mass-index-and-percentage-of-body-fat-in-predicting-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-thai-adults
#8
Somlak Vanavanan, Pornpen Srisawasdi, Mana Rochanawutanon, Nalinee Kumproa, Khanat Kruthkul, Martin H Kroll
Background: Body mass index (BMI) and percentage of body fat (PBF) are used to measure obesity; however, their performance in identifying cardiometabolic risk in Southeast Asians is unclear. Generally, Asian women have higher PBF and lower BMI than do men and other ethnic populations. This study was conducted to address whether a discord exists between these measures in predicting obesity-related cardiometabolic risk in a Thai population and to test whether associations between the measures and risk factors for cardiovascular disease have a sex-specific inclination...
2018: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910068/leisure-time-physical-activity-at-moderate-and-high-intensity-is-associated-with-parameters-of-body-composition-muscle-strength-and-sarcopenia-in-aged-adults-with-obesity-and-metabolic-syndrome-from-the-predimed-plus-study
#9
Nuria Rosique-Esteban, Nancy Babio, Andrés Díaz-López, Dora Romaguera, J Alfredo Martínez, Vicente Martin Sanchez, Helmut Schröder, Ramón Estruch, Josep Vidal, Pilar Buil-Cosiales, Jadwiga Konieczna, Itziar Abete, Jordi Salas-Salvadó
AIMS: We aimed to examine the associations of leisure-time physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) with the prevalence of sarcopenia, body composition and muscle strength among older adults having overweight/obesity and metabolic syndrome, from the PREDIMED-Plus trial. METHODS: Cross-sectional baseline analysis including 1539 men and women (65 ± 5 y). Sarcopenia was defined as low muscle mass (according to FNIH cut-offs) plus low muscle strength (lowest sex-specific tertile for 30-s chair-stand test)...
June 6, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906034/schmidt%C3%A2-s-syndrome-a-difficult-diagnosis-in-the-latin-american-context
#10
Claudia Barreda-Velit, Rodrigo Salcedo-Pereda, Jesús Ticona
Background: Schmidt’s syndrome, also known as poliglandular autoimmune syndrome type 2, is a rare disease that has a prevalence between 1.5-4.5 cases per 100 000 inhabitants. The diagnosis consists in the concomitant presentation of Addison disease, autoimmune thyroid disease and other autoimmune endocrinological conditions. The aim of this paper is to describe a case of Schmidt’s syndrome in the peruvian context and to analyze the difficulties in the diagnosis. Clinical case: We present the case of a 43-year-old woman that presents to the emergency room with headache, nausea, vomits and a “syncope episode”...
March 2018: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904633/physiology-of-hyperuricemia-and-urate-lowering-treatments
#11
REVIEW
Caroline L Benn, Pinky Dua, Rachel Gurrell, Peter Loudon, Andrew Pike, R Ian Storer, Ciara Vangjeli
Gout is the most common form of inflammatory arthritis and is a multifactorial disease typically characterized by hyperuricemia and monosodium urate crystal deposition predominantly in, but not limited to, the joints and the urinary tract. The prevalence of gout and hyperuricemia has increased in developed countries over the past two decades and research into the area has become progressively more active. We review the current field of knowledge with emphasis on active areas of hyperuricemia research including the underlying physiology, genetics and epidemiology, with a focus on studies which suggest association of hyperuricemia with common comorbidities including cardiovascular disease, renal insufficiency, metabolic syndrome and diabetes...
2018: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903175/-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-family-factors-for-children-and-adolescents-in-chongqing-city-in-2014
#12
Xuting Cheng, Hong Wang, Baocheng Yuan, Peiyu Guan, Lingyi Wang
OBJECTIVE: To study the prevalence and family factors on metabolic syndrome( MS) in children and adolescents for Chongqing City. METHODS: Multi-stage cluster sampling was used to recruit 1309 children and adolescents between 10 and 17 years old for physical examination( height, weight, waist circumference and blood pressure), blood biochemical examination( fasting plasma glucose, triglyceride, total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol and low density lipoprotein cholesterol)and questionnaire for family factors( breast feeding, delivery mode, birth weight, education of parents, height and weight of parents, family history of hypertension and diabetes, and so on)...
July 2017: Wei Sheng Yan Jiu, Journal of Hygiene Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902116/association-between-the-modified-dietary-approaches-to-stop-hypertension-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-postmenopausal-women-without-diabetes
#13
Seok Hui Kang, Kyu Hyang Cho, Jun Young Do
BACKGROUND: The aim of our study was to evaluate the association between the dietary approaches to stop hypertension (DASH) and metabolic syndrome in postmenopausal Korean women without diabetes. METHODS: Our study enrolled postmenopaual women without diabetes (n = 6826). We used the DASH-Korean quartile (KQ) model using six nutrients. For protein, fiber, calcium, and potassium, we scored 1 for the first quartile (1Q), 2 for the second quartile (2Q), 3 for the third quartile (3Q), and 4 for the fourth quartile (4Q)...
June 14, 2018: Metabolic Syndrome and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901625/high-density-lipoprotein-cholesterol-functionality-and-metabolic-syndrome-protocol-for-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Leonardo Roever, Elmiro Santos Resende, Angélica Lemos Debs Diniz, Nilson Penha-Silva, João Lucas O'Connell, Paulo Fernando Silva Gomes, Hugo Ribeiro Zanetti, Anaisa Silva Roerver-Borges, Fernando César Veloso, Fernanda Rodrigues de Souza, Poliana Rodrigues Alves Duarte, Thiago Montes Fidale, Antonio Casella-Filho, Paulo Magno Martins Dourado, Antonio Carlos Palandri Chagas, Sadeq Ali-Hasan-Al-Saegh, Paulo Eduardo Ocke Reis, Rogério de Melo Costa Pinto, Gustavo B F Oliveira, Álvaro Avezum, Mansueto Neto, André Rodrigues Durães, Rose Mary Ferreira Lisboa da Silva, Antonio José Grande, Celise Denardi, Renato Delascio Lopes, Nitesh Nerlekar, Shahab Alizadeh, Adrian V Hernandez, Maria Inês da Rosa, Giuseppe Biondi-Zoccai
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and MetS-related stroke is set to increase dramatically in coming decades. MetS is a complex disease that includes endothelial dysfunction, insulin resistance, diabetes, hypertension, ectopic obesity, and dyslipidaemia and an increased risk of cardiovascular events. One function of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol (HDL-C) is the cholesterol-efflux pathway, which is the pathway where cholesterol is removed from macrophages within the arterial walls back into the bloodstream and out to the liver...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900658/the-association-between-periodontal-disease-severity-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-vietnamese-patients
#15
Tav Pham
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between periodontal disease severity and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in a group of Vietnamese patients. METHODS: A total of 412 participants (114 males, 298 females, average age 57.8 ± 5.7 years) including 206 patients with MetS and 206 participants without MetS were selected for this study. Information on sociodemographic characteristics, dental behaviours and smoking status was collected from a self-administrated questionnaire...
June 14, 2018: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900131/the-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-iran-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Saeideh Mazloomzadeh, Zahra Rashidi Khazaghi, Nouraddin Mousavinasab
Background: Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a collection of metabolic disorders which leads to early cardiovascular disease and diabetes type II. Regarding the wide range of its prevalence in Iran, this systematic review and meta-analysis determined the overall prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in Iran. Methods: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, the Medline, ISI, IranMedex, and SID were searched using "metabolic syndrome", "syndrome X", "prevalence", and "Iran" keywords from 2002 to 2012...
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898045/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-metabolic-syndrome-among-brazilian-adult-population-national-health-survey-2013
#17
Elyssia Karine Nunes Mendonça Ramires, Risia Cristina Egito de Menezes, Giovana Longo-Silva, Taíse Gama Dos Santos, Patrícia de Menezes Marinho, Jonas Augusto Cardoso da Silveira
BACKGROUND: In Brazil, population-based researches analyzing prevalence and factors associated with metabolic syndrome (MS), a recognized predictor of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), and an important cause of disability and death in the country are scarce. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate prevalence of MS and its associated factors in Brazilian population. METHODS: Secondary analysis of the 2013 National Health Survey, a cross-sectional survey with national representativeness of Brazilian adult population (n = 59,402)...
May 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898043/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-framingham-risk-score-in-vegetarian-and-omnivorous-apparently-healthy-men
#18
EDITORIAL
Francisco Antonio Helfenstein Fonseca, Maria Cristina de Oliveira Izar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898042/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-framingham-risk-score-in-apparently-healthy-vegetarian-and-omnivorous-men
#19
Julio Cesar Acosta Navarro, Luiza Antoniazzi, Adriana Midori Oki, Maria Carlos Bonfim, Valeria Hong, Luiz Aparecido Bortolotto, Pedro Acosta-Cardenas, Valeria Sandrim, Marcio Hiroshi Miname, Raul Dias Dos Santos Filho
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have shown a lower prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MSyn) in vegetarians (VEG) despite the inconclusive evidence from others. OBJECTIVE: To verify the association between diet and other lifestyle characteristics and the prevalence of MSyn, cardiovascular risk factors (CRF), and Framingham Risk Score (FRS) in apparently healthy VEG and omnivorous (OMN) men. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 88 apparently healthy men ≥ 35 years, 44 VEG and 44 OMN, were assessed for anthropometric data, blood pressure, blood lipids, glucose, C-reactive protein (CRP) and FRS...
May 2018: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895033/metabolic-syndrome-in-hypopituitarism
#20
Dragana Miljić, Vera Popovic
Prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and mortality rates from cardiovascular causes are increased in patients with hypopituitarism. Features of obesity, visceral adiposity, dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, and hypertension are common in these patients. Unreplaced growth hormone (GH) deficiency and inadequate replacement of other hormone insufficiencies may be responsible for the adverse body composition and metabolic profile associated with hypopituitarism. Recently, fatty liver disease was added to this unfavorable metabolic phenotype...
2018: Frontiers of Hormone Research
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