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Prevalence of metabolic syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214752/metabolic-syndrome-and-cardiovascular-risk-among-institutionalized-patients-with-schizophrenia-receiving-long-term-tertiary-care
#1
Lee Seng Esmond Seow, Siow Ann Chong, Peizhi Wang, Saleha Shafie, Hui Lin Ong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) and cardiovascular risk are highly prevalent among individuals with schizophrenia. This study aimed to determine the cardiometabolic profile and the associated risk factors in a group of institutionalized patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder receiving prolonged hospital care in the only tertiary psychiatric institution in Singapore. METHODS: Patients residing in long stay wards who were hospitalized for a minimum period of 1year were recruited...
February 2, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212499/validation-of-the-french-version-of-the-dsm-5-yale-food-addiction-scale-in-a-nonclinical-sample
#2
Paul Brunault, Robert Courtois, Ashley N Gearhardt, Philippe Gaillard, Kevin Journiac, Sarah Cathelain, Christian Réveillère, Nicolas Ballon
OBJECTIVE: The Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) is the only questionnaire that assesses food addiction (FA) based on substance dependence criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), Fourth Edition, Text Revision. Following recent updating of addiction criteria, a new DSM-5 version (YFAS 2.0) has been developed. Our study tested the psychometric properties of the French YFAS 2.0 in a nonclinical population. METHOD: We assessed 330 nonclinical participants for FA (French YFAS 2...
March 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212408/prevalence-and-associated-comorbidities-of-restless-legs-syndrome-rls-data-from-a-large-population-based-door-to-door-survey-on-19176-adults-in-tehran-iran
#3
Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Arash Rahmani, Mahdiyeh Shafieesabet, Mahshid Soori, Ahmad Delbari, Mohammad Reza Motamed, Johan Lökk
BACKGROUND: Discrepancies have been reported in the prevalence rate of restless legs syndrome (RLS) among different ethnic groups and geographic populations. Furthermore, there are disagreements on determinant factors and associated comorbidities of RLS. We aimed to estimate prevalence of RLS and investigate its associated comorbid conditions and risk factors in a large population-based door-to-door survey. METHODS: Following a multistage random sampling from the households lived in 22 urban districts of Tehran, Iran, 19176 participants with ≥30 years of age were recruited...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210913/dietary-and-commercialized-fructose-sweet-or-sour
#4
REVIEW
Aslihan Yerlikaya, Tuncay Dagel, Christopher King, Masanari Kubawara, Miguel A Lanaspa, Ana Andres-Hernando, Adrian Covic, Jacek Manitius, Alan A Sag, Mehmet Kanbay
Metabolic syndrome and diabetes are main health problems of modern life in the twenty-first century. Alarming ratios of global prevalence lead to conduct more and more researches about etiological factors and pathogenesis. Disease mechanism is elementary for advancing more efficient and practicable treatment methods. Concurrent increase in both fructose consumption with Western diet and metabolic syndrome has revealed fructose hypothesis that suggests fructose as one of etiological factor of metabolic syndrome (insulin resistance, central obesity, hypertension, etc...
February 16, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209494/effect-of-early-onset-preeclampsia-on-cardiovascular-risk-in-the-fifth-decade-of-life
#5
Anouk Bokslag, Pim W Teunissen, Constantijn Franssen, Floortje van Kesteren, Otto Kamp, Wessel Ganzevoort, Walter J Paulus, Christianne J M de Groot
BACKGROUND: Women with hypertensive disorders in pregnancy, in particular early-onset preeclampsia, are at increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease later in life. These women have a more than two-fold increased risk to die from cardiovascular diseases. Most studies focused on identification of risk factors shortly after pregnancy. Less is known on the prevalence of risk factors or actual signs of cardiovascular disease 5 - 20 years later. The presence of hypertension or metabolic syndrome can be seen as an opportunity for preventive interventions to reduce the development of severe cardiovascular diseases like myocardial infarction and stroke...
February 13, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209386/dietary-therapy-in-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-and-or-left-ventricular-diastolic-dysfunction-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome
#6
REVIEW
Helene von Bibra, Alexander Ströhle, Martin St John Sutton, Nicolai Worm
BACKGROUND: Heart failure is an ongoing epidemic of left ventricular (LV) dilatation and/or dysfunction due to the increasing prevalence of predisposing risk factors such as age, physical inactivity, (abdominal) obesity, and type-2-diabetes. Approximately half of these patients have diastolic heart failure (HFpEF). The prognosis of HFpEF is comparable to that of systolic heart failure, but without any known effective treatment. DIASTOLIC DYSFUNCTION: A biomathematically corrected diagnostic approach is presented that quantifies diastolic dysfunction via the predominant age dependency of LV diastolic function and unmasks (metabolic) risk factors, that are independent of age and, therefore, potential targets for therapy...
January 5, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209348/effects-of-metabolically-healthy-and-unhealthy-obesity-on-prolongation-of-corrected-qt-interval
#7
Xiaofan Guo, Zhao Li, Liang Guo, Shasha Yu, Hongmei Yang, Liqiang Zheng, Guowei Pan, Yonghong Zhang, Yingxian Sun, Mark J Pletcher
Although obesity and the metabolic syndrome (MS) often co-occur, many obese (OB) subjects have a favorable metabolic profile. It is unclear whether these factors independently influence cardiac electrophysiology including prolongation of the QT interval. We examined associations among obesity, MS, and prolonged corrected QT (QTc) interval in a large sample of Chinese research participants aged ≥35 years recruited from rural areas of Liaoning Province during 2012 to 2013. Of the 11,209 participants, 6,364 (56...
January 25, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208909/evaluation-of-association-of-hyperuricaemia-with-metabolic-syndrome-and-insulin-resistance
#8
Naveen Reddy Avula, Damodar Shenoy
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) ranges from <10% to as much as 84% depending on region and composition of the population studied. The MetS is a growing public health problem in the world. AIM: To evaluate association of hyperuricaemia with components of MetS and insulin resistance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty patients with MetS were conveniently recruited. MetS was defined as per Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP III) guidelines...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208723/the-optimal-ethnic-specific-waist-circumference-cut-off-points-of-metabolic-syndrome-among-low-income-rural-uyghur-adults-in-far-western-china-and-implications-in-preventive-public-health
#9
Jia He, Rulin Ma, Jiaming Liu, Mei Zhang, Yusong Ding, Heng Guo, Lati Mu, Jingyu Zhang, Bin Wei, Yizhong Yan, Jiaolong Ma, Hongrui Pang, Shugang Li, Shuxia Guo
Background: Metabolic syndrome is pandemic; however, the cut-off values for waist circumference (WC) vary widely depending on the ethnic groups studied and the criteria applied for WC measurement. Previous studies for defining optimal WC cut-off points included high-income and urban settings, and did not cover low-income, rural settings, especially for ethnic minorities. This study aimed at defining optimal ethnic-specific WC cut-off points in a low-income, rural population comprising the largest inhabitant minority group residing in far Western China...
February 8, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207497/concurrent-presence-of-inflammation-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-exacerbates-the-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome-a-koges-6-year-follow-up-study
#10
Jinkwan Kim, Dae Wui Yoon, Seung Ku Lee, Seunggwan Lee, Kyung-Mee Choi, Thomas J Robert, Chol Shin
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) leads to multiple end-organ morbidities that are mediated by the cumulative burden of oxidative stress and inflammation. Both OSA and inflammation play key roles in increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Thus, we hypothesized that the combination of inflammation and OSA could accelerate the development of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in a large cohort study.A total of 1835 participants were randomly selected from the ongoing Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study for the years between 2007 and 2015...
February 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202634/dietary-patterns-are-associated-with-metabolic-outcomes-among-adult-samoans-in-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Dongqing Wang, Nicola L Hawley, Avery A Thompson, Viali Lameko, Muagatutia Sefuiva Reupena, Stephen T McGarvey, Ana Baylin
Background: The Samoan population has been undergoing a nutrition transition toward more imported and processed foods and a more sedentary lifestyle.Objectives: We aimed to identify dietary patterns in Samoa and to evaluate their associations with metabolic outcomes.Methods: The sample of this cross-sectional study includes 2774 Samoan adults recruited in 2010 (1104 with metabolic syndrome compared with 1670 without). Principal component analysis on food items from a 104-item food-frequency questionnaire was used to identify dietary patterns...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202344/testosterone-replacement-therapy-and-components-of-the-metabolic-syndrome
#12
REVIEW
James Anaissie, Natalie H Roberts, Ping Wang, Faysal A Yafi
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) is rapidly increasing in the United States and, because of its strong association with male hypogonadism, has become a significant topic of interest in the sexual medicine community. At the center of this conversation is the efficacy and safety of testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) as a therapeutic option for HG and MetS. AIM: To provide a review of the current literature pertaining to TRT and MetS. METHODS: A thorough literature review was performed to review the relation between TRT and MetS using the PubMed online database from 1976 through 2016 with the keywords testosterone, hypogonadism, metabolic syndrome, and testosterone therapy...
February 12, 2017: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201955/the-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-different-obesity-phenotype-in-iranian-male-military-personnel
#13
Moloud Payab, Shirin Hasani-Ranjbar, Yaser Merati, Alireza Esteghamati, Mostafa Qorbani, Mahboobeh Hematabadi, Hoda Rashidian, Nooshin Shirzad
Obesity, especially when concentrated in the abdominal area, is often associated with the presence of metabolic syndrome. Stress, particularly occupational stress, is one of the most important factors contributing to the increased prevalence of metabolic syndrome components among different populations. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of overweight and obesity as well as the criteria for metabolic syndrome and its risk factors and different obesity phenotype in a population of military personnel aged 20 to 65 years...
March 2017: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28201826/adiposity-indexes-as-phenotype-specific-markers-of-preclinical-metabolic-alterations-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Fernanda Missio Mario, Scheila Karen Graff, Poli Mara Spritzer
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common condition in women of reproductive age. 2 PCOS phenotypes (classic and ovulatory) are currently recognized as the most prevalent, with important differences in terms of cardiometabolic features. We studied the performance of different adiposity indexes to predict preclinical metabolic alterations and cardiovascular risk in 234 women with PCOS (173 with classic and 61 with ovulatory PCOS) and 129 controls. Performance of waist circumference, waist-to-height ratio, conicity index, lipid accumulation product, and visceral adiposity index was assessed based on HOMA-IR ≥ 3...
February 15, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197835/selenium-vanadium-and-chromium-as-micronutrients-to-improve-metabolic-syndrome
#15
REVIEW
Sunil K Panchal, Stephen Wanyonyi, Lindsay Brown
Trace metals play an important role in the proper functioning of carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. Some of the trace metals are thus essential for maintaining homeostasis, while deficiency of these trace metals can cause disorders with metabolic and physiological imbalances. This article concentrates on three trace metals (selenium, vanadium, and chromium) that may play crucial roles in controlling blood glucose concentrations possibly through their insulin-mimetic effects. For these trace metals, the level of evidence available for their health effects as supplements is weak...
March 2017: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197293/the-prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-coronary-artery-disease-patients
#16
Farzaneh Montazerifar, Ahmad Bolouri, Milad Mahmoudi Mozaffar, Mansour Karajibani
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a worldwide health problem, which is growing in Iranian adults. MetS is associated with risk of type 2 diabetes and coronary artery disease (CAD). In this study, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of MetS and its individual components in CAD patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed on 200 CAD patients who had undergone elective coronary angiography at the cardiology department. Anthropometric indices including waist circumference (WC) and body mass index were measured...
December 2016: Cardiology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195177/prevalence-of-nonalcoholic-steatohepatitis-associated-cirrhosis-in-the-united-states-an-analysis-of-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-data
#17
Mohammad Nasser Kabbany, Praveen Kumar Conjeevaram Selvakumar, Kymberly Watt, Rocio Lopez, Zade Akras, Nizar Zein, William Carey, Naim Alkhouri
OBJECTIVES: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) includes a wide spectrum of manifestations ranging from nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), fibrosis and eventually cirrhosis. The prevalence of NAFLD has been shown to be increasing over time; however, the prevalence of NASH cirrhosis and advanced fibrosis over time has not been well studied. Estimate the changes in prevalence of NASH cirrhosis and NAFLD-associated advanced fibrosis among adults in the United States...
February 14, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193574/effects-of-preterm-birth-and-fetal-growth-retardation-on-life-course-cardiovascular-risk-factors-among-schoolchildren-from-colombia-the-fuprecol-study
#18
Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Emilio Villa-González, Javier Martínez-Torres, Anthony C Hackney, Antonio García-Hermoso
BACKGROUND: Both fetal growth restriction and prematurity have been associated with cardiometabolic risk in youth and adults, however, data on their combined effects on cardiometabolic health in youth are scarce. AIMS: This study aimed at assessing the effects of birth weight and gestational age combined on life-course cardiovascular risk factors and obesity among schoolchildren from Colombia. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SUBJECTS: Participants comprised 2510 Colombian schoolchildren (54...
February 10, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193268/adipokines-insulin-resistance-and-adiposity-as-a-predictors-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-child-survivors-of-lymphoma-and-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-of-a-developing-country
#19
Lourdes Barbosa-Cortés, Mardia López-Alarcón, Juan Manuel Mejía-Aranguré, Miguel Klünder-Klünder, María Del Carmen Rodríguez-Zepeda, Hugo Rivera-Márquez, Alan de la Vega-Martínez, Jorge Martin-Trejo, Juan Shum-Luis, Karina Solis-Labastida, Enrique López-Aguilar, Guadalupe Matute-González, Roberto Bernaldez-Rios
BACKGROUND: There is a growing body of evidence indicating that pediatric survivors of cancer are at a greater risk of developing metabolic syndrome. This study evaluated some probable predictors of metabolic syndrome (MS), such as leptin and adiponectin concentrations, the leptin/adiponectin ratio, insulin resistance, and adiposity, in a sample of child survivors of lymphoma and leukemia in Mexico City. METHODS: Fifty two children (leukemia n = 26, lymphoma n = 26), who were within the first 5 years after cessation of therapy, were considered as eligible to participate in the study...
February 13, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191340/is-metabolic-syndrome-considered-to-be-a-risk-factor-for-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-non-erosive-or-erosive-esophagitis-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#20
REVIEW
Mohammad Mohammadi, Nahid Ramezani Jolfaie, Rooya Alipour, Mitra Zarrati
CONTEXT: The incidences of both gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and metabolic syndrome (MetS) have increased in recent years, and it has been suggested that there is a probable association between the two. The aim of this review is to clarify whether or not MetS is a risk factor for the incidence of GERD. EVIDENCE AQUISITION: We searched the PubMed, ProQuest, Ovid, Science Direct, and Google Scholar databases up to February 2015 regarding the relationship between GERD and MetS as found in observational studies...
November 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
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