keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Plant speciation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338010/gypsophila-bermejoi-g-l%C3%A3-pez-a-possible-case-of-speciation-repressed-by-bioclimatic-factors
#1
Miguel de Luis, Carmen Bartolomé, Óscar García Cardo, Julio Álvarez-Jiménez
Gypsophila bermejoi G. López is an allopolyploid species derived from the parental G. struthium L. subsp. struthium and G. tomentosa L. All these plants are gypsophytes endemic to the Iberian Peninsula of particular ecological, evolutionary and biochemical interest. In this study, we present evidence of a possible repression on the process of G. bermejoi speciation by climatic factors. We modelled the ecological niches of the three taxa considered here using a maximum entropy approach and employing a series of bioclimatic variables...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335544/transposon-derived-small-rnas-triggered-by-mir845-mediate-genome-dosage-response-in-arabidopsis
#2
Filipe Borges, Jean-Sébastien Parent, Frédéric van Ex, Philip Wolff, German Martínez, Claudia Köhler, Robert A Martienssen
Chromosome dosage has substantial effects on reproductive isolation and speciation in both plants and animals, but the underlying mechanisms are largely obscure 1 . Transposable elements in animals can regulate hybridity through maternal small RNA 2 , whereas small RNAs in plants have been postulated to regulate dosage response via neighboring imprinted genes3,4. Here we show that a highly conserved microRNA in plants, miR845, targets the tRNAMet primer-binding site (PBS) of long terminal repeat (LTR) retrotransposons in Arabidopsis pollen, and triggers the accumulation of 21-22-nucleotide (nt) small RNAs in a dose-dependent fashion via RNA polymerase IV...
January 15, 2018: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335176/arsenic-characteristics-in-the-terrestrial-environment-in-the-vicinity-of-the-shimen-realgar-mine-china
#3
Fen Yang, Shaowen Xie, Chaoyang Wei, Jinxin Liu, Hongzhi Zhang, Tao Chen, Jing Zhang
In this study, multiple types of samples, including soils, plants, litter and soil invertebrates, were collected from a former arsenic (As) mine in China. The total As concentrations in the soils, earthworms, litter and the aboveground portions of grass from the contaminated area followed the decreasing order of 83-2224 mg/kg, 31-430 mg/kg, 1-62 mg/kg and 2-23 mg/kg, respectively. X-ray absorption near-edge structure (XANES) analysis revealed that the predominant form of As in the soils was arsenate (As(V)), while no arsenite (As(III)) was detected...
January 12, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334601/out-of-sight-but-no-longer-out-of-mind-towards-an-increased-recognition-of-the-role-of-soil-microbes-in-plant-speciation
#4
József Geml, Maggie R Wagner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331896/environmentally-available-hexavalent-chromium-in-soils-and-sediments-impacted-by-dispersed-fly-ash-in-sarigkiol-basin-northern-greece
#5
Nerantzis Kazakis, Nikolaos Kantiranis, Kyriaki Kalaitzidou, Efthimia Kaprara, Manassis Mitrakas, Robert Frei, George Vargemezis, Dimitrios Vogiatzis, Anastasios Zouboulis, Anestis Filippidis
Hexavalent chromium is one of the most toxic and carcinogenic species known and can be released into the environment from several sources. In Sarigkiol basin (N Greece) the presence of Cr(VI) in soil, sediments and groundwater may originate from both natural (ophiolitic rocks and their weathering products) and anthropogenic (dispersed fly ash produced from lignite power plants) sources. In this study, the distribution of contents and origin of environmentally available Cr(VI) in soils, sediments, regoliths and fly ash of Sarigkiol basin is presented...
January 11, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328635/adsorption-and-molecular-fractionation-of-dissolved-organic-matter-on-iron-bearing-mineral-matrices-of-varying-crystallinity
#6
Elizabeth K Coward, Tsutomu Ohno, Alain F Plante
Iron (Fe)-bearing mineral phases contribute disproportionately to adsorption of soil organic matter (SOM), due to their elevated chemical reactivity and specific surface area (SSA). However, the spectrum of Fe solid-phase speciation present in oxidation-reduction-active soils challenges analysis of SOM-mineral interactions and may induce differential molecular fractionation of dissolved organic matter (DOM). This work used paired selective dissolution experiments and batch sorption of post-extraction residues to 1) quantify the contributions of Fe-bearing minerals of varying crystallinity to DOM sorption, and 2) characterize molecular fractionation using Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance mass spectrometry (FT-ICR-MS)...
January 12, 2018: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318486/effects-of-an-additive-hydroxyapatite-biochar-zeolite-on-the-chemical-speciation-of-cd-and-as-in-paddy-soils-and-their-accumulation-and-translocation-in-rice-plants
#7
Jiao-Feng Gu, Hang Zhou, Wen-Tao Yang, Pei-Qin Peng, Ping Zhang, Min Zeng, Bo-Han Liao
A pot experiment was carried out to investigate the remediation of paddy soils contaminated with both Cd and As. The effects of a soil additive (HZB: hydroxyapatite + zeolite + biochar) on the chemical speciation of Cd and As in the soil and on the accumulation and translocation of these two elements in rice plants were studied. The application of HZB decreased the concentration of acid-extractable Cd in the soil by 7.3-32.6% by promoting the transformation of soil Cd from soluble to insoluble species; as a result, the concentration of organically bound Cd in the soil increased by 6...
January 9, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316418/reproduction-plant-parentage-%C3%A3-trois
#8
Thomas Dresselhaus, Mark A Johnson
Blocks to polyspermy are thought to be universally adaptive because they prevent lethal genome imbalance and chromosome segregation defects. However, two recent reports show that plants with two male parents are viable and could contribute significantly to polyploid speciation.
January 8, 2018: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306071/humic-acids-decrease-uptake-and-distribution-of-trace-metals-but-not-the-growth-of-radish-exposed-to-cadmium-toxicity
#9
Gabrijel Ondrasek, Zed Rengel, Davor Romic
Naturally-occurring highly-complexed and polymerised organics such as humic acids (HA), due to their large negative charge, play a crucial role in biogeochemistry of trace metals (TM). Toxic (Cd) as well as essential (Zn, Cu, Mn) TM bind strongly to HA, but how these organo-metalic forms influence metal uptake by plants is poorly understood. A solution culture study was conducted to characterize the effects of different concentrations of HA (0-225mg/L) on the growth and element uptake/distribution in roots, shoots and hypocotyls of radish (Raphanus sativus L...
January 3, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302994/environmental-impact-and-bioremediation-of-seleniferous-soils-and-sediments
#10
Shrutika L Wadgaonkar, Yarlagadda V Nancharaiah, Giovanni Esposito, Piet N L Lens
Selenium concentrations in the soil environment are directly linked to its transfer in the food chain, eventually causing either deficiency or toxicity associated with several physiological dysfunctions in animals and humans. Selenium bioavailability depends on its speciation in the soil environment, which is mainly influenced by the prevailing pH, redox potential, and organic matter content of the soil. The selenium cycle in the environment is primarily mediated through chemical and biological selenium transformations...
January 5, 2018: Critical Reviews in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301332/arsenic-uptake-toxicity-detoxification-and-speciation-in-plants-physiological-biochemical-and-molecular-aspects
#11
REVIEW
Ghulam Abbas, Behzad Murtaza, Irshad Bibi, Muhammad Shahid, Nabeel Khan Niazi, Muhammad Imran Khan, Muhammad Amjad, Munawar Hussain
Environmental contamination with arsenic (As) is a global environmental, agricultural and health issue due to the highly toxic and carcinogenic nature of As. Exposure of plants to As, even at very low concentration, can cause many morphological, physiological, and biochemical changes. The recent research on As in the soil-plant system indicates that As toxicity to plants varies with its speciation in plants (e.g., arsenite, As(III); arsenate, As(V)), with the type of plant species, and with other soil factors controlling As accumulation in plants...
January 2, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300817/diversification-in-continental-island-archipelagos-new-evidence-on-the-roles-of-fragmentation-colonization-and-gene-flow-on-the-genetic-divergence-of-aegean-nigella-ranunculaceae
#12
Ursula Jaros, Andreas Tribsch, Hans Peter Comes
Background and Aims: Disentangling the relative roles of past fragmentation (vicariance), colonization (dispersal) and post-divergence gene flow in the genetic divergence of continental island organisms remains a formidable challenge. Amplified fragment length polymorphisms (AFLPs) were used to (1) gain further insights into the biogeographical processes underlying the Pleistocene diversification of the Aegean Nigella arvensis complex; (2) evaluate the role of potential key factors driving patterns of population genetic variability (mating system, geographical isolation and historical contingencies); and (3) test the robustness of conclusions previously drawn from chloroplast (cp) DNA...
December 29, 2017: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300816/phylogeographic-analysis-of-the-east-asian-goldenrod-solidago-virgaurea-complex-asteraceae-reveals-hidden-ecological-diversification-with-recurrent-formation-of-ecotypes
#13
Shota Sakaguchi, Takuma Kimura, Ryuta Kyan, Masayuki Maki, Takako Nishino, Naoko Ishikawa, Atsushi J Nagano, Mie N Honjo, Masaki Yasugi, Hiroshi Kudoh, Pan Li, Hyeok Jae Choi, Olga A Chernyagina, Motomi Ito
Background and Aims: The processes and mechanisms underlying lineage diversification are major topics in evolutionary biology. Eurasian goldenrod species of the Solidago virgaurea complex show remarkable morphological and ecological diversity in the Japanese Archipelago, with ecotypic taxa well adapted to specific environments (climate, edaphic conditions and disturbance regimes). The species complex is a suitable model to investigate the evolutionary processes of actively speciating plant groups, due to its ability to evolve in relation to environmental adaptation and its historical population dynamics...
December 29, 2017: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291050/bioclimatic-niches-are-conserved-and-unrelated-to-pollination-syndromes-in-antillean-gesneriaceae
#14
Hermine Alexandre, Julie Faure, Steven Ginzbarg, John Clark, Simon Joly
The study of the evolution of abiotic niches can be informative regarding the speciation drivers in a given group. Yet, two factors that could potentially affect niche evolution have seldom been addressed concomitantly, which are biotic interactions and geographical isolation. In this study, we used as a model group the Antillean plant genera Gesneria and Rhytidophyllum (Gesneriaceae) to evaluate the effect of pollinators and geographical isolation on the bioclimatic niche. These genera possess species characterized by interspecific geographical isolation in different islands and are pollinated by different pollinators...
November 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282842/evolution-within-the-fungal-genus-verticillium-is-characterized-by-chromosomal-rearrangement-and-gene-loss
#15
Xiaoqian Shi-Kunne, Luigi Faino, Grardy C M van den Berg, Bart P H J Thomma, Michael F Seidl
The fungal genus Verticillium contains ten species, some of which are notorious plant pathogens causing vascular wilt diseases in host plants, while others are known as saprophytes and opportunistic plant pathogens. Whereas the genome of V. dahliae, the most notorious plant pathogen of the genus, has been well characterized, evolution and speciation of other members of the genus received little attention thus far. Here, we sequenced the genomes of the nine haploid Verticillium spp. to study evolutionary trajectories of their divergence from a last common ancestor...
December 28, 2017: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281664/diversification-rates-host-plant-shifts-and-an-updated-molecular-phylogeny-of-andean-eois-moths-lepidoptera-geometridae
#16
Patrick Strutzenberger, Gunnar Brehm, Brigitte Gottsberger, Florian Bodner, Carlo Lutz Seifert, Konrad Fiedler
Eois is one of the best-investigated genera of tropical moths. Its close association with Piper plants has inspired numerous studies on life histories, phylogeny and evolutionary biology. This study provides an updated view on phylogeny, host plant use and temporal patterns of speciation in Eois. Using sequence data (2776 bp) from one mitochondrial (COI) and one nuclear gene (Ef1-alpha) for 221 Eois species, we confirm and reinforce previous findings regarding temporal patterns of diversification. Deep diversification within Andean Eois took place in the Miocene followed by a sustained high rate of diversification until the Pleistocene when a pronounced slowdown of speciation is evident...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275933/speciation-of-organic-fraction-does-matter-for-source-apportionment-part-1-a-one-year-campaign-in-grenoble-france
#17
Deepchandra Srivastava, Sophie Tomaz, Olivier Favez, Grazia Maria Lanzafame, Benjamin Golly, Jean-Luc Besombes, Laurent Y Alleman, Jean-Luc Jaffrezo, Véronique Jacob, Emilie Perraudin, Eric Villenave, Alexandre Albinet
PM10 source apportionment was performed by positive matrix factorization (PMF) using specific primary and secondary organic molecular markers on samples collected over a one year period (2013) at an urban station in Grenoble (France). The results provided a 9-factor optimum solution, including sources rarely apportioned in the literature, such as two types of primary biogenic organic aerosols (fungal spores and plant debris), as well as specific biogenic and anthropogenic secondary organic aerosols (SOA). These sources were identified thanks to the use of key organic markers, namely, polyols, odd number higher alkanes, and several SOA markers related to the oxidation of isoprene, α-pinene, toluene and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)...
December 21, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274498/species-delimitation-within-the-bothryorrhynchapion-weevils-multiple-evidence-from-genetics-morphology-and-ecological-associations
#18
Łukasz Kajtoch, Matteo Montagna, Marek Wanat
Curculionidae is a hyperdiverse group of beetles, whose taxonomy and phylogenetics is still poorly understood, especially at the genus level. The latest work on the evolution of Apionini showed a noticeable "mess" in the subtribe Oxystomatina, where most of the morphology-based genera were found to be polyphyletic or paraphyletic. These discrepancies between classical taxonomy and molecular phylogenetics implied the need for further taxonomic revision of these groups. Here, we used sets of morphological, molecular and ecological characters to verify the taxonomic statuses and disentangle the phylogenetic relations among the Bothryorrhynchapion apionids, which are classified as a subgenus of Cyanapion...
December 20, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242164/rapid-allopolyploid-radiation-of-moonwort-ferns-botrychium-ophioglossaceae-revealed-by-pacbio-sequencing-of-homologous-and-homeologous-nuclear-regions
#19
Benjamin Dauphin, Jason R Grant, Donald R Farrar, Carl J Rothfels
Polyploidy is a major speciation process in vascular plants, and is postulated to be particularly important in shaping the diversity of extant ferns. However, limitations in the availability of bi-parental markers for ferns have greatly limited phylogenetic investigation of polyploidy in this group. With a large number of allopolyploid species, the genus Botrychium is a classic example in ferns where recurrent polyploidy is postulated to have driven frequent speciation events. Here, we use PacBio sequencing and the PURC bioinformatics pipeline to capture all homeologous or allelic copies of four long (∼1kb) low-copy nuclear regions from a sample of 45 specimens (25 diploids and 20 polyploids) representing 37 Botrychium taxa, and three outgroups...
December 11, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241155/dissolved-organic-matter-reduces-cuo-nanoparticle-toxicity-to-duckweed-in-simulated-natural-systems
#20
Devin A Rippner, Peter G Green, Thomas M Young, Sanjai J Parikh
With increasing demand for recycled wastewater for irrigation purposes, there is a need to evaluate the potential for manufactured nanomaterials in waste water to impact crop production and agroecosystems. Copper oxide nanoparticles (CuO NPs) have previously been shown to negatively impact the growth of duckweed (Landoltia punctata) a model aquatic plant consumed by water fowl and widely found in agricultural runoff ditches in temperate climates. However, prior studies involving CuO NP toxicity to duckweed have focused on systems without the presence of dissolved organic matter (DOM)...
December 11, 2017: Environmental Pollution
keyword
keyword
32031
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"