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Laparoscopy pediatric

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336475/intraoperative-rupture-of-ovarian-dermoid-cysts-in-the-pediatric-and-adolescent-population-should-this-change-your-surgical-management
#1
Krista J Childress, Gisselle Perez-Milicua, Julie Hakim, Oluyemisi Adeyemi-Fowode, Jennifer L Bercaw-Pratt, Xiomara M Santos, Jennifer E Dietrich
STUDY OBJECTIVE: 1) To determine the incidence of chemical peritonitis after cystectomy for ovarian dermoid cysts with intraoperative cyst rupture in the pediatric and adolescent population. 2) To examine the intraoperative and postoperative outcomes of cystectomies performed for ovarian dermoid cysts by laparoscopy and laparotomy, especially those with intraoperative cyst rupture. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study of females who underwent ovarian cystectomy with proven ovarian dermoid pathology between July 2007 and July 2015...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318439/focused-assessment-with-sonography-in-trauma-fast-in-2017-what-radiologists-can-learn
#2
John R Richards, John P McGahan
Focused assessment with sonography in trauma (FAST) has been extensively utilized and studied in blunt and penetrating trauma for the past 3 decades. Prior to FAST, invasive procedures such as diagnostic peritoneal lavage and exploratory laparotomy were commonly utilized to diagnose intraabdominal injury. Today the FAST examination has evolved into a more comprehensive study of the abdomen, heart, chest, and inferior vena cava, and many variations in technique, protocols, and interpretation exist. Trauma management strategies such as laparotomy, laparoscopy, endoscopy, computed tomographic angiography, angiographic intervention, serial imaging, and clinical observation have also changed over the years...
April 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293866/hidden-incision-endoscopic-surgery-hides-trocar-placement-for-pediatric-robotic-pyeloplasty-comparison-to-traditional-port-placement
#3
Yaejee H Hong, W Robert DeFoor, Pramod P Reddy, Marion Schulte, Eugene A Minevich, Brian A VanderBrink, Paul H Noh
Robotic assisted laparoscopy pyeloplasty (RALP) has been associated with shorter recovery, less pain and improved cosmesis. To minimize visible scars, the hidden incision endoscopic surgery (HIdES) trocar placement has been previously developed. Our aim was to compare outcomes between the HIdES and traditional port placement (TPP) for pediatric RALP. A retrospective study was performed on patients under 15 years of age who underwent RALP at a single institution between August 2011 and November 2013. Patient demographics, intraoperative details, narcotic administration, and complications were reviewed...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288777/outcomes-after-pediatric-open-laparoscopic-and-robotic-pyeloplasty-at-academic-institutions
#4
Yvonne Y Chan, Blythe Durbin-Johnson, Renea M Sturm, Eric A Kurzrock
INTRODUCTION: Patient age and hospital volume have been shown to affect perioperative outcomes after pediatric pyeloplasty. However, there are few multicenter studies that focus on outcomes at teaching hospitals, where many of the operations are performed. OBJECTIVE: The goal was to determine if surgical approach, age, case volume, or other factors influence perioperative outcomes in a large contemporary cohort. STUDY DESIGN: Using the clinical database/resource manager (CDB/RM) of the University Health-System Consortium (UHC), children who underwent open, laparoscopic, or robotic pyeloplasty from 2011 to 2014 were identified at 102 academic institutions...
February 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284732/reduction-in-surgical-fog-with-a-warm-humidified-gas-management-protocol-significantly-shortens-procedure-time-in-pediatric-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-procedures
#5
B Meenakshi-Sundaram, J R Furr, E Malm-Buatsi, B Boklage, E Nguyen, D Frimberger, B W Palmer
INTRODUCTION: The adoption of robot-assisted laparoscopic (RAL) procedures in the field of urology has occurred rapidly, but is, to date, without pediatric-specific instrumentation. Surgical fog is a significant barrier to safe and efficient laparoscopy. This appears to be a significant challenge when adapting three-dimensional 8.5-mm scopes to use in pediatric RAL surgery. The objective of the present study was to compare matched controls from a prospectively collected database to procedures that were performed utilizing special equipment and a protocol to minimize surgical fog in pediatric RAL procedures...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147253/minimally-invasive-vs-open-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-repair-is-there-a-superior-approach
#6
Luke R Putnam, Kuojen Tsao, Kevin P Lally, Martin L Blakely, Tim Jancelewicz, Pamela A Lally, Matthew T Harting
BACKGROUND: The minimally invasive surgery (MIS) approach for congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) repair remains controversial. Our objective was to compare outcomes and complications of the MIS and open approaches, with risk-stratification of patients based on defect size and key patient characteristics. STUDY DESIGN: The multinational CDH Study Group (CDHSG) registry was queried for the period from 2007 to 2015. Patient demographics and operative details, including the CDHSG Staging System defect size (A to D), were reviewed...
January 29, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140751/the-international-pediatric-endosurgery-group-evidence-based-guideline-on-minimal-access-approaches-to-the-operative-management-of-inguinal-hernia-in-children
#7
Dafydd A Davies, Drew A Rideout, Simon A Clarke
INTRODUCTION: Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) for inguinal hernia repair (IHR) in children has been reported for more than two decades. The International Pediatric Endosurgery Group (IPEG) Evidence-Based Review Committee chose MIS IHR as the inaugural topic for review and presentation at the 2016 IPEG annual meeting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: English language articles published between January 1, 2009, and December 31, 2015, were reviewed and included in this evidence-based review after searching PubMed, Cochrane Reviews, ClinicalTrials...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28133940/outcomes-of-pediatric-living-donor-kidney-transplantation-a%C3%A2-single-center-experience
#8
Sonia Pérez-Bertólez, Rafael Barrero, Julia Fijo, Verónica Alonso, Devicka Ojha, Miguel Ángel Fernández-Hurtado, Jerónimo Martínez, Eduardo León, Francisco García-Merino
Renal transplantation is the treatment of choice for children with ESRD offering advantages of improved survival, growth potential, cognitive development, and quality of life. The aim of our study was to compare the outcomes of LDKT vs DDKT performed in children at a single center. Retrospective chart review of pediatric patients who underwent kidney transplantation from 2005 to 2014 was performed. Ninety-one renal transplants were accomplished, and 31 cases (38.27%) were LDKT, and in 96.7% of the cases, the graft was obtained through laparoscopy...
January 29, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099382/failure-of-nonoperative-management-of-pediatric-blunt-liver-and-spleen-injuries-a-prospective-arizona-texas-oklahoma-memphis-arkansas-consortium-study
#9
Maria E Linnaus, Crystal S Langlais, Nilda M Garcia, Adam C Alder, James W Eubanks, R Todd Maxson, Robert W Letton, Todd A Ponsky, Shawn D St Peter, Charles Leys, Amina Bhatia, Daniel J Ostlie, David W Tuggle, Karla A Lawson, Alexander R Raines, David M Notrica
BACKGROUND: Nonoperative management (NOM) is standard of care for most pediatric blunt liver and spleen injuries (BLSI); only 5% of patients fail NOM in retrospective reports. No prospective studies examine failure of NOM of BLSI in children. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency and clinical characteristics of failure of NOM in pediatric BLSI patients. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted on patients 18 years or younger presenting to any of 10 Level I pediatric trauma centers April 2013 and January 2016 with BLSI on computed tomography...
April 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039097/skills-comparison-in-pediatric-residents-using-a-2-dimensional-versus-a-3-dimensional-high-definition-camera-in-a-pediatric-laparoscopic-simulator
#10
Riccardo Guanà, Luisa Ferrero, Salvatore Garofalo, Alessia Cerrina, Davide Cussa, Alberto Arezzo, Jurgen Schleef
INTRODUCTION: Advantages in 3-dimensional (3D) laparoscopy are mostly described in adults for better depth perception, precise visualization of anatomical structures, as well as for complex surgical maneuvers in small spaces. Using Visionsense III stereoscopic endoscopy system (Neuromed Spa), we performed a comparative study between surgical skills achievements using 2-dimensional (2D) and 3D laparoscopic equipment in a pediatric laparoscopic surgery simulator model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three skills were evaluated both in 2D and 3D modalities...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025693/laparoscopic-versus-open-inguinal-hernia-repair-in-children-%C3%A2-3-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Colin D Gause, Maria G Sacco Casamassima, Jingyan Yang, Grace Hsiung, Daniel Rhee, Jose H Salazar, Dominic Papandria, Howard I Pryor, Dylan Stewart, Jeffrey Lukish, Paul Colombani, Nicole M Chandler, Emilie Johnson, Fizan Abdullah
PURPOSE: Laparoscopy is being increasingly applied to pediatric inguinal hernia repair. In younger children, however, open repair remains preferred due to concerns related to anesthesia and technical challenges. We sought to assess outcomes after laparoscopic and open inguinal hernia repair in children less than or equal to 3 years. METHODS: A prospective, single-blind, parallel group randomized controlled trial was conducted at three clinical sites. Children ≤3 years of age with reducible unilateral or bilateral inguinal hernias were randomized to laparoscopic herniorrhaphy (LH) or open herniorrhaphy (OH)...
March 2017: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000197/-efficacy-evaluation-of-laparoscopic-surgery-for-children-with-persistent-cloaca
#12
Chen Wang, Shuli Liu, Zhen Chen, Long Li, Wei Zheng
OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility and efficacy of laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of children with persistent cloaca. METHODS: Clinical data of 26 female children with high type persistent cloaca undergoing operation in the Capital Pediatric Institution between November 2005 and February 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Mean age of these children was (1.4±1.6) years old. Distal end of rectum locating in the superior border of pubis was the standard of diagnosis...
December 25, 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992299/operative-and-immediate-postoperative-differences-between-traditional-multiport-and-reduced-port-laparoscopic-total-splenectomy-in-pediatric-patients
#13
Aaron D Seims, Lisa VanHouwelingen, Jessica Mead, Shenghua Mao, Amos Loh, John A Sandoval, Andrew M Davidoff, Jianrong Wu, Winfred C Wang, Israel Fernandez-Pineda
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopy offers many benefits to splenectomy, such as reduced incisional pain and shortened hospital duration. The purpose of this study is to evaluate procedural and outcome differences between multiport (MP) and reduced port (RP) splenectomy when utilized to treat children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: An institutional review board approved retrospective analysis of all consecutive laparoscopic total splenectomies performed at a single institution between January 2010 and October 2015 was conducted...
February 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926352/3d-laparoscopy-in-neonates-and-infants
#14
Yury Kozlov, Konstantin Kovalkov, Vladimir Nowogilov
BACKGROUND: This study focuses on the successful application of three-dimensional (3D) laparoscopic surgeries in the treatment of congenital anomalies and acquired diseases in the young pediatric population. The purpose of this scientific work consists in highlighting the spectrum, indications, applicability, and effectiveness of 3D endosurgery in children. METHODS: Our experience is based on 110 endosurgical procedures performed in neonates and infants in the 3D format between January 2014 and May 2015...
December 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924390/technical-standardization-of-laparoscopic-repair-of-morgagni-diaphragmatic-hernia-in-children-results-of-a-multicentric-survey-on-43-patients
#15
Ciro Esposito, Maria Escolino, Francois Varlet, Amulya Saxena, Sabine Irtan, Paul Philippe, Alessandro Settimi, Mariapina Cerulo, Holger Till, Francois Becmeur, George W Holcomb
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to standardize the surgical correction technique of congenital Morgagni diaphragmatic hernia (CMDH), analyzing the results of an international multicentric survey. METHODS: The medical records of 43 patients (29 boys, 14 girls) who underwent laparoscopic repair of CMDH in 8 pediatric surgery units in a 5-year period were retrospectively reviewed. Their average age was 3.3 years. Ten patients (23.2%) presented associated malformations: 9 Down syndrome (20...
December 6, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908963/anomalous-mesenteric-vessel-a-rare-etiology-of-intermittent-partial-small-bowel-obstruction
#16
Natasha Hansraj, Shannon M Larabee, Kimberly M Lumpkins
We report a case of an 11-year with recurrent episodes of abdominal pain and vomiting. Diagnostic laparoscopy during a severe episode demonstrated an anomalous blood vessel incompletely encircling the bowel, leading to transient partial small bowel obstruction. This likely represents a remnant vessel from the omphalomesenteric duct. Recurrent abdominal pain and vomiting in the pediatric population requires careful history and physical exam, and a willingness to entertain unusual diagnoses.
December 1, 2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901639/results-of-laparoscopic-heller-s-myotomy-for-achalasia-in-children-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#17
Maurizio Pacilli, Mark Davenport
INTRODUCTION: Achalasia is a rare disorder in children who are commonly treated by laparoscopic Heller's myotomy (LHM). However, there are no large studies evaluating the results of LHM in the pediatric population, and the need of a concomitant fundoplication remains unclear. The aim of the study is to appraise the results of LHM based on a systematic literature review. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MEDLINE search of the English literature was performed for "achalasia," "children," "laparoscopy," "Heller," "myotomy," and "cardiomyotomy...
January 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895374/pediatric-laparoscopic-surgery-initial-experience-from-pakistan-first-100-cases-in-single-center
#18
Hassan Ishaq, Saqib Hamid Qazi, Sohail Dogar, Muhammad Younus Khan Durrani, Ahmad Vaqas Faruque
In a developing country like Pakistan, laparoscopic surgeries are not considered favourable by many, possibly because of high costs or a lack of expertise. It is an established fact that laparoscopic surgery offers better surgical treatments with a shorter hospital stay and fewer complications. The current retrospective study was conducted at a tertiary care hospital in Karachi and comprised of laparoscopy cases performed by a single surgeon from March 2012 to September of 2014. A total of 100laparoscopic surgeries were performed; mostly appendectomies 49(49%) and undescended testes (UDTs) 34(34%)...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894860/pediatric-ovarian-torsion-and-its-recurrence-a-multicenter-study
#19
Mirko Bertozzi, Ciro Esposito, Claudio Vella, Vito Briganti, Nicola Zampieri, Daniela Codrich, Michele Ubertazzi, Alessandro Trucchi, Elisa Magrini, Sonia Battaglia, Vittorio Bini, Maria Luisa Conighi, Caterina Gulia, Alessandra Farina, Francesco Saverio Camoglio, Waifro Rigamonti, Piergiorgio Gamba, Giovanna Riccipetitoni, Salvatore Fabio Chiarenza, Alessandro Inserra, Antonino Appignani
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To report results of a retrospective multicentric Italian survey concerning the management of pediatric ovarian torsion (OT) and its recurrence. DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Italian Units of Pediatric Surgery. PARTICIPANTS: Participants were female aged 1-14 years of age with surgically diagnosed OT between 2004 and 2014. INTERVENTIONS: Adnexal detorsion, adnexectomy, mass excision using laparoscopy or laparotomy...
November 26, 2016: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894433/the-role-of-minimally-invasive-surgery-in-pediatric-trauma
#20
REVIEW
Erik G Pearson, Matthew S Clifton
Minimally invasive surgery (MIS) in the management of blunt and penetrating pediatric trauma has evolved in the past 30 years. Laparoscopy and thoracoscopy possess high levels of diagnostic accuracy with low associated missed injury rates. Currently available data advocate limiting the use of MIS to blunt or penetrating injuries in the hemodynamically stable child. In the pediatric trauma population, MIS offers both diagnostic and therapeutic potential, as well as reduced postoperative pain, a decreased rate of postoperative complications, shortened hospital stay, and potentially reduced cost...
February 2017: Surgical Clinics of North America
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