Read by QxMD icon Read

Levy bd

Mark Weiser, Linda Levi, Stephen Z Levine, Meir Bialer, Tawfeeq Shekh-Ahmad, Valentin Matei, Alexandru Tiugan, Diana Cirjaliu, Cristinel Sava, Eugenia Sinita, Daisy Zamora, John M Davis
OBJECTIVES: Mood stabilizers administered for bipolar disorder during pregnancy, such as valproic acid, can increase the risk of congenital anomalies in offspring. Valnoctamide is a valproic acid derivative associated with a decreased risk for congenital abnormalities in animals. The present study evaluated the efficacy and safety of valnoctamide monotherapy, compared to placebo, in the treatment of patients in an acute manic episode. METHODS: A 3-week, double-blind, randomized, placebo- and risperidone-controlled, parallel group trial was conducted on 173 patients in an acute manic episode...
June 12, 2017: Bipolar Disorders
Charity J Morgan, Michael J Coleman, Ayse Ulgen, Lenore Boling, Jonathan O Cole, Frederick V Johnson, Jan Lerbinger, J Alexander Bodkin, Philip S Holzman, Deborah L Levy
Thought disorder (TD) has long been associated with schizophrenia (SZ) and is now widely recognized as a symptom of mania and other psychotic disorders as well. Previous studies have suggested that the TD found in the clinically unaffected relatives of SZ, schizoaffective and bipolar probands is qualitatively similar to that found in the probands themselves. Here, we examine which quantitative measures of TD optimize the distinction between patients with diagnoses of SZ and bipolar disorder with psychotic features (BP) from nonpsychiatric controls (NC) and from each other...
May 1, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
Christine Demmo, Trine Vik Lagerberg, Sofie R Aminoff, Tone Hellvin, Levi R Kvitland, Carmen Simonsen, Beathe Haatveit, Ole A Andreassen, Ingrid Melle, Torill Ueland
Neurocognitive impairment has been found to be a marked feature in bipolar disorder (BD), also in the early phase of the illness. The longitudinal course of neurocognitive functioning, however, remains sparsely investigated. The aims of the study were to investigate the course of neurocognitive function in BD I, and to what degree neurocognitive change or stability is observed also on the individual level. Forty-two patients and 153 comparable healthy controls were assessed at baseline and one-year follow-up...
March 2017: Psychiatry Research
Gloria Roberts, Anton Lord, Andrew Frankland, Adam Wright, Phoebe Lau, Florence Levy, Rhoshel K Lenroot, Philip B Mitchell, Michael Breakspear
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder (BD) is characterized by a dysregulation of affect and impaired integration of emotion with cognition. These traits are also expressed in probands at high genetic risk of BD. The inferior frontal gyrus (IFG) is a key cortical hub in the circuits of emotion and cognitive control, and it has been frequently associated with BD. Here, we studied resting-state functional connectivity of the left IFG in participants with BD and in those at increased genetic risk...
August 18, 2016: Biological Psychiatry
G Roberts, A Perry, A Lord, A Frankland, V Leung, E Holmes-Preston, F Levy, R K Lenroot, P B Mitchell, M Breakspear
Emerging evidence suggests that psychiatric disorders are associated with disturbances in structural brain networks. Little is known, however, about brain networks in those at high risk (HR) of bipolar disorder (BD), with such disturbances carrying substantial predictive and etiological value. Whole-brain tractography was performed on diffusion-weighted images acquired from 84 unaffected HR individuals with at least one first-degree relative with BD, 38 young patients with BD and 96 matched controls (CNs) with no family history of mental illness...
December 20, 2016: Molecular Psychiatry
Levi Røstad Kvitland, Petter Andreas Ringen, Sofie Ragnhild Aminoff, Christine Demmo, Tone Hellvin, Trine Vik Lagerberg, Ole Andreas Andreassen, Ingrid Melle
There is little knowledge about the role of the duration of untreated bipolar (DUB) illness in first-treatment bipolar disorder I (BD I), its association with symptoms at start of first treatment, and development over the first year, and limited knowledge about factors that influence the length of DUB. Substance use has shown to delay identification of primary psychiatric disorders, and while cannabis use is common in BD the role of cannabis in relationship to DUB is unclear. The aim of the present study is to examine the associations between DUB and key clinical outcomes at baseline in BD I, and at one year follow-up, and to evaluate the influence of cannabis use...
December 30, 2016: Psychiatry Research
Tania Perich, Andrew Frankland, Gloria Roberts, Florence Levy, Rhoshel Lenroot, Philip B Mitchell
OBJECTIVE: Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder is a newly proposed childhood disorder included in Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition to describe children ⩽18 years of age with chronic irritability/temper outbursts. This study aimed to examine the prevalence of disruptive mood dysregulation disorder, severe mood dysregulation and chronic irritability in an Australian study of young people at increased familial risk of developing bipolar disorder ('HR' group) and controls ('CON' group)...
October 14, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
Enrique Pérez-Cuadrado Robles, Frédérique Maire, Jérôme Cros, Marie-Pierre Vullierme, Vinciane Rebours, Alain Sauvanet, Alain Aubert, Safi Dokmak, Philippe Lévy, Philippe Ruszniewski
OBJECTIVE: To determine accuracy of 2012 International Consensus Guidelines (ICG) predicting malignancy in a surgical cohort of branch-duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (BD-IPMN). METHODS: This study included all consecutive patients with final pathological diagnosis of pure BD-IPMN resected between 2006 and 2014 at Beaujon Hospital. Neoplasms were classified as malignant in presence of high-grade dysplasia (HGD) or invasive carcinoma. Medical, pathological, and radiological data were retrospectively recorded...
August 2016: United European Gastroenterology Journal
Demian Halperin, Tal Levy, Sofia Avissar, Gabriel Schreiber
Patients suffering from severe mental illness (SMI) are considered especially vulnerable to stress. In this study, their use of acute stress services in a military context affecting civilian populations was assessed, using naturally occurring data. The proportion of patients with a previously known SMI, defined as any chronic psychotic disorder or bipolar disorder, among all civilians examined at a center for treatment of stress during a military conflict versus at the ER in usual times, was compared, using the Chi square statistical test...
March 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
G Roberts, W Wen, A Frankland, T Perich, E Holmes-Preston, F Levy, R K Lenroot, D Hadzi-Pavlovic, J I Nurnberger, M Breakspear, P B Mitchell
BACKGROUND: White matter (WM) impairments have been reported in patients with bipolar disorder (BD) and those at high familial risk of developing BD. However, the distribution of these impairments has not been well characterized. Few studies have examined WM integrity in young people early in the course of illness and in individuals at familial risk who have not yet passed the peak age of onset. METHOD: WM integrity was examined in 63 BD subjects, 150 high-risk (HR) individuals and 111 participants with no family history of mental illness (CON)...
August 2016: Psychological Medicine
Fernando S Goes, Mehdi Pirooznia, Jennifer S Parla, Melissa Kramer, Elena Ghiban, Senem Mavruk, Yun-Ching Chen, Eric T Monson, Virginia L Willour, Rachel Karchin, Matthew Flickinger, Adam E Locke, Shawn E Levy, Laura J Scott, Michael Boehnke, Eli Stahl, Jennifer L Moran, Christina M Hultman, Mikael Landén, Shaun M Purcell, Pamela Sklar, Peter P Zandi, W Richard McCombie, James B Potash
IMPORTANCE: Complex disorders, such as bipolar disorder (BD), likely result from the influence of both common and rare susceptibility alleles. While common variation has been widely studied, rare variant discovery has only recently become feasible with next-generation sequencing. OBJECTIVE: To utilize a combined family-based and case-control approach to exome sequencing in BD using multiplex families as an initial discovery strategy, followed by association testing in a large case-control meta-analysis...
June 1, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
Miroslav Cuturic, Ruth K Abramson, Robert J Breen, Alfred C Edwards, Elliott E Levy
OBJECTIVES: We sought to compare serum carnitine levels and clinical correlates between stable outpatients and acutely hospitalised individuals with diagnoses of bipolar disorder and schizophrenia. METHODS: We obtained clinical information as well as serum levels for total and free carnitine, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) and triglycerides in 60 consenting individuals. RESULTS: We found higher total serum carnitine levels in our outpatient group in comparison to acutely hospitalised psychiatric patients, with a statistically significant P value of 0...
September 2016: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
G Roberts, R Lenroot, A Frankland, P K Yeung, N Gale, A Wright, P Lau, F Levy, W Wen, P B Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Fronto-limbic structural brain abnormalities have been reported in patients with bipolar disorder (BD), but findings in individuals at increased genetic risk of developing BD have been inconsistent. We conducted a study in adolescents and young adults (12-30 years) comparing measures of fronto-limbic cortical and subcortical brain structure between individuals at increased familial risk of BD (at risk; AR), subjects with BD and controls (CON). We separately examined cortical volume, thickness and surface area as these have distinct neurodevelopmental origins and thus may reflect differential effects of genetic risk...
July 2016: Psychological Medicine
Christine Demmo, Trine Vik Lagerberg, Sofie R Aminoff, Tone Hellvin, Levi R Kvitland, Carmen Simonsen, Ole A Andreassen, Ingrid Melle, Torill Ueland
OBJECTIVES: Explanatory factors for the observed neurocognitive impairment in early-stage bipolar I disorder (BD-I) have received little attention. The current study investigated neurocognitive functioning in first-treatment (FT) BD-I compared to FT schizophrenia (SCZ), and healthy controls (HCs), and the effect of history of psychosis and previous episodes in the two clinical groups. METHODS: A total of 202 FT patients with BD-I (n = 101) and SCZ spectrum disorder (n = 101), in addition to HCs (n = 101), were included...
March 2016: Bipolar Disorders
Sarah Goodday, Adrian Levy, Gordon Flowerdew, Julie Horrocks, Paul Grof, Mark Ellenbogen, Anne Duffy
AIM: Exposure to postnatal parental depression is associated with offspring mood disorder later in life; however, little is known about exposure to parental bipolar disorder (BD) and subsequent risk of psychopathology. The aim of this study was to determine the association between the duration, severity and timing of exposure to parental BD in early childhood and subsequent risk of mood disorder. METHODS: 189 offspring of a parent with BD completed annual assessments following Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders (KSADS) format semistructured interviews as part of an ongoing 16-year prospective cohort study...
October 21, 2015: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
Michael Breakspear, Gloria Roberts, Melissa J Green, Vinh T Nguyen, Andrew Frankland, Florence Levy, Rhoshel Lenroot, Philip B Mitchell
The emotional and cognitive vulnerabilities that precede the development of bipolar disorder are poorly understood. The inferior frontal gyrus-a key cortical hub for the integration of cognitive and emotional processes-exhibits both structural and functional changes in bipolar disorder, and is also functionally impaired in unaffected first-degree relatives, showing diminished engagement during inhibition of threat-related emotional stimuli. We hypothesized that this functional impairment of the inferior frontal gyrus in those at genetic risk of bipolar disorder reflects the dysfunction of broader network dynamics underlying the coordination of emotion perception and cognitive control...
November 2015: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
Mei-Hua Hall, Chia-Yen Chen, Bruce M Cohen, Kevin M Spencer, Deborah L Levy, Dost Öngür, Jordan W Smoller
Several event-related potentials (ERP), including P3, sensory gating (P50), and gamma oscillation, are robustly impaired in patients with schizophrenia (SCZ) and bipolar disorder (BIP). Although these ERPs are known to be heritable, little is known about the specific genetic loci involved and the degree to which they overlap with loci influencing mood and psychotic disorders. In the present study, we conducted GWAS to a) identify common variants associated with ERP endophenotypes, and b) construct polygenic risk scores (PRS) to examine overlap between genetic components of ERPs and mood and psychotic disorders...
April 2015: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
Tania Perich, Phoebe Lau, Dusan Hadzi-Pavlovic, Gloria Roberts, Andrew Frankland, Adam Wright, Melissa Green, Michael Breakspear, Justine Corry, Basia Radlinska, Clare McCormack, Cassandra Joslyn, Florence Levy, Rhoshel Lenroot, John I Nurnberger Jnr, Philip B Mitchell
Despite a growing number of reports, there is still limited knowledge of the clinical features that precede the onset of bipolar disorder (BD). To explore this, we investigated baseline data from a prospectively evaluated longitudinal cohort of subjects aged 12-30 years to compare: first, lifetime rates of clinical features between a) subjects at increased genetic risk for developing BD ('AR'), b) participants from families without mental illness ('controls'), and c) those with established BD; and, second, prior clinical features that predict the later onset of affective disorders in these same three groups...
March 2015: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Boaz Levy, Elena Tsoy, Madeline Brodt, Karen Petrosyan, Mary Malloy
BACKGROUND: Studies indicate that comorbid anxiety disorders predict a more severe course of illness in bipolar disorder (BD). The relatively high prevalence of social anxiety in BD points to the potential role that socio-cultural factors, such as stigma, play in exacerbating the progression of this disorder. Stigma creates social anxiety in affected individuals because it essentially forces them into a vulnerable social status that is marked by public disgrace. Although the etiology of debilitating social anxiety in BD may involve multiple factors, stigma deserves particular clinical attention because research in this area indicates that it is common and its internalization is associated with poor outcome...
February 2015: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
Levi Roestad Kvitland, Ingrid Melle, Sofie Ragnhild Aminoff, Christine Demmo, Trine Vik Lagerberg, Ole Andreas Andreassen, Petter Andreas Ringen
BACKGROUND: There is limited knowledge about how environmental factors affect the course of bipolar disorder (BD). Cannabis has been proposed as a potential risk factor for poorer course of illness, but the role of cannabis use has not been studied in a first treatment BD I sample. METHODS: The present study examines the associations between course of illness in first treatment BD I and continued cannabis use, from baseline to one year follow up. Patients (N = 62) with first treatment DSM-IV BD I were included as part of the Thematically Organized Psychosis study (TOP), and completed interviews and self-report questionnaires at both baseline and follow up...
2015: BMC Psychiatry
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"