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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437467/mutant-uromodulin-expression-leads-to-altered-homeostasis-of-the-endoplasmic-reticulum-and-activates-the-unfolded-protein-response
#1
Céline Schaeffer, Stefania Merella, Elena Pasqualetto, Dejan Lazarevic, Luca Rampoldi
Uromodulin is the most abundant urinary protein in physiological conditions. It is exclusively produced by renal epithelial cells lining the thick ascending limb of Henle's loop (TAL) and it plays key roles in kidney function and disease. Mutations in UMOD, the gene encoding uromodulin, cause autosomal dominant tubulointerstitial kidney disease uromodulin-related (ADTKD-UMOD), characterised by hyperuricemia, gout and progressive loss of renal function. While the primary effect of UMOD mutations, retention in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), is well established, its downstream effects are still largely unknown...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373768/colonic-ulcerations-may-predict-steroid-refractory-course-in-patients-with-ipilimumab-mediated-enterocolitis
#2
Animesh Jain, Evan J Lipson, William H Sharfman, Steven R Brant, Mark G Lazarev
AIM: To investigate management of patients who develop ipilimumab-mediated enterocolitis, including association of endoscopic findings with steroid-refractory symptoms and utility of infliximab as second-line therapy. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all patients at our center with metastatic melanoma who were treated with ipilimumab between March 2011 and May 2014. All patients received a standard regimen of intravenous ipilimumab 3 mg/kg every 3 wk for four doses or until therapy was stopped due to toxicity or disease progression...
March 21, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356886/analysis-of-the-variability-of-epstein-barr-virus-genes-in-infectious-mononucleosis-investigation-of-the-potential-correlation-with-biochemical-parameters-of-hepatic-involvement
#3
Ana Banko, Ivana Lazarevic, Goran Stevanovic, Andja Cirkovic, Danijela Karalic, Maja Cupic, Bojan Banko, Jovica Milovanovic, Tanja Jovanovic
BACKGROUND: Primary Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection is usually asymptomatic, although at times it results in the benign lymphoproliferative disease, infectious mononucleosis (IM), during which almost half of patients develop hepatitis. The aims of the present study are to evaluate polymorphisms of EBV genes circulating in IM isolates from this geographic region and to investigate the correlation of viral sequence patterns with the available IM biochemical parameters. METHODS: The study included plasma samples from 128 IM patients...
September 2016: Journal of Medical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336341/visuospatial-information-processing-load-and-the-ratio-between-parietal-cue-and-target-p3-amplitudes-in-the-attentional-network-test
#4
Dimitri M Abramov, Monique Pontes, Adailton T Pontes, Carlos A Mourao-Junior, Juliana Vieira, Carla Quero Cunha, Tiago Tamborino, Paulo R Galhanone, Leonardo C deAzevedo, Vladimir V Lazarev
In ERP studies of cognitive processes during attentional tasks, the cue signals containing information about the target can increase the amplitude of the parietal cue P3 in relation to the 'neutral' temporal cue, and reduce the subsequent target P3 when this information is valid, i.e. corresponds to the target's attributes. The present study compared the cue-to-target P3 ratios in neutral and visuospatial cueing, in order to estimate the contribution of valid visuospatial information from the cue to target stages of the task performance, in terms of cognitive load...
March 20, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322774/development-and-reliability-of-the-new-endoscopic-virtual-chromoendoscopy-score-the-picasso-score-paddington-international-virtual-chromoendoscopy-score-in-ulcerative-colitis
#5
Marietta Iacucci, Marco Daperno, Mark Lazarev, Razvan Arsenascu, Gian Eugenio Tontini, Oluseyi Akinola, Xianyong Sean Gui, Vincenzo Villanacci, Martin Goetz, Mark Lowerison, Brendan Cord Lethebe, Maurizio Vecchi, Helmut Neumann, Subrata Ghosh, Raf Bisschops, Ralf Kiesslich
INTRODUCTION: Endoscopic inflammation and healing are important therapeutic endpoints in ulcerative colitis (UC). We developed and validated a new electronic virtual chromoendoscopy (EVC) score that could reflect the full spectrum of mucosal and vascular changes including mucosal healing in UC. METHODS: Eight participants reviewed a 60-minute training module outlining the three different i-SCAN modes demonstrating the entire spectrum of inflammatory mucosal and vascular changes in UC...
March 16, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274400/adjuvant-radiation-in-the-tors-era-is-there-a-benefit-to-omitting-the-tumor-bed
#6
Stanislav Lazarev, Blagoja Todorov, James Tam, Vishal Gupta, Brett A Miles, Nancy Lee, Richard L Bakst
PURPOSE: Trans-oral robotic surgery (TORS) followed by adjuvant radiation therapy (RT) is becoming popular in treating node-positive tonsillar squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). One potential benefit is eliminating irradiation of the primary site when the tumor is widely resected, and targeting the neck only. This study assessed whether omitting the tumor bed provides any dosimetric or clinical advantage. METHODS AND MATERIALS: We identified 21 patients with primary tonsillar SCC that were treated with TORS followed by RT to the ipsilateral neck and primary (N+P) site...
March 2017: Practical Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264155/x-ray-bragg-ptychography-on-a-single-ingan-gan-core-shell-nanowire
#7
Dmitry Dzhigaev, Tomaš Stankevič, Zhaoxia Bi, Sergey Lazarev, Max Rose, Anatoly Shabalin, Juliane Reinhardt, Anders Mikkelsen, Lars Samuelson, Gerald Falkenberg, Robert Feidenhans'l, Ivan A Vartanyants
The future of solid-state lighting can be potentially driven by applications of InGaN/GaN core-shell nanowires. These heterostructures provide the possibility for fine-tuning of functional properties by controlling a strain state between mismatched layers. We present a nondestructive study of a single 400 nm-thick InGaN/GaN core-shell nanowire using two-dimensional (2D) X-ray Bragg ptychography (XBP) with a nanofocused X-ray beam. The XBP reconstruction enabled the determination of a detailed three-dimensional (3D) distribution of the strain in the particular nanowire using a model based on finite element method...
March 20, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251976/-recombinant-small-heat-shock-protein-from-acholeplasma-laidlawii-increases-the-escherichia-coli-viability-in-thermal-stress-by-selective-protein-rescue
#8
A R Kayumov, M I Bogachev, V A Manuvera, V N Lazarev, A V Sabantsev, T O Artamonova, S N Borchsenius, I E Vishnyakov
In both prokaryotes and eukaryotes, the survival at temperatures considerably exceeding the optimum is supported by intense synthesis of the so-called heat shock proteins (HSPs), which act to overcome the adverse effects of heat stress. Among mycoplasmas (class Mollicutes), which have significantly reduced genomes, only some members of the Acholeplasmataceae family possess small HSPs of the α-crystallin type. Overproduction of a recombinant HSP IbpA (Hsp20) from the free-living mycoplasma Acholeplasma laidlawii was shown to increase the resistance of Escherichia coli to short-term heat shock...
January 2017: Molekuliarnaia Biologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236615/effects-of-music-therapy-on-endothelial-function-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-participating-in-aerobic-exercise-therapy
#9
Marina Deljanin Ilic, Radmila F Pavlovic, Gordana Kocic, Dejan Simonovic, Gordana Lazarevic
Context • Pleasant music that evokes a positive emotional response may activate brain pathways of the insular cortex, central nucleus of the amygdala, and lateral hypothalamus, which are involved in the integration of emotional and ambient sensory input, with corresponding autonomic responses. Exercise training can improve endothelium-dependent vasodilatation, both in epicardial coronary vessels and in resistance vessels, for patients with coronary heart disease. Objective • The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects on endothelial function when patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) listened to their favorite music...
February 27, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198584/the-farming-environment-protects-mice-from-allergen-induced-skin-contact-hypersensitivity
#10
Christophe P Frossard, Vladimir Lazarevic, Nadia Gaïa, Stefano Leo, Camille Doras, Walid Habre, Jacques Schrenzel, Danielle Burger, Philippe A Eigenmann
BACKGROUND: Being born and raised in a farm provides a long-lasting protection for allergies. The microbial environment provided by farm animals is crucial to induce this protective effect, although underlying immune mechanisms remain elusive. OBJECTIVE: To establish a mouse model of global exposure to the farming environment and to study immunologic changes linked to protection of allergy. METHODS: Mice colonies were bred in parallel in a farm cowshed and the University animal facility (AF)...
February 15, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28172933/p275-development-and-reliability-of-the-new-endoscopic-virtual-chromoendoscopy-score-the-picasso-score-the-paddington-international-virtual-chromoendoscopy-score-in-ulcerative-colitis
#11
M Iacucci, M Daperno, M Lazarev, R Arsenescu, G E Tontini, B C Lethebe, M W Lowerison, X Gui, V Villanacci, O Akinola, M Goetz, M Vecchi, H Neuman, S Ghosh, R Bisschops, R Kiesslich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28172930/p488-does-statin-use-reduce-the-risk-of-j-pouch-related-complications-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#12
P Kaimakliotis, M Lazarev, T Bayless, A Parian, S Brant, J Melia, B Truta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158167/the-rare-painful-phenomena-chronic-paroxysmal-hemicrania-tic-syndrome-as-a-clinically-isolated-syndrome-of-the-central-nervous-system
#13
Srdjan Ljubisavljevic, Ana Prazic, Miodrag Lazarevic, Dragan Stojanov, Dejan Savic, Slobadan Vojinovic
The association of paroxysmal hemicrania with trigeminal neuralgia (TN) has been described and called paroxysmal hemicrania-tic syndrome (PH-tic). We report the case of a patient diagnosed as having chronic PH-tic (CPH-tic) syndrome as a clinically isolated syndrome of the central nervous system (CNS) (CIS).A forty year old woman was admitted to our hospital suffering from right facial pain for the last 2 years. The attacks were paroxysmal, neuralgiform, consisting of throb-like sensations, which developed spontaneously or were triggered by different stimuli in right facial (maxilar and mandibular) areas...
February 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152233/incidence-and-prognostic-significance-of-isolated-trisomies-in-adult-acute-myeloid-leukemia-a-population-based-study-from-the-swedish-aml-registry
#14
Vladimir Lj Lazarevic, Aldana Rosso, Gunnar Juliusson, Petar Antunovic, Åsa Rangert Derolf, Stefan Deneberg, Lars Möllgård, Bertil Uggla, Lovisa Wennström, Anders Wahlin, Martin Höglund, Sören Lehmann, Bertil Johansson
OBJECTIVES AND METHODS: To ascertain the incidence/clinical implications of isolated autosomal trisomies in adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML), all such cases were retrieved from the Swedish AML Registry. RESULTS: Of the 3179 cytogenetically informative AMLs diagnosed January 1997-May 2015, 246 (7.7%) had isolated trisomies. The frequency increased by age (2.4% at age 18-60 years vs. 23% at >60 years; P<.0001); the median age was 69 years. The five most common were +8 (4...
February 2, 2017: European Journal of Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144586/interaction-of-bacteroides-fragilis-toxin-with-outer-membrane-vesicles-reveals-new-mechanism-of-its-secretion-and-delivery
#15
Natalya B Zakharzhevskaya, Vladimir B Tsvetkov, Anna A Vanyushkina, Anna M Varizhuk, Daria V Rakitina, Victor V Podgorsky, Innokentii E Vishnyakov, Daria D Kharlampieva, Valentin A Manuvera, Fedor V Lisitsyn, Elena A Gushina, Vassili N Lazarev, Vadim M Govorun
The only recognized virulence factor of enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis (ETBF) that accompanies bloodstream infections is the zinc-dependent non-lethal metalloprotease B. fragilis toxin (BFT). The isolated toxin stimulates intestinal secretion, resulting in epithelial damage and necrosis. Numerous publications have focused on the interrelation of BFT with intestinal inflammation and colorectal neoplasia, but nothing is known about the mechanism of its secretion and delivery to host cells. However, recent studies of gram-negative bacteria have shown that outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) could be an essential mechanism for the spread of a large number of virulence factors...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120183/erratum-to-vascular-access-registry-of-serbia-a-4-year-experience
#16
Tamara Jemcov, Nada Dimkovic, Dragan Jovanovic, Tanja Lazarevic, Igor Mitic, Radomir Naumovic, Sanja Simic-Ogrizovic, Radmila Velickovic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 25, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064125/effects-of-cultural-brokering-on-individual-wellbeing-and-family-dynamics-among-immigrant-youth
#17
Vanja Lazarevic
Over 90% of immigrant youth help their parents navigate the mainstream US culture, a process known as cultural brokering. Past research has indicated that brokering can often have negative effects on development of immigrant youth and their families. The current study builds on the past literature by examining how various aspects of brokering may impact individual wellbeing and family dynamics among first generation immigrant and refugee youth from Eastern Europe (N = 197, Mage = 22.93 (SD = 2.89), 63...
February 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057814/increased-serum-interleukin-10-but-not-interleukin-4-level-in-children-with-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-pneumonia
#18
Biljana Medjo, Marina Atanaskovic-Markovic, Dimitrije Nikolic, Snezana Radic, Ivana Lazarevic, Ivana Cirkovic, Slobodanka Djukic
BACKGROUND: Mycoplasma pneumoniae (MP) is a common cause of community-acquired pneumonia in children, and it has been associated with wheezing. The aim of this study was to examine the serum level of interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-10 in children with Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (MPP) and to analyse them in relation to the presence of wheezing. METHODS: The study included 166 children with radiologically confirmed pneumonia. MP infection was confirmed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) serum MP-IgM and MP-IgG test and throat swab MP DNA with real-time polymerase chain reaction...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993998/the-pathogenic-role-of-nlrp3-inflammasome-activation-in-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-of-both-mice-and-humans
#19
Ling Liu, Ying Dong, Mei Ye, Shi Jin, Jianbo Yang, Maria E Joosse, Yu Sun, Jennifer Zhang, Mark Lazarev, Steven R Brant, Bashar Safar, Michael Marohn, Esteban Mezey, Xuhang Li
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: NLRP3 inflammasome is known to be involved in inflammatory bowel diseases. However, it is controversial whether it is pathogenic or beneficial. This study evaluated the roles of NLRP3 inflammasome in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease in IL-10(-/-) mice and humans. METHODS: NLRP3 inflammasome in colonic mucosa, macrophages, and colonic epithelial cells were analysed by western blotting. The NLRP3 inflammasome components were studied by sucrose density gradient fractionation, chemical cross-linking, and co-immunoprecipitation...
December 17, 2016: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939223/dominant-pole-placement-with-fractional-order-pid-controllers-d-decomposition-approach
#20
Petar D Mandić, Tomislav B Šekara, Mihailo P Lazarević, Marko Bošković
Dominant pole placement is a useful technique designed to deal with the problem of controlling a high order or time-delay systems with low order controller such as the PID controller. This paper tries to solve this problem by using D-decomposition method. Straightforward analytic procedure makes this method extremely powerful and easy to apply. This technique is applicable to a wide range of transfer functions: with or without time-delay, rational and non-rational ones, and those describing distributed parameter systems...
December 6, 2016: ISA Transactions
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