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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749620/socioeconomic-inequality-in-concurrent-tobacco-and-alcohol-consumption
#1
Nirun Intarut, Piyalak Pukdeesamai
Background: Whilst several studies have examined inequity of tobacco use and inequity of alcohol drinking individually, comparatively little is known about concurrent tobacco and alcohol consumption. The present study therefore investigated inequity of concurrent tobacco and alcohol consumption in Thailand. Methods: The 2015 Health and Welfare Survey was obtained from Thailand’s National Statistical Office and used as a source of national representative data. Concurrent tobacco and alcohol consumption was defined as current and concurrent use of both tobacco and alcohol...
July 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749616/joint-effects-of-low-body-mass-index-and-alcohol-consumption-on-developing-esophageal-squamous-cell-cancer-a-korean-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#2
Yoon Jin Choi, Dong Ho Lee, Kyung Do Han, Hyuk Yoon, Cheol Min Shin, Young Soo Park, Nayoung Kim
Objective: In Korea, 95% of esophageal cancer (EC) was the squamous cell-type. We sought to determine the combined risk of alcohol consumption on developing esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) in pre-diagnostic underweight subjects using Korean national data. Methods: We analyzed the clinical data from a total of 264,084 individuals aged 40 years or older, who received healthcare checkups arranged by the national insurance program, between 2003 and 2008 in Korea. Cox proportional hazards regression was used after adjusting confounding factors...
July 27, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749579/a-new-type-of-neurons-for-machine-learning
#3
Fenglei Fan, Wenxiang Cong, Ge Wang
In machine learning, the use of an artificial neural network is the mainstream approach. Such a network consists of layers of neurons. These neurons are of the same type characterized by the two features: (1) an inner product of an input vector and a matching weighting vector of trainable parameters and (2) a nonlinear excitation function. Here we investigate the possibility of replacing the inner product with a quadratic function of the input vector, thereby upgrading the 1(st) order neuron to the 2(nd) order neuron, empowering individual neurons, and facilitating the optimization of neural networks...
July 27, 2017: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749535/inhibition-of-histone-deacetylases-sensitizes-egfr-tki-resistant-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-cells-to-erlotinib-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#4
Weiwei Yu, Weiqiang Lu, Guoliang Chen, Feixiong Cheng, Hui Su, Yihua Chen, Mingyao Liu, Xiufeng Pang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Intrinsic and/or acquired resistance of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) commonly occurs in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Here, we develop a combined therapy of histone deacetylase inhibition by a novel HDAC inhibitor, YF454A, with erlotinib to overcome EGFR-TKI resistance in NSCLC. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: The sensitization of erlotinib by YF454A was examined in a panel of EGFR-TKI-resistant NSCLC cell lines in vitro and two different erlotinib-resistant NSCLC xenograft mouse models in vivo...
July 27, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749446/seamline-determination-based-on-pkgc-segmentation-for-remote-sensing-image-mosaicking
#5
Qiang Dong, Jinghong Liu
This paper presents a novel method of seamline determination for remote sensing image mosaicking. A two-level optimization strategy is applied to determine the seamline. Object-level optimization is executed firstly. Background regions (BRs) and obvious regions (ORs) are extracted based on the results of parametric kernel graph cuts (PKGC) segmentation. The global cost map which consists of color difference, a multi-scale morphological gradient (MSMG) constraint, and texture difference is weighted by BRs. Finally, the seamline is determined in the weighted cost from the start point to the end point...
July 27, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749419/consuming-almonds-vs-isoenergetic-baked-food-does-not-differentially-influence-postprandial-appetite-or-neural-reward-responses-to-visual-food-stimuli
#6
R Drew Sayer, Jaapna Dhillon, Gregory G Tamer, Marc-Andre Cornier, Ningning Chen, Amy J Wright, Wayne W Campbell, Richard D Mattes
Nuts have high energy and fat contents, but nut intake does not promote weight gain or obesity, which may be partially explained by their proposed high satiety value. The primary aim of this study was to assess the effects of consuming almonds versus a baked food on postprandial appetite and neural responses to visual food stimuli. Twenty-two adults (19 women and 3 men) with a BMI between 25 and 40 kg/m² completed the current study during a 12-week behavioral weight loss intervention. Participants consumed either 28 g of whole, lightly salted roasted almonds or a serving of a baked food with equivalent energy and macronutrient contents in random order on two testing days prior to and at the end of the intervention...
July 27, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749417/modeling-the-effect-of-physical-activity-on-obesity-in-china-evidence-from-the-longitudinal-china-health-and-nutrition-study-1989-2011
#7
Tao Zhang
Although physical activity has been widely recognized as an important influential factor in determining the risk of obesity, the results in the existing literature empirically examining such issue are mixed. Especially for China, relevant studies are rarely found. One aim of this study is to test the direction of effects between obesity and physical activity. It uses longitudinal data to investigate the relationship and causality between physical activity and obesity for both children and adults in China. The longitudinal data and dynamic panel model used here can yield more solid results than the other studies employing cross-sectional data, particularly considering strict endogeneity and self-selection...
July 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749402/coverage-of-childhood-vaccination-among-children-aged-12-23-months-tamil-nadu-2015-india
#8
Manoj V Murhekar, P Kamaraj, K Kanagasabai, G Elavarasu, T Daniel Rajasekar, K Boopathi, Sanjay Mehendale
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: District-Level Household Survey-4 (DLHS-4) indicated that during 2012-2013, only 56 per cent of children aged 12-23 months in Tamil Nadu were fully vaccinated, which were lesser than those reported in earlier national surveys. We, therefore, conducted cluster surveys to estimate coverage of childhood vaccination in the State, and also to identify the factors associated with low coverage. METHODS: Cross-sectional surveys were conducted in 15 strata [municipal corporation non-slum (n=1), municipal corporation slum (n=1), hilly (n=1), rural (n=6) and urban (n=6)]...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749397/action-oriented-colour-coded-foot-length-calliper-for-primary-healthcare-workers-as-a-proxy-for-birth-weight-gestational-period
#9
Asha K Pratinidhi, Abhijit C Bagade, Satish V Kakade, Hemangi P Kale, Vinayak Y Kshirsagar, Rohini Babar, Shilpa Bagal
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Foot length of the newborn has a good correlation with the birth weight and is recommended to be used as a proxy measure. There can be variations in the measurement of foot length. A study was, therefore, carried out to develop a foot length calliper for accurate foot length measurement and to find cut-off values for birth weight and gestational age groups to be used by primary healthcare workers. METHODS: This study was undertaken on 645 apparently healthy newborn infants with known gestational age...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749396/validity-of-broselow-tape-for-estimating-weight-of-indian-children
#10
Vivek Shah, Sandeep B Bavdekar
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: The Broselow tape has been validated in both ambulatory and simulated emergency situations in the United States and is believed to reduce complications arising from inaccurate drug dosing and equipment sizing in paediatric population. This study was conducted to determine the relationship between the actual weight and weight determined by Broselow tape in the Indian children and to derive an equation for determination of weight based on height in the Indian children...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749369/race-ethnicity-socioeconomic-status-residential-segregation-and-spatial-variation-in-noise-exposure-in-the-contiguous-united-states
#11
Joan A Casey, Rachel Morello-Frosch, Daniel J Mennitt, Kurt Fristrup, Elizabeth L Ogburn, Peter James
BACKGROUND: Prior research has reported disparities in environmental exposures in the United States, but, to our knowledge, no nationwide studies have assessed inequality in noise pollution. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to a) assess racial/ethnic and socioeconomic inequalities in noise pollution in the contiguous United States; and b) consider the modifying role of metropolitan level racial residential segregation. METHODS: We used a geospatial sound model to estimate census block group-level median () nighttime and daytime noise exposure and 90th percentile () daytime noise exposure...
July 25, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749367/genome-wide-association-study-of-susceptibility-to-particulate-matter-associated-qt-prolongation
#12
Rahul Gondalia, Christy L Avery, Melanie D Napier, Raúl Méndez-Giráldez, James D Stewart, Colleen M Sitlani, Yun Li, Kirk C Wilhelmsen, Qing Duan, Jeffrey Roach, Kari E North, Alexander P Reiner, Zhu-Ming Zhang, Lesley F Tinker, Jeff D Yanosky, Duanping Liao, Eric A Whitsel
BACKGROUND: Ambient particulate matter (PM) air pollution exposure has been associated with increases in QT interval duration (QT). However, innate susceptibility to PM-associated QT prolongation has not been characterized. OBJECTIVE: To characterize genetic susceptibility to PM-associated QT prolongation in a multi-racial/ethnic, genome-wide association study (GWAS). METHODS: Using repeated electrocardiograms (1986-2004), longitudinal data on in diameter (), and generalized estimating equations methods adapted for low-prevalence exposure, we estimated approximately interactions among nine Women's Health Initiative clinical trials and Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study subpopulations (), then combined subpopulation-specific results in a fixed-effects, inverse variance-weighted meta-analysis...
June 8, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749364/bayesian-random-vector-functional-link-networks-for-robust-data-modeling
#13
Simone Scardapane, Dianhui Wang, Aurelio Uncini
Random vector functional-link (RVFL) networks are randomized multilayer perceptrons with a single hidden layer and a linear output layer, which can be trained by solving a linear modeling problem. In particular, they are generally trained using a closed-form solution of the (regularized) least-squares approach. This paper introduces several alternative strategies for performing full Bayesian inference (BI) of RVFL networks. Distinct from standard or classical approaches, our proposed Bayesian training algorithms allow to derive an entire probability distribution over the optimal output weights of the network, instead of a single pointwise estimate according to some given criterion (e...
July 25, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749356/improving-alzheimeres-disease-classification-by-combining-multiple-measures
#14
Jin Liu, Jianxin Wang, Zhenjun Tang, Bin Hu, Fang-Xiang Wu, Yi Pan
Several anatomical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) markers for Alzheimer's disease (AD) have been identified. Cortical gray matter volume, cortical thickness, and subcortical volume have been used successfully to assist the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD) including its early warning and developing stages, e.g., mild cognitive impairment (MCI) including MCI converted to AD (MCIc) and MCI not converted to AD (MCInc). Currently, these anatomical MRI measures have mainly been used separately. Thus, the full potential of anatomical MRI scans for AD diagnosis might not yet have been used optimally...
July 25, 2017: IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749351/point-light-source-position-estimation-from-rgb-d-images-by-learning-surface-attributes
#15
Sezer Karaoglu, Yang Liu, Theo Gevers, Arnold W M Smeulders
Light source position estimation is a difficult yet an important problem in computer vision. A common approach for estimating the light source position (LSP) assumes Lambert's law. However, in real-world scenes, Lambert's law does not hold for all different types of surfaces. Instead of assuming all that surfaces follow Lambert's law, our approach classifies image surface segments based on their photometric and geometric surface attributes (i.e. glossy, matte, curved etc.) and assigns weights to image surface segments based on their suitability for LSP estimation...
July 24, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Image Processing: a Publication of the IEEE Signal Processing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749309/correction-to-stracquadanio-and-ciotta-low-birth-weight-is-a-pcos-risk-factor-for-southern-italian-women
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 27, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749269/epitheliotropic-intestinal-t-cell-lymphoma-in-a-harbor-seal-phoca-vitulina
#17
Sara Malberg, Henrike Alma Gregersen, Manfred Henrich, Christiane Herden
A 14-yr- old, male harbor seal ( Phoca vitulina ) presented with depression, anorexia, and weight loss. Clinical examination revealed no specific abnormalities. Diagnostic imaging displayed an enlarged mass in the dorso-cranial abdomen. The animal was euthanized due to progressive worsening of symptoms. Grossly, severe emaciation and a massive enlargement of one mesenteric lymph node were found. Microscopically, a neoplastic round cell population with morphologic characteristics of mature lymphocytes infiltrated the mesenteric lymph node as well as the jejunal mucosa and exhibited a marked invasion of the mucosal epithelial layer...
June 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749259/management-of-pododermatitis-with-an-orthotic-boot-in-a-southern-isabela-giant-tortoise-chelonoidis-vicina
#18
Lynnette Waugh, Jennifer D'Agostino, Gretchen A Cole, Alicia Hahn, Jonathan D Day
A 62-yr-old male Southern Isabela giant tortoise (Chelonoidis vicina) had a 1-yr history of chronic, reoccurring pododermatitis on the palmar surface of the left forelimb. Aggressive wound management was instituted and included surgical debridement, vacuum-assisted closure, and orthotic boot support during healing. A custom fabricated, carbon fiber clamshell Charcot Restraint Orthotic Walker walking boot was utilized to reduce focal pressure over the wound during weight bearing and promote a more normal gait...
June 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749256/echocardiographic-findings-of-bidimensional-mode-m-mode-and-doppler-of-clinically-normal-black-rumped-agouti-dasyprocta-prymnolopha-wagler-1831
#19
Anaemilia das Neves Diniz, Gerson Tavares Pessoa, Laecio da Silva Moura, André Braga de Sousa, Francisco das Chagas Araújo Sousa, Renan Paraguassu de Sá Rodrigues, Maria Angélica Parente da Silva Barbosa, Hatawa Melo de Almeida, Larisse Danielle Silva Freire, Marina Pinto Sanches, Antônio Augusto Nascimento Machado Júnior, Porfírio Candanedo Guerra, Willams Costa Neves, João Macedo de Sousa, Luiz Bolfer, Robson Fortes Giglio, Flávio Ribeiro Alves
The black-rumped agouti ( Dasyprocta prymnolopha , Wagler 1831) is currently under intense ecologic pressure, which has resulted in its disappearance from some regions of Brazil. Echocardiography is widely used in veterinary medicine but it is not yet part of the clinical routine for wild animals. The objective of the present study was to assess the applicability of the echocardiographic exam in nonanesthetized agouti and to establish normal reference values for echocardiographic measurements in bidimensional mode (2D), M-mode, and Doppler for this species, and a lead II electrocardiogram was simultaneously recorded...
June 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749173/assessment-of-sacroiliitis-for-the-diagnosis-of-spondyloarthropathy-fat-saturated-t2-weighted-imaging-with-stir-versus-fat-saturated-contrast-enhanced-t1-weighted-imaging
#20
Siyoun Sung, Hyun Su Kim, Jong Won Kwon
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether there is significant differences between contrastenhanced fat-saturated T1-weighted imaging and non-enhanced fat-suppression imaging for diagnosing sacroiliitis in patients with inflammatory back pain. METHODS: Ninety-two patients, consisting of 46 men and 46 women (mean age: 34 years; range: 15-63 years), who met at least four out of five Assessment in SpondyloArthritis international Society (ASAS) criteria for inflammatory low back pain were enrolled in this study...
July 27, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
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