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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777370/analysis-of-genetic-variability-of-respiratory-syncytial-virus-groups-a-and-b-in-kuwait
#1
Nada Madi, Wassim Chehadeh, Mohammed Asadzadeh, Mariam Al-Turab, Anfal Al-Adwani
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most frequently identified viral agent in infants, children, and elderly people with acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs). This study is the only one of its kind in Kuwait, and its purpose was to investigate the genetic variability of the G protein gene in RSV strains prevalent in Kuwait. Respiratory samples were collected from patients with ARTIs in various hospitals in Kuwait and subjected to reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) amplifying a fragment of the G gene of RSV...
May 19, 2018: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775669/nanogels-as-potential-drug-nanocarriers-for-cns-drug-delivery
#2
REVIEW
Arti Vashist, Ajeet Kaushik, Atul Vashist, Jyoti Bala, Roozbeh Nikkhah-Moshaie, Vidya Sagar, Madhavan Nair
Hydrogel-based drug delivery systems (DDSs) have versatile applications such, as tissue engineering, scaffolds, drug delivery, and regenerative medicines. The drawback of higher size and poor stability in such DDSs are being addressed by developing nano-sized hydrogel particles, known as nanogels, to achieve the desired biocompatibility and encapsulation efficiency for better efficacy than conventional bulk hydrogels. In this review, we describe advances in the development of nanogels and their promotion as nanocarriers to deliver therapeutic agents to the central nervous system (CNS)...
May 15, 2018: Drug Discovery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765934/autoimmune-gastritis-in-the-pediatric-age-an-underestimated-condition-report-of-two-cases-and-review
#3
Chiara Saglietti, Amedeo Sciarra, Karim Abdelrahman, Vanessa Schneider, Arti Karpate, Andreas Nydegger, Christine Sempoux
Background: Diagnosis of pediatric autoimmune gastritis (AIG) in children is important due to poor outcome and risk of malignancy. This condition is often underestimated in the clinico-pathologic diagnostic work-up, leading to delayed time-to-diagnosis. To increase the awareness of this condition in the pediatric population, we present two cases encountered at our institution, discuss their clinical, biological, and histological presentations in relation with evidence from the literature, and propose an algorithm for diagnosis and follow-up of AIG in children...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762164/cervical-cancer-screening-among-hiv-infected-women-in-an-urban-u-s-safety-net-healthcare-system
#4
Arti Barnes, Andrea C Betts, Eric K Borton, Joanne M Sanders, Sandi L Pruitt, Claudia Werner, Andres Bran, Carolee D Estelle, Bijal A Balasubramanian, Stephen J Inrig, Ethan A Halm, Celette Sugg Skinner, Jasmin A Tiro
OBJECTIVE: Little is known about cervical cancer screening and results patterns among HIV infected (HIV+) women in real-world healthcare settings. We characterized two periods of screening opportunity. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. SETTING: U.S. safety-net healthcare system in Dallas County, Texas. SUBJECTS: We analyzed data from electronic medical records (EMR) of 1,490 HIV+ women receiving care 2010-2014. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: At baseline, we categorized a woman's Pap status 15 months prior to index date as under-screened (vs...
May 11, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756845/thermoelectric-power-factor-limit-of-a-1d-nanowire
#5
I-Ju Chen, Adam Burke, Artis Svilans, Heiner Linke, Claes Thelander
In the past decade, there has been significant interest in the potentially advantageous thermoelectric properties of one-dimensional (1D) nanowires, but it has been challenging to find high thermoelectric power factors based on 1D effects in practice. Here we point out that there is an upper limit to the thermoelectric power factor of nonballistic 1D nanowires, as a consequence of the recently established quantum bound of thermoelectric power output. We experimentally test this limit in quasiballistic InAs nanowires by extracting the maximum power factor of the first 1D subband through I-V characterization, finding that the measured maximum power factors conform to the theoretical limit...
April 27, 2018: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755115/endothelial-akt1-loss-promotes-prostate-cancer-metastasis-via-%C3%AE-catenin-regulated-tight-junction-protein-turnover
#6
Fei Gao, Abdulrahman Alwhaibi, Sandeep Artham, Arti Verma, Payaningal R Somanath
BACKGROUND: Cancer research, in general, is focused on targeting tumour cells to limit tumour growth. These studies, however, do not account for the specific effects of chemotherapy on tumour endothelium, in turn, affecting metastasis. METHODS: We determined how endothelial deletion of Akt1 promotes prostate cancer cell invasion in vitro and metastasis to the lungs in vivo in endothelial-specific Akt1 knockdown mice. RESULTS: Here we show that metastatic human PC3 and DU145 prostate cancer cells invade through Akt1-deficient human lung endothelial cell (HLEC) monolayer with higher efficiency compared to control HLEC...
May 14, 2018: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754403/-one-size-does-not-fit-all-perspectives-on-diversity-in-community-aged-care
#7
Claudia Meyer, Arti Appannah, Sally McMillan, Colette Browning, Rajna Ogrin
OBJECTIVES: Typically, older people are viewed via a single health condition, yet health outcomes are likely impacted by the intersection of many individual characteristics. Promoting inclusive health care is underpinned by reducing bias, respectful communication and supporting individual needs and preferences. This study explores perspectives of community aged care workers on diversity training and implementing training into practice. METHODS: Ninety community aged care workers were telephone-interviewed three months after a one-day diversity training workshop...
May 13, 2018: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752697/biofortification-of-safflower-an-oil-seed-crop-engineered-for-ala-targeting-better-sustainability-and-plant-based-omega-3-fatty-acids
#8
Arti Rani, Asha Panwar, Manjary Sathe, Karunakara Alageri Chandrashekhara, Anil Kush
Alpha-linolenic acid (ALA) deficiency and a skewed n6:n3 fatty acid ratio in the diet is a major explanation for the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases and inflammatory/autoimmune diseases. There is mounting evidence of the health benefits associated with omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC PUFA's). Although present in abundance in fish, a number of factors limit our consumption of fish based omega-3 PUFA's. To name a few, overexploitation of wild fish stocks has reduced their sustainability due to increased demand of aquaculture for fish oil and meal; the pollution of marine food webs has raised concerns over the ingestion of toxic substances such as heavy metals and dioxins; vegetarians do not consider fish-based sources for supplemental nutrition...
May 11, 2018: Transgenic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749365/antimicrobial-resistance-in-beta-haemolytic-streptococci-in-india-a-four-year-study
#9
Nidhi Bhardwaj, Purva Mathur, Bijayini Behera, Kushal Mathur, Arti Kapil, Mahesh C Misra
Background & objectives: The incidence and severity of invasive and non-invasive infections demonstrate variability over time. The emerging resistance of Group A streptococci (GAS) to commonly used antibiotics is of grave concern. This study was conducted to assess the antimicrobial resistance of beta-haemolytic streptococci (βHS) in India and to ascertain the molecular mechanisms of resistance. Methods: All isolates of βHS from the Trauma Centre of All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) (north India), and heavily populated area of old Delhi from 2010 to 2014 and Yashoda Hospital, Secunderabad (in south India, 2010-2012) and preserved isolates of βHS at AIIMS (2005-2009) were included...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743330/protocol-for-a-randomised-trial-of-higher-versus-lower-intensity-patient-provider-communication-interventions-to-reduce-antibiotic-misuse-in-two-paediatric-ambulatory-clinics-in-the-usa
#10
Kathy Goggin, Andrea Bradley-Ewing, Angela L Myers, Brian R Lee, Emily A Hurley, Kirsten B Delay, Sarah Schlachter, Areli Ramphal, Kimberly Pina, David Yu, Kirsten Weltmer, Sebastian Linnemayr, Christopher C Butler, Jason G Newland
INTRODUCTION: Children with acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs) are prescribed up to 11.4 million unnecessary antibiotic prescriptions annually. Inadequate parent-provider communication is a chief contributor, yet efforts to reduce overprescribing have only indirectly targeted communication or been impractical. This paper describes our multisite, parallel group, cluster randomised trial comparing two feasible interventions for enhancing parent-provider communication on the rate of inappropriate antibiotic prescribing (primary outcome) and revisits, adverse drug reactions and parent-rated quality of shared decision-making, parent-provider communication and visit satisfaction (secondary outcomes)...
May 9, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740810/development-of-a-caregiver-reported-experience-measure-for-pediatric-hospital-to-home-transitions
#11
Arti D Desai, Elizabeth A Jacob-Files, Sarah J Lowry, Douglas J Opel, Rita Mangione-Smith, Maria T Britto, Waylon J Howard
OBJECTIVE: To develop and test a caregiver-reported experience measure for pediatric hospital-to-home transitions. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Primary data were collected between 07/2014 and 05/2015 from caregivers within 2-8 weeks of their child's discharge from a tertiary care children's hospital. STUDY DESIGN/DATA COLLECTION: We used a step-wise approach to developing the measure that included drafting de novo survey items based on caregiver interviews (n = 18), pretesting items using cognitive interviews (n = 18), and pilot testing revised items among an independent sample of caregivers (n = 500)...
May 8, 2018: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736169/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-diabetic-foot-ulcer-a-population-based-diabetic-foot-cohort-adfc-study-two-year-follow-up-study
#12
Leila Yazdanpanah, Hajieh Shahbazian, Iraj Nazari, Hamid Reza Arti, Fatemeh Ahmadi, Seyed Ehsan Mohammadianinejad, Bahman Cheraghian, Saeed Hesam
Aim/Introduction: This study was carried out to assess the incidence and risk factors of diabetic foot ulcer (DFU). Materials and Methods: In this prospective cohort study in a university hospital, all the participants were examined and followed up for new DFU as final outcome for two years. To analyze the data, the variables were first evaluated with a univariate analysis. Then variables with P value < 0.2 were tested with a multivariate analysis, using backward-elimination multiple logistic regression...
2018: International Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735830/changing-trends-of-culture-positive-typhoid-fever-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-in-a-tertiary-care-north-indian-hospital-over-the-last-decade
#13
Priyanka Sharma, Sushila Dahiya, Neelam Manral, Bhavana Kumari, Sambuddha Kumar, Sangeeta Pandey, Seema Sood, Bimal Kumar Das, Arti Kapil
Purpose: The present study was undertaken to analyse the trend in prevalence of culture-positive typhoid fever during the last decade and to determine antimicrobial susceptibility profile of Salmonella Typhi and Salmonella Paratyphi A isolated from patients of enteric fever presenting to our hospital. Methods: All the culture-positive enteric fever cases during 2005-2016 presenting to our Hospital were included in the study. Antimicrobial susceptibility was done against chloramphenicol, amoxicillin, co-trimoxazole, ciprofloxacin, ofloxacin, levofloxacin, pefloxacin, ceftriaxone and azithromycin as per corresponding CLSI guidelines for each year...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720224/assessing-brain-volume-changes-in-older-women-with-breast-cancer-receiving-adjuvant-chemotherapy-a-brain-magnetic-resonance-imaging-pilot-study
#14
Bihong T Chen, Sean K Sethi, Taihao Jin, Sunita K Patel, Ningrong Ye, Can-Lan Sun, Russell C Rockne, E Mark Haacke, James C Root, Andrew J Saykin, Tim A Ahles, Andrei I Holodny, Neal Prakash, Joanne Mortimer, James Waisman, Yuan Yuan, George Somlo, Daneng Li, Richard Yang, Heidi Tan, Vani Katheria, Rachel Morrison, Arti Hurria
BACKGROUND: Cognitive decline is among the most feared treatment-related outcomes of older adults with cancer. The majority of older patients with breast cancer self-report cognitive problems during and after chemotherapy. Prior neuroimaging research has been performed mostly in younger patients with cancer. The purpose of this study was to evaluate longitudinal changes in brain volumes and cognition in older women with breast cancer receiving adjuvant chemotherapy. METHODS: Women aged ≥ 60 years with stage I-III breast cancer receiving adjuvant chemotherapy and age-matched and sex-matched healthy controls were enrolled...
May 2, 2018: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706744/approximation-of-certain-bivariate-functions-by-almost-euler-means-of-double-fourier-series
#15
Arti Rathore, Uaday Singh
In this paper, we study the degree of approximation of 2 π -periodic functions of two variables, defined on [Formula: see text] and belonging to certain Lipschitz classes, by means of almost Euler summability of their Fourier series. The degree of approximation obtained in this way depends on the modulus of continuity associated with the functions. We also derive some corollaries from our theorems.
2018: Journal of Inequalities and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705872/factors-associated-with-falls-in-older-adults-with-cancer-a-validated-model-from-the-cancer-and-aging-research-group
#16
Tanya M Wildes, Ronald J Maggiore, William P Tew, David Smith, Can-Lan Sun, Harvey Cohen, Supriya G Mohile, Ajeet Gajra, Heidi D Klepin, Cynthia Owusu, Cary P Gross, Hyman Muss, Andrew Chapman, Stuart M Lichtman, Vani Katheria, Arti Hurria
BACKGROUND: Falls in older adults with cancer are common, yet factors associated with fall-risk are not well-defined and may differ from the general geriatric population. This study aims to develop and validate a model of factors associated with prior falls among older adults with cancer. METHODS: In this cross-sectional secondary analysis, two cohorts of patients aged ≥ 65 with cancer were examined to develop and validate a model of factors associated with falls in the prior 6 months...
April 28, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705516/icones-plantarum-malabaricarum-early-18th-century-botanical-drawings-of-medicinal-plants-from-colonial-ceylon
#17
Tinde Van Andel, Ariane Scholman, Mieke Beumer
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: From 1640-1796, the Dutch East India Company (VOC) occupied the island of Ceylon (now Sri Lanka). Several VOC officers had a keen interest in the medicinal application of the local flora. The Leiden University Library holds a two-piece codex entitled: Icones Plantarum Malabaricarum, adscriptis nominibus et viribus, Vol. I. & II. (Illustrations of Plants from the Malabar, assigned names and strength). This manuscript contains 262 watercolour drawings of medicinal plants from Sri Lanka, with handwritten descriptions of local names, habitus, medicinal properties and therapeutic applications...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686822/exciting-perspectives-for-translational-myology-in-the-abstracts-of-the-2018spring-paduamuscledays-giovanni-salviati-memorial-chapter-i-foreword
#18
Ugo Carraro
Myologists working in Padua (Italy) were able to continue a half-century tradition of studies of skeletal muscles, that started with a research on fever, specifically if and how skeletal muscle contribute to it by burning bacterial toxin. Beside main publications in high-impact-factor journals by Padua myologists, I hope to convince readers (and myself) of the relevance of the editing Basic and Applied Myology (BAM), retitled from 2010 European Journal of Translational Myology (EJTM), of the institution of the Interdepartmental Research Center of Myology of the University of Padova (CIR-Myo), and of a long series of International Conferences organized in Euganei Hills and Padova, that is, the PaduaMuscleDays...
January 12, 2018: European Journal of Translational Myology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677695/inauguration-of-the-centro-3r-for-the-promotion-of-3rs-principles-in-teaching-and-research
#19
Arti Ahluwalia, Anna Maria Bassi, Paolo Milazzo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: ALTEX
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677509/beyond-host-defense-emerging-functions-of-the-immune-system-in-regulating-complex-tissue-physiology
#20
REVIEW
Lucille C Rankin, David Artis
The essential roles played by the immune system in the discrimination between self- versus non/altered-self and its integral role in promoting host defense against invading microbes and tumors have been extensively studied for many years. In these contexts, significant advances have been made in defining the molecular and cellular networks that orchestrate cell-cell communication to mediate host defense and pathogen expulsion. Notably, recent studies indicate that in addition to these classical immune functions, cells of the innate and adaptive immune system also sense complex tissue- and environment-derived signals, including those from the nervous system and the diet...
April 19, 2018: Cell
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