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Aseem Sharma, Rahul Ray, Jandhyala Sridhar, Arti Trehan, Manish Khandare
Eosinophilic fasciitis, also known as Shulman's syndrome, is a fibrosing scleroderma-like syndrome, which is a distinct entity. A 55-year-old man, presented with progressive skin darkening, thickening, and tightening over the left lower limb since 6 months. Dermatological examination revealed a hyperpigmented indurated area on the left thigh, extending to the anterior aspect of the left leg. A well-defined hypopigmented indurated plaque was present over the left iliac region. Histopathology and imaging studies confirmed the diagnosis of eosinophilic fasciitis and lichen sclerosus...
September 2016: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
Kumar Vijay Anand, Chandani Arti Lal, Gupta Ac, Kushwaha Js, Agarwal Saurabh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Marin Stančić, Ivana Stančić, Petra Barl, Ivan Pašalić
OBJECTIVE: Scarcity of implants during the economic crisis has partially replaced cervical spondylotic myelopathy decompression and instrumented fusion with implant-less expansile cervical laminopalsty. The aim of the study was comparison of the results obtained with instrumented anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion (ACCF) with implant-less expansile cervical laminoplasty (ECL). METHODS: Patients suffering from cervical spondylotic myelopathy (CSM) Nurick 3-5, with preoperative tethering and postoperative untethering were included...
October 7, 2016: World Neurosurgery
Maureen Lichtveld, Samendra Sherchan, Kaitlyn B Gam, Richard K Kwok, Christopher Mundorf, Arti Shankar, Lissa Soares
This review examines current research ascertaining the impact of the Deepwater Horizon oil spill on human health and ecosystems. Driven by the need to strategically focus research funding, the authors also assess the implications of those findings and promote a transdisciplinary research agenda addressing critical gaps.Epidemiologic studies conducted in workers and vulnerable communities in the spill's aftermath showed that non-chemical stressors affect resilience. Ecosystem-wise salt marsh species showed variability in structural and functional changes, attributed to species-specific tolerance, oil exposure, and belowground plant organs damage...
October 8, 2016: Current Environmental Health Reports
Arti Vashist, Ajeet Kaushik, Atul Vashist, Rahul Dev Jayant, Asahi Tomitaka, Sharif Ahmad, Y K Gupta, Madhavan Nair
Since centuries, the rapid spread and cure of infectious diseases have been a major concern to the progress and survival of humans. These diseases are a global burden and the prominent cause for worldwide deaths and disabilities. Nanomedicine has emerged as the most excellent tool to eradicate and halt their spread. Various nanoformulations (NFs) using advanced nanotechnology are in demand. Recently, hydrogel and nanogel based drug delivery devices have posed new prospects to simulate the natural intelligence of various biological systems...
October 18, 2016: Biomaterials Science
Arti B Patel, Irene Tsilioni, Susan E Leeman, Theoharis C Theoharides
We had reported elevated serum levels of the peptide neurotensin (NT) in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Here, we show that NT stimulates primary human microglia, the resident immune cells of the brain, and the immortalized cell line of human microglia-SV40. NT (10 nM) increases the gene expression and release (P < 0.001) of the proinflammatory cytokine IL-1β and chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 8 (CXCL8), chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 2 (CCL2), and CCL5 from human microglia. NT also stimulates proliferation (P < 0...
September 23, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Subhojit Dey, Parika Pahwa, Arti Mishra, Jyotsna Govil, Preet K Dhillon
OBJECTIVES: Burden of cervical cancer (CC) is highest for women in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Human papillomavirus (HPV) is implicated as the necessary cause of CC although a number of other factors aid the long process of CC development. One among them is the presence of reproductive tract infections (RTIs). This study investigated the associations between RTIs and CC from India. METHODS: This study utilized secondary data from the Cancer Detection Centre of the ICS, Delhi...
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
A N Ryakhovsky, V V Kostyukova
The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of digital impressions taken by different intraoral and laboratory scanners. For this purpose a synthetic jaw model with prepared tooth was scanned using intraoral scanning systems: 3D Progress (MHT S.P.A., IT - MHT Optic Research AG, CH); True Definition (3M ESPE, USA); Trios (3Shape A/S, DNK); CEREC AC Bluecam, CEREC Omnicam (Sirona Dental System GmbH, DE); Planscan (Planmeca, FIN); and laboratory scanning systems: s600 ARTI (Zirkonzahn GmbH, IT); Imetric Iscan D104, CH); D900 (3Shape A/S, DNK); Zfx Evolution (Zfx GmbH, DE) (each n=10)...
2016: Stomatologii︠a︡
Arti Hurria, Chie Akiba, Jerome Kim, Dale Mitani, Matthew Loscalzo, Vani Katheria, Marianna Koczywas, Sumanta Pal, Vincent Chung, Stephen Forman, Nitya Nathwani, Marwan Fakih, Chatchada Karanes, Dean Lim, Leslie Popplewell, Harvey Cohen, Beverly Canin, David Cella, Betty Ferrell, Leanne Goldstein
PURPOSE: The goal of this study was to evaluate the feasibility, reliability, and validity of a computer-based geriatric assessment via two methods of electronic data capture (SupportScreen and REDCap) compared with paper-and-pencil data capture among older adults with cancer. METHODS: Eligible patients were ≥ 65 years old, had a cancer diagnosis, and were fluent in English. Patients were randomly assigned to one of four arms, in which they completed the geriatric assessment twice: (1) REDCap and paper and pencil in sessions 1 and 2; (2) REDCap in both sessions; (3) SupportScreen and paper and pencil in sessions 1 and 2; and (4) SupportScreen in both sessions...
September 13, 2016: Journal of Oncology Practice
Priyanka Sharma, Sushila Dahiya, Veeraraghavan Balaji, Anil Kanga, Preetilata Panda, Rashna Das, Anbumani Dhanraju, Deepak Kumar Mendiratta, Seema Sood, Bimal Kumar Das, Arti Kapil
Enteric fever is an invasive infection predominantly caused by Salmonella enterica serovars Typhi and Paratyphi A. The pathogens have evolved from other nontyphoidal salmonellaeto become invasive and host restricted. Emergence of antimicrobial resistance in typhoidal salmonellae in some countries is a major therapeutic concern as the travelers returning from endemic countries carry resistant strains to non endemic areas. In order to understand the epidemiology and to design disease control strategies molecular typing of the pathogen is very important...
2016: PloS One
Renu Venugopal, Gita Satpathy, Sushil Sangwan, Arti Kapil, Neelima Aron, Neelam Pushker, Tushar Agarwal, Namrata Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Cornea
Amber J Gislason-Lee, Claire Keeble, Christoper J Malkin, Daniel Egleston, Josephine Bexon, Stephen M Kengyelics, Daniel Blackman, Andrew G Davies
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine whether a reduction in radiation dose was found whilst maintaining a clinically acceptable level of image quality for trans-catheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) patients using a new cardiac interventional X-ray system with state-of-the-art image enhancement and X-ray optimisation, compared to the cardiac X-ray system which was previously used for TAVI (the reference system). METHODS: Patient dose and image data were retrospectively collected from an AlluraClarity (Philips Healthcare) and Axion Artis (Siemens Healthcare), the new and reference X-ray systems respectively...
September 9, 2016: British Journal of Radiology
Lucy Sargent, Amanda McCullough, Chris Del Mar, John Lowe
BACKGROUND: Antibiotic resistance is a major global public health threat. Most antibiotic prescriptions for human consumption in primary care are for acute respiratory tract infections (ARTIs). Australia continues to be a high prescriber of antibiotics, compared with other Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries. Implementation of evidence-based strategies to reduce antibiotic use in primary care is needed. Delayed prescribing is one evidence-based strategy that is underused...
September 2016: Australian Family Physician
Giorgio Mattei, Arti Ahluwalia
: Given the critical role of liver mechanics in regulating cell response and directing the development of tissue fibrosis, accurately characterising its mechanical behaviour is of relevance for both diagnostic purposes as well as for tissue engineering and for the development of in-vitro models. Determining and quantifying the mechanical behaviour of soft biological tissues is, however, highly challenging due to their intrinsic labile nature. Indeed, a unique set of values of liver mechanical properties is still lacking to date; testing conditions can significantly affect sample status and hence the measured behaviour and reported results are strongly dependent on the adopted testing method and configuration as well as sample type and status...
November 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
Fred Stephen Sarfo, Frank Treiber, Carolyn Jenkins, Sachin Patel, Mulugeta Gebregziabher, Arti Singh, Osei Sarfo-Kantanka, Raelle Saulson, Lambert Appiah, Eunice Oparebea, Bruce Ovbiagele
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is the premier modifiable risk factor for recurrent stroke. In sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) where the stroke burden is escalating, little is known about the role of behavioral interventions in enhancing blood pressure (BP) control after stroke. Our objective is to test whether an m-Health technology-enabled, nurse-led, multilevel integrated approach is effective in improving BP control among Ghanaian stroke patients within 1 month of symptom onset compared with standard of care...
2016: Trials
George S Alexopoulos, Jo Anne Sirey, Samprit Banerjee, Dimitris N Kiosses, Cristina Pollari, Richard S Novitch, Amanda Artis, Patrick J Raue
OBJECTIVE: Personalized Intervention for Depressed Patients with COPD (PID-C), a treatment mobilizing patients to participate in their care, was found more effective than usual care. To further improve its efficacy, we developed a Problem Solving-Adherence (PSA) intervention integrating problem solving into adherence enhancement procedures. We tested the hypothesis that PSA is more effective than PID-C in reducing depressive symptoms. Exploratory analyses sought to identify patients with distinct depressive symptom trajectories and compare their clinical profiles...
November 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Ashutosh Kumar, Sambarta Chatterjee, Mintu Nandi, Arti Dua
Dynamic co-operativity in monomeric enzymes is characterized in terms of a non-Michaelis-Menten kinetic behaviour. The latter is believed to be associated with mechanisms that include multiple reaction pathways due to enzymatic conformational fluctuations. Recent advances in single-molecule fluorescence spectroscopy have provided new fundamental insights on the possible mechanisms underlying reactions catalyzed by fluctuating enzymes. Here, we present a bottom-up approach to understand enzyme turnover kinetics at physiologically relevant mesoscopic concentrations informed by mechanisms extracted from single-molecule stochastic trajectories...
August 28, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
Vera Lúcia Raposo
In the framework of European law telemedicine is, simultaneously, a health service and an information service, therefore, both regulations apply. In what concerns healthcare and the practice of medicine there are no uniform regulations at the European level. Concerning health services the most relevant achievement to regulate this domain is Directive 2011/24/EU. In what regards information and telecommunications we must have in consideration Directive 95/46/EU, Directive 2000/31/EC and Directive 2002/58/EC...
2016: GMS Health Technology Assessment
Mohit Kaushal, Parth S Shah, Arti D Shah, Stani A Francis, Nihar V Patel, Kavit K Kothari
INTRODUCTION: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a global health issue with cigarette smoking being an important risk factor. COPD affects pulmonary blood vessels, right ventricle, as well as left ventricle leading to the development of pulmonary hypertension (PH), cor-pulmonale (COR-P), right and left ventricular dysfunction. Echocardiography provides a rapid, noninvasive, portable, and accurate method to evaluate cardiac functions. Early diagnoses and intervention for cardiac comorbidities would reduce mortalities...
July 2016: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
Leonardo Ricotti, Giulia Gori, Daniele Cei, Joana Costa, Giovanni Signore, Arti Ahluwalia
The study of nanomaterial translocation across epithelial barriers is often hindered by the low permeability of transwell membranes to nanoparticles. To address this issue ultra-thin poly(L-lactic acid) nanofilms with zero tortuosity micropores were developed for use in nanoparticle passage tests. In this study we demonstrate that microporous polymeric nanofilms allow a significantly higher passage of silver nanoparticles in comparison with commercial membranes normally used in Transwell inserts. A robust procedure for collecting free-standing nanofilms which enables their manipulation and use in lab-on-chip systems is described...
August 25, 2016: IEEE Transactions on Nanobioscience
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