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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324617/rare-localized-extralobar-sequestration-with-congenital-cystic-adenomatoid-malformation-a-case-report
#1
Satoshi Nagasaka, Satsuki Kina, Yoshihito Arimoto, Fumi Yokote, Tsuyoshi Uchida, Hirochika Matsubara
Extralobar sequestrations constitute a rare form of congenital pulmonary airway malformations that are difficult to diagnose. Here, we report a rare case of a localized extralobar sequestration in the right superior portion of the mediastinum accompanied by congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation.A 19-year-old man presented with a right upper mediastinal mass that was detected using chest radiography, had a history of left spontaneous pneumothorax, and had undergone a bullectomy 4 years previously.The initial diagnosis included a mature teratoma and a bronchogenic cyst in the mediastinum; however, the presence of a cystic mass in the right upper lobe of the lung prompted further examination...
December 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323734/radial-probe-ultrasound-guided-cryobiopsy
#2
Ilya G Berim, Ali I Saeed, Ahmed Awab, Adam Highley, Agnes Colanta, Fawad Chaudry
Fluoroscopy-guided transbronchial forceps biopsy has a low diagnostic yield in patients with radiographic suspicion of interstitial lung disease. Cryobiopsy has a higher diagnostic yield likely due to preserved lung architecture and larger biopsies; however, there is an increased risk of major airway bleeding and pneumothorax. Simultaneous use of endobronchial balloon blocker allows for containment of bleeding after cryobiopsy to the affected lobe. In the current article we describe use of radial ultrasound in identification of a target lung parenchyma without a major blood vessel adjacent to distal bronchi...
April 2017: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323726/a-single-us-center-experience-of-transbronchial-lung-cryobiopsy-for-diagnosing-interstitial-lung-disease-with-a-2-scope-technique
#3
Thitiwat Sriprasart, Alejandro Aragaki, Robert Baughman, Kathryn Wikenheiser-Brokamp, Gaurav Khanna, Daniel Tanase, Michelle Kirschner, Sadia Benzaquen
BACKGROUND: Transbronchial lung cryobiopsy (TBLC) has been used to establish the diagnosis of interstitial lung disease (ILD) in recent years. The technique and diagnostic yield vary among institutions. We report a new 2-scope technique and the results of TBLC in our institution. METHODS: This is a retrospective chart review of patients who underwent TBLC for evaluation of ILD. Bronchoscopy with TBLC was performed by a board-certified interventional pulmonologist with a 2-scope technique under general anesthesia...
April 2017: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316302/high-frequency-oscillatory-ventilation-hfov-as-primary-ventilator-strategy-in-the-management-of-severe-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-ards-with-pneumothorax-in-the-setting-of-trauma
#4
Kartik Prabhakaran, Daniel Hagler, Dominick Vitale, Alejandro Betancourt, Patrizio Petrone, Corrado P Marini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315819/a-case-report-of-thoracic-endometriosis-a-rare-cause-of-haemothorax
#5
Lina Pankratjevaite, Diana Samiatina-Morkuniene
INTRODUCTION: The presence of endometrial tissue in airways, pleura and lung parenchyma is called thoracic endometriosis syndrome (TES). It is a rare pathology, and typically consists of catamenial pneumothorax, haemothorax, haemoptysis, and pulmonary nodules. We report a case of a 36-year-old woman with thoracic endometriosis causing catamenial haemothorax. CONCLUSIONS: The diagnosis of thoracic endometriosis is complicated and often delayed. TES should be suspected in a reproductive age woman with exacerbating symptoms during the menstruation...
March 4, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306689/pulmonary-relapse-of-osteosarcoma-following-presentation-with-a-pneumomediastinum-and-localized-disease-at-diagnosis
#6
Sarayu Kumar, Adina Alazraki, Bradley George, Melissa Martin, Howard M Katzenstein, Thomas Cash
Pneumothorax is a well-described complication of osteosarcoma. Conversely, the presence of a pneumomediastinum to our knowledge has been reported just once in a patient with osteosarcoma, and never without detectable lung metastasis. We report the case of an 18-year-old male with a localized, distal femur osteosarcoma who was found to have an asymptomatic pneumomediastinum and pneumatocele at diagnosis, and then 16 months later experienced a pulmonary relapse. Our case suggests that these findings may represent the presence of occult metastatic disease and cautions providers to treat appropriately and provide surveillance with a high index of suspicion for pulmonary recurrence...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303679/contralateral-pneumothorax-during-retroperitoneal-laparoscopic-donor-nephrectomy-a-case-report
#7
Yuto Matsushita, Hideaki Miyake, Daisuke Motoyama, Takayuki Sugiyama, Masao Nagata, Atsushi Otsuka, Hiroshi Furuse, Seiichiro Ozono
This report presents a case of a 46-year-old woman in whom contralateral pneumothorax occurred during retroperitoneal laparoscopic donor nephrectomy without any evidence of diaphragmatic injuries. After the start of carbon dioxide-induced pneumoperitoneum, the patient's end-tidal carbon dioxide pressure and heart rate suddenly increased. The surgery was then paused, and a chest X-ray revealed a right pneumothorax accompanied by pneumomediastinum. After a thoracostomy tube was inserted, these symptoms immediately improved...
March 17, 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303559/-thoracic-outlet-syndrome
#8
Sven Seifert, Pavel Sebesta, Marian Klenske, Mirko Esche
Introduction Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) is one of the most extensively discussed diagnoses. There is neither a clear and homogenous clinical presentation nor an accepted definition. The term describes a complex of symptoms and complaints caused by the compression of nerves and vascular structures at one of the three defined constrictions of the upper thoracic aperture. Methods Based on a comprehensive literature review, this article presents the etiology, epidemiology and clinical diagnostics as well as the possibilities and outcomes of surgical treatment...
February 2017: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301584/diagnostic-accuracy-and-added-value-of-dual-energy-subtraction-radiography-compared-to-standard-conventional-radiography-using-computed-tomography-as-standard-of-reference
#9
Katharina Martini, Marco Baessler, Stephan Baumueller, Thomas Frauenfelder
PURPOSE: To retrospectively evaluate diagnostic performance of dual-energy subtraction radiography (DESR) for interpretation of chest radiographs compared to conventional radiography (CR) using computed tomography (CT) as standard of reference. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 199 patients (75 female, median age 67) were included in this institutional review board (IRB)-approved clinical trial. All patients were scanned in posteroanterior and lateral direction with dual-shot DE-technique...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301208/measures-to-prevent-air-embolism-in-transthoracic-biopsy-of-the-lung
#10
Bernhard Glodny, Elisabeth Schönherr, Martin C Freund, Melanie Haslauer, Johannes Petersen, Alexander Loizides, Astrid E Grams, Florian Augustin, Franz J Wiedermann, Rafael Rehwald
OBJECTIVE: Systemic air embolism (AE) is a rare but feared complication of transthoracic biopsy with potentially fatal consequences. The aim of the study was to assess the effect of patient positioning during transthoracic biopsy on preventing systemic AE. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We compared a historical control group of 610 patients (group 1) who underwent transthoracic biopsy before the implementation of measures to prevent systemic AE during transthoracic biopsy and a group of 1268 patients (group 2) who underwent biopsy after the measures were implemented...
March 16, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299537/minimal-invasive-right-ventricular-and-atrial-pacemaker-lead-repositioning-as-a-first-alternative-is-superior-in-avoiding-pocket-complications-with-passive-fixation-leads
#11
István Osztheimer, Szabolcs Szilágyi, Zsuzsanna Pongor, Endre Zima, Levente Molnár, Tamás Tahin, Emin Evren Özcan, Gábor Széplaki, Béla Merkely, László Gellér
PURPOSE: Lead dislocations of pacemaker systems are reported in all and even in high-volume centers. Repeated procedures necessitated by lead dislocations are associated with an increased risk of complications. We investigated a minimal invasive method for right atrial and ventricular lead repositioning. METHODS: The minimal invasive method was applied only when passive fixation leads were implanted. During the minimal invasive procedure, a steerable catheter was advanced through the femoral vein to move the distal end of the lead to the appropriate position...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiac Electrophysiology: An International Journal of Arrhythmias and Pacing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298628/the-size-of-spontaneous-pneumothorax-is-a-predictor-of-unsuccessful-catheter-drainage
#12
Tung-Ming Tsai, Mong-Wei Lin, Yao-Jen Li, Chin-Hao Chang, Hsien-Chi Liao, Chao-Yu Liu, Hsao-Hsun Hsu, Jin-Shing Chen
Small-bore thoracic catheter drainage is recommended for a first large or symptomatic episode of primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP). However, one-third of these patients require a second procedure because of treatment failure. We investigated the factors associated with unsuccessful pigtail catheter drainage in the management of PSP. In this retrospective study, using a prospectively collected database, we enrolled 253 consecutive patients with PSP who underwent pigtail catheter drainage as initial treatment, from December 2006 to June 2011...
March 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294667/-initial-experiences-with-vats-lobectomy
#13
Pál Gehér, Árpád Füredi, László István Kecskés, Béla Kiss
OBJECTIVE: The authors analyse the experience of videothoracoscopic (VATS) lung lobectomies performed since December 2010 at the Thoracic Surgery Department of Markusovszky University Teaching Hospital. PATIENTS AND METHOD: 78 patients (44 men and 34 women) underwent VATS lobectomy. The average age was 61.2 years ranging from 30 to 80. The indications were peripheral malignancy (35 cases) or the suspicion of that (43 cases), presence of curable distant metastasis was not considered as contraindication...
March 2017: Magyar Sebészet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292511/thoracic-stomach-right-main-bronchus-fistula-treated-with-dual-y-shaped-covered-airway-stents
#14
Z-M Li, H-B Lu, K-W Ren, X-W Han, G Wu, D-C Jiao
AIM: To determine the efficacy of dual Y-shaped covered airway stents to treat thoracic stomach-right main bronchus fistulae. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Fifteen patients who developed thoracic stomach-right main bronchus fistula after oesophageal cancer resection and postoperative irradiation were retrospectively analysed. All fistulae were close to the right upper lobe bronchus. Two Y-shaped covered airway stents were designed for each patient. Under radiographic guidance, one stent was placed from the right main bronchus into the bifurcation of upper lobe and intermediate bronchus, the other was placed from the trachea into both main bronchi...
March 11, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289835/optimization-of-chest-tube-management-to-expedite-rehabilitation-of-lung-cancer-patients-after-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#15
Bo Deng, Kai Qian, Jing-Hai Zhou, Qun-You Tan, Ru-Wen Wang
BACKGROUND: The aim of this meta-analysis and systematic review of published evidence was to optimize chest tube management for fast-track rehabilitation of lung cancer patients after video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS). METHODS: The PubMed, Web of Science, and EMBASE databases were searched to identify all studies that addressed the issue of chest tube management after VATS for lung cancer. Finally, 35 articles were included for analysis, i.e., 29 randomized controlled trials and 6 clinical trials...
March 13, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286390/early-postoperative-malignant-subcutaneous-emphysema-report-and-review
#16
N K Sahoo, Shivinder Singh, I D Roy, Amit Bhandari
BACKGROUND: Subcutaneous emphysema is defined as presence of air or gas in subcutaneous tissue layer. It may be localized or generalized due to various aetiological factors. Although SE and pneumomediastinum are self-limiting conditions, life-threatening complications may develop. Escape of air into both pleural cavity causing bilateral pneumothorax and tension pneumothorax can be termed as malignant emphysema. PURPOSE: To report a case of malignant generalized subcutaneous emphysema in early postoperative phase following palatoplasty...
March 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285839/clinical-assessment-of-coiled-fiducial-markers-as-internal-surrogates-for-hepatocellular-carcinomas-during-gated-stereotactic-body-radiotherapy-with-a-real-time-tumor-tracking-system
#17
Hideki Hanazawa, Shotaro Takahashi, Takehiro Shiinoki, Sung Chul Park, Yuki Yuasa, Masahiro Koike, Shinji Kawamura, Keiko Shibuya
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To report the clinical usefulness of coiled fiducial markers as an internal surrogate in gated stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) using a real-time tumor-tracking radiotherapy (RTRT) system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventeen HCC patients with Child-Pugh (CP) scores of A or B received gated SBRT (45-50Gy in 5-10 fractions) using an RTRT system and Visicoil markers. Local control (LC), progression-free (PFS), and overall survival (OS) rates were assessed using the Kaplan-Meier method...
March 9, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285289/trans-illumination-in-pneumothorax-a-useful-bedside-tool
#18
Adhi Arya, Anshuman Verma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282662/r3-versus-r4-thoracoscopic-sympathectomy-for-severe-palmar-hyperhidrosis
#19
Wenxiong Zhang, Yiping Wei, Han Jiang, Jianjun Xu, Dongliang Yu
Background Thoracoscopic sympathectomy (TS) was the preferred surgical treatment for palmar hyperhidrosis (PH), but postoperative complications such as compensatory sweating (CS) were common. This study was projected to compare R3 versus R4 TS for treating severe PH. Methods From April 2009 and March 2015, 106 consecutive patients with severe PH underwent bilateral R3 (n = 62) or R4 (n = 44) TS at The Second Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University. The patients were followed up to evaluate symptom resolution, postoperative complications, satisfaction level, and severity of CS...
March 10, 2017: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282364/lung-ultrasound-for-the-regional-anesthesiologist-and-acute-pain-specialist
#20
Stephen C Haskins, Ban C Tsui, Jemiel A Nejim, Christopher L Wu, Jan Boublik
In this article, we discuss the emerging role of lung point-of-care ultrasonography for regional anesthesiologists and pain management specialists. Lung ultrasonography is a well-established clinical tool that is used on a routine basis in emergency rooms and critical care units internationally to evaluate patients with respiratory distress; however, its benefits to the regional anesthesiologist and pain specialist are not as well known and are practiced less frequently. This review article covers the clinical evidence in support of lung point-of-care ultrasonography as a rapid and superior tool to traditional imaging modalities such as chest radiography and fluoroscopy...
March 10, 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
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