keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

general pediatrics

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221922/pediatric-percutaneous-nephrostomy-a-multicenter-experience
#1
Sphoorti Shellikeri, Robert Daulton, Madeleine Sertic, Bairbre Connolly, Mark Hogan, Francis Marshalleck, Anne Marie Cahill
PURPOSE: To analyze technique, outcomes, and complications of a large series of pediatric percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) procedures performed at 4 tertiary pediatric centers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective multicenter study of PCNs performed during an 11-year period. Six hundred seventy-five PCNs were performed on 441 patients (median age: 4 y, range: 1 d-18 y, median weight: 17 kg, range: 0.7-112 kg); 31% were younger than 1 year. The most frequent indications for PCN procedures included hydronephrosis (57%), calculus (14%), and infection (12%)...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology: JVIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221617/minor-procedure-major-impact-patient-reported-outcomes-following-urethral-meatotomy
#2
Briony K Varda, Tanya Logvinenko, Stuart Bauer, Bartley Cilento, Richard N Yu, Caleb P Nelson
INTRODUCTION: Urethral meatotomy as treatment for meatal stenosis is a common pediatric urology procedure; however, little is known about the patient experience following this procedure. OBJECTIVE: We aim to evaluate clinical factors associated with patient-reported symptom improvement after urethral meatotomy. STUDY DESIGN: The families of boys undergoing urethral meatotomy between 2/2013 and 8/2016 received a survey by mail 6 weeks after surgery...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218062/preliminary-study-regarding-the-association-between-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-gene-polymorphisms-and-childhood-idiopathic-nephrotic-syndrome-in-romanian-pediatric-patients
#3
Ioana Tieranu, Monica I Dutescu, Constantin Bara, Cristian G Tieranu, Mihaela Balgradean, Olivia M Popa
Background: Childhood idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS) is one of the most common glomerular diseases, characterized by heavy proteinuria, hypoalbuminemia, dyslipidemia and generalized edema. Although some progresses were made regarding the pathogenesis of this disease, there are a lot of questions still left unanswered. Some of them involve the implications of several cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), in the development and clinical course of INS. Objective: Our objective was to analyze the role of two single nucleotide polymorphisms of TNF-alpha gene in the development of pediatric INS and their implication in the response to corticosteroid therapy...
September 2017: Mædica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217961/clinical-profile-and-outcome-of-pediatrics-tetanus-the-experience-of-a-tertiary-hospital-in-ethiopia
#4
Henok Tadele
Background: Tetanus is an acute vaccine preventable illness manifested by neuromuscular dysfunction due to a potent exotoxin, tetanospasmin produced by Clostridium tetani. It is a common health problem in developing countries like Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to assess clinical profile and outcome of Pediatrics tetanus in a referral hospital, South Ethiopia. Methods: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study of medical records of 24 Pediatric tetanus patients who were admitted from July 2014 to June 2016 to the Pediatrics Department of Hawassa University Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Hawassa-Ethiopia...
September 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217953/assessment-of-pediatrics-radiation-dose-from-routine-x-ray-examination-at-jimma-university-hospital-southwest-ethiopia
#5
Mesfin Zewdu, Elias Kadir, Melkamu Berhane
Background: Given the fact that children are more sensitive to ionizing radiation than adults, with an increased risk of developing radiation-induced cancer, special care should be taken when they undergo X-ray examinations. The main aim of the current study was to determine Entrance Surface Dose (ESD) to pediatric patients arising from routine x-ray examination in the Radiology Department of Jimma University Specialized Hospital (JUSH). Methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on pediatric patients less than 15 years of age who visited to seek x-ray examinations in JUSH...
September 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217671/positive-change-in-feedback-perceptions-and-behavior-a-10-year-follow-up-study
#6
Dorene F Balmer, Rebecca Tenney-Soeiro, Erika Mejia, Beth Rezet
BACKGROUND: Providing and learning from feedback are essential components of medical education, and typically described as resistant to change. But given a decade of change in the clinical context in which feedback occurs, the authors asked if, and how, perceptions of feedback and feedback behaviors might have changed in response to contextual affordances. METHODS: In 2017, the authors conducted a follow-up, ethnographic study on 2 general pediatric floors at the same children's hospital where another ethnographic study on a general pediatric floor was conducted in 2007...
December 7, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214557/laparoscopic-intraperitoneal-onlay-mesh-for-pediatric-incisional-hernia-a-case-report
#7
Maho Inoue, Shigeyoshi Aoi, Akihiro Taniguchi, Kohei Sakai, Mayumi Higashi, Shigehisa Fumino, Taizo Furukawa, Tatsuro Tajiri
BACKGROUND: The incidence of incisional hernia in pediatric patients is low in comparison with that reported in adults. In the pediatric population, primary closure has generally been favored. However, synthetic or biomedical mesh offers advantages in the repair of larger defects when primary closure is difficult. The use of laparoscopic intraperitoneal onlay mesh (IPOM) in the adult population has been well documented. In the pediatric population, a few laparoscopic approaches with direct suturing have been proposed; however, there are no reports of laparoscopic repair with the use of IPOM...
December 7, 2017: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214394/serious-adverse-events-associated-with-anti-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-agents-in-pediatric-onset-inflammatory-bowel-disease-and-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-in-a-real-life-setting
#8
Serena Pastore, Samuele Naviglio, Arianna Canuto, Loredana Lepore, Stefano Martelossi, Alessandro Ventura, Andrea Taddio
OBJECTIVES: Anti-tumor necrosis factor alpha (anti-TNF-α) agents are generally well tolerated, yet they can be associated with serious adverse events (SAEs) in a minority of patients. We examined the incidence of SAEs in a pediatric referral center for chronic rheumatologic and gastroenterological inflammatory disorders. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of SAEs occurring during treatment with anti-TNF-α agents in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) (n = 78)  or pediatric-onset inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) (n = 105) seen at the Institute for Maternal and Child Health IRCCS "Burlo Garofolo" in Trieste, Italy, between June 2001 and February 2016...
December 6, 2017: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214085/sox5-null-heterozygous-mutation-in-a-family-with-adult-onset-hyperkinesia-and-behavioral-abnormalities
#9
Michael Zech, Katharina Poustka, Sylvia Boesch, Riccardo Berutti, Tim M Strom, Wolfgang Grisold, Werner Poewe, Juliane Winkelmann
SOX5 encodes a conserved transcription factor implicated in cell-fate decisions of the neural lineage. SOX5 haploinsufficiency induced by larger genomic deletions has been linked to a recognizable pediatric syndrome combining developmental delay with intellectual disability, mild dysmorphism, inadequate behavior, and variable additional features including motor disturbances. In contrast to SOX5-involving deletions, examples of pathogenic SOX5 small coding variations are sparse in the literature and have been described only in singular cases with phenotypic abnormalities akin to those seen in the SOX5 microdeletion syndrome...
2017: Case Reports in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212494/epidemiology-and-outcomes-of-children-with-renal-failure-in-the-pediatric-ward-of-a-tertiary-hospital-in-cameroon
#10
Marie Patrice Halle, Carine Tsou Lapsap, Esther Barla, Hermine Fouda, Hilaire Djantio, Beatrice Kaptue Moudze, Christophe Adjahoung Akazong, Eugene Belley Priso
BACKGROUND: Pediatric nephrology is challenging in developing countries and data on the burden of kidney disease in children is difficult to estimate due to absence of renal registries. We aimed to describe the epidemiology and outcomes of children with renal failure in Cameroon. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 103 medical records of children from 0 to 17 years with renal failure admitted in the Pediatric ward of the Douala General Hospital from 2004 to 2013...
December 6, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212134/association-between-attention-bias-to-threat-and-anxiety-symptoms-in-children-and-adolescents
#11
Rany Abend, Leone de Voogd, Elske Salemink, Reinout W Wiers, Koraly Pérez-Edgar, Amanda Fitzgerald, Lauren K White, Giovanni A Salum, Jie He, Wendy K Silverman, Jeremy W Pettit, Daniel S Pine, Yair Bar-Haim
BACKGROUND: Considerable research links threat-related attention biases to anxiety symptoms in adults, whereas extant findings on threat biases in youth are limited and mixed. Inconsistent findings may arise due to substantial methodological variability and limited sample sizes, emphasizing the need for systematic research on large samples. The aim of this report is to examine the association between threat bias and pediatric anxiety symptoms using standardized measures in a large, international, multi-site youth sample...
December 6, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211800/diagnostic-test-strategies-in-children-at-increased-risk-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease-in-primary-care
#12
Gea A Holtman, Yvonne Lisman-van Leeuwen, Boudewijn J Kollen, Obbe F Norbruis, Johanna C Escher, Laurence C Walhout, Angelika Kindermann, Yolanda B de Rijke, Patrick F van Rheenen, Marjolein Y Berger
BACKGROUND: In children with symptoms suggestive of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) who present in primary care, the optimal test strategy for identifying those who require specialist care is unclear. We evaluated the following three test strategies to determine which was optimal for referring children with suspected IBD to specialist care: 1) alarm symptoms alone, 2) alarm symptoms plus c-reactive protein, and 3) alarm symptoms plus fecal calprotectin. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted, including children with chronic gastrointestinal symptoms referred to pediatric gastroenterology...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210889/does-specialty-training-and-practice-setting-affect-adherence-to-the-pediatric-emergency-care-applied-research-network-criteria-for-pediatric-head-trauma
#13
Maria Tama, Neel Andharia, Collin Bufano, Josh Greenstein, Boris Khodorkovsky
OBJECTIVE: The goal was to determine the effects of specialty training and practice settings on the adherence to the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network (PECARN) criteria. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on a 2-campus hospital. Chart documentation was used to determine adherence to PECARN criteria. Inclusion criteria were any traumatic head injury within 24 hours in patients younger than 18 years over a 1-year period. Specialty training was subdivided into 3 groups: pediatric emergency medicine, emergency medicine (EM), and general pediatrics...
November 27, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210666/a-newly-synthetized-ferrocenyl-derivative-selectively-induces-apoptosis-in-all-lymphocytes-through-mitochondrial-estrogen-receptors
#14
Marjan Aghvami, Jalal Pourahmad, Afshin Zarghi, Peyman Eshghi, Mohammad Hadi Zarei, Shabnam Farzaneh, Fatemeh Sattari
BACKGROUND: Estrogens, as the main female steroid hormones have multiple proven effects on reproductive and non- reproductive systems. Expression of ERα and ERβ, two dominant estrogen receptors, in peripheral blood mononuclear cells in certain B-cell malignancies and the existence of estrogens receptors on mitochondria is open to question that estrogen likely has an impact on the cancerous lymphocytes life span. Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the frequent pediatric malignity which is recurrent and hardly curable in many cases...
December 5, 2017: Anti-cancer Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208726/how-parents-of-children-with-cancer-learn-about-their-children-s-prognosis
#15
Bryan A Sisk, Tammy I Kang, Jennifer W Mack
OBJECTIVES: To determine which prognostic information sources parents find informative and which are associated with better parental understanding of prognosis. METHODS: Prospective, questionnaire-based cohort study of parents and physicians of children with cancer at 2 academic pediatric hospitals. We asked parents how they learned about prognoses and evaluated relationships between information sources and prognostic understanding, defined as accuracy versus optimism...
December 5, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208324/measuring-the-cost-of-a-pediatric-vaccine-administration-in-the-uk
#16
S Mokiou, B Standaert, X Li, E De Cock
The administration of a vaccine dose involves a series of activities prior to and on the day of vaccine delivery. Total vaccination cost should include the cost of each activity, which is often not done or poorly reported. To calculate those costs a field study was performed in 6 United Kingdom (UK) sites (General Practitioner (GP) practices) during a 4-month period (April-June 2015). First, a workflow map of all the relevant vaccine-related activities per site was obtained through interviews. Second, time estimates for activities happening prior to the vaccination day were obtained through interviews and associated costs were calculated...
December 2, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206863/blood-collection-in-cell-stabilizing-tubes-does-not-impact-germline-dna-quality-for-pediatric-patients
#17
Bruce M Wollison, Edwin Thai, Aimee Mckinney, Abigail Ward, Andrea Clapp, Catherine Clinton, Anwesha Nag, Aaron R Thorner, Julie M Gastier-Foster, Brian D Crompton
OBJECTIVES: Liquid biopsy technologies allow non-invasive tumor profiling for patients with solid tumor malignancies by sequencing circulating tumor DNA. These studies may be useful in risk-stratification, monitoring for relapse, and understanding tumor evolution. The quality of DNA obtained for these studies is improved when blood samples are collected in tubes that stabilizing white blood cells (WBC). However, ongoing germline research in pediatric oncology generally requires obtaining blood samples in EDTA tubes, which do not contain a WBC-stabilizing preservative...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206726/standardization-of-pediatric-interfacility-transport-handover-measuring-the-development-of-a-shared-mental-model
#18
Anthony A Sochet, Kelsey S Ryan, Jennifer L Bartlett, Thomas A Nakagawa, Ladonna Bingham
OBJECTIVES: To determine if standardization of pediatric interfacility transport handover is associated with the development of a prototypical shared mental model between healthcare providers. DESIGN: A single center, prepost, retrospective cohort study. SETTINGS: A 259-bed, tertiary care, pediatric referral center. PATIENTS: Children 0 to 18 years old transferred to our critical care units or emergency center from October 2016 to February 2017...
December 4, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205687/ultrasound-guided-pudendal-nerve-block-in-children-a-new-technique-of-ultrasound-guided-transperineal-approach
#19
Isabelle Gaudet-Ferrand, Pablo De La Arena, Sophie Bringuier, Olivier Raux, Laurent Hertz, Nicolas Kalfa, Chrystelle Sola, Christophe Dadure
BACKGROUND: Transperineal pudendal nerve block guided by nerve stimulator is used in pediatric anesthesia as an alternative to caudal analgesia in perineal surgery. The risk of rectal puncture or intravascular injection is inherent to this blinded technique. We described a new technique of transperineal pudendal nerve block, with ultrasound guidance, to improve safety of the technique. AIMS: The first goal of this study was to describe this new technique and to test its feasibility...
December 5, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204335/temporal-trends-in-lipid-testing-among-children-and-adolescents-a-population-based-study
#20
Swetha Sriram, Jennifer L St Sauver, Debra J Jacobson, Chun Fan, Brian A Lynch, Valeria Cristiani, Iftikhar J Kullo, Aida N Lteif, Seema Kumar
Unfavorable lipid levels during childhood are associated with subsequent development of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. The American Academy of Pediatrics and National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute in 2011 recommended universal lipid screening for children between ages 9-11 years and between ages 17-21 years. The objective of the study was to determine temporal trends in lipid testing among children and young adults in a mid-western population. The Rochester Epidemiology Project database was used to identify lipid testing in ages 2-21 years (n = 51,176) in the Olmsted County population from January 1, 2008 through December 31, 2014...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
keyword
keyword
32004
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"