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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816160/the-impact-of-cardiac-radiation-dosimetry-on-survival-after-radiation-therapy-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#1
S Vivekanandan, D B Landau, N Counsell, D R Warren, A Khwanda, S D Rosen, E Parsons, Y Ngai, L Farrelly, L Hughes, M A Hawkins, J D Fenwick
PURPOSE: The heart receives high radiation doses during radiation therapy of advanced-stage lung cancer. We have explored associations between overall survival, cardiac radiation doses, and electrocardiographic (ECG) changes in patients treated in IDEAL-CRT, a trial of isotoxically escalated concurrent chemoradiation delivering tumor doses of 63 to 73 Gy. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Dosimetric and survival data were analyzed for 78 patients. The whole heart, pericardium, AV node, and walls of left and right atria (LA/RA-Wall) and ventricles (LV/RV-Wall) were outlined on radiation therapy planning scans, and differential dose-volume histograms (dDVHs) were calculated...
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806242/generalized-lymph-node-fdg-uptake-as-the-first-manifestation-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#2
Antoine Girard, Jessica Ohnona, Jean-François Bernaudin, Françoise Montravers, Claude Bachmeyer
We report 2 cases of young patients referred for FDG PET/CT for peripheral lymphadenopathy and moderate fever associated with pericarditis in 1 patient and glomerulonephritis in the other patient. FDG PET/CT showed a very similar appearance in these 2 patients, with highly avid lymph nodes with axillary predominance and diffuse FDG uptake in spleen and bone marrow. Systemic lupus erythematosus with an unusual presentation of generalized lymphadenopathy was diagnosed in both patients. This FDG distribution pattern should be kept in mind when PET is performed for etiological investigation of fever of unknown origin...
August 12, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803866/pericarditis-caused-by-campylobacter-fetus-subspecies-fetus-associated-with-ingestion-of-raw-beef-liver
#3
Yoshihiko Kiyasu, Daiki Akiyama, Yoko Kurihara, Hiroshi Koganemaru, Shigemi Hitomi
Campylobacter fetus is an organism residing primarily in the gastrointestinal tracts of cattle and sheep and transmitting to humans through ingestion of contaminated food products or surface water. The organism has caused various extraintestinal infections but, to date, purulent pericarditis due to the organism has rarely been described. We report a case of purulent pericarditis due to C. fetus subsp. fetus, occurring in a patient having several predisposing conditions, including receiving hemodialysis therapy, recent surgery for cecal cancer, and administration of esomeprazole...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798534/a-case-of-spontaneous-purulent-granulomatous-pericarditis-in-a-beagle
#4
Kyohei Kamio, Yutaka Nakanishi, Kenta Matsue, Minoru Sasaki
The present report describes a case of spontaneous purulent granulomatous pericarditis in a 16-month-old beagle. A gross necropsy revealed pericardial effusion and multiple nodules on the surface of the heart and around the aorta adjacent to the heart. The cut surface of these nodules was solid and white in color, containing partially yellowish white regions. Microscopically, granulomatous inflammation characterized by central necrotic cellular debris surrounded by neutrophils, macrophages, lymphocytes, plasma cells, fibroblasts and collagen fibers was observed in the epicardium...
July 2017: Journal of Toxicologic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790244/-effectiveness-of-the-waffle-procedure-for-constrictive-pericarditis
#5
Naoki Hashiyama, Hiroko Nemoto, Aya Kato, Masanobu Hashimoto, Makoto Mo, Munetaka Masuda
A 66-year-old woman was referred to our hospital with dyspnea. Right-sided congestive pleural effusion of an unknown etiology was detected and she was diagnosed with constrictive pericarditis. Pericardiectomy was performed via median sternotomy under extracorporeal circulation because severe adhesion was observed. However, hemodynamics did not improve after pericardial resection because of thickend epicardium in front of the right ventricle. Hence, the waffle procedure was additionally performed on the anterior surface of the right ventricle after coming-off the extracorporeal circulation...
August 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781305/purulent-pericarditis-with-salmonella-enterica-subspecies-arizona-in-a-patient-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#6
Ai Suzuki, Takamitsu Tanaka, Kenji Ohba, Naomi Ito, Yuki Sakai, Akane Kaneko, Masashi Machii, Daishi Nonaka, Yoshie Goto, Hiroyuki Takase
Purulent pericarditis is a life-threatening disorder, even in the modern antibiotic era. Although diabetes mellitus is known to be associated with an increased risk of multiple types of infections, purulent pericarditis is extremely rare. We herein report an unusual case of pericarditis caused by Salmonella enterica subspecies arizona that was not associated with any evident underlying immunosuppressive disorder apart from uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus. Because a pet snake was suspected as being the source of infection in the present case, patient education and a detailed review of exposure history could play an important role in treating patients with diabetes mellitus...
August 1, 2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780766/pericardiectomy-for-constrictive-pericarditis-an-institution-s-21-years-experience
#7
Leopold Rupprecht, Christina Putz, Bernhard Flörchinger, York Zausig, Daniele Camboni, Bernhard Unsöld, Christof Schmid
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 6, 2017: Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765186/tuberculous-pericarditis-treated-with-steroid-in-a-dialysis-patient
#8
Rie Aoyama, Joji Ishikawa, Kazumasa Harada, Yayoi Tukada
Mycobacterium tuberculosis has spread worldwide and its mortality rate had been very high. The prevention technology and antituberculosis (TB) chemotherapy has improved its prognosis. However, immunocompromised patients, such as those who had HIV infection, older age and on haemodialysis, are still at high risk of TB infection. TB pericarditis is a common cause of constrictive pericarditis and its mortality remains high. Early diagnosis and initiation of appropriate therapy are critical to improve mortality...
August 1, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760468/experience-with-pericardiectomy-for-constrictive-pericarditis-over-eight-decades
#9
Takashi Murashita, Hartzell V Schaff, Richard C Daly, Jae K Oh, Joseph A Dearani, John M Stulak, Katherine S King, Kevin L Greason
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to review the surgical outcomes of pericardiectomy for constrictive pericarditis and to examine risk factors for overall mortality in a contemporary period. METHODS: We reviewed all patients who underwent pericardiectomy for constriction from 1936 through 2013. The investigation included constrictive pericarditis cases confirmed intraoperatively, all other types of pericarditis were excluded; 1,071 pericardiectomies were performed in 1,066 individual patients...
July 28, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757525/traumatic-pericarditis-caused-by-a-bamboo-twig-in-captive-waterbuck-kobus-ellipsiprymnus
#10
Kyung-Yeon Eo, Hyun-Ho Lee, Seul-Kee Lee, Young-Mok Jung, Yong-Gu Yeo, Ji-Sook Ryu, Sin-Geun Kang, Dongmi Kwak, Oh-Deog Kwon
A 19-year-old captive male waterbuck (Kobus ellipsiprymnus) exhibited traumatic pericarditis at necropsy. The animal weighed 182 kg at necropsy and revealed no remarkable findings in external observation. Severe pericardial adhesions with fibrosis, hepato-diaphragmatic adhesions, straw-colored ascites and hepatosplenomegaly were observed upon examining the internal organs. Perforations made by a 12-cm-long sharp-ended bamboo twig were detected in the reticulum, diaphragm, pericardium, lung and liver. Trueperella pyogenes was identified in pericardial fluid...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756268/a-case-of-tuberculous-pericarditis-mimicking-lupus-carditis
#11
Panagiota Christia, Jeremy Miles, Ioanna Katsa, Carola Maraboto, Robert Faillace
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 26, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746150/refractory-idiopathic-recurrent-pericarditis-treatment-with-interleukin-1-receptor-antagonist-is-an-option
#12
Kubra Ozturk, Murat Deveci, Zelal Ekinci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744873/epicardial-ablation-of-tachyarrhythmia-in-children-experience-at-two-academic-centers
#13
Shailendra Upadhyay, Edward P Walsh, Frank Cecchin, John K Triedman, Juan Villafane, J Philip Saul
BACKGROUND: Experience with percutaneous epicardial ablation of tachyarrhythmia in pediatrics is limited. This case series addresses the feasibility, safety and complications of the procedure in children. METHODS: A total of 9 patients underwent 10 epicardial ablation procedures from 2002 to 2013 at two academic centers. Activation mapping was performed in all cases, and electro-anatomic map was utilized in 9 of the 10 procedures. Patients had undergone 1-3 failed endocardial catheter ablations in addition to medical management, and all had symptoms, a high-risk accessory pathway (AP), aborted cardiac arrest with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome (WPW) or ventricular dysfunction...
July 26, 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743473/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-hardware-disease
#14
REVIEW
Matt D Miesner, Emily J Reppert
Eating habits in cattle are less discriminant than other ruminants, and they more often accidentally ingest strange objects while feeding. Penetrating foreign bodies may cause mild to severe peritonitis, penetrate the diaphragm to cause pleuritis or pericarditis, or cause localized abscesses in the thorax or abdomen. Because these objects are most often metal, a common term for this problem is hardware disease. An accurate history and thorough physical examination often yields a diagnosis; however, ancillary diagnostics can enhance accuracy and disease magnitude before exploratory surgery...
July 22, 2017: Veterinary Clinics of North America. Food Animal Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739311/-constrictive-pericarditis-and-single-coronary-artery-rare-presentation
#15
Zaira Yadira García-López, Moises Jiménez-Santos, César Antonio Flores-García, Alejandra Moreno-Vázquez, José Antonio Magaña-Serrano, Victor Manuel Prevé-Castro, Luis Efrén Santos-Martínez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2017: Archivos de Cardiología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737876/-acute-pericarditis-complicated-by-pericardial-effusion-in-a-pediatric-patient-case-report
#16
Daniel Palanca Arias, Elena G Corella Aznar, Ariadna Ayerza Casas, Alba Fernández Gómez, Marta López Ramón, Lorenzo Jiménez Montañés
Acute pericarditis is the most common disease of the pericardium encountered in clinical practice. It is diagnosed in 0.1% of all admissions and 5% of emergency room admissions for chest pain. In developed countries, it is usually due to a benign cause. Idiopathic and infectious pericarditis are more common than secondary to surgical pericardiotomy or neoplastic causes, whereas tuberculosis is the dominant cause in developing countries. The most common symptoms of pericarditis are characteristic chest pain and fever...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727582/rapidly-growing-coronary-artery-aneurysm-associated-with-pericarditis
#17
Hiroyoshi Mori, Kohei Wakabayashi, Hiroshi Suzuki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724847/a-case-of-primary-bacterial-pericarditis-with-recurrent-cardiac-tamponade
#18
Takashi Yoshizane, Takeshi Yamamoto, Hiroshi Hayashi, Mitsunobu Kitamura, Hideki Miyachi, Yusuke Hosokawa, Koichi Akutsu, Wataru Shimizu
Cardiac tamponade is an important and potentially lethal complication of acute pericarditis. However, recurrence of cardiac tamponade is rare when it is treated appropriately. We present a 49-year-old man with bacterial pericarditis and recurrent cardiac tamponade, which was caused by the rupture of an upper part of the left atrium (LA). According to the autopsy findings, bacteremia from Staphylococcus aureus developed on a substrate of poorly controlled diabetes mellitus and spread to the pericardium via the blood...
2017: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724375/bilateral-idiopathic-retinal-vasculitis-following-coxsackievirus-a4-infection-a-case-report
#19
Izumi Mine, Manzo Taguchi, Yutaka Sakurai, Masaru Takeuchi
BACKGROUND: Coxsackieviruses are members of a group of viruses called the enteroviruses, which may cause respiratory and gastrointestinal symptoms, erythema, meningoencephalitis, myocarditis, pericarditis, and myositis. Unilateral acute idiopathic maculopathy caused by coxsackievirus A16 has been associated with hand, foot, and mouth disease, but only a few reports describe retinitis associated with coxsackievirus serotype B3 or B4. We report a case of bilateral multifocal obstructive retinal vasculitis that developed after coxsackievirus A4 infection...
July 19, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720034/rheumatic-fever-presenting-as-recurrent-pericarditis-and-cardiac-tamponade
#20
Ashley Howard, Lisa Sutton Md, Jaime Fergie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
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