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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788235/heart-under-attack-cardiac-manifestations-of-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#1
Natalie E Mitchell, Nicole Harrison, Zachary Junga, Manish Singla
There is a well-established association between chronic inflammation and an elevated risk of heart disease among patients with systemic autoimmune conditions. This review aims to summarize existing literature on the relationship between inflammatory bowel disease and ischemic heart disease, heart failure, arrhythmia, and pericarditis, with particular attention to approaches to management and treatment.
May 18, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778090/massive-pericardial-effusion-without-cardiac-tamponade-due-to-subclinical-hypothyroidism-hashimoto-s-disease
#2
Panteleimon E Papakonstantinou, Nikolaos Gourniezakis, Christos Skiadas, Alexandros Patrianakos, Achilleas Gikas
CONTEXT: Hypothyroidism is a significant cause of pericardial effusion. However, large pericardial effusions due to hypothyroidism are extremely rare. Hormone replacement therapy is the cornerstone of treatment for hypothyroidism and regular follow-up of patients after initiation of the therapy is indicated. Herein, the case of a 70-year-old woman with a massive pericardial effusion due to Hashimoto's disease is presented. ISSUES: A 70-year-old female from a rural village on the island of Crete, Greece, was admitted to our hospital due to a urinary tract infection...
May 2018: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777668/anterior-pericardiectomy-for-post-infective-constrictive-pericarditis-intermediate-term-outcomes
#3
Anil Acharya, Raamesh Koirala, Nivesh Rajbhandari, Jyotindra Sharma, Bijoy Rajbanshi
BACKGROUND: Post tubercular constrictive pericarditis is prevalent pericardial disease in developing countries. Pericardiectomy is the treatment of choice but considered a procedure of high morbidity and mortality. METHODS: From January 2003 to December 2013 we performed 130 pericardiectomies. Mean age was 22.95±12.55 years with 92 (71%) males. All patients were symptomatic; 118 (91%) were in NYHA class III / IV. Almost all patients were diagnosed to be of tubercular origin; 14 (11 %) histopathologically proven, 77 (59%) with definitive history while 39 (30%) suspected to be of tubercular origin and 91 (70%) received prior antitubercular treatment...
May 16, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769458/pathological-findings-of-rivaroxaban-associated-hemorrhagic-pericarditis
#4
Masaki Kodaira, Hiroyuki Yamazaki, Ryota Tabei, Toshiki Kuno, Kazuhiko Shimizu, Yohei Numasawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2018: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769193/pyopericardium-progressing-to-tamponade-in-a-patient-with-immune-thrombocytopenia
#5
Manoj Gopalakrishnan, Robin George Manappallil, Harilal Nambiar, John Francis John
Pericardial effusion can develop during any stage of pericarditis, and small effusions that appear rapidly can cause cardiac tamponade. Pyopericardium is a rare aetiology for tamponade. This is a case of an elderly diabetic lady, on steroid therapy for immune thrombocytopenia, who presented with fever and acute dyspnoea. She developed cardiac tamponade due to pyopericardium with Staphylococcus as the causative organism. Staphylococcus pyopericardium, in the absence of a primary focus of infection, progressing to tamponade is an uncommon scenario...
May 16, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768154/tuberculous-pericarditis
#6
Daniel Faria, Antonio Freitas
New England Journal of Medicine, Volume 378, Issue 20, May 2018.
May 17, 2018: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764826/systemic-sclerosis-severe-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-and-pericardial-effusion-at-diagnosis
#7
Patricia Moniz, Daniel Rei, Joana Rodrigues, Arturo Botella
A 51-year-old female patient with a recent hospital admission reported to the emergency room (ER) with progressive worsening of fatigue, dyspnoea and chest discomfort. She had been recently admitted and discharged with the diagnosis of pericarditis and medicated with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and diuretics. She returned to the ER with persisting symptoms. Echocardiography was repeated and showed signs of elevated right ventricular systolic pressure and a slightly increased moderate/severe pericardial effusion without signs of cardiac tamponade...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762881/colchicine-a-microtubule-disassembling-drug-in-the-therapy-of-cardiovascular-diseases
#8
George N Chaldakov
Colchicum autumnale, from which colchicine has been isolated more than 100 years ago, has been used as a treatment for pain and swelling for thousands of years. It is one of the few drugs known from that time period whose use has survived to modernity. Over the past decades, advances in the knowledge of (i) cytoskeletal microtubules (МТ), and (ii) anti-inflammatory and anti-fibrotic effects of colchicine, a classical MT-disassembling (tubulin-targeting) agent, have led to potential new uses for this very old drug extended beyond acute gouty arthritis and familial Mediterranean fever...
May 15, 2018: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761570/radical-pericardiectomy-for-chronic-constrictive-pericarditis
#9
Shahab Nozohoor, Maria Johansson, Bansi Koul, Doris Cunha-Goncalves
BACKGROUND: We studied the impact of radical pericardiectomy on early and long-term patient survival, postoperative New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class, and left ventricular ejection fraction in patients with chronic constrictive pericarditis compared to a sub-total pericardiectomy. METHODS: From 1991 to 2016, 41 patients underwent pericardiectomy for chronic constrictive pericarditis. Sub-total pericardiectomy was performed in 17 (41%) and radical pericardiectomy in 24 (59%) patients...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755948/two-cases-of-acute-pneumococcal-purulent-arthritis
#10
Masafumi Seki, Bin Chang, Kengo Ohshima, Yuji Watanabe
We present two adult cases of pneumococcal severe arthritis one case with, and other case without pericarditis those occurred in one season. Both cases eventually recovered, and the isolated S. pneumoniae strains were serotype 12F and penicillin susceptible. The patients were not elderly and had no medical history including pneumonia and vaccination. Although S. pneumoniae is a relatively rare causative pathogen of arthritis and/or pericarditis recently, a greater number of cases may be expected as a result of serotype conversion due to the increased use of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines in Japan...
2018: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755076/-constrictive-pericarditis-with-intractable-ascites-after-aortic-valve-replacement-report-of-a-case
#11
Rie Kageyama, Kyouhei Ueno, Masatoshi Sunada, Hirofumi Midorikawa, Megumu Kanno, Takashi Takano, Kouichi Satou
We report a 68-year-old man, who developed refractory ascites of unknown cause after aortic valve replacement. He was diagnosed with constrictive pericarditis because of "dip-and-plateau" waveform findings via cardiac catheterization and operated with cardiopulmonary bypass. Following waffle procedure, we incised pericardium for decompression, so that pericardial mobility and diastolic dysfunction was improved. Postoperative computed tomography (CT) image also showed decrease of ascites fluid. We concluded that pericardiotomy is an established surgical procedure and is excellent indication to constrictive pericarditis...
March 2018: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750185/targeting-inflammatory-citokines-to-prevent-constriction-in-tuberculous-pericarditis-and-beyond
#12
EDITORIAL
Massimo Imazio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: IJC Heart & Vasculature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750184/effect-of-prednisolone-on-inflammatory-markers-in-pericardial-tuberculosis-a-pilot-study
#13
Justin Shenje, Rachel P Lai, Ian L Ross, Bongani M Mayosi, Robert J Wilkinson, Mpiko Ntsekhe, Katalin A Wilkinson
Background: Pericardial disorders are a common cause of heart disease, and the most common cause of pericarditis in developing countries is tuberculous (TB) pericarditis. It has been shown that prednisolone added to standard anti-TB therapy leads to a lower rate of constrictive pericarditis. We conducted a pilot study to evaluate the effect of adjunctive prednisolone treatment on the concentration of inflammatory markers in pericardial tuberculosis, in order to inform immunological mechanisms at the disease site...
March 2018: IJC Heart & Vasculature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747127/wideband-lge-mri-permits-unobstructed-viewing-of-myocardial-scarring-in-a-patient-with-an-mr-conditional-subcutaneous-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator
#14
Amir Ali Rahsepar, Jeremy D Collins, Bradley P Knight, KyungPyo Hong, James C Carr, Daniel Kim
A subcutaneous implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (S-ICD) is an alternative device for prevention of sudden cardiac death, without any leads within the heart. Patients implanted with any type of ICD may need catheter ablation of ventricular tachycardia (VT) to reduce the overall arrhythmia burden (e.g., recurrent monomorphic VT) and lower the incidence of painful shocks induced by the device. Late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) MRI is a useful pre-test for guiding VT ablation, because it can be used to map myocardial scar and produce better outcomes...
May 4, 2018: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746000/pericarditis-among-giant-cell-arteritis-patients-from-myth-to-reality
#15
Shmuel Tiosano, Yehuda Adler, Shir Azrielant, Yarden Yavne, Omer Gendelman, Dana Ben-Ami Shor, Doron Comaneshter, Guy Shalom, Arnon D Cohen, Howard Amital
BACKGROUND: Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is an inflammatory disease of unknown etiology affecting adults age > 50 years. GCA (also known as temporal arteritis) is a vasculitis of large and medium-size vessels that involves the extracranial branches of the carotid artery. Common manifestations include constitutional symptoms, headache, jaw claudication, scalp tenderness, and vision loss. Cardiac involvement in GCA is considered to be as low as 5%, and < 30 cases of pericarditis among GCA patients have been reported in the literature...
May 10, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732323/analysis-of-the-causes-of-the-seizure-and-destruction-of-carcasses-and-organs-in-a-slaughterhouse-in-central-italy-in-the-2010-2016-period
#16
Margherita Ceccarelli, Elisa Leprini, Paola Sechi, Maria Francesca Iulietto, Luca Grispoldi, Enzo Goretti, Beniamino Terzo Cenci-Goga
Meat safety and hygiene are fundamental issues for producers and endusers. To achieve these goals, the inspection of carcasses and organs at slaughter is critical. The results of post-mortem inspection are the basis for planning preventive measures against consumer risks and for limiting economic losses. In this retrospective study, the causes of the seizure and destruction of carcasses and organs were analysed at a slaughterhouse in central Italy from 2010 to 2016. 436,646 slaughtered animals were taken into consideration, for a total of 61,799 seizures (73...
March 31, 2018: Italian Journal of Food Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731032/successful-total-pericardiectomy-for-constrictive-pericarditis-in-the-first-series-of-japanese-patients-with-mulibrey-nanism
#17
Jun Yasuhara, Sayu Omori, Jun Maeda, Naomi Nakagawa, Masahiro Kamada, Kenjiro Kosaki, Ryo Aeba, Hiroyuki Yamagishi
Patients with Mulibrey nanism (MUL) present with growth failure and multiple organ manifestations, and MUL is caused by mutations in TRIM37. In this article, we report on the first case series of Japanese patients with MUL who developed congestive heart failure due to constrictive pericarditis. Our case series suggests that early diagnosis and total pericardiectomy before adherence of the pericardium might provide clinical benefit and better prognosis for MUL.
May 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730693/a-case-of-tuberculosis-pericarditis-with-an-interesting-echocardiographic-image
#18
Kursat Arslan, Ufuk Taner, Suleyman Cagan Efe, Burak Ayca, Turgut Karabag
Tuberculosis-associated pericardial disorders are an excessively rare manifestation of extrapulmonary tuberculosis. The patients may present with constrictive pericarditis or pericardial fluid accumulation leading to cardiac tamponade. This paper reports a case of tuberculosis-associated pericardial effusion with dense fibrinous material not causing tamponade in a foreigner presenting with nonspecific symptoms. It also provides a discussion about the diagnostic and therapeutic methods as well as interesting echocardiographic images of the patient...
May 2, 2018: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728118/recurrence-of-pericarditis-after-influenza-vaccination-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Riccardo Mei, Emanuel Raschi, Elisabetta Poluzzi, Igor Diemberger, Fabrizio De Ponti
BACKGROUND: This case report describes a patient with pericarditis likely attributed to influenza vaccination (positive rechallenge), with a literature review. CASE PRESENTATION: A 87-year old patient developed pericarditis after influenza vaccination, with acute chest pain, without ECG abnormalities or increased cardiac enzyme levels. Echocardiogram showed moderate pericardial effusion. Recovery was obtained through steroids One year later, few days after re-immunization, the patient experienced the same symptoms and was admitted to hospital with diagnosis of recurrence of pericarditis with severe pericardial effusion, again treated with steroids...
May 5, 2018: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727888/-heart-failure-despite-low-bnp-level-paradoxon-or-pathfinder-a-case-of-pericarditis-constrictiva
#20
Henning Dopp, Petra Maagh, Axel Meissner
HISTORY AND CLINICIAL FINDINGS:  We elaborate a case of a 48-year old patient of indian descent who presented with shortness of breath, lower extremity edema and ascites in our emergency unit.One year beforehand tuberculous pleuritis was diagnosed and treated in accordance with guidelines. INVESTIGATIONS:  CT-Scan of the heart revealed a pericardial thickening with calcifications. Echocardiographic examination and invasive pressure measurement did not provide any clear evidence of pericarditis constrictiva...
May 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
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