keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Tar

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647514/aqueous-cigarette-tar-extracts-disrupt-corticogenesis-from-human-embryonic-stem-cells-in-vitro
#1
Aynun N Begum, Jose S Aguilar, Yiling Hong
BACKGROUND: Cigarette butts are the most common form of litter in the world, and approximately 4.5 trillion smoked cigarettes are discarded every year worldwide. Cigarette butts contain over 4000 chemicals, many of which are known to have neurotoxic effects. Stem cell neuronal differentiation provides an excellent cellular model with which to examine the impact of aqueous cigarette tar extracts (ACTEs) on neurodevelopment. METHODS: We have developed a neurosphere-based stem cell neuronal differentiation protocol that can recapitulate corticogenesis and produce cell types that are similar to upper and lower layer cortical projection neurons found in the germinal zone of the developing human cortex...
June 22, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647343/alcoholic-cardiomyopathy-what-is-known-and-what-is-not-known
#2
REVIEW
Antonio Mirijello, Claudia Tarli, Gabriele Angelo Vassallo, Luisa Sestito, Mariangela Antonelli, Cristina d'Angelo, Anna Ferrulli, Salvatore De Cosmo, Antonio Gasbarrini, Giovanni Addolorato
Excessive alcohol consumption represents one of the main causes of non-ischemic dilated cardiomyopathy. Alcoholic cardiomyopathy is characterized by dilation and impaired contraction of one or both myocardial ventricles. It represents the final effect of alcohol-induced toxicity to the heart. Several pathophysiological mechanisms have been proposed at the basis of alcohol-induced damage, most of which are still object of research. Unfortunately, symptoms of alcoholic cardiomyopathy are not specific and common to other forms of heart failure and appear when dilatation and systolic dysfunction are consolidated...
June 21, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647223/fluid-dynamics-model-on-fluidized-bed-gasifier-using-agro-industrial-biomass-as-fuel
#3
Tamer M Ismail, M Abd El-Salam, Eliseu Monteiro, Abel Rouboa
The present study shows the experimental and numerical results of thermal gasification of biomass, on the energy potential of agro-industrial waste from the Portalegre region. Gasification tests were performed in a pilot-scale fluidized bed gasifier, in order to study the behavior of peach stones and miscanthus to investigate the effect of gasification temperatures at 750°C, 800°C and 850°C at a constant biomass flow rate of 45kg/h. In order to optimize the operating conditions of the biomass gasification process, a numerical model is developed namely COMMENT code...
June 21, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642571/pharmacokinetic-and-pharmacodynamic-modeling-of-cyadox-against-clostridium-perfringens-in-swine
#4
Lei Yan, Shuyu Xie, Dongmei Chen, Yuanhu Pan, Yanfei Tao, Wei Qu, ZhenLi Liu, Zonghui Yuan, Lingli Huang
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the activity of cyadox against Clostridium perfringens in swine and optimize the dosage regimen using ex vivo pharmacokinetic-pharmacodynamic (PK-PD) modeling. After oral administration, the ileum fluid of pigs containing the free cyadox was collected by implanted ultrafiltration probes. The Tmax, AUC24h, and CL/F of free cyadox in the ileum fluid were 1.96 h, 106.40 μg/h/mL, and 0.27 L/kg/h, respectively. Cyadox displayed a concentration-dependent killing action against C...
June 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641535/hiv-1-transcription-inhibitors-increase-the-synthesis-of-viral-non-coding-rna-that-contribute-to-latency
#5
Yao A Akpamagbo, Catherine DeMarino, Michelle L Pleet, Angela Schwab, Myosotys Rodriguez, Robert A Barclay, Gavin Sampey, Sergey Iordanskiy, Nazira El-Hage, Fatah Kashanchi
BACKGROUND: HIV-1 can be preserved in long-lived resting CD4+ T- and myeloid cells, forming a viral reservoir in tissues of the infected individuals. Infected patients primarily receive cART, which, to date, is the most efficient treatment against HIV/AIDS. However, the major problem in the eradication of HIV-1 from patients is the lack of therapeutic approaches to recognize the latent HIV-1 provirus and to eliminate latently infected cells. RESULTS: In the current review, we describe the effect of HIV-1 transcriptional inhibitors CR8#13 and F07#13 using a series of in vitro and in vivo assays...
June 22, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638390/characterization-genomic-organization-abundance-and-chromosomal-distribution-of-ty1-copia-retrotransposons-in-erianthus-arundinaceus
#6
Yongji Huang, Ling Luo, Xuguang Hu, Fan Yu, Yongqing Yang, Zuhu Deng, Jiayun Wu, Rukai Chen, Muqing Zhang
Erianthus arundinaceus is an important wild species of the genus Saccharum with many valuable traits. However, the composition and structure of its genome are largely unknown, which have hindered its utilization in sugarcane breeding and evolutionary research. Retrotransposons constitute an appreciable fraction of plant genomes and may have played a significant role in the evolution and sequence organization of genomes. In the current study, we investigate the phylogenetic diversity and genomic abundance of Ty1-copia retrotransposons for the first time and inspect their chromosomal distribution patterns in E...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626005/the-auxin-biosynthetic-tryptophan-aminotransferase-related-tatar2-1-3a-increases-wheat-grain-yield
#7
An Shao, Wenying Ma, Xueqiang Zhao, Mengyun Hu, Xue He, Wan Teng, Hui Li, Yiping Tong
Controlling the major auxin biosynthetic pathway to manipulate the auxin content could be a target for genetic engineering of crops with desired traits, but little progress had been made because low or high auxin contents often cause developmental inhibition. Here, we performed a genome-wide analysis of bread wheat (Triticum aestivum) to identify the tryptophan aminotransferase of Arabidopsis1/tryptophan aminotransferase-related (TAA1/TAR) genes that function in the tryptophan-dependent pathway of auxin biosynthesis...
June 16, 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625856/nitroglycerin-increases-serotonin-transporter-expression-in-rat-spinal-cord-but-anandamide-modulated-this-effect
#8
Gábor Nagy-Grócz, Zsuzsanna Bohár, Annamária Fejes-Szabó, Klaudia Flóra Laborc, Eleonóra Spekker, Lilla Tar, László Vécsei, Árpád Párdutz
Migraine is one of the most prevalent neurological diseases, which affects 16% of the total population. The exact pathomechanism of this disorder is still not well understood, but it seems that serotonin and its transporter have a crucial role in the pathogenesis. One of the animal models of migraine is the systemic administration of nitroglycerin (NTG), a nitric oxide (NO) donor. NO can initiate a central sensitization process in the trigeminal system, which is also present in migraineurs. Recent studies showed that the endocannabinoid system has a modulatory role on the trigeminal activation and sensitization...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625133/recent-advances-in-targeting-the-hiv-1-tat-tar-complex
#9
Fardokht A Abulwerdi, Stuart F J Le Grice
Following seminal discoveries by Rosen and co-workers in 1985, the HIV-1 TAR has emerged as one of the most extensively studied regulatory elements of the HIV-1 genome. Located adjacent to the long terminal repeat promoter, this cis-acting motif, in conjunction with the viral Tat protein, plays a critical role in viral genomic RNA synthesis via modification of the transcription complex. As such, the Tat/TAR axis has been the subject of intense efforts aimed at developing therapeutic interventions, directed against both the protein and nucleic acid components...
June 15, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617095/association-of-ankle-arthritis-score-with-need-for-revision-surgery
#10
Stephen Croft, Kevin J Wing, Timothy R Daniels, Mark Glazebrook, Peter Dryden, Alastair Younger, Murray J Penner, Jason M Sutherland
BACKGROUND: The Ankle Arthritis Score (AAS) is a new patient-reported outcome derived from the Ankle Osteoarthritis Scale (AOS). This study analyzed longitudinally collected data from a cohort of patients in the Canadian Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (COFAS) Ankle Arthritis Study in order to evaluate whether the postoperative AAS is associated with need for revision surgery. METHODS: A multicenter, prospective, ankle-reconstruction study enrolled 653 ankles undergoing total ankle replacement (TAR) or ankle arthrodesis (AA)...
June 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614929/-research-of-relationship-between-occupational-exposure-to-coal-tar-pitch-workers-and-cytogenetic-damage
#11
X C Sun, F Zhang, W Zhang, X Yang, H Shao, Z X Wang
Objective: To investigate the effect of coal tar pitch occupational exposure on the cytogenetic damage. Methods: In July 2015, 691 workers exposed to coal tar pitch were selected as contact group. The administrative and the support crew 201 cases were selected as control group. Detect the tail DNA% and tail moment in peripheral blood lymphocyte as DNA damage degree by single cell gel electrophoresis (SCGE) . Detect the concentration of the metabolic product in urine by HPLC/MC as exposure levels. Results: The contact group were significantly higher than the control group in tail DNA% (contact group14...
April 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614928/-analysis-of-inner-or-extra-exposure-for-worker-in-carbon-and-coal-tar-process-industries
#12
X C Wang, F Zhang, N Jia, W Zhang, X Y Zhang, J Li, H Shao
Objective: To evaluate the inner or extra-exposure of workers in carbon and coal tar process industries. Methods: In May 2015, 271 exposure and 75 non-exposure workers in two of carbon and coal tar process industries in Shandong province were selected. Coal tar pitch (CTP) was detected according to the methods of GB17054-1997. The 1-OH-Nap、2-OH-Nap、1-OH-Pyr in urine were detected by high performance liquid Chromatography (HPLC) . Results: The concentration of 1-OH-Nap、2-OH-Nap、1-OH-Pyr in urine of exposure group were significant higher than that of control group (P<0...
April 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614926/-investigation-and-analysis-on-occupational-hazards-in-a-carbon-enterprise
#13
C D Lu, Q F Ding, Z X Wang, H Shao, X C Sun, F Zhang
Objective: To explore occupational-disease-inductive in a carbon enterprise workplace and personnel occupational health examination, providing the basis for occupational disease prevention and control of the industry. Methods: Field occupational health survey and inspection law were used to study the the situation and degree of occupational disease hazards in carbon enterprise from 2013 to 2015.Occupational health monitoring was used for workers, physical examination, detection of occupational hazard factors and physical examination results were analyzed comprehensive...
April 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611593/autophagy-and-its-impact-on-neurodegenerative-diseases-new-roles-for-tdp-43-and-c9orf72
#14
REVIEW
Mauricio Budini, Emanuele Buratti, Eugenia Morselli, Alfredo Criollo
Autophagy is a catabolic mechanism where intracellular material is degraded by vesicular structures called autophagolysosomes. Autophagy is necessary to maintain the normal function of the central nervous system (CNS), avoiding the accumulation of misfolded and aggregated proteins. Consistently, impaired autophagy has been associated with the pathogenesis of various neurodegenerative diseases. The proteins TAR DNA-binding protein-43 (TDP-43), which regulates RNA processing at different levels, and chromosome 9 open reading frame 72 (C9orf72), probably involved in membrane trafficking, are crucial in the development of neurodegenerative diseases such as Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and Frontotemporal Lobar Degeneration (FTLD)...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609788/resolving-sugar-puckers-in-rna-excited-states-exposes-slow-modes-of-repuckering-dynamics
#15
Mary C Clay, Laura R Ganser, Dawn K Merriman, Hashim M Al-Hashimi
Recent studies have shown that RNAs exist in dynamic equilibrium with short-lived low-abundance 'excited states' that form by reshuffling base pairs in and around non-canonical motifs. These conformational states are proposed to be rich in non-canonical motifs and to play roles in the folding and regulatory functions of non-coding RNAs but their structure proves difficult to characterize given their transient nature. Here, we describe an approach for determining sugar pucker conformation in RNA excited states through nuclear magnetic resonance measurements of C1΄ and C4΄ rotating frame spin relaxation (R1ρ) in uniformly 13C/15N labeled RNA samples...
June 13, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605301/cold-preparation-of-heroin-in-a-black-tar-market
#16
Alexis M Roth, Richard F Armenta, Karla D Wagner, Steffanie A Strathdee, Jesse L Goldshear, Jazmine Cuevas-Mota, Richard S Garfein
BACKGROUND: Black tar heroin is typically prepared for injection with heat which decreases the risk of HIV transmission by inactivating the virus. We received reports that persons who inject drugs (PWID) in Tijuana, Baja California, Mexico, a black tar heroin market, were using only water to dissolve heroin. OBJECTIVES: Because Tijuana abuts San Diego County, CA, United States, we undertook the present analyses to determine the prevalence of this practice among PWID in San Diego, California...
June 12, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604899/antireflective-coatings-with-enhanced-adhesion-strength
#17
Sadaf Bashir Khan, Hui Wu, Zhu Fei, Shuai Ning, Zhengjun Zhang
The importance of tuning refractive index in a multilayer antireflection coating (ARC) system can not be denied. In practical applications, regulation of refractive index is complex due to limited choice and availability of appropriate materials for the trilayer AR coating assembly. To overcome this issue, we used a single inorganic material, HfO2, for the construction of a trilayer AR light harvesting moth eye, resembling hierarchical nanostructure coatings, for exploring new generation photovoltaics and optoelectronic devices...
June 12, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600885/immunolocalization-of-tar-dna-binding-protein-of-43%C3%A2-kda-tdp-43-in-mouse-seminiferous-epithelium
#18
Hari Prasad Osuru, Patcharin Pramoonjago, Mayuresh Abhyankar, Eric Swanson, LaToya Ann Roker, Helen Cathro, Prabhakara P Reddi
TDP-43 (TAR DNA-binding protein of 43 kDa) is an evolutionarily conserved, ubiquitously expressed, multi-functional DNA/RNA-binding protein with roles in gene transcription, mRNA splicing, stability, transport, micro RNA biogenesis, and suppression of transposons. Aberrant expression of TDP-43 in testis and sperm was recently shown to be associated with male infertility, which highlights the need to understand better the expression of TDP-43 in the testis. We previously cloned TDP-43 from a mouse testis cDNA library, and showed that it functions as a transcriptional repressor, and regulates the precise spatiotemporal expression of the Acrv1 gene, which encodes the acrosomal protein SP-10, during spermatogenesis...
June 10, 2017: Molecular Reproduction and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600583/relation-of-cardiac-arrhythmias-to-hypoxic-time-and-lowest-oxygen-saturation-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-in-an-asian-context-a-singapore-sleep-centre-study
#19
Adele Cw Ng, Wei Li Neo, Mahalakshmi Rangabashyam, Ying Hao, Kah Leng Ho, Song Tar Toh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599005/formation-and-spreading-of-tdp-43-aggregates-in-cultured-neuronal-and-glial-cells-demonstrated-by-time-lapse-imaging
#20
Tomohiro Ishii, Emiko Kawakami, Kentaro Endo, Hidemi Misawa, Kazuhiko Watabe
TAR DNA-binding protein 43 (TDP-43) is a main constituent of cytoplasmic aggregates in neuronal and glial cells in cases of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal lobar degeneration. We have previously demonstrated that adenovirus-transduced artificial TDP-43 cytoplasmic aggregates formation is enhanced by proteasome inhibition in vitro and in vivo. However, the relationship between cytoplasmic aggregate formation and cell death remains unclear. In the present study, rat neural stem cell lines stably transfected with EGFP- or Sirius-expression vectors under the control of tubulin beta III, glial fibrillary acidic protein, or 2',3'-cyclic nucleotide 3'-phosphodiesterase promoter were differentiated into neurons, astrocytes, and oligodendrocytes, respectively, in the presence of retinoic acid...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
31998
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"