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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900090/traumatic-rupture-of-solid-pseudopapillary-tumors-of-the-pancreas-in-children-a-case-report
#1
Semih Lütfi Mirapoğlu, Ibrahim Aydogdu, Zuhal Gucin, Temel Fatih Yilmaz, Tarik Umutoglu, Huseyin Kilincaslan
Solid pseudopapillary tumor (SPT) of the pancreas is a pathological entity rarely encountered in children. Despite its malignant characteristics, SPT has a favorable clinical prognosis. This tumor is more frequently observed in females and is commonly localized in the tail and body of the pancreas. This is the case report of a 9-year-old female patient who presented with severe abdominal pain of sudden onset and vomiting following blunt abdominal trauma. Upon physical examination, abdominal distension, tenderness and abdominal guarding were detected...
November 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894394/differences-of-cell-surface-marker-expression-between-bone-marrow-and-kidney-derived-murine-mesenchymal-stromal-cells-and-fibroblasts
#2
F Cakiroglu, J W Osbahr, J Kramer, J Rohwedel
Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) are undifferentiated, multipotent adult cells with regenerative properties. They are particularly relevant for therapeutic approaches due to the simplicity of their isolation and cultivation. Since MSC show an expression pattern of cell surface marker, which is almost identical to fibroblasts, many attempts have been made to address the similarities and differences between MSC and fibroblasts. In this study we aimed to isolate murine MSC from bone marrow (BM) and kidney to characterize them in comparison to fibroblasts...
October 31, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894270/evaluation-of-tolerability-with-the-co-formulation-elvitegravir-cobicistat-emtricitabine-and-tenofovir-disoproxil-fumarate-for-post-hiv-exposure-prophylaxis
#3
Nadia Valin, Laurent Fonquernie, Anne Daguenel, Pauline Campa, Theresita Anthony, Marguerite Guiguet, Pierre Marie Girard, Marie Caroline Meyohas
BACKGROUND: The preferred regimen for HIV post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) is based mainly on safety and tolerability because it is given to immunocompetent people without HIV infection for a limited time (28 days). The frequency of adverse events (AEs) may be > 60%. Although AEs are generally not severe, they can lead to lack of adherence and failure to complete the regimen. We evaluated the co-formulation elvitegravir, cobicistat, emtricitabine, and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (Stribild(®)) prescribed as one pill taken once daily for HIV PEP in terms of tolerability and adherence...
November 29, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879950/systematic-review-of-follow-up-compliance-after-endovascular-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repair
#4
Konstantinos Spanos, Christos Karathanos, Athanasios Athanasoulas, Vasileios Sapeltsis, Athanasios D Giannoukas
BACKGROUND: Lifelong surveillance after Endovascular Aortic Aneurysm repair (EVAR) is recommended to monitor the effectiveness and durability of the treatment. The aim of this study was to assess patients' compliance with the follow-up imaging protocol, the presence of any factors associated with compliance and the potential influence of imaging-protocol adherence on outcomes. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: MEDLINE, CENTRAL, and Cochrane databases and keys references were searched...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852110/similar-mediterranean-diet-adherence-but-greater-central-adiposity-is-observed-among-greek-diaspora-adolescents-living-in-istanbul-compared-to-athens
#5
Maria G Grammatikopoulou, Maria I Maraki, Despoina Giannopoulou, Dimitrios Poulimeneas, Labros S Sidossis, Maria Tsigga
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this case-control study was to compare Mediterranean diet (MD) adherence and anthropometry between Greek diaspora adolescents living in Istanbul and Greek adolescents, inhabitants of Athens. DESIGN: A total of 206 adolescents (103 from each site), aged 10.0-19.0 years old, all of Greek origin, were recruited from schools in Athens and minority schools in Istanbul, for the present case-control study. Participants at each site were age and sex-matched...
November 16, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820712/improved-resident-adherence-to-aaa-screening-guidelines-via-an-electronic-reminder
#6
David Sypert, Kenneth Van Dyke, Namrata Dhillon, John O Elliott, Kim Jordan
The 2014 United States Preventive Services Task Force systematic review found abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) screening decreased related mortality by close to half. Despite the simplicity of screening, research suggests poor adherence to the recommended AAA screening guidelines. Using the quality improvement plan-study-do-act cycle, we retrospectively established poor adherence to AAA screening and poor documentation of smoking history in our resident clinic. An electronic reminder was prospectively implemented into our electronic medical record (EMR) with the goal of improving screening rates...
November 4, 2016: Journal for Healthcare Quality: Official Publication of the National Association for Healthcare Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814677/a-single-center-observational-study-on-emergency-department-clinician-non-adherence-to-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-treatment-of-uncomplicated-urinary-tract-infections
#7
Catherine Zatorski, Mark Zocchi, Sara E Cosgrove, Cynthia Rand, Gillian Brooks, Larissa May
BACKGROUND: The Emergency Department (ED) is a frequent site of antibiotic use; poor adherence with evidence-based guidelines and broad-spectrum antibiotic overuse is common. Our objective was to determine rates and predictors of inappropriate antimicrobial use in patients with uncomplicated urinary tract infections (UTI) compared to the 2010 International Clinical Practice Guidelines (ICPG). METHODS: A single center, prospective, observational study of patients with uncomplicated UTI presenting to an urban ED between September 2012 and February 2014 that examined ED physician adherence to ICPG when treating uncomplicated UTIs...
November 4, 2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801499/six-month-therapy-for-abdominal-tuberculosis
#8
REVIEW
Sophie Jullien, Siddharth Jain, Hannah Ryan, Vineet Ahuja
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) of the gastrointestinal tract and any other organ within the abdominal cavity is abdominal TB, and most guidelines recommend the same six-month regimen used for pulmonary TB for people with this diagnosis. However, some physicians are concerned whether a six-month treatment regimen is long enough to prevent relapse of the disease, particularly in people with gastrointestinal TB, which may sometimes cause antituberculous drugs to be poorly absorbed. On the other hand, longer regimens are associated with poor adherence, which could increase relapse, contribute to drug resistance developing, and increase costs to patients and health providers...
November 1, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800590/implementation-of-the-world-health-organization-trauma-care-checklist-program-in-11-centers-across-multiple-economic-strata-effect-on-care-process-measures
#9
Angela Lashoher, Eric B Schneider, Catherine Juillard, Kent Stevens, Elizabeth Colantuoni, William R Berry, Christina Bloem, Witaya Chadbunchachai, Satish Dharap, Sydney M Dy, Gerald Dziekan, Russell L Gruen, Jaymie A Henry, Christina Huwer, Manjul Joshipura, Edward Kelley, Etienne Krug, Vineet Kumar, Patrick Kyamanywa, Alain Chichom Mefire, Marcos Musafir, Avery B Nathens, Edouard Ngendahayo, Thai Son Nguyen, Nobhojit Roy, Peter J Pronovost, Irum Qumar Khan, Junaid Abdul Razzak, Andrés M Rubiano, James A Turner, Mathew Varghese, Rimma Zakirova, Charles Mock
BACKGROUND: Trauma contributes more than ten percent of the global burden of disease. Initial assessment and resuscitation of trauma patients often requires rapid diagnosis and management of multiple concurrent complex conditions, and errors are common. We investigated whether implementing a trauma care checklist would improve care for injured patients in low-, middle-, and high-income countries. METHODS: From 2010 to 2012, the impact of the World Health Organization (WHO) Trauma Care Checklist program was assessed in 11 hospitals using a stepped wedge pre- and post-intervention comparison with randomly assigned intervention start dates...
October 31, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754173/sy-14-3-primary-aldosteronism-in-resistant-hypertension
#10
David Calhoun
: Resistant hypertension refers to patients with difficult-to-treat hypertension, generally defined as needing three or more medications of different classes, including, if tolerated, a diuretic. Observational studies indicate that the prevalence of resistant hypertension based on the preceding definition of needing 3 or medications for blood pressure (BP) control is approximately 15-20% of patients being treated for hypertension. However, causes of pseudoresistance are common, including poor BP technique, poor adherence, white coat effects, and under-treatment, all of which must be identified in order to distinguish apparent resistance from true treatment resistance...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688212/patient-adherence-and-experience-with-extended-use-of-prophylactic-low-molecular-weight-heparin-following-pancreas-and-liver-resection
#11
Madeline Lemke, Kaitlyn Beyfuss, Julie Hallet, Natalie G Coburn, Calvin H L Law, Paul J Karanicolas
BACKGROUND: Guidelines recommend 28 days venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis with low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) following major abdominal surgery for cancer. Overall adherence with these recommendations is poor, but little is known about feasibility and tolerability from a patient perspective. METHODS: An institution-wide policy for routine administration of 28 days of post-operative LMWH following major hepatic or pancreatic resection for cancer was implemented in April 2013...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677367/adherence-to-healthy-eating-index-2010-is-inversely-associated-with-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-features-among-iranian-adult-women
#12
S Saraf-Bank, F Haghighatdoost, A Esmaillzadeh, B Larijani, L Azadbakht
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Nowadays, metabolic syndrome (MetS) is deemed as a major public health challenge in both developed and developing countries. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the association between Healthy Eating Index-2010 (HEI-2010) score and MetS and its features among Iranian female nurses. SUBJECTS/METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed among 1036 Iranian women. A validated, self-administered, dish-based, semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire was used to assess the habitual intake of participants...
September 28, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672005/comparison-of-magnetic-microbubbles-and-dual-modified-microbubbles-targeted-to-p-selectin-for-imaging-of-acute-endothelial-inflammation-in-the-abdominal-aorta
#13
Weilan Wu, Xuguang Feng, Ye Yuan, Ying Liu, Meiyu Li, Jianguo Bin, Yunbin Xiao, Wangjun Liao, Yulin Liao, Wenzhu Zhang, Jianping Bin
PURPOSE: Ultrasound molecular imaging (UMI) has potential to evaluate an inflammatory profile of endothelium. However, it is less successful in large arteries. This study compared magnetic microbubbles (MBs) selectively targeted to endothelial P-selectin and dual-targeting MBs in vitro and in vivo. PROCEDURES: MBs were modified with P-selectin antibody (MBPM) or isotype control antibody (MBCM) via a magnetic streptavidin bridge, and MBs were conjugated to P-selectin antibody (MBP) or both P-selectin antibody and PAA-sialyl Lewis(x) (MBD) via regular streptavidin linker...
September 26, 2016: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667585/influence-of-mealtime-habits-on-the-risk-of-weight-gain-and-obesity-in-mexican-adults
#14
Libia Darina Dosamantes-Carrasco, Pablo Méndez-Hernández, Yvonne N Flores, Carole Siani, Edgar Denova-Gutiérrez, Katia Gallegos-Carrillo, Paula Ramírez, Berenice Rivera-Paredez, Eduardo Salazar-Martínez, Jorge Salmerón
OBJECTIVE: To prospectively examine the extent to which mealtime habits influences the risk of weight gain and obesity in Mexican adults. DESIGN: We performed a prospective cohort study. The Mealtime Habits Quality (MHQ) scale was used for assessing participants' MHQ; the outcomes of interest were gain ≥5 % of body weight, developing overweight/obesity and abdominal obesity, after 7 years of follow-up. In order to estimate the independent effect of MHQ on anthropometric indicators, generalized linear models were computed to obtain adjusted relative risks (95 % CI)...
September 26, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659947/earlobe-like-peritoneal-appendage-near-the-angle-of-his-a-useful-landmark-for-demarcating-the-lateral-margin-of-the-gastric-cardia
#15
Kanji Hirashima, Fengming Yue, Daihachiro Tomotsune, Katsunori Sasaki
The gastric cardia-the small area around the cardiac orifice including the abdominal esophagus-is an important target area for abdominal and thoracic surgeries, especially for laparoscopic procedures. In this study of 28 cadavers, a peritoneal earlobe-like appendage near the angle of His was identified as a useful indicator of the lateral margin of the abdominal esophagus, which is otherwise obscure because the peritoneum continues to the diaphragm without definite demarcation of this margin. This structure, which appears equivalent to the epiploic appendages, was commonly found to be present (in 22/28, 78...
September 22, 2016: Anatomical Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27652114/venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-in-patients-undergoing-abdominal-and-pelvic-cancer-surgery-adherence-and-compliance-to-accp-guidelines-in-dionys-registry
#16
Negib Geahchan, Melkart Basile, Maroon Tohmeh
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a major health care problem resulting in significant mortality, morbidity and increase in medical expenses. Patients with malignant diseases represent a high risk population for VTE. The American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) proposed, since 1986, prophylaxis guidelines that are unequally respected in surgical practice. METHODS: DIONYS is a multinational, longitudinal and non-interventional registry including patients having undergone abdominal or pelvic surgery for cancer in Latin America, Africa and the Middle East...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643128/sy-14-3-primary-aldosteronism-in-resistant-hypertension
#17
David Calhoun
: Resistant hypertension refers to patients with difficult-to-treat hypertension, generally defined as needing three or more medications of different classes, including, if tolerated, a diuretic. Observational studies indicate that the prevalence of resistant hypertension based on the preceding definition of needing 3 or medications for blood pressure (BP) control is approximately 15-20% of patients being treated for hypertension. However, causes of pseudoresistance are common, including poor BP technique, poor adherence, white coat effects, and under-treatment, all of which must be identified in order to distinguish apparent resistance from true treatment resistance...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642147/-complementary-exams-in-child-abuse-a-french-national-study-in-2015
#18
A Ledoyen, V Bresson, J-C Dubus, S Tardieu, P Petit, B Chabrol, E Bosdure
INTRODUCTION: Even if there are HAS (French National Health Authority) guidelines on shaken baby syndrome, many other child abuse situations are not included in these recommendations. The aim of this study was to invent the complementary exams in cases of child abuse in France and compare the practice to existing guidelines. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a multicenter study by email to 128 French hospitals (35 university hospitals and 93 general hospitals) that receives children in emergency and hospitalization settings...
October 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641951/spontaneous-parasitic-leiomyoma-in-a-post-partum-woman
#19
Mana Iida, Hiroshi Ishikawa, Makio Shozu
We report a case of spontaneous parasitic leiomyoma in a 30-year-old post-partum woman. A subserosal leiomyoma had been noted at the first trimester screening, and she had experienced persistent abdominal pain during her previous pregnancy. She was referred to hospital with severe abdominal pain at 7 months after delivery. We detected a homogenous solid tumor that resembled the subserosal leiomyoma but was completely detached from the uterus. On laparoscopy the vascularization of the tumor was supplied from the omentum, which was tightly adherent to the tumor...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604188/the-real-world-patient-experience-of-fingolimod-and-dimethyl-fumarate-for-multiple-sclerosis
#20
Paul Wicks, Lawrence Rasouliyan, Bo Katic, Beenish Nafees, Emuella Flood, Rahul Sasané
BACKGROUND: Oral disease-modifying therapies offer equivalent or superior efficacy and greater convenience versus injectable options. OBJECTIVES: To compare patient-reported experiences of fingolimod and dimethyl fumarate. METHODS: Adult relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis patients treated with fingolimod or dimethyl fumarate were recruited from an online patient community and completed an online survey about treatment side effects, discontinuation, and satisfaction...
2016: BMC Research Notes
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