keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Abdominal adherences

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437809/reactive-rather-than-proactive-diabetes-management-in-the-perioperative-period
#1
Inge Hommel, Petra J van Gurp, Alfons A den Broeder, Hub Wollersheim, Femke Atsma, Marlies E J L Hulscher, Cees J Tack
As perioperative hyperglycemia is associated with poor postoperative patient outcomes, clinical guidelines provide recommendations for optimal perioperative glucose control. It is unclear to what extent recommended glucose levels are met in daily practice, and little is known about factors that influence these levels. We describe blood glucose levels throughout the hospital care pathway in 375 non-critically ill patients with diabetes who underwent major surgery (abdominal, cardiac, or orthopedic) in 6 hospitals, examine determinants of these levels including adherence to 9 quality indicators for optimal perioperative diabetes care, and perform qualitative interviews to identify barriers for optimal care...
April 24, 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435232/self-reported-adherence-and-associated-factors-to-isoniazid-preventive-therapy-for-latent-tuberculosis-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids-at-health-centers-in-gondar-town-north-west-ethiopia
#2
Asnakew Achaw Ayele, Seyfe Asrade Atnafie, Demis Driba Balcha, Asegedech Tsegaw Weredekal, Birhanu Alemayehu Woldegiorgis, Mulgeta Melaku Wotte, Begashaw Melaku Gebresillasie
PURPOSE: This study aimed to assess self-reported adherence and associated factors to isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) for latent tuberculosis among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) at health centers in Gondar town, North West Ethiopia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: An institution-based prospective cross-sectional study was conducted from March 10 to June 11, 2016. A total of 154 eligible participants were included in the study, using the simple random sampling method, from the available four health centers and one teaching referral hospital that provided antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV/AIDS patients...
2017: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407234/mediterranean-diet-decreases-adolescent-waist-circumference
#3
Flora Bacopoulou, Georgios Landis, Anastasios Rentoumis, Artemis Tsitsika, Vasiliki Efthymiou
BACKGROUND: To explore the effects of a multicomponent-multilevel school-based educational intervention on the nutritional habits and abdominal obesity indices of a representative adolescent sample. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A representative sample of 1,610 adolescents aged 12-17 years in 23 public high schools of three municipalities in the Attica region in Greece, participated in a program funded by the European Union (August 2013-August 2014). Participants underwent dietary assessment with the use of the Mediterranean Diet Quality Index in children and adolescents (KIDMED), blood pressure assessment and screening for general and abdominal obesity by measuring body mass index, waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR), at baseline and following a six-month school-based intervention...
April 13, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403237/evidence-of-neurofibromatosis-type-1-in-a-multi-morbid-inca-child-mummy-a-paleoradiological-investigation-using-computed-tomography
#4
Stephanie Panzer, Holger Wittig, Stephanie Zesch, Wilfried Rosendahl, Sandra Blache, Magdalena Müller-Gerbl, Gerhard Hotz
OBJECTIVE: In this study, an Inca bundle was examined using computed tomography (CT). The primary aim was to determine the preservation status of bony and soft tissues, the sex, the age at the time of death, possible indicators for disease or even the cause of death, as well as the kind of mummification. A secondary aim was to obtain a brief overview of the wrapping in order to gain additional information on the cultural background. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The bundle belongs to the Museum of Cultures in Basel, Switzerland, and was bought in Munich, Germany, in 1921...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385135/an-outbreak-of-salmonellosis-associated-with-duck-prosciutto-at-a-northern-territory-restaurant
#5
Anthony Dk Draper, Claire N Morton, Joshua Ni Heath, Justin A Lim, Anninka I Schiek, Stephanie Davis, Vicki L Krause, Peter G Markey
In June 2015, an outbreak of salmonellosis occurred among people who had eaten at a restaurant in Darwin, Northern Territory over 2 consecutive nights. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of diners who ate at the restaurant on 19 and 20 June 2015. Diners were telephoned and a questionnaire recorded symptoms and menu items consumed. An outbreak case was defined as anyone with laboratory confirmed Salmonella Typhimurium PT9 (STm9) or a clinically compatible illness after eating at the restaurant. Environmental health officers inspected the premises and collected food samples...
March 31, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383471/clinical-practice-guideline-adherence-during-operation-inherent-resolve
#6
Timothy P Plackett, Darren C Cherry, Gerald Delk, Steven Satterly, Jared Theler, Derek McVay, Jacqueline Moore, Stacy A Shackelford
BACKGROUND: The Joint Trauma System (JTS) Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPGs) contributed to the decrease in battlefield morality over the past 15 years. However, it is unknown to what degree the guidelines are being followed in current military operations. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed of all patients treated at three separate US Army Role II facilities during the first ten months of Operation Inherent Resolve in Iraq. Charts were reviewed for patient demographics, clinical care, and outcomes...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333183/machine-learning-algorithms-for-objective-remission-and-clinical-outcomes-with-thiopurines
#7
Akbar K Waljee, Kay Sauder, Anand Patel, Sandeep Segar, Boang Liu, Yiwei Zhang, Ji Zhu, Ryan W Stidham, Ulysses Balis, Peter D R Higgins
Background and Aims: Big data analytics leverage patterns in data to harvest valuable information, but are rarely implemented in clinical care. Optimising thiopurine therapy for inflammatory bowel disease [IBD] has proved difficult. Current methods using 6-thioguanine nucleotide [6-TGN] metabolites have failed in randomized controlled trials [RCTs], and have not been used to predict objective remission [OR]. Our aims were to: 1) develop machine learning algorithms [MLA] using laboratory values and age to identify patients in objective remission on thiopurines; and 2) determine whether achieving algorithm-predicted objective remission resulted in fewer clinical events per year...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327172/effect-of-guizhifulingwan-keishibukuryogan-on-climacteric-syndrome-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#8
Jung-Eun Kim, Junghyo Cho, Ojin Kwon, Ae-Ran Kim, Hyo-Ju Park, So-Young Jung, Joo-Hee Kim, Mikyung Kim, Hye-Yoon Lee, Jun-Hwan Lee
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to explore the efficacy of Guizhifulingwan (GFW) in the treatment of climacteric syndrome in women. METHODS/DESIGN: This is a single-center, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel-group design pilot trial. Fifty participants with climacteric syndrome will be randomly allocated to the GFW or placebo group in a 1:1 ratio. The participants will be administered GFW or placebo granules three times a day for 4 weeks and will be followed up for a further 4 weeks...
March 21, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322421/ultrasound-screening-for-abdominal-aortic-aneurysms
#9
Stephan Engelberger, Raffaele Rosso, Manuela Sarti, Filippo Del Grande, Reto Canevascini, Jos C van den Berg, Giorgio Prouse, Luca Giovannacci
QUESTIONS UNDER STUDY: This pilot study aimed to assess the feasibility, acceptance and costs of an ultrasound scan screening programme for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) in the elderly male population resident in Canton Ticino, Switzerland. METHODS: The target population were male patients aged 65-80 years who attended the outpatient clinics of the Lugano Regional Hospital in 2013. The patients showing interest were contacted by phone to verify their eligibility and fix the appointment for the ultrasound scan of the abdominal aorta...
March 21, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320053/management-of-colorectal-trauma-a-review
#10
REVIEW
Ju Yong Cheong, Anil Keshava
Traumatic colorectal injuries are common during times of military conflict, and major improvements in their care have arisen in such periods. Since World War II, many classification systems for colorectal trauma have been proposed, including (i) Flint Grading System; (ii) Penetrating Abdominal Trauma Index; (iii) Colonic/Rectal Injury Scale; and (iv) destructive/non-destructive colonic injuries. The primary goal of these classifications was to aid surgical management and, more particularly, to determine whether a primary repair or faecal diversion should be performed...
March 20, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301033/polycyclic-aromatic-hydrocarbons-produced-by-electrocautery-smoke-and-the-use-of-personal-protective-equipment-1
#11
Caroline Vieira Claudio, Renata Perfeito Ribeiro, Júlia Trevisan Martins, Maria Helena Palucci Marziale, Maria Cristina Solci, José Carlos Dalmas
Objective: analyze the concentration of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in electrocautery smoke in operating rooms and the use of personal protective equipment by the intraoperative team when exposed to hydrocarbons. Method: exploratory and cross-sectional field research conducted in a surgery center. Gases were collected by a vacuum suction pump from a sample of 50 abdominal surgeries in which an electrocautery was used. A form was applied to identify the use of personal protective equipment...
March 2, 2017: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298537/obesity-mediates-the-association-between-mediterranean-diet-consumption-and-insulin-resistance-and-inflammation-in-us-adults
#12
Yong-Moon Park, Jiajia Zhang, Susan E Steck, Teresa T Fung, Linda J Hazlett, Kyungdo Han, Seung-Hyun Ko, Anwar T Merchant
Background: The inverse association between Mediterranean diet (Med-diet) consumption and insulin resistance or inflammatory markers is well known. However, the extent to which obesity may act directly on or mediate this association is unclear.Objective: We aimed to investigate whether the associations between Med-diet consumption and markers of insulin resistance and inflammation are mediated by body mass index (BMI) or waist circumference (WC) in a representative US population.Methods: We used cross-sectional data from 4700 adults aged 20-90 y without any previous diagnosis of cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, or hypertension based on the NHANES III, 1988-1994...
April 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271997/a-retrospective-study-of-clinical-profile-and-long-term-outcome-to-imatinib-mesylate-alone-in-childhood-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-in-chronic-phase
#13
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is relatively rare malignancy in childhood. There are limited studies of use of Imatinib Mesylate (IM) alone in management of CML in this age group. METHOD: We retrospectively analyzed the outcome of 30 consecutive children with CML chronic phase treated with IM alone. RESULTS: The median age at the time of diagnosis was 11 years with male preponderance. Asthenia and abdominal discomfort due to splenomegaly were the most common presenting features and splenomegaly a dominant sign...
January 2017: Gulf Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267992/clostridium-difficile-disease-diagnosis-pathogenesis-and-treatment-update
#14
REVIEW
Lena M Napolitano, Charles E Edmiston
Clostridium difficile infections are the leading cause of health care-associated infectious diarrhea, posing a significant risk for both medical and surgical patients. Because of the significant morbidity and mortality associated with C difficile infections, knowledge of the epidemiology of C difficile in combination with a high index of suspicion and susceptible patient populations (including surgical, postcolectomy, and inflammatory bowel disease patients) is warranted. C difficile infections present with a wide spectrum of disease, ranging from mild diarrhea to fulminant colitis or small bowel enteritis and recurrent C difficile infections...
March 3, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265530/discontinued-splenogonadal-fusion-and-bilateral-empty-scrotum-in-an-18-month-old-boy
#15
Ahmed Abokrecha, Ameera Almatrfi
Splenogonadal fusion is a rare benign congenital anomaly defined as the presence of splenic tissue adherent to gonads. It was first described in 1883 by Bostroem, a German pathologist. We present a case of an 18-month-old boy who was referred as a case of bilateral empty scrotum since birth. During routine laparoscopic exploration, right vas deferens and testicular vessels were entering the right internal inguinal ring so right inguinal exploration was done, which revealed blind ending vas deferens and testicular vessels and the left testis was found intra-abdominally near the left internal ring with a mass on its upper pole...
February 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257913/gallstone-related-abdominal-cystic-mass-presenting-6-years-after-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-case-report
#16
Rama Faour, Dana Sultan, Rand Houry, Mhamad Faour, Ahmad Ghazal
INTRODUCTION: Although gallbladder perforation and gallstones spillage are common complications during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), clinically significant complications resulting from stones left in the peritoneum are extremely uncommon. We report a rare case of spilled gallstones complication with a late and uncharacteristic presentation. PRESENTATION OF THE CASE: A 44-year-old Caucasian female presented with a complaint of a mass in the right upper quadrant associated with a cramping pain for the last 6 months...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251114/a-rare-case-of-primary-urachal-actinomycosis-mimicking-malignancy
#17
T Ayeesha Sithika, Hemalatha Ganapathy, A R Subashree
Primary actinomycosis occurring in urachal remnants is rarely documented in literature and may mislead the clinicians to diagnose urachal carcinoma. A 50-year-old man came with complaints of lower abdominal pain, dysuria, and dribbling of urine for 2 months. A vague mass of 7 cm was palpable in the suprapubic region. Imaging of the abdomen revealed an irregular mass seen superior to fundus of the urinary bladder appearing adherent to mesentery and bowel loops, suggesting an urachal remnant associated lesion with infiltration...
January 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243010/a-rare-case-of-acute-primary-omental-infarction
#18
Xiao-Wen Sun, Bin Luo, Hong-Wei Lin
Primary omental infarction (POI) is a rare cause of acute abdomen. Most patients have aggravating abdominal pain without gastrointestinal symptoms. Here, we report a case of omental infarction in a 50-year-old woman, who had left abdominal pain and intestinal obstruction. Preoperative computed tomography (CT) of the abdomen showed a left ovarian cyst measuring 6.0 cm × 4.5 cm but otherwise seemed normal initially. The white blood cell count was 9.71 × 10(9)/L, and D-dimer was 1.58 mg/L. Laparoscopic exploration was performed 1 day after admission because of peritonitis and intestinal obstruction...
January 2017: Journal of Emergencies, Trauma, and Shock
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224946/exercise-adherence-in-the-elderly-experience-with-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-simple-treatment-and-prevention
#19
Mary McElrath, Jonathan Myers, Khin Chan, Holly Fonda
Poor adherence to health-related behaviors can have serious health consequences. Cardiac rehabilitation has been documented to have physiological and psychosocial benefits; however, optimizing adherence to exercise in patients with cardiovascular disease is a particular challenge. We recently completed a large, 6-year randomized trial of exercise training in elderly patients with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) disease (50-85 years), which provided an opportunity to describe adherence strategies in this unique group of elderly individuals...
March 2017: Journal of Vascular Nursing: Official Publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205223/abdominal-adiposity-is-not-a-mediator-of-the-protective-effect-of-mediterranean-diet-on-colorectal-cancer
#20
Francesca Fasanelli, Daniela Zugna, Maria Teresa Giraudo, Vittorio Krogh, Sara Grioni, Salvatore Panico, Amalia Mattiello, Giovanna Masala, Saverio Caini, Rosario Tumino, Graziella Frasca, Veronica Sciannameo, Fulvio Ricceri, Carlotta Sacerdote
Adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) has a preventive effect on colorectal cancer (CRC). Several biological mechanisms have been hypothesized to explain this effect, but the involvement of clinical mediators has not been experimentally proven. We examined the role of abdominal adiposity (i.e., waist-to-hip ratio, WHR) as a potential mediator of the relationship between the MD and CRC in the Italian centres of the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition. We evaluated the effect of the Italian Mediterranean Index (IMI) on WHR and of WHR on CRC risk...
February 16, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
keyword
keyword
31992
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"