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Peritonitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145348/magnusiomyces-capitatus-peritonitis-in-a-child-with-acute-lymphocytic-leukemia-as-a-breakthrough-infection-during-caspofungin-therapy
#1
Ayşe Bariş, Haşim Gencer, Nazan Dalgiç, Güntülü Şik, Fatma Özakkaş, Elif Aktaş
Magnusiomyces capitatus is an emerging opportunistic fungal pathogen particularly in immunocompromised patients. We report a case of a M. capitatus peritonitis in child with acute lymphocytic leukemia as a breakthrough infection during caspofungin therapy. The possibility of breakthrough infections caused by M. capitatus must be taken into consideration, particularly in immunosupressed patients being treated for systemic fungal infections by caspofungin. Although there are no defined breakpoints for susceptibility testing of M...
December 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145325/perforated-appendicitis-after-colonoscopy-cause-or-coincidence-a-rare-case-report-and-literature-review
#2
Xiao-Cong Zhou, Chun-Wei Huang, Yan-Yan Dai, Zhi-Yang Huang, Zheng Lou
RATIONALE: Colonoscopy is a relatively safe and common procedure with low risks of complications, and acute appendicitis with perforation is an extremely rare complication of colonoscopy. The current study presents an unusual case of acute gangrenous appendicitis with perforation following a screening colonoscopy. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 73-year-old man presented to our emergency department with lower right abdominal pain 3 days after a routine screening colonoscopy...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145251/renal-osteodystrophy-presenting-as-a-metabolic-superscan-on-f-18-fdg-pet-ct-a-case-report
#3
Ismaheel Lawal, Alfred Ankrah, Kehinde Ololade, Moshe Modiselle, Mike Sathekge
RATIONALE: F-18 Fluoro Deoxyglucose positron emission tomography and computed tomography (F-18 FDG PET/CT) is a useful modality in the evaluation of patients with malignancies. Increased incidence of lympho-proliferative disorders has been reported in individuals with long-standing end-stage renal disorders treated with renal replacement therapy. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 30-year-old male on peritoneal dialysis on account of end-stage renal disease. He had acute rejection of an earlier transplanted renal allograft...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145213/depressed-immune-responses-and-accelerated-splenic-apoptosis-due-to-experience-of-food-deprivation-and-inequality-but-not-unstable-social-status-in-balb-c-mice
#4
Marjan Aghajani, Mohammad Reza Vaez Mahdavi, Mohsen Khalili Najafabadi, Tooba Ghazanfari, Fatemeh Moradi, Ravieh Golchoobian, Hasan Askari, Nima Sanadgol, Ehsan Kazemi Moghaddam
OBJECTIVE(S): We aimed to show that the immune system is sensitive to the detrimental effects of inequality and social injustice, and splenic vulnerability to apoptosis may also increase. METHODS: In order of better determination of immune responses to chronic social stress, we implemented food deprivation, food intake inequality, and unstable social status (a change of cage-mate every 3 days) for a period of 14 days in 60 male Balb/c mice. At the end of this stress period, nitric oxide (NO) production by peritoneal adherent cells and the serum concentration of corticosterone were measured...
November 17, 2017: Neuroimmunomodulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145203/evaluation-of-mental-disorders-using-proton-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-in-dialysis-and-predialysis-patients
#5
Chun-Yun Zhang, Ying Chen, Shan Chen, Xiang-Chuang Kong, Yuan Liu, Chao-Qun You, Cheng Wan, Philip A Bondzie, Hua Su, Chun Zhang, Fang-Fang He
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Psychological complications are prevalent in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). This study aimed to investigate mental disorders in stage 4-5 CKD patients, to detect metabolite concentrations in the brain by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) and to compare the effects of different dialysis therapies on mental disorders in end-stage renal disease (ESRD). METHODS: The sample population was made up of predialysis (13), hemodialysis (HD) (13), and peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients (12)...
November 21, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144988/di-2-ethylhexyl-phthalate-enhances-melanoma-tumor-growth-via-differential-effect-on-m1-and-m2-polarized-macrophages-in-mouse-model
#6
Jae-Wook Lee, Sojin Park, Hae-Kyoung Han, Myung Chan Gye, Eun-Yi Moon
Phthalates are widely used as plasticizers that influence sexual and reproductive development. Here, we investigated whether di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) affects macrophage polarization that are associated with tumor initiation and progression. No changes were observed in LPS- or ConA-stimulated in vitro spleen B or T cell proliferation for 48 h, respectively. In contrast, macrophage functions were inhibited in response to DEHP for 12 h as judged by LPS-induced H2O2 and NO production and zymosan A-mediated phagocytosis...
November 13, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143935/a-propensity-matched-comparison-of-hard-outcomes-in-children-on-chronic-dialysis
#7
Enrico Vidal, Nicholas C Chesnaye, Fabio Paglialonga, Bruno Minale, Giovanna Leozappa, Mario Giordano, Bruno Gianoglio, Ciro Corrado, Rosa Maria Roperto, Roberto Chimenz, Francesca Mencarelli, Ilse-Maria Ratsch, Luisa Murer, Enrico Verrina
Data concerning outcomes of children on hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) are scarce and frequently derived from single-center experiences. We sought to compare survival and transplantation rates in a large cohort of PD and HD patients. We extracted all patients initiating dialysis under 16 years of age between 2004 and 2013 from the Italian Registry of Pediatric Chronic Dialysis. Patients on PD were propensity-matched to those on HD based on gender, age, primary cause of ESRD, and the number of co-morbidities...
November 16, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143091/risk-of-catastrophic-health-expenditure-in-rwandan-surgical-patients-with-peritonitis
#8
J L Rickard, C Ngarambe, L Ndayizeye, B Smart, J P Majyambere, R Riviello
BACKGROUND: Surgical procedures are cost-effective compared with various medical and public health interventions. While peritonitis often requires surgery, little is known regarding the associated costs, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. The aim of this study was to determine in-hospital charges for patients with peritonitis and if patients are at risk of catastrophic health expenditure. METHODS: As part of a larger study examining the epidemiology and outcomes of patients with peritonitis at a referral hospital in Rwanda, patients undergoing operation for peritonitis were enrolled and hospital charges were examined...
November 15, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143090/pattern-of-lower-intestinal-ostomies-in-a-low-income-country-case-of-southeast-of-niger-republic
#9
Harissou Adamou, Oumarou Habou, Ibrahim Amadou Magagi, Ousseini Adakal, Amadou Magagi, Maazou Halidou, Rachid Sani
BACKGROUND: Intestinal ostomies are common surgical procedures performed in visceral surgery as part of management for several gastrointestinal diseases. This study aims to report the socio-demographic characteristics, indications and prognosis of intestinal ostomies in low-income country. METHODS: This was a 4-year retrospective study (January 2013 to December 2016) at Zinder National Hospital (Niger). All patients with a digestive ostomy on an ileum or colic segment were included in the study...
November 15, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142991/a-patient-navigation-system-to-minimize-barriers-for-peritoneal-dialysis-in-rural-low-resource-settings-case-study-from-guatemala
#10
David C Flood, Anita N Chary, Kirsten Austad, Pablo Garcia, Peter J Rohloff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142964/impact-of-the-end-stage-renal-disease-prospective-payment-system-on-the-use-of-peritoneal-dialysis
#11
Qian Zhang, Mae Thamer, Onkar Kshirsagar, Yi Zhang
Introduction: The End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) Prospective Payment System (PPS), implemented by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services in January 2011, encouraged use of peritoneal dialysis (PD) through various financial incentives. Our goal was to determine whether PPS effectively increased PD use in incident dialysis patients. Methods: Our study used the United States Renal Data System (USRDS) to identify 430,927 adult patients who initiated dialysis between 2009 and 2012...
May 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142938/epidemiological-transition-of-end-stage-kidney-disease-in-oman
#12
Faisal Al Ismaili, Issa Al Salmi, Yaqoub Al Maimani, Abdul Massiah Metry, Humood Al Marhoobi, Alan Hola, Ronald L Pisoni
Introduction: The number of persons receiving renal replacement therapy (RRT) is estimated at more than 2.5 million worldwide, and is growing by 8% annually. Registries in the developing world are not up to standards compared to the United States Renal Data System (USRDS). Herein we examine the causes, progression, and magnitude of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) over 3 decades in Oman. Methods: We examined ESKD data from 1983 to 2013. Data from 1998 to 2013 were obtained through an Information Management System...
January 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142936/tackling-the-fallout-from-chronic-kidney-disease-of-unknown-etiology-why-we-need-to-focus-on-providing-peritoneal-dialysis-in-rural-low-resource-settings
#13
EDITORIAL
Nishanthe Nanayakkara, A W M Wazil, Lishanthe Gunerathne, Sewmini Dickowita, Robert Rope, Charaka Ratnayake, Anjali Saxena, Shuchi Anand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142891/assessment-of-severity-of-malnutrition-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-via-malnutrition-inflammatory-score
#14
Afsoon Emami Naeeni, Nazila Poostiyan, Zahra Teimouri, Mojgan Mortazavi, Mojgan Soghrati, Elnaz Poostiyan, Zamzam Paknahad
Background: Regarding to the complications of malnutrition in dialysis patients, using an easy and reliable method for evaluating of malnutrition is important in patients with the end-stage renal disease. Based on the effect of inflammatory factors in malnutrition, A new scale has been designed which is called malnutrition-inflammatory scale (MIS). We designed current study to assess the severity of malnutrition in peritoneal dialysis patients in Isfahan via MIS. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional MIS was used for evaluation of malnutrition...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142474/clinical-features-of-alcoholic-hepatitis-in-latinos-and-caucasians-a-single-center-experience
#15
Rogelio Pinon-Gutierrez, Blythe Durbin-Johnson, Charles H Halsted, Valentina Medici
AIM: To study differences of presentation, management, and prognosis of alcoholic hepatitis in Latinos compared to Caucasians. METHODS: We retrospectively screened 876 charts of Caucasian and Latino patients who were evaluated at University of California Davis Medical Center between 1/1/2002-12/31/2014 with the diagnosis of alcoholic liver disease. We identified and collected data on 137 Caucasians and 64 Latinos who met criteria for alcoholic hepatitis, including chronic history of heavy alcohol use, at least one episode of jaundice with bilirubin ≥ 3...
October 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142465/efficacy-of-vinorelbine-combined-with-low-dose-methotrexate-for-treatment-of-inoperable-desmoid-tumor-and-prognostic-factor-analysis
#16
Shu Li, Zhengfu Fan, Zhiwei Fang, Jiayong Liu, Chujie Bai, Ruifeng Xue, Lu Zhang, Tian Gao
Objective: To assess the efficacy of conservative chemotherapy for inoperable desmoid tumor (DT) and analyze the prognostic factors. Methods: From November 2008 to April 2016, 71 patients of inoperable DT were treated with vinorelbine and low-dose methotrexate in the Department of Bone and Soft Tissue Tumors, Peking University Cancer Hospital & Institute, and enrolled in this retrospective study. The chemotherapy duration is one year. The efficacy of chemotherapy and the prognosis were observed...
October 2017: Chinese Journal of Cancer Research, Chung-kuo Yen Cheng Yen Chiu
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142271/structural-and-functional-differences-in-gut-microbiome-composition-in-patients-undergoing-haemodialysis-or-peritoneal-dialysis
#17
Vanessa Stadlbauer, Angela Horvath, Werner Ribitsch, Bianca Schmerböck, Gernot Schilcher, Sandra Lemesch, Philipp Stiegler, Alexander R Rosenkranz, Peter Fickert, Bettina Leber
Complications of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) are critically related to inflammation. The gut microbiome is a key driver of inflammation. Since dialysis modalities may differently influence the gut microbiome, we aimed to compare the effects of haemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) on patients' gut microbiome composition and function. We therefore studied faecal microbiome composition and function as well as inflammation and gut permeability in 30 patients with ESRD (15 HD, 15 PD) and compared to 21 healthy controls...
November 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142184/efficacy-of-cell-free-and-concentrated-ascites-reinfusion-therapy-for-palliative-care-in-a-patient-with-malignant-pleural-mesothelioma-a-case-report
#18
Kakeru Hisakane, Hironobu Ohmatsu, Shigeki Umemura, Keisuke Kirita, Shingo Matsumoto, Kiyotaka Yoh, Seiji Niho, Koichi Goto
Cell-free and concentrated ascites reinfusion therapy (CART) is recognized as a useful treatment to improve the symptoms caused by refractory ascites. Recently, a few clinical studies have reported the effects of CART for malignant ascites, especially in gynecological and gastrointestinal cancers. We report the case of malignant ascites in a patient with malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) whose symptoms were relieved by CART. A 59-year-old Japanese male with MPM who had undergone pleural decortication had pleural and peritoneal recurrence...
2017: Journal of Nippon Medical School, Nippon Ika Daigaku Zasshi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141991/human-sex-hormone-binding-globulin-does-not-provide-metabolic-protection-against-dysglycemia-in-mice
#19
Yael Sofer, Nava Nevo, Michal Vechoropulus, Gabi Shefer, Esther Osher, Nathan Landis, Geoffrey L Hammond, Naftali Stern
BACKGROUND: Sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) is the main transporter of sex hormones in most vertebrates. Low SHBG levels have been linked to increased propensity for diabetes and metabolic syndrome. Polymorphisms of the SHBG gene linked to low SHBG protein levels, also strongly predicted increased risk of type 2 diabetes, thus raising the possibility that SHBG may play a role in the in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance and diabetes. AIM: To examine whether expression of human SHBG in mice may ameliorate the development of diabetes and metabolic syndrome in response to a high fat diet...
November 15, 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141914/proteotranscriptomics-reveal-signaling-networks-in-the-ovarian-cancer-microenvironment
#20
Thomas Worzfeld, Florian Finkernagel, Silke Reinartz, Anne Konzer, Till Adhikary, Andrea Nist, Thorsten Stiewe, Uwe Wagner, Mario Looso, Johannes Graumann, Rolf Müller
Ovarian cancer is characterized by early transcoelomic metastatic spread via the peritoneal fluid, where tumor cell spheroids (TU), tumor-associated T cells (TAT), and macrophages (TAM) create a unique microenvironment promoting cancer progression, chemoresistance and immuno-suppression. However, the underlying signaling mechanisms remain largely obscure.  To chart these signaling networks, we performed comprehensive proteomic and transcriptomic analyses of TU, TAT and TAM from ascites of ovarian cancer patients...
November 15, 2017: Molecular & Cellular Proteomics: MCP
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