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kerosene poisoning

M N Hasan, S R Sutradhar, S M Ahmed, I H Chowdhury
Kerosene belongs to the hydrocarbon group of compounds, used as a fuel for lamps, as well as heating and cooking in developing countries. Accidental kerosene poisoning and intoxication usually occur by inhalation or by occupational percutaneous absorption. Adults usually ingest kerosene for the purpose of self-harm, and children may ingest accidentally. Suicidal attempt using intravenous kerosene is an extra ordinary and very rare occurrence. A very few data are available regarding effects of intravenous administration of kerosene and its management...
July 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
B O Edelu, O I Odetunde, C B Eke, N A Uwaezuoke, T Oguonu
BACKGROUND: Accidental childhood poisoning is one of the recognized causes of morbidity and mortality in children under the age of 5 years worldwide. The prevalence and type of substance ingested vary from place to place and over time. AIM: This study was conducted with the aim of ascertaining the frequency and pattern of accidental childhood poisoning in Enugu. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted at the Emergency Paediatric Unit of the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, South-East, Nigeria from January 2003 to December 2012 (10 years)...
May 2016: Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research
Rahul Bhamkar, Bageshree Seth, Maninder Singh Setia
OBJECTIVE: To study the profile and various risk factors associated with unintentional injuries in children. METHODS: The study is a cross sectional analysis of data collected from 351 children presenting with unintentional injury to a tertiary care hospital in Navi Mumbai, India. Data were collected about variables based on Haddon Phase Factor Matrix - host, environment and agent factors. Proportions for categorical variables across various groups were compared using Chi square test or Fisher's exact test...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Kate H Balme, Heather Zar, Donne K Swift, Michael D Mann
CONTEXT: Hydrocarbons, especially kerosene (paraffin), are the most common agents causing childhood poisoning in low and middle income countries (LMICs). Aspiration of kerosene causes an inflammatory sterile chemical pneumonitis, which may increase susceptibility to secondary lower respiratory tract bacterial infection. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of prophylactic antibiotics in the management of kerosene-associated pneumonitis in children and to identify risk factors associated with severity or outcome...
2015: Clinical Toxicology
Eman A Abahussain, Douglas E Ball
UNLABELLED: Past studies of pediatric poisoning in Kuwait have suggested differences at hospital level which could impact on the implementation of public health interventions. The objective was to compare pediatric poisoning admissions at general hospitals in Kuwait. METHODS: Retrospective survey of all pediatric poisoning cases at the six general hospitals from January 2004 to December 2005. Case data were documented using ICD-10 criteria and the poisoning severity score...
January 2010: Pharmacy Practice
Raed Alazab
OBJECTIVES: To identify the incidence rate and determinants of acute poisoning among children (1-60 months old) of employed mothers. METHOD: A study was conducted at the poisoning unit of a university hospital. The studied children were from both rural and urban areas, were a mix of boys and girls, did not suffer from any mental disabilities, were aged between 1 month old to 60 months old, and were of Egyptian nationality. Data was collected by using a clinical examination form and a questionnaire...
June 2014: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Pradhum Ram, Tanuj Kanchan, B Unnikrishnan
Acute poisoning in children is a problem ubiquitous in distribution and is an important paediatric emergency. The present research was aimed to study the pattern and outcome of childhood poisoning under the age of 15 years at a tertiary care centre in South India to characterize the problem of acute paediatric poisoning among the children in different age group in the region. Medical records of all poisoning patients admitted during 2010 and 2011 were reviewed, and the information relating to the sociodemographic and clinical profile of the patients was recorded...
July 2014: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
Shyam Chand Chaudhary, Kamal Kumar Sawlani, B E Yathish, Ambukeshwar Singh, Suresh Kumar, Anit Parihar
Kerosene poisoning is a common poisoning in India especially in childhood, and clinical spectrum can range from meager chemical pneumonitis to grave complications such as hypoxia, pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum, and emphysema. Pyopneumothorax that may require aggressive management in the form of thoracotomy has not been reported in literature. We hereby report a 22-year young female who had developed series of respiratory complications including pyopneumothorax following ingestion of kerosene with suicidal intent and was treated successfully...
January 2014: Toxicology International
S R Thapa, P Lama, N Karki, S B Khadka
Objective: This study was conducted to determine the pattern and severity of poisoning cases in Emergency Department of Kathmandu Medical College Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal (KMCTH). Design: Retrospective observational study. Materials and methods: Hospital records of all admissions to the Emergency Department of Kathmandu Medical College Teaching Hospital (KMCTH) following acute poisoning were revised and all data from February 2007 to February 2008 were analyzed retrospectively. Results: This retrospective observational study was performed on 148 cases of poisoning who attended Emergency Department of KMCTH over a period of one year...
April 2008: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
Sushmitha Jayaprasad, Vijayashankar Metikurke
Kerosene is refined oil belonging to the hydrocarbon group of compounds, available for domestic use in developing countries. Poisoning is due to inhalation, ingestion. Kerosene. We report a rare case of attempted suicide by means of intravenous injection of kerosene. It has a devastating effect and it is important to initiate active and immediate surgical intervention. Psychotherapy should also be an integral part of the management.
January 2013: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
U D Chhetri, I Ansari, S Shrestha
BACKGROUND: Kerosene, drugs, pesticides are chemicals used in home and farms. But because of parents' or caretakers' negligence, accidents and poisoning in children may take life of a child. OBJECTIVE: To study the common causes and outcome of pediatric accident and poisoning cases admitted in Patan Hospital. METHOD: A prospective (2068-69) and retrospective (2066-67) studies of pediatric accident and poisoning cases admitted in Patan Hospital (2066-chaitra 2069) were done...
July 2012: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
I S Al Hifzi, P Kumar, W Talol
UNLABELLED: BACKGROUND #ENTITYSTARTX00026; METHOD: Acute poisoning in children is still a major problem in our community, taking up a lot of resources from the health care system. We report here the result of' a three year study (1991-1994) carried out in the Northwest Armed Forces Hospital, Tabuk, Saudi Arabia regarding hospitalisation of children as a result of poisoning. RESULTS: Sixty eight children below twelve years of age were admitted, accounting for a total of approximately 175 inpatient days...
July 1995: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
Vidya Brata Ghosh, Urmila Jhamb, Ritika Singhal, Rajeshwari Krishnan
Clinical profile of children presenting with poisoning to the Pediatric emergency department of a tertiary care hospital in Delhi from 8.1.2009 to 8.10.09 was studied prospectively. Fifty two cases of accidental poisoning were reported during this period which formed 1.05 % of all pediatric admissions (5094 admissions). No case of homicidal poisoning was reported. There were 80.7 % children between 1-5 y of age with male preponderance. PICA was observed in 57.7 % children. Overall mortality was 7.7 % and 11...
June 2013: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Nicholas L Lam, Kirk R Smith, Alison Gauthier, Michael N Bates
Kerosene has been an important household fuel since the mid-19th century. In developed countries its use has greatly declined because of electrification. However, in developing countries, kerosene use for cooking and lighting remains widespread. This review focuses on household kerosene uses, mainly in developing countries, their associated emissions, and their hazards. Kerosene is often advocated as a cleaner alternative to solid fuels, biomass and coal, for cooking, and kerosene lamps are frequently used when electricity is unavailable...
2012: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part B, Critical Reviews
Syed Kashif Abbas, Shiyam Sundar Tikmani, Nida Tariq Siddiqui
OBJECTIVE: To assess the pattern of acute poisoning in children at Liaquat National Hospital, Karachi. METHODS: The one-year descriptive study was conducted in the Paediatric Emergency Unit of the Liaquat National Hospital, Karachi, from April 1, 2006 to March 31, 2007, involving all patients under 12 years of age who visited the unit with a history of accidental exposure to toxic substances. Demographic data and all other relevant information were obtained mainly by retrieving hospital records and the admission register...
April 2012: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Kate Helene Balme, J Clare Roberts, Marion Glasstone, Linda Curling, Michael D Mann
CONTEXT: Information on childhood poisoning in the developing world, including South Africa, is scarce, despite its contribution to morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: We describe the profile of children with exposures and poisonings presenting to Red Cross War Memorial Children's Hospital (RCWMCH) in Cape Town, South Africa, from 2003 to 2008 and compare the trends of causative agents over the past two decades. METHODS: Cases were identified by review of the RCWMCH case records...
March 2012: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
Amila Rathnapala, Thushara Matthias, Saroj Jayasinghe
INTRODUCTION: Kerosene is a freely accessible hydrocarbon used in Sri Lankan (and other Asian) households for cooking and for lighting lamps. Kerosene poisoning is rarely reported among adults and its toxicological effects are not well known. Metformin is a commonly used oral hypoglycemic drug and its overdose leads primarily to lactic acidosis. Combined poisoning of metformin and kerosene and their interactions have not been reported. CASE PRESENTATION: An 18-year-old, previously healthy, unmarried Sinhalese woman was referred following ingestion of 17...
2012: Journal of Medical Case Reports
Bilal Ahmed, Zafar Fatmi, Amna R Siddiqui
BACKGROUND: The percentage of unintentional childhood poisoning cases in a given population attributable to specific risk factors (i.e., the population attributable risk) which can be calculated; determination of such risk factors associated with potentially modifiable risk factors, are necessary to focus on the prevention strategies. METHODS: We calculated PARs, using 120 cases with unintentional poisoning and 360 controls in a hospital based matched case- control study...
2011: PloS One
F R Chowdhury, A U Rahman, F R Mohammed, A Chowdhury, H A M N Ahasan, M A Bakar
This retrospective study was carried out in the Medicine Department of Khulna Medical College, the biggest tertiary hospital in the southern part of Bangladesh to observe the trends of poisoning in southern part of Bangladesh over four years including age and sex variation, mode of poisoning, type of poison used and outcome of poisoning. The hospital medical records of all patients, aged 10 years and above with history of acute poisoning from January, 2003 to December, 2006 were enrolled. Patients were categorized into four age group including Group (Gr...
August 2011: Bangladesh Medical Research Council Bulletin
C Venkatesh, P Sriram, B Adhisivam, S Mahadevan
Accidental aspiration of kerosene is a common problem among children in developing countries. This descriptive study involved the retrospective analysis of children admitted with kerosene aspiration in a tertiary care hospital in South India for a year. Kerosene aspiration contributed to 60.4% of poisoning cases. Boys aged less than three years and from a rural background formed a significant proportion. Tachypnoea, cough and crepitations were the predominant clinical findings. Male gender and malnutrition (weight for age <80%) were significantly associated with prolonged hospital stay...
July 2011: Tropical Doctor
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