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Jet ventilation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755094/-giant-intrathoracic-goiter-requiring-emergency-airway-management-report-of-a-case
#1
Marina Shiikawa, Kazuki Hayasaka, Kei Yarimizu, Katsuyuki Suzuki, Makoto Endo, Naoki Yanagawa, Satoshi Shiono
An 81-year-old woman with acute respiratory distress was referred to our hospital. Computed tomography showed a large mass in the upper mediastinum with severe tracheal stenosis. Endotracheal intubation was performed under the preparation of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation and high-frequency jet ventilation, and the tumor was completely removed. The pathologic diagnosis was a goiter. Post-operatively, respiratory distress disappeared. No tumor recurrences have been noted for more than 2 years after surgery...
May 2018: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724584/stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-for-heart-base-tumors-in-six-dogs
#2
L M Magestro, T L Gieger, M W Nolan
INTRODUCTION: Heart-base tumors are increasingly treated with radiotherapy, yet safety and efficacy are incompletely understood. This case series describes outcomes after stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for presumed chemodectoma. ANIMALS: Six pet dogs. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed, including dogs with a clinical diagnosis of chemodectoma and treatment with three-fraction SBRT (30 Gy total). RESULTS: Heart-base tumors, presumed or confirmed to be chemodectomas, were diagnosed via histopathology or imaging...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Cardiology: the Official Journal of the European Society of Veterinary Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643638/anesthetic-management-of-excision-of-laryngocele-role-of-transtracheal-jet-ventilation
#3
S Parthasarathy, Kusha Nag, T Sivashanmugham, P Karthikeyan, M Ravishankar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623556/anesthesia-for-interventional-pulmonology-procedures-a-review-of-advanced-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-bronchoscopy
#4
Andres de Lima, Fayez Kheir, Adnan Majid, John Pawlowski
PURPOSE: Interventional pulmonology is a growing subspecialty of pulmonary medicine with flexible and rigid bronchoscopies increasingly used by interventional pulmonologists for advanced diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. This review discusses different technical aspects of anesthesia for interventional pulmonary procedures with an emphasis placed on pharmacologic combinations, airway management, ventilation techniques, and common complications. SOURCE: Relevant medical literature was identified by searching the PubMed and Google Scholar databases for publications on different anesthesia topics applicable to interventional pulmonary procedures...
April 5, 2018: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581760/a-new-and-safe-mode-of-ventilation-for-interventional-pulmonary-medicine-the-ease-of-nasal-superimposed-high-frequency-jet-ventilation
#5
Wolfgang Hohenforst-Schmidt, Paul Zarogoulidis, Haidong Huang, Yan-Gao Man, Stella Laskou, Charilaos Koulouris, Dimitris Giannakidis, Stylianos Mantalobas, Maria C Florou, Aikaterini Amaniti, Michael Steinheimer, Anil Sinha, Lutz Freitag, J Francis Turner, Robert Browning, Thomas Vogl, Andrei Roman, Naim Benhassen, Isaak Kesisoglou, Konstantinos Sapalidis
We use pulmonary interventional procedures for the diagnosis of pulmonary diseases either for benign or malignant lesions. Flexible bronchoscopy with or without radial endobronchial ultrasound, convex-probe endobronchial ultrasound and electromagnetic navigation are procedures performed in centers with experience in diagnostic pulmonary medicine. The method of sedation and ventilation is very important in order to avoid or handle with success complications. Proper respiration during pulmonary (or other interventional) procedures is a key factor...
2018: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558222/high-frequency-jet-ventilation-in-preterm-infants-experience-from-western-australia
#6
Ajay P Anvekar, Piyush S Shah, Elizabeth A Nathan, Dorota A Doherty, Sanjay K Patole, Karen N Simmer
OBJECTIVE: To assess if high frequency jet ventilation (HFJV) is associated with reduced odds of death or discharge home on oxygen in preterm infants. METHODS: A case control study (1 February 2010 - 1 June 2014) comparing the primary outcome as "death or discharge home on oxygen" in preterm infants who needed HFJV (Cases) versus those who did not (Controls). Controls were matched to cases (1:1) on gestation, birthweight, gender, place of birth, growth status, antenatal glucocorticoids, and dexamethasone as treatment for severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD)...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516243/high-frequency-jet-ventilation-during-cryoablation-of-small-renal-tumours
#7
Thea Buchan, Miles Walkden, Kathryn Jenkins, Pervez Sultan, Steve Bandula
AIM: To evaluate the effect of high-frequency jet ventilation (HFJV) in place of standard intermittent positive-pressure ventilation (IPPV) on procedure duration, patient radiation dose, complication rates, and outcomes during CT-guided cryoablation of small renal tumours. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred consecutive CT-guided cryoablation procedures to treat small renal tumours under general anaesthesia were evaluated-50 with standard IPPV and 50 after the introduction of HFJV as standard practice...
March 7, 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491528/reply-to-grocott-hp-regarding-their-comment-on-jet-insufflator-for-cannot-intubate-cannot-ventilate-situation-an-indian-jugaad
#8
Ketan Sakharam Kulkarni, Nandini Malay Dave, Priyanka Pradip Karnik, Madhu Garasia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491527/jet-insufflation-options-for-the-cannot-intubate-cannot-ventilate-situation
#9
Hilary P Grocott
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374637/emergency-percutaneous-transtracheal-jet-ventilation-in-a-hypoxic-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-setting-a-life-saving-rescue-technique
#10
Phi-Vu Dong, Leontien Ter Horst, Ralf Krage
(Un)anticipated difficult airway remains a challenge in anaesthesia. Percutaneous transtracheal jet ventilation has been shown to be an adequate technique for temporary oxygenation and ventilation and has been described as an acknowledged method in emergency settings of an unanticipated difficult airway. These emergency settings can be considered as low incidence high-risk situations. Both technical and non-technical skills should be trained regularly as education and simulation continues to play an important factor in patient safety...
January 26, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373164/high-frequency-jet-ventilation-during-endolaryngeal-surgery-risk-factors-for-complications
#11
Demet Altun, Emre Çamcı, Mukadder Orhan-Sungur, Nükhet Sivrikoz, Bora Başaran, Tülay Özkan-Seyhan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324051/anti-il-8-antibody-potentiates-the-effect-of-exogenous-surfactant-in-respiratory-failure-caused-by-meconium-aspiration
#12
Pavol Mikolka, Jana Kopincova, Petra Kosutova, Maros Kolomaznik, Andrea Calkovska, Daniela Mokra
AIM: Meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) is life-threatening respiratory failure of newborns which can be treated by exogenous surfactant. In response to meconium, increased levels of chemokine IL-8 (CXCL8) stimulate massive neutrophil infiltration of the lungs. Local accumulation and activation of neutrophils, on-going inflammation, lung edema, and oxidative damage contribute to inactivation of endogenous and therapeutically given surfactants. Therefore, we have hypothesized that addition of monoclonal anti-IL-8 antibody into exogenous surfactant can mitigate the neutrophil-induced local injury and the secondary surfactant inactivation and may finally result in improvement of respiratory functions...
February 2018: Experimental Lung Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318460/nebulization-of-antimicrobial-agents-in-mechanically-ventilated-adults-in-2017-an-international-cross-sectional-survey
#13
Joana Alves, Emine Alp, Despoina Koulenti, Zhongheng Zhang, Stephan Ehrmann, Stijn Blot, Matteo Bassetti, Andrew Conway-Morris, Rosa Reina, Enrique Teran, Candela Sole-Lleonart, Maria Ruiz-Rodríguez, Jordi Rello
2017 ESCMID practice guidelines reported safety concerns and weak evidence of benefit supporting use of aerosolized antibiotics in mechanically ventilated patients. Our primary goal was to assess current patterns of aerosolized antibiotic prescription in mechanically ventilated patients. A sequential global survey was performed prior to the release of the ESCMID guidelines, from the 1st of February to the 30th of April 2017, using an electronic platform. Responses were analyzed comparing geographical regions...
April 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317750/exhaled-air-dispersion-during-bag-mask-ventilation-and-sputum-suctioning-implications-for-infection-control
#14
Matthew T V Chan, Benny K Chow, Thomas Lo, Fanny W Ko, Susanna S Ng, Tony Gin, David S Hui
Mask ventilation and coughing during oro-tracheal suctioning produce aerosols that enhance nosocomial transmission of respiratory infections. We examined the extent of exhaled air dispersion from a human-patient-simulator during mask ventilation by different groups of healthcare workers and coughing bouts. The simulator was programmed to mimic varying severity of lung injury. Exhaled airflow was marked with tiny smoke particles, and highlighted by laser light-sheet. We determined the normalized exhaled air concentration in the leakage jet plume from the light scattered by smoke particles...
January 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315465/ventilation-strategy-and-anesthesia-management-in-patients-with-severe-tracheal-stenosis-undergoing-urgent-tracheal-stenting
#15
J-H Zhu, M Lei, E-G Chen, Q Qiao, T-D Zhong
BACKGROUND: Stenting of airway stenosis is a common procedure in specialized centers. The aim of this study was to summarize our clinical experience in ventilation strategy and anesthesia management of patients undergoing urgent tracheal stenting. METHODS: Clinical data of 22 patients with severe tracheal stenosis who underwent urgent endoscopic placement of a tracheal stent during a 2-year period were retrospectively reviewed. The efficacy and safety of different ventilation strategies and veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), individualized based on the cause and location of tracheal narrowing, were evaluated...
May 2018: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307442/augmentation-surgery-on-the-cartilaginous-portion-of-the-vocal-fold-in-a-patient-with-cricoarytenoid-joint-ankylosis
#16
Mioko Fukahori, Shun-Ichi Chitose, Kiminori Sato, Hiroyuki Kamimura, Kiminobu Sato, Ririko On, Hirohito Umeno
Surgical management of cricoarytenoid joint (CAJ) ankylosis is challenging and has the risk of worsening voice quality. In the present case, augmentation surgery was performed on the cartilaginous portion of the vocal fold in a patient with CAJ ankylosis. A 24-year-old man sustained blunt trauma to the anterior neck three years prior to developing severe breathiness. Posterior glottal insufficiency resulting from lateral fixation of the right vocal fold was observed during phonation under laryngoscopy. In addition, electromyography and CT scan revealed severe ankylosis of the right CAJ...
January 4, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288493/jet-ventilation-in-obese-patients-undergoing-airway-surgery-for-subglottic-and-tracheal-stenosis
#17
Ramez Philips, Brad deSilva, Laura Matrka
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To assess the feasibility of jet ventilation in obese patients and to compare complications of jet ventilation in obese and nonobese patients. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of medical records. METHODS: We reviewed 46 patient charts (70 procedures) with the diagnosis of tracheal or subglottic stenosis who underwent endoscopic surgery with jet ventilation between March 2014 and January 2017. Adequacy of jet ventilation was assessed by chest rise, avoidance of endotracheal intubation, and length of case and ventilation...
December 30, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277689/aerosol-delivery-during-spontaneous-breathing-with-different-types-of-nebulizers-in-vitro-ex-vivo-models-evaluation
#18
Hui-Ling Lin, Tien-Pei Fang, Hui-Sun Cho, Gwo-Hwa Wan, Meng-Jer Hsieh, James B Fink
BACKGROUND: Nebulizers for spontaneous breathing have been evaluated through different study designs. There are limitations in simulated bench models related to patient and nebulizer factors. The aim of this study was to determine the correlation of inhaled drug mass between in vitro and ex vivo studies by testing aerosol deposition of various types of nebulizers. METHODS: Ten healthy subjects were recruited to receive aerosol therapy with five nebulizers in random order: 1) a jet nebulizer (JN); 2) a breath-enhanced nebulizer (BEN); 3) a manually triggered nebulizer (MTN), 4) a breath-actuated nebulizer (BAN), and 5) a vibrating mesh nebulizer (VMN) with valved-adapter...
February 2018: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238695/high-frequency-jet-ventilation-during-transoral-laser-microsurgery-for-tis-t2-laryngeal-cancer
#19
Francesco Mora, Francesco Missale, Fabiola Incandela, Marta Filauro, Giampiero Parrinello, Alberto Paderno, Palmiro Della Casa, Cesare Piazza, Giorgio Peretti
Background: Transoral laser microsurgery (TLM) for early to intermediate laryngeal squamous cell cancer (SCC) can be technically challenging when adequate exposure of the posterior laryngeal compartment is required due to the presence of the orotracheal tube. The goal of our study was to analyze the efficacy of high frequency jet ventilation (HFJV) in achieving appropriate laryngeal exposure and safe oncologic resection of lesions located in such a position. Methods: We reviewed the clinical records of 62 patients affected by Tis-T2 SCC of the posterior laryngeal compartment treated by TLM between 02/2012 and 12/2016...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221295/contralateral-thoracoscopic-lobectomy-in-postlobectomy-patients
#20
Manabu Yasuda, Ryoichi Nakanishi, Shinji Shinohara, Masataka Mori, Syuhei Ashikari, Tsunehiro Oyama, Takeshi Hanagiri
Background: It is difficult to perform thoracoscopic lobectomy in patients with a history of contralateral lobectomy, as stable oxygenation is not always maintained under conditions of one-lung ventilation during surgery. Methods: This study evaluated 14 patients who underwent thoracoscopic lobectomy after previously undergoing contralateral lobectomy at a single institution between 2008 and 2015. Results: Among 14 patients who had previously received contralateral lobectomy, 4 were unable to maintain sufficient perioperative oxygenation with usual one-lung ventilation...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
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