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Gjp van Breukelen, M de Bruin
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August 20, 2015: HIV Medicine
Sonu Shamdasani
On the basis of unpublished materials, this essay reconstructs Jung's seances with his cousin, Helene Preiswerk, which formed the basis of his 1902 medical dissertation, The Psychology and Pathology of so-called Occult Phenomena. It separates out Jung's contemporaneous approach to the mediumistic phenomena she exhibited from his subsequent sceptical psychological reworking of the case. It traces the reception of the work and its significance for his own self-experimentation from 1913 onwards. Finally, it reconstructs the manner in which Jung continually returned to his first model and reframed it as an exemplar of his developing theories...
September 2015: History of Psychiatry
Mark T Young, Lorna Steel, Stephen L Brusatte, Davide Foffa, Yves Lepage
Machimosaurus was a large-bodied durophagous/chelonivorous genus of teleosaurid crocodylomorph that lived in shallow marine and brackish ecosystems during the Late Jurassic. Among teleosaurids, Machimosaurus and its sister taxon 'Steneosaurus' obtusidens are characterized by having foreshortened rostra, proportionally enlarged supratemporal fenestrae and blunt teeth with numerous apicobasal ridges and a shorter anastomosed ridged pattern in the apical region. A recent study on 'S.' obtusidens dentition found both true denticles and false serrations (enamel ridges which contact the carinae)...
November 2014: Royal Society Open Science
W S Manjula, Faizal Tajir, R V Murali, S Kishore Kumar, Mohammed Nizam
AIM: The purpose of this study was to investigate, the condyle-fossa relationship, in clinically asymptomatic orthodontically untreated south Indian female volunteers, by cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population consisted of 13 clinically symptom-free and orthodontically untreated angle's Class I female subjects with the mean age of 18 years (ranges from 17 years to 20 years). The normal disc position of the 13 subjects was confirmed by history, clinical examination and magnetic resonance imaging scan...
April 2015: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
Wan-Zhe Feng, Gary Shiu, Pablo Soler, Fang Ye
We propose a framework in which visible matter interacts with matter from a hidden sector through mass mixings of Stückelberg U(1) gauge fields. In contrast to other Z(') mediation scenarios, our setup has the added appealing features that (i) the choice of Z(')'s can be significantly broadened without necessarily introducing unwanted exotic matter and (ii) there can be sizable tree-level interactions between the visible and hidden sectors. String theory embeddings of this scenario and their phenomenological features are briefly discussed...
August 8, 2014: Physical Review Letters
Ken-Ichi Izutsu, Hiroko Shibata, Hiroyuki Yoshida, Yukihiro Goda
The relationship between the miscibility of formulation ingredients and their crystallization during the freezing segment of the lyophilization process was studied. The thermal properties of frozen solutions containing myo-inositol and cosolutes were obtained by performing heating scans from -70 °C before and after heat treatment at -20 °C to -5 °C. Addition of dextran 40,000 reduced and prevented crystallization of myo-inositol. In the first scan, some frozen solutions containing an inositol-rich mixture with dextran showed single broad transitions (Tg's: transition temperatures of maximally freeze-concentrated solutes) that indicated incomplete mixing of the concentrated amorphous solutes...
July 2014: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Dean Giustini, Maged N Kamel Boulos
BACKGROUND: Google Scholar (GS) has been noted for its ability to search broadly for important references in the literature. Gehanno et al. recently examined GS in their study: 'Is Google scholar enough to be used alone for systematic reviews?' In this paper, we revisit this important question, and some of Gehanno et al.'s other findings in evaluating the academic search engine. METHODS: The authors searched for a recent systematic review (SR) of comparable size to run search tests similar to those in Gehanno et al...
2013: Online Journal of Public Health Informatics
Syed Saeed-ul-Hassan, Muhammad Khalil-ur-Rehman, Uzma Niaz, Muhammad Asif Saeed, Khalid Hussain, Saeed Ahmed Rao, Irshad Ahmed
Euphorbia pilulifera is commonly found weed along road sides and loamy soils. This weed is commonly used as treatment of female disorders and respiratory problems. The latex of this weed causes irritation on hand on contact. To evaluate its irritant potentials, the dermatological investigation of irritant principles from locally occurring Euphorbia pilulifera was carried out. For this purpose, after collection and drying, a series of solvents with increasing polarity were used for the successive extraction of non-polar compounds (petroleum ether extract), constituents of intermediate polarities (chloroform extract) and polar constituents (methanol extract) from the whole herb of Euphorbia pilulifera...
January 2013: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Stella Manta, Vanessa Parmenopoulou, Christos Kiritsis, Athina Dimopoulou, Nikolaos Kollatos, Ioannis Papasotiriou, Jan Balzarini, Dimitri Komiotis
This article describes the synthesis of (3 'S) and (3 'R)-3 '-amino-3 '-deoxy pyranonucleosides and their precursors (3 'S) and (3 'R)-3 '-azido-3 '-deoxy pyranonucleosides. Azidation of 1,2:5,6-di-O-isopropylidene-3-O-toluenesulfonyl-α-D-allofuranose followed by hydrolysis and subsequent acetylation afforded 3-azido-3-deoxy-1,2,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-D-glucopyranose, which upon coupling with the proper silylated bases, deacetylation, and catalytic hydrogenation, obtained the target 3 '-amino-3 '-deoxy-β-D-glucopyranonucleosides...
2012: Nucleosides, Nucleotides & Nucleic Acids
Gurkan Genc, Ozan Ozkaya, Canan Aygun, Yarkin Kamil Yakupoglu, Hulya Nalcacioglu
OBJECTIVES: Infectious diseases, even vaccine preventable ones, might affect transplanting and the life course in pediatric solid-organ recipients. Owing to immunosuppression and decreased antibody production, susceptibility to infections is increased in these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was designed to assess the vaccination and antibody status of the pediatric renal transplant patients. Fifty-one patients who were admitted to the regional transplant center for renal transplant were retrospectively evaluated...
August 2012: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Francesca Gherardi, Laura Aquiloni, Elena Tricarico
Since the 1970s, the ability of some invertebrate species to recognize individual conspecifics has attracted increased scientific interest. However, there is still confusion in the literature, possibly due to the lack of unambiguous criteria for classifying social recognition in its different forms. Here, we synthesize the results of studies on invertebrates and provide a framework with the purpose of identifying research needs and directions for future investigations. Following in part Sherman et al.'s (Behavioural ecology: an evolutionary approach...
September 2012: Animal Cognition
Vicente M Reyes
Three-dimensional objects can be represented using cartesian, spherical or cylindrical coordinate systems, among many others. Currently all protein 3D structures in the PDB are in cartesian coordinates. We wanted to explore the possibility that protein 3D structures, especially the globular type (spheroproteins), when represented in spherical coordinates might find useful novel applications. A Fortran program was written to transform protein 3D structure files in cartesian coordinates (x,y,z) to spherical coordinates (ρ, ϕ, θ), with the centroid of the protein molecule as origin...
September 2011: Interdisciplinary Sciences, Computational Life Sciences
Dong-Ho Shin, Kyung Woo Park, Bon-Kwon Koo, Il-Young Oh, Jae-Bin Seo, Hyeon-Cheol Gwon, Myung-Ho Jeong, In-Whan Seong, Seung Woon Rha, Ju-Young Yang, Seung-Jung Park, Jung Han Yoon, Kyoo-Rok Han, Jong-Sun Park, Seung-Ho Hur, Seung-Jea Tahk, Hyo-Soo Kim
This study compared two-stent strategies for treatment of bifurcation lesions by stenting order, 'main across side first (A-family)' vs 'side branch first (S-family). The study population was patients from 16 centers in Korea who underwent drug eluting stent implantation with two-stent strategy (A-family:109, S-family:140 patients). The endpoints were cardiac death, myocardial infarction (MI), stent thrombosis (ST), and target lesion revascularization (TLR) during 3 years. During 440.8 person-years (median 20...
August 2011: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Y Noat, T Cren, V Dubost, S Lange, F Debontridder, P Toulemonde, J Marcus, A Sulpice, W Sacks, D Roditchev
We present the synthesis and the tunneling spectroscopy study of superconducting FeSe(0.5)Te(0.5) (T(c) = 14 K), SmFeAsO(0.85) (T(c) = 54 K) and SmFeAsO(0.9)F(0.1) (T(c) = 45 K). The samples were characterized by Rietveld refinement of x-ray diffraction patterns and transport as well as temperature-dependent magnetic measurements. Tunneling experiments on FeSe(0.5)Te(0.5) revealed a single superconducting gap ∼ 1 meV in BCS-like tunneling conductance spectra. In SmFeAsO(0.85) and SmFeAsO(0.9)F(0.1), however, more complex spectra were observed, characterized by two gap-like structures at ∼ 4 and ∼ 10 meV...
November 24, 2010: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
Ingunn Ms Engebretsen, Karen M Moland, Jolly Nankunda, Charles A Karamagi, Thorkild Tylleskär, James K Tumwine
BACKGROUND: In resource-poor settings, HIV positive mothers are recommended to choose between 'Exclusive breastfeeding' (EBF) or 'Exclusive replacement feeding' (ERF). Acceptability, Feasibility, Affordability, Sustainability and Safety (AFASS) has been the World Health Organization (WHO)'s a priori criteria for ERF the last ten years. 'AFASS' has become a mere acronym among many workers in the field of prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV, PMTCT. Thereby, non-breastfeeding has been suggested irrespective of social norms...
2010: International Breastfeeding Journal
Jean-Michel Quinodoz
Translations of Freud 's writings have had a lasting influence on psychoanalytic thinking in France. They have, all the same, given rise to some conceptual distortions as regards the ego and the id, the ideal ego and the ego ideal, and splitting. Lacan's 'return to Freud ' certainly reawakened interest in Freud 's writings; however, by focusing mainly on Freud 's early work, Lacan's personal reading played down the importance of the texts Freud wrote after his metapsychological papers of 1915. The fact that there is no French edition of Freud 's complete works makes it difficult for French psychoanalysts to put them in a proper context with respect to his developments as a whole...
August 2010: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
Ashok Kumar Jena, Satinder Pal Singh, Ashok Kumar Utreja
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that sagittal mandibular development has no effects on the dimensions of the awake pharyngeal airway passage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-one subjects (age 15-25 years) with a normal vertical growth pattern of the mandible, normally positioned maxilla, and various sagittal mandibular developments were divided into three groups based on the sagittal mandibular development. Group I included 37 subjects who had a normally positioned mandible (76 degrees < or = angle between 'S,' 'N,' and 'B'; it represents the antero-posterior position of the maxilla in relation to the anterior cranial base [SNB] < or = 82 degrees ), Group II included 31 subjects in whom the mandible was retrognathic (SNB < 76 degrees ), and Group III included 23 subjects in whom the mandible was prognathic (SNB > 82 degrees ) in relation to the anterior cranial base...
November 2010: Angle Orthodontist
Yang Song, Garry R Buettner
The quinone/semiquinone/hydroquinone triad (Q/SQ(*-)/H(2)Q) represents a class of compounds that has great importance in a wide range of biological processes. The half-cell reduction potentials of these redox couples in aqueous solutions at neutral pH, E degrees ', provide a window to understanding the thermodynamic and kinetic characteristics of this triad and their associated chemistry and biochemistry in vivo. Substituents on the quinone ring can significantly influence the electron density "on the ring" and thus modify E degrees' dramatically...
September 15, 2010: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Katsunori Imai, Masayuki Murai, Yin Hao, Yuki Chiba, Ayano Chiba, Ryuji Ishikawa
Ur1 enhances secondary rachis-branching, resulting in more spikelets per panicle. This genic effect can increase grain yield by enlarging sink size. We conducted mapping of Ur1 using SSR markers, and detected markers usable for the MAS (marker-assisted selection) for Ur1. Three Ur1 isogenic lines of recurrent parents Taichung 65, 'Shiokari' and 'Nishihikari'('T(U)', 'S(U)' and 'N(U)', respectively) were used. SSR-marker analysis indicated that each isogenic line had a non-substituted region containing Ur1 on chromosome 6 which was inherited from its donor parent...
December 2009: Hereditas
Michael T Mock, Matthew T Kieber-Emmons, Codrina V Popescu, Patrick Gasda, Glenn P A Yap, Charles G Riordan
A series of cyanide-bridged binuclear complexes, ('S(3)')Ni-CN-M[Tp(tBu)] ('S(3)' = bis(2-mercaptophenyl)sulfide, Tp(tBu) = hydrotris(3-tert-butylpyrazolyl)borate, M = Fe (2-Fe), Co (2-Co), Ni (2-Ni), Zn (2-Zn)) was prepared by the coupling of K[('S(3)')Ni(CN)] with [Tp(tBu)]MX. The isostructural series of complexes was structurally and spectroscopically characterized. A similar coupling strategy was used to synthesize the anionic copper(I) analogue, Et4N{('S3')Ni-CN-Cu[Tp(tBu)]}, 2-Cu.An alternative synthesis was devised for the preparation of the linkages isomers of 2-Zn, i...
September 15, 2009: Inorganica Chimica Acta
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