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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915535/isoquercetin-ameliorated-hypoxia-reoxygenation-induced-h9c2-cardiomyocyte-apoptosis-via-a-mitochondrial-dependent-pathway
#1
Heng Cao, Hao Xu, Guoqing Zhu, Shaowen Liu
Isoquercetin exerts multiple pharmacological effects against various diseases. The present research sought to further investigate the role of isoquercetin in hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R)-treated cardiomyocytes and its potential mechanism involved. The H/R model in H9C2 cells was established to mimic myocardial I/R injury in vitro. Cell proliferation and apoptosis were tested using MTT assay and Annexin V FITC-PI staining assay, respectively. We found that isoquercetin protected H9C2 cells from H/R-induced injury as the evidences that isoquercetin administration attenuated the effects of H/R treatment on H9C2 cell viability, cell apoptosis and ROS generation after H/R treatment...
September 11, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914755/thioredoxin-2-offers-protection-against-mitochondrial-oxidative-stress-in-h9c2-cells-and-against-myocardial-hypertrophy-induced-by-hyperglycemia
#2
Hong Li, Changqing Xu, Quanfeng Li, Xiuxiang Gao, Erkio Sugano, Hiroshi Tomita, Liming Yang, Sa Shi
Mitochondrial oxidative stress is thought to be a key contributor towards the development of diabetic cardiomyopathy. Thioredoxin 2 (Trx2) is a mitochondrial antioxidant that, along with Trx reductase 2 (TrxR2) and peroxiredoxin 3 (Prx3), scavenges H₂O₂ and offers protection against oxidative stress. Our previous study showed that TrxR inhibitors resulted in Trx2 oxidation and increased ROS emission from mitochondria. In the present study, we observed that TrxR inhibition also impaired the contractile function of isolated heart...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911177/deoxycorticosterone-salt-mediated-cardiac-inflammation-and-fibrosis-are-dependent-on-functional-clock-signaling-in-male-mice
#3
Elizabeth K Fletcher, James Morgan, David R Kennaway, Laura A Bienvenu, Amanda J Rickard, Lea M D Delbridge, Peter J Fuller, Colin D Clyne, Morag J Young
Activation of the mineralocorticoid receptor (MR) promotes inflammation, fibrosis, and hypertension. Clinical and experimental studies show that MR antagonists have significant therapeutic benefit for all-cause heart failure; however, blockade of renal MRs limits their widespread use. Identification of key downstream signaling mechanisms for the MR in the cardiovascular system may enable development of targeted MR antagonists with selectivity for pathological MR signaling and lower impact on physiological renal electrolyte handling...
September 1, 2017: Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905500/salidroside-suppressing-lps-induced-myocardial-injury-by-inhibiting-ros-mediated-pi3k-akt-mtor-pathway-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#4
Lvyi Chen, Peng Liu, Xin Feng, Chunhua Ma
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of salidroside (Sal) on myocardial injury in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced endotoxemic in vitro and in vivo. SD rats were randomly divided into five groups: control group, LPS group (15 mg/kg), LPS plus dexamethasone (2 mg/kg), LPS plus Sal groups with different Sal doses (20, 40 mg/kg). Hemodynamic measurement and haematoxylin and eosin staining were performed. Serum levels of creatine kinase (CK), lactate dehydrogenase, the activities of the antioxidant enzymes catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-px), glutathione, tumour necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) were measured after the rats were killed...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904868/high-density-lipoprotein-protects-cardiomyocytes-from-oxidative-stress-via-the-pi3k-mtor-signaling-pathway
#5
Manabu Nagao, Ryuji Toh, Yasuhiro Irino, Hideto Nakajima, Toshihiko Oshita, Shigeyasu Tsuda, Tetsuya Hara, Masakazu Shinohara, Tatsuro Ishida, Ken-Ichi Hirata
Low levels of plasma high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol are associated with an increased risk of heart failure, regardless of the presence or absence of coronary artery disease. However, the direct effects of HDL on failing myocardium have not been fully elucidated. We found that HDL treatment resulted in improved cell viability in H9c2 cardiomyocytes under oxidative stress. This cardioprotective effect of HDL was regulated via the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway...
September 2017: FEBS Open Bio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901511/n%C3%A2-acetylcysteine-induces-apoptosis-via-the-mitochondria%C3%A2-dependent-pathway-but-not-via-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-in-h9c2-cells
#6
Yuyong Liu, Ke Liu, Nian Wang, Huali Zhang
N‑acetylcysteine (NAC), a precursor of glutathione, is a widely used thiol‑containing antioxidant and modulator of the intracellular redox state. Our previous study demonstrated that excess reduced glutathione (GSH) from NAC treatment paradoxically led to a reduction in glutathione redox potential, increased mitochondrial oxidation and caused cytotoxicity at lower reactive oxygen species levels in H9c2 cells. However, no detailed data are available on the molecular mechanisms of NAC‑induced cytotoxicity on H9c2 cells...
September 8, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901505/sirt1-confers-protection-against-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-cardiomyocytes-via-regulation-of-uncoupling-protein-2-expression
#7
Min Deng, Daxin Wang, Shenghu He, Rixin Xu, Yong Xie
The development of a novel targeted therapy for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) remains a major hurdle in the treatment of cardiovascular disease. Previous studies indicate that mitochondrial uncoupling protein 2 (UCP‑2) is involved in the progression of AMI. The present study uses lentivirus knockdown of Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) in H9c2 cells under hypoxia conditions, and revealed that levels of SIRT1 are accompanied by the expression of UCP‑2. Therefore, it was hypothesized that SIRT1 might be important in the development of myocardial infarction...
September 11, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901411/palmitate-induces-myocardial-lipotoxic-injury-via-the-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress%C3%A2-mediated-apoptosis-pathway
#8
Lu Zou, Xiaoyan Li, Nan Wu, Pengyu Jia, Chunting Liu, Dalin Jia
Increased free fatty acids in cardiomyocytes induce myocardial lipotoxic injury, but the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to explore the role of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress‑mediated apoptosis pathway in palmitate (PA)‑induced cardiomyocyte lipotoxicity. H9c2 cells were treated with various doses (100, 200 and 400 µM) of PA to mimic cardiomyocyte lipotoxicity in vitro. Oil Red O staining was used to determine the accumulation of intracellular lipids...
August 31, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899492/tilianin-pretreatment-prevents-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-via-preservation-of-mitochondrial-function-in-rat-heart
#9
Yong Yuan, Wenjiang Cao, Ye Hong, Xinhong Guo, Yanfang Wang, Yangyang Wang, Xinchun Wang, Ping Hu
BACKGROUND: Tilianin has been demonstrated to exert protective effects on the heart against ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury, yet whether it is beneficial to the mitochondria during myocardial I/R is unclear. METHODS: In this study, we demonstrated that pretreatment with Tilianin dose-dependently raised the levels of ATP of the myocardium, and protected the microstructures and functions of mitochondria in rats. Furthermore, the cytoprotective effect of Tilianin has been confirmed in vivo and in the H9c2 cardiomyoblast cell line with enhancing activities of the mitochondria, controlling the levels of Ca(2+) and reactive oxygen species (ROS), and inhibiting the expression of caspase-3 and AIF in cytoplasm...
October 15, 2017: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895057/triterpenoid-saponins-from-clinopodium-chinense-benth-o-kuntze-and-their-biological-activity
#10
Yin-Di Zhu, Jing-Yi Hong, Feng-Da Bao, Na Xing, Ling-Tian Wang, Zhong-Hao Sun, Yun Luo, Hai Jiang, Xu-Dong Xu, Nai-Liang Zhu, Hai-Feng Wu, Gui-Bo Sun, Jun-Shan Yang
Four new ursane-type triterpenoid saponins, clinopoursaponins A-D (1-4), six new oleanane-type triterpenoid saponins, clinopodiside VII-XII (5-10), as well as eight known triterpene analogues (11-18), were isolated from the aerial parts of Clinopodium chinense (Benth.) O. Kuntze. The structures of the new compounds were determined based on extensive spectral analyses, including 1D ((1)H and (13)C) and 2D NMR experiments (COSY, NOESY, HSQC, 2D TOCSY, HSQC-TOCSY and HMBC), HR-ESI-MS and chemical methods. Compounds 1-18 were evaluated for their protective effects against anoxia/reoxygenation-induced apoptosis in H9c2 cells and cytotoxicities against murine mammary carcinoma cell line 4T1...
September 11, 2017: Archives of Pharmacal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890369/selenium-incorporated-guar-gum-nanoparticles-safeguards-mitochondrial-bioenergetics-during-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-in-h9c2-cardiac-cells
#11
R S Soumya, Prathapan Ayyappan, P Salin Raj, V P Vineetha, K G Raghu
The application of nanotechnology has created high impact in diagnosis and prognosis of various disorders including cardiovascular diseases. In the present study, we investigated the beneficial effect of selenium incorporated guar gum nanoparticles (SGG) compared to nascent selenium (Se) and guar gum nanoparticle (GGN) against ischemia-reperfusion induced alterations in oxidative phosphorylation and energy metabolism in H9c2 cardiac cells. Ischemia and reperfusion were induced for 1h. The alterations in activities of various complexes (complex 1, II, III and IV) of mitochondrial electron transport chain (ETC), aconitase activity, oxygen consumption rate, and the ATP content were seen...
September 7, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889965/losartan-counteracts-the-effects-of-cardiomyocyte-swelling-on-glucose-uptake-and-insulin-receptor-substrate-1-levels
#12
Yamil Gerena, Janice Griselle Lozada, Bryan Jael Collazo, Jarold Méndez-Álvarez, Jennifer Méndez-Estrada, Walmor C De Mello
A growing body of evidence demonstrates an association between Angiotensin II (Ang II) receptor blockers (ARBs) and enhanced glucose metabolism during ischemic heart disease. Despite these encouraging results, the mechanisms responsible for these effects during ischemia remain poorly understood. In this study we investigated the influence of losartan, an AT1 receptor blocker, and secreted Ang II (sAng II) on glucose uptake and insulin receptor substrate (IRS-1) levels during cardiomyocyte swelling. H9c2 cells were differentiated to cardiac muscle and the levels of myogenin, Myosin Light Chain (MLC), and membrane AT1 receptors were measured using flow cytometry...
September 7, 2017: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889243/a-high-throughput-qcm-chip-configuration-for-the-study-of-living-cells-and-cell-drug-interactions
#13
Haibo Shen, Tiean Zhou, Jiajin Hu
In this study, we present a novel design of interference-free, negligible installation-induced stress, suitable for the fabrication of high-throughput quartz crystal microbalance (HQCM) chips. This novel HQCM chip configuration was fabricated using eight independent yet same-batch quartz crystal resonators within a common glass substrate with eight through-holes of diameter slightly larger than that of the quartz resonator. Each quartz resonator's rim was adhered to the inner part of the through-hole via silicone glue to form the rigid (quartz)-soft (silicone)-rigid (glass) structure (RSRS) which effectively eliminates the acoustic couplings among different resonators and largely alleviates the installation-induced stresses...
September 9, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885685/gut-microbiota-derived-endotoxin-enhanced-the-incidence-of-cardia-bifida-during-cardiogenesis
#14
Jing Zhang, Guang Wang, Jia Liu, Lin-Rui Gao, Meng Liu, Chao-Jie Wang, Manli Chuai, Yongping Bao, Ge Li, Rui-Man Li, Yu Zhang, Xuesong Yang
Background Cytotoxicity and inflammation-associated toxic responses could be induced by bacterial lipopolysaccharides (LPS) in vitro and in vivo respectively. However, the mechanism involved in LPS-induced cardiac malformation in prenatal fetus is still unknown. Methods and results In this study, we demonstrated that LPS was induced in gut microbiota imbalance mice, and next, LPS exposure during gastrulation in the chick embryo increased the incidence of cardia bifida. Gene transfection and tissue transplantation trajectory indicated that LPS exposure restricted the cell migration of cardiac progenitors to primary heart field in gastrula chick embryos...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884082/effects-of-pomegranate-seed-oil-on-oxidant-antioxidant-balance-in-heart-and-kidney-homogenates-and-mitochondria-of-diabetic-rats-and-high-glucose-treated-h9c2-cell-line
#15
Hamid Mollazadeh, Mohammad Taher Boroushaki, Mohammad Soukhtanloo, Amir Reza Afshari, Mohammad Mahdi Vahedi
OBJECTIVE: Oxidative stress is a major cause of diabetes complications. The present study aimed to investigate the beneficial effects of Pomegranate Seed Oil (PSO) on diabetes-induced changes in oxidant/antioxidant balance of the kidney, heart and mitochondria from rats and H9c2 cell line. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In these in vivo and in vitro studies, male rats were divided into four groups (twelve each): group 1 served as control, group 2-4 received a single dose of streptozotocin (60 mg/kg, i...
July 2017: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878808/luteolin-quercetin-genistein-and-quercetagetin-inhibit-the-effects-of-lipopolysaccharide-obtained-from-porphyromonas-gingivalis-in-h9c2-cardiomyoblasts
#16
Gloria Gutiérrez-Venegas, Alfredo Torras-Ceballos, Juan Arturo Gómez-Mora, Berenice Fernández-Rojas
BACKGROUND: One of the microorganisms from dental plaque associated with severe inflammatory responses in infectious endocarditis is Porphyromonas gingivalis. It is a Gram-negative bacteria harvested from chronic periodontitis patients. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) obtained from P. gingivalis promotes the expressions of interleukin-1 (IL-1), IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α). Flavonoids are thought to participate in processes that control inflammation, such as the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2)...
2017: Cellular & Molecular Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874462/%C3%AE-arrestin2-improves-post-myocardial-infarction-heart-failure-via-sarco-endo-plasmic-reticulum-ca-2-atpase-dependent-positive-inotropy-in-cardiomyocytes
#17
Katie A McCrink, Jennifer Maning, Angela Vu, Malika Jafferjee, Christine Marrero, Ava Brill, Ashley Bathgate-Siryk, Samalia Dabul, Walter J Koch, Anastasios Lymperopoulos
Heart failure is the leading cause of death in the Western world, and new and innovative treatments are needed. The GPCR (G protein-coupled receptor) adapter proteins βarr (β-arrestin)-1 and βarr-2 are functionally distinct in the heart. βarr1 is cardiotoxic, decreasing contractility by opposing β1AR (adrenergic receptor) signaling and promoting apoptosis/inflammation post-myocardial infarction (MI). Conversely, βarr2 inhibits apoptosis/inflammation post-MI but its effects on cardiac function are not well understood...
September 5, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872081/-effect-of-shexiang-baoxin-pills-on-isoprenaline-induced-myocardial-cell-hypertrophy-and-cx43-expression
#18
Fen Tang, Zhentao Jiang, Wenting Tan, Junrong Long, Shengquan Liu, Chun Chu
To observe the effects of Shexiang Baoxin Pill (SBP) on isoprenaline (Iso)-induced changes in myocardial cell volume, shape, and connexin 43 (Cx43) expression.
 Methods: H9C2 myocardial cells were randomly divided into a control group, a Iso group and a Iso+SBP group. After 72 h of culture, the average surface area of H9C2 cells was measured under phase contrast microscope. Bicinchoninic acid (BCA) protein assay was carried out to determine the concentration of proteins. The survival rate of myocardial cells was measured by methylthiazolyldiphenyl-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, and the Cx43 expression was detected by Western blot...
August 28, 2017: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871076/knockdown-of-microrna-122-protects-h9c2-cardiomyocytes-from-hypoxia-induced-apoptosis-and-promotes-autophagy
#19
Zaiwei Zhang, Hu Li, Shasha Chen, Ying Li, Zhiyuan Cui, Jie Ma
BACKGROUND Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a severe disease causing heart failure and sudden death. Studies indicate that microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in the pathophysiology of AMI. In the present study, we carefully explored the effects of miR-122 on myocardial hypoxia injury and its possible underlying mechanism. MATERIAL AND METHODS miR-122 expression was analyzed in H9c2 cardiomyocytes after being transfected with miR-122 mimic, ASO-miR-122, or negative control. Cell viability and apoptosis were investigated by CCK-8 assays and flow cytometry analysis, respectively...
September 5, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869869/syk-protects-cardiocytes-against-anoxia-and-hypoglycemia-induced-injury-in-ischemic-heart-failure
#20
Guotian Yin, Xiuli Yang, Qiong Li, Zhikun Guo
Spleen tyrosine kinase (SYK), a non-receptor protein tyrosine kinase, is reported to be related to cell survival after A/H (anoxia/hypoglycemia) insult. However, the role of SYK in cardiocyte survival under A/H injury remains unclear. In this study, we aimed to gain insight into the role and molecular mechanism of SYK in cardiocytes exposed to A/H stress. The mRNA and protein expressions of SYK in H9c2 cardiocytes exposed to A/H injury, separately detected by real-time quantitative PCR and Western blot, were both robustly up-regulated...
September 1, 2017: Molecular Immunology
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