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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342983/assessing-the-perceptions-and-practice-of-self-medication-among-bangladeshi-undergraduate-pharmacy-students
#1
Md Omar Reza Seam, Rita Bhatta, Bijoy Laxmi Saha, Abhijit Das, Md Monir Hossain, S M Naim Uddin, Palash Karmakar, M Shahabuddin Kabir Choudhuri, Mohammad Mafruhi Sattar
Objectives: To evaluate the perceptions and extent of practicing self-medication among undergraduate pharmacy students. Methods: This cross-sectional, questionnaire-based study was conducted over a six month period (January to June 2016) among undergraduate pharmacy students in five reputable public universities of Bangladesh. It involved face-to-face interviews regarding self-medication of 250 respondents selected by simple random sampling. Results: Self-medication was reported by 88.0% of students. Antipyretics (58...
January 15, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338891/gray-and-white-matter-changes-and-their-relation-to-illness-trajectory-in-first-episode-psychosis
#2
Alejandro Keymer-Gausset, Anna Alonso-Solís, Iluminada Corripio, Rosa B Sauras-Quetcuti, Edith Pomarol-Clotet, Erick J Canales-Rodriguez, Eva Grasa-Bello, Enric Álvarez, Maria J Portella
Previous works have studied structural brain characteristics in first-episode psychosis (FEP), but few have focused on the relation between brain differences and illness trajectories. The aim of this study is to analyze gray and white matter changes in FEP patients and their relation with one-year clinical outcomes. A sample of 41 FEP patients and 41 healthy controls (HC), matched by age and educational level was scanned with a 3T MRI during the first month of illness onset. One year later, patients were assigned to two illness trajectories (schizophrenia and non-schizophrenia)...
January 12, 2018: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335037/is-freedom-still-therapy-the-40th-anniversary-of-the-italian-mental-health-care-reform
#3
A Fioritti
On 13 May 1978, the Italian Parliament approved Law 180, universally known as 'Basaglia Law' after the name of the leader of the anti-institutional movement which promoted this radical community mental health care reform. Forty years later, Italian psychiatry still runs a community care system, albeit with degrees of solidity and quality very varied along the peninsula. Mental health care is still an integral part of the National Health System, with liberal regulations on coercion and a lowest number of general hospital and residential facilities beds...
January 16, 2018: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333484/approaching-the-third-decade-of-paediatric-palliative-oncology-investigation-historical-progress-and-future-directions
#4
Abby R Rosenberg, Joanne Wolfe
Paediatric palliative care (PPC) endeavours to alleviate the suffering and improve the quality of life of children with serious illnesses and their families. In the past two decades since WHO defined PPC and called for its inclusion in paediatric oncology care, rigorous investigation has provided important insights. For example, the first decade of research focused on end-of-life experiences of the child and the family, underscoring the high prevalence of symptom burden, the barriers to parent-provider concordance with regards to prognosis, as well as the need for bereavement supports...
September 2017: Lancet Child & Adolescent Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332009/poststroke-psychosis-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Helle Stangeland, Vasiliki Orgeta, Vaughan Bell
A preregistered systematic review of poststroke psychosis examining clinical characteristics, prevalence, diagnostic procedures, lesion location, treatments, risk factors and outcome. Neuropsychiatric outcomes following stroke are common and severely impact quality of life. No previous reviews have focused on poststroke psychosis despite clear clinical need. CINAHL, MEDLINE and PsychINFO were searched for studies on poststroke psychosis published between 1975 and 2016. Reviewers independently selected studies for inclusion, extracted data and rated study quality...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328980/consequence-of-intraventricular-hemorrhage-on-neurovascular-coupling-evoked-by-speech-syllables-in-preterm-neonates
#6
Mahdi Mahmoudzadeh, Ghislaine Dehaene-Lambertz, Guy Kongolo, Marc Fournier, Sabrina Goudjil, Fabrice Wallois
Intraventricular Hemorrhage (IVH) is the leading cause of neurological and cognitive impairment in preterm neonates with an incidence that increases with increasing prematurity. In the present study, we tested how preterm neonates with IVH react to external stimulation (i.e. speech syllables). We compared their neural responses measured by electroencephalography (EEG), and hemodynamic responses measured by functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS), with those of healthy preterms. A neural response to syllables was observed in these infants, but did not induce a vascular response in contrast with healthy neonates...
January 5, 2018: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328897/high-users-of-healthcare-strategies-to-improve-care-reduce-costs
#7
REVIEW
Neil Siekman, Rick Hilger
A minority of patients consume a disproportionate amount of healthcare, especially in the emergency department. These "high users" are a small but complex group whose expenses are driven largely by low socioeconomic status, mental illness, and drug abuse; lack of social services also contributes. Several promising efforts aimed at improving quality and reducing healthcare costs for high users include care management organizations, patient care plans, and better discharge summaries.
January 2018: Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321008/effects-of-a-culturally-specific-tobacco-cessation-intervention-among-african-american-quitline-enrollees-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Monica Webb Hooper, Kelly Carpenter, Michael Payne, Ken Resnicow
BACKGROUND: African Americans suffer disproportionately from tobacco-related illness and have more difficulty quitting smoking than other racial/ethnic groups. Previous research indicates that African American treatment-seekers are high utilizers of tobacco quitlines, yet cessation rates via quitlines are lower relative to whites. The goal of the present study is to test the effectiveness of adding a culturally specific, video-based, adjunct to standard quitline care. It is hypothesized that the integration of an evidence-based intervention (Pathways to Freedom: Leading the Way to a Smoke-Free Community©; PTF) into quitline services will increase cessation and treatment engagement compared to control conditions, and that effects will be moderated by sociocultural factors (e...
January 10, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317439/emergency-departments-and-minor-illness-some-behavioural-insights
#9
EDITORIAL
Mando Watson, Mitch Blair
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300318/self-medication-practice-and-associated-factors-among-residents-in-wuhan-china
#10
Xiaosheng Lei, Heng Jiang, Chaojie Liu, Adamm Ferrier, Janette Mugavin
BACKGROUND: This study aims to examine the prevalence and predictors associated with self-medication, and related consequences in Wuhan, China. METHODS: Two-hundred-sixty residents were interviewed from randomly selected four districts of Wuhan, China. A modified version of Anderson's health behavioral model was used in the survey to collect information of self-medication behavior. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were used to measure correlates of the prevalence of self-medication...
January 4, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298494/development-of-a-community-based-palliative-care-screening-tool-for-underserved-older-adults-with-chronic-illnesses
#11
Angela Ghesquiere, Daniel S Gardner, Caitlin McAfee, Cara Kenien, Elizabeth Capezuti, Elissa Kozlov, Jo Anne Sirey, M Carrington Reid
Although they experience high rates of chronic illness, low-income minority communities have traditionally underutilized palliative care services compared to whites and those with higher incomes. One reason for this trend is lack of screening by community providers. We utilized a community-based participatory research approach to develop and implement an innovative multidomain palliative care screening tool in aging service agencies. Participants were aging service providers and clients in the East and Central Harlem neighborhoods of New York City, which are characterized by high poverty, largely African American and Latino populations, disproportionally high rates of chronic conditions, and limited health-care access...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287731/predictors-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-among-burn-patients-in-pakistan-the-role-of-reconstructive-surgery-in-post-burn-psychosocial-adjustment
#12
Ahmed Waqas, Nahal Raza, Termina Zahid, Abdul Rehman, Tooba Hamid, Ayesha Hanif, Mehak Jamal, Ayesha Farrukh, Abeera Azam, Marvee Turk, Muhammad Ashraf Chaudhry
BACKGROUND: Burns are a common cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is among the most prevalent psychopathologies documented among burn patients. However, little is known regarding the risk factors for post-burn PTSD outside the well-documented Western world context. The present study aims to elucidate the biopsychosocial correlates of PTSD among burn patients in Pakistan. METHODS: A total 343 burn patients were evaluated across four teaching hospitals in the Punjab province of Pakistan between August and December of 2016...
December 26, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284248/streptococcus-suis-a-re-emerging-pathogen-associated-with-occupational-exposure-to-pigs-or-pork-products-part-i-epidemiology
#13
Jacek Dutkiewicz, Jacek Sroka, Violetta Zając, Bernard Wasiński, Ewa Cisak, Anna Sawczyn, Anna Kloc, Angelina Wójcik-Fatla
<i>Streptococcus suis</i> (ex Elliot 1966, Kilpper-Bälz & Schleifer 1987) is a facultatively anaerobic Gram-positive ovoid or coccal bacterium surrounded by a polysaccharide capsule. Based on the antigenic diversity of the capsule, <i>S. suis</i> strains are classified serologically into 35 serotypes. <i>Streptococcus suis</i> is a commensal of pigs, commonly colonizing their tonsils and nasal cavities, mostly in weaning piglets between 4-10 weeks of age. This species occurs also in cattle and other mammals, in birds and in humans...
December 23, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283658/award-for-distinguished-professional-contributions-to-institutional-practice
#14
(no author information available yet)
This award is intended to recognize outstanding practitioners in psychology. Nominations are considered for psychologists working in a wide variety of institutional practice settings (e.g., schools, military, state hospital, Department of Veterans Affairs). Services provided to diverse client groups or patient populations, including but not limited to children/ adolescents/adults/older adults, urban/rural/ frontier populations, minority populations, and persons with serious mental illness, are considered. Contributions are judged distinguished by virtue of peer recognition, advancement of the public's recognition of psychology as a profession, relevant professional association honors, or other meritorious accomplishments denoting excellence as a practitioner, including improvement of institutional service delivery systems or development of psychologically informed public policy...
December 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283655/award-for-distinguished-professional-contributions-to-independent-practice
#15
(no author information available yet)
This award is intended to recognize outstanding independent practitioners in psychology. Nominations are considered for psychologists working in any area of clinical specialization, health services provision, or consulting, and services provided to any patient population or professional clientele in an independent setting. Services provided to diverse client groups or patient populations, including but not limited to children/adolescents/ adults/older adults, urban/rural/frontier populations, minority populations, and persons with serious mental illness are considered...
December 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283073/patients-illness-perceptions-of-type-2-diabetes-a-scoping-review
#16
Elena D Dimova, Ashleigh Ward, Vivien Swanson, Josie Mm Evans
BACKGROUND: People's personal perceptions, or illness representations, of type 2 diabetes can act as barriers to successful self-management. INTRODUCTION: Understanding patients' subjective perceptions of type 2 diabetes can aid the design of evidence-based care and appropriate educational programmes. This scoping review provides a narrative account of previous knowledge of patients' illness representations of type 2 diabetes. METHOD: Quantitative and qualitative studies that explored patients' illness representations of type 2 diabetes, as defined by Leventhal's Common Sense Model, were included...
December 27, 2017: Current Diabetes Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282797/decision-curve-analysis-as-a-framework-to-estimate-the-potential-value-of-screening-or-other-decision-making-aids
#17
Michael S Martin, George A Wells, Anne G Crocker, Beth K Potter, Ian Colman
OBJECTIVES: There is an increasing debate about the impact of mental health screening. We illustrate the use of a decision making framework that can be applied when there is no sufficient data to support a traditional cost-benefit analysis. METHODS: We conducted secondary analyses of data from 459 male prisoners who were screened upon intake. We compared the potential benefit of different approaches (screening, history taking, and universal interventions) to allocating treatment resources using decision curve analysis...
December 28, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282579/accuracy-of-outside-radiologists-reports-of-computed-tomography-exams-of-emergently-transferred-patients
#18
Jeffrey D Robinson, Ken F Linnau, Daniel S Hippe, Kellie L Sheehan, Joel A Gross
PURPOSE: Growing numbers of patient with advanced imaging being transferred to trauma centers has resulted in increased numbers of outside CT scans received at trauma centers. This study examines the degree of agreement between community radiologists' interpretations of the CT scans of transferred patients and trauma center radiologists' reinterpretation. METHODS: All CT scans of emergency transfer patients received over a 1 month period were reviewed by an emergency radiologist...
December 27, 2017: Emergency Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279695/undiagnosed-esophageal-adenocarcinoma-presenting-as-multiple-brain-metastases
#19
Vincent Grzywacz, Ernie Balcueva
Brain metastases from gastrointestinal malignancies are exceedingly rare occurrences that carry a very poor prognosis. This holds especially true in cases where brain metastases from esophageal primaries are the initial presentation of a previously unidentified gastrointestinal malignancy. Our patient, a 60-year-old male with a past history of a right temporal teratoma, family history of breast cancer, and no smoking history, presented with a chief complaint of recurrent headaches. His history of present illness and physical examination included a two-month history of frontal headache, progressive fatigue, and unintentional weight loss...
September 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279278/identification-and-assessment-of-copd-exacerbations
#20
A S Oliveira, J Munhá, A Bugalho, M Guimarães, G Reis, A Marques
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) exacerbations play a central role in the disease natural history of the disease, affecting its overall severity, decreasing pulmonary function, worsening underlying co-morbidities, impairing quality of life (QoL) and leading to severe morbidity and mortality. Therefore, identification and correct assessment of COPD exacerbations is paramount, given it will strongly influence therapy success. For the identification of exacerbations, several questionnaires exist, with varying degrees of complexity...
December 23, 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia
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