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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913691/exploring-the-chronic-illness-experience-of-rural-dwelling-latinos-of-mexican-origin
#1
Anissa Guzman
INTRODUCTION: Chronic illness is a complex and ever-growing phenomenon that is affecting millions of Americans every day, and it is disproportionately experienced by Latinos of Mexican origin. METHOD: In this quantitative study, the specific aims were to evaluate perceptions of chronic illness(es), locus of control (health and God), health status, and cultural orientation of rural-dwelling Latinos of Mexican origin in Colorado who have one or more chronic illnesses and to explore the relationships existing between these concepts...
December 2016: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904753/skin-flap-complications-after-decompressive-craniectomy-and-cranioplasty-proposal-of-classification-and-treatment-options
#2
Alessandro Di Rienzo, Pier Paol Pangrazi, Michele Riccio, Roberto Colasanti, Ilaria Ghetti, Maurizio Iacoangeli
BACKGROUND: The list of complications reported after decompressive craniectomy (DC) and cranioplasty is progressively increasing. Nonetheless, the exact incidence of these events is still ill-defined. Problems affecting skin flaps after DC and cranioplasty have never been accurately analyzed in papers and their impact on patients' prognosis is largely underestimated. METHODS: In a 10-year time, we treated by DC 450 patients, 344 of whom underwent cranioplasty, either with autologous bone or artificial implants (hydroxyapatite, polyetheretherketone, titanium, polymethylmethacrylate)...
2016: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904248/percutaneous-cholecystostomy-evidence-based-current-clinical-practice
#3
REVIEW
Karan Gulaya, Shamit S Desai, Kent Sato
The role of percutaneous cholecystostomy (PC) in the management of acute cholecystitis and cholangitis is outlined in the revised 2013 Tokyo Guidelines. These two emergencies constitute the vast majority of PC performed today for therapeutic purposes, and research has repeatedly shown the utility of PC in these conditions. PC is typically employed in the management of critically ill patients who are not surgical candidates. Indications and contraindications to PC are reviewed. Additional innovative applications of PC have been developed since it was first described in 1980...
December 2016: Seminars in Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902672/essential-content-for-discharge-instructions-in-pediatric-emergency-care-a-delphi-study
#4
Janet A Curran, Andrea Murphy, Emma Burns, Amy Plint, Monica Taljaard, Shannon MacPhee, Eleanor Fitzpatrick, Andrea Bishop, Jill Chorney, Megan Bourque
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the 5 most essential discharge instruction content elements that should be communicated to all caregivers of children who present to the emergency department (ED) with asthma, vomiting/diarrhea, abdominal pain, fever, minor head injury, or bronchiolitis. METHODS: A discharge information content list was developed for each illness presentation following a review of the literature. Using a modified Delphi technique, 6 lists were distributed to a panel of experts from EDs across Canada using a secure online survey tool with the goal of achieving the 5 most essential discharge instruction elements...
November 29, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892690/ethnic-differences-in-women-s-use-of-mental-health-services-do-social-networks-play-a-role-findings-from-a-national-survey
#5
Dharmi Kapadia, James Nazroo, Mark Tranmer
OBJECTIVES: The reasons for ethnic differences in women's mental health service use in England remain unclear. The aims of this study were to ascertain: ethnic differences in women's usage of mental health services, if social networks are independently associated with service use, and if the association between women's social networks and service use varies between ethnic groups. DESIGN: Logistic regression modelling of nationally representative data from the Ethnic Minority Psychiatric Illness Rates in the Community (EMPIRIC) survey conducted in England...
November 28, 2016: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885147/-you-can-t-just-walk-down-the-street-and-meet-someone-the-intersection-of-social-sexual-networking-technology-stigma-and-health-among-gay-and-bisexual-men-in-the-small-city
#6
Jaclyn M White Hughto, John E Pachankis, Adam I Eldahan, Danya E Keene
Social-sexual networking technologies have been reported to yield both psychosocial benefits and sexual risks for gay and bisexual men, yet little research has explored how technology interacts with the social-geographical environment to shape the health of gay and bisexual men in the relatively understudied environment of small cities. This article draws on 29 semistructured interviews examining the use of social-sexual networking technologies among racially diverse gay and bisexual men in two small cities...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876684/do-we-still-have-a-digital-divide-in-mental-health-a-five-year-survey-follow-up
#7
Dan Robotham, Safarina Satkunanathan, Lisa Doughty, Til Wykes
BACKGROUND: Nearly everyone in society uses the Internet in one form or another. The Internet is heralded as an efficient way of providing mental health treatments and services. However, some people are still excluded from using Internet-enabled technology through lack of resources, skills, and confidence. OBJECTIVE: Five years ago, we showed that people with severe mental illness were at risk of digital exclusion, especially middle-aged patients with psychosis and/or people from black or minority ethnic groups with psychosis...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866385/effectiveness-of-universal-school-based-mental-health-awareness-programs-among-youth-in-the-united-states-a-systematic-review
#8
John P Salerno
BACKGROUND: Stigmatizing attitudes toward mental illness and low mental health literacy have been identified as links to social adversity, and barriers to seeking and adhering to treatment among adolescents suffering from mental illness. Prior research has found that it is possible to improve these outcomes using school-based mental health awareness interventions. The purpose of this study was to review empirical literature pertaining to universal mental health awareness interventions aiming to improve mental health related outcomes among students enrolled in US K-12 schools, especially minorities vulnerable to health disparities...
December 2016: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863331/intensive-enhanced-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-severe-and-enduring-anorexia-nervosa-a-longitudinal-outcome-study
#9
Simona Calugi, Marwan El Ghoch, Riccardo Dalle Grave
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate short- and long-term outcomes in patients with severe and enduring anorexia nervosa (SE-AN), as compared with those with non SE-AN (NSE-AN), both treated via an inpatient programme based on a "recovery model" approach. METHODS: Sixty-six adult patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) were recruited from among consecutive referrals to a community-based eating disorder clinic offering inpatient enhanced cognitive behavioural therapy for eating disorders (CBT-E)...
November 12, 2016: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843838/quality-of-care-in-cancer-an-exploration-of-patient-perspectives
#10
Sandeep Mahapatra, Sukdev Nayak, Sanghamitra Pati
INTRODUCTION: Patient satisfaction is as important as is the care itself. When the patient has a disease like cancer it becomes even more important. A cancer patient not only suffers from the disease but also undergoes substantial mental trauma, agony, stress, uncertainty, and apprehension. There are limited studies in India eliciting patient's views on the quality of care being received by cancer patients. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional triangulation data transformation model mixed method design (Quant + Qual) was used to conduct the study between March and May 2015 among patients attending specialty hospitals providing oncology services in Odisha, India...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842634/a-review-of-the-peri-operative-management-of-paediatric-burns-identifying-adverse-events
#11
H Rode, C Brink, K Bester, M P Coleman, T Baisey, R Martinez
BACKGROUND: Burn injuries are common in poverty-stricken countries. The majority of patients with large and complex burns are referred to burn centres. Of the children who qualify for admission, according to burn admission criteria, about half require some kind of surgical procedure to obtain skin cover. These range from massive full-thickness fire burns to skin grafts for small, residual unhealed wounds. Burn anaesthetic procedures are of the most difficult to perform and are known for high complication rates...
November 2, 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842468/the-role-of-faith-based-organizations-in-the-depression-care-of-african-americans-and-hispanics-in-los-angeles
#12
Michelle Dalencour, Eunice C Wong, Lingqi Tang, Elizabeth Dixon, Aziza Lucas-Wright, Kenneth Wells, Jeanne Miranda
OBJECTIVE: This study examined use of depression care provided by faith-based organizations (FBOs) by African Americans and Hispanics and factors associated with the receipt of such care, including mental illness severity and use of traditional mental health services. METHODS: The study used baseline data from the Community Partners in Care study, a group-randomized trial comparing a community-partnered approach with a technical-assistance approach to improving depression care in underresourced communities in Los Angeles...
November 15, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834490/positive-mental-health-in-schizophrenia-and-healthy-comparison-groups-relationships-with-overall-health-and-biomarkers
#13
Emily C Edmonds, Averria Sirkin Martin, Barton W Palmer, Lisa T Eyler, Brinda K Rana, Dilip V Jeste
OBJECTIVE: Positive psychological factors (PPFs) have been reported to have a significant impact on health in the general population. However, little is known about the relationship of these factors with mental and physical health in schizophrenia. METHOD: One hundred and thirty-five outpatients with schizophrenia and 127 healthy comparison subjects (HCs), aged 26-65 years, were evaluated with scales of resilience, optimism, happiness, and perceived stress. Measures of mental and physical health were also obtained...
November 11, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833222/a-study-of-soft-neurological-signs-and-its-correlates-in-drug-naive-patients-with-first-episode-psychosis
#14
Vanishree Gunasekaran, V Mathan Kumar Venkatesh, T V Asokan
BACKGROUND: Soft neurological signs are minor, non localizing, objective abnormalities, thought to reflect damage in cortical and sub-cortical connections or connections within different cortical regions. Regional structural grey matter anomalies have already been observed and correlated with the presence of cognitive deficits and presence of soft neurological signs in schizophrenic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Drug naive patients presenting with first episode of psychosis (FEP)were clinically evaluated for soft neurological signs using the Cambridge Neurological Inventory...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830157/linking-high-risk-postpartum-women-with-a-technology-enabled-health-coaching-program-to-reduce-diabetes-risk-and-improve-wellbeing-program-description-case-studies-and-recommendations-for-community-health-coaching-programs
#15
Priyanka Athavale, Melanie Thomas, Adriana T Delgadillo-Duenas, Karen Leong, Adriana Najmabadi, Elizabeth Harleman, Christina Rios, Judy Quan, Catalina Soria, Margaret A Handley
Background. Low-income minority women with prior gestational diabetes mellitus (pGDM) or high BMIs have increased risk for chronic illnesses postpartum. Although the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) provides an evidence-based model for reducing diabetes risk, few community-based interventions have adapted this program for pGDM women. Methods. STAR MAMA is an ongoing randomized control trial (RCT) evaluating a hybrid HIT/Health Coaching DPP-based 20-week postpartum program for diabetes prevention compared with education from written materials at baseline...
2016: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821599/parental-responses-to-child-experiences-of-trauma-following-presentation-at-emergency-departments-a-qualitative-study
#16
Victoria Williamson, Cathy Creswell, Ian Butler, Hope Christie, Sarah L Halligan
OBJECTIVE: Parents are often children's main source of support following fear-inducing traumatic events, yet little is known about how parents provide that support. The aim of this study was to examine parents' experiences of supporting their child following child trauma exposure and presentation at an emergency department (ED). DESIGN: Semistructured qualitative interviews analysed using thematic analysis. SETTING: The setting for this study was two National Health Service EDs in England...
November 7, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818116/health-supply-utilization-at-a-boy-scout-summer-camp-an-evaluation-for-improvement-and-preparedness
#17
Ross T Miller, Bradley E Barth
OBJECTIVE: To describe the health conditions treated by a health services center at a Boy Scout summer camp and make recommendations for appropriate resources and supplies. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of health center utilization at a Boy Scout camp in central Missouri during the summers of 2012 and 2013. Health logbook data were compiled and analyzed using descriptive and comparative statistics. RESULTS: During the study period 19,771 camp participants made 1586 visits to the health care center...
December 2016: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813055/physiological-changes-associated-with-routine-nursing-procedures-in-critically-ill-are-common-an-observational-pilot-study
#18
J Engström, E Bruno, H Reinius, C Fröjd, H Jonsson, J Sannervik, A Larsson
BACKGROUND: Nursing procedures that are routinely performed in the intensive care unit (ICU) are assumed to have minimal side effects. However, these procedures may sometimes cause physiological changes that negatively affect the patient. We hypothesized that physiological changes associated with routine nursing procedures in the ICU are common. METHODS: A clinical observational study of 16 critically ill patients in a nine-bed mixed university hospital ICU. All nursing procedures were observed, and physiological data were collected and subsequently analyzed...
November 3, 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809671/a-systematic-review-of-the-relationship-between-psychological-disorders-or-substance-use-and-self-reported-cognitive-failures
#19
Nicole Carrigan, Emma Barkus
INTRODUCTION: Cognitive failures are errors in normal everyday functioning. Individuals with psychological disorders may possess heightened vulnerability. We sought to review the literature on cognitive failures in psychological disorders to determine the nature of this association, and whether failures relate to neuropsychological performance. We also examine the relationship between cognitive failures and substance use since it is relevant to everyday cognition and co-occurs in many psychological disorders...
November 3, 2016: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808023/searching-for-best-direction-in-healthcare-distilling-opportunities-priorities-and-responsibilities
#20
Terrence Montague, Amédé Gogovor, Lucas Marshall, Bonnie Cochrane, Sara Ahmed, Emily Torr, John Aylen, Joanna Nemis-White
Canada's health and its care are evolving. Evidence from serial Health Care in Canada surveys of the public and health professionals over the last two decades reveal a persistent sense of care quality, despite an aging population, decreasing levels of good and excellent health, increasing prevalence of chronic illnesses; and sub-optimal access to timely and patient-centred care. Stakeholders are, however, somewhat pessimistic and many sense complete rebuilding, or major changes, may be necessary. To improve access, the primary health concern of all Canadians - increasing medical and nursing school enrolment, and requiring professionals to work in teams - have attracted increasingly high support from both the public and professionals...
2016: Healthcare Quarterly
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