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Terra-Dawn M Plank, Miles F Wilkinson
The RNA-binding protein, UPF1, is best known for its central role in the nonsense-mediated RNA decay (NMD) pathway. Feng et al. now report a new function for UPF1-it is an E3 ubiquitin ligase that specifically promotes the decay of a key pro-muscle transcription factor: MYOD. UPF1 achieves this through its RING-like domain, which confers ubiquitin E3 ligase activity. Feng et al. provide evidence that the ability of UPF1 to destabilize MYOD represses myogenesis. In the future, it will be important to define other protein substrates of UPF1-driven ubiquitination and to determine whether this biochemical activity is responsible for some of UPF1's previously defined biological functions, including in development and stress responses...
December 13, 2017: BioEssays: News and Reviews in Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology
Yusuke Horiuchi, Junko Fujisaki, Noriko Yamamoto, Naoki Ishizuka, Masami Omae, Akiyoshi Ishiyama, Toshiyuki Yoshio, Toshiaki Hirasawa, Yorimasa Yamamoto, Masatsugu Nagahama, Hiroshi Takahashi, Tomohiro Tsuchida
BACKGROUND: Comparisons between surgical cases of mixed poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma and pure signet ring cell carcinoma have revealed higher frequencies of lymph node metastasis and submucosal invasion in the former. However, this comparison has not been reported for endoscopically treated cases. Therefore, we compared cases of curative and noncurative resection in patients who underwent endoscopic submucosal dissection to determine what factors could influence the curative resection rate...
December 13, 2017: Gastric Cancer
Dagan Zhang, Bingbing Gao, Yangtian Chen, Hong Liu
We report a method for converting the colorimetric results of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) into length based on the coffee-ring effect, so that the quantitative detection of analytes can be carried out simply using a ruler. The influence of the shape and lamination of the paper strip on the test results is studied. As a demonstration, human IgG is quantitatively analyzed. It is found that the width of the colored stains correlates with the concentration of the analyte which can be measured for quantitative analysis...
December 13, 2017: Lab on a Chip
Enikő Forró, Loránd Kiss, Judit Árva, Ferenc Fülöp
Efficient enzymatic resolutions are reported for the preparation of new eight-membered ring-fused enantiomeric β-amino acids [(1R,2S)-9 and (1S,2R)-9] and β-lactams [(1S,8R)-3, (1R,8S)-3 (1S,8R)-4 and (1R,8S)-7], through asymmetric acylation of (±)-4 (E > 100) or enantioselective hydrolysis (E > 200) of the corresponding inactivated (±)-3 or activated (±)-4 β-lactams, catalyzed by PSIM or CAL-B in an organic solvent. CAL-B-catalyzed ring cleavage of (±)-6 (E > 200) resulted in the unreacted (1S,8R)-6, potential intermediate for the synthesis of enantiomeric anatoxin-a...
December 13, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Christopher Ring, Maria Kavussanu
Achievement goal theory provides a framework to help understand how individuals behave in achievement contexts, such as sport. Evidence concerning the role of motivation in the decision to use banned performance enhancing substances (i.e., doping) is equivocal on this issue. The extant literature shows that dispositional goal orientation has been weakly and inconsistently associated with doping intention and use. It is possible that goal involvement, which describes the situational motivational state, is a stronger determinant of doping intention...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
Mingjun Xia, Molin Zhou, Fei Liang, Xianghe Meng, Jiyong Yao, Zheshuai Lin, Rukang Li
Single crystals of K6Cd3(C3N3O3)4 (1) were successfully grown via a solid-state cyclotrimerization reaction method from CdCl2 and KOCN. To our best knowledge, it is the first inorganic compound containing isolated six-membered-ring (6-MR) anionic groups that crystallizes in the cubic system. In the structure, the basic 6-MR anionic unit is a planar π-conjugated (C3N3O3)3- group that is isoelectronic with the (B3O6)3- group, as observed in the benchmark nonlinear-optical (NLO) crystal β-BaB2O4 with strong second-harmonic-generation response...
December 13, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Damon Adams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Dentistry Today
Kai Mei, Benedikt J Schwaiger, Felix K Kopp, Sebastian Ehn, Alexandra S Gersing, Jan S Kirschke, Daniela Muenzel, Alexander A Fingerle, Ernst J Rummeny, Franz Pfeiffer, Thomas Baum, Peter B Noël
To assess whether phantomless calcium-hydroxyapatite (HA) specific bone mineral density (BMD) measurements with dual-layer spectral computed tomography are accurate in phantoms and vertebral specimens. Ex-vivo human vertebrae (n = 13) and a phantom containing different known HA concentrations were placed in a semi-anthropomorphic abdomen phantom with different extension rings simulating different degrees of obesity. Phantomless dual-layer spectral CT was performed at different tube current settings (500, 250, 125 and 50 mAs)...
December 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
Yun-Chae Jung, Myung-Soo Park, Duck-Hyun Kim, Makoto Ue, Ali Eftekhari, Dong-Won Kim
Amorphous poly(ethylene ether carbonate) (PEEC), which is a copolymer of ethylene oxide and ethylene carbonate, was synthesized by ring-opening polymerization of ethylene carbonate. This route overcame the common issue of low conductivity of poly(ethylene oxide)(PEO)-based solid polymer electrolytes at low temperatures, and thus the solid polymer electrolyte could be successfully employed at the room temperature. Introducing the ethylene carbonate units into PEEC improved the ionic conductivity, electrochemical stability and lithium transference number compared with PEO...
December 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
Yan-Ping Wu, Jin-Rong Bai, Kai Zhong, Ding-Ding Bai, Yi-Na Huang, Kai Xiao, Yun Ran, Hong Gao
The C-3-OH, C-4 carbonyl oxygen and hydrogenation of C2=C3 bond on the C-ring of 2R,3R-dihydromyricetin (DMY) proved to be not necessary for the antibacterial activity against Staphylococcus aureus. DMY significantly decreased the intracellular ATP of S. aureus cells but had few effects on pHin, proline oxidation, succinate dehydrogenase activity or malate dehydrogenase activity.
December 13, 2017: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
Quentin Glenadel, Ermal Ismalaj, Thierry Billard
A metal-free methodology to easily synthesize various CF3Se-containing heterocyclic compounds has been developed through intramolecular ring closures of alkynes promoted with CF3SeCl. Moreover, this strategy has also been extended to other fluoroalkylselenyl groups.
December 13, 2017: Organic Letters
Jae-Hoon Choi, Jing Wu, Azusa Sawada, Syougo Takeda, Hirohide Takemura, Kaoru Yogosawa, Hirofumi Hirai, Mitsuru Kondo, Kunihisa Sugimoto, Tomohiro Asakawa, Makoto Inai, Toshiyuki Kan, Hirokazu Kawagishi
Plant growth stimulators, 2-azahypoxanthine (AHX) and 2-aza-8-oxohypoxanthine (AOH), were isolated from the fairy-ring-forming fungus, Lepista sordida, and AHX-treated rice, respectively. Further metabolites of AHX were detected in AHX-treated rice by HPLC, and the metabolites 1-4 were isolated from the rice. The structures of 1-4 were determined by spectroscopic analysis and synthesis. Compounds 1-4 exhibited no significant activity against rice, indicating that rice regulates the activity of AHX and AOH by converting them into their glucosides...
December 13, 2017: Organic Letters
Shan-Shan Chu, Liang-Ping Zha, Hai-Yan Duan, Tao Xu, Hua-Sheng Peng
The growth years of medicinal materials are closely related to their quality, and "Herb-chronology" has been used to determine the growth years of perennial dicotyledonous plants in recent years. On the basis of conventional paraffin section and freehand section, the anatomical study on roots of seven Sect. Paeonia species and main roots of cultivated Paeonia lactiflora was conducted in this paper. The results showed that, there existed some differences in microstructure of the seven species such as P. lactiflora, P...
October 2017: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
Maiko Haga-Tsujimura, Ken Nakahara, Eizaburo Kobayashi, Kensuke Igarashi, Benoit Schaller, Nikola Saulacic
AIM: To evaluate the impact of a collagen membrane on bone remodeling and osseointegration of implants placed simultaneously with a bone ring technique. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Standardized, vertical alveolar bone defects in the mandibles of six dogs were created. Tapered dental implants designed for two-stage subcrestal placement were inserted simultaneously with a bone ring technique. On one side of the mandible, the augmented sites were covered with a collagenous membrane...
December 12, 2017: Clinical Oral Implants Research
Javier Gualis, Rodrigo Estevez-Loureiro, David Alonso, Mario Castaño
We present the case of a high-risk patient with symptomatic severe mitral regurgitation following a surgical annuloplasty ring. An inverted aortic Edwards Sapien 3 bioprosthesis (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, CA) was successfully implanted through a transapical approach inside the previously implanted annuloplasty ring.
December 12, 2017: Journal of Cardiac Surgery
Sung-Hee Cho, Sun-Kyung Lee, Chong Hyeak Kim
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), the organic compounds formed by at least two condensed aromatic rings, are ubiquitous environmental pollutants that are produced by incomplete combustion of organic materials. PAHs have been classified as carcinogen to humans by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), because they can bind to DNA, causing mutations. Therefore, the levels of PAHs in human urine can be used as an indicator for potential carcinogenesis and cell mutation. The analytical method was developed for the accurate measurement of PAHs in urine using high-resolution gas chromatography-mass spectrometry...
December 12, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
Yusuke Kato, Takuya Miyakawa, Masaru Tanokura
In the last two decades, a wealth of structural and functional knowledge has been obtained for the three major cytoskeletal motor proteins, myosin, kinesin and dynein, which we review here. The cytoskeletal motor proteins myosin and kinesin are structurally similar in the core architecture of their motor domains and have similar force-producing mechanisms that are coupled with the chemical cycles of ATP binding, hydrolysis, Pi release and subsequent ADP release. The force is generated through conformational changes in the motor domain during Pi release and ATP binding in myosin and kinesin, respectively, and then converted into the rotation of the lever arm or neck linker (referred to as a power stroke) through the common structural pathways...
December 12, 2017: Biophysical Reviews
Jakub Škoda, Miroslav Pospíšil, Petr Kovář, Klára Melánová, Jan Svoboda, Ludvík Beneš, Vítězslav Zima
Classical molecular simulation methods were used for a detailed structural description of zirconium 4-sulfophenylphosphonate and zirconium phenylphosphonate 4-sulfophenylphosphonates with general formula Zr(HO3SC6H4PO3) x (C6H5PO3)2-x ·yH2O (x = 0.7-2; y = 0 or 2). First, models describing the structure of zirconium 4-sulfophenylphosphonate (x = 2) were calculated for the hydrated (y = 2) and dehydrated (y = 0) compounds. Subsequently, models for two mixed zirconium phenylphosphonate 4-sulfophenylphosphonates (x = 1...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Molecular Modeling
Julia Ring, Patrick Rockenfeller, Claudia Abraham, Jelena Tadic, Michael Poglitsch, Katherina Schimmel, Julia Westermayer, Simon Schauer, Bettina Achleitner, Christa Schimpel, Barbara Moitzi, Gerald N Rechberger, Stephan J Sigrist, Didac Carmona-Gutierrez, Guido Kroemer, Sabrina Büttner, Tobias Eisenberg, Frank Madeo
Hereditary spastic paraplegias, a group of neurodegenerative disorders, can be caused by loss-of-function mutations in the protein spartin. However, the physiological role of spartin remains largely elusive. Here we show that heterologous expression of human or Drosophila spartin extends chronological lifespan of yeast, reducing age-associated ROS production, apoptosis, and necrosis. We demonstrate that spartin localizes to the proximity of mitochondria and physically interacts with proteins related to mitochondrial and respiratory metabolism...
November 30, 2017: Microbial Cell
Jimmy Joseph Meleppuram, Syed Ibrahim
Objective: The aim of the study is to evaluate the clinical and functional outcome in treatment of infected tibial nonunion by the Ilizarov method. Methods: The authors retrospectively analyzed 42 patients with infected tibial nonunion with bone loss; shortening and deformity treated at this institution during the period of February 2012 to April 2015 were included in the study. The results were evaluated according to Association for the Study and Application of the Methods of Ilizarov (ASAMI) criteria...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
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