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Esophagogastric junction cancer

Tomoki Shimizu, Junko Fujisaki, Masami Omae, Akira Yamasaki, Yusuke Horiuchi, Akiyoshi Ishiyama, Toshiyuki Yoshio, Toshiaki Hirasawa, Yorimasa Yamamoto, Tomohiro Tsuchida
BACKGROUND: In recent years, effective outcomes of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) for esophagogastric junction cancer including short-segment Barrett's esophagus (SSBE) cancer have been reported. However, the efficacy of ESD for long-segment Barrett's esophagus (LSBE) cancer is unknown. AIM: To clarify the treatment outcomes of ESD for LSBE cancer versus SSBE cancer. METHODS: A total of 86 patients with 91 superficial Barrett's esophageal adenocarcinomas who underwent ESD were enrolled; of these, 68 had underlying SSBE and 18 had LSBE...
March 14, 2018: Digestion
Fenglin Liu, Xinyu Qin
Many retrospective and cohort studies have shown that laparoscopic total gastrectomy(LTG) has advantages of less trauma, quicker recovery and better incision than open total gastrectomy, and is not inferior to laparotomy in safety and the short- and long-term outcomes, so it has been widely applied. However there is still a lack of high level evidence-based basis. At present, several prospective multicenter clinical studies are being carried out in China, Japan and South Korea which have high incidence of gastric cancer to demonstrate the safety and feasibility of LTG and evaluate its long-term outcomes as well...
February 25, 2018: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Andrew G Nicholson, Ming S Tsao, William D Travis, Deepa T Patil, Francoise Galateau-Salle, Mirella Marino, Sanja Dacic, Mary Beth Beasley, Kelly J Butnor, Yasushi Yatabe, Harvey I Pass, Valerie W Rusch, Frank C Detterbeck, Hisao Asamura, Thomas W Rice, Ramon Rami-Porta
CONTEXT: - The Staging and Prognostic Factors Committee of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer, in conjunction with the International Mesothelioma Interest Group, the International Thymic Malignancy Interest Group, and the Worldwide Esophageal Cancer Collaboration, developed proposals for the 8th edition of their respective tumor, node, metastasis (TNM) staging classification systems. OBJECTIVE: - To review these changes and discuss issues for the reporting pathologist...
February 26, 2018: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
Hyun Ju Kim, Hyunsoo Chung, Sung Kwan Shin, Hyoung-Il Kim, Jun Chul Park, Sang Kil Lee, Woo Jin Hyung, Yong Chan Lee, Sung Hoon Noh
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to analyze long-term clinical and oncologic outcomes in patients with early-stage adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (AEG) managed with either endoscopic resection (ER) or surgery. METHODS: The inclusion criteria were AEG, meeting classic or expanded indications for ER of early gastric cancer, and complete resection. A total of 66 patients with Siewert type II AEG were included (ER group, n = 38; vs. surgery group, n = 28)...
February 7, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
Toshiki Hirakawa, Junya Morimoto, Kazunori Nakazawa, Hironari Miyamoto, Takuma Okada, Chihoko Nobori, Shigeaki Kurihara, En Wang, Naoki Aomatsu, Takehiko Iwauchi, Shigehito Yamagata, Yasutake Uchima, Kazuhiro Takeuchi
A 65-year-old man presented with severe strictures from the esophagogastric junction to the body of the stomach and was histopathologically diagnosed with adenocarcinoma. Computed tomography showed multiple peritoneal metastases. A long, covered metallic stent was placed, and chemotherapy was started. Subsequent granulation from the oral side of the stent caused stricture formation, and a covered stent was also placed. After 8 months, granulation from the oral side of the stent caused recurrent stricture formation...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Takahiro Terashima, Shunji Kawamoto, Kouichi Maekawa, Norimitsu Kuroki
A 83-year-old female, with oppression in her chest, was subjected to type 2 advanced gasteric cancer in esophagogastric junction. Examinations revealed Stage III c of cT4, cN2, cM0. For adopting neoadjuvant chemotherapy, S-1 plus CDDP was not on the list, but S-1 plus oxaliplatin (SOX) was, because massive load of infusion along with the chemotherapy was not appropriate for the patient with low cardiac function. After 2 courses of SOX, the primary tumor as well as metastatic lymph nodes were shown with marked reduction in size by CT scan, which enabled total gastrectomy with D2 lymphadenectomy to be performed as a curative resection, leading to patient living with no recurrence more than 3 years...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Sho Toyoda, Atsuo Imagawa, Kouichi Demura, Kurumi Tsuchihashi, Satoshi Okumura, Hiroshi Yasuda, Kansuke Yamamoto, Aya Ito, Naoto Mizumura, Ken Yuu, Hiroshi Tsuchihashi, Masao Ogawa, Masayasu Kawasaki, Masao Kameyama
The patient was a 64-year-old man with esophagogastric junction cancer. We performed right thoracotomy-laparotomy for lower esophageal and cardiac gastric resection, D2 lymphadenectomy, and reconstruction of a gastric tube in October 2011. Histopathology confirmed T4aN1M1(LYM), Stage IV cancer(Japanese Classification of Gastric Carcinoma, 14th edition) with R0 resection. Because of preexisting alcoholic cirrhosis, postoperative chemotherapy was not an option. In March 2014, we performed left adrenalectomy for left adrenal metastasis, and in December 2014, we performed right adrenalectomy for metastasis to the right adrenal gland...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Yuto Kitano, Jun Kinoshita, Katsunobu Oyama, Koichi Okamoto, Seisho Sakai, Isamu Makino, Keishi Nakamura, Hironori Hayashi, Masafumi Inokuchi, Tomoharu Miyashita, Hidehiro Tajima, Hiroyuki Takamura, Itasu Ninomiya, Sachio Fushida, Tetsuo Ohta
Gastric cancer rarely contains neuroendocrine component. This mixed tumor is defined as neuroendocrine carcinoma (NEC), mixed adenoneuroendocrine carcinoma(MANEC)and so on according to the WHO classification. We report a patient with esophagogastric junction cancer with neuroendocrine differentiation(NED). The patient was 54-year-old man who diagnosed of esophagogastric junction cancer at the medical examination. Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a type 3 tumor at esophagogastric junction, and the pathological findings were poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma with focal positivity of chromogranin A...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Yasuaki Nagami, Masaki Ominami, Koji Otani, Shuhei Hosomi, Fumio Tanaka, Koichi Taira, Noriko Kamata, Hirokazu Yamagami, Tetsuya Tanigawa, Masatsugu Shiba, Toshio Watanabe, Yasuhiro Fujiwara
BACKGROUND: Adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (EGJ) is uncommon in Eastern countries, including Japan, but it is believed that the incidence of EGJ adenocarcinoma will increase in Asia in the future due to the decreasing incidence of Helicobacter pylori infection. Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is a minimally invasive and curative treatment that allows precise pathological assessment. SUMMARY: Magnifying endoscopy with narrow-band imaging may be useful for differential diagnoses and for delineating the cancer margin of EGJ adenocarcinoma, but subsquamous carcinoma extension, which is the invasion of EGJ adenocarcinoma beneath the normal esophageal squamous epithelium, makes it difficult to detect cancer margins of the oral side in ESD for EGJ adenocarcinoma...
February 1, 2018: Digestion
Panteleimon Kountourakis, Demetris Papamichael, Haris Haralambous, Michael Michael, Georgios Nakos, Sylvia Lazaridou, Eleni Fotiou, Vassilios Vassiliou, Demetrios Andreopoulos
Leptomeningeal carcinomatosis is a very rare manifestation in patients diagnosed with esophagogastric junction and gastric cancer. Its prognosis is ominous and therapy outcomes are disappointing. Herein, we present two patients; one initially diagnosed with gastric cancer and leptomeningeal carcinomatosis but no other evidence of metastatic disease and the other one initially diagnosed with esophagogastric junction cancer, who recurred solitary with leptomeningeal seedings several years after the initial diagnosis and treatment...
January 15, 2018: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Rossella Reddavid, Silvia Sofia, Paolo Chiaro, Fabio Colli, Renza Trapani, Laura Esposito, Mario Solej, Maurizio Degiuli
AIM: To investigate the neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) effect on the survival of patients with proper stomach cancer submitted to D2 gastrectomy. METHODS: We proceeded to a review of the literature with PubMed, Embase, ASCO and ESMO meeting abstracts as well as computerized use of the Cochrane Library for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing NAC followed by surgery (NAC + S) with surgery alone (SA) for gastric cancer (GC). The primary outcome was the overall survival rate...
January 14, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Zhangjian Zhou, Xin Xie, Nan Hao, Dongmei Diao, Yongchun Song, Peng Xia, Chengxue Dang, Hao Zhang
OBJECTIVE: In addition to the traditional TNM N staging system, lymph node ratio (LNR) and log odds of metastatic lymph nodes (LODDS) staging methods were developed in cancers. We aimed to examine their relative prognostic performance in patients with adenocarcinoma of esophagogastric junction (AEG). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent surgical resection for AEG were identified from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program and the First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University as the training and validation sets, respectively...
January 17, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
Hongyu Han, Meixia Pan, Yang Tao, Runzhong Liu, Zhiliang Huang, Korinne Piccolo, Caiyun Zhong, Ranyi Liu
We retrospectively examined a large cohort of esophageal carcinoma patients who received early enteral nutrition (EEN) to clarify the validity of EEN compared with total parenteral nutrition (TPN). Included were a total of 665 consecutive patients with histologically confirmed carcinoma of the esophagus or esophagogastric junction; and all patients underwent esophagectomy. The patients were divided into two groups: TPN (n = 262) and EEN (n = 403). The TPN group consisted of patients who only received intravenous nutrition support after operation...
January 9, 2018: Nutrition and Cancer
Yu Ohkura, Masaki Ueno, Toshiro Iizuka, Harushi Udagawa
Background: Management of postoperative chylothorax generally involves nutritional regimens as well as pharmacological and surgical therapies, but a clear consensus has yet to be reached. Methods: Retrospective review of 371 patients who underwent esophagectomy for esophageal cancer was performed. They were patients with squamous cell carcinoma or adenocarcinoma of the esophagus including Siewert type I/II tumor of the esophagogastric junction who underwent subtotal esophagectomy...
2018: Esophagus: Official Journal of the Japan Esophageal Society
Harald Schmalenberg, Salah-Eddin Al-Batran, Claudia Pauligk, Thomas Zander, Alexander Reichart, Udo Lindig, Mathias Kleiß, Lothar Müller, Claus Bolling, Thomas Seufferlein, Peter Reichardt, Frank Kullmann, Henning Eschenburg, Alexander Schmittel, Matthias Egger, Andreas Block, Thorsten Oliver Goetze
INTRODUCTION: This is a single-arm study (NCT01956149) to determine the prolonged (≥ 4 months) disease control rate with cabazitaxel administered in second-(or later) setting for patients with advanced or metastatic adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (EGJ) and stomach. METHODS: 65 patients with advanced EGJ and stomach cancer were treated with 20 mg/m2 cabazitaxel every 3 weeks for a maximum of six cycles. The main objective of the study is a prolonged disease control rate (pDCR: CR, PR or SD lasting at least 4 months)...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
Salah-Eddin Al-Batran, Thorsten O Goetze, Daniel W Mueller, Arndt Vogel, Michael Winkler, Sylvie Lorenzen, Alexander Novotny, Claudia Pauligk, Nils Homann, Thomas Jungbluth, Christoph Reissfelder, Karel Caca, Steffen Retter, Eva Horndasch, Julia Gumpp, Claus Bolling, Karl-Hermann Fuchs, Wolfgang Blau, Winfried Padberg, Michael Pohl, Andreas Wunsch, Patrick Michl, Frank Mannes, Matthias Schwarzbach, Harald Schmalenberg, Michael Hohaus, Christian Scholz, Christoph Benckert, Jorge Riera Knorrenschild, Veit Kanngießer, Thomas Zander, Hakan Alakus, Ralf-Dieter Hofheinz, Claus Roedel, Manish A Shah, Mitsuru Sasako, Dietmar Lorenz, Jakob Izbicki, Wolf O Bechstein, Hauke Lang, Stefan P Moenig
BACKGROUND: Historical data indicate that surgical resection may benefit select patients with metastatic gastric and gastroesophageal junction cancer. However, randomized clinical trials are lacking. The current RENAISSANCE trial addresses the potential benefits of surgical intervention in gastric and gastroesophageal junction cancer with limited metastases. METHODS: This is a prospective, multicenter, randomized, investigator-initiated phase III trial. Previously untreated patients with limited metastatic stage (retroperitoneal lymph node metastases only or a maximum of one incurable organ site that is potentially resectable or locally controllable with or without retroperitoneal lymph nodes) receive 4 cycles of FLOT chemotherapy alone or with trastuzumab if Her2+...
December 28, 2017: BMC Cancer
Sung Don Oh, Sung Jin Oh, Byoung Jo Suh, Jin Yong Shin, Jong Kwon Park
Portal vein tumor thrombosis (PVTT) with advanced gastric cancer is very rare; when it occurs, it exhibits aggressive growth and carries a poor prognosis. In addition, definitive treatment has not been established due to insufficient data. Herein, we report a case of PVTT associated with an adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction that was successfully controlled by means of a palliative total gastrectomy without surgical resection of the PVTT and administration of palliative continuous doxifluridine.
September 2017: Case Reports in Oncology
Jeung Hui Pyo, Hyuk Lee, Yang Won Min, Byung-Hoon Min, Jun Haeng Lee, Kyoung-Mee Kim, Heejin Yoo, Soohyun Ahn, Jae J Kim
BACKGROUND: Because of the poor prognosis of proximal gastric cancers, there is debate as to whether the conventional indications for endoscopic resection can be used. METHODS: Among subjects who underwent surgery for esophagogastric junction or gastric cardia cancer, 256 patients with T1 type II/III of the Siewert classification were included in this study. The association of lymph node metastasis (LNM) with each variable was analyzed using logistic regression models...
December 14, 2017: Gastric Cancer
W P Wang, Y S Yang, S L He, L Q Chen
AJCC Esophageal Cancer Staging System, 8(th) edition will be implemented on January 1, 2018. The N staging in 8(th) edition of staging system remains following 7(th) edition based on the number of metastatic nodes, except the limited revision of the regional lymph node map. N staging revision was reviewed from the simple definition of negative (N0) and positive (N1) lymph node(s) to the positive node number based proposal (7(th) edition). The 7(th) edition staging system, especially the N staging, were proved with more advantages on distinguishing disease progression and predicting prognosis of the esophageal cancer...
December 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
J Robert O'Neill, Ewan D Kennedy, Vicki Save, Barbara Langdale-Brown, Lucy Wall, Richard J E Skipworth, Simon Paterson-Brown
Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NA) is routinely offered to patients undergoing resection for locally advanced (≥cT3Nx or cTxN+) esophageal or esophagogastric junctional (EGJ) cancer in the United Kingdom. Patients with comorbidity precluding the use of NA can be considered for resection yet the effect of omitting NA on survival is unclear. Methods: Retrospective review of prospectively collected clinical data from patients undergoing attempted curative therapy for ≥cT3Nx or cTxN+ esophageal or EGJ (Siewert type I-III) cancer between 2001 and 2013...
February 2017: International Journal of Surgery. Oncology
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