keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Diaper

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523895/skin-ph-and-transepidermal-water-loss-values-in-children-with-diaper-dermatitis-in-ibadan-nigeria
#1
Adewale Owa, Regina Oladokun, Kikelomo Osinusi
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Diaper dermatitis (DD) is one of the most common skin conditions in infants and young children. Among the factors associated with greater frequency of DD are high skin pH and transepidermal water loss (TEWL). This study examined the prevalence of DD in healthy black children in Nigeria and evaluated the association between skin surface pH, TEWL, and DD in this population. METHODS: The study was cross-sectional in design and involved children younger than 2 years attending eight immunization clinics in Ibadan, Nigeria (N = 424)...
May 2017: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506258/health-care-waste-management-in-community-based-care-experiences-of-community-health-workers-in-low-resource-communities-in-south-africa
#2
Lydia Hangulu, Olagoke Akintola
BACKGROUND: In South Africa, community health workers (CHWs) working in community-based care (CBC) programmes provide care to patients most of whom are living with HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis (TB). Although studies have shown that the caregiving activities provided by the CHWs generate health care waste (HCW), there is limited information about the experiences of CHWs on health care waste management (HCWM) in CBC. This study explored HCWM in CBC in Durban, South Africa from the perspectives CHWs...
May 15, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499798/pilot-trial-on-separation-conditions-for-diaper-recycling
#3
Kyung-Shin Kim, Hee-Sun Cho
By utilizing laboratory-scale tests, the optimal separation conditions for diaper recycling were identified, and then, these conditions were validated by a pilot trial. In this research, we determined the mass balances derived during various processing steps and identified the most feasible procedures to use for separating each material in the output flow. The results showed that drum screening was not able to remove all the fiber and super absorbent particles (SAP) in the plastic-rich fraction and that cellulose enzyme treatment can be a good solution...
May 9, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481819/the-effects-of-kangaroo-care-on-the-sleep-and-wake-states-of-preterm-infants
#4
Farideh Bastani, Nahid Rajai, Zahra Farsi, Heidelise Als
BACKGROUND: Developing interventions that improve deep sleep and quit awake is important to improve the quality of care that is provided to preterm infants. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of kangaroo care and in-arms-holding on the sleep and wake states of preterm infants. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial design was employed in 2011-2012. Seventy-two stable preterm infants with gestational ages of 32-37 weeks and their mothers were recruited from the neonatal intensive care unit of Valiasr Hospital in Tehran, Iran...
June 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471866/newborn-congenital-cytomegalovirus-screening-based-on-clinical-manifestations-and-evaluation-of-dna-based-assays-for-in-vitro-diagnostics
#5
Tomoyuki Fujii, Akira Oka, Ichiro Morioka, Hiroyuki Moriuchi, Shin Koyano, Hideto Yamada, Shigeru Saito, Hiroshi Sameshima, Takeshi Nagamatsu, Shinya Tsuchida, Naoki Inoue
OBJECTIVES: To establish a strategy for congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) screening and to establish confirmatory assays approved as In Vitro diagnostics (IVD) by the regulatory authorities, we evaluated the clinical risks and performance of diagnostic assays developed by commercial companies, since cCMV infection has significant clinical consequences. STUDY DESIGN: Newborns with clinical manifestations considered to be consequences of cCMV infection (n=575) were screened for the presence of CMV DNA in urine specimens collected onto filter paper placed in their diapers using the PCR-based assay reported previously...
May 3, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463943/diaper-slit-perineal-bag-urine-sampling
#6
Sody A Naimer
OBJECTIVE: Many indications justifiably drive the pediatrician to request a urine sample in order to assess the health status of the incontinent baby or infant. Urine collection by means of an adhesive perineal bag is the most widely used in children who do not control urine emission, despite its inaccurate reflection of bacteriuria. We suggest a novel technique to immediately visualize the micturition event upon occurrence, in attempt to shorten waiting times and exhausting checking and rechecking opaque diapers in order to determine whether the desired sample has finally been delivered...
May 1, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438923/reduced-concentration-clavulanate-for-young-children-with-acute-otitis-media
#7
Alejandro Hoberman, Jack L Paradise, Howard E Rockette, Jong-Hyeon Jeong, Diana H Kearney, Sonika Bhatnagar, Timothy R Shope, Gysella Muñiz, Judith M Martin, Marcia Kurs-Lasky, Mary Ann Haralam, Marcia A Pope, Jennifer P Nagg, Wenchen Zhao, Mohammad Kowser Miah, Jan Beumer, Raman Venkataramanan, Nader Shaikh
Amoxicillin/clavulanate (A/C), is currently the most effective oral antimicrobial in treating children with acute otitis media (AOM), but standard dosage of 90/6.4 mg/kg/day commonly causes diarrhea. We examined whether an A/C formulation containing lower concentrations of clavulanate would result in less diarrhea, while maintaining plasma levels of amoxicillin and clavulanate adequate to eradicate middle-ear pathogens and achieve clinical success. We conducted an open-label study in children aged 6 to 23 months with AOM...
April 24, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422664/diaper-embedded-urinary-tract-infection-monitoring-sensor-module-powered-by-urine-activated-batteries
#8
Weeseong Seo, Wuyang Yu, Tianlin Tan, Babak Ziaie, Byunghoo Jung
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common infections in humans. UTI is easily treatable using antibiotics if identified in early stage. However, without early identification and treatment, UTI can be a major source of serious complications in geriatric patients, in particular, those suffering from neurodegenerative diseases. Also, for infants who have difficulty in describing their symptoms, UTI may lead to serious development of the disease making early identification of UTI crucial. In this paper, we present a diaper-embedded, wireless, self-powered, and autonomous UTI monitoring sensor module that allows an early detection of UTI with minimal effort...
April 14, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420254/common-diaper-ingredient-questions-modern-disposable-diaper-materials-are-safe-and-extensively-tested
#9
Jennifer Counts, Annie Weisbrod, Shan Yin
Today's disposable diapers are high-performance and well-tested products, designed to keep skin dry and healthy. They are primarily made of biologically inert polymers, commonly used in fabrics and other materials that are in contact with skin, and in foods and cosmetics. Still, product safety and ingredients in everyday products can be a source of anxiety for new parents. This article provides the facts behind some commonly asked questions from consumers about diaper ingredients and safety, including myths and facts related to chlorine, latex, dyes, and chemical additives...
May 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420253/myths-on-chemical-burns-in-the-diaper-area
#10
Kara Shah
Over the past several years, a number of articles and online posts have circulated on the Internet associating use of disposable and cloth diapers with chemical burns on babies' skin. Because both mild chemical burns and diaper dermatitis (diaper rash) can cause skin redness and peeling, it is not surprising that some confusion has arisen regarding the association between these two conditions. However, diapers cannot cause chemical burns because they are made of inert materials. Diaper rash and chemical burns are distinct conditions that require different evaluation and treatment, which is why it is important for pediatricians to help parents understand the difference...
May 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420252/diaper-dermatitis-facts-and-misinformation
#11
Russell W Steele
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420251/differential-diagnosis-of-diaper-dermatitis
#12
Bernard Cohen
Mild diaper dermatitis often occurs in children before toilet training is complete, particularly from 9 to 12 months of age, and the most common presentation is an irritant contact dermatitis. Diaper dermatitis may account for up to 25% of dermatology visits to health care providers during the first year of life. Fortunately, since the introduction of hypoallergenic, superabsorbent modern disposable diapers, the incidence and severity of irritant and allergic contact dermatitis has decreased dramatically. Diaper dermatitis broadly refers to skin disorders that occur in the diaper area, such as skin eruptions triggered by diapers, rashes exacerbated by the diaper, and other events that occur in the diaper area...
May 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419206/short-term-preoperative-exercise-therapy-does-not-improve-long-term-outcome-after-lung-cancer-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-study%C3%A2
#13
Wolfram Karenovics, Marc Licker, Christoph Ellenberger, Michel Christodoulou, John Diaper, Chetna Bhatia, John Robert, Pierre-Olivier Bridevaux, Frédéric Triponez
OBJECTIVES: Poor aerobic fitness is a potential modifiable risk factor for long-term survival and quality of life in patients with lung cancer. This randomized trial evaluates the impact of adding rehabilitation (Rehab) with high-intensity interval training (HIIT) before lung cancer surgery to enhance cardiorespiratory fitness and improve long-term postoperative outcome. METHODS: Patients with operable lung cancer were randomly assigned to usual care (UC, n  = 77) or to intervention group (Rehab, n  = 74) that entailed HIIT that was implemented only preoperatively...
April 17, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380151/hammock-position-and-nesting-comparison-of-physiological-and-behavioral-effects-in-preterm-infants
#14
Kassandra Silva Falcão Costa, Ludmylla de Oliveira Beleza, Lissandra Martins Souza, Laiane Medeiros Ribeiro
Objective: To compare the effects of the use of hammocks versus nesting in preterm infants, after diaper changing. Methods: quasi-experimental study, a cross-over trial with 30 preterm newborns in an intermediate care nursery (ICN) in a public hospital in Brasilia-DF, conducted from November 2011 to March 2012. The effects of the two interventions (nesting and hammock) after diaper changing were assessed. Student's t test with a confidence level of 95% (p <0...
March 30, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370745/in-vitro-methods-for-evaluating-skin-hydration-under-diapers-and-incontinence-products
#15
M L Tate, A S Wright
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Excessive skin hydration from wearing wet undergarments, such as infant diapers and adult incontinence products, has been historically problematic. Skin damage occurs from wetness (urine) and limited product breathability. Evaporative water loss has been measured on adult arms (armband method) or infant torsos (on-baby method), after wearing a saline-insulted diaper product. The current study developed a reliable in vitro method of evaluating diaper and incontinence products for improvements in skin dryness...
April 1, 2017: Skin Research and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361514/treatment-of-stress-urinary-incontinence-in-neurological-patients-with-an-injectable-elastomer-prosthesis-preliminary-results
#16
Julien Renard, Marco Citeri, Lucia Zanollo, Chiara Guerrer, Luigi Rizzato, Luca Frediani, Christophe Iselin, Michele Spinelli
Many treatment options for stress urinary incontinence are difficult to apply to neurological patients. Urolastic is a new agent that is primarily indicated for women with mild stress urinary incontinence or men after prostate surgery. In this report, we present a series of 5 cases describing the first use of Urolastic to treat neurological patients. All patients were evaluated with a voiding diary and the use of auxiliary devices as the main indicators of continence. The median operative time was 30.8 minutes, and no complications were observed...
March 24, 2017: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360250/development-of-the-brussels-infant-and-toddler-stool-scale-bitss-protocol-of-the-study
#17
Yvan Vandenplas, Hania Szajewska, Marc Benninga, Carlo Di Lorenzo, Christophe Dupont, Christophe Faure, Mohamed Miqdadi, Seksit Osatakul, Carmen Ribes-Konickx, Miguel Saps, Raanan Shamir, Annamaria Staiano
INTRODUCTION: The Bristol Stool Form Scale (BSS) which consists of 7 photographs of different stool forms allows assessment of stool consistency (scale 1 for hard lumps to scale 7 for watery stools), in an objective manner in adults. The BSS is also sometimes used to characterise the stools of infants and young children. Despite its use, there is general agreement among paediatric gastroenterologists that the BSS is not adequate to be used in infants and young children who wear diapers; thus, a new scale specifically designed for this population is needed...
March 29, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328694/acute-painless-lower-gastrointestinal-bleed-that-mimics-meckel-diverticulum
#18
Anand Gourishankar, KuoJen Tsao
OBJECTIVE: We describe a case of gastrointestinal duplication cyst with heterotopic gastric mucosa presenting with hematochezia. CASE: The patient was a previously healthy 2-month-old girl presenting with passing fresh blood in the diaper without distress or abdominal discomfort. She was evaluated for colic prior to this episode and discharged home. Meckel scan was positive, and surgeons performed an exploratory laparotomy to identify a jejunal duplication cyst...
March 21, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320676/smartphone-based-rapid-screening-of-urinary-biomarkers
#19
Haakon Karlsen, Tao Dong
An ambulatory pre-screening Point-of-Care (POC) device compatible with commercially available diapers has been developed to rapidly screen urine samples for incontinent or functionally impaired elderly. This POC device consists of a set of colorimetric reaction pads with accompanying reference colors. A smartphone with camera is a convenient tool for analysis of colorimetric assays; and a software application has been developed for smartphones to photograph the colorimetric assay and classify colorimetric reactions according to the reference colors...
April 2017: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303101/psoriasiform-diaper-rash-possibly-induced-by-oral-propranolol-in-an-18-month-old-girl-with-infantile-hemangioma
#20
Raphaëlle Baggio, Claire Le Treut, Laure Darrieux, Amélie Vareliette, Gilles Safa
Propranolol, a nonselective blocker of β-adrenergic receptors, has become the first-line treatment for complicated infantile hemangiomas. Therefore, its use in the pediatric population has expanded in recent years. In adults, β-blockers have been reported to be the most common causative agents for drug-induced psoriasis. In infants treated with propranolol for infantile hemangioma, the onset of psoriasiform diaper rash has not yet been reported. Here, to the best of our knowledge, we report the first case of psoriasiform diaper rash possibly induced by oral propranolol in an 18-month-old girl with no family history of psoriasis...
September 2016: Case Reports in Dermatology
keyword
keyword
31926
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"