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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045886/the-effects-of-kangaroo-care-on-the-sleep-and-wake-states-of-preterm-infants
#1
Farideh Bastani, Nahid Rajai, Zahra Farsi, Heidelise Als
BACKGROUND: Developing interventions that improve deep sleep and quit awake is important to improve the quality of care that is provided to preterm infants. PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of kangaroo care and in-arms-holding on the sleep and wake states of preterm infants. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial design was employed in 2011-2012. Seventy-two stable preterm infants with gestational ages of 32-37 weeks and their mothers were recruited from the neonatal intensive care unit of Valiasr Hospital in Tehran, Iran...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034424/comparative-assessment-of-primary-and-secondary-infection-risks-in-a-norovirus-outbreak-using-a-household-model-simulation
#2
Fuminari Miura, Toru Watanabe, Kozo Watanabe, Kazuhiko Takemoto, Kensuke Fukushi
Diarrheal diseases can be transmitted via both primary infection due to exposures to contaminated materials from the environment and secondary infection due to person-to-person contacts. Usually, the importance of secondary infection is empirically assessed by fitting mathematical models to the epidemic curves. However, these empirical models may not be applicable to other epidemic cases because they are developed only for the target epidemics and they don't consider the detail routes of infection. In our previous study, we developed a theoretical model taking into account the various routes of infection that commonly occur in households (e...
December 2016: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031546/sunlight-exposure-and-vitamin-d-status-in-breastfed-infants
#3
Pinky Meena, Aashima Dabas, Dheeraj Shah, Rajeev Kumar Malhotra, S V Madhu, Piyush Gupta
OBJECTIVE: To correlate the sunlight exposure in first 6 months to vitamin D status at 6 months of age in predominantly breastfed infants; and to quantify the sunlight exposure required to achieve serum 25(OH)D level > 20 ng/mL, by 6 months of age. DESIGN: Prospective cohort. SETTING: Tertiary care hospital predominantly catering to urban poor population in Delhi. PARTICIPANTS: 132 healthy infants, delivered at term, and predominantly breastfed were enrolled at 6-8 weeks of age...
December 5, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002234/patch-test-series-for-allergic-perineal-dermatitis-in-the-diapered-infant
#4
JiaDe Yu, James Treat, Bruce Brod
BACKGROUND: Allergic perineal dermatitis (PD) due to diaper wipes, topical medicaments, or diapers has been reported. Although patch testing is the criterion standard for detection of allergic contact dermatitis in children, this is limited by body surface area, decreased tolerance of the patch testing procedure, and increased false-positive rates due to irritant reactions. Therefore, targeted patch testing series is necessary to better screen diapered infants for possible allergic PD...
December 20, 2016: Dermatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994834/lady-with-erotic-preference-for-diapers
#5
Zack Cernovsky, Yves Bureau
A patient in her 20s was referred to us for psychological assessment due to her depression and suicide attempts. She mentioned being anorgasmic except when diapered and emphasized her erotic preference for diapers. Her childhood included maternal deprivation in an impecunious family headed by an irritable physically disabled father on social assistance. Given the maternal deprivation in childhood, her erotic fixation on diapers parallels the emotional attachment to diapers observed by Harlow in mother deprived infant monkeys...
November 23, 2016: Mental Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978580/toilet-phobia-and-toilet-refusal-in-children
#6
Catharina Wagner, Justine Niemczyk, Alexander von Gontard
Objective: Toilet refusal syndrome (TRS) is a common disorder in toddlers, defined by use of diapers and refusal of toilet for defecation, while toilet phobia (TP) is a rare disorder in which toilets are avoided completely. Both disorders have not been described systematically in children, yet. Therefore, the aim was to present typical case vignettes illustrating different clinical presentations of TP and TRS. Methods: 5 typical cases were selected from all patients presented at a specialized outpatient clinic for incontinence at a tertiary university hospital during the last 3 years...
December 15, 2016: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911468/radical-cystectomy-and-cutaneous-ureterostomy-in-4-dogs-with-trigonal-transitional-cell-carcinoma-description-of-technique-and-case-series
#7
Rafael Ricardo Huppes, Leandro Z Crivellenti, Andrigo Barboza De Nardi, Bruno Roque Lima, Cristiane Alves Cintra, Jorge Luiz Costa Castro, Christopher A Adin
OBJECTIVE: To describe radical cystectomy followed by cutaneous ureterostomy as a treatment of invasive bladder neoplasia in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. ANIMALS: Client-owned dogs with transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder trigone (n=4). METHODS: Perioperative complications and long-term outcomes of dogs that underwent cutaneous ureterostomy following radical cystectomy and lymphadenectomy for transitional cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder trigone were reviewed...
December 1, 2016: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907243/an-optimized-centrifugal-method-for-separation-of-semen-from-superabsorbent-polymers-for-forensic-analysis
#8
Lucy R Camarena, Bailey K Glasscock, Demi Daniels, Nicolle Ackley, Marybeth Sciarretta, Sarah J Seashols-Williams
Connection of a perpetrator to a sexual assault is best performed through the confirmed presence of semen, thereby proving sexual contact. Evidentiary items can include sanitary napkins or diapers containing superabsorbent polymers (SAPs), complicating spermatozoa visualization and DNA analysis. In this report, we evaluated the impact of SAPS on the current forensic DNA workflow, developing an efficient centrifugal protocol for separating spermatozoa from SAP material. The optimized filtration method was compared to common practices of excising the top layer only, resulting in significantly higher sperm yields when a core sample of the substrate was taken...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900946/childhood-psoriasis
#9
Emmanuel Mahé
Psoriasis is a common chronic inflammatory skin disease. Recently, few data have been published on epidemiology, comorbidity, or therapy in children with psoriasis. Psoriasis affects up to 2% of children in Europe, even during the first months of life. The link between psoriasis and metabolic comorbidities has been highlighted, notably in relation to excessive weight and obesity. The clinical picture of psoriasis in childhood resembles adult disease, however, some clinical features are noteworthy: neonatal diaper rash is relatively specific, face involvement and guttate psoriasis are more common, plaques are often smaller, and scales are finer and softer than in adults...
December 1, 2016: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878785/lesions-requiring-wound-management-in-a-central-tertiary-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#10
Angéla Meszes, Gyula Tálosi, Krisztina Máder, Hajnalka Orvos, Lajos Kemény, Zsanett Renáta Csoma
BACKGROUND: Most of the skin disorders that occur in neonatal intensive care units are due in part to the immaturity and vulnerability of the neonatal skin. Various iatrogenic diagnostic and therapeutic procedures are also conducive to iatrogenic damage. This study was to review the neonates admitted to our neonatal intensive care unit who needed wound management, and to assess the most common skin injuries and wounds, and their aetiology. METHODS: Data were extracted from medical records of neonates who needed wound management in our Neonatal Intensive Care Unit between January 31, 2012 and January 31, 2013...
November 23, 2016: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789190/quantitative-analysis-of-organophosphate-insecticide-metabolites-in-urine-extracted-from-disposable-diapers-of-toddlers-in-japan
#11
Naoko Oya, Yuki Ito, Keisuke Hioki, Yuya Asai, Arisa Aoi, Yuka Sugiura, Jun Ueyama, Tomoko Oguri, Sayaka Kato, Takeshi Ebara, Michihiro Kamijima
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Epidemiological studies linking insecticide exposure to childhood neurodevelopment have been gaining global attention. Despite the rapid development of the central nervous system in early childhood, studies regarding the biological monitoring of insecticide exposure in diapered children are limited. In this study, we aimed to clarify the concentrations of organophosphate (OP) insecticide metabolites in toddler urine extracted from disposable diapers in Japan. METHODS: We recruited diapered children from the Aichi regional subcohort participants of the Japan Environment and Children's Study (JECS) at the time of their 18-month checkup...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771425/short-term-preoperative-high-intensity-interval-training-in-patients-awaiting-lung-cancer-surgery-a%C3%A2-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Marc Licker, Wolfram Karenovics, John Diaper, Isabelle Frésard, Frédéric Triponez, Christoph Ellenberger, Raoul Schorer, Bengt Kayser, Pierre-Olivier Bridevaux
INTRODUCTION: Impairment in aerobic fitness is a potential modifiable risk factor for postoperative complications. In this randomized controlled trial, we hypothesized that a high-intensity interval training (HIIT) program enhances cardiorespiratory fitness before lung cancer surgery and therefore reduces the risk of postoperative complications. METHODS: Patients with operable lung cancer were randomly assigned to usual care (UC) (n = 77) or preoperative rehabilitation based on HIIT (Rehab) (n = 74)...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704308/toxicants-in-folk-remedies-implications-of-elevated-blood-lead-in-an-american-born-infant-due-to-imported-diaper-powder
#13
Mateusz P Karwowski, Suzette A Morman, Geoffrey S Plumlee, Terence Law, Mark Kellogg, Alan D Woolf
Though most childhood lead exposure in the USA results from ingestion of lead-based paint dust, non-paint sources are increasingly implicated. We present interdisciplinary findings from and policy implications of a case of elevated blood lead (13-18 mcg/dL, reference level <5 mcg/dL) in a 9-month-old infant, linked to a non-commercial Malaysian folk diaper powder. Analyses showed the powder contains 62 % lead by weight (primarily lead oxide) and elevated antimony [1000 parts per million (ppm)], arsenic (55 ppm), bismuth (110 ppm), and thallium (31 ppm)...
October 4, 2016: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676112/infant-skin-care-products-what-are-the-issues
#14
Joanne McManus Kuller
BACKGROUND: Infant skin is susceptible to dryness and irritation from external factors, including topical skin care products not formulated for the infant's skin. This may increase the risk of contact dermatitis. Parents frequently express concern regarding potential harm from ingredients in skin care products and seek information. This is complicated by several skin care myths. PURPOSE: The purpose of this literature review was to provide evidence-based information to educate parents on the use of products for preterm and term infants...
October 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676111/extremely-preterm-infant-skin-care-a-transformation-of-practice-aimed-to-prevent-harm
#15
Deanna E Johnson
BACKGROUND: The skin of extremely preterm infants is underdeveloped and has poor barrier function. Skin maintenance interventions initiated in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) have immediate and lifelong implications when the potential for infection, allergen sensitization, and altered aesthetic outcomes are considered. In addition, the high-level medical needs of extremely preterm infants demand skin-level medical interventions that too often result in unintended skin harm. PURPOSE: We describe the use of a harm prevention, or consequence-centered, approach to skin care, which facilitates safer practice for extremely premature infants...
October 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676110/diaper-dermatitis-what-do-we-do-next
#16
Media Esser
Diaper dermatitis is a major issue among hospitalized infants, leading to increased medical costs, pain, risk for infection, and distress among patients and caregivers. An evidence-based algorithm for prevention and treatment of diaper dermatitis was developed and introduced in a level IV neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Two cases are discussed as examples of severe diaper dermatitis. The first case demonstrates the final case of severe diaper dermatitis since the introduction of the algorithm. The second case demonstrates a less severe, but equally frustrating, case of diaper dermatitis that occurred after the practice of using the algorithm was established...
October 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676107/skin-care-special-issue-diaper-dermatitis-and-extremely-preterm-infant-skin-care
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639793/single-stage-female-epispadias-repair-by-combined-infrasymphyseal-bladder-neck-plication-and-urethrogenitoplasty-a-novel-technique
#18
Sher Singh Yadav, Neeraj Agarwal, Sanjay Kumar, Vinay Tomar, Nachiket Vyas, Ramdayal Teli, Mohit Kumar Badgurjar, Manoj Kumar Bamaniya
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of infrasymphyseal bladder neck plication and suspension from the pubic bone along with urethrogenitoplasty as a single-stage procedure for treating isolated cases of female epispadias. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six patients with female epispadias having grade 3 urinary incontinence were treated through bladder neck plication and suspension from the pubic bone along with urethrogenitoplasty from December 2013 to March 2016. RESULTS: Of the 6 patients with a mean age of 5...
September 14, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27599710/different-risk-factors-for-infection-with-giardia-lamblia-assemblages-a-and-b-in-children-attending-day-care-centres
#19
R Pijnacker, L Mughini-Gras, M Heusinkveld, J Roelfsema, W van Pelt, T Kortbeek
Giardia lamblia is a major cause of diarrhoea in children, especially those attending day-care centres (DCCs). Only Giardia assemblages A and B infect humans. Given the lack of assemblage-specific epidemiological data, we aimed to identify risk factors for infection by assemblages A and B in DCC attendees. During 2010-2013, 5,015 faecal samples from ≤4-year-old children attending 40 DCCs participating in laboratory surveillance in the Netherlands were tested for Giardia using RT-PCR. Giardia-positive samples were typed for identification of assemblages A and B...
December 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580878/exposure-factor-considerations-for-safety-evaluation-of-modern-disposable-diapers
#20
Swatee Dey, Mike Purdon, Taryn Kirsch, HansMartin Helbich, Kenny Kerr, Lijuan Li, Shaoying Zhou
Modern disposable diapers are complex products and ubiquitous globally. A robust safety assessment for disposable diapers include two important exposure parameters, i) frequency of diaper use & ii) constituent transfer from diaper to skin from direct and indirect skin contact materials. This article uses published information and original studies to quantify the exposure parameters for diapers. Using growth tables for the first three years of diapered life, an average body weight of 10-11 kg can be calculated, with a 10th percentile for females (8...
November 2016: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
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