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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676853/miniaturized-matrix-solid-phase-dispersion-coupled-with-supramolecular-solvent-based-microextraction-for-the-determination-of-paraben-preservatives-in-cream-samples
#1
Elif Yıldız, Hasan Çabuk
An analytical method is presented for the determination of paraben preservatives in semi-solid cream samples by matrix solid-phase dispersion combined with supramolecular solvent-based microextraction. Due to the oily and sticky nature of the sample matrix, parabens were first extracted from the samples by matrix solid-phase dispersion using silica as sorbent material with a clean-up performed with tetrahydrofuran in the elution step. The eluate (500 μL), 1-decanol (120 μL) and water (4.4 mL) were then mixed in a polyethylene pipette to form supramolecular solvent...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661303/super-water-absorbing-polymeric-gel-from-chitosan-citric-acid-and-urea-synthesis-and-mechanism-of-water-absorption
#2
Abathodharanan Narayanan, Ravishankar Kartik, Elanchezhian Sangeetha, Raghavachari Dhamodharan
A new superabsorbent with maximum water absorption capacity of ∼1250 g/g is prepared by hydrothermal synthesis from sustainable and biodegradable resources such as chitosan, citric acid and urea (denoted as 'CHCAUR'). CHCAUR is characterized extensively by various analytical techniques such as PXRD, SSNMR, FTIR, and TGA. Pure and saline water absorption study showed that CHCAUR could be a better adsorbent compared to the super absorbent polymer (SAP) used in commercial diaper material. The mechanism of water absorption is shown to arise out of a combination of electrostatic attraction of water to the ionic crosslinks and the presence of macropores as well as undulated surface due to the formation of nanofibrous bundles...
July 1, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610180/blue-diaper-syndrome-and-pcsk1-mutations
#3
Felix Distelmaier, Diran Herebian, Claudia Atasever, Stefanie Beck-Woedl, Ertan Mayatepek, Tim M Strom, Tobias B Haack
Blue diaper syndrome (BDS) (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man number 211000) is an extremely rare disorder that was first described in 1964. The characteristic finding is a bluish discoloration of urine spots in the diapers of affected infants. Additional clinical features of the first described patients included diarrhea, inadequate weight gain, hypercalcemia, and nephrocalcinosis. An intestinal defect of tryptophan absorption was postulated as the underlying pathology. However, functional evidence for this theory is lacking...
April 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596733/skin-barrier-in-the-neonate
#4
Alain Taïeb
The purpose of this review is to focus on determinants of skin barrier function in neonates at molecular and cellular levels. The skin barrier is critical in terms of water and gas exchanges during fetal life and undergoes rapid changes at birth, followed by a progressive maturation. Consequences of skin barrier disruption can be extremely detrimental or lethal, as shown in severe genetic epidermal defects. In this context, the fine-tuned rapid adaptation from a liquid to a gaseous milieu is not fully understood...
March 2018: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596731/prevention-and-treatment-of-diaper-dermatitis
#5
Ulrike Blume-Peytavi, Varvara Kanti
Diaper dermatitis (DD) is one of the most common skin conditions that infants suffer from and their caregivers manage in the first months post-birth. As such, questions of effective prevention and treatment of the condition often arise. Nonmedical skincare practices that support healthy skin barrier function can prevent DD manifestation or alleviate the condition in many cases. The usage of barrier emollients and improved diaper technology contributes to keeping moisture and irritants away from an infant's delicate skin...
March 2018: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596730/differential-diagnoses-of-diaper-dermatitis
#6
Regina Fölster-Holst
Diaper dermatitis is the most common contact eczema present in early childhood. The main cause is an irritant reaction to urine and feces, which is facilitated by the occlusive conditions under the diaper, leading to hyperhydration of the stratum corneum (diaper dermatitis). In addition, diaper pressure and friction can increase the risk of skin inflammation, which also opens the skin up to other irritant agents, allergens, and infectious agents, such as candida albicans. However, a variety of diseases are associated with inflammation of the skin in the diaper region, therefore the term "diaper dermatitis" is merely descriptive and does not reflect anything about the etiopathogenesis...
March 2018: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564853/-self-supporting-care-model-for-older-adults
#7
Yen-Chun Lin, Lian-Hua Huang
Self-supporting care is an emerging concept in the geriatric care system of Taiwan. The traditional care model tends to prioritize aspects such as "safety" and "convenient and effective". For older adult patients, this situation has led to excessive restrictions, enforced bedrest, and the use of adult diapers, which seriously deteriorate quality of life. The present article introduces the development and current status of self-supporting care and international empirical research results from the perspective of holistic care for older adults as well as describes the intervention strategies that are currently used in Taiwan...
April 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559490/intertrigo-of-streptococcal-aetiology-a-different-kind-of-diaper-dermatitis
#8
Susana Castilho, Sofia Ferreira, Fabiana Fortunato, Sara Santos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525580/paraphilic-infantilism-diaperism-and-pedophilia-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Sunil M Doshi, Kalpesh Zanzrukiya, Lavlesh Kumar
Paraphilic disorders range from nearly normal behaviour to a behaviour which may be considered as destructive or menacing to the society at large. In accordance with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-V, the terms Paraphilia and Paraphilic disorders, denote different interpretations. Multiple paraphilias connected to childhood either directly or indirectly has been documented in scientific literature. Paraphilic Infantilism, Diaperism and Pedophilia constitute major portion among them. Paraphilic infantilism denotes paraphilic desire of being a baby...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519539/autonomic-dysfunction-in-neonates-with-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy-undergoing-therapeutic-hypothermia-impairs-physiological-responses-to-routine-care-events
#10
Heather Campbell, Rathinaswamy B Govindan, Srinivas Kota, Tareq Al-Shargabi, Marina Metzler, Nickie Andescavage, Taeun Chang, Gilbert Vezina, Adre du Plessis, An N Massaro
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy and evidence of autonomic dysfunction have aberrant physiological responses to care events that could contribute to evolving brain injury. STUDY DESIGN: Continuous tracings of heart rate (HR), blood pressure (BP), cerebral near infrared spectroscopy, and video electroencephalogram data were recorded from newborn infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy who were treated with hypothermia...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29493857/association-between-dehydration-on-admission-and-postoperative-complications-in-older-persons-undergoing-orthopaedic-surgery
#11
Helen Y L Chan, Anthony Cheng, Susana Cheung, Wai-Wah Pang, Wai-Yiu Ma, Long-Chau Mok, Wai-Kuen Wong, Diana T F Lee
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the prevalence of dehydration upon hospital admission and its association with postoperative complications in older persons undergoing orthopaedic surgery. BACKGROUND: Ageing-related physiological and pathological changes, as well as suboptimal care quality, can render older persons vulnerable to dehydration. However, few empirical studies have been conducted to examine the association between dehydration and care outcomes in this population...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464459/a-diaper-pad-for-diaper-based-urine-collection-and-colorimetric-screening-of-urinary-biomarkers
#12
Haakon Karlsen, Tao Dong, Zhenhe Suo
The high prevalence of urinary tract infection in aging adults is a challenging aspect of geriatric care. Incontinence and cognitive/functional impairment make collection of urine samples difficult and often require either catheterization for sample collection, which is a risk factor for infections, or more lenient criteria for initiating antibiotic treatment. We report the development of a diaper inlay with absorbent materials, superabsorbent polymer-based valve and chemical reaction pads for rapid screening of urinary tract infection of incontinent diaper-wearing elderly receivers of home care services...
May 2018: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438659/what-factors-are-associated-with-the-recovery-of-autonomy-after-a-hip-fracture-a-prospective-multicentric-cohort-study
#13
Mattia Morri, Paolo Chiari, Cristiana Forni, Antonella Orlandi Magli, Domenica Gazineo, Natalia Franchini, Lorenzo Marconato, Tiziana Giamboi, Andrea Cotti
OBJECTIVE: to identify the factors associated with recovering autonomy in the activities of daily living DESIGN: A prospective cohort study SETTING: The orthopedic and orthogeriatric departments of 2 regional hospitals PARTICIPANTS: Patients 65 years of age or older with a diagnosis of fragility hip fracture. There were 840 eligible patients. Forty-three patients were excluded and 55 were lost. Seven hundred and forty-two consecutive patients was enrolled at the time of hospitalization and 727 at follow-up...
February 10, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429768/are-senna-based-laxatives-safe-when-used-as-long-term-treatment-for-constipation-in-children
#14
Alejandra Vilanova-Sanchez, Alessandra C Gasior, Nicole Toocheck, Laura Weaver, Richard J Wood, Carlos A Reck, Andrea Wagner, Erin Hoover, Renae Gagnon, Jordon Jaggers, Tassiana Maloof, Onnalisa Nash, Charae Williams, Marc A Levitt
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Senna is a stimulant laxative commonly used by pediatricians, pediatric gastroenterologists, and pediatric surgeons. Many clinicians avoid Senna for reasons such as tolerance or side effects but this has little scientific justification. We recently found several patients we were caring for developed perineal blistering during the course of Senna treatment. Because of this we chose to review the literature to identify side effects in children taking this medication as well as to analyze our Center's experience with Senna's secondary effects...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428583/independent-risk-factors-for-the-development-of-incontinence-associated-dermatitis-category-2-in-critically-ill-patients-with-fecal-incontinence-a-cross-sectional-observational-study-in-48-icu-units
#15
Nele Van Damme, Els Clays, Sofie Verhaeghe, Ann Van Hecke, Dimitri Beeckman
BACKGROUND: Critically ill patients suffering from fecal incontinence have a major risk of developing incontinence-associated dermatitis (IAD). The presence of moisture and digestive enzymes (lipase, protease) negatively influences skin barrier function. Additional risk factors will make some patients even more vulnerable than others. In order to provide (cost) effective prevention, this specific patient population should be identified timely. OBJECTIVES: To identify independent risk factors for the development of IAD category 2 (skin loss) in critically ill patients with fecal incontinence...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412292/practice-of-use-of-diapers-in-hospitalized-adults-and-elderly-cross-sectional-study
#16
Graziele Ribeiro Bitencourt, Luise de Almeida Ferreira Alves, Rosimere Ferreira Santana
OBJECTIVE: analyze the practice of use of diapers in adults and elderly in hospital. METHOD: observational cross-sectional study, with a sample of 105 participants assigned according to the data collection period, from September 2013 to January 2014, in the surgical clinic wards in a University Hospital. RESULTS: it was observed that 38% of the 105 participants of the study did not need the use of diapers. 18% used it because they were disabled and 16% had their cognitive system damaged...
March 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364420/-multiresistance-and-factors-associated-with-the-presence-of-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamases-in-escherichia-coli-strains-isolated-from-urine-culture
#17
Milagros N Yábar, Berenice Curi-Pesantes, Carolina A Torres, Renzo Calderón-Anyosa, Maribel Riveros, Theresa J Ochoa
The empirical treatment of urinary infections is complicated by the presence of multiresistance and resistance to extendedspectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs). The objective of this study was to describe the patterns of antibiotic resistance of Escherichia coli strains isolated from urine cultures and the clinical-epidemiological factors associated with the presence of ESBLs in a pediatric and an adult group. A total of 353 strains were collected from the Emergency and Hospitalization Sector of the Cayetano Heredia Hospital over 14 months, and 45...
October 2017: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336853/updated-guidelines-on-infection-prevention-in-pediatric-ambulatory-settings
#18
Deborah L McBride
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recently released updated guidelines on infection control and prevention in pediatric outpatient settings. Key recommendations include mandatory influenza vaccination for all healthcare workers offered free to all staff, expanded guidance on infection control practices for children with cystic fibrosis, guidance on additional prevention procedures during community outbreaks of infectious diseases and recommendations on improving communication between healthcare facilities when referring potentially contagious patients...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324494/myocardial-protection-by-glucose-insulin-potassium-in-moderate-to-high-risk-patients-undergoing-elective-on-pump-cardiac-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Christoph Ellenberger, Tornike Sologashvili, Lukas Kreienbühl, Mustafa Cikirikcioglu, John Diaper, Marc Licker
BACKGROUND: Low cardiac output syndrome is a main cause of death after cardiac surgery. We sought to assess the impact of glucose-insulin-potassium (GIK) to enhance myocardial protection in moderate- to high-risk patients undergoing on-pump heart surgery. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was performed in adult patients (Bernstein-Parsonnet score >7) scheduled for elective aortic valve replacement and/or coronary artery bypass surgery. Patients were randomized to GIK (20 IU of insulin, 10 mEq of potassium chloride in 50 mL of glucose 40%) or saline infusion given over 60 minutes on anesthetic induction...
April 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319744/urinary-incontinence-in-hospital-patients-prevalence-and-associated-factors
#20
Jaqueline Betteloni Junqueira, Vera Lúcia Conceição de Gouveia Santos
OBJECTIVES: to analyze the prevalence of urinary incontinence and its associated factors in hospital patients. METHOD: this is a cross-sectional epidemiological study whose data were collected using the instruments Sociodemographic and Clinical Data, Characteristics of Urinary Leakage and International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire - Short Form. Prevalence was surveyed on a single day for four consecutive months. Data were analyzed using Chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, Student t-test, Mann-Whitney test and logistic regression (forward stepwise)...
January 8, 2018: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
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