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Quinolones

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453633/role-of-dna-gyrase-and-topoisomerase-iv-mutations-in-fluoroquinolone-resistance-of-capnocytophaga-spp-clinical-isolates-and-laboratory-mutants
#1
Elodie Ehrmann, Anne Jolivet-Gougeon, Martine Bonnaure-Mallet, Thierry Fosse
Objectives: Capnocytophaga spp. are often reported to cause bacteraemia and extra-oral infections and are characterized by their significant contribution to resistance to β-lactam and macrolide-lincosamide-streptogramin antibiotics in the human oral microbiota. The implication of mutations in the quinolone resistance-determining region (QRDR) of DNA gyrase A and B ( gyrA and gyrB ) and topoisomerase IV ( parC and parE ) of fluoroquinolone (FQ)-resistant Capnocytophaga spp., hitherto unknown, was explored in this study...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448954/copper-complexes-containing-thiosemicarbazones-derived-from-6-nitropiperonal-antimicrobial-and-biophysical-properties
#2
Floyd A Beckford, Kelsey R Webb
A series of four thiosemicarbazones from 6-nitropiperonal along with the corresponding copper complexes were synthesized. The biophysical characteristics of the complexes were investigated by the binding to DNA and human serum albumin. The binding to DNA is moderate; the binding constants run from (0.49-7.50)×10(4)M(-1). In relation to HSA, the complexes interact strongly with binding constants on the order of 10(5)M(-1). The complexes also display antioxidant behavior as determined by the ability to scavenge diphenylpicrylhydrazyl (dpph) and nitric oxide radicals...
April 20, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446339/progress-in-the-optimization-of-4-1h-quinolone-derivatives-as-antimalarials-targeting-the-erythrocytic-the-exoerythrocytic-and-the-transmitting-stages-of-the-malaria-parasite
#3
Fabian Brockmeyer, Roman Manetsch
Malaria is one of the leading infectious diseases occurring mainly in tropical and subtropical areas. Although available antimalarial tools have reduced the number of fatalities, there is still an urgent need for the development of new and more efficacious treatments to cure and eradicate malaria especially due to emerging resistance to all antimalarial drugs. Research was initiated to revisit antimalarial compounds which were deemed unsuitable as a result of poor understanding of physicochemical properties and the optimization thereof...
April 26, 2017: Chimia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445079/multiple-antimicrobial-resistance-and-novel-point-mutation-in-fluoroquinolone-resistant-escherichia-coli-isolates-from-mangalore-india
#4
Santhosh Kogaluru Shivakumaraswamy, Deekshit Vijaya Kumar, Venugopal Moleyuru Nagarajappa, Iddya Karunasagar, Indrani Karunasagar
Fluoroquinolone resistance in bacteria is usually associated with mutations in the topoisomerase regions. We report a novel point mutation in fluoroquinolone-resistant Escherichia coli strains. E. coli isolated from the environment in and around Mangalore, India, were examined for their antimicrobial resistance profile to 12 antibiotics and for the antibiotic resistance genes by polymerase chain reaction. Of the 67 E. coli isolated, 24 (35.8%) were sensitive to all antibiotics and 43 (64.2%) showed resistance to at least one of the 12 antibiotics used in the study...
April 26, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440458/role-of-the-cystathionine-%C3%AE-synthase-h2s-system-in-liver-cancer-cells-and-the-inhibitory-effect-of-quinolone-indolone-conjugate-qic2-on-the-system
#5
Huina Jia, Juan Ye, Jing You, Xiaoyan Shi, Wenyi Kang, Tianxiao Wang
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S), the third gasotransmitter, plays important roles in cancer biological processes. As endogenous H2S exerts pro-cancer functions, inhibition of its production in cancer cells may provide a new cancer treatment strategy and be achieved via regulation of the function of cystathionine β-synthase (CBS), one of the main metabolic enzymes synthesizing H2S. This enzyme plays important roles in the development and progression of colon and ovarian cancer, primarily regulating mitochondrial bioenergetics and accelerating cell cycle progression...
May 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438948/macrolide-and-quinolone-resistant-mycoplasma-genitalium-in-a-man-with-persistent-urethritis-the-tip-of-the-british-iceberg
#6
Suneeta Soni, Andy Parkhouse, Gillian Dean
There is growing concern worldwide for macrolide resistance in M. genitalium following liberal use of 1 g azithromycin to treat non-gonococcal urethritis and confirmed C. trachomatis infection. Moxifloxacin is the second-line treatment for M. genitalium and still has excellent efficacy against it. However, recent reports indicating that quinolone resistance is more prevalent than previously thought are worrying. Routine testing of symptomatic men and women for M. genitalium is not currently recommended in BASHH guidelines, and attempts to implement such testing have been hampered by a lack of commercially available assays...
April 24, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437685/rapid-label-free-identification-of-klebsiella-pneumoniae-antibiotic-resistant-strains-by-the-drop-coating-deposition-surface-enhanced-raman-scattering-method
#7
Youjin Cheong, Young Jin Kim, Heeyoon Kang, Samjin Choi, Hee Joo Lee
Although many methodologies have been developed to identify unknown bacteria, bacterial identification in clinical microbiology remains a complex and time-consuming procedure. To address this problem, we developed a label-free method for rapidly identifying clinically relevant multilocus sequencing typing-verified quinolone-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae strains. We also applied the method to identify three strains from colony samples, ATCC70063 (control), ST11 and ST15; these are the prevalent quinolone-resistant K...
April 20, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437229/quinolone-resistance-determinants-of-clinical-salmonella-enteritidis-in-thailand
#8
Fuangfa Utrarachkij, Chie Nakajima, Ruchirada Changkwanyeun, Kanokrat Siripanichgon, Siriporn Kongsoi, Srirat Pornruangwong, Kanjana Changkaew, Risa Tsunoda, Yutaka Tamura, Orasa Suthienkul, Yasuhiko Suzuki
Salmonella Enteritidis has emerged as a global concern regarding quinolone resistance and invasive potential. Although quinolone-resistant S. Enteritidis has been observed with high frequency in Thailand, information on the mechanism of resistance acquisition is limited. To elucidate the mechanism, a total of 158 clinical isolates of nalidixic acid (NAL)-resistant S. Enteritidis were collected throughout Thailand, and the quinolone resistance determinants were investigated in the context of resistance levels to NAL, norfloxacin (NOR), and ciprofloxacin (CIP)...
February 23, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437228/first-case-of-ndm-1-producing-klebsiella-pneumoniae-in-annaba-university-hospital-algeria
#9
Amel Abderrahim, Nassima Djahmi, Charlotte Pujol, Sabina Nedjai, Mohamed Cherif Bentakouk, Djamila Kirane-Gacemi, Mazouz Dekhil, Albert Sotto, Jean-Philippe Lavigne, Alix Pantel
AIM: The aim of this study was to characterize two carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates recovered from urine samples in a patient hospitalized at Annaba University hospital (Algeria) in 2014. RESULTS: Two K. pneumoniae isolates were studied because they proved resistant to almost all antibiotics tested with a high level resistance to ertapenem (minimum inhibitory concentration = 32 mg/L). The results of modified Hodge test and combined disk test (ROSCO Diagnostica, Taastrup, Denmark) were positive...
February 22, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436019/antibiotic-therapy-for-pelvic-inflammatory-disease
#10
REVIEW
Ricardo F Savaris, Daniele G Fuhrich, Rui V Duarte, Sebastian Franik, Jonathan Ross
BACKGROUND: Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection that affects 4% to 12% of young women, and is one of the most common causes of morbidity in this age group. The main intervention for acute PID is the use of broad-spectrum antibiotics which cover Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and anaerobic bacteria, administered intravenously, intramuscularly, or orally. In this review, we assessed the optimal treatment regimen for PID. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness and safety of antibiotic regimens used to treat pelvic inflammatory disease...
April 24, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431777/lomefloxacin
#11
Reem I Al-Wabli
Lomefloxacin is a second-generation difluorinated broad-spectrum quinolone antibiotic. It is used for the treatment of bronchitis, urinary tract infection, conjunctivitis, otitis externa, and otitis media. A comprehensive profile was performed on lomefloxacin including nomenclature, formulae, elemental composition appearance, and physical characteristics. Spectral methods including ultraviolet spectrum, vibrational spectrum, (1)H and (13)C nuclear magnetic resonance one- and two-dimensional spectra, and mass spectrum were used for both identification and analysis of the drug...
2017: Profiles of Drug Substances, Excipients, and related Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427794/occurrence-of-a-novel-class-1-integron-harboring-qnrvc4-in-salmonella-rissen
#12
Sirirat Luk-In, Chaiwat Pulsrikarn, Aroon Bangtrakulnonth, Tanittha Chatsuwan, Wanla Kulwichit
We described qnrVC4 in S. Rissen 166ANSS50, a swine isolate, which was detected in the study on quinolone resistance mechanisms of nontyphoidal Salmonella in Thailand. The isolate was found to harbor a ̴17-kb non-conjugative plasmid carrying qnrVC4 within 8.91kb of a novel In4-like class 1 integron (In805). It contained the multi-drug resistance gene cassettes of qnrVC4-qacH4-aacA4-cmlA7-blaOXA-10-aadA1-dfrA14 and unusual 3'-CS of mobC-IS6100. This 1014-bp qnrVC4 cassette included with promoter (PqnrVC4: -35 TTGAGA and -10 TAGTCT) showed high homology with qnrVC4 in superintegron of V...
March 31, 2017: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425875/occurrence-of-qnrb1-and-qnrb12-genes-mutation-in-gyra-and-ramr-and-expression-of-efflux-pumps-in-isolates-of-klebsiella-pneumoniae-carriers-of-blakpc-2
#13
Alexsandra Maria Lima Scavuzzi, Maria Amélia Vieira Maciel, Heloísa Ramos Lacerda de Melo, Luiz Carlos Alves, Fábio André Brayner, Ana Catarina Souza Lopes
PURPOSE: The occurrence of quinolone-resistance genes (qnrA, qnrB and qnrS), the presence of mutations in gyrA, gyrB and parC, as well as the expression of efflux pumps (acrB and acrF) and mutations in the gene ramR. METHODOLOGY: Were investigated in 30 blaKPC-2-positive isolates of Klebsiella pneumoniae taken from infection and colonization in hospital patients from Recife-PE, Brazil. The detection of the qnr, acrB and acrF genes and analysis of the mutations in ramR and the quinolone-resistance-determining regions of gyrA, gyrB and parC were performed by PCR followed by DNA sequencing...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425721/co-iii-catalyzed-enaminone-directed-c-h-amidation-for-quinolone-synthesis
#14
Pengfei Shi, Lili Wang, Kehao Chen, Jie Wang, Jin Zhu
We report herein the development of a Co(III)-catalyzed enaminone-directed C-H amidation method for synthetic access to quinolones, an important heterocyclic scaffold for diverse pharmaceutically active structures. The C-H coupling with dioxazolones and subsequent deacylation of an installed amide group allow consecutive C-N coupling generation of quinolones with wide-ranging compatible substituent patterns.
April 20, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425141/efficacy-of-helicobacter-pylori-eradication-therapies-in-korea-a-systematic-review-and-network-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Yoon Suk Jung, Chan Hyuk Park, Jung Ho Park, Eunwoo Nam, Hang Lak Lee
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of Helicobacter pylori eradication regimens may depend on the country where the studies were performed because of the difference in antibiotic resistance. We aimed to analyze the efficacy of H. pylori eradication regimens in Korea where clarithromycin resistance rate is high. METHODS: We searched for all relevant randomized controlled trials published until November 2016 that investigated the efficacy of H. pylori eradication therapies in Korea...
April 19, 2017: Helicobacter
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419869/allodemic-distribution-of-plasmids-co-harbouring-blactx-m-15-aac-6-ib-cr-qnrb-in-klebsiella-pneumoniae-is-the-main-source-of-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamases-in-uruguay-s-paediatric-hospital
#16
V Garcia-Fulgueiras, L Araujo, I Bado, N F Cordeiro, M I Mota, G Laguna, G Algorta, R Vignoli
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe the characteristics of clinical isolates of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing enterobacteria (EPE) in Uruguay's paediatric hospital. METHODS: ESBLs, qnr alleles and aac(6')-Ib-cr were sought and characterised in EPE isolated between March 2010 and March 2012. Transfer of resistance determinants was assessed by conjugation. Incompatibility (Inc) groups, plasmid toxin-antitoxin systems (TAS) and plasmid size were determined in transconjugants...
April 15, 2017: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418945/tendonitis-and-tendon-rupture-after-treatment-with-rituximab-a-case-series
#17
Ali Alqahtani, Marwa Sabha, Thaer Abdelfattah, Khaled Srour, Turki Dhayihi, Bashar Kahaleh, Nezam Altorok
CLINICAL DATA: Rituximab is a mouse/human chimeric anti-CD20 IgG1 monoclonal antibody used to treat cancer and autoimmune conditions. Side effects of rituximab include fever, rash, cytopenia and hypotension, back pain, arthralgia, and myalgia. Here, we report on 3 patients who developed moderate to severe tendonitis after the second infusion of rituximab. THERAPEUTIC CHALLENGE: We report 3 patients who developed tendonitis after the second infusion of rituximab...
April 14, 2017: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417702/quinolone-resistance-associated-amino-acid-substitutions-affect-enzymatic-activity-of-mycobacterium-leprae-dna-gyrase
#18
Tomoyuki Yamaguchi, Kazumasa Yokoyama, Chie Nakajima, Yasuhiko Suzuki
Quinolones are important antimicrobials for treatment of leprosy, a chronic infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae. Although it is well known that mutations in DNA gyrase are responsible for quinolone resistance, the effect of those mutations on the enzymatic activity is yet to be studied in depth. Hence, we conducted in vitro assays to observe supercoiling reactions of wild type and mutated M. leprae DNA gyrases. DNA gyrase with amino acid substitution Ala91Val possessed the highest activity among the mutants...
April 18, 2017: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415741/enhancement-of-radiosensitivity-by-the-novel-anticancer-quinolone-derivative-vosaroxin-in-preclinical-glioblastoma-models
#19
Giovanni Luca Gravina, Andrea Mancini, Claudia Mattei, Flora Vitale, Francesco Marampon, Alessandro Colapietro, Giulia Rossi, Luca Ventura, Antonella Vetuschi, Ernesto Di Cesare, Judith A Fox, Claudio Festuccia
PURPOSE: Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most aggressive brain tumor. The activity of vosaroxin, a first-in-class anticancer quinolone derivative that intercalates DNA and inhibits topoisomerase II, was investigated in GBM preclinical models as a single agent and combined with radiotherapy (RT). RESULTS: Vosaroxin showed antitumor activity in clonogenic survival assays, with IC50 of 10-100 nM, and demonstrated radiosensitization. Combined treatments exhibited significantly higher γH2Ax levels compared with controls...
March 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414572/molecular-characterization-of-fluoroquinolone-resistant-haemophilus-parainfluenzae-clinical-isolates-in-spain
#20
Inmaculada López-Hernández, Jesús Machuca, Paula Díaz de Alba, Carolina Sarvisé, Frederic Gómez, José Manuel Rodríguez-Martínez, Alvaro Pascual
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to characterize a group of clinical isolates of fluoroquinolone-resistant Haemophilus parainfluenzae collected in Northern Spain (March-December 2014). METHODS: Twelve clinical isolates of H. parainfluenzae were studied by performing antimicrobial susceptibility testing and PCR amplification and nucleotide sequencing of the QRDR (quinolone resistance-determining region) of gyrA, parC, gyrB, and parE genes. Screening for plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) was also studied...
April 17, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
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