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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994650/cdk9-dependent-rna-polymerase-ii-pausing-controls-transcription-initiation
#1
Saskia Gressel, Björn Schwalb, Tim Michael Decker, Weihua Qin, Heinrich Leonhardt, Dirk Eick, Patrick Cramer
Gene transcription can be activated by decreasing the duration of RNA polymerase II pausing in the promoter-proximal region, but how this is achieved remains unclear. Here we use a 'multi-omics' approach to demonstrate that the duration of polymerase pausing generally limits the productive frequency of transcription initiation in human cells ('pause-initiation limit'). We further engineer a human cell line to allow for specific and rapid inhibition of the P-TEFb kinase CDK9, which is implicated in polymerase pause release...
October 10, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987604/discovery-and-synthesis-of-novel-wogonin-derivatives-with-potent-antitumor-activity-in%C3%A2-vitro
#2
Jubo Wang, Raoling Ge, Xiaqiu Qiu, Xi Xu, Libin Wei, Zhiyu Li, Jinlei Bian
Phenotypic screening of high quality compound library is one of the most effective strategy to obtain novel bioactive compounds. Recently, our group have constructed a Wogonin-scaffold library with substituents diversity and successfully obtained a series of potent compounds. Herein, we reported the synthesis of these compounds and evaluated the in vitro antitumor activity against a panel of human tumor cell lines. Most of them showed good activity with a broad spectrum and preliminary structure-activity relationship for the substitutions were obtained...
September 22, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961375/identification-of-atuveciclib-bay-1143572-the-first-highly-selective-clinical-ptefb-cdk9-inhibitor-for-the-treatment-of-cancer
#3
Ulrich Lücking, Arne Scholz, Philip Lienau, Gerhard Siemeister, Dirk Kosemund, Rolf Bohlmann, Hans Briem, Ildiko Terebesi, Kirstin Meyer, Katja Prelle, Karsten Denner, Ulf Boemer, Martina Schäfer, Knut Eis, Ray Valencia, Stuart Ince, Franz von Nussbaum, Dominik Mumberg, Karl Ziegelbauer, Bert Klebl, A Choidas, Peter Nussbaumer, M Baumann, Carsten Schultz-Fademrecht, Gerd Rühter, Jan Eickhoff, Michael Brands
Selective inhibition of exclusively transcription-regulating PTEFb/CDK9 is a promising new approach in cancer therapy. Starting from lead compound BAY-958, lead optimization efforts strictly focusing on kinase selectivity, physicochemical and DMPK properties finally led to the identification of the orally available clinical candidate atuveciclib (BAY 1143572). Structurally characterized by an unusual benzyl sulfoximine group, BAY 1143572 exhibited the best overall profile in vitro and in vivo, including high efficacy and good tolerability in xenograft models in mice and rats...
September 29, 2017: ChemMedChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954229/microprocessor-recruitment-to-elongating-rna-polymerase-ii-is-required-for-differential-expression-of-micrornas
#4
Victoria A Church, Sigal Pressman, Mamiko Isaji, Mary Truscott, Nihal Terzi Cizmecioglu, Stephen Buratowski, Maxim V Frolov, Richard W Carthew
The cellular abundance of mature microRNAs (miRNAs) is dictated by the efficiency of nuclear processing of primary miRNA transcripts (pri-miRNAs) into pre-miRNA intermediates. The Microprocessor complex of Drosha and DGCR8 carries this out, but it has been unclear what controls Microprocessor's differential processing of various pri-miRNAs. Here, we show that Drosophila DGCR8 (Pasha) directly associates with the C-terminal domain of the RNA polymerase II elongation complex when it is phosphorylated by the Cdk9 kinase (pTEFb)...
September 26, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940993/mir-206-inhibits-the-growth-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells-via-targeting-cdk9
#5
Chi Pang, Gang Huang, Kaili Luo, Yuying Dong, Fengtian He, Guankui Du, Man Xiao, Wangwei Cai
miR-206 plays an important role in regulating the growth of multiple cancer cells. Cyclin-dependent kinase 9 (CDK9) stimulates the production of abundant prosurvival proteins, leading to impaired apoptosis of cancer cells. However, it is unknown whether CDK9 is involved in the miR-206-mediated growth suppression of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. In this study, we found that the expression level of miR-206 was significantly lower in HCC cell lines than that in normal hepatic cell line (L02). Meanwhile, CDK9 was upregulated in HCC cell lines...
September 21, 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938651/positive-transcription-elongation-factor-b-p-tefb-is-a-therapeutic-target-in-human-multiple-myeloma
#6
Yu Zhang, Liang Zhou, Yun Leng, Yun Dai, Robert Z Orlowski, Steven Grant
The role of the positive RNA Pol II regulator, P-TEFb (positive transcription elongation factor b), in maintenance of the anti-apoptotic protein Mcl-1 and bortezomib (btz) resistance was investigated in human multiple myeloma (MM) cells. Mcl-1 was up-regulated in all MM lines tested, including bortezomib-resistant lines, human MM xenograft mouse models, and primary CD138(+) MM cells. Mcl-1 over-expression significantly reduced bortezomib lethality, indicating a functional role for Mcl-1 in bortezomib resistance...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935119/effects-of-cdk-inhibitors-on-the-maturation-transcription-and-mpf-activity-of-porcine-oocytes
#7
Reza K Oqani, Tao Lin, Jae Eun Lee, So Yeon Kim, Jung Won Kang, Dong Il Jin
In mammals, cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) are involved in regulating both the cell cycle and transcription. Although CDK1 is known to act as the kinase subunit of maturation-promoting factor (MPF), the roles of the other CDKs in mammalian oocyte maturation are not yet understood. Here, we show that inhibition of various CDKs by small molecule inhibitors has different effects on the maturation and transcriptional activity of pig oocytes in vitro. Inhibition of CDK1 did not significantly affect cumulus cell expansion, but its kinase activity was necessary for germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD)...
September 18, 2017: Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930680/systematic-kinase-inhibitor-profiling-identifies-cdk9-as-a-synthetic-lethal-target-in-nut-midline-carcinoma
#8
Johannes Brägelmann, Marcel A Dammert, Felix Dietlein, Johannes M Heuckmann, Axel Choidas, Stefanie Böhm, André Richters, Debjit Basu, Verena Tischler, Carina Lorenz, Peter Habenberger, Zhizhou Fang, Sandra Ortiz-Cuaran, Frauke Leenders, Jan Eickhoff, Uwe Koch, Matthäus Getlik, Martin Termathe, Muhammad Sallouh, Zoltán Greff, Zoltán Varga, Hyatt Balke-Want, Christopher A French, Martin Peifer, H Christian Reinhardt, László Örfi, György Kéri, Sascha Ansén, Lukas C Heukamp, Reinhard Büttner, Daniel Rauh, Bert M Klebl, Roman K Thomas, Martin L Sos
Kinase inhibitors represent the backbone of targeted cancer therapy, yet only a limited number of oncogenic drivers are directly druggable. By interrogating the activity of 1,505 kinase inhibitors, we found that BRD4-NUT-rearranged NUT midline carcinoma (NMC) cells are specifically killed by CDK9 inhibition (CDK9i) and depend on CDK9 and Cyclin-T1 expression. We show that CDK9i leads to robust induction of apoptosis and of markers of DNA damage response in NMC cells. While both CDK9i and bromodomain inhibition over time result in reduced Myc protein expression, only bromodomain inhibition induces cell differentiation and a p21-induced cell-cycle arrest in these cells...
September 19, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878233/a-chalcone-derivative-reactivates-latent-hiv-1-transcription-through-activating-p-tefb-and-promoting-tat-sec-interaction-on-viral-promoter
#9
Jun Wu, Ming-Tao Ao, Rui Shao, Hui-Ru Wang, Diao Yu, Mei-Juan Fang, Xiang Gao, Zhen Wu, Qiang Zhou, Yu-Hua Xue
The principal barrier to the eradication of HIV/AIDS is the existence of latent viral reservoirs. One strategy to overcome this barrier is to use latency-reversing agents (LRAs) to reactivate the latent proviruses, which can then be eliminated by effective anti-retroviral therapy. Although a number of LRAs have been found to reactivate latent HIV, they have not been used clinically due to high toxicity and poor efficacy. In this study, we report the identification of a chalcone analogue called Amt-87 that can significantly reactivate the transcription of latent HIV provirses and act synergistically with known LRAs such as prostratin and JQ1 to reverse latency...
September 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860322/cdk9-inhibition-for-atl-therapy
#10
Ali Bazarbachi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 31, 2017: Blood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859059/phase-1-safety-pharmacokinetic-and-pharmacodynamic-study-of-the-cyclin-dependent-kinase-inhibitor-dinaciclib-administered-every-three-weeks-in-patients-with-advanced-malignancies
#11
Monica M Mita, Alain C Mita, Jennifer L Moseley, Jennifer Poon, Karen A Small, Ying-Ming Jou, Paul Kirschmeier, Da Zhang, Yali Zhu, Paul Statkevich, Kamelesh K Sankhala, John Sarantopoulos, James M Cleary, Lucian R Chirieac, Scott J Rodig, Rajat Bannerji, Geoffrey I Shapiro
BACKGROUND: Dinaciclib is a potent inhibitor of cell cycle and transcriptional cyclin-dependent kinases. This Phase 1 study evaluated the safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics of various dosing schedules of dinaciclib in advanced solid tumour patients and assessed Pharmacodynamic and preliminary anti-tumour activity. METHODS: In part 1, patients were enrolled in escalating cohorts of 2-h infusions administered once every 3 weeks, utilising an accelerated titration design until a recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) was defined...
August 31, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855816/identification-of-novel-inhibitors-against-cyclin-dependent-kinase-9-cyclin-t1-complex-as-anti-cancer-agent
#12
Afzal Hussain, Chandan Kumar Verma, Usha Chouhan
Cell cycle consists of different types of phases, transition from G1, S, G2, M. Inhibition of associated CDKs like CDK9/Cyclin T1 complex, which are indirectly involved in the Cell cycle progression in the form of transcription elongation, reduces diverse diseases such as Cardiac Hypertrophy, Alzheimer's, Cancer, AIDS and Inflammation. Glide tool of the Schrodinger software has been used for performing Structure Based Virtual Screening and Docking against Drug Bank and MDPI database. The best hits were identified which go and bind in the active site of the target where ATP binds for the activity...
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827286/anti-cancer-drug-hmba-acts-as-an-adjuvant-during-intracellular-bacterial-infections-by-inducing-type-i-ifn-through-sting
#13
Akshamal Mihiranga Gamage, Kok-Onn Lee, Yunn-Hwen Gan
The anti-proliferative agent hexamethylene bisacetamide (HMBA) belongs to a class of hybrid bipolar compounds developed more than 30 y ago for their ability to induce terminal differentiation of transformed cells. Recently, HMBA has also been shown to trigger HIV transcription from latently infected cells, via a CDK9/HMBA inducible protein-1 dependent process. However, the effect of HMBA on the immune response has not been explored. We observed that pretreatment of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells with HMBA led to a markedly increased production of IL-12 and IFN-γ, but not of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-8 upon subsequent infection with Burkholderia pseudomallei and Salmonella enterica HMBA treatment was also associated with better intracellular bacterial control...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817720/targeting-of-cdk9-with-indirubin-3-monoxime-safely-and-durably-reduces-hiv-viremia-in-chronically-infected-humanized-mice
#14
Sandra Medina-Moreno, Thomas C Dowling, Juan C Zapata, Nhut M Le, Edward Sausville, Joseph Bryant, Robert R Redfield, Alonso Heredia
Successful propagation of HIV in the human host requires entry into a permissive cell, reverse transcription of viral RNA, integration into the human genome, transcription of the integrated provirus, and assembly/release of new virus particles. Currently, there are antiretrovirals against each of these viral steps, except for provirus transcription. An inhibitor of HIV transcription could both increase potency of treatment and suppress drug-resistant strains. Cellular cyclin-dependent kinase 9 (CDK9) serves as a cofactor for the HIV Tat protein and is required for effective transcription of the provirus...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768201/human-tfiih-kinase-cdk7-regulates-transcription-associated-chromatin-modifications
#15
Christopher C Ebmeier, Benjamin Erickson, Benjamin L Allen, Mary A Allen, Hyunmin Kim, Nova Fong, Jeremy R Jacobsen, Kaiwei Liang, Ali Shilatifard, Robin D Dowell, William M Old, David L Bentley, Dylan J Taatjes
CDK7 phosphorylates the RNA polymerase II (pol II) C-terminal domain CTD and activates the P-TEFb-associated kinase CDK9, but its regulatory roles remain obscure. Here, using human CDK7 analog-sensitive (CDK7as) cells, we observed reduced capping enzyme recruitment, increased pol II promoter-proximal pausing, and defective termination at gene 3' ends upon CDK7 inhibition. We also noted that CDK7 regulates chromatin modifications downstream of transcription start sites. H3K4me3 spreading was restricted at gene 5' ends and H3K36me3 was displaced toward gene 3' ends in CDK7as cells...
August 1, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754981/cyclin-dependent-kinase-9-is-required-for-the-survival-of-adult-drosophila-melanogaster-glia
#16
Lynette C Foo
Neuronal and glial progenitor cells exist in the adult Drosophila brain. The primarily glial progenitor cells rely on a microRNA, mir-31a, to inhibit the expression of a predicted E3 ubiquitin ligase, CG16947. Erroneous inheritance of CG16947 by the progeny when the neural progenitor cell divides leads to death of the progeny, however how CG16947 achieves glial cell death is unknown. I have identified the interacting partner of CG16947 to be cdk9. I show that reduction of cdk9 expression in glia causes glial loss; highlighting the importance of cdk9 in mediating the survival of glia...
July 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743741/cdk9-and-spt5-proteins-are-specifically-required-for-expression-of-herpes-simplex-virus-1-replication-dependent-late-genes
#17
Zhiyuan Zhao, Ka-Wei Tang, Isabella Muylaert, Tore Samuelsson, Per Elias
DNA replication greatly enhances expression of the herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) γ2 late genes by still unknown mechanisms. Here, we demonstrate that 5,6-dichloro-1-β-d-ribofuranosylbenzimidazole (DRB), an inhibitor of CDK9, suppresses expression of γ2 late genes with an IC50 of 5 μm, which is at least 10 times lower than the IC50 value required for inhibition of expression of early genes. The effect of DRB could not be explained by inhibition of DNA replication per se or loading of RNA polymerase II to late promoters and subsequent reduction of transcription...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722178/cdk9-a-key-player-in-cancer-and-other-diseases
#18
Lia Carolina Franco, Fátima Morales, Silvia Boffo, Antonio Giordano
Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 9 (CDK9) is part of a functional diverse group of enzymes responsible for cell cycle control and progression. It associates mainly with Cyclin T1 and forms the Positive Transcription Elongation Factor b (p-TEFb) complex responsible for regulation of transcription elongation and mRNA maturation. Recent studies have highlighted the importance of CDK9 in many relevant pathologic processes, like cancer, cardiovascular diseases and viral replication. Herein we provide an overview of the different pathways in which CDK9 is directly and indirectly involved...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714472/targeting-the-differential-addiction-to-anti-apoptotic-bcl-2-family-for-cancer-therapy
#19
Akane Inoue-Yamauchi, Paul S Jeng, Kwanghee Kim, Hui-Chen Chen, Song Han, Yogesh Tengarai Ganesan, Kota Ishizawa, Sylvia Jebiwott, Yiyu Dong, Maria C Pietanza, Matthew D Hellmann, Mark G Kris, James J Hsieh, Emily H Cheng
BCL-2 family proteins are central regulators of mitochondrial apoptosis and validated anti-cancer targets. Using small cell lung cancer (SCLC) as a model, we demonstrated the presence of differential addiction of cancer cells to anti-apoptotic BCL-2, BCL-XL or MCL-1, which correlated with the respective protein expression ratio. ABT-263 (navitoclax), a BCL-2/BCL-XL inhibitor, prevented BCL-XL from sequestering activator BH3-only molecules (BH3s) and BAX but not BAK. Consequently, ABT-263 failed to kill BCL-XL-addicted cells with low activator BH3s and BCL-XL overabundance conferred resistance to ABT-263...
July 17, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701053/microrna-613-inhibits-the-progression-of-gastric-cancer-by-targeting-cdk9
#20
Yebin Lu, Ling Tang, Qi Zhang, Zhipeng Zhang, Wei Wei
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in the development and progression of human malignancy. miR-613, as a tumour suppressor, was reported to decrease in several tumours. However, the expression levels and role of miR-613 in gastric cancer remain unknown. In this study, we found that miR-613 was evidently downregulated in gastric cancer tissue and cell. The functional analysis showed that miR-613 suppressed cell proliferation and migration in gastric cancer. Next, the dual-luciferase reporter system supported CDK9 as a direct target gene of miR-613...
July 13, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
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