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Stefan Dhein, Pascal M Dohmen, Matthias Sauer, Julia Tews, Johannes Weickmann, Anne-Kathrin Funkat, Martin Misfeld, Michael A Borger, Friedrich W Mohr
BACKGROUND There is a long-standing debate about the role of beta-adrenoceptor polymorphisms in the cardiovascular system. We wanted to elucidate whether β1-adrenoceptor-polymorphisms affects the postoperative catecholamine consumption and the length of intermediate care unit stay in patients undergoing cardiac surgery, and whether this might be enhanced or attenuated by catechol-O-methyl-transferase (COMT) polymorphism. MATERIAL AND METHODS We included 116 patients (63±1.2 years; 34% females; 81±1 kg) undergoing cardiac surgery...
May 19, 2017: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
Robert Root-Bernstein
RATIONALE: Molecular mimicry theory (MMT) suggests that epitope mimicry between pathogens and human proteins can activate autoimmune disease. Group A streptococci (GAS) mimics human cardiac myosin in rheumatic heart disease (RHD) and coxsackie viruses (CX) mimic actin in autoimmune myocarditis (AM). But myosin and actin are immunologically inaccessible and unlikely initial targets. Extracellular cardiac proteins that mimic GAS and CX would be more likely. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether extracellular cardiac proteins such as coxsackie and adenovirus receptor (CAR), beta 1 adrenergic receptor (B1AR), CD55/DAF, laminin, and collagen IV mimic GAS, CX, and/or cardiac myosin or actin...
2014: Frontiers in Pediatrics
J Garcia-Prieto, R Fernandez-Jimenez, V Sreeramkumar, I G Lunar, D Sanz-Rosa, V Zorita, G Pizarro, A Hidalgo, V Fuster, B Ibanez
BACKGROUND: We have shown that pre-reperfusion metoprolol reduces infarct size in humans (METOCARD-CNIC trial). Preclinical data suggest that this strategy reduces myocardial neutrophil infiltration. Here we evaluated the potential involvement of circulating cells in the cardioprotection afforded by metoprolol. METHODS: WT and b1AR-KO mice were subjected to myocardial IRI (45min/24h Ischemia/Reperfusion). Ten minutes before reperfusion, animals were randomized to receive either i...
July 15, 2014: Cardiovascular Research
Raja K Sivamani, Biao Shi, Elizabeth Griffiths, Shirley M Vu, Hadar A Lev-Tov, Sara Dahle, Marianne Chigbrow, Thi Dinh La, Chelcy Mashburn, Thomas R Peavy, R Rivkah Isseroff
Keratinocyte migration is critical for wound re-epithelialization. Previous studies showed that epinephrine activates the beta2-adrenergic receptor (B2AR), impairing keratinocyte migration. Here, we investigated the keratinocyte catecholamine synthetic pathway in response to acute trauma. Cultured keratinocytes were scratch wounded and expression levels of the B2AR and catecholamine synthetic enzymes tyrosine hydroxylase and phenylethanolamine-N-methyltransferase were assayed. The binding affinity of the B2AR was measured...
August 2014: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
Barbara Szepietowska, Wanling Zhu, Owen Chan, Adam Horblitt, James Dziura, Robert S Sherwin
OBJECTIVE: Norepinephrine is locally released into the ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH), a key brain glucose-sensing region in the response to hypoglycemia. As a result, this neurotransmitter may play a role in modulating counterregulatory responses. This study examines whether norepinephrine acts to promote glucose counterregulation via specific VMH β-adrenergic receptors (BAR). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Awake male Sprague-Dawley rats received, via implanted guide cannulae, bilateral VMH microinjections of 1) artificial extracellular fluid, 2) B2AR agonist, or 3) B2AR antagonist...
December 2011: Diabetes
Patrice Jaillon, Tabassome Simon
The genetic polymorphism of beta-2 adrenergic receptors (B2AR) could play a major role in the prognostic of patients with a coronary heart disease. Two recent epidemiological studies could support this hypothesis. In 597 patients treated by a beta-blocker and followed for 3 years after a myocardial infarction or an acute coronary syndrome, the death rate was 5.4 times higher in homozygous Arg 16 and Gln 27 B2AR genotypes than in heterozygous or homozygous Gly 16 and Glu 27 B2AR genotypes. The beta-1 adrenergic receptor (B1AR) genetic polymorphism did not modify mortality...
January 2007: Thérapie
A S Hanson, S L Linas
The adrenergic system is important in regulating proximal tubule sodium reabsorption. Although alpha-adrenergic receptors have been identified in proximal tubules, the presence and function of beta-adrenergic receptors (BAR) in proximal tubules is less certain. The purpose of our study was to determine whether functional BAR are present on apical or basolateral surfaces of proximal tubule epithelial cells (PTEC) of rat kidney. We specifically focused on BAR coupling to adenylate cyclase and on differences between requirements for apical and basolateral receptor coupling to adenylate cyclase...
April 1995: American Journal of Physiology
M Yahagi, T Honda, K Mizumachi, S Tezuka, K Okada
We investigated alterations in myocardial beta- and beta 1-adrenergic receptor (BAR and B1AR) number during hyperdynamic state induced by endotoxin or cytokines. [METHODS] Twenty-nine Japanese White rabbits were divided into 2 groups. Hearts were removed 18 h after intraperitoneal administration of sterile saline (SAL) or E. coli endotoxin (LPS; 50 micrograms/kg) (Group E, n = 12), or 3 h after intravenous injection of SAL or cytokines (interleukin 1-beta; 5 micrograms/kg followed by 25 ng/kg/min for 2 h, or tumor necrosis factor; 5 micrograms/kg) (Group C, n = 17)...
December 1991: Kokyu to Junkan. Respiration & Circulation
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