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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153787/the-society-of-thoracic-surgeons-national-database-2017-annual-report
#1
Jeffrey P Jacobs, David M Shahian, Richard S D'Agostino, Marshall L Jacobs, Benjamin D Kozower, Vinay Badhwar, Vinod H Thourani, Henning A Gaissert, Felix G Fernandez, Richard L Prager
The Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) National Database has three major component databases: the STS Adult Cardiac Surgery Database (ACSD), the STS Congenital Heart Surgery Database (CHSD), and the STS General Thoracic Surgery Database (GTSD). Beginning in January 2016, The Annals of Thoracic Surgery began publishing a monthly series of scholarly articles on outcomes analysis, quality improvement, and patient safety. This article summarizes the status of the STS National Database as of October 2017 and summarizes the articles about the STS National Database that appeared in The Annals of Thoracic Surgery 2017 series "Outcomes Analysis, Quality Improvement, and Patient Safety...
December 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985668/from-the-annals-of-weill-cornell-neurological-surgery
#2
Philip E Stieg, Paolo Cappabianca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953741/trends-frequency-and-nature-of-surgeon-reported-conflicts-of-interest-in-plastic-surgery
#3
REVIEW
Joseph Lopez, Leila Musavi, Amy Quan, Nicholas Calotta, Ilona Juan, Angela Park, Anthony P Tufaro, James W May, Amir H Dorafshar
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify types and trends in industry sponsorship of plastic surgery research since the establishment of conflict-of-interest reporting policies in plastic surgery. METHODS: The authors analyzed the frequency and types of self-reported conflicts of interest in the plastic surgery literature since the adoption of reporting policies in 2007. All original articles that met the authors' inclusion criteria and were published in the following three journals from 2008 to 2013 were included: Annals of Plastic Surgery, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, and Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery...
October 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930781/is-article-methodological-quality-associated-with-conflicts-of-interest-an-analysis-of-the-plastic-surgery-literature
#4
Brian H Cho, Joseph Lopez, Jessica Means, Sandra Lopez, Jacqueline Milton, Anthony P Tufaro, James W May, Amir H Dorafshar
PURPOSE: Conflicts of interest (COI) are an emerging area of discussion within the field of plastic surgery. Recently, several reports have found that research studies that disclose COI are associated with publication of positive outcomes. We hypothesize that this association is driven by higher-quality studies receiving industry funding. This study aimed to investigate the association between industry support and study methodological quality. METHODS: We reviewed all entries in Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Annals of Plastic Surgery, and Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive, and Aesthetic Surgery within a 1-year period encompassing 2013...
December 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760706/impact-of-the-process-guideline-on-the-reporting-of-surgical-case-series-a-before-and-after-study
#5
R A Agha, M R Borrelli, R Farwana, T Kusu-Orkar, M C Millip, R Thavayogan, J Garner, N Darhouse, D P Orgill
INTRODUCTION: The PROCESS guideline was developed in 2016 through expert Delphi consensus. It aimed to improve the quality of reporting of surgical case series. This study assessed the impact of the introduction of the PROCESS guideline on reporting for surgical case series submitted to three journals. METHODS: 20 case series published in the International Journal of Surgery Case Reports (IJSCR), the International Journal of Surgery (IJS) or the Annals of Medicine and Surgery (AMS) in September to December 2016, prior to the introduction of the PROCESS guideline (the pre-PROCESS period), were randomly identified and scored against the PROCESS criteria...
July 29, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757396/impact-of-the-scare-guideline-on-the-reporting-of-surgical-case-reports-a-before-and-after-study
#6
R A Agha, R Farwana, M R Borrelli, T Tickunas, T Kusu-Orkar, M C Millip, R Thavayogan, J Garner, D P Orgill
INTRODUCTION: The SCARE guideline was developed in 2016 through an expert Delphi consensus exercise. It aimed to improve the quality of reporting of surgical case reports. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of introducing the SCARE guideline for surgical on reporting of case reports submitted to a single journal. METHODS: A total of 20 case reports published in the International Journal of Surgery Case Reports (IJSCR) and Annals of Medicine and Surgery (AMS) in July and August 2016, prior to the introduction of the SCARE guideline (the pre-SCARE period), were randomly identified and scored against the SCARE criteria...
July 28, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718304/the-role-of-surgery-in-low-grade-gliomas-do-timing-and-extent-of-resection-matter
#7
Hugues Duffau
Hugues Duffau is a Professor and Chairman of the Neurosurgery Department in the Montpellier University Medical Center and Head of the INSERM 1051 Team "plasticity of the central nervous system, human stem cells and glial tumors" at the Institute for Neurosciences of Montpellier (France). He is an expert in the awake cognitive neurosurgery of slow-growing brain tumors, such as low-grade gliomas, a routine which he has developed since 20 years. His fundamental approach is centered on the concepts of the brain connectomics and neuroplasticity, breaking with the traditional localizationist view of cerebral processing...
July 18, 2017: CNS Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625821/the-use-of-study-registration-and-protocols-in-plastic-surgery-research-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Thomas Edward Pidgeon, Christopher Limb, Riaz A Agha, Katharine Whitehurst, Charmilie Chandrakumar, Georgina Wellstead, Alexander J Fowler, Dennis P Orgill
BACKGROUND: In 2013, the Declaration of Helsinki changed to mandate that all research studies involving human subjects, rather than just clinical trials alone, must have a protocol registered in a publicly accessible database prior to the enrolment of the first patient. The objective of this work was to assess the number of research studies involving human participants published in leading journals of plastic surgery that had either published a protocol or registered a protocol with a publicly accessible database...
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534382/meta-meta-analysis-a-paradigm-in-the-case-of-surgical-publications
#9
Georgios C Sotiropoulos, Nikolaos Machairas, Stylianos Kykalos, Paraskevas Stamopoulos, Anastasia Prodromidou, Athanasios Katsargyris
PURPOSE: Meta-analyses are considered to provide level I-II evidence. Based on this premise, several statements have been developed to standardize guidelines and optimize results. The purpose of this study was to investigate the quality of the information delivered by meta-analyses. METHODS: Meta-analyses published in Annals of Surgery during an 11-year period were reviewed whereas individual publications of each meta-analysis were assessed. An Excel database encompassing 29 parameters was constructed based on the Quality of Reporting of Meta-analyses (QUOROM) statement...
March 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270240/-how-does-a-surgeon-decide-that-surgery-is-the-best-option-assessing-whether-or-not-to-operate
#10
J F Hamming, P J Marang-van de Mheen
All abdominal surgical procedures have a certain risk/benefit ratio. Recently, the way surgeons come to a decision whether to operate, or not, was discussed in the Annals of Surgery. First, the assessment of the decision for an operative versus a non-operative strategy was addressed on the basis of clinical vignettes. The perceptions concerning risk/benefit balance varied considerably between surgeons and these perceptions predicted the decision to operate. In a second paper, surgeons were randomized to either an arm in which they were exposed to a risk calculator or to a control arm...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194687/fecal-incontinence-and-radiation-dose-on-anal-sphincter-in-patients-with-locally-advanced-rectal-cancer-larc-treated-with-preoperative-chemoradiotherapy-a-retrospective-single-institutional-study
#11
F Arias, C Eito, G Asín, I Mora, K Cambra, F Mañeru, B Ibáñez, L Arbea, A Viudez, I Hernández, J I Arrarás, M Errasti, M Barrado, M Campo, I Visus, S Flamarique, M A Ciga
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study is to determine the correlations among the variables of dose and the sphincter function (SF) in patients with locally advanced rectal cancer treated with preoperative capecitabine/radiotherapy followed by low anterior resection (LAR) + TME. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 92 consecutive patients with LARC treated at our center with LAR from 2006 and more than 2 years free from disease. We re-contoured the anal sphincters (AS) of patients with the help of the radiologist...
August 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121681/annals-of-surgery-looks-at-the-opioid-crisis
#12
Keith D Lillemoe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068806/annals-express-the-cornish-experience-of-the-assist-ckd-project
#13
Anna Louise Barton, Angela Mallard, Anthea Patterson, Nicola Thomas, Stephen Dickinson, Hugh Gallagher
INTRODUCTION: The ASSIST-CKD project is a national quality improvement programme, aiming to decrease the number of patients presenting late to renal services by enabling laboratories to review up to five years of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) results graphically, and report deteriorating patients to their general practitioner (GP). AIM: To assess the impact of the project on the laboratory, and of patient reporting on GP management and the local renal service...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027060/methodological-quality-of-surgical-mortality-studies-using-large-hospital-databases-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Cécile Payet, Jean-Christophe Lifante, Matthew J Carty, Muriel Rabilloud, Antoine Duclos
OBJECTIVE: To review the methodology employed in surgical mortality studies to control for potential confounders. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA: Nationwide hospital data are increasingly used to investigate surgical outcomes. However, poor data granularity and coding inaccuracies may lead to flawed findings. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review in accordance with the PRISMA statement in 6 major journals (NEJM, Lancet, BMJ, JAMA, Medical Care, Annals of Surgery) using PubMed from its inception until December 31, 2014...
June 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009727/annals-of-surgery-to-offer-self-assessment-cme
#15
Mary E Klingensmith, Keith D Lillemoe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938574/-effects-of-neoadjuvant-chemoradiotherapy-on-the-rates-of-sphincter-preserving-surgery-in-lower-rectal-cancer-and-analysis-of-their-prognostic-factors
#16
X J Wang, P Chi, H M Lin, X R Lu, Y Huang, Z B Xu, S H Huang, Y W Sun, D X Ye
Objectives: To identify independent factors of sphincter preserving surgery, and to evaluated whether preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) improves the sphincter preservation rate for lower rectal cancers. Methods: A total of 541 consecutive patients who underwent curative surgery for locally advanced rectal cancer (cT3-4Nx or cTxN+ ) within 6 cm of the anal verge with or without neoadjuvant CRT in Department of Colorectal Surgery, Union Hospital, Fujian Medical University between September 2000 and September 2013 were reviewed...
June 1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919097/preoperative-evaluation-for-noncardiac-surgery
#17
REVIEW
Steven L Cohn
This issue provides a clinical overview of preoperative evaluation for noncardiac surgery, focusing on risk factors, elements of evaluation, medication management, and practice improvement. The content of In the Clinic is drawn from the clinical information and education resources of the American College of Physicians (ACP), including MKSAP (Medical Knowledge and Self-Assessment Program). Annals of Internal Medicine editors develop In the Clinic in collaboration with the ACP's Medical Education and Publishing divisions and with the assistance of additional science writers and physician writers...
December 6, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856516/effect-of-the-systemic-inflammatory-response-as-provoked-by-elective-orthopaedic-surgery-on-hba1c
#18
Andrew J Chadburn, Elizabeth Garman, Raad Abbas, Anu Modupe, Clare Ford, Osmond L Thomas, Sanjiv Chugh, Shreeram Deshpande, Rousseau Gama
Background In acutely ill patients with new onset hyperglycaemia, plasma glucose cannot reliably distinguish between stress hyperglycaemia and undiagnosed diabetes mellitus. We, therefore, investigated the diagnostic reliability of glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) in acute illness by prospectively evaluating the effect of the systemic inflammatory response, as provoked by elective orthopaedic surgery, on HbA1c. Methods HbA1c and serum C-reactive protein concentrations were compared before and two days after elective knee or hip surgery in 30 patients without diabetes...
July 2017: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847042/the-society-of-thoracic-surgeons-national-database-2016-annual-report
#19
Jeffrey P Jacobs, David M Shahian, Richard L Prager, Fred H Edwards, Donna McDonald, Jane M Han, Richard S D'Agostino, Marshall L Jacobs, Benjamin D Kozower, Vinay Badhwar, Vinod H Thourani, Henning A Gaissert, Felix G Fernandez, Cameron D Wright, Gaetano Paone, Joseph C Cleveland, J Matthew Brennan, Rachel S Dokholyan, Leo Brothers, Sreekanth Vemulapalli, Robert H Habib, Sean M O'Brien, Eric D Peterson, Frederick L Grover, G Alexander Patterson, Joseph E Bavaria
The art and science of outcomes analysis, quality improvement, and patient safety continue to evolve, and cardiothoracic surgery leads many of these advances. The Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) National Database is one of the principal reasons for this leadership role, as it provides a platform for the generation of knowledge in all of these domains. Understanding these topics is a professional responsibility of all cardiothoracic surgeons. Therefore, beginning in January 2016, The Annals of Thoracic Surgery began publishing a monthly series of scholarly articles on outcomes analysis, quality improvement, and patient safety...
December 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651051/citation-rate-predictors-in-the-plastic-surgery-literature
#20
Joseph Lopez, Nicholas Calotta, Ankur Doshi, Ashwin Soni, Jacqueline Milton, James W May, Anthony P Tufaro
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to determine and characterize the scientific and nonscientific factors that influence the rate of article citation in the field of plastic surgery. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: We reviewed all entries in Annals of Plastic Surgery and Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive, and Aesthetic Surgery from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2007; and Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery from January 1, 2007 to December 31, 2008...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
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