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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151255/weight-disorders-in-short-children
#1
Paweł Tomaszewski, Anna Majcher, Katarzyna Milde, Romuald Stupnicki
This study aimed to determine the degree of adiposity and prevalence of weight disorders in short children and to assess relationships between selected birth parameters and actual body fat content and body mass indicators. The study encompassed 85 girls and 97 boys, aged 7-14 years, with height below the 10th centile of the age and sex standard. In addition, 609 normal-height children (height between 25th and 75th centile) served as a comparison group. The children underwent measurements of body mass and height, skinfold thickness, and waist circumference...
November 19, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151126/nutritional-programming-of-bone-structure-in-male-offspring-by-maternal-consumption-of-citrus-flavanones
#2
Sandra M Sacco, Caitlin Saint, Paul J LeBlanc, Wendy E Ward
Maternal exposure to hesperidin (HSP) and naringin (NAR) during pregnancy and lactation transiently compromised bone mineral density (BMD) and bone structure at the proximal tibia in female CD-1 offspring. We examined whether maternal consumption of HSP + NAR during pregnancy and lactation compromises BMD, bone structure, and bone strength in male CD-1 offspring. Male CD-1 offspring, from mothers fed a control diet (CON, n = 10) or a 0.5% HSP + 0.25% NAR diet (HSP + NAR, n = 8) for 5 weeks before mating and throughout pregnancy and lactation, were weaned and fed CON until 6 months of age...
November 18, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151091/couvade-syndrome-custom-behavior-or-disease
#3
Bartlomiej Piechowski-Jozwiak, Julien Bogousslavsky
The custom of Couvade and Couvade syndrome is a phenomenon observed since ancient times. Whether it constitutes a disease entity or it should be considered a ritual or custom remains a matter of debate. Historical transcripts shed light into the distinct origins and inclinations of couvade behaviors, some of them having religious inclinations. Currently, there are several views on this phenomenon including medical, psychoanalytic, and psychological. Some explain this syndrome as part of men's preparation and participation in pregnancy and post-partum period...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151053/protocol-of-the-sepsivit-study-a-prospective-observational-study-to-determine-whether-continuous-heart-rate-variability-measurement-during-the-first-48-hours-of-hospitalisation-provides-an-early-warning-for-deterioration-in-patients-presenting-with-infection
#4
Vincent M Quinten, Matijs van Meurs, Maurits H Renes, Jack J M Ligtenberg, Jan C Ter Maaten
INTRODUCTION: One in five patients with sepsis deteriorates within 48 hours after hospital admission. Regrettably, a clear tool for the early detection of deterioration is still lacking. The SepsiVit study aims to determine whether continuous heart rate variability (HRV) measurement can provide an early warning for deterioration in patients presenting with suspected infection or sepsis to the emergency department (ED). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The protocol of a prospective observational study in the ED...
November 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150869/maternal-mood-disorders-and-lithium-exposure-in-utero-were-not-associated-with-poor-cognitive-development-during-childhood
#5
L Forsberg, M Adler, I Römer Ek, M Ljungdahl, L Navér, L L Gustafsson, G Berglund, A Chotigasatien, U Hammar, B Böhm, K Wide
AIM: This study evaluated whether maternal mood disorders, particularly bipolar disorder, and lithium treatment during pregnancy influenced the neonatal health and cognition of children born from 2006- 2010. METHODS: Our study at Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden, focused on women with and without mood disorders and their children. Information on pharmacotherapy, mental health, delivery and neonatal complications was retrospectively collected from electronic patient records...
November 18, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150756/impact-of-risk-factors-for-gestational-diabetes-gdm-on-pregnancy-outcomes-in-women-with-gdm
#6
T Filardi, F Tavaglione, M Di Stasio, V Fazio, A Lenzi, S Morano
PURPOSE: In this study, we evaluated the impact of risk factors for gestational diabetes on clinical/biochemical parameters and maternal/fetal outcomes. METHODS: One hundred eighty-three (n 183) women (age 33.8 ± 5.5 years, 59% Caucasians, 41% non-Caucasians) with gestational diabetes were included in the study. Anamnestic information, anthropometric and laboratory parameters, and maternal and fetal outcomes at delivery were collected. RESULTS: Insulin therapy prevalence was higher in Asians vs Caucasians (p = 0...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150483/correction-for-de-moraes-et-al-murine-model-for-preclinical-studies-of-var2csa-mediated-pathology-associated-with-malaria-in-pregnancy
#7
Luciana V de Moraes, Sebastien Dechavanne, Patrícia M Sousa, André Barateiro, Sónia F Cunha, Sofia Nunes-Silva, Flávia A Lima, Oscar Murillo, Claudio R F Marinho, Stephane Gangnard, Anand Srivastava, Joanna A Braks, Chris J Janse, Benoit Gamain, Blandine Franke-Fayard, Carlos Penha-Gonçalves
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Infection and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150458/diagnostic-accuracy-of-neonatal-assessment-for-gestational-age-determination-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Anne Cc Lee, Pratik Panchal, Lian Folger, Hilary Whelan, Rachel Whelan, Bernard Rosner, Hannah Blencowe, Joy E Lawn
CONTEXT: An estimated 15 million neonates are born preterm annually. However, in low- and middle-income countries, the dating of pregnancy is frequently unreliable or unknown. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic literature review and meta-analysis to determine the diagnostic accuracy of neonatal assessments to estimate gestational age (GA). DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, Web of Science, POPLINE, and World Health Organization library databases...
November 17, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150304/are-the-estrogenic-hormonal-effects-of-environmental-toxins-affecting-small-intestinal-bacterial-and-microfilaria-overgrowth
#9
Edward Lichten
The important role of microfilaria (worms) in human and animal disease remains an area of key disagreement between the naturopathic and allopathic physicians. While microfilaria infections are rampart in undeveloped countries, they rarely rise to identification as a cause of disease in Western countries. New research studies in the diagnosis and treatment of SIBO (Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth) and (IBD) Inflammatory Bowel Diseases of ulcerative colitis, Crohn's Disease and microcytic colitis may make both sides equally correct...
November 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150302/skin-advanced-glycation-content-reflects-vaginal-tissue-glycation-level-in-relation-to-pregnancy
#10
Homayemem Weli, Jason Cooper, Ying Yang
A few studies have revealed that the advanced glycation content of the vaginal wall in pelvic organ prolapse tissues is elevated. This elevation makes advanced glycation a significant association with the disease. Early detection of vaginal wall glycation could therefore be relevant in the prevention and management of pelvic organ prolapse. A vaginal wall biopsy to detect this would be ideal, but is invasive. Therefore the use of a more accessible organ to access, such as skin, would be beneficial. Our previous independent study suggests that conditions such as pregnancy, can induce a change in the vaginal tissues' glycation content...
November 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150271/xenohormesis-in-early-life-new-avenues-of-research-to-explore-anti-aging-strategies-through-the-maternal-diet
#11
Philippe de Medina
Aging is a progressive internal physiological deterioration of the organism, leading to the occurrence of age-related lethal diseases. It has become a major societal challenge to understand the processes that drive aging and to develop rational pharmacological agents and dietary approaches to fight against age-related deterioration and diseases. Interestingly, several lines of evidence highlight an influence of the developmental period on the risk of age-related diseases later in life. This field is known as the developmental origins of health and disease...
November 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150237/-maternal-deaths-due-to-amniotic-fluid-embolism-results-from-the-french-confidential-enquiry-into-maternal-deaths-2010-2012
#12
E Morau, A Proust, J-C Ducloy
Amniotic fluid embolism (AFE) is an unpredictable, dreadful complication of pregnancy or childbirth. EA typically includes in the same lapse of time respiratory, haemodynamic, neurological and hemorrhagic symptoms (from early and severe coagulopathy). Immediate supportive treatment by a multidisciplinary team is the cornerstone of the management. Between 2010 an 2012 in France, 24 deaths were related to AFE giving a maternal mortality ratio of 1/100,000 live births (CI 95% 0.6-1.4). AFE ranks as the second leading cause of direct maternal death...
November 14, 2017: Gynecologie, Obstetrique, Fertilite & Senologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150215/lifestyles-guide-and-glaucoma-ii-diet-supplements-drugs-sleep-pregnancy-and-systemic-hypertension
#13
A Antón-López, J Moreno-Montañés, S Duch-Tuesta, P Corsino Fernández-Vila, J García-Feijoo, E Millá-Griñó, F J Muñoz-Negrete, L Pablo-Júlvez, I Rodríguez-Agirretxe, J L Urcelay-Segura, F Ussa-Herrera, M P Villegas-Pérez
PURPOSE: To establish evidence based guidelines to advise patients on the relationship between habits, diet, certain circumstances, diseases and glaucoma. METHODS: Review of all published articles on glaucoma and sports or other activities. The papers were classified according to the level of scientific evidence based on the Oxford Centre for Evidence-based Medicine classification. RESULTS: The evidence on the relationship between diet or supplements and the incidence or progression of glaucoma is insufficient to make a general recommendation for glaucoma patients...
November 14, 2017: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150171/similar-pro-nt-and-pro-rlx2-levels-after-preeclampsia-and-after-uncomplicated-pregnancy
#14
G A Gerbrand Zoet, B B Bas van Rijn, M Miriam Rehfeldt, A Arie Franx, A H E M Angela Maas
OBJECTIVE: Women are at increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) after preeclampsia. Proneurotensin 1-117 (pro-NT) and prorelaxin 2 connecting peptide (pro-RLX2) have recently emerged as potential biomarkers for CVD risk in women. We assessed pro-NT and pro-RLX2 levels in women with and without a history of preeclampsia. STUDY DESIGN: 339 women with a history of early-onset preeclampsia and 327 women with an uncomplicated pregnancy underwent cardiovascular screening 10 years after delivery (the Preeclampsia Risk EValuation in FEMales (PREVFEM) cohort)...
December 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150167/reproductive-factors-in-relation-to-heart-failure-in-women-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Renee Bolijn, N Charlotte Onland-Moret, Folkert W Asselbergs, Yvonne T van der Schouw
BACKGROUND: The biological mechanisms underlying the sex-related differences in risk of heart failure are still not well understood. The aim of this review was to provide an overview of the current evidence on the association between reproductive factors and risk of heart failure in women. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was conducted. PubMed and Embase databases were searched for publications on the following reproductive factors as potential risk factors for heart failure in women: age at menarche, duration and frequency of the menstrual cycle, reproductive lifespan, use of contraception, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), pregnancy characteristics (e...
December 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150149/pregnancy-and-heart-disease-pregnancy-associated-hypertension-and-peripartum-cardiomyopathy
#16
Tobias Jonathan Pfeffer, Denise Hilfiker-Kleiner
Cardiovascular diseases are major complications in pregnancy worldwide and the number of patients who develop cardiac problems during pregnancy is increasing. Pregnancy-associated hypertensive complications such as pre-eclampsia (PE) or peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) are potentially life-threatening heart diseases emerging during pregnancy, under delivery or in the first postpartal months in previously healthy women. Both disease entities display substantial morbidity and mortality in the acute phase. Long-term effects are just beginning to be evaluated...
October 31, 2017: Current Problems in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150108/economy-class-syndrome-what-is-it-and-who-are-the-individuals-at-risk
#17
Luci Maria SantAna Dusse, Marcos Vinícius Ferreira Silva, Letícia Gonçalves Freitas, Milena Soriano Marcolino, Maria das Graças Carvalho
The term 'economy class syndrome' refers to the occurrence of thrombotic events during long-haul flights that mainly occur in passengers in the economy class of the aircraft. This syndrome results from several factors related to the aircraft cabin (immobilization, hypobaric hypoxia and low humidity) and the passenger (body mass index, thrombophilia, oral contraceptives or hormone replacement therapy, cancer), acting together to predispose to excessive blood coagulation, which can result in venous thromboembolism...
October 2017: Revista Brasileira de Hematologia e Hemoterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150062/spontaneous-abortion-and-ectopic-pregnancy-case-definition-guidelines-for-data-collection-analysis-and-presentation-of-maternal-immunization-safety-data
#18
Caroline E Rouse, Linda O Eckert, Isaac Babarinsa, Emily Fay, Manish Gupta, Margo S Harrison, Alison Tse Kawai, Elyse O Kharbanda, Merita Kucuku, Lee Meller, Tamala Mallett Moore, Maja Subelj, Sonali Kochhar, Fernanda Tavares-Da-Silva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 4, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150031/thoracic-surgery-in-the-pregnant-patient
#19
REVIEW
Brian Whang
Thoracic surgeons are sometimes asked to consult on the management of a patient who is pregnant. Conditions commonly encountered are empyema, spontaneous pneumothorax, and diaphragmatic hernia. Lung cancer is rarely seen in pregnancy, but its incidence is rising. Diagnostic imaging and perioperative management involve the navigation of fetal risks and nuances in maternal physiology. Shared decision making within a multidisciplinary framework will optimally guide the course of management.
February 2018: Thoracic Surgery Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149816/maternal-dyslipidaemia-in-pregnancy-with-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-possible-impact-in-the-foetoplacental-vascular-function-and-the-lipoprotein-in-the-neonatal-circulation
#20
Susana Contreras-Duarte, Lorena Carvajal, Barbara Fuenzalida, Claudette Cantin, Luis Sobrevia, Andrea Leiva
Dyslipidaemia occurs in pregnancy to secure foetal development. The mother shows a physiological increase in plasma total cholesterol and triglycerides (TG) as pregnancy progresses (i.e. maternal physiological dyslipidaemia in pregnancy). However, in some women pregnancy-associated dyslipidaemia exceeds this physiological adaptation. The consequences of this condition on the developing foetus include endothelial dysfunction of the foetoplacental vasculature and development of foetal aortic atherosclerosis. Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) associates with abnormal function of the foetoplacental vasculature due to foetal hyperglycaemia and hyperinsulinaemia, and associates with development of cardiovascular disease in adulthood...
November 16, 2017: Current Vascular Pharmacology
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