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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330336/postpartum-modern-contraceptive-use-and-associated-factors-in-northern-ethiopia
#1
Teklehaymanot Huluf Abraha, Alemayehu Shimeka Teferra, Abebaw Addis Gelagay
OBJECTIVES: Postpartum period is a critical period to address high unmet needs of family planning and to reduce the risks of closely spaced pregnancies. However, contraception during extended postpartum period has given less emphasis concerning contraceptive practice in Ethiopia. Therefore, this study was aimed to assess postpartum modern contraceptive use and associated factors among postpartum women in Northern Ethiopia. METHODS: A community based cross sectional study was done from March to April, 2015...
March 20, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329999/bilateral-cystic-coloboma-with-microphtalmos-and-eyelid-agenesis-us-and-mri-findings
#2
Youssef Omor, Benjamin Dhaene, Veronique Toppet, Marie Cassart, Patrice Jissendi-Tchofo
INTRODUCTION: The combination of bilateral microphthalmos, cystic coloboma and eyelid agenesis is rare. The definite diagnosis of this malformation is established by fundoscopic examination and confirmed by imaging modalities such as ultrasonography (US) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This disorder may be associated with specific chromosomal abnormalities. CASE REPORT: A 1-week-old male newborn was referred for bilateral eyelid agenesis. He was born at term by caesarean for foetal distress, after an uneventful gestation...
March 2017: Journal of Neuroradiology. Journal de Neuroradiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329953/imaging-feature-in-pres-syndrome-report-of-6-cases
#3
H El Mhabrech, S Karma, F Jbeli, M Dakkem, A Kraiem, C Hafsa
OBJECTIVES: Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a rare syndrome. The pathophysiology is poorly understood. Computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings are characteristic of the diagnosis and diffusion weighted image has been also suggested having a prognostic value. We report this unusual neurologic complication of peripartumin except any pre-existent pathology of the pregnancy. MATERIEL AND METHODS: CT, MR findings and relevant clinical data of the patients were retrospectively reviewed on 5 cases between 2011 and 2012 in our radiologic department...
March 2017: Journal of Neuroradiology. Journal de Neuroradiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329949/-progress-in-research-of-relationship-between-vaginal-lactobacillus-and-preterm-delivery
#4
Y N He, H Y Xiong, Y J Zheng
The vaginal flora in most healthy women is dominated by Lactobacillus species. The absence of Lactobacillus species in vaginal flora might lead to a series of symptoms, especially in pregnant women causing adverse pregnancy outcomes, such as preterm delivery. This review focuses on the progress in the research of the relationship between vaginal Lactobacillus and preterm delivery, providing reference for the reduction of the incidence of preterm delivery.
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329947/-air-pollution-and-adverse-birth-outcome-in-china-a-comprehensive-review
#5
P F Zhu, Y Zhang, J Ban, T T Li, X M Shi
Objective: To summarize the progress in the research of the association between air pollution and adverse birth outcomes in China. Methods: A literature retrieval was conducted by using the databases of CNKI, Wanfang, Pubmed, Science Direct, and Web of Science to select relevant research papers published before 30(th), June 2016 in China according to inclusion criteria. Finally, 27 papers were included in analysis. Results: Exposure to particulate matter (PM(10)), sulfur dioxide (SO(2)), nitrogen dioxide (NO(2)), total suspended particles (TSP) during pregnancy might increase risk for low birth weight; exposure to PM(10), SO(2), NO(2) during pregnancy might increase risk for premature birth; and exposure to SO(2), NO(2), ozone (O(3)), and PM(10) during pregnancy might increase risk for congenital heart diseases and other birth defects...
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329940/-effectiveness-of-prevention-of-mother-to-child-hiv-transmission-in-henan-province-2002-2013
#6
Q Wang, D Y Sun, P Y Fan, Y M Ma, N Ma, H Si, N Li, Z Wang
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of the intervention on preventing mother to child transmission of HIV and identify the influencing factors. Methods: The data regarding the pregnant women and their infants were collected, including demographic characteristics, pregnancy and delivery, access to antiviral therapy, HIV infection status at age 18 months and survival of infants between 2002 and 2013 through follow-up, Multivariate logistic regression model were used to identify the influencing factors. Results: By the end of 2013, a total of 8 621 554 pregnant women received HIV test, among them 2 264 were infected with HIV...
March 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329896/characterizing-literacy-and-cognitive-function-during-pregnancy-and-postpartum
#7
Lynn M Yee, Leslie A Kamel, Zara Quader, Priya V Rajan, Shaneah M Taylor, Rachel O'Conor, Michael S Wolf, Melissa A Simon
Objective The objective of this study was to characterize health literacy and cognitive function in a diverse cohort of pregnant women. Methods Pregnant and postpartum women underwent in-depth assessments of health literacy/numeracy and the cognitive domains of verbal ability, working memory, long-term memory, processing speed, and inductive reasoning. Differences by demographic characteristics and gestational age were assessed using chi-square tests and multivariable logistic regression. Results In this cohort of pregnant (N = 77) or postpartum (N = 24) women, 41...
March 22, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329740/human-chorionic-gonadotropin-regression-curves-after-partial-or-complete-molar-pregnancy-in-flanders-are-they-different-from-regression-curves-from-the-eighties
#8
Sien Delattre, Sileny Han, Philippe Moerman, Jaak Billen, Frédéric Goffin, Kathleen Scharpé, Ignace Vergote
BACKGROUND/AIMS: We updated human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) regression curves created in the eighties after evacuation of complete and partial molar (CM and PM, respectively) pregnancies using modern hCG assays. We created similar curves for patients in need of chemotherapy (gestational trophoblastic neoplasia [GTN]). METHODS: A total of 126 patients who were diagnosed with gestational trophoblastic disease from 1990 to 2014 were included. We compared curves from 2 groups, CM and PM, with historical ones...
March 23, 2017: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329721/how-many-embryos-should-be-transferred-a-validated-score-to-predict-ongoing-implantation-rate
#9
Nicolas Gatimel, Melissa Ladj, Carole Teston, Florence Lesourd, Carole Fajau, Clémentine Cohade, Jean Parinaud, Roger D Léandri
OBJECTIVE: To developed a prognostic score to predict ongoing implantation rate according to clinical and biological parameters and to choose the number of embryos to be transferred in patients undergoing IVF/ICSI. STUDY DESIGN: The transfer score was established using multivariate analysis of biological and clinical parameters in 3211 fresh embryo transfers in a retrospective study. Then we validated the score in 694 fresh embryo transfers in a prospective study...
March 8, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329676/lineage-biased-stem-cells-maintain-estrogen-receptor-positive-and-negative-mouse-mammary-luminal-lineages
#10
Chunhui Wang, John R Christin, Maja H Oktay, Wenjun Guo
Delineating the mammary differentiation hierarchy is important for the study of mammary gland development and tumorigenesis. Mammary luminal cells are considered a major origin of human breast cancers. However, how estrogen-receptor-positive (ER(+)) and ER(-) luminal cells are developed and maintained remains poorly understood. The prevailing model suggests that a common stem/progenitor cell generates both cell types. Through genetic lineage tracing in mice, we find that SOX9-expressing cells specifically contribute to the development and maintenance of ER(-) luminal cells and, to a lesser degree, basal cells...
March 21, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329627/association-of-atopic-dermatitis-with-tobacco-smoke-exposure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Robert Kantor, Ashley Kim, Jacob Thyssen, Jonathan I Silverberg
Previous studies found conflicting results about whether exposure to tobacco smoke is associated with increased atopic dermatitis (AD). We examined this association by systematic review and meta-analysis of MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus, and Cochrane Library and identified 86 studies, including 680,176 patients from 39 countries. A meta-analysis was performed using random-effects models to estimate pooled odds ratios (OR). Subset analyses were performed for different ages (children or adult), regions, study designs (cross-sectional vs...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329577/two-cases-of-halo-scalp-ring
#12
Thaer Hasan Douri
Halo scalp ring (HSR) is a rare form of non-scarring annular alopecia that is attributed to caput succedaneum. It arises perinatally because of prolonged pressure on the scalp by the cervix during or before the delivery. We report two new cases of halo scalp ring in full term pregnancy - newborns.
November 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329529/concurrent-pyogenic-granuloma-and-bullous-impetigo-of-a-pregnant-woman-s-finger
#13
Rosie Qin, Philip R Cohen
BACKGROUND: Bullous impetigo is a superficial skininfection caused by Staphylococcus aureus (S.aureus). Pyogenic granuloma is a common benigntumor frequently associated with prior trauma.Bullous impetigo and pyogenic granuloma may occurin pregnant women. PURPOSE: The features of a pregnant womanwith pyogenic granuloma and bullous impetigoconcurrently present in a lesion on her finger aredescribed. METHODS: PubMed was used to search the followingterms: bullous impetigo, pregnancy, and pyogenicgranuloma...
March 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329476/pregnancy-associated-morphea-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#14
Anh Khoa Pham, Bhaskar Srivastava, April Deng
Morphea, also known as localized scleroderma, is arare fibrosing disorder of the skin, the pathogenesisof which is incompletely understood. It is thought,however, to involve interplay of genetic dispositionand triggering environmental factors, such asinfections and autoimmunity. Pregnancy as a potentialtrigger has only been reported in four cases. Herein,we present a patient who developed morphea of thebreasts during pregnancy, which rapidly resolvedwith a normal delivery. Our patient was distinct fromsome of the reported patients because her conditionwas tightly correlated with her pregnancy, as judgingby rapid resolution after delivery...
January 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329257/lessons-learned-at-the-epicenter-of-brazil-s-congenital-zika-epidemic-evidence-from-87-confirmed-cases
#15
Jucille do Amaral Meneses, Ana Catarina Ishigami, Luisa Medeiros de Mello, Luciano Lira de Albuquerque, Carlos Alexandre Antunes de Brito, Marli Tenório Cordeiro, Lindomar José Pena
Congenital Zika virus infection has stimulated great international concern. A prospective case series of 87 infants with laboratory-confirmed congenital Zika syndrome (CZS) at the epicenter of the Brazilian Zika epidemic in Pernambuco state is presented. Mothers were interviewed for symptoms of possible Zika virus (ZIKV) infection during pregnancy and fetal ultrasounds were obtained. Infant cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples were tested for ZIKV specific antibodies and sera were screened for other congenital infections...
February 24, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329228/gender-differences-in-the-effects-of-cardiovascular-drugs
#16
J Tamargo, G Rosano, W Thomas, J Duarte, A Niessner, J C Kaski, C Cecconi, H Drexel, K Kjeldsen, G Savarese, C Torp-Pedersen, D Atar, B S Lewis, S Agewall
Although sex-specific differences in cardiovascular medicine are well-known, the exact influences of sex on the effect of cardiovascular drugs remain unclear. Women and men differ in body composition and physiology (hormonal influences during the menstrual cycle, menopause and pregnancy) and they present differences in drug pharmacokinetics (absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion) and pharmacodynamics, so that is not rare that they may respond differently to cardiovascular drugs. Furthermore, women are also less often treated with evidence-based drugs thereby preventing optimization of therapeutics for women of all ages, experience more relevant adverse drug reactions than men, and remain under-represented in most clinical trials...
February 28, 2017: European Heart Journal. Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329103/pregnancy-at-advanced-maternal-age-affects-behavior-and-hippocampal-gene-expression-in-mouse-offspring
#17
Silvestre Sampino, Adrian Mateusz Stankiewicz, Federica Zacchini, Joanna Goscik, Agnieszka Szostak, Artur Hugo Swiergiel, Gaspare Drago, Jacek Andrzej Modlinski, Grazyna Ewa Ptak
There is growing evidence that advanced maternal age is a risk factor for neurological and neuropsychiatric disorders in offspring. However, it remains unclear whether the altered brain programming induced by advanced maternal age is mediated by pre- or postnatal factors. Here, a mouse model was used to investigate whether pregnancy at advanced age may provoke behavioral and brain gene expression changes in offspring. Swiss Albino mice conceived by 3-month-old males and either 15-18-month-old (n = 11) or 3-month-old control females (n = 5), were delivered by cesarean section, fostered after birth by 3-month-old dams and subjected to a battery of behavioral tests...
February 22, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329059/anticoagulation-for-pregnant-women-with-mechanical-heart-valves-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Rohan D'Souza, Jackie Ostro, Prakesh S Shah, Candice K Silversides, Ann Malinowski, Kellie E Murphy, Mathew Sermer, Nadine Shehata
Aims: To review maternal and foetal outcomes in women with mechanical heart valves (MHVs) treated with vitamin-K antagonists (VKAs), first-trimester heparin followed by VKAs (sequential treatment), low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) and unfractionated heparin (UFH) during pregnancy, in order to inform practice. Methods and results: Medline, Embase and Central were searched from inception until February 2016. Two reviewers independently screened 1786 titles, reviewed 110 full-texts and extracted data and assessed risk-of-bias from 46 articles...
March 9, 2017: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328966/integration-of-family-planning-services-into-hiv-care-clinics-results-one-year-after-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-in-kenya
#19
Craig R Cohen, Daniel Grossman, Maricianah Onono, Cinthia Blat, Sara J Newmann, Rachel L Burger, Starley B Shade, Norah Bett, Elizabeth A Bukusi
OBJECTIVES: To determine if integration of family planning (FP) and HIV services led to increased use of more effective contraception (i.e. hormonal and permanent methods, and intrauterine devices) and decreased pregnancy rates. DESIGN: Cohort analysis following cluster randomized trial, when the Kenya Ministry of Health led integration of the remaining control (delayed integration) sites and oversaw integrated services at the original intervention (early integration) sites...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328960/norms-and-stigma-regarding-pregnancy-decisions-during-an-unintended-pregnancy-development-and-predictors-of-scales-among-young-women-in-the-u-s-south
#20
Whitney S Rice, Bulent Turan, Kristi L Stringer, Anna Helova, Kari White, Kate Cockrill, Janet M Turan
BACKGROUND: Norms and stigma regarding pregnancy decisions (parenting, adoption, and abortion) are salient to maternal well-being, particularly for groups disproportionately affected by unintended pregnancy. However, there are few validated measures of individual-level perceptions of norms and stigma around pregnancy decisions. Additionally, little is known about variation in the content of norms regarding pregnancy decisions, and in stigma related to violations of these norms, across socio-demographic groups...
2017: PloS One
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