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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627485/association-and-prognostic-value-of-serum-cystatin-c-il-18-and-uric-acid-in-urological-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury
#1
Arpan Choudhary, Supriyo Basu, Sujit K Dey, Jayanta K Rout, Ranjit K Das, Ranjan K Dey
PURPOSE: To assess the role of serum Cystatin C, IL-18 and Uric acid in acute kidney injury (AKI) in urological patients, along with their prognostic significance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospective observational study included 61 cases, admitted in urology ward with baseline serum creatinine ≤1.5 mg/dL. All patients had at least one or more predisposing factors for AKI. Daily urine output and creatinine level were checked. Serum levels of biomarkers were measured at baseline and postoperatively after 24 h...
April 5, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626589/red-onion-scales-ameliorated-streptozotocin-induced-diabetes-and-diabetic-nephropathy-in-wistar-rats-in-relation-to-their-metabolite-fingerprint
#2
Tarek Kamal Abouzed, María Del Mar Contreras, Kadry Mohamed Sadek, Moustafa Shukry, Doaa Abdel Hady, Wael Mohamed Gouda, Walied Abdo, Nasr Elsayed Nasr, Reham Hassan Mekky, Antonio Segura-Carretero, Khaled Abdel-Aleim Kahilo, Essam Abdel-Sattar
AIM: The present study was designed to investigate the effect of red onion scales extract (ROS) against diabetic nephropathy, in relation to its metabolic profiling. METHODS: Four groups of male Wistar rats were assigned as follows; 1st untreated group, 2nd group (animals with diabetes) treated with streptozotocin (STZ, 50mg/kg) IP, 3rd group co-treated with ROS (150mg/kg + STZ, 50mg/kg) and 4th group co-treated with ROS by a dose (300mg/kg + STZ, 50mg/kg) daily...
April 4, 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626256/dual-layer-spectral-detector-ct-non-inferiority-assessment-compared-to-dual-source-dual-energy-ct-in-discriminating-uric-acid-from-non-uric-acid-renal-stones-ex-vivo
#3
Lakshmi Ananthakrishnan, Xinhui Duan, Yin Xi, Matthew A Lewis, Margaret S Pearle, Jodi A Antonelli, Harold Goerne, Elysha M Kolitz, Suhny Abbara, Robert E Lenkinski, Julia R Fielding, John R Leyendecker
PURPOSE: To assess the non-inferiority of dual-layer spectral detector CT (SDCT) compared to dual-source dual-energy CT (dsDECT) in discriminating uric acid (UA) from non-UA stones. METHODS: Fifty-seven extracted urinary calculi were placed in a cylindrical phantom in a water bath and scanned on a SDCT scanner (IQon, Philips Healthcare) and second- and third-generation dsDECT scanners (Somatom Flash and Force, Siemens Healthcare) under matched scan parameters. For SDCT data, conventional images and virtual monoenergetic reconstructions were created...
April 7, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622969/relationship-between-serum-osteoprotegerin-and-vascular-calcifications-in-hemodialysis-patients
#4
Tarek Z El Baz, Osama A Khamis, Amal El-Shehaby, Hussein Chahine, Ahmad Alaa Al-Din Ahmed, Mostafa A Alsawasany
Background: Uremia is a vasculopathic process, and both cardiac calcification and vascular calcification seen from the early stages of chronic kidney disease. Osteoprotegerin could play a crucial role in atherosclerotic plaque formation, maturation and calcification. The goal of this study was to determine the relationship of serum osteoprotegerin with vascular calcification in patients with end stage kidney disease who were maintained on regular hemodialysis. Methods: Sixty clinically stable chronic renal failure patients undergoing regular hemodialysis were enrolled in this cross sectional study...
June 2017: Egypt Heart J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607709/impact-of-food-quantity-and-quality-on-the-biochemical-risk-of-renal-stone-formation
#5
Francesco Esperto, Roberto Miano, Martino Marangella, Alberto Trinchieri
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the role of body mass index (BMI) and dietary potential renal acid load (PRAL) with urinary saturation for calcium oxalate (US-CaOx), calcium phosphate (US-CaP) and uric acid (US-UA) in renal stone formers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted of laboratory data collected on 442 renal stone-forming patients. Demographic information, BMI and 24 h urinary samples were collected from patients on their regular diets...
April 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606810/risk-factors-affecting-adverse-effects-of-cyclosporine-a-in-a-real-world-psoriasis-treatment
#6
Bo Ri Kim, Seungkeol Yang, Eun Jin Doh, Chong Won Choi, Sang Woong Youn
Background: No study to date has focused on the changes in laboratory test results and related risk factors in patients with psoriasis treated with prolonged Cyclosporine A (CsA) therapy. Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the changes of laboratory values and related risk factors in patients with psoriasis treated with CsA in a real-world setting. Methods: Records of patients with psoriasis treated with CsA at an outpatient clinic were collected, and a Cox proportional hazards regression model was used...
April 2018: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589183/new-diabetes-therapies-and-diabetic-kidney-disease-progression-the-role-of-sglt-2-inhibitors
#7
REVIEW
Claire C J Dekkers, Ron T Gansevoort, Hiddo J L Heerspink
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Sodium-glucose co-transporter 2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors have emerged as a promising drug class for the treatment of diabetic kidney disease. Developed originally as glucose-lowering drugs by enhancing urinary glucose excretion, these drugs also lower many other renal and cardiovascular risk factors such as body weight, blood pressure, albuminuria, and uric acid. Results from the EMPA-REG OUTCOME and CANVAS trials show that these salutary effects translate into a reduction in cardiovascular outcomes and have the potential to delay the progression of kidney function decline...
March 27, 2018: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587296/the-relationships-of-the-fractional-excretion-of-uric-acid-with-brachial-ankle-pulse-wave-velocity-and-ankle-brachial-index-in-chinese-young-adults
#8
Jia-Wen Hu, Yang Wang, Chao Chu, Yu Yan, Keke Wang, Wenling Zheng, Qiong Ma, Yong-Bo Lv, Yin Deng, Bo Yan, Jian-Jun Mu
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Elevated serum uric acid (UA) was intimately correlated with vascular stiffness and abnormal ankle brachial index (ABI) in various populations. These correlations lost significance after adjustment for estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), indicating that the association of UA and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) or ABI might be driven by kidney function. UA is predominantly eliminated through the kidneys, and metabolic disorders can influence the clearance of UA...
2018: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582963/-day-of-prevention-of-renal-diseases-in-amatrice-italy
#9
Silvia Lai, Walter Valentini, Luca Poli, Lucia Broccoli, Sandro Mazzaferro, Massimiliano Crudo, Nicla Frassetti, Francesca Santoboni, Ylenia Esposito, Marco Mangiulli, Viola D'Ambrosio, Anna Chiara Currado, Adolfo Perrotta, Gaspare Elios Russo
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a very common condition and its prevalence is increasing worldwide. The CARHES study in Italy showed a prevalence of 6.5% in women and 7.5% in men. As a matter of fact, an early diagnosis is essential to slow down the progression and improve the renal and cardiovascular prognosis. For this purpose the A.N.Di.P. association (National Association of Peritoneal Dialysis-Onlus "Enzo Siciliano ") organized the DAY OF PREVENTION OF RENAL DISEASES which was held in AMATRICE the 15th of July 2017 called "WE START A NEW PATH OF LIFE TOGETHER"...
March 2018: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575259/crocin-improves-renal-function-by-declining-nox-4-il-18-and-p53-expression-levels-in-an-experimental-model-of-diabetic-nephropathy
#10
Habib Yaribeygi, Mohammad T Mohammadi, Ramin Rezaee, Amirhossein Sahebkar
Oxidative damage, inflammation and apoptosis play significant roles in diabetic nephropathy. Previous studies demonstrated anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative effects of crocin, but there is no evidence about its effects on IL-18, NOX-4, and p53 expression in diabetic kidneys. The aim of this study was to evaluate possible effects of crocin on improving main mechanisms underlying diabetic nephropathy. Male Wistar rats were randomly divided into four separate groups as normal (C), normal treated (CC), diabetic (D), and diabetic treated (DC) (n = 6)...
March 25, 2018: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572081/ldl-oxidation-serum-uric-acid-kidney-function-and-pulse-wave-velocity-data-from-the-brisighella-heart-study-cohort
#11
Arrigo F G Cicero, Masanari Kuwabara, Richard Johnson, Marilisa Bove, Federica Fogacci, Martina Rosticci, Marina Giovannini, Sergio D'Addato, Claudio Borghi
BACKGROUND: Serum uric acid (SUA) and oxidized LDL (oxLDL) may be associated with arterial aging. The aim of our study was to evaluate the relationship between SUA, oxLDL and arterial stiffness in subjects with normal renal function and in patients with mild or moderate renal impairment. METHODS: From the database of the 2012 Brisighella Heart Study, we compared age-matched adult, non-smoker subjects without cardiovascular disease and with normal renal function (n = 205), subjects with stage II chronic kidney disease (CKD) (n = 118) and subjects with stage III CKD (n = 94)...
March 17, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568334/serum-uric-acid-and-renal-function-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-a-nationwide-study-in-brazil
#12
Marcela Haas Pizarro, Deborah Conte Santos, Bianca Senger Vasconcelos Barros, Laura Gomes Nunes de Melo, Marilia Brito Gomes
Background: Diabetes nephropathy is a microvascular complication associated with high morbidity and mortality in patients with type 1 diabetes, and its pathogenesis is not fully understood. Our aim was to evaluate the association between levels of serum uric acid and renal function assessed by glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and albuminuria in patients with type 1 diabetes. Methods: This is a multicenter, cross-sectional, observational study with 1686 patients, conducted between August 2011 and August 2014 in 14 public clinics from ten Brazilian cities...
2018: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559506/cross-talk-between-renal-lithogenesis-and-atherosclerosis-an-unveiled-link-between-kidney-stone-formation-and-cardiovascular-diseases
#13
REVIEW
Asokan Devarajan
The prevalence of kidney stones and cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are increasing throughout the world. Both diseases are chronic and characterized by accumulation of oxidized proteins and lipids in the renal tissue and arterial wall, respectively. Emerging studies have revealed a positive association between nephrolithiasis and CVDs. Based on preclinical and clinical evidences, this review discusses: (i) stone forming risk factors, crystal nucleation, aggregation, injury-induced crystal retention, and stone formation, (ii) CVD risk factors such as dyslipidemia, perturbation of gut microbiome, obesity, free radical-induced lipoprotein oxidation, and retention in the arterial wall, subsequent foam cell formation, and atherosclerosis, (iii) mechanism by which stone forming risk factors such as oxalate, calcium, uric acid, and infection contribute toward CVDs, and (iv) how CVD risk factors, such as cholesterol, phospholipids, and uric acid, contribute to kidney stone formation are described...
March 30, 2018: Clinical Science (1979-)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549464/effect-of-allopurinol-on-the-glomerular-filtration-rate-of-children-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#14
Fatemeh Ghane Sharbaf, Farahnak Assadi
BACKGROUND: Hyperuricemia is a leading risk factor for the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD). We hypothesized that lowering serum uric acid (SUA) with allopurinol in hyperuricemic children with CKD may reduce the risk of CKD progression. METHODS: A total of 70 children, aged 3-15 years, with elevated serum uric acid level (SUA) > 5.5 mg/dL and CKD stages 1-3 were prospectively randomized to receive allopurinol 5 mg/kg/day (study group, n = 38) or no treatment (control group, n = 32) for 4 months...
March 16, 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547895/gout-state-of-the-art-after-a-decade-of-developments
#15
Tristan Pascart, Frédéric Lioté
This review article summarizes the relevant English literature on gout from 2010 through April 2017. It emphasizes that the current epidemiology of gout indicates a rising prevalence worldwide, not only in Western countries but also in Southeast Asia, in close relationship with the obesity and metabolic syndrome epidemics. New pathogenic mechanisms of chronic hyperuricaemia focus on the gut (microbiota, ABCG2 expression) after the kidney. Cardiovascular and renal comorbidities are the key points to consider in terms of management...
March 13, 2018: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540159/a-cross-sectional-study-on-the-relationship-between-hematological-data-and-quantitative-morphological-indices-from-kidney-biopsies-in-different-glomerular-diseases
#16
Michelangelo Nigro, Davide Viggiano, Vincenzo Ragone, Tiziana Trabace, Annamaria di Palma, Michele Rossini, Giovambattista Capasso, Loreto Gesualdo, Giuseppe Gigliotti
BACKGROUND: The classical approach to the analysis of kidney biopsies is based on semi-quantitative scores of the amount of sclerosis, inflammatory infiltrate, fibrosis and vascular damage. However, advanced renal lesions may be accompanied by a paucity of clinical features and, conversely, important clinical abnormalities may be accompanied by minimal histopathological changes. The objective of this study is to correlate new, semiautomatic, quantitative features of kidney biopsies (e...
March 14, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527782/sex-related-association-of-serum-uric-acid-with-inflammation-kidney-function-and-blood-pressure-in-type-1-diabetic-patients
#17
Bartosz Słomiński, Maria Skrzypkowska, Monika Ryba-Stanisławowska, Agnieszka Brandt
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Recent studies suggest that uric acid (UA) is a mediator of diabetic nephropathy. We hypothesized that serum UA would associate with the prevalence of diabetic nephropathy in youth with type 1 diabetes (T1D), and that this relationship would differ by sex. METHODS: We examined 120 young boys and the same number of girls with T1D. C-reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), interleukin-10 (IL-10), tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α), UA, cystatin C serum concentrations, albumin excretion rate and blood pressure were also analyzed...
March 12, 2018: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519319/luteolin-4-o-glucoside-and-its-aglycone-two-major-flavones-of-gnaphalium-affine-d-don-resist-hyperuricemia-and-acute-gouty-arthritis-activity-in-animal-models
#18
Yan Lin, Pei-Gang Liu, Wei-Qing Liang, Yi-Juan Hu, Pan Xu, Jie Zhou, Jin-Bao Pu, Hong-Jian Zhang
BACKGROUND: Gnaphalium affine D. Don is a folk medicine of China believed to be efficacious in the treatment of many ailments, including hyperuricemia and gout. PURPOSE: Based on a previous study, we isolated two flavones, luteolin and luteolin-4'-O-glucoside, from G. affine. Our aim was to assess the potential beneficial effects of treatment and mechanisms of these two flavones on hyperuricemia and acute gouty arthritis. METHODS: The model of potassium oxonate (PO)-induced hyperuricemia and monosodium urate (MSU) crystal-induced inflammation in mice has been established...
March 1, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518862/-clinical-characteristics-and-renal-uric-acid-excretion-in-early-onset-gout-patients
#19
Q H Li, J J Liang, L X Chen, Y Q Mo, X N Wei, D H Zheng, L Dai
Objective: To investigate clinical characteristics and renal uric acid excretion in early-onset gout patients. Methods: Consecutive inpatients with primary gout were recruited between 2013 and 2017. The patients with gout onset younger than 30 were defined as early-onset group while the others were enrolled as control group. Clinical characteristics and uric acid (UA) indicators were compared between two groups. Results: Among 202 recruited patients, the early-onset group included 36 patients (17.8%). Compared with control group, the early-onset group presented more patients with obesity [13 patients (36...
March 1, 2018: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518610/zhen-wu-tang-protects-against-podocyte-injury-in-rats-with-iga-nephropathy-via-ppar%C3%AE-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-pathway
#20
Bihao Liu, Yu He, Ruirui Lu, Jie Zhou, Lixia Bai, Peichun Zhang, Shufang Ye, Junbiao Wu, Chungling Liang, Yuan Zhou, Jiuyao Zhou
Zhen-wu-tang (ZWT) has been widely applied in chronic kidney diseases. However, the mechanism of ZWT remains unclear. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors-γ (PPARγ) is known as a protective factor for podocyte and kidney function. This study is aimed to investigate the protective effects of ZWT on IgA nephropathy (IgAN) in rats against podocyte injury and the underlying mechanism related to PPARγ. IgAN model rats were induced by administering bovine serum albumin, lipopolysaccharide, and carbon tetrachloride...
March 5, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
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