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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911304/effects-of-short-term-exercise-interventions-on-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-in-patients-with-dementia-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#1
Tim Fleiner, Stefan Leucht, Hans Foerstl, Wiebren Zijlstra, Peter Haussermann
Observational and interventional studies indicate a direct link between the patients' physical activity and the extent of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). At present, there are no evidence-based recommendations for physical exercise in the acute dementia care settings. Hence, this systematic review investigates the effects of short-term exercise trials on BPSD. Trials with a length up to three months investigating the effects of structured exercise interventions on BPSD in acute dementia care settings were included...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899689/herbal-medicine-for-management-of-the-behavioural-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-bpsd-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Anna J Hyde, Brian H May, Lin Dong, Mei Feng, Shaonan Liu, Xinfeng Guo, Anthony Lin Zhang, Chuanjian Lu, Charlie Changli Xue
Management of the behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia remains a challenge worldwide. Herbal medicines may play a role in the development of new interventions. To determine effects of herbal medicines for management of the behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia, meta-analysis was conducted of 31 controlled trials (3613 participants). Frequently tested herbal medicines were the Ginkgo biloba leaf extract EGb 761 (seven studies) and the multi-ingredient formula Yokukansan (eight studies)...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864478/patient-and-caregiver-interplay-in-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-family-caregiver-s-experience
#3
Jun-Ah Song, Myonghwa Park, Jaewon Park, Hong Jin Cheon, Mihyun Lee
The purpose of this study was to identify family caregivers' experiences in managing the behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) with particular focus on their interpersonal interactions with patient with dementia. Data were collected through focus-group interviews with 15 family caregivers from three local dementia-support centers located in Seoul. Data were analyzed using content analysis. Three main themes were identified through data analysis: triggers of BPSD, family caregiver's actions in response to BPSD and patient's reactions, and the effect of BPSD on family caregivers...
November 17, 2016: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849639/wecareadvisor%C3%A2-the-development-of-a-caregiver-focused-web-based-program-to-assess-and-manage-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia
#4
Helen C Kales, Laura N Gitlin, Barbara Stanislawski, Katherine Marx, Molly Turnwald, Daphne C Watkins, Constantine G Lyketsos
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) are nearly universal in dementia and associated with multiple negative outcomes. Current real-world management is largely pharmacologic, despite poor risk/benefit. The WeCareAdvisor was designed to enable family caregivers to assess, manage, and track BPSD using nonpharmacologic strategies. DESIGN: In-depth qualitative data were collected from family caregivers of people with dementia to inform: (1) style of approach and "look and feel" of the tool, and (2) the types of psychoeducation most needed by caregivers...
November 15, 2016: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847922/treatment-of-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Ulrich W Preuss, Jessica W M Wong, G Koller
BPSD (Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms in Dementia) affects virtually all patients with dementia. The aim of this review is to present information on epidemiology, consequences and evidence-based non-pharmacological and pharmacological treatment approaches. The review also covers recent literature derived from a systematic literature Medline search on BPSD. Results indicate that BPSD are major risk factors for an earlier placement of affected individuals in nursing homes and a potentially more severe course of dementia over time...
2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806743/causes-of-nursing-home-placement-for-older-people-with-dementia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Sandeep Toot, Tom Swinson, Mike Devine, David Challis, Martin Orrell
BACKGROUND: Up to half of people with dementia in high income countries live in nursing homes and more than two-thirds of care home residents have dementia. Fewer than half of these residents report good quality of life and most older people are anxious about the prospect of moving into a nursing home. Robust evidence is needed as to the causes of admission to nursing homes, particularly where these risk factors are modifiable. METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature search to identify controlled comparison studies in which the primary outcome was admission to nursing home of older adults with dementia...
November 3, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27772752/role-of-neurodevelopment-involved-genes-in-psychiatric-comorbidities-and-modulation-of-inflammatory-processes-in-alzheimer-s-disease
#7
Porcelli Stefano, Crisafulli Concetta, Donato Luigi, Calabrò Marco, Politis Antonis, Liappas Ioannis, Albani Diego, Atti Anna Rita, Salfi Raffaele, Raimondi Ilaria, Forloni Gianluigi, Papadimitriou George N, De Ronchi Diana, Serretti Alessandro
INTRODUCTION: With the increase of the population's average age, Alzheimer's disease (AD) is becoming one of the most disabling diseases worldwide. Recently, neurodevelopment processes have been involved in the AD etiopathogenesis. Genetic studies in this field could contribute to our knowledge and suggest new molecular targets for possible treatments. METHODS: Our primary aim was to investigate the associations among single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within neurodevelopment related genes (BDNF, ST8SIA2, C15orf32, NCAPG2, ESYT2, WDR60, LOC154822, VIPR2, GSK3B, NR1I2, ZNF804A, SP4) and AD...
November 15, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756046/amygdala-prefrontal-cortical-functional-connectivity-during-implicit-emotion-processing-differentiates-youth-with-bipolar-spectrum-from-youth-with-externalizing-disorders
#8
Danella Hafeman, Genna Bebko, Michele A Bertocci, Jay C Fournier, Henry W Chase, Lisa Bonar, Susan B Perlman, Michael Travis, Mary Kay Gill, Vaibhav A Diwadkar, Jeffrey L Sunshine, Scott K Holland, Robert A Kowatch, Boris Birmaher, David Axelson, Sarah M Horwitz, L Eugene Arnold, Mary A Fristad, Thomas W Frazier, Eric A Youngstrom, Robert L Findling, Mary L Phillips
OBJECTIVE: Both bipolar spectrum disorders (BPSD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) present with emotion-regulation deficits, but require different clinical management. We examined how the neurobiological underpinnings of emotion regulation might differentiate youth with BPSD versus ADHD (and healthy controls, HCs), specifically assessing functional connectivity (FxC) of amygdala-prefrontal circuitry during an implicit emotion processing task. METHODS: We scanned a subset of the Longitudinal Assessment of Manic Symptoms (LAMS) sample, a clinically recruited cohort with elevated behavioral and emotional dysregulation, and age/sex-ratio matched HCs...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665755/predicting-off-label-antipsychotic-medication-use-in-a-randomly-selected-nursing-home-sample-based-on-resident-and-facility-characteristics
#9
William E Mansbach, Ryan A Mace, Kristen M Clark, Isabella M Firth, Jacqueline K Breeden
Reducing off-label antipsychotic medication use for behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) in nursing home residents has been a centerpiece of government regulation, but without insight into utilization differences based on resident and facility characteristics. To examine whether resident and facility characteristics can predict off-label antipsychotic medication treatment for BPSD, residents prescribed antipsychotic medication (N = 216) from 17 Maryland nursing facilities were randomly selected...
November 1, 2016: Research in Gerontological Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651011/pharmacological-treatments-of-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-in-alzheimer-s-disease-role-of-acetylcholinesterase-inhibitors-and-memantine
#10
Thomas Desmidt, Caroline Hommet, Vincent Camus
Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) are frequent in Alzheimer's disease (AD). They are associated with disability and suffering for both the patients and their caregivers. Even if BPSD are now well diagnosed and characterized by standardized tools, their treatment remains often challenging in clinical setting because of the frequent and severe side effects of the psychotropic drugs when used in this indication. Evidence-based data confirm that antipsychotics and antidepressants are efficient for the treatment of BPSD but have a poor tolerance profile and their use is problematic...
September 1, 2016: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27634618/progress-in-bpsd-research-analyzing-individual-bpsd-might-hold-the-key-to-better-support-caregivers
#11
Nicola T Lautenschlager
Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia (BPSD) or neuropsychiatric symptoms occur in more or less every person with dementia at some stage during the illness. They often have a significant impact on caregiver well-being and vice versa - caregivers response to BPSD can impact on the well-being of the care recipient with dementia (Feast et al., 2016A). The relationship between caregiver and care-recipient factors when it comes to BPSD is complex and more detailed research is needed to be able to progress to more effective interventions and support...
September 16, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609932/pilot-testing-of-the-eit-4-bpsd-intervention
#12
Barbara Resnick, Ann Kolanowski, Kimberly Van Haitsma, Marie Boltz, Elizabeth Galik, Alice Bonner, Erin Vigne, Lauren Holtzman, Paula M Mulhall
Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia are common in nursing home residents, and the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services now require that nonpharmacological interventions be used as a first-line treatment. Few staff know how to implement these interventions. The purpose of this study was to pilot test an implementation strategy, Evidence Integration Triangle for Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia (EIT-4-BPSD), which was developed to help staff integrate behavioral interventions into routine care...
November 2016: American Journal of Alzheimer's Disease and Other Dementias
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590309/personality-of-the-caregiver-influences-the-use-of-strategies-to-deal-with-the-behavior-of-persons-with-dementia
#13
Graça Melo, João Maroco, Marta Lima-Basto, Alexandre de Mendonça
Personality of family caregiver is an important factor influencing the caregiver's burden, depression and distress. We now hypothesized that the personality is associated with specific strategies used by family caregivers to deal with the behavioral and psychological symptoms of demented relatives (BPSD). Participants were 98 consecutive persons with dementia and their family caregivers. Assessments included: Personality (NEO-FFI), Burden (ZBI), Depression (CES-D), Cognitive Function (MMSE), BPSD (NPI), Distress (NPI-D), and an open question to identify the strategies used by caregivers when faced with BPSD...
August 30, 2016: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27584047/the-use-of-psychotropic-drugs-for-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-among-residents-in-long-term-care-facilities-in-japan
#14
Takashi Ozaki, Yuriko Katsumata, Asuna Arai
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether the use of psychotropic drugs (PDs) was related to behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) focusing on the prevalence, numbers of symptoms, severity, and care burden among the elderly with BPSD living in long-term care facilities in Japan. METHOD: We conducted a cross-sectional survey among older people with dementia or similar symptoms (n = 312) using a questionnaire for care staff in 10 selected long-term care facilities...
September 1, 2016: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27581115/-guideline-adherent-inpatient-psychiatric-psychotherapeutic-treatment-of-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-normative-definition-of-personnel-requirements
#15
K Radenbach, J Retzlik, S H Meyer-Rötz, C Wolff-Menzler, J Wolff, H Esselmann, F Godemann, M Riemenschneider, J Wiltfang, F Jessen
BACKGROUND: Dementia is of increasing medical and societal relevance. Hospitalization of dementia patients is mostly due to behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). There is a need for sufficient qualified personnel in hospitals in order to be able to effectively treat these symptoms. OBJECTIVES: This study aims at identifying the personnel requirements for guideline-conform, evidence-based inpatient treatment concepts for patients with BPSD and to compare these with the resources defined by the German psychiatric personnel regulations (Psych-PV)...
August 31, 2016: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543054/the-use-of-non-pharmacological-interventions-for-dementia-behaviours-in-care-homes-findings-from-four-in-depth-ethnographic-case-studies
#16
Tamara Backhouse, Anne Killett, Bridget Penhale, Richard Gray
BACKGROUND: antipsychotic medications have been used to manage behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD). Due to the potential risks associated with these medications for people with dementia, non-pharmacological interventions (NPIs) have been recommended as safer alternatives. However, it is unknown if, or how, these interventions are used in care homes to help people experiencing BPSD. AIM: to explore the use of NPIs in care homes to manage BPSD...
August 18, 2016: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27530185/do-antipsychotics-lead-to-cognitive-impairment-in-dementia-a-meta-analysis-of-randomised-placebo-controlled-trials
#17
Alexander Wolf, Stefan Leucht, Frank-Gerald Pajonk
Behavioural and psychological symptoms in dementia (BPSD) are common and often treated with antipsychotics, which are known to have small efficacy and to cause many side effects. One potential side effect might be cognitive decline. We searched MEDLINE, Scopus, CENTRAL and www.ClincalStudyResult.org for randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials using antipsychotics for treating BPSD and evaluated cognitive functioning. The studies identified were summarized in a meta-analysis with the standardized mean difference (SMD, Hedges's g) as the effect size...
August 16, 2016: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497482/yokukansan-in-the-treatment-of-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-an-updated-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#18
Shinji Matsunaga, Taro Kishi, Nakao Iwata
BACKGROUND: Previous clinical studies found that yokukansan has a therapeutic effect on behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) in dementia patients. OBJECTIVE: To perform an updated meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) testing yokukansan for patients with BPSD. METHODS: Primary efficacy and safety endpoints were BPSD total scores and all-cause discontinuation, respectively. Secondary outcomes were BPSD subscales, cognitive function scores [Mini-mental state examination (MMSE)], activities of daily living (ADL) scores, discontinuation due to adverse events (AEs), and incidences of AEs...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491532/longitudinal-course-of-behavioural-and-psychological-symptoms-of-dementia-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Rianne M van der Linde, Tom Dening, Blossom C M Stephan, A Matthew Prina, Elizabeth Evans, Carol Brayne
BACKGROUND: More information about the pattern of behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) in the course of dementia is needed to inform patients and clinicians and to design future interventions. AIMS: To determine the persistence and incidence of BPSD and their relation to cognitive function, in individuals with dementia or in cohorts investigated for dementia onset. METHOD: A systematic literature review analysed the baseline prevalence, persistence and incidence of 11 symptoms...
November 2016: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27457894/stressors-and-anxiety-in-dementia-caregiving-multiple-mediation-analysis-of-rumination-experiential-avoidance-and-leisure
#20
R Romero-Moreno, A Losada, M Márquez-González, B T Mausbach
BACKGROUND: Despite the robust associations between stressors and anxiety in dementia caregiving, there is a lack of research examining which factors contribute to explain this relationship. This study was designed to test a multiple mediation model of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) and anxiety that proposes higher levels of rumination and experiential avoidance and lower levels of leisure satisfaction as potential mediating variables. METHODS: The sample consisted of 256 family caregivers...
July 26, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
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