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DVT AND trauma

Y Pan, J Zhao, J Mei, M Shao, J Zhang, H Wu
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of thrombus was investigated within retrievable filters placed in trauma patients with confirmed DVT at the time of retrieval and the optimal treatment for this clinical scenario was assessed. A technique called "filter retrieval with manual negative pressure aspiration thrombectomy" for management of filter thrombus was introduced and assessed. METHODS: The retrievable filters referred for retrieval between January 2008 and December 2015 were retrospectively reviewed to determine the incidence of filter thrombus on a pre-retrieval cavogram...
September 27, 2016: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
Stacy A Voils, Stephen J Lemon, Janeen Jordan, Paul Riley, Reginald Frye
: Incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in adult trauma patients is high despite mechanical and pharmacologic prophylaxis. We hypothesized that thrombin formation capacity as measured by calibrated automated thrombogram (CAT) is increased early in hospitalization and is associated with the development of VTE. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study in adult, critically ill trauma patients. Plasma was generated from whole blood samples collected within the first 3days of hospital admission...
September 20, 2016: Thrombosis Research
Rajeev B Ahuja, Priya Bansal, Gaurav S Pradhan, Manju Subberwal
INTRODUCTION: The high prevalence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) reported in prospective studies and the unreliability of clinical diagnosis mandates prospective screening for DVT in burn patients. Our study seeks to compare D-dimer and Doppler ultrasound (DUS) in search for a practical, inexpensive and a reliable screening tool. METHODS: One hundred burn patients (inclusion criteria: 30-60% TBSA burn, >18 years of age, admitted within 48h of burn) were computer randomized into two equal groups...
September 14, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Rajeev B Ahuja, Priya Bansal, Gaurav S Pradhan, Manju Subberwal
INTRODUCTION: Morbidity and mortality from venous thrombo-embolism (VTE) remains a significant problem for trauma and medical patients and there are established guidelines for prophylaxis in these patients. However, the efficacy and safety of VTE prophylaxis in thermally injured patients continue to be elusive as it has never been studied in a prospective, randomized fashion. Selective use of VTE prophylaxis, for high risk patients, is practiced by some burn units even if objective evidence is lacking for majority of risk factors enunciated in burn patients...
September 12, 2016: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
Nan Song, Ai-Xian Tian, Jian-Min Zhang, Hong-Qiang Jiang, Jia-Cheng Zang, Xin-Long Ma
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between F11 rs2289252, rs2036914 polymorphisms and the activity of clotting factor XI in post-trauma patients with fractures receiving routine anticoagulation therapy for deep venous thrombosis (DVT). METHODS: A case-control study involving 110 consecutive post-trauma patients with fractures and DVT in our hospital was conducted from April 2014 to October 2015; these patients comprised a DVT group. Another 40 sex- and age-matched patients with fractures but without DVT served as controls...
August 2016: Orthopaedic Surgery
Rachael Hunter, Sarah Lewis, Simon Noble, Jaynie Rance, Paul D Bennett
OBJECTIVES: Venous thromboembolism (VTE, including deep vein thrombosis [DVT] and pulmonary embolism [PE]) is a serious, potentially traumatic, life-threatening condition and a major cause of mortality and morbidity. The aim of this study was to explore the patients' experiences of VTE and its psychosocial impact. METHODS: Audio-recorded semistructured interviews with a purposive sample of 12 participants who had experienced a first-time DVT or PE within the previous 6 months...
September 9, 2016: British Journal of Health Psychology
Stavros K Kakkos, Joseph A Caprini, George Geroulakos, Andrew N Nicolaides, Gerard Stansby, Daniel J Reddy, Ioannis Ntouvas
BACKGROUND: It is generally assumed by practitioners and guideline authors that combined modalities (methods of treatment) are more effective than single modalities in preventing venous thromboembolism (VTE), defined as deep vein thrombosis (DVT) or pulmonary embolism (PE), or both. This is an update of the review first published in 2008. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review was to assess the efficacy of combined intermittent pneumatic leg compression (IPC) and pharmacological prophylaxis versus single modalities in preventing venous thromboembolism...
September 7, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Brandon W Godfrey, Ashley Martin, Paul J Chestovich, Gordon H Lee, Nichole K Ingalls, Vilas Saldanha
INTRODUCTION: Improvised Explosive Devices (IED) are the primary wounding mechanism for casualties in Operation Enduring Freedom. Patients can sustain devastating traumatic amputations, which are unlike injuries seen in the civilian trauma sector. This is a database analysis of the largest patient registry of multiple traumatic amputations. METHODS: The Joint Theater Trauma Registry was queried for patients with a traumatic amputation from 2009 to 2012. Data obtained included the Injury Severity Score (ISS), Glasgow Coma Score (GCS), blood products, transfer from theatre, and complications including DVT, PE, infection (Acinetobacter and fungal), acute renal failure, and rhabdomyolysis...
August 17, 2016: Injury
Lauren N Bell, Richard L Berg, John R Schmelzer, Hong Liang, Joseph J Mazza, Rajan Kanth, Christopher L Bray, Calixto B Zaldivar, Steven H Yale
Superficial vein thrombosis (SVT) may be associated with complications such as venous thromboembolism (VTE) and recurrent SVT. The purpose of this study was to explore risk factors among patients with a first isolated episode of SVT (index SVT) involving upper and lower extremities and to estimate the prevalence of VTE complications within 1 year of index SVT. Retrospective chart review of electronic records at Marshfield Clinic in Wisconsin identified 381 subjects with a first isolated SVT diagnosis (male/female: 170/211; median age 59...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
Joshua D Brown, Jeffery C Talbert
INTRODUCTION: There is a wide variation in the use of vena cava filter (VCF). OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the hospital and patient characteristics associated with VCF use in deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). METHODS: Inpatient discharge data from all acute care hospitals with DVT/PE during 2008-2014 in Kentucky were used. Hierarchical logistic regression models were used to evaluate the relationships of study variables with VCF use...
August 19, 2016: Medical Care
William R VanWye, Jase Pinerola, Karen Craig Ogle, Harvey W Wallmann
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Screening for referral, regardless of setting, is the responsibility of all physical therapists. A serious condition that sports physical therapists may encounter is upper extremity (UE) deep venous thrombosis (DVT), which can result in the important and sometimes fatal complication of pulmonary embolism. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 22 year-old male right-hand dominant collegiate pitcher was referred for physical therapist evaluation and treatment secondary to acute right UE pain and swelling...
August 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
George A Singer, Gina Riggi, Charles A Karcutskie, Tanaz M Vaghaiwalla, Howard M Lieberman, Enrique Ginzburg, Nicholas Namias, Edward B Lineen
BACKGROUND: Appropriate prophylaxis against venous thromboembolism (VTE) remains undefined. This study evaluated an anti-Xa-guided enoxaparin thromboprophylaxis protocol on the incidence of VTE in high-risk trauma patients based upon Greenfield's Risk Assessment Profile (RAP) score. METHODS: This is a retrospective observational study of patients admitted to a trauma ICU over a 12-month period. Patients were included if they received anti-Xa-guided enoxaparin thromboprophylaxis...
August 3, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Arjun S Sebastian, Bradford L Currier, Michelle J Clarke, Dirk Larson, Paul M Huddleston, Ahmad Nassr
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective matched cohort analysis. OBJECTIVE: The majority of the literature on venous thromboembolism (VTE) after spine surgery is limited to studies of thoracolumbar surgery. Less is known regarding the incidence of VTE and associated risk factors following cervical spine surgery. METHODS: A total of 5,405 patients at our institution underwent cervical diskectomy, laminectomy, corpectomy, laminoplasty, or fusion between 1995 and 2012; 85 of the 5,405 patients (1...
August 2016: Global Spine Journal
R Michael Meyer, M Benjamin Larkin, Nicholas S Szuflita, Chris J Neal, Jeffrey M Tomlin, Rocco A Armonda, Jeffrey A Bailey, Randy S Bell
OBJECTIVE Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is independently associated with deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE). Given the numerous studies of civilian closed-head injury, the Brain Trauma Foundation recommends venous thromboembolism chemoprophylaxis (VTC) after severe TBI. No studies have specifically examined this practice in penetrating brain injury (PBI). Therefore, the authors examined the safety and effectiveness of early VTC after PBI with respect to worsening intracranial hemorrhage and DVT or PE...
June 17, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
Shrey Modi, Ryan Deisler, Karen Gozel, Patty Reicks, Eric Irwin, Melissa Brunsvold, Kaysie Banton, Greg J Beilman
BACKGROUND: Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) is a common complication in trauma patients. Venous duplex surveillance is used widely for the diagnosis of DVT, however, there is controversy concerning its appropriate use. The Wells criterion is a clinically validated scoring system in an outpatient setting, but its use in trauma patients has not been studied. This study evaluated the application of the Wells scoring system in trauma population. METHODS: Wells scores were calculated retrospectively for all patients who were admitted to the trauma service and underwent Venous Duplex Scanning (VDS) at the author's institution between 2012 and 2013...
2016: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
Brian T Wessman, Carrie Sona, Marilyn Schallom
BACKGROUND: Poor communication among health-care providers is cited as the most common cause of sentinel events involving patients. Patient care in the critical care setting is incredibly complex. A consistent care plan is necessary between day/night shift teams and among bedside intensive care unit (ICU) nurses, consultants, and physicians. Our goal was to create a novel, easily accessible communication device to improve ICU patient care. METHODS: This communication improvement project was done at an academic tertiary surgical/trauma/mixed 36-bed ICU with an average of 214 admissions per month...
June 6, 2016: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
Parisa P Javedani, Radhika Ratnabalasuriar, Kristi J H Grall
BACKGROUND: Compartment syndrome occurs when an increase in pressure results in vascular and functional impairment of the underlying nerve and muscles. Thigh compartment syndrome (TCS) is uncommon, but clinical suspicion warrants emergent surgical consultation and fasciotomy. CASE REPORT: We present a 42-year-old man evaluated for right lateral thigh pain, without a history of trauma, deep venous thrombosis (DVT), previous surgery, or intravenous drug use. He was febrile, tachycardic, with a mild leukocytosis, an elevated C-reactive protein level, and an elevated creatinine kinase level...
July 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Nicole T Gordon, Martin A Schreiber
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary embolis (PEs) are thought to emanate from deep vein thromboses (DVTs). Government agencies now use thromboembolic events as a quality metric for reimbursement for care. Recent data suggest that PEs and DVTs may represent different pathologic processes. We sought to identify separate risk factors for PEs and DVTs to test whether they are the same disease process. METHODS: A retrospective review of the National Trauma Data Bank between 2007 and 2010 was performed...
May 2016: Military Medicine
Shahram Paydar, Golnar Sabetian, Hosseinali Khalili, Javad Fallahi, Mohammad Tahami, Bizhan Ziaian, Hamid Reza Abbasi, Shahram Bolandparvaz, Fariborz Ghaffarpasand, Zahra Ghahramani
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PTE) are known as venous thromboembolism (VTE). DVT occurs when a thrombus (a blood clot) forms in deep veins of the body, usually in the lower extremities. It can cause swelling or leg pain, but sometimes may occur with no symptoms. Awareness of DVT is the best way to prevent the VTE. Patients with trauma are at increased risk of DVT and subsequent PE because of coagulopathy in patients with multiple trauma, DVT prophylaxis is essential but the VTE prophylaxis strategy is controversial for the trauma patients...
January 2016: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
Paul S Whiting, Gabrielle A White-Dzuro, Sarah E Greenberg, Jacob P VanHouten, Frank R Avilucea, William T Obremskey, Manish K Sethi
BACKGROUND: Deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) are recognized as major causes of morbidity and mortality in orthopaedic trauma patients. Despite the high incidence of these complications following orthopaedic trauma, there is a paucity of literature investigating the clinical risk factors for DVT in this specific population. As our healthcare system increasingly emphasizes quality measures, it is critical for orthopaedic surgeons to understand the clinical factors that increase the risk of DVT following orthopaedic trauma...
March 2016: Archives of Trauma Research
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