keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Rotavirus vaccine

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340179/open-label-pilot-study-to-compare-the-safety-and-immunogenicity-of-pentavalent-rotavirus-vaccine-rv5-administered-on-an-early-alternative-dosing-schedule-with-those-of-rv5-administered-on-the-recommended-standard-schedule
#1
Ezzeldin Saleh, Brian Eichner, Douglas W Clark, Martha E Gagliano, James M Troutman, Lynn Harrington, Monica McNeal, Dennis Clements
This study compares the safety and immunogenicity of pentavalent rotavirus vaccine (RV5) administered on an alternative schedule (initiated at 2-5 weeks of age) with those of RV5 administered on the recommended standard schedule. Our findings support the future conduct of larger clinical trials to confirm the safety and efficacy of rotavirus vaccination in the neonatal period.
March 3, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332371/relationship-between-pentavalent-rotavirus-vaccine-and-intussusception-a-retrospective-study-at-a-single-center-in-korea
#2
Kyu Yeun Kim, Dong Soo Kim
PURPOSE: Despite withdrawal of RotaShield® and the development of second generation live attenuated rotavirus vaccines, concerns remain regarding the relationship between rotavirus vaccine and intussusception. Nevertheless, since there is no study in Korea, we reviewed data from cases at Severance Children's Hospital to determine the association between rotavirus vaccine and intussusception. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients coded as intussusception and following a prescription of RotaTeq® from 2007 to 2013 were reviewed...
May 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329092/secretor-and-salivary-abo-blood-group-antigen-status-predict-rotavirus-vaccine-take-in-infants
#3
Abdul Momin Kazi, Margaret M Cortese, Ying Yu, Benjamin Lopman, Ardythe L Morrow, Jessica A Fleming, Monica M McNeal, A Duncan Steele, Umesh D Parashar, Anita K M Zaidi, Asad Ali
Histo-blood group antigens (HBGA) expressed on enterocytes are proposed receptors for rotaviruses and can be measured in saliva. Among 181 Pakistani infants in a G1P[8] rotavirus vaccine trial that were seronegative at baseline, anti-rotavirus IgA seroconversion rates after 3 vaccine doses differed significantly by HBGA phenotype: lowest (19%) among infants who were non-secretors (ie, do not express the carbohydrate synthesized by FUT2 gene), intermediate among non-blood group O secretors (30%) and highest (51%) among O-blood group secretors...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328346/efficacy-of-a-low-cost-heat-stable-oral-rotavirus-vaccine-in-niger
#4
Sheila Isanaka, Ousmane Guindo, Celine Langendorf, Amadou Matar Seck, Brian D Plikaytis, Nathan Sayinzoga-Makombe, Monica M McNeal, Nicole Meyer, Eric Adehossi, Ali Djibo, Bruno Jochum, Rebecca F Grais
Background Each year, rotavirus gastroenteritis is responsible for about 37% of deaths from diarrhea among children younger than 5 years of age worldwide, with a disproportionate effect in sub-Saharan Africa. Methods We conducted a randomized, placebo-controlled trial in Niger to evaluate the efficacy of a live, oral bovine rotavirus pentavalent vaccine (BRV-PV, Serum Institute of India) to prevent severe rotavirus gastroenteritis. Healthy infants received three doses of the vaccine or placebo at 6, 10, and 14 weeks of age...
March 23, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328339/rotavirus-vaccines-a-new-hope
#5
EDITORIAL
Mathuram Santosham, Duncan Steele
Rotavirus gastroenteritis is the leading cause of diarrhea-associated hospitalization and death in children younger than 5 years of age, with more than 85% of the approximately 200,000 annual rotavirus deaths occurring in Africa and Asia. Since improvements in water, sanitation, and hygiene do not..
March 23, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321789/longitudinal-study-of-bovine-rotavirus-group-a-in-newborn-calves-from-vaccinated-and-unvaccinated-dairy-herds
#6
Thaís Gomes Rocha, Fernanda Dornelas Florentino Silva, Fábio Gregori, Amauri Alcindo Alfieri, Maria da Glória Buzinaro, José Jurandir Fagliari
Reports of rotavirus excretion in calves usually result from cross-sectional studies, and in face of the conflicting results regarding protection of calves born to vaccinated dams against diarrhea, the aim of the present study was to evaluate rotavirus excretion in dairy calves born to vaccinated or unvaccinated dams, to identify the genotypes of bovine rotavirus group A (RVA) strains isolated from these animals as well as to investigate characteristics of the disease in naturally occurring circumstances throughout the first month of life...
March 20, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320411/human-rotavirus-strains-circulating-in-venezuela-after-vaccine-introduction-predominance-of-g2p-4-and-reemergence-of-g1p-8
#7
Esmeralda Vizzi, Oscar A Piñeros, M Daniela Oropeza, Laura Naranjo, José A Suárez, Rixio Fernández, José L Zambrano, Argelia Celis, Ferdinando Liprandi
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus (RV) is the most common cause of severe childhood diarrhea worldwide. Despite Venezuela was among the first developing countries to introduce RV vaccines into their national immunization schedules, RV is still contributing to the burden of diarrhea. Concerns exist about the selective pressure that RV vaccines could exert on the predominant types and/or emergence of new strains. RESULTS: To assess the impact of RV vaccines on the genotype distribution 1 year after the vaccination was implemented, a total of 912 fecal specimens, collected from children with acute gastroenteritis in Caracas from February 2007 to April 2008, were screened, of which 169 (18...
March 21, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303815/prevalence-and-characterization-of-rotaviruses-in-children-hospitalized-for-diarrheal-disease-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-pune
#8
Sae Satish Pol, Ashwini Kacharu Dedwal, Sujata Sudhir Ranshing, Shobha Dattatray Chitambar, Sushma Narayan Pednekar, Renu Satish Bharadwaj
BACKGROUND: Diarrhoea remains the second most common cause of death among children below 5 years globally. Among various enteric pathogens, rotavirus appears to be the most important aetiological agent of acute gastroenteritis in infants and young children. Increased understanding of epidemiology of rotavirus infections is needed to improve the vaccine efficacy. AIM: This study aims to determine prevalence rotavirus infection and prevalent circulating strains of rotavirus in and around Pune...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284625/putative-vaccine-breakthrough-event-associated-with-heterotypic-rotavirus-infection-in-newborn-calves-turkey-2015
#9
Ilke Karayel, Enikő Fehér, Szilvia Marton, Nüvit Coskun, Krisztián Bányai, Feray Alkan
Group A rotaviruses (RVA) are regarded as major enteric pathogens of large ruminants, including cattle. Rotavirus vaccines administered to pregnant cows are commonly used to provide passive immunity that protects newborn calves from the clinical disease. In this study we report the detection of RVA from calves with severe diarrhea in a herd regularly vaccinated to prevent enteric infections including RVA. Diarrheic disease was observed in newborn calves aged 4-15days, with high morbidity and mortality rates, but no diarrhea was seen in adult animals...
March 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281866/rotavirus-vaccines-in-israel-uptake-and-impact
#10
Khitam Muhsen, Daniel Cohen
We present an overview of the impact of universal rotavirus immunization with the pentavalent vaccine, RotaReq, which was introduced in Israel in 2010. The vaccine is given free of charge at age two, four and six months, with an 80% coverage that was shortly achieved during the universal immunization period. Compared to pre-universal immunization years (2008-2010), a reduction of 66-68% in the incidence of rotavirus gastroenteritis (RVGE) hospitalizations was observed in 2011-2015 among children aged 0-23 months in central and northern Israel...
March 10, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278415/paediatric-active-enhanced-disease-surveillance-inaugural-annual-report-2014
#11
Yvonne A Zurynski, Jocelynne E McRae, Helen E Quinn, Nicholas J Wood, Kristine K Macartney
INTRODUCTION: The Paediatric Active Enhanced Disease Surveillance (PAEDS) network is a hospital-based active surveillance system employing prospective case ascertainment of selected uncommon vaccine preventable diseases and potential adverse events following immunisation (AEFI). PAEDS enhances other Australian surveillance systems by providing prospective detailed clinical and laboratory data for the same child. METHODS: Specialist surveillance nurses screen hospital admissions, emergency department records, laboratory and other data, to prospectively identify hospitalised children aged under 15 years in 5 paediatric tertiary referral hospitals in New South Wales, Victoria, South Australia, Western Australia and Queensland...
September 30, 2016: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250254/changes-in-rotavirus-genotypes-before-and-after-vaccine-introduction-a-multicenter-prospective-observational-study-in-three-areas-of-japan
#12
Takaaki Tanaka, Hajime Kamiya, Kazutoyo Asada, Shigeru Suga, Masaru Ido, Masakazu Umemoto, Kazunobu Ouchi, Hiroaki Ito, Haruo Kuroki, Takashi Nakano, Koki Taniguchi
In Japan, monovalent and pentavalent rotavirus (RV) vaccines were approved in 2011 and 2012, respectively. To monitor the changes in the RV genotypes before and after vaccine introduction, we performed a prospective observational study among children (<5 years) with gastroenteritis who tested RV-positive on antigen rapid tests. Stool samples were collected from three different sites in Japan: Tsu City, Mie Prefecture; Kurashiki City, Okayama Prefecture; and Isumi City, Chiba Prefecture. RV genotypes were determined using reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction...
February 28, 2017: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249046/impact-of-vaccine-herd-protection-effects-in-cost-effectiveness-analyses-of-childhood-vaccinations-a-quantitative-comparative-analysis
#13
Marisa Holubar, Maria Christina Stavroulakis, Yvonne Maldonado, John P A Ioannidis, Despina Contopoulos-Ioannidis
BACKGROUND: Inclusion of vaccine herd-protection effects in cost-effectiveness analyses (CEAs) can impact the CEAs-conclusions. However, empirical epidemiologic data on the size of herd-protection effects from original studies are limited. METHODS: We performed a quantitative comparative analysis of the impact of herd-protection effects in CEAs for four childhood vaccinations (pneumococcal, meningococcal, rotavirus and influenza). We considered CEAs reporting incremental-cost-effectiveness-ratios (ICERs) (per quality-adjusted-life-years [QALY] gained; per life-years [LY] gained or per disability-adjusted-life-years [DALY] avoided), both with and without herd protection, while keeping all other model parameters stable...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248921/development-of-improved-vaccine-cell-lines-against-rotavirus
#14
Weilin Wu, Nichole Orr-Burks, Jon Karpilow, Ralph A Tripp
Rotavirus is a major cause of severe gastroenteritis among very young children. In developing countries, rotavirus is the major cause of mortality in children under five years old, causing up to 20% of all childhood deaths in countries with high diarrheal disease burden, with more than 90% of these deaths occurring in Africa and Asia. Rotavirus vaccination mimics the first infection without causing illness, thus inducing strong and broad heterotypic immunity against prospective rotavirus infections. Two live vaccines are available, Rotarix and RotaTeq, but vaccination efforts are hampered by high production costs...
March 1, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246579/rotavirus-vaccine-and-health-care-utilization-for-rotavirus-gastroenteritis-in-tsu-city-japan
#15
Kazutoyo Asada, Hajime Kamiya, Shigeru Suga, Mizuho Nagao, Ryoji Ichimi, Takao Fujisawa, Masakazu Umemoto, Takaaki Tanaka, Hiroaki Ito, Shigeki Tanaka, Masaru Ido, Koki Taniguchi, Toshiaki Ihara, Takashi Nakano
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus vaccines were introduced in Japan in November 2011. We evaluated the subsequent reduction of the health-care burden of rotavirus gastroenteritis. METHODS: We conducted active surveillance for rotavirus gastroenteritis among children under 5 years old before and after the vaccine introduction. We surveyed hospitalization rates for rotavirus gastroenteritis in children in Tsu City, Mie Prefecture, Japan, from 2007 to 2015 and surveyed the number of outpatient visits at a Tsu City clinic from 2010 to 2015...
October 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242070/feasibility-of-using-regional-sentinel-surveillance-to-monitor-the-rotavirus-vaccine-impact-effectiveness-and-intussusception-incidence-in-the-african-region
#16
Inácio Mandomando, Goitom Weldegebriel, Nilsa de Deus, Jason M Mwenda
The 9th African rotavirus symposium was held in Maputo, Mozambique from the 8th to 10th of December 2015, including a total of 101 delegates from 17 countries, 15 of which were African countries. This forum brought together participants with various expertise including scientists, clinicians, immunization program managers, public health officials and policymakers. By the time of the symposium, 29/47 (61%) of countries in the World Health Organization (WHO) African Region had introduced rotavirus vaccine into their routine immunization program...
February 24, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240365/full-genome-analysis-of-rotavirus-g9p-8-strains-identified-in-acute-gastroenteritis-cases-reveals-genetic-diversity-pune-western-india
#17
Vaishali S Tatte, Deepa Chaphekar, Varanasi Gopalkrishna
Group A rotaviruses (RVA) are the major enteric etiological agents of severe acute gastroenteritis among children globally. As G9 RVA now represents as one of the major human RVA genotypes, studies on full genome of this particular genotype are being carried out worldwide. So far, no such studies on G9P[8] RVAs have been reported from Pune, western part of India. Keeping in view of this, the study was undertaken to understand the degree of genetic diversity of the commonly circulating G9P[8] RVA strains. Rotavirus surveillance studies carried out earlier during the years 2009-2011 showed increase in the prevalence of G9P[8] RVAs...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221240/the-residual-vaccine-preventable-burden-of-rotavirus-disease
#18
Bethany K Sederdahl, Jumi Yi, Robert Jerris, Scott E Gillespie, Lars F Westblade, Colleen S Kraft, Andi L Shane, Ben Lopman, Evan J Anderson
From July 2007-June 2015, 61% of rotavirus-positive, vaccine-eligible children were unvaccinated for rotavirus. Of these, 67% of children had received DTaP within the recommended age for rotavirus vaccine initiation. Improving linkage between rotavirus and DTaP administration may impact the residual burden of U.S. rotavirus disease.
February 15, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216189/rotavirus-immunization-global-coverage-and-local-barriers-for-implementation
#19
Andrea Lo Vecchio, Ilaria Liguoro, Jorge Amil Dias, James A Berkley, Chris Boey, Mitchell B Cohen, Sylvia Cruchet, Eduardo Salazar-Lindo, Samir Podder, Bhupinder Sandhu, Philip M Sherman, Toshiaki Shimizu, Alfredo Guarino
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus (RV) is a major agent of gastroenteritis and an important cause of child death worldwide. Immunization (RVI) has been available since 2006, and the Federation of International Societies of Gastroenterology Hepatology and Nutrition (FISPGHAN) identified RVI as a top priority for the control of diarrheal illness. A FISPGHAN working group on acute diarrhea aimed at estimating the current RVI coverage worldwide and identifying barriers to implementation at local level...
February 16, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214189/economic-assessment-of-rotavirus-vaccination-in-saudi-arabia
#20
Amal Y A Al-Aidaroos, Baudouin Standaert, Kinga Meszaros, Atef M Shibl
In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), rotavirus universal mass vaccination has been introduced in 2013, however, there is limited information available on the economic benefit and the epidemiological impact of the programme to date. We used a Markov cohort model to evaluate and compare the economic value of rotavirus vaccination with no vaccination in a birth cohort of 562,428 infants. This lifetime analysis considered the societal perspective. Model input was obtained through consensus of local experts after two rounds of evaluation of the proposed estimates...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
keyword
keyword
3187
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"