keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Musculo-skeletal

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705295/strength-training-for-women-as-a-vehicle-for-health-promotion-at-work
#1
Kai Nestler, Alexander Witzki, Ulrich Rohde, Thomas Rüther, Kim Alexander Tofaute, Dieter Leyk
BACKGROUND: Women, on average, have less muscle strength than men. This anthropometric-physiological trait may make them more vulnerable to ex - cessive physical strain, injury, and inability to work. Strength training is used for preventive health maintenance and to lessen musculoskeletal symptoms. In this context, we studied whether the degree of muscle strength has any effect on women's health in everyday working life, and also the effects of strength training for women on their health in the workplace...
June 30, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664458/quality-of-life-assessment-in-musculo-skeletal-health
#2
REVIEW
Charlotte Beaudart, Emmanuel Biver, Olivier Bruyère, Cyrus Cooper, Nasser Al-Daghri, Jean-Yves Reginster, René Rizzoli
Musculoskeletal disorders affect morbidity, quality of life and mortality, and represent an increasing economic and societal burden in the context of population aging and increased life expectancy. Improvement of quality of life should be one of the priorities of any interventions to prevent and treat musculoskeletal disorders in the ageing population. Two main approaches, namely generic and disease-specific instruments, can be applied to measure health-related quality of life. Among the generic tools available in scientific literature, the short form 36 questionnaire (SF-36) and the Euroqol five item questionnaire (EQ-5D) are two of the most popular questionnaires used to quantify the health related quality of life in people with musculoskeletal disorders...
June 29, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660603/-clinical-and-diagnostic-features-of-trochanteric-tuberculosis
#3
I Mahmoud, L Gafsi, O Saidane, A Souayah, R Tekaya, H Sahli, L Abdelmoula
Trochanteric tuberculosis is a very rare localization of musculo-skeletal tuberculosis. The diagnosis is difficult and is often made in a late stage. The authors describe five cases of trochanteric tuberculosis. The mean age of patients was 46.6 years. Time to diagnosis was long (7.6 months on average). The tuberculosis was plurifocal in all cases. Diagnosis was based on positive Lowenstein culture in one case, on the presence of caseum granuloma in one case and through a pathognommonic manifestation in one case...
June 28, 2017: Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601242/kinematic-models-of-lower-limb-joints-for-musculo-skeletal-modelling-and-optimization-in-gait-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Alberto Leardini, Claudio Belvedere, Fabrizio Nardini, Nicola Sancisi, Michele Conconi, Vincenzo Parenti-Castelli
Kinematic models of lower limb joints have several potential applications in musculoskeletal modelling of the locomotion apparatus, including the reproduction of the natural joint motion. These models have recently revealed their value also for in vivo motion analysis experiments, where the soft-tissue artefact is a critical known problem. This arises at the interface between the skin markers and the underlying bone, and can be reduced by defining multibody kinematic models of the lower limb and by running optimization processes aimed at obtaining estimates of position and orientation of relevant bones...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560633/simultaneous-living-donor-liver-transplant-with-sleeve-gastrectomy-for-metabolic-syndrome-and-nash-related-esld-first-report-from-india
#5
Suneed Kumar, Nidhi Khandelwal, Abhaya Kumar, Kapildev Yadav, Swapnil Sharma, Shailesh Sable, Ashutosh Chauhan, Sorabh Kapoor, Vibha Varma, Jaydeep Palep, Vinay Kumaran
Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) with morbid obesity and metabolic syndrome is now a common cause of end-stage liver disease (ESLD). These patients are high-risk candidates for liver transplant, and require bariatric surgery to prevent recurrent disease in the new liver. Data reports bariatric surgery after transplant, which maybe difficult because of adhesions between the stomach and liver in living donor liver transplant (LDLT) recipient. We report the first case of combined LDLT with sleeve gastrectomy (SG) from India...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549648/characterization-of-long-term-gait-deficits-in-mouse-dmcao-using-the-catwalk-system
#6
E Caballero-Garrido, J C Pena-Philippides, Z Galochkina, E Erhardt, T Roitbak
Evaluation of functional outcome is widely used across species to assess the recovery process following various pathological conditions, including spinal cord injury, musculo-skeletal injury, mithochondrial disease, neuropathic cancer, Huntington's disease, chronic pain, cortical lesion, and olivocerebellar degeneration among others. The Stroke Therapy Academic Industry Roundtable (STAIR) recommends multiple endpoints for behavioral studies in pre-clinical stroke research, to demonstrate their clinical relevance...
July 28, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472197/utilization-of-alternative-systems-of-medicine-as-health-care-services-in-india-evidence-on-ayush-care-from-nss-2014
#7
Shalini Rudra, Aakshi Kalra, Abhishek Kumar, William Joe
AYUSH, an acronym for Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, Sowa-Rigpa and Homeopathy represents the alternative systems of medicine recognized by the Government of India. Understanding the patterns of utilization of AYUSH care has been important for various reasons including an increased focus on its mainstreaming and integration with biomedicine-based health care system. Based on a nationally representative health survey 2014, we present an analysis to understand utilization of AYUSH care across socioeconomic and demographic groups in India...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470783/functional-analysis-of-the-musculo-skeletal-system-of-the-gill-apparatus-in-heptranchias-perlo-chondrichthyes-hexanchidae
#8
Nadezhda V Kryukova
Musculo-skeletal morphology is an indispensable source for understanding functional adaptations. Analysis of morphology of the branchial apparatus of Hexanchiform sharks can provide insight into aspects of their respiration that are difficult to observe directly. In this study, I compare the structure of the musculo-skeletal system of the gill apparatus of Heptranchias perlo and Squalus acanthias in respect to their adaptation for one of two respiratory mechanisms known in sharks, namely, the active two-pump (oropharyngeal and parabranchial) ventilation and the ram-jet ventilation...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Morphology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465030/twente-spine-model-a-complete-and-coherent-dataset-for-musculo-skeletal-modeling-of-the-thoracic-and-cervical-regions-of-the-human-spine
#9
Riza Bayoglu, Leo Geeraedts, Karlijn H J Groenen, Nico Verdonschot, Bart Koopman, Jasper Homminga
Musculo-skeletal modeling could play a key role in advancing our understanding of the healthy and pathological spine, but the credibility of such models are strictly dependent on the accuracy of the anatomical data incorporated. In this study, we present a complete and coherent musculo-skeletal dataset for the thoracic and cervical regions of the human spine, obtained through detailed dissection of an embalmed male cadaver. We divided the muscles into a number of muscle-tendon elements, digitized their attachments at the bones, and measured morphological muscle parameters...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378964/musculo-skeletal-and-pulmonary-effects-of-sitting-position-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Elżbieta Szczygieł, Katarzyna Zielonka, Sylwia Mętel, Joanna Golec
INTRODUCTION: Year after year, we spend an increasing amount of time in a sitting position. Often, we sit with poor posture, as indicated by numerous pain syndromes within the musculoskeletal system. Several reports confirm that body posture and the amount of time spent in a seated position have extensive implications for our health. Previous studies and a literature review suggest there is limited knowledge regarding an ergonomic sitting position. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to analyze the research relating to a proper sitting position and the consequences of incorrect sitting posture...
March 31, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366029/a-novel-mechanotronic-orthosis-enables-symmetrical-gait-kinematics-in-a-patient-with-a-femoral-nerve-palsy-a-case-study
#11
G M Hobusch, T Hasenöhrl, K Pieber, T Schmalz, S Dana, C Ambrozy, K Pohlig, H Dietl, R Crevenna, G von Skrbensky, C Hofer, R Auberger, R Windhager
The usage of stance- and swing-phase control orthoses (SSCOs) is a good option in patients with neuromuscular insufficiency of the quadriceps muscle in a broad range of musculo-skeletal disorders. The subjective sensation of improved mobility in daily life and walking comfort could be objectively confirmed by the ability to walk without crutches and by harmonization of the gait patterns in hip and knee. They could also be a considered mobility device after limb salvage surgery, which may even have an impact on preoperative decision making...
April 1, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331767/radiation-fibrosis-syndrome-imitating-breast-cancer-recurrence-a-case-report
#12
Dauren Sarsenov, Fatma Aktepe, Vahit Özmen
Nowadays, surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy are the most frequently used modalities in the treatment of breast cancer. It is very well-known that some severe complications may result from after these treatments. Early and late complications of radiotherapy are well known. The complications of radiation therapy may be seen in (early) or after three months (late-delayed) of periods. These complications may be related with direct or indirect effect of radiation. The radiation fibrosis syndrome is a progressive fibrotic tissue sclerosis together with various clinical symptoms in the irradiation field...
January 2017: Journal of Breast Health (2013)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255261/validation-of-the-french-version-of-the-patterns-of-activity-measure-in-patients-with-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain
#13
Charles Benaim, Bertrand Léger, Philippe Vuistiner, François Luthi
Background. The "Patterns of Activity Measure" (POAM-P) is a self-administered questionnaire that assesses "avoidance", "pacing" and "overdoing" activity patterns in chronic pain patients. Objectives. To adapt the POAM-P to French ("POAM-P/F") and test its validity and reliability in Chronic Musculo-Skeletal Pain patients (CMSP). Methods. We followed the recommended procedure for translation of questionnaires. Five hundred and ninety five inpatients, admitted to a tertiary rehab center in the French-speaking part of Switzerland for chronic pain after orthopedic trauma, were included (sex ratio M/F = 4...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131485/twente-spine-model-a-complete-and-coherent-dataset-for-musculo-skeletal-modeling-of-the-lumbar-region-of-the-human-spine
#14
Riza Bayoglu, Leo Geeraedts, Karlijn H J Groenen, Nico Verdonschot, Bart Koopman, Jasper Homminga
Musculo-skeletal modeling can greatly help in understanding normal and pathological functioning of the spine. For such models to produce reliable muscle and joint force estimations, an adequate set of musculo-skeletal data is necessary. In this study, we present a complete and coherent dataset for the lumbar spine, based on medical images and dissection measurements from one embalmed human cadaver. We divided muscles into muscle-tendon elements, digitized their attachments at the bones and measured morphological parameters...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28124381/broad-spectrum-health-improvements-with-one-year-of-soccer-training-in-inactive-mildly-hypertensive-middle-aged-women
#15
P Krustrup, M-B Skoradal, M B Randers, P Weihe, J Uth, J Mortensen, M Mohr
The study tested the hypothesis that long-term soccer training has positive impact on cardiovascular profile, body composition, bone health, and physical capacity in inactive, pre-menopausal women with mild hypertension. The study applied a randomized controlled design in which physically inactive middle-aged women were separated into a soccer training group (n=19; SOC) and a control group (n=12; CON). SOC performed 128±29 (±SD) one-h small-sided soccer training sessions over one year. Blood pressure, body composition, blood lipid profile, and fitness level were determined pre- and post-intervention...
January 25, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110688/intradialytic-creatine-supplementation-a-scientific-rationale-for-improving-the-health-and-quality-of-life-of-dialysis-patients
#16
REVIEW
Theo Wallimann, Uwe Riek, Michael Möddel
The CK/PCr-system, with creatine (Cr) as an energy precursor, plays a crucial role in cellular physiology. In the kidney, as in other organs and cells with high and fluctuating energy requirements, energy-charged phospho-creatine (PCr) acts as an immediate high-energy source and energy buffer, and as an intracellular energy transport vehicle. A maximally filled total Cr (Cr plus PCr) pool is a prerequisite for optimal functioning of the body and its organs, and health. Skeletal- and cardiac muscles of dialysis patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are depleted of Cr in parallel with the duration of dialysis...
February 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106286/tendinopathy-in-diabetes-mellitus-patients-epidemiology-pathogenesis-and-management
#17
REVIEW
Pauline Po Yee Lui
Chronic tendinopathy is a frequent and disabling musculo-skeletal problem affecting the athletic and general populations. The affected tendon is presented with local tenderness, swelling, and pain which restrict the activity of the individual. Tendon degeneration reduces the mechanical strength and predisposes it to rupture. The pathogenic mechanisms of chronic tendinopathy are not fully understood and several major non-mutually exclusive hypotheses including activation of the hypoxia-apoptosis-pro-inflammatory cytokines cascade, neurovascular ingrowth, increased production of neuromediators, and erroneous stem cell differentiation have been proposed...
January 20, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088314/is-advanced-paternal-age-a-health-risk-for-the-offspring
#18
REVIEW
Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen, Stine Kjaer Urhoj
In this article we review the epidemiologic evidence for adverse health effects in offspring of fathers of advanced age. First the evidence regarding fetal survival is addressed, and afterward we review the evidence regarding morbidity in children with older fathers. The adverse conditions most consistently associated with increased paternal age are stillbirths, musculo-skeletal syndromes, cleft palate, acute lymphoblastic leukemia and retinoblastoma, and neurodevelopmental disorders in the autism spectrum and schizophrenia...
February 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079133/mechanical-transgressive-segregation-and-the-rapid-origin-of-trophic-novelty
#19
Roi Holzman, C Darrin Hulsey
Hybrid phenotypes are often intermediate between those of parental species. However, hybridization can generate novel phenotypes when traits are complex. For instance, even when the morphologies of individual musculo-skeletal components do not segregate outside the parental range in hybrid offspring, complex functional systems can exhibit emergent phenotypes whose mechanics exceed the parental values. To determine if transgression in mechanics could facilitate divergence during an adaptive radiation, we examined three functional systems in the trophic apparatus of Lake Malawi cichlid fishes...
January 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048585/tu-d-206-03-ts-body-dose
#20
J Sabol
The current use of tomosynthesis for musculo-skeletal, abdominal, and thoracic imaging will be considered in four sections: A. Current Practice (M. Bath) : The presently available systems for body tomosynthesis will be reviewed and the current diagnostic applications described. B. Image Features and artifacts (M. FLynn): The consequence of a limited angle linear acquisition scan on image features and artifacts will be explained. C. Radiation Dose (J. Sabol): The organ dose associated with common tomosynthesis protocols will be reported and compared to the dose for radiographic and computed tomography procedures...
June 2016: Medical Physics
keyword
keyword
31868
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"