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Musculo-skeletal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159972/vitamin-b12-deficiency-and-impaired-expression-of-amnionless-during-aging
#1
Alice Pannérec, Eugenia Migliavacca, Antonio De Castro, Joris Michaud, Sonia Karaz, Laurence Goulet, Serge Rezzi, Tze Pin Ng, Nabil Bosco, Anis Larbi, Jerome N Feige
BACKGROUND: Physical frailty and loss of mobility in elderly individuals lead to reduced independence, quality of life, and increased mortality. Vitamin B12 deficiency has been linked to several age-related chronic diseases, including in the musculo-skeletal system, where vitamin B12 deficiency is generally believed to be linked to poor nutritional intake. In the present study, we asked whether aging and frailty associate with altered vitamin B12 homeostasis in humans and investigated the underlying molecular mechanisms using preclinical models...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121852/an-informatics-approach-to-interprofessional-management-of-low-back-pain-a-feasibility-study-using-the-omaha-system
#2
Robin R Austin, Karen A Monsen, Craig Schulz
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a complex health care issue that often involves multiple providers across various care settings. Health information technology (HIT) holds promise to improve care delivery by providing infrastructure for communication, clinical documentation, and management of patient data. Standardized terminology is essential for interoperability and enables evaluation of clinical data generated by documentation in an electronic health record (EHR). OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the feasibility of mapping evidence-based practice for conservative management of low back pain to the Omaha System and foster inter-professional communication and collaboration among diverse practitioners and patients...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044165/in-vivo-neuromechanics-decoding-causal-motor-neuron-behavior-with-resulting-musculoskeletal-function
#3
Massimo Sartori, Utku Ş Yavuz, Dario Farina
Human motor function emerges from the interaction between the neuromuscular and the musculoskeletal systems. Despite the knowledge of the mechanisms underlying neural and mechanical functions, there is no relevant understanding of the neuro-mechanical interplay in the neuro-musculo-skeletal system. This currently represents the major challenge to the understanding of human movement. We address this challenge by proposing a paradigm for investigating spinal motor neuron contribution to skeletal joint mechanical function in the intact human in vivo...
October 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992242/the-origin-and-evolutionary-consequences-of-skeletal-traits-shaped-by-embryonic-muscular-activity-from-basal-theropods-to-modern-birds
#4
Alexander O Vargas, Macarena Ruiz-Flores, Sergio Soto-Acun A, Nadia Haidr, Carolina Acosta-Hospitaleche, Luis Ossa-Fuentes, Vicente Muñoz-Walther
Embryonic muscular activity (EMA) is involved in the development of several distinctive traits of birds. Modern avian diversity and the fossil record of the dinosaur-bird transition allow special insight into their evolution. Traits shaped by EMA result from mechanical forces acting at post-morphogenetic stages, such that genes often play a very indirect role. Their origin seldom suggests direct selection for the trait, but a side-effect of other changes such as musculo-skeletal rearrangements, heterochrony in skeletal maturation, or increased incubation temperature (which increases EMA)...
August 24, 2017: Integrative and Comparative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980347/sensory-processing-and-central-pain-modulation-in-patients-with-chronic-shoulder-pain-a-case-control-study
#5
K Kuppens, G Hans, N Roussel, F Struyf, E Fransen, P Cras, C P Van Wilgen, J Nijs
Chronicity and recurrence in musculoskeletal shoulder pain are highly prevalent and can possibly be attributed to the concept of central sensitization. Available studies suggest a role for central sensitization in explaining chronic shoulder pain, but so far a comprehensive quantitative sensory testing (QST) protocol has not been used. The aim of this study was to gain knowledge on sensory processing and central pain modulatory mechanisms in patients suffering from chronic shoulder pain using such a QST protocol...
October 4, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965896/could-musculo-skeletal-radiograph-interpretation-by-radiographers-be%C3%A2-a-source-of-support-to-australian-medical-interns-a-quantitative-evaluation
#6
J R McConnell, M A Baird
INTRODUCTION: Public expectations regarding access to the emergency department (ED) challenges providers and policy makers with finite resources being stretched beyond capacity. To enable education of a greater numbers of doctors the format of the medical internship in Australia has changed and assumes that sufficient supervision is provided to interns to enable image interpretation skills development. Furthermore this assumes that appropriate foundational skills are established during undergraduate education...
November 2017: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943040/treatment-of-musculo-skeletal-pain-in-haemophilia
#7
REVIEW
E Carlos Rodriguez-Merchan
Musculo-skeletal pain treatment is inadequate in many haemophilic patients. Analgesics are used only by 36% of adult patients. FVIII/FIX intravenous infusion is mainly used to lessen pain, followed in frequency by usage of NSAIDS (primarily COX-2 inhibitors). In about 30% of patients, pain continues after infusion of F VIII/IX. In acute haemarthroses pain treatment must continue until total disappearance (checked by ultrasonography) and include haematologic treatment, short-term rest of the involved joint, cryotherapy, joint aspiration and analgesic medication (paracetamol in mild pain, metamizole for more intense pain, and in a few precise patients, soft opioids such as codeine or tramadol)...
September 19, 2017: Blood Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841142/validation-of-a-high-sampling-rate-inertial-measurement-unit-for-acceleration-during-running
#8
Thomas Provot, Xavier Chiementin, Emeric Oudin, Fabrice Bolaers, Sébastien Murer
The musculo-skeletal response of athletes to various activities during training exercises has become a critical issue in order to optimize their performance and minimize injuries. However, dynamic and kinematic measures of an athlete's activity are generally limited by constraints in data collection and technology. Thus, the choice of reliable and accurate sensors is crucial for gathering data in indoor and outdoor conditions. The aim of this study is to validate the use of the accelerometer of a high sampling rate ( 1344 Hz ) Inertial Measurement Unit (IMU) in the frame of running activities...
August 25, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705295/strength-training-for-women-as-a-vehicle-for-health-promotion-at-work
#9
Kai Nestler, Alexander Witzki, Ulrich Rohde, Thomas Rüther, Kim Alexander Tofaute, Dieter Leyk
BACKGROUND: Women, on average, have less muscle strength than men. This anthropometric-physiological trait may make them more vulnerable to ex - cessive physical strain, injury, and inability to work. Strength training is used for preventive health maintenance and to lessen musculoskeletal symptoms. In this context, we studied whether the degree of muscle strength has any effect on women's health in everyday working life, and also the effects of strength training for women on their health in the workplace...
June 30, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664458/quality-of-life-assessment-in-musculo-skeletal-health
#10
REVIEW
Charlotte Beaudart, Emmanuel Biver, Olivier Bruyère, Cyrus Cooper, Nasser Al-Daghri, Jean-Yves Reginster, René Rizzoli
Musculoskeletal disorders affect morbidity, quality of life and mortality, and represent an increasing economic and societal burden in the context of population aging and increased life expectancy. Improvement of quality of life should be one of the priorities of any interventions to prevent and treat musculoskeletal disorders in the ageing population. Two main approaches, namely generic and disease-specific instruments, can be applied to measure health-related quality of life. Among the generic tools available in scientific literature, the short form 36 questionnaire (SF-36) and the Euroqol five item questionnaire (EQ-5D) are two of the most popular questionnaires used to quantify the health related quality of life in people with musculoskeletal disorders...
June 29, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660603/clinical-and-diagnostic-features-of-trochanteric-tuberculosis
#11
I Mahmoud, L Gafsi, O Saidane, A Souayah, R Tekaya, H Sahli, L Abdelmoula
Trochanteric tuberculosis is a very rare localization of musculo-skeletal tuberculosis. The diagnosis is difficult and is often made in a late stage. The authors describe five cases of trochanteric tuberculosis. The mean age of patients was 46.6 years. Time to diagnosis was long (7.6 months on average). The tuberculosis was plurifocal in all cases. Diagnosis was based on positive Lowenstein culture in one case, on the presence of caseum granuloma in one case and through a pathognommonic manifestation in one case...
October 2017: Bulletin de la Société de Pathologie Exotique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601242/kinematic-models-of-lower-limb-joints-for-musculo-skeletal-modelling-and-optimization-in-gait-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Alberto Leardini, Claudio Belvedere, Fabrizio Nardini, Nicola Sancisi, Michele Conconi, Vincenzo Parenti-Castelli
Kinematic models of lower limb joints have several potential applications in musculoskeletal modelling of the locomotion apparatus, including the reproduction of the natural joint motion. These models have recently revealed their value also for in vivo motion analysis experiments, where the soft-tissue artefact is a critical known problem. This arises at the interface between the skin markers and the underlying bone, and can be reduced by defining multibody kinematic models of the lower limb and by running optimization processes aimed at obtaining estimates of position and orientation of relevant bones...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560633/simultaneous-living-donor-liver-transplant-with-sleeve-gastrectomy-for-metabolic-syndrome-and-nash-related-esld-first-report-from-india
#13
Suneed Kumar, Nidhi Khandelwal, Abhaya Kumar, Kapildev Yadav, Swapnil Sharma, Shailesh Sable, Ashutosh Chauhan, Sorabh Kapoor, Vibha Varma, Jaydeep Palep, Vinay Kumaran
Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) with morbid obesity and metabolic syndrome is now a common cause of end-stage liver disease (ESLD). These patients are high-risk candidates for liver transplant, and require bariatric surgery to prevent recurrent disease in the new liver. Data reports bariatric surgery after transplant, which maybe difficult because of adhesions between the stomach and liver in living donor liver transplant (LDLT) recipient. We report the first case of combined LDLT with sleeve gastrectomy (SG) from India...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549648/characterization-of-long-term-gait-deficits-in-mouse-dmcao-using-the-catwalk-system
#14
E Caballero-Garrido, J C Pena-Philippides, Z Galochkina, E Erhardt, T Roitbak
Evaluation of functional outcome is widely used across species to assess the recovery process following various pathological conditions, including spinal cord injury, musculo-skeletal injury, mithochondrial disease, neuropathic cancer, Huntington's disease, chronic pain, cortical lesion, and olivocerebellar degeneration among others. The Stroke Therapy Academic Industry Roundtable (STAIR) recommends multiple endpoints for behavioral studies in pre-clinical stroke research, to demonstrate their clinical relevance...
July 28, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472197/utilization-of-alternative-systems-of-medicine-as-health-care-services-in-india-evidence-on-ayush-care-from-nss-2014
#15
Shalini Rudra, Aakshi Kalra, Abhishek Kumar, William Joe
AYUSH, an acronym for Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, Sowa-Rigpa and Homeopathy represents the alternative systems of medicine recognized by the Government of India. Understanding the patterns of utilization of AYUSH care has been important for various reasons including an increased focus on its mainstreaming and integration with biomedicine-based health care system. Based on a nationally representative health survey 2014, we present an analysis to understand utilization of AYUSH care across socioeconomic and demographic groups in India...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470783/functional-analysis-of-the-musculo-skeletal-system-of-the-gill-apparatus-in-heptranchias-perlo-chondrichthyes-hexanchidae
#16
Nadezhda V Kryukova
Musculo-skeletal morphology is an indispensable source for understanding functional adaptations. Analysis of morphology of the branchial apparatus of Hexanchiform sharks can provide insight into aspects of their respiration that are difficult to observe directly. In this study, I compare the structure of the musculo-skeletal system of the gill apparatus of Heptranchias perlo and Squalus acanthias in respect to their adaptation for one of two respiratory mechanisms known in sharks, namely, the active two-pump (oropharyngeal and parabranchial) ventilation and the ram-jet ventilation...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Morphology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465030/twente-spine-model-a-complete-and-coherent-dataset-for-musculo-skeletal-modeling-of-the-thoracic-and-cervical-regions-of-the-human-spine
#17
Riza Bayoglu, Leo Geeraedts, Karlijn H J Groenen, Nico Verdonschot, Bart Koopman, Jasper Homminga
Musculo-skeletal modeling could play a key role in advancing our understanding of the healthy and pathological spine, but the credibility of such models are strictly dependent on the accuracy of the anatomical data incorporated. In this study, we present a complete and coherent musculo-skeletal dataset for the thoracic and cervical regions of the human spine, obtained through detailed dissection of an embalmed male cadaver. We divided the muscles into a number of muscle-tendon elements, digitized their attachments at the bones, and measured morphological muscle parameters...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378964/musculo-skeletal-and-pulmonary-effects-of-sitting-position-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Elżbieta Szczygieł, Katarzyna Zielonka, Sylwia Mętel, Joanna Golec
INTRODUCTION: Year after year, we spend an increasing amount of time in a sitting position. Often, we sit with poor posture, as indicated by numerous pain syndromes within the musculoskeletal system. Several reports confirm that body posture and the amount of time spent in a seated position have extensive implications for our health. Previous studies and a literature review suggest there is limited knowledge regarding an ergonomic sitting position. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to analyze the research relating to a proper sitting position and the consequences of incorrect sitting posture...
March 31, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366029/a-novel-mechanotronic-orthosis-enables-symmetrical-gait-kinematics-in-a-patient-with-a-femoral-nerve-palsy-a-case-study
#19
G M Hobusch, T Hasenöhrl, K Pieber, T Schmalz, S Dana, C Ambrozy, K Pohlig, H Dietl, R Crevenna, G von Skrbensky, C Hofer, R Auberger, R Windhager
The usage of stance- and swing-phase control orthoses (SSCOs) is a good option in patients with neuromuscular insufficiency of the quadriceps muscle in a broad range of musculo-skeletal disorders. The subjective sensation of improved mobility in daily life and walking comfort could be objectively confirmed by the ability to walk without crutches and by harmonization of the gait patterns in hip and knee. They could also be a considered mobility device after limb salvage surgery, which may even have an impact on preoperative decision making...
April 1, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331767/radiation-fibrosis-syndrome-imitating-breast-cancer-recurrence-a-case-report
#20
Dauren Sarsenov, Fatma Aktepe, Vahit Özmen
Nowadays, surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy are the most frequently used modalities in the treatment of breast cancer. It is very well-known that some severe complications may result from after these treatments. Early and late complications of radiotherapy are well known. The complications of radiation therapy may be seen in (early) or after three months (late-delayed) of periods. These complications may be related with direct or indirect effect of radiation. The radiation fibrosis syndrome is a progressive fibrotic tissue sclerosis together with various clinical symptoms in the irradiation field...
January 2017: Journal of Breast Health (2013)
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