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Ferric fang

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769275/-point-counterpoint-active-surveillance-for-carriers-of-toxigenic-clostridium-difficile-should-be-performed-to-guide-prevention-efforts
#1
L Clifford McDonald, Daniel J Diekema
In 2017, we published a point-counterpoint on laboratory diagnosis of C. difficile infection (CDI). At that time, Drs Ferric Fang, Christopher Polage, and Mark Wilcox discussed the strategies for diagnosing Clostridium difficile colitis in symptomatic patients. Since that manuscript new guidelines from the Infectious Diseases Society of American and the Society for Health Care Epidemiology have been published (1) and healthcare systems have begun to explore screening asymptomatic patients for C. difficile colonization...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757411/modulation-of-h-ns-transcriptional-silencing-by-magnesium
#2
W Ryan Will, Patrick J Whitham, Philip J Reid, Ferric C Fang
The bacterial histone-like protein H-NS silences AT-rich DNA, binding DNA as 'stiffened' filaments or 'bridged' intrastrand loops. The switch between these modes has been suggested to depend on the concentration of divalent cations, in particular Mg2+, with elevated Mg2+ concentrations associated with a transition to bridging. Here we demonstrate that the observed binding mode is a function of the local concentration of H-NS and its cognate binding sites, as well as the affinity of the interactions between them...
May 11, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29727645/comparative-study-of-components-and-anti-oxidative-effects-between-sulfated-polysaccharide-and-its-iron-complex
#3
Hong Xian, Ping Wang, Hua Jing, Guo-Qing Chen, Deng-Fang Cheng, Feng Ji, Shuhui Song, Li Zhang
Sulfated polysaccharide (SP) extracted from sea algae has been used to chelate with ferric to yield polysaccharide iron complex (SPIC). The main active components and groups, monosaccharide composition, molecular weight and anti-oxidative capability were studied comparatively. Results showed that both have good stability and no free ferric ions in SPIC, and no significant difference in total polysaccharide content while sulfate and protein contents lowering and iron content increasing. Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectra indicated further that iron was chelated in polysaccharide chain...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706505/host-nitric-oxide-disrupts-microbial-cell-to-cell-communication-to-inhibit-staphylococcal-virulence
#4
Rodolfo Urbano, Joyce E Karlinsey, Stephen J Libby, Paschalis-Thomas Doulias, Harry Ischiropoulos, Helen I Warheit-Niemi, Denny H Liggitt, Alexander R Horswill, Ferric C Fang
Staphylococcus aureus is a commensal bacterium that can asymptomatically colonize its host but also causes invasive infections. Quorum sensing regulates S. aureus virulence and the transition from a commensal to a pathogenic organism. However, little is known about how host innate immunity affects interbacterial communication. We show that nitric oxide suppresses staphylococcal virulence by targeting the Agr quorum sensing system. Nitric oxide-mediated inhibition occurs through direct modification of cysteine residues C55, C123, and C199 of the AgrA transcription factor...
April 20, 2018: Cell Host & Microbe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697761/clinical-impact-of-a-multiplex-gastrointestinal-pcr-panel-in-patients-with-acute-gastroenteritis
#5
Robert J Cybulski, Allen C Bateman, Lori Bourassa, Andrew Bryan, Barb Beail, Jason Matsumoto, Brad T Cookson, Ferric C Fang
Background: Molecular syndromic diagnostic panels can enhance pathogen identification in the approximately 2-4 billion episodes of acute gastroenteritis that occur annually worldwide. However, the clinical utility of these panels has not been established. Methods: We conducted a prospective, multi-center study to investigate the impact of the BioFire FilmArray™ Gastrointestinal PCR panel on clinical diagnosis and decision-making and compared the clinical acuity of patients with positive results obtained exclusively with the FilmArray™ with those detected by conventional stool culture...
April 25, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679673/glycogen-based-self-healing-hydrogels-with-ultra-stretchable-flexible-and-enhanced-mechanical-properties-via-sacrificial-bond-interactions
#6
Imtiaz Hussain, Sayed Mir Sayed, Shunli Liu, Olayinka Oderinde, Fang Yao, Guodong Fu
The development of hydrogel materials with enhanced mechanical properties is the primary focus in designing autonomous self-healable hydrogel materials. Here, we present a facile and cost-effective method for the autonomous self-healing hydrogel based on Glycogen (Gly/PAA-Fe3+ ) with enhanced mechanical properties by simple insertion of ferric ions in the physically cross-linked network via metal-ligand interactions. This dual physically cross-linked hydrogel has an excellent elongation at break and self-healing properties due to the dynamic ionic cross-linking point...
April 18, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606753/storage-quality-of-walnut-oil-containing-lycopene-during-accelerated-oxidation
#7
Chaonan Xie, Zheng Feei Ma, Fang Li, Hongxia Zhang, Lingming Kong, Zhipan Yang, Weifeng Xie
The purpose of investigation was to assess the effect of lycopene on the peroxide value, acid value, fatty acids, total phenolic content and ferric-reducing antioxidant power of walnut oil. Walnut oil was extracted from Xinjiang walnut variety using cold pressing method. Our study reported that after 45 days of accelerated oxidation at 60 °C (Schaal oven test), 0.005% lycopene exhibited the greatest antioxidant effect than other addition levels of lycopene. Therefore, under ambient storage conditions, the shelf-life of walnut oil could be extended up to 16 months by 0...
April 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547995/diagnostic-stewardship-opportunity-for-a-laboratory-infectious-diseases-partnership
#8
Robin Patel, Ferric C Fang
Recent advances in microbial diagnostics are providing clinicians with information about microbes causing infections and their resistance to antimicrobial agents more rapidly than ever before. Diagnostic stewardship refers to the appropriate use of laboratory testing to guide patient management, including treatment, in order to optimize clinical outcomes and limit the spread of antimicrobial resistance. Fulfilling the promise of diagnostic stewardship requires a seamless partnership between clinical laboratories, pharmacists, and infectious diseases clinicians, so that appropriate tests are ordered and diagnostic information is translated into appropriate management in real time...
March 14, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532585/a-conductive-self-healing-double-network-hydrogel-with-toughness-and-force-sensitivity
#9
Shunli Liu, Kewen Li, Imtiaz Hussain, Olayinka Oderinde, Fang Yao, Jiuyang Zhang, Guodong Fu
Mechanically tough and electrically conductive self-healing hydrogels may have broad applications in wearable electronics, health-monitoring systems, and smart robotics in the following years. Herein, a new design strategy is proposed to synthesize a dual physical cross-linked polyethylene glycol/poly(acrylic acid) (PEG/PAA) double network hydrogel, consisting of ferric ion cross-linked linear chain extensions of PEG (2,6-pyridinedicarbonyl moieties incorporated into the PEG backbone, PEG-H2 pdca) as the first physical network and a PAA-Fe3+ gel as the second physical network...
May 2, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29495379/preparation-and-characterization-of-quaternized-chitosan-derivatives-and-assessment-of-their-antioxidant-activity
#10
Fang Luan, Lijie Wei, Jingjing Zhang, Wenqiang Tan, Yuan Chen, Fang Dong, Qing Li, Zhanyong Guo
Chitosan (CS) is an abundant and renewable polysaccharide that is reported to exhibit a great variety of beneficial properties. However, the poor solubility of chitosan in water limits its applications. In this paper, we successfully synthesized single N -quaternized (QCS) and double N -diquaternized (DQCS) chitosan derivatives, and the resulting quaternized materials were water-soluble. The degree of quaternization (DQ) of QCS and DQCS was 0.8 and 1.3, respectively. These derivatives were characterized by FTIR, ¹H NMR, 13 C NMR, TGA, and SEM...
February 26, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488201/depth-treatment-of-coal-chemical-engineering-wastewater-by-a-cost-effective-sequential-heterogeneous-fenton-and-biodegradation-process
#11
Yili Fang, Weizhao Yin, Yanbin Jiang, Hengjun Ge, Ping Li, Jinhua Wu
In this study, a sequential Fe0 /H2 O2 reaction and biological process was employed as a low-cost depth treatment method to remove recalcitrant compounds from coal-chemical engineering wastewater after regular biological treatment. First of all, a chemical oxygen demand (COD) and color removal efficiency of 66 and 63% was achieved at initial pH of 6.8, 25 mmol L-1 of H2 O2 , and 2 g L-1 of Fe0 in the Fe0 /H2 O2 reaction. According to the gas chromatography-mass spectrometer (GC-MS) and gas chromatography-flame ionization detector (GC-FID) analysis, the recalcitrant compounds were effectively decomposed into short-chain organic acids such as acetic, propionic, and butyric acids...
May 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463650/elegant-science
#12
EDITORIAL
Arturo Casadevall, Ferric C Fang
Elegance is a prized quality in science that is associated with simplicity and explanatory power. This essay considers the qualities that make a scientific model, experiment, method, or theory "elegant," with a focus on the life sciences. We propose a definition of elegance that includes clarity, cleverness, correctness, explanatory power, parsimony, and beauty. The pursuit of elegance can improve the quality of science, but elegance must be pursued with caution, as the truth is sometimes inelegant...
February 20, 2018: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460082/testing-hypotheses-on-risk-factors-for-scientific-misconduct-via-matched-control-analysis-of-papers-containing-problematic-image-duplications
#13
Daniele Fanelli, Rodrigo Costas, Ferric C Fang, Arturo Casadevall, Elisabeth M Bik
It is commonly hypothesized that scientists are more likely to engage in data falsification and fabrication when they are subject to pressures to publish, when they are not restrained by forms of social control, when they work in countries lacking policies to tackle scientific misconduct, and when they are male. Evidence to test these hypotheses, however, is inconclusive due to the difficulties of obtaining unbiased data. Here we report a pre-registered test of these four hypotheses, conducted on papers that were identified in a previous study as containing problematic image duplications through a systematic screening of the journal PLoS ONE...
February 19, 2018: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399597/getting-to-the-heart-of-the-matter-a-20-year-old-man-with-fever-rash-and-chest-pain
#14
Michelle C Sabo, Jim Boonyaratanakornkit, Robert Cybulski, Noam E Kopmar, Rosario V Freeman, Ferric C Fang, Susan M Graham
Infection with Helicobacter cinaedi can encompass a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations, including fever, rash, endocarditis, osteomyelitis, and meningitis. The present case demonstrates the ability of H cinaedi to masquerade as acute rheumatic fever and represents the first reported case of cardiac tamponade caused by H cinaedi .
January 2018: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391636/optimized-preparation-characterization-and-antioxidant-activity-of-chitooligosaccharide-glycine-maillard-reaction-products
#15
Fang Yan, Xueqing Yu, Yingjun Jing
In this study, chitooligosaccharide (COS) and glycine (Gly) were selected to prepare Maillard reaction products, which were designated COS-Gly-MRPs. Changes in the FTIR and fluorescence spectra confirmed the formation of the COS-Gly-MRPs. Using ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) as a response, the optimal reaction conditions, i.e., a time of 107 min, temperature of 121 °C, pH of 6.0, and n COS : n Gly  = 2.5:1, were obtained by one-variable-at-a-time method and by response surface methodology. The resulting COS-Gly-MRPs exhibited much stronger antioxidant activity than their substrates...
February 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345426/single-dose-intravenous-iron-in-southeast-asian-heart-failure-patients-a-pilot-randomized-placebo-controlled-study-practice-asia-hf
#16
Tee Joo Yeo, Poh Shuan Daniel Yeo, Farid Abdul Hadi, Timothy Cushway, Kim Yee Lee, Fang Fang Yin, Anne Ching, Ruili Li, Seet Yoong Loh, Shir Lynn Lim, Raymond Ching-Chiew Wong, Bee Choo Tai, Arthur Mark Richards, Carolyn S P Lam
AIMS: Iron deficiency is highly prevalent in Southeast Asians with heart failure (HF) and associated with worse outcomes. This trial aimed to assess the effect of intravenous iron in Southeast Asians hospitalized with decompensated HF. METHODS AND RESULTS: Fifty patients hospitalized for acute decompensated HF, regardless of ejection fraction, with iron deficiency (defined as serum ferritin <300 ng/mL if transferrin saturation is <20%) were randomized to receive either one dose of intravenous ferric carboxymaltose (FCM) 1000 mg or placebo (0...
January 18, 2018: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259091/reply-to-arg%C3%A3-elles-and-arg%C3%A3-elles-prieto-are-the-editors-responsible-for-our-obsession-with-the-impact-factor
#17
Arturo Casadevall, Ferric C Fang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 19, 2017: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053793/2017-infectious-diseases-society-of-america-infectious-diarrhea-guidelines-a-view-from-the-clinical-laboratory
#18
Ferric C Fang, Robin Patel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667369/dft-studies-of-the-substituent-effects-of-dimethylamino-on-non-heme-active-oxidizing-species-iron-v-oxo-species-or-iron-iv-oxo-acetate-aminopyridine-cation-radical-species
#19
Fang Wang, Wei Sun, Chungu Xia, Yong Wang
Through the introduction of dimethylamino (Me2 N) substituent at the pyridine ring of 2-((R)-2-[(R)-1-(pyridine-2-ylmethyl)pyrrolidin-2-yl]pyrrolidin-1-ylmethyl)pyridine (PDP) ligand, the non-heme FeII (Me2N PDP)/H2 O2 /AcOH catalyst system was found to exhibit significant higher catalytic activity and enantioselectivity than the non-substituent one in the asymmetric epoxidation experiments. The mechanistic origin of the remarkable substituent effects in these oxidation reactions has not been well established...
October 2017: Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry: JBIC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588134/the-rcs-regulated-colanic-acid-capsule-maintains-membrane-potential-in-salmonella-enterica-serovar-typhimurium
#20
Jasmine M Pando, Joyce E Karlinsey, Jimmie C Lara, Stephen J Libby, Ferric C Fang
The Rcs phosphorelay and Psp (phage shock protein) systems are envelope stress responses that are highly conserved in gammaproteobacteria. The Rcs regulon was found to be strongly induced during metal deprivation of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium lacking the Psp response. Nineteen genes activated by the RcsA-RcsB response regulator make up an operon responsible for the production of colanic acid capsular polysaccharide, which promotes biofilm development. Despite more than half a century of research, the physiological function of colanic acid has remained elusive...
June 6, 2017: MBio
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