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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647987/-distribution-of-hiv-1-subtypes-among-foreign-patients-in-guangzhou-between-2008-and-2010-and-in-2015
#1
Z G Han, H Wu, C Y Liang, K Gao, H X Mai, Y S Cai, H F Xu
Objective: To understand the characteristic of subtype distribution among foreigners who were living with HIV-1, in Guangzhou. Methods: HIV-1 RNAs were extracted from 114 serum specimens in foreigners diagnosed with HIV-1 infections between 2008 and 2010, and in 2015. Partial pol gene of HIV-1 genome from these RNA samples were amplified by nested reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (nested-PCR) with nucleotide sequenced. Subsequently, phylogenetic tree was reconstructed using the pol sequences of samples and references...
June 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647985/-discriminatory-power-of-variable-number-on-tandem-repeats-loci-for-genotyping-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-strains-in-china
#2
H X Chen, C Cai, J Y Liu, Z G Zhang, M Yuan, J N Jia, Z G Sun, H R Huang, J M Gao, W M Li
Objective: Using the standard genotype method, variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR), we constructed a VNTR database to cover all provinces and proposed a set of optimized VNTR loci combinations for each province, in order to improve the preventive and control programs on tuberculosis, in China. Methods: A total of 15 loci VNTR was used to analyze 4 116 Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains, isolated from national survey of Drug Resistant Tuberculosis, in 2007. Hunter-Gaston Index (HGI) was also used to analyze the discriminatory power of each VNTR site...
June 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647977/-surveillance-data-on-typhoid-fever-and-paratyphoid-fever-in-2015-china
#3
F F Liu, S L Zhao, Q Chen, Z R Chang, J Zhang, Y M Zheng, L Luo, L Ran, Q H Liao
Objective: Through analyzing the surveillance data on typhoid fever and paratyphoid fever in 2015 to understand the related epidemiological features and most possible clustering areas of high incidence. Methods: Individual data was collected from the passive surveillance program and analyzed by descriptive statistic method. Characteristics on seasonal, regional and distribution of the diseases were described. Spatial-temporal clustering characteristics were estimated, under the retrospective space-time method...
June 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647971/-association-between-body-fat-percentage-visceral-fat-index-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factor-clustering-among-population-aged-35-year-old-or-over-in-tibet-autonomous-region-and-xinjiang-uygur-autonomous-region
#4
J L Wang, Z Chen, L F Zhang, X Wang, Y Dong, J Y Nie, C Y Zheng, L Shao, Y Tian, Z W Wang
Objective: To investigate the association between body fat percentage (BFP), visceral fat index (VFI) and Cardiometabolic Risk Factor Clustering (CRFC), among population aged 35 or older in Tibet and Xinjiang areas. Methods: Using the stratified multi-stage random sampling method, 7 571 residents aged 35 or above were examined with international standardized examination between 2015 and 2016. Of the eligible 5 643 participants, association of BFP and VFI with CRFC was defined as having two or more of the four risk factors: hypertension, diabetes mellitus, high TG and low HDL-C, at the same time...
June 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647969/-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-to-chronic-diseases-and-associated-influencing-factors-in-uygur-population-in-kashgar-area-of-xinjiang-uygur-autonomous-region
#5
Z B Zhang, Z X Xue, M M Ma, Y H Li, D M Luo, X L Song, X F Chao, G Wang, Nurmamat Nazibam, Bawudun Ayxamgul, Mahat Sulayman, X J Wu, Z Y Zhou, B S Sun, Y Z Wang, M Wang
Objective: To investigate the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) to chronic diseases and associated influencing factors in Uygur adults in Kashgar of southern Xinjiang, and provide basic information for developing ethnic specific prevention and control strategies for chronic diseases. Methods: With stratified cluster random sampling, investigations, including questionnaire survey, physical examination and laboratory tests were performed among local residents who were aged ≥18 years and selected in Shufu county in southern Xinjiang...
June 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647968/-prevalence-of-hypertension-and-risk-factors-in-uygur-population-in-kashgar-area-of-xinjiang-uygur-autonomous-region
#6
Z B Zhang, Z X Xue, H Y Chen, T M Wang, Y H Li, X F Chao, G Wang, D M Luo, X J Wu, Nurmamat Nazibam, Bawudun Ayxamgul, Elyas Gulbahar, Z Y Zhou, B S Sun, Y Z Wang, M Wang
Objective: To investigate the prevalence of hypertension and risk factors in Uygur adults in Kashgar of Xinjiang. Methods: A total of 4 748 Uygur adults aged ≥18 years selected through cluster random sampling in Shufu county of Kashgar prefecture were surveyed by means of questionnaire survey, physical examination and laboratory test. The prevalence, awareness, treatment and control rate of hypertension of different groups were calculated and risk factors of hypertension was analyzed by using non-conditional logistic regression model...
June 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647967/-prevalence-of-dyslipidemia-and-normal-blood-lipids-level-in-uygur-population-in-kashgar-area-of-xinjiang-uygur-autonomous-region
#7
Z B Zhang, Z X Xue, X J Wu, T M Wang, Y H Li, X L Song, X F Chao, G Wang, Nurmamat Nazibam, Bawudun Ayxamgul, Elyas Gulbahar, Z Y Zhou, B S Sun, Y Z Wang, M Wang
Objective: To understand the prevalence of dyslipidemia and normal blood lipids level in Uygur diabetes patients in Kashgar prefecture in southern area of Xinjiang. Methods: A total of 5 078 local residents aged ≥18 years (42.56% were men) selected through cluster random sampling in Kashgar were surveyed by means of questionnaire survey, physical examination and laboratory test, and 521 diabetes patients were screened. Results: The overall prevalence of dyslipidemia in diabetes patients was 59.50% (310/521) with adjusted rate as 49...
June 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647966/-prevalence-of-diabetes-mellitus-and-associated-risk-factors-in-uygur-population-in-kashgar-area-of-xinjiang-uygur-autonomous-region
#8
Z B Zhang, Z X Xue, H Wang, T M Wang, Y H Li, X L Song, X F Chao, G Wang, X J Wu, Nurmamat Nazibam, Bawudun Ayxamgul, Elyas Gulbahar, Z Y Zhou, B S Sun, Y Z Wang, M Wang
Objective: To investigate the epidemiologic characteristics of diabetes mellitus (DM) in Uygur residents in Kashgar of Xinjiang. Methods: The survey was conducted among the Uygur residents aged ≥18 years selected through stratified cluster sampling in Kashgar by means of questionnaire survey, physical examination and basic laboratory test. The prevalence of different groups were calculated and risk factors of DM was analyzed by logistic vegression model. Results: A total of 4 608 adults were surveyed. The prevalence of DM was 11...
June 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647832/genetic-dissection-of-adventitious-shoot-regeneration-in-roses-by-employing-genome-wide-association-studies
#9
Thi Hong Nhung Nguyen, Dietmar Schulz, Traud Winkelmann, Thomas Debener
We analysed the capacity to regenerate adventitious shoots in 96 rose genotypes and found 88 SNP markers associated with QTLs, some of which are derived from candidate genes for shoot regeneration. In an association panel of 96 rose genotypes previously analysed for petal colour, we conducted a genome-wide association study on the capacity of leaf petioles for direct shoot regeneration. Shoot regeneration rate and shoot ratio (number of shoots/total number of explants) were used as phenotypic descriptors for regeneration capacity...
June 24, 2017: Plant Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647779/transcriptome-profiling-and-digital-gene-expression-analysis-of-the-skin-of-dybowski-s-frog-rana-dybowskii-exposed-to-aeromonas-hydrophila
#10
Yi-Gang Xu, Long-Hui Chai, Wen Shi, Dan-Dan Wang, Jing-Yu Zhang, Xiang-Hong Xiao
Recently, populations of Rana dybowskii, an important amphibian species in Northeast China, have decreased, mainly owing to the disease caused by Aeromonas hydrophila. However, effective control methods have not yet been developed. In order to explore the immune responses of R. dybowskii upon exposure to A. hydrophila infection, Illumina high-throughput transcriptome sequencing and digital gene expression (DGE) technology were employed to investigate transcriptomic changes in the skin of R. dybowskii exposed to A...
June 24, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647758/a-meta-analysis-of-quantitative-trait-loci-for-abiotic-and-biotic-stress-resistance-in-tetraploid-cotton
#11
Abdelraheem Abdelraheem, Feng Liu, Mingzhou Song, Jinfa F Zhang
The number and location of mapped quantitative trait loci (QTL) depend on genetic populations and testing environments. The identification of consistent QTL across genetic backgrounds and environments is a pre-requisite to marker-assisted selection. This study analyzed a total of 661 abiotic and biotic stress resistance QTL based on our previous work and other publications using the meta-analysis software Biomercator. It identified chromosomal regions containing QTL clusters for different resistance traits and hotspots for a particular resistance trait in cotton from 98 QTL for drought tolerance under greenhouse (DT) and 150 QTL in field conditions (FDT), 80 QTL for salt tolerance in the greenhouse conditions (ST), 201 QTL for resistance to Verticillium wilt (VW, Verticillium dahliae), 47 QTL for resistance to Fusarium wilt (FW, Fusarium oxysporum f...
June 24, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647681/daily-associations-between-cannabis-motives-and-consumption-in-emerging-adults
#12
Erin E Bonar, Jason E Goldstick, R Lorraine Collins, James A Cranford, Rebecca M Cunningham, Stephen T Chermack, Frederic C Blow, Maureen A Walton
BACKGROUND: Increasing rates of cannabis use among emerging adults is a growing public health problem. Intensive longitudinal data can provide information on proximal motives for cannabis use, which can inform interventions to reduce use among emerging adults. METHOD: As part of a larger longitudinal study, patients aged 18-25 years (N=95) recruited from an urban Emergency Department completed daily text message assessments of risk behaviors for 28days, including daily cannabis quantity and motives...
June 15, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647619/molecular-phylogeny-of-the-achatinoidea-mollusca-gastropoda
#13
Ian Kendrich Fontanilla, Fred Naggs, Christopher Mark Wade
This study presents a multi-gene phylogenetic analysis of the Achatinoidea and provides an initial basis for a taxonomic revaluation of family level groups within the superfamily. A total of 5028 nucleotides from the nuclear rRNA, actin and histone 3 genes and the 1(st) and 2(nd) codon positions of the mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I gene were sequenced from 24 species, representing six currently recognised families. Results from maximum likelihood, neighbour joining, maximum parsimony and Bayesian inference trees revealed that, of currently recognised families, only the Achatinidae are monophyletic...
June 21, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647549/motivational-interviewing-improves-sustainable-return-to-work-in-injured-workers-after-rehabilitation-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Douglas P Gross, Joanne Park, Fahreen Rayani, Colleen M Norris, Shaniff Esmail
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether motivational interviewing (MI) leads to more sustainable return-to-work outcomes for injured workers undergoing rehabilitation. MI is a client-centred counselling approach that facilitates behavioural change through identifying and resolving ambivalence. DESIGN: A cluster randomised controlled trial was conducted with analysis at level of claimant (registration ISRCTN45748422). SETTING: The study was conducted at a workers' compensation rehabilitation facility in Edmonton, Canada...
June 21, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647529/-linking-secondary-metabolites-to-biosynthesis-genes-in-the-fungal-endophyte-cyanodermella-asteris-the-anti-cancer-bisanthraquinone-skyrin
#15
Linda Jahn, Thomas Schafhauser, Daniel Wibberg, Christian Rückert, Anika Winkler, Andreas Kulik, Tilmann Weber, Liane Flor, Karl-Heinz van Pée, Jörn Kalinowski, Jutta Ludwig-Müllera, Wolfgang Wohlleben
Fungal aromatic polyketides display a very diverse and widespread group of natural products. Due to their excellent light absorption properties and widely studied biological activities, they offer numerous application for food, textile and pharmaceutical industry. The biosynthetic pathways of fungal aromatic polyketides usually involve a set of successive enzymes, in which a non-reductive polyketide synthases iteratively catalyzes the essential assembly of simple building blocks into (often polycyclic) aromatic compounds...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647523/thermal-aggregation-of-human-immunoglobulin-g-in-arginine-solutions-contrasting-effects-of-stabilizers-and-destabilizers
#16
Shunsuke Yoshizawa, Tsutomu Arakawa, Kentaro Shiraki
Arginine is widely used as aggregation suppressor of proteins in biotechnology and pharmaceutics. However, why the effect of arginine depends on the types of proteins and stresses, including monoclonal antibodies, is still unclear. Here we investigated the precise processes of the thermal aggregation of human immunoglobulin G (IgG) in the presence of additives. As expected, arginine was the best additive to suppress the formation of insoluble aggregates during heat treatment, though it was unable to preserve the monomer content...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647492/eszopiclone-for-persistent-negative-symptoms-in-schizophrenia-an-unintended-n-of-1-study
#17
Urvakhsh Meherwan Mehta, Vinutha Ravishankar, Jagadisha Thirthalli
Persistent negative and cognitive symptoms in patients with schizophrenia pose a significant challenge to clinicians. Being a heterogeneous cluster of symptoms with potentially distinct underlying pathogenesis, it is important to examine novel therapies based on emerging neurobiological evidence. Eszopiclone is known to enhance the deficient sleep spindles that are related to impairments in learning and memory in schizophrenia. In this report we highlight the potential utility of eszopiclone in treating persistent negative symptoms in a patient with chronic schizophrenia...
June 21, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647463/the-structurally-unique-photosynthetic-chlorella-variabilis-nc64a-hydrogenase-does-not-interact-with-plant-type-ferredoxins
#18
Vera Engelbrecht, Patricia Rodríguez-Maciá, Julian Esselborn, Anne Sawyer, Anja Hemschemeier, Olaf Rüdiger, Wolfgang Lubitz, Martin Winkler, Thomas Happe
Hydrogenases from green algae are linked to the photosynthetic electron transfer chain via the plant-type ferredoxin PetF. In this work the [FeFe]-hydrogenase from the Trebouxiophycean alga Chlorella variabilis NC64A (CvHydA1), which in contrast to other green algal hydrogenases contains additional FeS-cluster binding domains, was purified and specific enzyme activities for both hydrogen (H2) production and H2 oxidation were determined. Interestingly, although C. variabilis NC64A, like many Chlorophycean algal strains, exhibited light-dependent H2 production activity upon sulfur deprivation, CvHydA1 did not interact in vitro with several plant-type [2Fe-2S]-ferredoxins, but only with a bacterial2[4Fe4S]-ferredoxin...
June 21, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647304/phylogenies-of-symbiotic-genes-of-bradyrhizobium-symbionts-of-legumes-of-economic-and-environmental-importance-in-brazil-support-the-definition-of-the-new-symbiovars-pachyrhizi-and-sojae
#19
Jakeline Renata Marçon Delamuta, Pâmela Menna, Renan Augusto Ribeiro, Mariangela Hungria
Bradyrhizobium comprises most tropical symbiotic nitrogen-fixing strains, but the correlation between symbiotic and core genes with host specificity is still unclear. In this study, the phylogenies of the nodY/K and nifH genes of 45 Bradyrhizobium strains isolated from legumes of economic and environmental importance in Brazil (Arachis hypogaea, Acacia auriculiformis, Glycine max, Lespedeza striata, Lupinus albus, Stylosanthes sp. and Vigna unguiculata) were compared to 16S rRNA gene phylogeny and genetic diversity by rep-PCR...
June 7, 2017: Systematic and Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647303/the-predictors-of-metabolic-syndrome-based-on-walker-health-promoting-lifestyle-in-iran-2016
#20
REVIEW
Maryam Mohammadi, Ali Ramezankhani, Shabnam Mohammadi, Shakiba Zahed, Farahnaz Khabiri, Soheila Khodakarim, Mohsen Roshani, Majid Ghayur
BACKGROUND: Understanding the metabolic syndrome has been the center of attention in recent years as a major risk factor of many diseases. Given the rising incidence of this disease and as the patient can compete against this disease with choosing healthy lifestyle, in the present study, we investigated the predictors of metabolic syndrome, based on Walker's health-promoting lifestyle in two large cities in Iran, in 2016. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used two-stage cluster sampling to select 1128 patients, among patients who referred to health centers in Isfahan and Yazd...
May 17, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
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