keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

foxp2

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725501/the-untold-stories-of-the-speech-gene-the-foxp2-cancer-gene
#1
REVIEW
Maria Jesus Herrero, Yorick Gitton
FOXP2 encodes a transcription factor involved in speech and language acquisition. Growing evidence now suggests that dysregulated FOXP2 activity may also be instrumental in human oncogenesis, along the lines of other cardinal developmental transcription factors such as DLX5 and DLX6 [1-4]. Several FOXP familymembers are directly involved during cancer initiation, maintenance and progression in the adult [5-8]. This may comprise either a pro-oncogenic activity or a deficient tumor-suppressor role, depending upon cell types and associated signaling pathways...
January 2018: Genes & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672280/foxp2-expression-in-a-highly-vocal-teleost-fish-with-comparisons-to-tetrapods
#2
Ian G G Pengra, Margaret A Marchaterre, Andrew H Bass
Motivated by studies of speech deficits in humans, several studies over the past two decades have investigated the potential role of a forkhead domain transcription factor, FoxP2, in the central control of acoustic signaling/vocalization among vertebrates. Comparative neuroanatomical studies that mainly include mammalian and avian species have mapped the distribution of FoxP2 expression in multiple brain regions that imply a greater functional significance beyond vocalization that might be shared broadly across vertebrate lineages...
April 19, 2018: Brain, Behavior and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29580883/cre-expressing-neurons-in-the-cortical-white-matter-of-ntsr1-cre-gn220-mice
#3
Sofie C Sundberg, Björn Granseth
Genetically modified mouse strains that express Cre-recombinase in specific neuronal sub-populations have become widely used tools for investigating neuronal function. The Ntsr1-Cre GN220 mouse expresses this enzyme in corticothalamic neurons in layer 6 of cerebral cortex. We observed that about 7% of Cre-expressing cells in the primary visual cortex are found within the white matter bordering layer 6. By using the immunohistochemical marker for layer 6 neurons, Forkhead box protein 2 (FoxP2), and fluorescently conjugated latex beads injected into the dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus, we show that about half of these cells are similar to and could belong to the layer 6 corticothalamic neuron population...
March 23, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559943/diversity-of-grammars-and-their-diverging-evolutionary-and-processing-paths-evidence-from-functional-mri-study-of-serbian
#4
Ljiljana Progovac, Natalia Rakhlin, William Angell, Ryan Liddane, Lingfei Tang, Noa Ofen
We address the puzzle of "unity in diversity" in human languages by advocating the (minimal) common denominator for the diverse expressions of transitivity across human languages, consistent with the view that early in language evolution there was a modest beginning for syntax and that this beginning provided the foundation for the further elaboration of syntactic complexity. This study reports the results of a functional MRI experiment investigating differential patterns of brain activation during processing of sentences with minimal versus fuller syntactic structures...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559544/vitamin-d-is-crucial-for-maternal-care-and-offspring-social-behaviour-in-rats
#5
Nathanael J Yates, Dijana Tesic, Kirk W Feindel, Jeremy T Smith, Michael W Clarke, Celeste Wale, Rachael C Crew, Michaela D Wharfe, Andrew J O Whitehouse, Caitlin S Wyrwoll
Early life vitamin D plays a prominent role in neurodevelopment and subsequent brain function, including schizophrenic-like outcomes and increasing evidence for an association with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Here, we investigate how early life vitamin D deficiency during rat pregnancy and lactation alters maternal care and influences neurodevelopment and affective, cognitive and social behaviours in male adult offspring. Sprague-Dawley rats were placed on either a vitamin D control (2195 IU/kg) or deficient diet (0 IU/kg) for five weeks before timed mating, and diet exposure was maintained until weaning of offspring on postnatal day (PND) 23...
May 2018: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536541/foxp-in-bees-a-comparative-study-on-the-developmental-and-adult-expression-pattern-in-three-bee-species-considering-isoforms-and-circuitry
#6
Adriana Schatton, Ezequiel Mendoza, Kathrin Grube, Constance Scharff
Mutations in the transcription factors FOXP1, FOXP2, and FOXP4 affect human cognition, including language. The FoxP gene locus is evolutionarily ancient and highly conserved in its DNA-binding domain. In Drosophila melanogaster FoxP has been implicated in courtship behavior, decision making, and specific types of motor-learning. Because honeybees (Apis mellifera, Am) excel at navigation and symbolic dance communication, they are a particularly suitable insect species to investigate a potential link between neural FoxP expression and cognition...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Comparative Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515791/adverse-effects-of-paternal-chemotherapy-exposure-on-the-progeny-brain-intergenerational-chemobrain
#7
Anna Kovalchuk, Yaroslav Ilnytskyy, Rafal Woycicki, Rocio Rodriguez-Juarez, Gerlinde A S Metz, Olga Kovalchuk
Recent advances in cancer treatments have led to significant increases in cure rates. Most cancer patients are treated with various cytotoxic chemotherapy regimens. These treatment modalities are mutagenic and genotoxic and cause a wide array of late-occurring health problems, and even exert a deleterious influence on future offspring. The adverse effects from exposed parents on offspring are referred to as transgenerational effects, and currently little is known about chemotherapy-induced transgenerational effects...
February 9, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515369/mapping-of-human-foxp2-enhancers-reveals-complex-regulation
#8
Martin Becker, Paolo Devanna, Simon E Fisher, Sonja C Vernes
Mutations of the FOXP2 gene cause a severe speech and language disorder, providing a molecular window into the neurobiology of language. Individuals with FOXP2 mutations have structural and functional alterations affecting brain circuits that overlap with sites of FOXP2 expression, including regions of the cortex, striatum, and cerebellum. FOXP2 displays complex patterns of expression in the brain, as well as in non-neuronal tissues, suggesting that sophisticated regulatory mechanisms control its spatio-temporal expression...
2018: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512694/screening-for-key-lncrnas-in-the-progression-of-gallbladder-cancer-using-bioinformatics-analyses
#9
Lei Zhang, Zhimin Geng, Xiankui Meng, Fandi Meng, Lin Wang
The present study aimed to investigate key long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) and genes, and to obtain insights into their roles in the progression of gallbladder cancer (GBC). The gene expression profile and non‑coding RNA profile of GSE62335, which included five separate GBC tissue samples and five matched adjacent gallbladder normal tissue samples, was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. The differentially expressed lncRNAs and mRNAs in the GBC tissues were identified, following which RNA binding protein analysis was performed using starBase v2...
May 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499945/circ-shkbp1-regulates-the-angiogenesis-of-u87-glioma-exposed-endothelial-cells-through-mir-544a-foxp1-and-mir-379-foxp2-pathways
#10
Qianru He, Lini Zhao, Yunhui Liu, Xiaobai Liu, Jian Zheng, Hai Yu, Heng Cai, Jun Ma, Libo Liu, Ping Wang, Zhen Li, Yixue Xue
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are a type of endogenous non-coding RNAs, which have been considered to mediate diverse tumorigenesis including angiogenesis. The present study aims to elucidate the potential role and molecular mechanism of circ-SHKBP1 in regulating the angiogenesis of U87 glioma-exposed endothelial cells (GECs). The expression of circ-SHKBP1, but not linear SHKBP1, was significantly upregulated in GECs compared with astrocyte-exposed endothelial cells (AECs). circ-SHKBP1 knockdown inhibited the viability, migration, and tube formation of GECs dramatically...
March 2, 2018: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484998/foxp2-promotes-tumor-proliferation-and-metastasis-by-targeting-grp78-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#11
Jiali Wu, Peng Liu, Hailin Tang, Zeyu Shuang, Qingsheng Qiu, Lijuan Zhang, Cailu Song, Lingrui Liu, Xiaoming Xie, Xiangsheng Xiao
BACKGROUND: FOXP2, a member of the forkhead box P (FOXP) family, has been reported to be important in breast cancer. However, its exact mechanisms and pathways remain unclear. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of FOXP2 on tumor proliferation and metastasis in triplenegative breast cancer (TNBC) and study its underlying molecular mechanism. METHODS: We first used qRT-PCR to detect FOXP2 expression in TNBC cell lines and tissues. Then we conducted cell proliferation assays, colony formation assays, and transwell assays to analyze the effects of FOXP2 expression in TNBC cells...
2018: Current Cancer Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463886/a-set-of-regulatory-genes-co-expressed-in-embryonic-human-brain-is-implicated-in-disrupted-speech-development
#12
Else Eising, Amaia Carrion-Castillo, Arianna Vino, Edythe A Strand, Kathy J Jakielski, Thomas S Scerri, Michael S Hildebrand, Richard Webster, Alan Ma, Bernard Mazoyer, Clyde Francks, Melanie Bahlo, Ingrid E Scheffer, Angela T Morgan, Lawrence D Shriberg, Simon E Fisher
Genetic investigations of people with impaired development of spoken language provide windows into key aspects of human biology. Over 15 years after FOXP2 was identified, most speech and language impairments remain unexplained at the molecular level. We sequenced whole genomes of nineteen unrelated individuals diagnosed with childhood apraxia of speech, a rare disorder enriched for causative mutations of large effect. Where DNA was available from unaffected parents, we discovered de novo mutations, implicating genes, including CHD3, SETD1A and WDR5...
February 20, 2018: Molecular Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414420/expression-of-the-transcription-factor-foxp2-in-brainstem-respiratory-circuits-of-adult-rat-is-restricted-to-upper-airway-pre-motor-areas
#13
Davor Stanić, Rishi R Dhingra, Mathias Dutschmann
Expression of the transcription factor FOXP2 is linked to brain circuits that control motor function and speech. Investigation of FOXP2 protein expression in respiratory areas of the ponto-medullary brainstem of adult rat revealed distinct rostro-caudal expression gradients. A high density of FOXP2 immunoreactive nuclei was observed within the rostral pontine Kölliker-Fuse nucleus, compared to low densities in caudal pontine and rostral medullary respiratory nuclei, including the: (i) noradrenergic A5 and parafacial respiratory groups; (ii) Bötzinger and pre-Bötzinger complex and; (iii) rostral ventral respiratory group...
April 2018: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29365100/proteomic-analysis-of-foxp-proteins-reveals-interactions-between-cortical-transcription-factors-associated-with-neurodevelopmental-disorders
#14
Sara B Estruch, Sarah A Graham, Martí Quevedo, Arianna Vino, Dick H W Dekkers, Pelagia Deriziotis, Elliot Sollis, Jeroen Demmers, Raymond A Poot, Simon E Fisher
FOXP transcription factors play important roles in neurodevelopment, but little is known about how their transcriptional activity is regulated. FOXP proteins cooperatively regulate gene expression by forming homo- and hetero-dimers with each other. Physical associations with other transcription factors might also modulate the functions of FOXP proteins. However, few FOXP-interacting transcription factors have been identified so far. Therefore, we sought to discover additional transcription factors that interact with the brain-expressed FOXP proteins, FOXP1, FOXP2 and FOXP4, through affinity-purifications of protein complexes followed by mass spectrometry...
April 1, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360038/foxp2-isoforms-delineate-spatiotemporal-transcriptional-networks-for-vocal-learning-in-the-zebra-finch
#15
Zachary Daniel Burkett, Nancy F Day, Todd Haswell Kimball, Caitlin M Aamodt, Jonathan B Heston, Austin T Hilliard, Xinshu Xiao, Stephanie A White
Human speech is one of the few examples of vocal learning among mammals yet ~half of avian species exhibit this ability. Its neurogenetic basis is largely unknown beyond a shared requirement for FoxP2 in both humans and zebra finches. We manipulated FoxP2 isoforms in Area X, a song-specific region of the avian striatopallidum analogous to human anterior striatum, during a critical period for song development. We delineate, for the first time, unique contributions of each isoform to vocal learning. Weighted gene coexpression network analysis of RNA-seq data revealed gene modules correlated to singing, learning, or vocal variability...
January 23, 2018: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346177/no-association-between-foxp2-rs10447760-and-schizophrenia-in-a-replication-study-of-the-chinese-han-population
#16
Jiajun Yin, Ningren Jia, Yansong Liu, Chunhui Jin, Fuquan Zhang, Shui Yu, Jun Wang, Jianmin Yuan
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia (SCZ) is a severe and heritable psychiatric disorder, and previous studies have shown that regulation of the forkhead-box P2 gene (FOXP2) may play a role in schizophrenia. Moreover, just a few studies have identified a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs10447760 within the gene that was a risk variant for SCZ in the Chinese Han population. METHODS: To examine whether the variant in the FOXP2 gene contributes toward SCZ susceptibility, we carried out an association analysis of the SNP rs10447760 of the FOXP2 gene in a case-control study (1405 cases, 1137 controls) from China...
April 2018: Psychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345619/mir-9-regulates-basal-ganglia-dependent-developmental-vocal-learning-and-adult-vocal-performance-in-songbirds
#17
Zhimin Shi, Zoe Piccus, Xiaofang Zhang, Huidi Yang, Hannah Jarrell, Yan Ding, Zhaoqian Teng, Ofer Tchernichovski, XiaoChing Li
miR-9 is an evolutionarily conserved miRNA that is abundantly expressed in Area X, a basal ganglia nucleus required for vocal learning in songbirds. Here, we report that overexpression of miR-9 in Area X of juvenile zebra finches impairs developmental vocal learning, resulting in a song with syllable omission, reduced similarity to the tutor song, and altered acoustic features. miR-9 overexpression in juveniles also leads to more variable song performance in adulthood, and abolishes social context-dependent modulation of song variability...
January 18, 2018: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297931/mapping-the-distribution-of-language-related-genes-foxp1-foxp2-and-cntnap2-in-the-brains-of-vocal-learning-bat-species
#18
Pedro M Rodenas-Cuadrado, Janine Mengede, Laura Baas, Paolo Devanna, Tobias A Schmid, Michael Yartsev, Uwe Firzlaff, Sonja C Vernes
Genes including FOXP2, FOXP1, and CNTNAP2, have been implicated in human speech and language phenotypes, pointing to a role in the development of normal language-related circuitry in the brain. Although speech and language are unique to humans a comparative approach is possible by addressing language-relevant traits in animal systems. One such trait, vocal learning, represents an essential component of human spoken language, and is shared by cetaceans, pinnipeds, elephants, some birds and bats. Given their vocal learning abilities, gregarious nature, and reliance on vocalizations for social communication and navigation, bats represent an intriguing mammalian system in which to explore language-relevant genes...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Comparative Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212017/control-of-huntington-s-disease-associated-phenotypes-by-the-striatum-enriched-transcription-factor-foxp2
#19
Lea J Hachigian, Vitor Carmona, Robert J Fenster, Ruth Kulicke, Adrian Heilbut, Annie Sittler, Luís Pereira de Almeida, Jill P Mesirov, Fan Gao, Eric D Kolaczyk, Myriam Heiman
Alteration of corticostriatal glutamatergic function is an early pathophysiological change associated with Huntington's disease (HD). The factors that regulate the maintenance of corticostriatal glutamatergic synapses post-developmentally are not well understood. Recently, the striatum-enriched transcription factor Foxp2 was implicated in the development of these synapses. Here, we show that, in mice, overexpression of Foxp2 in the adult striatum of two models of HD leads to rescue of HD-associated behaviors, while knockdown of Foxp2 in wild-type mice leads to development of HD-associated behaviors...
December 5, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207173/microrna%C3%A2-196b-promotes-cell-migration-and-invasion-by-targeting-foxp2-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#20
Zhaoxiang Yu, Xiaobo Lin, Ming Tian, Weiping Chang
Accumulating evidence indicates that microRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in tumorigenesis and metastasis. Recent research has shown that miR‑196b is implicated in metastasis by regulating the migration and invasion of cancer cells. However, the clinical significance of miR‑196b and its role as well as the underlying mechanisms in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain largely unknown. Here, we detected miR‑196b expression in HCC and matched non-tumor tissues with qRT‑PCR. We found that miR‑196b displayed higher expression in HCC patient tissues and cells...
February 2018: Oncology Reports
keyword
keyword
31835
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"