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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232715/profound-loss-of-neprilysin-accompanied-by-decreased-levels-of-neuropeptides-and-increased-crp-in-ulcerative-colitis
#1
Zeynep Gök Sargın, Nuray Erin, Gokhan Tazegul, Gülsüm Özlem Elpek, Bülent Yıldırım
Neprilysin (NEP, CD10) acts to limit excessive inflammation partly by hydrolyzing neuropeptides. Although deletion of NEP exacerbates intestinal inflammation in animal models, its role in ulcerative colitis (UC) is not well explored. Herein, we aimed to demonstrate changes in NEP and associated neuropeptides at the same time in colonic tissue. 72 patients with UC and 27 control patients were included. Patients' demographic data and laboratory findings, five biopsy samples from active colitis sites and five samples from uninvolved mucosa were collected...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232667/correlation-between-subpubic-arch-angle-and-mode-of-delivery-in-large-for-gestational-age-fetuses
#2
Tullio Ghi, Andrea Dall'Asta, Alice Suprani, Elisa Aiello, Andrea Musarò, Costanza Bosi, Giuseppe Pedrazzi, Ariane Kiener, Domenico Arduini, Tiziana Frusca, Giuseppe Rizzo
OBJECTIVES: A narrow subpubic arch angle (SPA) has been associated with a higher risk of operative delivery and prolonged labor. The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between SPA and labor outcome in a cohort of women delivering a large-for-gestational-age (LGA) fetus. METHODS: An observational study involving two Italian tertiary centers (Parma and Rome) was carried out. Nulliparous women referred to the antepartum clinic between 35 and 39 weeks due to an increased risk of having an LGA fetus at birth were prospectively selected for the study purpose...
December 13, 2017: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232563/immunologic-burden-links-periodontitis-to-acute-coronary-syndrome
#3
John M Liljestrand, Susanna Paju, Milla Pietiäinen, Kåre Buhlin, G Rutger Persson, Markku S Nieminen, Juha Sinisalo, Päivi Mäntylä, Pirkko J Pussinen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Periodontitis, a common polymicrobial inflammatory disease in the tooth supporting tissues, is a risk factor for coronary artery disease. One of the proposed underlying mechanisms is the systemic immune response to periodontal infection. We studied how serum antibodies against seven periodontal pathogens and their subgingival levels associate with each other, periodontitis, and coronary artery disease. METHODS: The Parogene cohort included 505 Finnish patients (mean age 63 y) who underwent coronary angiography, and clinical and radiographic oral examinations...
December 6, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232459/definitive-diagnosis-in-suspected-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-cases
#4
Elisa Rubio, Miguel J Martínez, Verónica Gonzalo, Josep Barrachina, Núria Torner, Ana I Martínez, Mireia Jané, Anna Vilella, Ana Del Rio, Natalia Rodriguez-Valero, Maria Jesús Pinazo, José Muñoz, Alex Soriano, Antoni Trilla, Jordi Vila, Ma Ángeles Marcos
We evaluated the microbiological diagnosis in 14 patients with epidemiological and clinical suspicion of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) attended in a non-endemic area between June 2015 and January 2017. While no MERS-CoV was detected, other respiratory viruses were identified in 12 cases and Mycoplasma pneumoniae in 1 case.
January 1, 2018: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232415/serological-detection-of-tick-borne-relapsing-fever-in-texan-domestic-dogs
#5
Maria D Esteve-Gasent, Chloe B Snell, Shakirat A Adetunji, Julie Piccione
Tick-Borne Relapsing Fever (TBRF) is caused by spirochetes in the genus Borrelia. Very limited information exists on the incidence of this disease in humans and domestic dogs in the United States. The main objective of this study is to evaluate exposure of dogs to Borrelia turicatae, a causative agent of TBRF, in Texas. To this end, 878 canine serum samples were submitted to Texas A&M Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratory from October 2011 to September 2012 for suspected tick-borne illnesses. The recombinant Borrelial antigen glycerophosphodiester phosphodiesterase (GlpQ) was expressed, purified, and used as a diagnostic antigen in both ELISA assays and Immunoblot analysis...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232336/comparison-among-different-diagnostic-methods-in-the-study-of-type-and-activity-of-choroidal-neovascular-membranes-in-age-related-macular-degeneration
#6
Vittoria Ravera, Andrea Giani, Marco Pellegrini, Marta Oldani, Alessandro Invernizzi, Elisa Carini, Mario Cigada, Ferdinando Bottoni, Giovanni Staurenghi
PURPOSE: To determine interobserver and intraobserver agreement in classifying the subtypes of choroidal neovascularization (CNV) and the decision of retreatment in patients affected by exudative age-related macular degeneration. Different imaging techniques were evaluated individually and compared with multiimaging. METHODS: Fifty-two patients with naive CNV in age-related macular degeneration were evaluated after 3 monthly intravitreal injections of ranibizumab...
December 8, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232315/beneficial-effects-of-exercise-pretreatment-in-a-sporadic-alzheimer-s-rat-model
#7
Chongyun Wu, Luodan Yang, Donovan Tucker, Yan Dong, Ling Zhu, Rui Duan, Timon Cheng-Yi Liu, Quanguang Zhang
PURPOSE: This study aimed to examine the effects of swimming exercise pretreatment on a streptozotocin (STZ)-induced sporadic Alzheimer's disease rat model and provide an initial understanding of related molecular mechanisms. METHODS: Male 2.5-month-old Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into the following 4 groups: a) control, b) swim + vehicle, c) STZ without swim, and d) swim + STZ. The Barnes Maze task and Novel Object Recognition test were used to measure hippocampus-dependent spatial learning and working memory, respectively...
December 11, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232113/hyperbranched-polyglycerol-loaded-with-zinc-porphyrins-photosensitizer-release-under-reductive-and-acidic-conditions-for-improved-photodynamic-therapy
#8
Michael H Staegemann, Susanna Gräfe, Burkhard Gitter, Katharina Achazi, Elisa Quaas, Rainer Haag, Arno Wiehe
An adaptable approach toward cleavable nanoparticle carrier systems for photodynamic therapy (PDT) is presented, comprising a biocompatible carrier loaded with multiple photosensitizer (PS) molecules related to the clinically employed PS Temoporfin, two linkers cleavable under different triggers and glyco-targeting with mannose. A synthetic pathway to stimuli responsive hyperbranched polyglycerol (hPG) porphyrin conjugates via the copper(I)-catalyzed 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition (CuAAC) or the strain-promoted alkyne-azide cycloaddition (SPAAC) has been developed...
December 12, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232010/protective-effect-of-hsp27-in-atherosclerosis-and-coronary-heart-disease-by-inhibiting-reactive-oxygen-species
#9
Hongli Zhang, Kaiying Jia, Da Sun, Min Yang
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the mechanism of HSP27 as a diagnostic biomarker in coronary heart disease (CHD) and atherosclerosis (AS). METHOD: Expressions of HSP27 in CHD patients and healthy controls were determined by ELISA, and expressions of HSP27 in aortas of CHD patients and healthy controls were measured by Immunohistochemistry. ROC curve was applied to assess the diagnostic performance of HSP27 in CHD. ApoE-/- mice were included and accordingly grouped. The expressions of HSP27 in AS plaque were measured by qRT-PCR, Immunohistochemistry and Western blot...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232009/effect-of-the-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-pathway-on-apoptosis-migration-and-invasion-of-transplanted-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells-after-transcatheter-arterial-chemoembolization-in-rats
#10
Bao-Ming Wang, Nuo Li
This study aims to investigate the influence of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway on apoptosis, migration and invasion of transplanted hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells after transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) in rat models. A total of 60 rats were grouped into sham, TACE, Wnt-C59 and TACE + Wnt-C59 groups (n = 20). Ten days after model establishment, 10 rats in each group were executed to perform pathological examination and follow-up experiment, and the remaining 10 rats in each group were reared to observe the survival condition...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232002/effects-of-microrna-93-on-mouse-cardiac-microvascular-endothelial-cells-injury-and-inflammatory-response-by-mediating-spp1-through-the-nf-%C3%AE-b-pathway
#11
Su-Xia Ma, Zhi-Feng Bai, Wei Wang, Hui-Ying Wu
BACKGROUND: This study aims to investigate the regulative role of microRNA-93 (miR-93) in mouse cardiac microvascular endothelial cells (CMECs) injury and inflammatory response by negatively targeting SPP1 gene via the NF-κB signaling pathway. METHODS: Healthy Balb/c mice were recruited to establish mouse model with myocarditis using CVB3 virus. Mice were grouped into the normal, blank, negative control (NC), miR-93 inhibitor, miR-93 mimic, SPP1 shRNA and miR-93 mimic + SPP1 shRNA groups...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231976/reduced-salivary-flow-rate-and-high-levels-of-oxidative-stress-in-whole-saliva-of-children-with-down-syndrome
#12
Natália Bertolo Domingues, Matheus Racy Mariusso, Marcia Hiromi Tanaka, Raquel Mantuaneli Scarel-Caminaga, Marcia Pinto Alves Mayer, Fernanda Lourenção Brighenti, Ângela Cristina Cilense Zuanon, Flávia Kazue Ibuki, Fernando Neves Nogueira, Elisa Maria Aparecida Giro
AIM: To investigate salivary parameters between children with Down Syndrome (DS) and without DS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Stimulated whole saliva was collected from 18 children with DS and 23 without DS. Salivary flow rate, pH, and salivary buffering capacity were determined. Cariogenic microorganisms were quantified by culture, and periodontopathogens by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. The antioxidant profile was quantified spectrophotometrically, while malondialdehyde (MDA) was quantified by high-performance liquid chromatography...
December 12, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231756/higher-levels-of-circulating-timp-4-in-preeclampsia-is-strongly-associated-with-clinical-parameters-and-microrna
#13
Valéria C Sandrim, Solange Diniz, Nibia Mariana Eleuterio, Karina B Gomes, Luci Maria S Dusse, Ricardo C Cavalli
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia results in maternal and fetal complications and some studies have reported the role of MMPs and TIMPs in its pathophysiology. Therefore, the aim of this study was to compare plasma TIMP-4 levels in preeclampsia and healthy pregnant; and to correlate these levels with clinical parameters and expression of Let7a-5p (3´UTR post-transcriptionally regulation) Methods: TIMP-4 was measured by ELISA and miR-Let7a-5p expression by qPCR. RESULTS: Elevated plasma TIMP-4 levels in preeclampsia compared to healthy pregnant was found 1450 ± 411 vs...
December 12, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231711/embedding-capture-magneto-catalytic-activity-into-a-nano-catalyst-for-the-determination-of-lipid-kinase
#14
Tao Gao, Chaoli Mu, Hai Shi, Liu Shi, Xiaoxia Mao, Genxi Li
Using emerging nano-catalysts to investigate the activity of bio-catalysts (protein enzymes, catalytic RNAs, ect.) is increasingly receiving attention from material, analytical and biomedical scientists. Here, we have first fabricated a three-in-one nano-catalyst, the nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA)-modified magnetite nanoparticle (NTA-MNPs), to develop an integrated magneto-colorimetric (MagColor) assay for lipid kinase activity, so as to solve the inherent problems in lipid kinase assay. Based on three integrated functions of the NTA-MNPs (capture, magnetic separation and peroxidase activity), catalytic activity of lipid kinase is directly converted to colorimetric signals...
December 12, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231614/-effects-of-preventative-moxibustion-on-ampk-and-mtor-in-myocardial-tissue-in-rats-with-exhaustive-exercise
#15
Haoran Zhang, Hongru Zhang, Shengfeng Lu, Hua Bai, Yihuang Gu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of preventative moxibustion on adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) in myocardial tissue in rats with exhaustive exercise, and to explore the action mechanism of preventative moxibustion for myocardial injury by exhaustive exercise. METHODS: Eighteen SD male rats were randomly divided into a blank group, an exhaustive exercise group and a moxibustion group, 6 rats in each one...
May 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231548/-acupuncture-for-tgf-%C3%AE-1-expression-in-lung-tissues-of-asthma-rats
#16
Junping Han, Shuang Li, Ye Zhao, Jinhua Yang, Yueyue Yu, Na Sun, Jianmei Cui
OBJECTIVE: To explore the regulation of acupuncture for transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) expression in the lung tissues of bronchial asthmatic rats. METHODS: Forty SPF male SD rats were randomly divided into a blank group, a model group, an acupuncture group and a shallow fast acupuncture group, 10 rats in each group. Asthma model was established in the model, acupuncture, and shallow fast acupuncture groups, and no intervention was applied in the blank and model groups...
July 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231348/-effects-of-electroacupuncture-on-postoperative-cognitive-dysfunction-and-ang%C3%A2-at1r-in-the-hippocampus-in-aging-rats-induced-by-d-galactose
#17
Peipei Feng, Zhe Liu, Xin Wang, Wenjuan Wang, Gaimei Wang, Na Li
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) on postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) and AngⅡ/AT1R in the hippocampus in D-galactose-induced aging rats which received hepalobectomy, and to explore the possible mechanism of EA on POCD. METHODS: Eighty male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into a young control group (10 rats), a D-Galactose-induced aged (Da) group (10 rats), a Da+hepatolobectomy group (30 rats) and an EA group (30 rats)...
August 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231347/-study-on-electroacupuncture-along-the-visual-conductive-pathway-for-ocular-cell-apoptosis-in-anterior-ischemic-optic-neuropathy
#18
Ying Wang, Hui Guo, Zide Zhao, Lina Yu, Peng Bai
OBJECTIVE: To study the protective effect of electroacupuncture (EA) along the visual conductive pathway for the optic nerve tissue of anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (AION) in terms of the structure and apoptosis. METHODS: The AION model of right eye was established with laser in 48 New Zealand white ear rabbits. All rabbits were randomly divided into a model group, an acupuncture group and an acupuncture combined with EA group, 16 rabbits in each one. Other 16 normal left eyes were selected as a blank group...
August 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230705/crosstalk-between-tlr4-and-notch1-signaling-in-the-iga-nephropathy-during-inflammatory-response
#19
Xuxiang Sheng, Xiaoyan Zuo, Xihui Liu, Yang Zhou, Xia Sun
PURPOSE: IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is an immune complex-mediated disease involved in the kidney disease. Recent studies have revealed that Notch signaling-related genes are aberrantly expressed in various cell types and maybe associate with inflammation-induced carcinogenesis. The aim of our study was to investigate the function of Notch1 in the inflammatory response of IgAN. METHODS: The expression of Notch1, Jagged1 and NICD1 in 52 IgAN renal tissues and 20 control renal tissues was first determined using quantitative real-time PCR and Western blot...
December 11, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230631/the-investigation-of-ceranib-2-on-apoptosis-and-drug-interaction-with-carboplatin-in-human-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-cells-in-vitro
#20
Merve Yildiz-Ozer, Pinar Oztopcu-Vatan, Gokhan Kus
Ceramide is found to be involved in inhibition of cell division and induction of apoptosis in certain tumour cells. Ceranib-2 is an agent that increases ceramide levels by inhibiting ceramidase in cancer cells. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the effects of ceranib-2 on cell survival, apoptosis and interaction with carboplatin in human non-small cell lung cancer cells. The cytotoxic effect of ceranib-2 (1-100 µM) was determined by MTT assay in human lung adenocarcinoma (A549) and large cell lung carcinoma (H460) cells...
December 11, 2017: Cytotechnology
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