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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925300/the-importance-of-serum-biglycan-levels-as-a-fibrosis-marker-in-patients-with-chronic-hepatitis-b
#1
Rafiye Ciftciler, Seren Ozenirler, Aysegul Atak Yucel, Mustafa Cengiz, Gulbanu Erkan, Erkan Buyukdemirci, Cemile Sönmez, Guldal Yılmaz Esendaglı
BACKGROUND: Liver biopsy is recommended in the majority of patients with chronic viral hepatitis for fibrosis evaluation. Because of the potential risks of liver biopsy, many studies related to non-invasive biomarkers of hepatic fibrosis have been performed. We aimed to assess the diagnostic value of serum biglycan as a non-invasive fibrosis marker in chronic hepatitis B patients. METHODS: This study included 120 patients with biopsy-proven hepatitis B patients and 60 healthy controls...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925205/generation-of-insulin-producing-cells-from-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-using-a-stepwise-differentiation-protocol-optimized-with-platelet-rich-plasma
#2
Seyed Ehsan Enderami, Yousef Mortazavi, Masoud Soleimani, Samad Nadri, Alireza Biglari, Reyhaneh Nassiri Mansour
Studies on patient-specific human-induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) as well as a series of autologous growth factors presumably will reveal their many benefits for cell base replacement therapy in type 1 diabetes mellitus (TIDM) patients in the future. For this purpose, we established a multistep protocol by adding platelet-rich plasma (PRP) that induce the hiPSCs into insulin-producing cells (IPCs). We present here a differentiation protocol consisting of five stages in two groups including protocol with PRP and without PRP...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925202/calprotectin-induces-il-6-and-mcp-1-production-via-toll-like-receptor-4-signaling-in-human-gingival-fibroblasts
#3
Yasufumi Nishikawa, Yukari Kajiura, Jung Hwan Lew, Jun-Ichi Kido, Toshihiko Nagata, Koji Naruishi
Calprotectin, a heterodimer of S100A8 and S100A9 molecules, is associated with inflammatory diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease. We have reported that calprotectin levels in gingival crevicular fluids of periodontitis patients are significantly higher than in healthy subjects. However, the functions of calprotectin in pathophysiology of periodontitis are still unknown. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of calprotectin on the productivity of inflammatory cytokines in human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs)...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925193/systemic-and-local-adipose-tissue-in-knee-osteoarthritis
#4
REVIEW
Elisa Belluzzi, Hamza El Hadi, Marnie Granzotto, Marco Rossato, Roberta Ramonda, Veronica Macchi, Raffaele De Caro, Roberto Vettor, Marta Favero
Osteoarthritis is a common chronic joint disorder affecting older people. The knee is the major joint affected. The symptoms of osteoarthritis include limited range of motion, joint swelling, and pain causing disability. There are no disease modifying drugs available, and treatments are mainly focused on pain management. Total knee replacement performed at the end stage of the disease is considered the only cure available. It has been found that obese people have an increased risk to develop not only knee but also hand osteoarthritis...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925172/effect-of-early-intervention-in-infants-at-very-high-risk-of-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Mijna Hadders-Algra, Anke G Boxum, Tjitske Hielkema, Elisa G Hamer
AIM: First, to systematically review the evidence on the effect of intervention applied during the first postnatal year in infants with or at very high risk of cerebral palsy (CP) on child and family outcome. Second, to assess whether type and dosing of intervention modify the effect of intervention. METHOD: Relevant literature was identified by searching the PubMed, Embase, and CINAHL databases. Selection criteria included infants younger than 12 months corrected age with or at very high risk of CP...
December 7, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925065/natural-canine-infection-by-leishmania-infantum-and-leishmania-amazonensis-and-their-implications-for-disease-control
#6
Letícia da Cruz Sanches, Cleber Costa de Martini, Alex Akira Nakamura, Maria Emília Bodini Santiago, Beatriz Dolabela de Lima, Valéria Marçal Felix de Lima
Leishmaniasis is a major public health problem worldwide. Because Leishmania can adapt to new hosts or vectors, knowledge concerning the current etiological agent in dogs is important in endemic areas. This study aimed to identify the Leishmania species detected in 103 samples of peripheral blood from dogs that were naturally infected with these protozoa. The diagnosis of leishmaniasis was determined through parasitological examination, the indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and the polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
December 1, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925060/hepatozoon-canis-and-leishmania-spp-coinfection-in-dogs-diagnosed-with-visceral-leishmaniasis
#7
Fernanda Nazaré Morgado, Amanda Dos Santos Cavalcanti, Luisa Helena de Miranda, Lúcia Helena O'Dwyer, Maria Regina Lucas da Silva, Rodrigo Caldas Menezes, Aurea Virgínia Andrade da Silva, Mariana Côrtes Boité, Elisa Cupolillo, Renato Porrozzi
This study describes the occurrence of dogs naturally co-infected with Hepatozoon canis and two Leishmania species: L. infantum or L. braziliensis. Four dogs serologically diagnosed with Visceral Leishmaniasis were euthanized. Liver and spleen samples were collected for histopathological analysis and DNA isolation. H. canis meronts were observed in tissues from all four dogs. H. canis infection was confirmed by PCR followed by sequencing of a fragment of 18S rRNA gene. Leishmania detection and typing was confirmed by ITS1' PCR-RFLP and parasite burden was calculated using ssrRNA quantitative qPCR...
December 1, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924952/a-competitive-bio-barcode-amplification-immunoassay-for-small-molecules-based-on-nanoparticles
#8
Pengfei Du, Maojun Jin, Ge Chen, Chan Zhang, Zejun Jiang, Yanxin Zhang, Pan Zou, Yongxin She, Fen Jin, Hua Shao, Shanshan Wang, Lufei Zheng, Jing Wang
A novel detection method of small molecules, competitive bio-barcode amplification immunoassay, was developed and described in this report. Through the gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) probe and magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) probe we prepared, only one monoclonal antibody can be used to detect small molecules. The competitive bio-barcode amplification immunoassay overcomes the obstacle that the bio-barcode assay cannot be used in small molecular detection, as two antibodies are unable to combine to one small molecule due to its small molecular structure...
December 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924729/conjugated-linoleic-acid-isomers-exert-differential-effects-on-an-adipocyte-model-of-hiv-associated-lipodystrophy
#9
Cathríona R Loonam, Sandra D O Dell, Anne Mullen
BACKGROUND: HIV-associated lipodystrophy is associated with decreased expression of PPAR-γ in adipose tissue. Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers (cis9, trans11 and trans10, cis12) are putative PPAR-γ agonists, but have not previously been investigated in the context of HIV-associated lipodystrophy. METHODS: 3T3-L1 pre-adipocytes were differentiated in the presence of ritonavir (20 μM as per previous experimental models) and 100 μM cis9,trans11, trans10,cis12 or vehicle control, DMSO...
December 7, 2016: Current HIV Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924721/structural-brain-connectome-and-cognitive-impairment-in-parkinson-disease
#10
Sebastiano Galantucci, Federica Agosta, Elka Stefanova, Silvia Basaia, Martijn P van den Heuvel, Tanja Stojković, Elisa Canu, Iva Stanković, Vladana Spica, Massimiliano Copetti, Delia Gagliardi, Vladimir S Kostić, Massimo Filippi
Purpose To investigate the structural brain connectome in patients with Parkinson disease (PD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and in patients with PD without MCI. Materials and Methods This prospective study was approved by the local ethics committees, and written informed consent was obtained from all subjects prior to enrollment. The individual structural brain connectome of 170 patients with PD (54 with MCI, 116 without MCI) and 41 healthy control subjects was obtained by using deterministic diffusion-tensor tractography...
December 7, 2016: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924719/quantification-of-obeche-wood-allergen-development-of-a-sensitive-sandwich-elisa-for-occupational-exposure-assessment
#11
S Kespohl, P Campo, E Zahradnik, S Maryska, A Aranda-Guerrero, J Rodriguez, T Brüning, M Raulf
Obeche wood is a prominent cause of allergic occupational asthma. To reduce the risk of immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated sensitization it is important to assess airborne obeche wood allergen concentrations at exposed workplaces. Therefore, a highly sensitive obeche wood allergen immunoassay was developed and applicability was proven on airborne passive dust samples in Spanish wood workshops. Obeche wood sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) polyclonal antibodies (pAbs) were developed. Test specificity was verified by different wood and mold extracts...
2016: Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924607/fabrication-and-characterization-of-decellularized-periodontal-ligament-cell-sheet-constructs
#12
Amro Farag, Cédryck Vaquette, Dietmar W Hutmacher, P Mark Bartold, Saso Ivanovski
Decellularized tissue-engineered constructs have the potential to promote regeneration by providing a biomimetic extracellular matrix that directs tissue-specific regeneration when implanted in situ. Recently, the use of cell sheets has shown promising results in promoting periodontal regeneration. Here, we describe the fabrication of decellularized periodontal cell sheets with intact extracellular matrix structural and biological properties. Melt electro spun polycaprolactone (PCL) scaffolds are used as a carrier for the inherently fragile cell sheets, to provide support during the processes of decellularization...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924525/a-three-day-consecutive-fingolimod-administration-improves-neurological-functions-and-modulates-multiple-immune-responses-of-cci-mice
#13
Chuang Gao, Yu Qian, Jinhao Huang, Dong Wang, Wanqiang Su, Peng Wang, Linyue Guo, Wei Quan, Shuo An, Jianning Zhang, Rongcai Jiang
Excessive inflammation after traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of secondary TBI. Though several inflammatory biomarkers have been postulated as the risk factors of TBI, there has not been any comprehensive description of them. Fingolimod, a new kind of immunomodulatory agent which can diminish various kinds of inflammatory responses, has shown additional therapeutic effects in the treatment of intracranial cerebral hematoma (ICH), ischemia, spinal cord injury (SCI), and many other CNS disorders...
December 6, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924460/proteomic-profile-of-maternal-aged-blastocoel-fluid-suggests-a-novel-role-for-ubiquitin-system-in-blastocyst-quality
#14
Gabriella Tedeschi, Elena Albani, Elena Monica Borroni, Valentina Parini, Anna Maria Brucculeri, Elisa Maffioli, Armando Negri, Simona Nonnis, Mauro Maccarrone, Paolo Emanuele Levi-Setti
PURPOSE: The etiology of maternal aging, a common cause of female factor infertility and a rate-limiting step in vitro fertilization (IVF) success, remains still unclear. Proteomic changes responsible for the impaired successful pregnancy outcome after IVF with aged blastocysts have not been yet evaluated. The objective of this prospective study was to employ proteomic techniques and bioinformatic tools to enlight differences at the protein level in blastocoel fluid of aged and younger woman...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924452/erratum-to-neural-correlates-of-correct-and-failed-response-inhibition-in-heavy-versus-light-social-drinkers-an-fmri-study-during-a-go-no-go-task-by-healthy-participants
#15
Salvatore Campanella, Julie Absil, Carina Carbia Sinde, Elisa Schroder, Philippe Peigneux, Mathieu Bourguignon, Mathieu Petieau, Thierry Metens, Mustapha Nouali, Serge Goldman, Guy Cheron, Paul Verbanck, Xavier De Tiège
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 6, 2016: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924392/colonic-stenting-as-a-bridge-to-surgery-versus-emergency-surgery-for-malignant-colonic-obstruction-results-of-a-multicentre-randomised-controlled-trial-esco-trial
#16
Alberto Arezzo, Carmen Balague, Eduardo Targarona, Felice Borghi, Giorgio Giraudo, Luigi Ghezzo, Antonio Arroyo, Javier Sola-Vera, Paolo De Paolis, Maurizio Bossotti, Elisa Bannone, Edoardo Forcignanò, Marco Augusto Bonino, Roberto Passera, Mario Morino
BACKGROUND: The aim of colonic stenting with self-expandable metallic stents in neoplastic colon obstruction is to avoid emergency surgery and thus potentially reduce morbidity, mortality, and need for a stoma. Concern has been raised, however, about the effect of colonic stenting on short-term complications and long-term survival. We compared morbidity rates after colonic stenting as a bridge to surgery (SBTS) versus emergency surgery (ES) in the management of left-sided malignant large-bowel obstruction...
December 6, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924359/effects-of-4-methylumbelliferone-and-high-molecular-weight-hyaluronic-acid-on-the-inflammation-of-corneal-stromal-cells-induced-by-lps
#17
Fang Li, Peng Hao, Guangjie Liu, Weiyi Wang, Ruifang Han, Zhixin Jiang, Xuan Li
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of hyaluronic acid (HA) on the inflammation of corneal fibroblasts induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). METHODS: Primary rabbit corneal keratocytes were isolated with collagenase. The keratocytes were cultured in a serum-containing medium to induce corneal fibroblasts, which represented the wound repair phenotype of corneal keratocytes. Corneal fibroblasts were treated with LPS with or without 4-methylumbelliferone (4-MU) / high molecular weight hyaluronic acid (HMWHA)...
December 6, 2016: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924165/assessment-of-global-dna-methylation-in-the-first-trimester-fetal-tissues-exposed-to-maternal-cigarette-smoking
#18
Svetlana Fa, Trine Vilsbøll Larsen, Katrine Bilde, Tina F Daugaard, Emil H Ernst, Rasmus H Olesen, Linn S Mamsen, Erik Ernst, Agnete Larsen, Anders L Nielsen
AIMS: Maternal cigarette smoking during pregnancy increases the risk of negative health consequences for the exposed child. Epigenetic mechanisms constitute a likely link between the prenatal exposure to maternal cigarette smoking and the increased risk in later life for diverse pathologies. Maternal smoking induces gene-specific DNA methylation alterations as well as global DNA hypermethylation in the term placentas and hypomethylation in the cord blood. Early pregnancy represents a developmental time where the fetal epigenome is remodeled and accordingly can be expected to be highly prone to exposures with an epigenetic impact...
2016: Clinical Epigenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923950/results-of-a-zika-virus-zikv-immunoglobulin-m-specific-diagnostic-assay-are-highly-correlated-with-detection-of-neutralizing-anti-zikv-antibodies-in-neonates-with-congenital-disease
#19
Marli T Cordeiro, Carlos A A Brito, Lindomar J Pena, Priscila M S Castanha, Laura H V G Gil, Kennya G S Lopes, Rafael Dhalia, Jucille A Meneses, Ana C Ishigami, Luisa M Mello, Liciana X E Alencar, Klarissa M Guarines, Laura C Rodrigues, Ernesto T A Marques
BACKGROUND:  Usually, immunoglobulin M (IgM) serologic analysis is not sufficiently specific to confirm Zika virus (ZIKV) infection. However, since IgM does not cross the placenta, it may be a good marker of infection in neonates. METHODS:  We tested blood from 42 mothers and neonates with microcephaly and collected cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) specimens from 30 neonates. Molecular assays were performed for detection of ZIKV, dengue virus, and chikungunya virus; IgM enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays and plaque-reduction neutralization tests (PRNTs) were performed to detect ZIKV and dengue virus...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923814/mir-483-targeting-of-ctgf-suppresses-endothelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-therapeutic-implications-in-kawasaki-disease
#20
Ming He, Zhen Chen, Marcy Martin, Jin Zhang, Panjamaporn Sangwung, Brian Woo, Adriana Tremoulet, Chisato Shimizu, Mukesh K Jain, Jane C Burns, John Shyy
RATIONALE: Endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndoMT) is implicated in myofibroblast-like cell-mediated damage to the coronary arterial wall in acute Kawasaki disease (KD) patients, as evidenced by positive staining for connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) and EndoMT markers in KD autopsy tissues. However, little is known about the molecular basis of EndoMT involved in KD. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the microRNA (miRNA) regulation of CTGF and the consequent EndoMT in KD pathogenesis...
December 6, 2016: Circulation Research
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