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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166657/the-effects-of-kinesio-taping-on-the-trajectory-of-the-forelimb-and-the-muscle-activity-of-the-musculus-brachiocephalicus-and-the-musculus-extensor-carpi-radialis-in-horses
#1
Antonia Zellner, Barbara Bockstahler, Christian Peham
BACKGROUND INFORMATION: The present study aimed to investigate the effects of Kinesio Taping on the trajectory of the forelimb and the muscle activity of the M. brachiocephalicus and the M. extensor carpi radialis in horses. 19 horses and ponies of different breeds (body weight: 496±117 kg), gender (8 mares, 10 geldings and 3 stallions) and ages (14.9±6.9 years old) were analysed without Kinesio Tape ("no tape"), with Kinesio Tape (muscle facilitation application on both muscles of both sides, "with tape") and immediately after Kinesio Taping ("post tape") through kinematic motion analysis and surface electromyography on a treadmill at the walk (speed: 1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165319/comparison-of-forward-and-back-projection-in-vivo-epid-dosimetry-for-vmat-treatment-of-the-prostate
#2
James L Bedford, Ian Maddock Hanson, Vibeke N Hansen
In the forward-projection method of portal dosimetry for volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT), the integrated signal at the electronic portal imaging device (EPID) is predicted at the time of treatment planning, against which the measured integrated image is compared. In the back-projection method, the measured signal at each gantry angle is back-projected through the patient CT scan to give a measure of total dose to the patient. This study aims to investigate the practical agreement between the two types of EPID dosimetry for prostate radiotherapy...
November 22, 2017: Physics in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164912/a-community-based-approach-to-assessing-the-physical-emotional-and-health-status-of-hispanic-breast-cancer-survivors
#3
Ana C Sanchez-Birkhead, Sara Carbajal-Salisbury, Jorge Arce Larreta, Leslie Lovlien, Hilary Hendricks, Catherine Dingley, Susan L Beck
INTRODUCTION: Latina breast cancer survivors in the United States face disproportionate risk for poorer quality of life and physical health, as well as greater emotional distress. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey was conducted to describe the physical, emotional, and general health status of 135 Latina breast cancer survivors served by a community-based program. RESULTS: Of the 135 surveys sent, 48 survivors responded. Of those who responded, time since diagnosis ranged from 0 to 24 years ( M = 4...
January 1, 2017: Hispanic Health Care International: the Official Journal of the National Association of Hispanic Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163022/the-insula-and-taste-learning
#4
REVIEW
Adonis Yiannakas, Kobi Rosenblum
The sense of taste is a key component of the sensory machinery, enabling the evaluation of both the safety as well as forming associations regarding the nutritional value of ingestible substances. Indicative of the salience of the modality, taste conditioning can be achieved in rodents upon a single pairing of a tastant with a chemical stimulus inducing malaise. This robust associative learning paradigm has been heavily linked with activity within the insular cortex (IC), among other regions, such as the amygdala and medial prefrontal cortex...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162813/chemogenomic-analysis-reveals-key-role-for-lysine-acetylation-in-regulating-arc-stability
#5
Jasmin Lalonde, Surya A Reis, Sudhir Sivakumaran, Carl S Holland, Hendrik Wesseling, John F Sauld, Begum Alural, Wen-Ning Zhao, Judith A Steen, Stephen J Haggarty
The role of Arc in synaptic plasticity and memory consolidation has been investigated for many years with recent evidence that defects in the expression or activity of this immediate-early gene may also contribute to the pathophysiology of brain disorders including schizophrenia and fragile X syndrome. These results bring forward the concept that reversing Arc abnormalities could provide an avenue to improve cognitive or neurological impairments in different disease contexts, but how to achieve this therapeutic objective has remained elusive...
November 21, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162306/osteosynthesis-of-ao-ota-13-c3-distal-humeral-fractures-in-patients-older-than-70-years
#6
Steven F Shannon, Eric R Wagner, Matthew T Houdek, Daniel Mascarenhas, Raymond A Pensy, Walter A Eglseder
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this retrospective case series was to examine the AO Foundation and Orthopaedic Trauma Association (AO/OTA) 13-C3 distal humeral fractures treated with open reduction-internal fixation (ORIF) in patients older than 70 years. METHODS: During an 8-year period, 21 patients older than 70 years with AO/OTA 13-C3 distal humeral fractures were treated with ORIF performed by 2 senior upper extremity traumatologists. There were 16 patients with >1 year of follow-up, with a mean age of 78 (70-84) years...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159011/proton-therapy-for-malignant-pleural-mesothelioma-a-three-case-series-describing-the-clinical-and-dosimetric-advantages-of-proton-based-therapy
#7
Howard Lee, Jing Zeng, Stephen R Bowen, Ramesh Rengan
Malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) is a malignancy of the pleural cavity that typically presents at an advanced stage. Due to its large, circumferential clinical target volume (CTV) and proximity to major structures, including the heart and contralateral lung, delivering hemithoracic intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) with photon therapy to achieve loco-regional control following macroscopic complete resection is challenging. Intensity-modulated proton therapy (IMPT) has been shown to be a method for achieving higher therapeutic doses while limiting exposure to organs at risk (OARs), but patient outcomes after treatment have yet to be reported...
September 20, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158796/radiotherapy-alone-or-concurrent-chemoradiation-for-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-in-elderly-patients
#8
Lina Zhao, Yongchun Zhou, Haitao Pan, Yutian Yin, Guangjin Chai, Yunfeng Mu, Feng Xiao, Steven H Lin, Mei Shi
Purpose: The reported data of elderly ESCC are rather limited and there is a lack of information to guide treatment decisions for elderly patients with esophageal cancer. This study aims to identify the efficacy and factors for optimal treatment approaches for elderly esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) treated with radiotherapy (RT) alone or concurrent chemoradiation (CCRT). Methods: This study included 184 I-III elderly ESCC patients aged ≥70 years treated by oral single agent CCRT (sCCRT) or double agents CCRT (dCCRT) or RT alone at a single institution in China...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158568/arc-induced-long-period-gratings-in-standard-and-speciality-optical-fibers-under-mixed-neutron-gamma-irradiation
#9
Andrei Stancălie, Flavio Esposito, Rajeev Ranjan, Petrişor Bleotu, Stefania Campopiano, Agostino Iadicicco, Dan Sporea
In this paper, for the first time, the effects of mixed neutron and gamma flux on the spectral and sensing responses of Long Period Gratings (LPGs) are thoroughly analyzed. Six LPGs written by means of Electric Arc Discharge (EAD) technique in standard and speciality fibers, including radiation-hardened ones, were tested. The EAD technique was chosen because it enables the writing of gratings both in standard and not photosensitive fibers. The experiments have been carried out in a "TRIGA" pulsed nuclear reactor and the LPGs were irradiated by a gamma-ray dose-rate of 9 Gy/s and a mean 1...
November 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156695/mir-2964a-5p-binding-site-snp-regulates-atm-expression-contributing-to-age-related-cataract-risk
#10
Han Rong, Shanshan Gu, Guowei Zhang, Lihua Kang, Mei Yang, Junfang Zhang, Xinyue Shen, Huaijin Guan
This study was to explore the involvement of DNA repair genes in the pathogenesis of age-related cataract (ARC). We genotyped nine single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of genes responsible to DNA double strand breaks (DSBs) in 804 ARC cases and 804 controls in a cohort of eye diseases in Chinese population and found that the ataxia telangiectasia mutated (ATM) gene-rs4585:G>T was significantly associated with ARC risk. An in vitro functional test found that miR-2964a-5p specifically down-regulated luciferase reporter expression and ATM expression in the cell lines transfected with rs4585 T allele compared to rs4585 G allele...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154099/comparison-analysis-on-the-thermal-runaway-of-lithium-ion-battery-under-two-heating-modes
#11
Tangqin Wu, Haodong Chen, Qingsong Wang, Jinhua Sun
The thermal stability evaluation of materials in a soft-pack commercial cell is tested using C80 calorimeter, including anode, cathode, separator and full cell (mixing of the three materials including additional electrolyte). Thermal runaway characteristic of the commercial cell is tested on the accelerating rate calorimeter (ARC) with two heating modes, including internal heating mode and external heating mode. The results show that the thermal stability of internal material for tested cell follows the below order: anode<separator<cathode...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152846/on-the-geud-biological-optimization-objective-for-organs-at-risk-in-photon-optimizer-of-eclipse-treatment-planning-system
#12
Antonella Fogliata, Stephen Thompson, Antonella Stravato, Stefano Tomatis, Marta Scorsetti, Luca Cozzi
Inverse planning optimization using biologically based objectives is becoming part of the intensity modulated optimization process. The performances and efficacy of the biologically based gEUD (generalized Equivalent Uniform Dose) objective implemented in the Photon Optimizer (PO) of Varian Eclipse treatment planning system have been here analyzed. gEUD is associated with the parameter a that accounts for the seriality of a structure, being higher for more serial organs. The PO was used to optimize volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT) plans on a virtual homogeneous cylindrical phantom presenting a target and an organ at risk (OAR)...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152430/a-dosimetric-comparison-of-intensity-modulated-proton-therapy-volumetric-modulated-arc-therapy-and-4%C3%AF-non-coplanar-intensity-modulated-radiation-therapy-for-a-patient-with-parameningeal-rhabdomyosarcoma
#13
Tiffany W Chen, Julian Sison, Becky Lee, Arthur J Olch, Andrew Chang, Annelise Giebeler, Kenneth Wong
Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is the most common soft tissue sarcoma in children and manifests as two major histological subtypes: embryonal and alveolar. The five-year local failure rate for RMS at parameningeal sites (middle ear, mastoid region, nasal cavity, etc.) is around 17% despite multiple Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma Study Group (IRS) trials conducted to determine the optimal radiation treatment regimen. This case report explores the use of intensity-modulated proton therapy (IMPT) for a 10-year-old child who presented with left eye irritation, facial pain, and headaches and was found to have an alveolar parameningeal rhabdomyosarcoma...
September 10, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151999/mid-term-outcomes-after-open-reduction-internal-fixation-of-proximal-interphalangeal-joint-dorsal-fracture-dislocations-through-a-volar-shotgun-approach-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#14
REVIEW
Juan Marcelo Giugale, Juntian Wang, Robert A Kaufmann, John R Fowler
Background: Proximal interphalangeal (PIP) fracture dislocations remain a complex injury pattern to treat. There are several treatment methods available aimed to restore stability, preserve range of motion, and reconstitute the articular surface. This study looked at the mid-term clinical and radiographic results of open reduction internal fixation through a shotgun approach of comminuted PIP fracture dislocations. Methods: A retrospective review was conducted of all PIP fracture dislocations treated through a volar, shotgun approach at a single institution over a 15-year period...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149224/correction-evaluation-of-acute-toxicity-and-early-clinical-outcome-in-head-and-neck-cancers-treated-with-conventional-radiotherapy-and-simultaneous-integrated-boost-arc-radiotherapy
#15
Amit Bahl, Arun S Oinam, Satinder Kaur, Roshan Verma, Arun Elangovan, Sudhir Bhandari, Jaimanti Bakshi, Naresh Panda, Sushmita Ghoshal
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.14740/wjon1049w.].
October 2017: World Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148703/bond-energy-driven-low-high-angle-grain-boundary-movement-mediated-porous-se-te-synthesis-for-water-splitting-reaction
#16
Anup Kumar Sasmal, Arpan Kumar Nayak, Prashant Kartikeya, Debabrata Pradhan, Tarasankar Pal
Herein, for the first time we applied metal-metal bond energy factor for the evolution of porous Se-Te alloy. Porous Se-Te material has been prepared from their elemental states only through heating-cooling process in silicone oil without using any reagent, surfactant or capping agent. Surprisingly the reaction occurred at much lower temperature (240 °C) than the m.p. (450 °C) of Te0. The nucleation and growth have been clarified by means of varied bond energy for the first time. Difference in bond energy between hetero metal-metal bond (Se-Te) and homo metal-metal (Se-Se) directs nucleation and growth towards the fabrication of porous structure even from their elemental state where low angle grain boundary (LAGB) and high angle grain boundary (HAGB) movements play their governing roles...
November 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148357/cuts-and-the-cutting-edge-british-science-funding-and-the-making-of-animal-biotechnology-in-1980s-edinburgh
#17
Dmitriy Myelnikov
The Animal Breeding Research Organisation in Edinburgh (ABRO, founded in 1945) was a direct ancestor of the Roslin Institute, celebrated for the cloning of Dolly the sheep. After a period of sustained growth as an institute of the Agricultural Research Council (ARC), ABRO was to lose most of its funding in 1981. This decision has been absorbed into the narrative of the Thatcherite attack on science, but in this article I show that the choice to restructure ABRO pre-dated major government cuts to agricultural research, and stemmed from the ARC's wish to prioritize biotechnology in its portfolio...
December 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147446/evaluation-of-acute-toxicity-and-early-clinical-outcome-in-head-and-neck-cancers-treated-with-conventional-radiotherapy-and-simultaneous-integrated-boost-arc-radiotherapy
#18
Amit Bahl, Arun S Oinam, Satinder Kaur, Roshan Verma, Arun Elangovan, Sudhir Bhandari, Jaimanti Bakshi, Naresh Panda, Sushmita Ghoshal
Background: Chemoradiotherapy plays an important role in management of locally advanced head and neck cancers. This retrospective analysis was done to evaluate and compare acute toxicity profiles and early clinical outcomes in patients treated with conventional and arc techniques. Methods: Fifty-five patients of head and neck cancers were evaluated. Thirty patients received conventional radiotherapy with 6 MV or cobalt 60 and 25 patients were treated with simultaneous integrated boost-volumetric modulated arc radiotherapy (SIB-VMAT) with dose prescription of 66 - 70 Gy...
August 2017: World Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147034/consumption-smoothing-and-frequency-of-benefit-payments-of-cash-transfer-programs
#19
Emma Aguila, Arie Kapteyn, Francisco Perez-Arce
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: American Economic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146506/silicone-metacarpophalangeal-arthroplasty-for-osteoarthritis-long-term-results
#20
Nathan T Morrell, Arnold-Peter C Weiss
PURPOSE: To demonstrate that silicone metacarpophalangeal (MCP) arthroplasty provides excellent long-term outcomes with a low complication rate in osteoarthritis patients. METHODS: A consecutive cohort of 35 patients with osteoarthritis of 1 or more MCP joints undergoing anatomically neutral silicone MCP arthroplasty was followed over a 15-year period. Functional outcomes including strength and range of motion (ROM), as well as complications, were recorded. All patients were available for long-term assessment including radiographs and outcomes questionnaire...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
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