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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731912/assessing-infant-and-maternal-readiness-for-newborn-discharge
#1
Ling Jing, Casidhe-Nicole Bethancourt, Thomas McDonagh
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The review highlights the shift from prescribed length of stay (LOS) to mother-infant dyad readiness as the basis for making discharge decisions for healthy term newborns. We describe the components of readiness that should be considered in making the decision, focusing on infant clinical readiness, and maternal and familial readiness. RECENT FINDINGS: Although the Newborns' and Mothers' Health Protection Act of 1996 aimed to protect infants and mothers by establishing a minimum LOS, the American Academy of Pediatrics 2015 policy on newborn discharge acknowledges the shift from LOS-based to readiness-based discharge decision-making...
July 20, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729127/variation-in-safe-sleep-and-breastfeeding-practices-among-non-hispanic-black-mothers-in-the-us-according-to-birth-country
#2
Margaret G K Parker, Eve R Colson, Lauren Provini, Denis V Rybin, Stephen M Kerr, Timothy Heeren, Michael J Corwin
OBJECTIVE: To examine variation in safe sleep and breastfeeding practices among US non-Hispanic black (NHB) mothers according to birth country METHODS: We analyzed NHB mothers that were surveyed regarding safe sleep and breastfeeding practices when their infants were 2-6 months of age in 2011-14, as part of a larger national study. We examined prevalences of safe sleep and breastfeeding practices according to birth country and examined odds of adherence to American Academy of Pediatrics recommended safe sleep and breastfeeding practices in foreign born NHBs, compared to US born NHBs...
July 17, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728766/assessment-of-safe-sleep-validation-of-the-parent-newborn-sleep-safety-survey
#3
Leanne Whiteside-Mansell, Rosemary Nabaweesi, Alison Rose Caballero, Samantha Hope Mullins, Beverly Kaye Miller, Mary Elizabeth Aitken
PURPOSE: Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and suffocation account for more than half of all Sudden Unexpected Infant Deaths (SUID). The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommendations describe the safest environments to protect infants. This study compared parent responses on the Newborn Sleep Safety Survey and observational assessments (N=72) of infant sleep environments in families thought to be at high-risk for non-compliance with AAP recommendations. DESIGN AND METHODS: A naturalistic study of participants enrolled in two home visitation support programs was used...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724533/prevention-and-management-of-procedural-pain-in-the-neonate-an-update-american-academy-of-pediatrics-2016
#4
REVIEW
Yinru Lim, Sunit Godambe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 19, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712520/rear-facing-car-safety-seat-use-for-children-18-months-of-age-prevalence-and-determinants
#5
Ashley T Jones, Benjamin D Hoffman, Adrienne R Gallardo, Tess A Gilbert, Kathleen F Carlson
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence and potential determinants of rear-facing car safety seat use among children approximately 18 months of age born at a university hospital. STUDY DESIGN: We administered a telephone survey to caregivers of children 17-19 months of age who were born between November 2013 and May 2014. The survey was designed to assess the prevalence of rear-facing car safety seat use and estimate the likelihood of rear-facing car safety seat use, compared with forward-facing car seat use, in reference to hypothesized determinants...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712110/assessing-attitudes-and-actions-of-pediatric-dentists-toward-childhood-obesity-and-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#6
Robin Wright, Paul S Casamassimo
OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity is a major US health concern, and oral health professionals have opportunities to participate in an interprofessional effort to intervene owing to their access to young patients and their abilities in addressing obesity-related dietary habits like consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs). This study determined attitudes, behaviors, future intentions, and perceived barriers of pediatric dentists regarding efforts to prevent childhood obesity and reduce children's consumption of SSBs...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709518/developing-a-state-wide-infrastructure-for-safe-sleep-promotion
#7
Carolyn R Ahlers-Schmidt, Christy Schunn, Stephanie Kuhlmann, Zachary Kuhlmann, Matthew Engel
OBJECTIVES: Sleep-related deaths are the third leading cause of infant death in Kansas. This manuscript describes implementation of an infrastructure of regional trainers to educate on the American Academy of Pediatrics safe sleep recommendations. DESIGN: Prospective evaluation of training program on knowledge transfer. SETTING: Instructors were recruited from throughout the state of Kansas and trained to provide safe sleep education in their communities...
August 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707100/improving-safe-sleep-modeling-in-the-hospital-through-policy-implementation
#8
Rachel Heitmann, Ester K Nilles, Ashley Jeans, Jackie Moreland, Chris Clarke, Morgan F McDonald, Michael D Warren
Introduction Sleep-related infant deaths are major contributors to Tennessee's high infant mortality rate. The purpose of this initiative was to evaluate the impact of policy-based efforts to improve modeling of safe sleep practices by health care providers in hospital settings across Tennessee. Methods Safe sleep policies were developed and implemented at 71 hospitals in Tennessee. Policies, at minimum, were required to address staff training on the American Academy of Pediatrics' safe sleep recommendations, correct modeling of infant safe sleep practices, and parent education...
July 13, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704352/racial-and-geographic-differences-in-breastfeeding-united-states-2011-2015
#9
Erica H Anstey, Jian Chen, Laurie D Elam-Evans, Cria G Perrine
Breastfeeding provides numerous health benefits for infants and mothers alike. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends exclusive breastfeeding for approximately the first 6 months of life and continued breastfeeding with complementary foods through at least the first year (1). National estimates indicate substantial differences between non-Hispanic black (black) and non-Hispanic white (white) infants across breastfeeding indicators in the United States (2). CDC analyzed 2011-2015 National Immunization Survey (NIS) data for children born during 2010-2013 to describe breastfeeding initiation, exclusivity through 6 months and duration at 12 months among black and white infants...
July 14, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697266/less-is-more-evidence-based-management-of-bronchiolitis
#10
Elisa Hampton, Erika Abramson
Bronchiolitis is a common cause of outpatient visits and hospitalization in children younger than age 2 years. Despite the frequency with which pediatricians manage this diagnosis, there is significant variability in care in both the inpatient and outpatient setting. This may be due in part to changing guidelines set forth by leading pediatric organizations such as the American Academy of Pediatrics, as increasing evidence emerges that traditional therapies are not effective. This article reviews current evidence-based practices for diagnosis and treatment of bronchiolitis, and provides an overview of inpatient management...
July 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695691/neonatal-therapeutic-hypothermia-outside-of-standard-guidelines-a-survey-of-u-s-neonatologists
#11
Jennifer Burnsed, Santina A Zanelli
AIM: Therapeutic hypothermia is standard of care in term infants with moderate-to-severe hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). The goal of this survey was to explore the attitudes of U.S. neonatologists caring for infants with HIE who fall outside of current guidelines. METHOD: Case-based survey administered to members of the Section on Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine of American Academy of Pediatrics. RESULTS: 447 responses were analyzed, i...
July 11, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694707/did-the-2011-aap-recommendations-on-youth-hiv-testing-change-practice-trends-from-a-large-urban-adolescent-program
#12
Sujatha Seetharaman, Cathryn L Samples, Maria Trent
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is adherence to the October 2011 American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommendations for HIV screening in a large urban adolescent program with availability of a publicly funded program providing free, confidential, sexually transmitted infection (STI) and HIV counseling and testing (then rapid or third generation HIV testing), nested in the same adolescent clinic. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of HIV screening trends among 13- to 24-year-old patients tested for HIV during periods of January 2010 to June 2011 (18 months pre-AAP recommendations period) and July 2011 to December 2012 (18-month period, which included 15 months after the AAP recommendations)...
2017: HIV/AIDS: Research and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692430/adherence-to-safe-sleep-recommendations-by-families-with-higher-order-multiples
#13
Madeline C Haas, Donna Dowling, Elizabeth G Damato
BACKGROUND: More than 95% of higher-order multiples are born preterm and more than 90% are low birth weight, making this group of infants especially vulnerable to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Emerging evidence suggests that families with twins face challenges adhering to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommendations to reduce SIDS risks. Adherence to the AAP recommendations in families with higher-order multiples has not been described. PURPOSE: This study describes SIDS risk reduction infant care practices for higher-order multiples during the first year of life...
July 13, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691236/response-to-vogelstein-how-the-2012-aap-task-force-on-circumcision-went-wrong
#14
Robert S Van Howe
Vogelstein cautions medical organizations against jumping into the fray of controversial issues, yet proffers the 2012 American Academy of Pediatrics' Task Force policy position on infant male circumcision as 'an appropriate use of position-statements.' Only a scratch below the surface of this policy statement uncovers the Task Force's failure to consider Vogelstein's many caveats. The Task Force supported the cultural practice by putting undeserved emphasis on questionable scientific data, while ignoring or underplaying the importance of valid contrary scientific data...
July 9, 2017: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687246/edwin-lawrence-kendig-jr-md-dsc-hon-1911-2003
#15
REVIEW
Barry V Kirkpatrick
Edwin Kendig, MD is considered one of the founders of pediatric pulmonology. Prompted by his own experience with tuberculosis, he opened a 'chest clinic' for children, where he worked for 50years. He systematically published his observations and was the original editor of the first textbook in pediatric pulmonology in 1967. His book, now called Kendig and Chernick's Disorders of the Respiratory Tract in Children will publish its 9th edition in 2018. All of this was in addition to his primary care pediatric practice, his teaching and his work at the national and international level of pediatric care...
June 11, 2017: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624959/systematic-review-of-diagnostic-criteria-used-in-atopic-dermatitis-randomized-controlled-trials
#16
REVIEW
Paras P Vakharia, Rishi Chopra, Jonathan I Silverberg
BACKGROUND: Numerous diagnostic criteria for atopic dermatitis are used in clinical trials, which may limit comparison of results. OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine the most commonly used atopic dermatitis diagnostic criteria in randomized controlled trials internationally. METHODS: We performed a systematic review of randomized controlled trials with a pharmacological intervention from 2007 to 2016. Cochrane Library, EMBASE, GREAT, LILACS, MEDLINE, and Scopus were searched...
June 17, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607945/why-are-we-cutting-a-survey-of-cultural-views-on-circumcision-in-the-texas-panhandle
#17
Jerrod Spense, Janet Meller, James Abbey, Kayla Foster, Cynthia Sirri, Mubariz Naqvi
To determine the factors that may contribute to parents' decision to circumcise their son in the Texas Panhandle region, voluntary surveys were distributed to all mothers with term male newborns during the mandatory discharge planning class. The father being circumcised (P < .0001), Caucasian (P < .05), and some graduate school of the caregiver (P < .011) were factors most correlated with newborns being circumcised. Newborns of Hispanic origin, those having Medicaid insurance, and a Catholic affiliation were less likely to be circumcised...
2017: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606370/factors-influencing-pediatrician-retirement-a-survey-of-american-academy-of-pediatrics-chapter-members
#18
Mary E Rimsza, Holly Ruch-Ross, Harold K Simon, Thomas W Pendergass, Holly J Mulvey
OBJECTIVE: To assess the factors that may influence physicians' desire to retire through an analysis of data collected through the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) State Pediatrician Workforce Survey. STUDY DESIGN: An electronic survey was sent to retired and nonretired US pediatricians who held AAP membership. The respondents were asked about the importance of 12 factors that would influence or had influenced their decision to retire. The physicians who were not yet retired also were asked: "If you could afford to today, would you retire from medicine?" RESULTS: The survey was completed by 8867 pediatricians...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599588/teaching-parents-about-responsive-feeding-through-a-vicarious-learning-video-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Tracey Ledoux, Jessica Robinson, Tom Baranowski, Daniel P O'Connor
The American Academy of Pediatrics and World Health Organization recommend responsive feeding (RF) to promote healthy eating behaviors in early childhood. This project developed and tested a vicarious learning video to teach parents RF practices. A RF vicarious learning video was developed using community-based participatory research methods. Fifty parents of preschoolers were randomly assigned to watch Happier Meals or a control video about education. Knowledge and beliefs about RF practices were measured 1 week before and immediately after intervention...
June 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594753/opioid-use-in-pregnancy-neonatal-abstinence-syndrome-and-childhood-outcomes-executive-summary-of-a-joint-workshop-by-the-eunice-kennedy-shriver-national-institute-of-child-health-and-human-development-american-college-of-obstetricians-and-gynecologists-american
#20
Uma M Reddy, Jonathan M Davis, Zhaoxia Ren, Michael F Greene
In April 2016, the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development invited experts to a workshop to address numerous knowledge gaps and to review the evidence for the screening and management of opioid use in pregnancy and neonatal abstinence syndrome. The rising prevalence of opioid use in pregnancy has led to a concomitant dramatic fivefold increase in neonatal abstinence syndrome over the past decade. Experts from diverse disciplines addressed research gaps in the following areas: 1) optimal screening for opioid use in pregnancy; 2) complications of pregnancy associated with opioid use; 3) appropriate treatments for pregnant women with opioid use disorders; 4) the best approaches for detecting, treating, and managing newborns with neonatal abstinence syndrome; and 5) the long-term effects of prenatal opioid exposure on children...
July 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
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