keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pc12

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339776/effect-of-acute-millimeter-wave-exposure-on-dopamine-metabolism-of-ngf-treated-pc12-cells
#1
Alexis J Haas, Yann Le Page, Maxim Zhadobov, Ronan Sauleau, Yves Le Dréan, Christian Saligaut
Several forthcoming wireless telecommunication systems will use electromagnetic frequencies at millimeter waves (MMWs), and technologies developed around the 60-GHz band will soon know a widespread distribution. Free nerve endings within the skin have been suggested to be the targets of MMW therapy which has been used in the former Soviet Union. So far, no studies have assessed the impact of MMW exposure on neuronal metabolism. Here, we investigated the effects of a 24-h MMW exposure at 60.4 GHz, with an incident power density (IPD) of 5 mW/cm², on the dopaminergic turnover of NGF-treated PC12 cells...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Radiation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323853/afm-tirf-force-clamp-measurements-of-neurosecretory-vesicle-tethers-reveal-characteristic-unfolding-steps
#2
Mark C Harris, Dillon Cislo, Joan S Lenz, Christopher Umbach, Manfred Lindau
Although several proteins have been implicated in secretory vesicle tethering, the identity and mechanical properties of the components forming the physical vesicle-plasma membrane link remain unknown. Here we present the first experimental measurements of nanomechanical properties of secretory vesicle-plasma membrane tethers using combined AFM force clamp and TIRF microscopy on membrane sheets from PC12 cells expressing the vesicle marker ANF-eGFP. Application of pulling forces generated tether extensions composed of multiple steps with variable length...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322042/differentiation-of-bone-marrow-stem-cells-into-schwann-cells-for-the-promotion-of-neurite-outgrowth-on-electrospun-fibers
#3
Jiajia Xue, Junyu Yang, Deirdre Margaret O'Connor, Chunlei Zhu, Da Huo, Nicholas M Boulis, Younan Xia
Seeding nerve guidance conduits with Schwann cells can improve the outcome of peripheral nerve injury repair. Bone marrow stem cells (BMSCs) represent a good choice of the cell source as they can differentiate into Schwann cells under appropriate conditions. In this work, we systematically investigated the differentiation of BMSCs into Schwann cells on scaffolds comprised of electrospun fibers. We changed the alignment, diameter, and surface properties of the fibers to optimize the differentiation efficiency...
March 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321769/n-propargyl-caffeamide-paca-ameliorates-dopaminergic-neuronal-loss-and-motor-dysfunctions-in-mptp-mouse-model-of-parkinson-s-disease-and-in-mpp-induced-neurons-via-promoting-the-conversion-of-prongf-to-ngf
#4
Dan Luo, Jia Zhao, Yuanyuan Cheng, Simon Ming-Yuen Lee, Jianhui Rong
Insufficient production of nerve growth factor (NGF) is implicated in Parkinson's disease (PD). We recently discovered that caffeic acid derivative N-propargyl caffeamide (PACA) not only potentiated NGF-induced neurite outgrowth but also attenuated 6-hydroxydopamine neurotoxicity in neuronal culture. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether PACA could increase NGF levels against 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1, 2, 3, 6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) neurotoxicity in a mouse PD model. We induced parkinsonism in mice by intraperitoneal injection of MPTP for seven consecutive days...
March 21, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321049/protective-effect-of-senp3-mediated-sumoylation-against-cadmium-toxicity
#5
Hongquan Zhu
SUMOylation is widely reported as a cytoprotective response against cell stress induced by ischemia and reperfusion. However, it is still unclear what other cell stressors trigger protein SUMOylation, what mechanisms enhance and maintain the enhanced SUMOylation, and if it is a general protective mediator against other cytotoxic stresses, toxic heavy metal cadmium for instance. Here, we show increased levels of SUMOylation and decreased levels of the deSUMOylation enzyme SENP3 in PC12 cells exposed to CdCl2...
2017: Journal of Toxicological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320299/effects-of-seeding-on-lysozyme-amyloid-fibrillation-in-the-presence-of-epigallocatechin-and-polyethylene-glycol
#6
Li-Xiu Kong, Cheng-Ming Zeng
Preformed amyloid fibrils can act as seeds for accelerating protein fibrillation. In the present study, we examined the effects of preformed seeds on lysozyme amyloid fibrillation in the presence of two distinct inhibitors - epigallocatechin (EGC) and polyethylene glycol 2000 (PEG). The results demonstrated that the effects of fibrillar seeds on the acceleration of lysozyme fibrillation depended on the aggregation pathway directed by an inhibitor. EGC inhibited lysozyme fibrillation and modified the peptide chains with quinone moieties in a concentration-dependent manner...
February 2017: Biochemistry. Biokhimii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319311/zinc-regulates-chemical-transmitter-storage-in-nanometer-vesicles-and-exocytosis-dynamics-as-measured-by-amperometry
#7
Lin Ren, Masoumeh Dowlatshahi Pour, Soodabeh Majdi, Xianchan Li, Per Malmberg, Andrew G Ewing
We applied electrochemical techniques with nano-tip electrodes to show that micromolar concentrations of zinc not only trigger changes in the dynamics of exocytosis, but also vesicle content in a model cell line. The vesicle catecholamine content in PC12 cells is significantly decreased after 100 μm zinc treatment, but, catecholamine release during exocytosis remains nearly the same. This contrasts with the number of molecules stored in the exocytosis vesicles, which decreases, and we find that the amount of catecholamine released from zinc-treated cells reaches nearly 100 % content expelled...
March 20, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319198/methamphetamine-induces-shati-nat8l-expression-in-the-mouse-nucleus-accumbens-via-creb-and-dopamine-d1-receptor-dependent-mechanism
#8
Kyosuke Uno, Toh Miyazaki, Kengo Sodeyama, Yoshiaki Miyamoto, Atsumi Nitta
Shati/Nat8L significantly increased in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) of mice after repeated methamphetamine (METH) treatment. We reported that Shati/Nat8L overexpression in mouse NAc attenuated METH-induced hyperlocomotion, locomotor sensitization, and conditioned place preference. We recently found that Shati/Nat8L overexpression in NAc regulates the dopaminergic neuronal system via the activation of group II mGluRs by elevated N-acetylaspartylglutamate following N-acetylaspartate increase due to the overexpression...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317245/efficient-discovery-of-quality-control-markers-for-gastrodia-elata-tuber-by-fingerprint-efficacy-relationship-modelling
#9
Mingfang Li, Yuan Du, Long Wang, Lilong Jiang, Xiaodong Ma, Ping Zhou, Ping Li, Huijun Li
INTRODUCTION: Gastrodia elata tuber (GET) has been widely used in China as a famous herbal medicine. However, the quality control markers (QCMs) for GET still need further investigation. OBJECTIVE: To develop a rational strategy based on fingerprint-efficacy relationship modelling to discover the efficacy-related QCMs, using GET as a case study. METHODOLOGY: The high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) fingerprints of 13 batches of GET extracts were established and 10 common peaks were structurally characterised by HPLC coupled with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (QTOF-MS)...
March 20, 2017: Phytochemical Analysis: PCA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315454/astragaloside-iv-attenuates-lead-acetate-induced-inhibition-of-neurite-outgrowth-through-activation-of-akt-dependent-nrf2-pathway-in-vitro
#10
Chunlei Yu, Siwen Pan, Miaoxian Dong, Yingcai Niu
Recently, oxidative stress is strongly associated with lead (Pb)-induced neurotoxicity. We reported previously that Astragaloside IV (AS-IV) possesses potent antioxidant properties. Here, we evaluate the hypothesis that AS-IV attenuates lead acetate (PbAc)-mediated inhibition of neurite outgrowth might mainly result from its antioxidant property via serine/threonine protein kinase (Akt)-dependent activation of the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) pathway. Interestingly, AS-IV attenuates PbAc-induced inhibition of neurite outgrowth and displayed potential antioxidant properties by inhibiting reactive oxygen species (ROS)...
March 14, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315270/sigma-1-receptor-agonists-and-their-clinical-implications-in-neuropsychiatric-disorders
#11
Yakup Albayrak, Kenji Hashimoto
Accumulating evidence suggests that sigma-1 receptors play a role in the pathophysiology of neuropsychiatric diseases, as well as in the mechanisms of some selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Among the SSRIs, the order of affinity for sigma-1 receptors is as follows: fluvoxamine > sertraline > fluoxetine > escitalopram > citalopram > paroxetine. Some SSRIs (e.g., fluvoxamine, fluoxetine and escitalopram) and other drugs (donepezil , ifenprodil , dehydroepiandeterone (DHEA)) potentiate nerve-growth factor (NGF)-induced neurite outgrowth in PC12 cells, and these effects could be antagonized by the selective sigma-1 receptor antagonist NE-100...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314243/parthenolide-attenuates-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-via-akt-gsk-3%C3%AE-pathway-in-pc12-cells
#12
Jun-Feng Zhang, Li Zhang, Li-Li Shi, Zhao-Hua Zhao, Hao Xu, Fei Liang, Hong-Bo Li, Yan Zhao, Xi Xu, Ke Yang, Ying-Fang Tian
Parthenolide (PN), a sesquiterpene lactone isolated from the herbal medicine feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium), was reported to possess neuroprotective activity. However, the neuroprotective effect of PN against cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury remains unclear. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to explore the neuroprotective effects of PN against oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD)-induced apoptosis in PC12 cells and the underlying mechanisms. Our results demonstrated that PN ameliorated OGD/R-evoked neuronal injury and oxidative stress in PC12 cells...
March 13, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314119/a-combined-in-vitro-assay-for-evaluation-of-neurotrophic-activity-and-cytotoxicity
#13
Narayan D Chaurasiya, Surabhi Shukla, Babu L Tekwani
Neurotrophic assays are phenotypic methods to identify molecules that stimulate differentiation of neuronal cells. Bioactive small molecules with neurotrophic actions hold great promise as therapeutic agents for the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases and neuronal injuries by virtue of their ability to stimulate neuritic outgrowth. A combined in vitro method, which measures neurotrophic activity and cytotoxicity in a single assay, has been described. This assay, performed in 96-well microplates with PC12 and Neuroscreen-1 (NS-1; a subclone of PC12) cells, is a simple tool for identification of new neurotrophic agents...
March 1, 2017: SLAS Discov
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304296/pcsk9-promotes-oxldl-induced-pc12-cell-apoptosis-through-the-bcl-2-bax-caspase-9-3-signaling-pathway
#14
Lu-Shan Liu, Xue-Qin Bai, Ya Gao, Qi Wu, Zhong Ren, Qing Li, Li-Hong Pan, Ni-Ya He, Juan Peng, Zhi-Han Tang
BACKGROUND: Hyperlipidemia is a risk factor for neurodegenerative diseases. Proprotein convertase subtilisin / Kexin type 9 (PCSK9) degrades hepatic low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR) to regulate lipid metabolism. It is unclear if PCSK9 plays a role in neurodegenerative diseases. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to determine whether PCSK9 is crucial between hyperlipidemia and Alzheimer's disease. The interrelationship between PCSK9 and neuronal apoptosis was explored in PC12 cells in response to treatment with oxidized low-density lipoprotein (oxLDL)...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302511/design-synthesis-and-biological-evaluation-of-multifunctional-tacrine-curcumin-hybrids-as-new-cholinesterase-inhibitors-with-metal-ions-chelating-and-neuroprotective-property
#15
Zhikun Liu, Lei Fang, Huan Zhang, Shaohua Gou, Li Chen
Total sixteen tacrine-curcumin hybrid compounds were designed and synthesized for the purpose of searching for multifunctional anti-Alzheimer agents. In vitro studies showed that these hybrid compounds showed good cholinesterase inhibitory activity. Particularly, the potency of K3-2 is even beyond tacrine. Some of the compounds exhibited different selectivity on acetylcholinesterase or butyrylcholinesterase due to the structural difference. Thus, the structure and activity relationship is summarized and further discussed based on molecular modeling studies...
March 6, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300846/regulation-of-rhoa-activity-by-the-cellular-prion-protein
#16
Hee-Jun Kim, Hong-Seok Choi, Jeong-Ho Park, Mo-Jong Kim, Hyoung-Gon Lee, Robert Bob Petersen, Yong-Sun Kim, Jae-Bong Park, Eun-Kyoung Choi
The cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) is a highly conserved glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored membrane protein that is involved in the signal transduction during the initial phase of neurite outgrowth. The Ras homolog gene family member A (RhoA) is a small GTPase that is known to have an essential role in regulating the development, differentiation, survival, and death of neurons in the central nervous system. Although recent studies have shown the dysregulation of RhoA in a variety of neurodegenerative diseases, the role of RhoA in prion pathogenesis remains unclear...
March 16, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300775/protective-effects-of-fucoidan-on-a%C3%AE-25-35-and-d-gal-induced-neurotoxicity-in-pc12-cells-and-d-gal-induced-cognitive-dysfunction-in-mice
#17
Hengyun Wei, Zixiang Gao, Luping Zheng, Cuili Zhang, Zundong Liu, Yazong Yang, Hongming Teng, Lin Hou, Yuling Yin, Xiangyang Zou
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a chronic neurodegenerative disease which contributes to memory loss and cognitive decline in the elderly. Fucoidan, extracted from brown algae, is a complex sulfated polysaccharide and potential bioactive compound. In this study, we investigated whether fucoidan protects PC12 cells from apoptosis induced by a combination of beta-amyloid 25-35 (Aβ25-35) and d-galactose (d-Gal), and improves learning and memory impairment in AD model mice. The results indicated that fucoidan could inhibit the release of cytochrome c from the mitochondria to cytosol and activation of caspases, and increase the expression of apoptosis inhibitor proteins (IAPs), including livin and X-linked IAP (XIAP) in PC12 cells damaged by Aβ25-35 and d-Gal-induction...
March 16, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294556/unmodified-and-pyroglutamylated-amyloid-%C3%AE-peptides-form-hypertoxic-hetero-oligomers-of-unique-secondary-structure
#18
Greg Goldblatt, Lucia Cilenti, Jason O Matos, Briana Lee, Nicholas Ciaffone, Qing X Wang, Laurene Tetard, Ken Teter, Suren A Tatulian
Amyloid β (Aβ) peptide plays a major role in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and occurs in multiple forms, including pyroglutamylated Aβ (AβpE). Identification and characterization of the most cytotoxic Aβ species is necessary for advancement in AD diagnostics and therapeutics. While in brain tissue multiple Aβ species act in combination, structure/toxicity studies and immunotherapy trials have been focused on individual forms of Aβ. As a result, the molecular composition and the structural features of "toxic Aβ oligomers" have remained unresolved...
March 13, 2017: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293281/synthesis-and-protective-effect-of-new-ligustrazine-vanillic-acid-derivatives-against-cocl2-induced-neurotoxicity-in-differentiated-pc12-cells
#19
Bing Xu, Xin Xu, Chenze Zhang, Yuzhong Zhang, GaoRong Wu, Mengmeng Yan, Menglu Jia, Tianxin Xie, Xiaohui Jia, Penglong Wang, Haimin Lei
Ligustrazine-vanillic acid derivatives had been reported to exhibit promising neuroprotective activities. In our continuous effort to develop new ligustrazine derivatives with neuroprotective effects, we attempted the synthesis of several ligustrazine-vanillic acid amide derivatives and screened their protective effect on the injured PC12 cells damaged by CoCl2. The results showed that most of the newly synthesized derivatives exhibited higher activity than ligustrazine, of which, compound VA-06 displayed the highest potency with EC50 values of 17...
2017: Chemistry Central Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288864/corrigendum-to-microrna-29a-pten-pathway-modulates-neurite-outgrowth-in-pc12-cells-neuroscience-291-2015-289-300
#20
H Zou, Y Ding, K Wang, E Xiong, W Peng, F Du, Z Zhang, J Liu, A Gong
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 10, 2017: Neuroscience
keyword
keyword
31818
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"