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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646303/three-dimensional-fine-structure-of-the-organization-of-microtubules-in-neurite-varicosities-by-ultra-high-voltage-electron-microscope-tomography
#1
Tomoki Nishida, Ryoichi Yoshimura, Yasuhisa Endo
Neurite varicosities are highly specialized compartments that are involved in neurotransmitter/ neuromodulator release and provide a physiological platform for neural functions. However, it remains unclear how microtubule organization contributes to the form of varicosity. Here, we examine the three-dimensional structure of microtubules in varicosities of a differentiated PC12 neural cell line using ultra-high voltage electron microscope tomography. Three-dimensional imaging showed that a part of the varicosities contained an accumulation of organelles that were separated from parallel microtubule arrays...
June 23, 2017: Cell and Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642614/ultrasound-mediated-piezoelectric-differentiation-of-neuron-like-pc12-cells-on-pvdf-membranes
#2
Marcus Hoop, Xiang-Zhong Chen, Aldo Ferrari, Fajer Mushtaq, Gagik Ghazaryan, Theo Tervoort, Dimos Poulikakos, Bradley Nelson, Salvador Pané
Electrical and/or electromechanical stimulation has been shown to play a significant role in regenerating various functionalities in soft tissues, such as tendons, muscles, and nerves. In this work, we investigate the piezoelectric polymer polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) as a potential substrate for wireless neuronal differentiation. Piezoelectric PVDF enables generation of electrical charges on its surface upon acoustic stimulation, inducing neuritogenesis of PC12 cells. We demonstrate that the effect of pure piezoelectric stimulation on neurite generation in PC12 cells is comparable to the ones induced by neuronal growth factor (NGF)...
June 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638863/neuroprotective-effect-of-terminalia-chebula-extracts-and-ellagic-acid-in-pc12-cells
#3
Yuh-Chiang Shen, Chi-Wen Juan, Che-San Lin, Chien-Chih Chen, Chia-Lin Chang
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is one of the common neurodegenerative disorders among elderly. The purpose of this study was to determine the neuroprotective effect and mechanisms of action underlying the Terminalia chebula extracts and ellagic acid by using beta-amyloid25-35 (Aβ25-35)-induced cell toxicity in an undifferentiated pheochromocytoma (PC12) cell line. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The T. chebula extracts were prepared using the methanol, water, and 95% ethanol...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635653/virtual-screening-against-phosphoglycerate-kinase-1-in-quest-of-novel-apoptosis-inhibitors
#4
Jie Xia, Bo Feng, Qianhang Shao, Yuhe Yuan, Xiang Simon Wang, Naihong Chen, Song Wu
Inhibition of apoptosis is a potential therapy to treat human diseases such as neurodegenerative disorders (e.g., Parkinson's disease), stroke, and sepsis. Due to the lack of druggable targets, it remains a major challenge to discover apoptosis inhibitors. The recent repositioning of a marketed drug (i.e., terazosin) as an anti-apoptotic agent uncovered a novel target (i.e., human phosphoglycerate kinase 1 (hPgk1)). In this study, we developed a virtual screening (VS) pipeline based on the X-ray structure of Pgk1/terazosin complex and applied it to a screening campaign for potential anti-apoptotic agents...
June 21, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632409/l-satropane-prevents-retinal-neuron-damage-by-attenuating-cell-apoptosis-and-a%C3%AE-production-via-activation-of-m1-muscarinic-acetylcholine-receptor
#5
Ping Yu, Wei Zhou, Lu Liu, Ya-Bin Tang, Yun Song, Juan-Juan Lu, Li-Na Hou, Hong-Zhuan Chen, Yong-Yao Cui
Muscarinic acetylcholine receptor (mAChR) agonists have been used to treat glaucoma due to their intraocular pressure-lowering effects. Recently, it has been reported that retinal mAChRs activation can also stimulate neuroprotective pathways. PURPOSE: In our study, we evaluated the potential neuroprotective effect of L-satropane, a novel mAChR agonist, on retinal neuronal injury induced by cobalt chloride (CoCl2) and ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). METHODS: CoCl2-induced hypoxia injury in cultured cell models and I/R-induced retinal neuronal damage in rats in vivo were used to evaluate the abilities of L-satropane...
June 20, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627694/investigation-of-the-neuroprotective-effects-of-a-novel-synthetic-compound-via-the-mitochondrial-pathway
#6
Di Wang, Shuang Hu, Junrong Zhang, Qiuyue Li, Xinyu Liu, Yu Li
The present study aimed to investigate the neuroprotective effect of a novel synthetic compound (5zou) on differentiated PC12 cells against 6‑hydroxydopamine (6‑OHDA) and L‑glutamic acid (L‑Glu) neurotoxin‑induced cell injury and the potential mechanisms involved. 5zou is a 2, 2‑disubstituted 1,2‑dihydropyridine. PC12 cells were treated with 6‑OHDA and L‑Glu to establish neurotoxic cell models. MTT assay, DCFH‑DA staining, Fluo‑4‑AM staining, JC‑1 staining and western blotting were used to determine the changes in cell viability, intracellular reactive oxygen species concentration, Ca2+ influx, mitochondrial membrane potential and the protein expressions of B‑cell lymphoma‑2 (Bcl‑2) and B‑cell lymphoma‑extra large (Bcl‑xL)...
June 9, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624212/light-triggerable-liposomes-for-enhanced-endolysosomal-escape-and-gene-silencing-in-pc12-cells
#7
Wenjie Chen, Wei Deng, Ewa M Goldys
Liposomes are an effective gene and/or drug delivery system, widely used in biomedical applications including gene therapy and chemotherapy. Here, we designed a photo-responsive liposome (lipVP) loaded with a photosensitizer verteporfin (VP). This photosensitizer is clinically approved for photodynamic therapy (PDT). LipVP was employed as a DNA carrier for pituitary adenylyl cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) receptor 1 (PAC1R) gene knockdown in PC12 cells. This has been done by incorporating PAC1R antisense oligonucleotides inside the lipVP cavity...
June 16, 2017: Molecular Therapy. Nucleic Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623738/iridoids-from-the-roots-of-valeriana-jatamansi-jones
#8
Ru-Jing Wang, Hai-Mei Chen, Fan Yang, Yun Deng, Hui Ao, Xiao-Fang Xie, Hong-Xiang Li, Hai Zhang, Zhi-Xing Cao, Li-Xia Zhu, Yin Chen, Cheng Peng, Yu-Zhu Tan
Five iridoids, named as chlorovaltrate P-T, together with six known analogues, (4β,8β)-8-methoxy-3-methoxy-10-methylene-2,9-dioxatricyclo[4.3.1.0(3,7)]decan-4-ol, chlorovaltrate A, (1R,3R,5R,7S,8R,9S)-3,8-epoxy-1-O-ethyl-5-hydroxyvalechlorine, 8-methoxy-4-acetoxy-3-chlormethyl-10-methylen-2,9-dioxa-tricyclo[4.3.1.0(3,7)]decan, (1S,3R,5R,7S,8R,9S)-3,8-epoxy-1-O-ethyl-5-hydroxyvalechlorine, (1R,3R,5R,7S,8R,9S)-3,8-epoxy-1-O-methyl-5-hydroxyvalechlorine were isolated from the roots of Valeriana jatamansi (syn...
June 14, 2017: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621212/methamphetamine-causes-neurotoxicity-by-promoting-polarization-of-macrophages-and-inflammatory-response
#9
X Li, F Wu, L Xue, B Wang, J Li, Y Chen, T Chen
Macrophages, especially their activation state, are closely related to the progression of neurotoxicity. Classically activated macrophages (M1) are proinflammatory effectors, while alternatively activated macrophages (M2) exhibit anti-inflammatory properties. As a powerful addictive psychostimulant drug, coupled with its neurotoxicity, methamphetamine (Meth) abuse may lead to long-lasting abnormalities in the neuronal system. The present study investigated the effect of Meth at subtoxic concentration on macrophage activation state and its underlying toxicity to neuronal cells...
January 1, 2017: Human & Experimental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619434/terminalia-chebula-attenuates-quinolinate-induced-oxidative-pc12-and-oln-93-cell-death
#10
Hamid R Sadeghnia, Roya Jamshidi, Amir R Afshari, Hamid Mollazadeh, Fatemeh Forouzanfar, Hasan Rakhshandeh
BACKGROUND: Quinolinic acid (QA) is a product of tryptophan degradation and its pathologic accumulation has been found to induce neuroinflammatory and demyelinating diseases such as multiple sclerosis via excessive free radicals generation. Recent studies showed that Terminalia chebula has several pharmacological effects such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective properties. The aim of this study was evaluation of the protective effect of T. chebula alcoholic extract (TCAE) on oxidative PC12 and OLN-93 cells death induced by QA...
May 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618343/design-synthesis-immunocytochemistry-evaluation-and-molecular-docking-investigation-of-several-4-aminopyridine-derivatives-as-potential-neuroprotective-agents-for-treating-parkinson-s-disease
#11
Shulin Li, Daiyan Wei, Zhuo Mao, Ligong Chen, Xilong Yan, Yang Li, Shengjie Dong, Donghua Wang
Neuroprotection refers to the relative preservation of neuronal structure and function. Neuroprotective agents refer to substances that are capable of preserving brain function and structure. Currently, there are no neuroprotective agents available that can effectively relieve the progression of Parkinson's disease. In this work, five novel 4-aminopyridine derivatives, including three amides and two ureas, were designed, synthesized, and evaluated using the rat PC12 mice pheochromocytoma cell line as an in vitro model...
May 31, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616035/neuroprotective-effects-of-activin-a-on-endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-mediated-apoptotic-and-autophagic-pc12-cell-death
#12
Long-Xing Xue, Hong-Yu Liu, Yang Cui, Yue Dong, Jiao-Qi Wang, Qiu-Ye Ji, Jin-Ting He, Min Yao, Ying-Ying Wang, Yan-Kun Shao, Jing Mang, Zhong-Xin Xu
Activin A, a member of the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily, plays a neuroprotective role in multiple neurological diseases. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-mediated apoptotic and autophagic cell death is implicated in a wide range of diseases, including cerebral ischemia and neurodegenerative diseases. Thapsigargin was used to induce PC12 cell death, and Activin A was used for intervention. Our results showed that Activin A significantly inhibited morphological changes in thapsigargin-induced apoptotic cells, and the expression of apoptosis-associated proteins [cleaved-caspase-12, C/EBP homologous protein (CHOP) and cleaved-caspase-3] and biomarkers of autophagy (Beclin-1 and light chain 3), and downregulated the expression of thapsigargin-induced ER stress-associated proteins [inositol requiring enzyme-1 (IRE1), tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 2 (TRAF2), apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1), c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38]...
May 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615096/-fc%C3%AE-riis-involved-in-lipopolysaccharide-induced-apoptosis-of-pc12-cells
#13
Yanjie Chen, Yingxia Liang, Yan Zhang
Objective To investigate the role of IgG Fc receptorI (FcγRI) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced apoptosis of the rat PC12 cells. Methods PC12 cells were treated with different concentrations of LPS (50, 125, 250, 500, 1000 μg/mL) for 24 hours and cell viability was analyzed by MTT assay. The appropriate concentration of LPS (500 μg/mL) was chosen for the following experiments. PC12 cells in the logarithmic growth phase were divided randomly into three groups: the control group without LPS, the 500 μg/mL LPS treated group and the 500 μg/mL LPS plus 0...
June 2017: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610929/a-selenium-polysaccharide-from-platycodon-grandiflorum-rescues-pc12-cell-death-caused-by-h2o2-via-inhibiting-oxidative-stress
#14
Yu Sheng, Guangchen Liu, Manli Wang, Zuying Lv, Peige Du
In this paper, a selenium polysaccharide (PGP1) was isolated from the radix of Platycodon grandiflorum. We investigated the protective capacity of PGP1 against the hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced oxidative damage in cultured rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells. Cells were pretreated with various doses of PGP1 (50, 100 and 200μg/mL) for 24h before exposure to 0.5mM H2O2 for 12h. Cell viability, LDH release, apoptotic rates, malondialdehyde (MDA) content, antioxidant enzyme superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and intracellular accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) were determined...
June 10, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609839/microrna-15b-5p-targets-erk1-to-regulate-proliferation-and-apoptosis-in-rat-pc12-cells
#15
Hanjiang Luo, Yueting Li, Bo Liu, Yutao Yang, Zhi-Qing David Xu
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play an important role in multiple biological processes, and many miRNAs have been shown to regulate cell proliferation and apoptosis. In this study, we investigated the role of miR-15b-5p in cell proliferation and apoptosis in PC12 cells. We found that overexpression of miR-15b-5p could decrease cell proliferation and induce apoptosis and cytotoxic activities in PC12 cells. Bioinformatics analysis and luciferase activities assays showed that miR-15b-5p might target extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 (ERK1) by binding to its 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR)...
August 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596723/the-11s-proteasomal-activator-reg%C3%AE-impacts-polyglutamine-expanded-androgen-receptor-aggregation-and-motor-neuron-viability-through-distinct-mechanisms
#16
Jill M Yersak, Heather L Montie, Erica S Chevalier-Larsen, Yuhong Liu, Lan Huang, Martin Rechsteiner, Diane E Merry
Spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA) is caused by expression of a polyglutamine (polyQ)-expanded androgen receptor (AR). The inefficient nuclear proteasomal degradation of the mutant AR results in the formation of nuclear inclusions containing amino-terminal fragments of the mutant AR. PA28γ (also referred to as REGγ) is a nuclear 11S-proteasomal activator with limited proteasome activation capabilities compared to its cytoplasmic 11S (PA28α, PA28β) counterparts. To clarify the role of REGγ in polyQ-expanded AR metabolism, we carried out genetic and biochemical studies in cell models of SBMA...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587871/synthesis-docking-study-and-neuroprotective-effects-of-some-novel-pyrano-3-2-c-chromene-derivatives-bearing-morpholine-phenylpiperazine-moiety
#17
Bilqees Sameem, Mina Saeedi, Mohammad Mahdavi, Hamid Nadri, Farshad Homayouni Moghadam, Najmeh Edraki, Muhammad Imran Khan, Mohsen Amini
Novel pyrano[3,2-c]chromene derivatives bearing morpholine/phenylpiperazine moiety were synthesized and evaluated against acetylcholinestrase (AChE) and butylcholinestrase (BuChE). Among the synthesized compounds, N-(3-cyano-4-(4-methoxyphenyl)-5-oxo-4,5-dihydropyrano[3,2-c]chromen-2-yl)-2-(4-phenylpiperazin-1-yl)acetamide (6c) exhibited the highest acetylcholinestrase inhibitory (AChEI) activity (IC50=1.12µM) and most of them showed moderate butylcholinestrase inhibitory activity (BChEI). Kinetic study of compound 6c confirmed mixed type of inhibition towards AChE which was in covenant with the results obtained from docking study...
May 19, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587406/neuroprotective-mechanisms-of-mir-124-activating-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathway-in-ischemic-stroke
#18
Changming Wang, Zhijie Wei, Guohong Jiang, Haijun Liu
The neuroprotective mechanisms of miR-124 activating phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling pathway in ischemic stroke were investigated. The oxygen-glucose deprivation model of nerve cells induced by PC12 cells was established in vitro, then miR-124 mimics or inhibitor was transfected and synthesized by liposome. Cells were divided into the blank control, model, mimics and inhibitor groups, and the apoptotic rate was determined using flow cytometry. Additionally, the expression levels of PI3K, Akt, Bax, Bcl-2, caspase-3 mRNA and protein were tested by quantitative PCR and western blot analysis at 0, 3, 6, 12 and 24 h, respectively...
June 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587372/di-huang-yi-zhi-herbal-formula-attenuates-amyloid-%C3%AE-induced-neurotoxicity-in-pc12-cells
#19
Hong-Mei An, Chen Lin, Chao Gu, Jin-Jun Chen, Wen-Xian Sun, Miao Jin, Tian-Li Zhang, Ming-Feng Qiu, Bing Hu
Traditional Chinese medicine can be used for Alzheimer's disease management, such as the modern herbal formula Di-Huang-Yi-Zhi (DHYZ). In the present study, neuronal differentiated PC12 cells were used as a model to evaluate the effects of DHYZ against amyloid-β peptide 25-35 (Aβ25-35) induced neurotoxicity, particularly regarding cell proliferation, apoptosis and related events. Following treatment with DHYZ, cell viability, cell membrane damage, apoptosis, mitochondrial membrane potential, cytochrome c release, caspase-3 activity and levels of reactive oxygen species in PC12 cells were detected...
June 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587338/mediation-of-insulin-growth-factor-1-in-alzheimer-s-disease-and-the-mechanism-of-prnp-genetic-expression-and-the-pi3k-akt-signaling-pathway
#20
Guohong Jiang, Changming Wang, Jun Zhang, Haijun Liu
The aim of the study was to examine the mediation of insulin growth factor-1 (IGF-1) in Alzheimer's disease (AD), as well as the underlying mechanism of the PRNP genetic expression and PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. The Aβ25-35-incubated rat adrenal pheochromocytoma cell (PC12) in vitro was established, constituting the AD model. Different doses (0, 20, 40 and 80 ng/ml) of IGF-1 were used in PC12 cells and the level of PRNP mRNA was tested after 24 h using the quantitative PCR method and the level of APP protein was assessed using western blot analysis...
June 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
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