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Diabetes, Nutrition, Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799751/predictors-of-quality-of-life-among-hospitalized-geriatric-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus-upon-discharge
#1
Nuruljannah Johari, Zahara Abdul Manaf, Norhayati Ibrahim, Suzana Shahar, Norlaila Mustafa
PURPOSE: Diabetes mellitus is prevalent among older adults, and affects their quality of life. Furthermore, the number is growing as the elderly population increases. Thus, this study aims to explore the predictors of quality of life among hospitalized geriatric patients with diabetes mellitus upon discharge in Malaysia. METHODS: A total of 110 hospitalized geriatric patients aged 60 years and older were selected using convenience sampling method in a cross-sectional study...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725420/molecular-mechanism-of-developmental-origins-of-health-and-disease-dohad
#2
Hideoki Fukuoka, Fumihiro Sata
Epigenetic modification takes place in many types of environment. Undesirable epigenetic changes for the postnatal life at the developmental stage are induced in utero by exposure to harsh environment such as endocrine disruptors, severe psychological stress and insufficient or excessive nutrition. Some of these changes continues even for a long time after birth from womb to tomb. Under these circumstances with an unhealthy life style, such as higher caloric intake, insufficient exercise, or stress, there is a higher risk of developing various illnesses including lifestyle-related diseases, such as essential hypertension, type 2 diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, psychological disorders and cancers...
2016: Nihon Eiseigaku Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720223/bariatric-surgery-and-intellectual-disability-furthering-evidence-based-practice
#3
REVIEW
Emma Gibbons, Amanda Faith Casey, Keith Z Brewster
BACKGROUND: Rates of morbid obesity are higher for individuals with intellectual disability (ID). Individuals with ID may find nutritional guidelines difficult to follow and many face personal and environmental barriers for physical activity. Bariatric surgery may reduce obesity related health comorbidities while promoting sustained weight loss in diverse populations. Yet no study has reviewed the feasibility of conducting bariatric surgery on individuals with ID. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a scoping review of literature on bariatric procedures performed on individuals with ID...
January 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711203/health-related-quality-of-life-in-korean-adults-with-hearing-impairment-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2010-to-2012
#4
Min Kwan Baek, Young Saing Kim, Eun Young Kim, Ae Jin Kim, Won-Jun Choi
BACKGROUND: As the global population ages, disabling hearing impairment (HI) have been increased rapidly. The impact of HI on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is of great importance to aid the development of strategic plans and to guide therapeutic interventions. PURPOSE: To evaluate HRQoL in Korean adults with different degrees of HI using EuroQol five-dimensional (EQ-5D) and EQ-visual analogue scale (VAS), the preference-based generic measures of HRQoL. METHODS: Using a representative dataset from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) from January 2010 to December 2012, EQ-5D questionnaire and EQ- VAS scores of subjects with HI were compared with those of subjects without HI...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27386420/psycho-socioeconomic-bio-behavioral-associations-on-all-cause-mortality-cohort-study
#5
Paul D Loprinzi, Robert E Davis
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine the cumulative effects of psychological,socioeconomic, biological and behavioral parameters on mortality. METHODS: A prospective design was employed. Data from the 2005-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were used (analyzed in 2015); follow-up mortality status evaluated in 2011. Psychological function was assessed from the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) as a measure of depression...
2016: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27349686/association-between-temporomandibular-disorders-and-obesity
#6
Eunmi Rhim, Kyungdo Han, Kyoung-In Yun
Psychological stress can induce altered eating patterns, and studies have indicated that there is a correlation between temporomandibular disorder (TMD) and psychological stress. This study investigated the relationship between TMD and body mass index (BMI) in a large representative sample of the South Korean population using data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). Men and women with TMD showed decreased prevalence of abdominal obesity. Women with TMD had lower age, lower BMI, lower metabolic syndromic waist circumference, lower prevalence of metabolic syndrome, and lower prevalence of diabetes compared with the group without TMD...
August 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27311609/geniposide-alleviates-depression-like-behavior-via-enhancing-bdnf-expression-in-hippocampus-of-streptozotocin-evoked-mice
#7
Junming Wang, Peili Duan, Ying Cui, Qing Li, Yanran Shi
Clinical and preclinical data suggest that diabetes is often psychological complications such as depression. Geniposide (GP), a major compound in Gardenia jasminoides Ellis with both medicinal and nutritional values, has been previously confirmed to exert anti-diabetic and anti-depressive activities. The present study attempted to observe anti-depressive mechanisms of GP in streptozotocin (STZ) evoked diabetic mice by involving brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), for the first time. Mice were given GP daily (50, and 100 mg/kg, ig) or reference drugs FHMH [fluoxetine hydrochloride (FH, 10 mg/kg, ig) combined with metformin hydrochloride (MH, 100 mg/kg, ig)] for 3 weeks...
October 2016: Metabolic Brain Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27049191/preventing-hospital-readmissions-and-limiting-the-complications-associated-with-total-joint-arthroplasty
#8
Stephen Yu, Kevin L Garvin, William L Healy, Vincent D Pellegrini, Richard Iorio
Total joint arthroplasty is a highly successful surgical procedure for patients who have painful arthritic joints. The increasing prevalence of total joint arthroplasty is generating substantial expenditures in the American healthcare system. Healthcare payers, specifically the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, currently target total joint arthroplasty as an area for healthcare cost-savings initiatives, which has resulted in increased scrutiny surrounding orthopaedic care, health resource utilization, and hospital readmissions...
2016: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26824237/gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#9
REVIEW
Caroline Spaight, Justine Gross, Antje Horsch, Jardena Jacqueline Puder
Based on the Hyperglycemia and Adverse Pregnancy Outcome study, new universal screening recommendations and cut-offs for gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have been proposed. In addition to the immediate perinatal risk, GDM carries an increased risk of metabolic disease in the mother and child. Maternal obesity has even been shown to be associated with increased all-cause mortality in offspring. In addition to known risk factors, excessive gestational weight gain, increased fat consumption, a low vitamin D level, psychological stress and negative mood are risk factors for GDM...
2016: Endocrine Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26714305/the-impact-of-health-claims-and-food-deprivation-levels-on-health-risk-perceptions-of-fast-food-restaurants
#10
Romain Cadario
OBJECTIVE AND PROCEDURE: We examined the effect of health claims and food deprivation levels on the health risk perceptions of fast-food restaurants. Consistent with previous research, we used a within-subjects experimental design to manipulate the health claims of fast-food restaurants using real brands: Subway, expressing strong health claims vs. McDonald's, expressing weak health claims. Participants who did not have access to nutrition information were asked to estimate the health risk associated with food items that were slightly more caloric for Subway than McDonald's (640 kcal vs...
January 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26528215/chronic-care-management-of-globesity-promoting-healthier-lifestyles-in-traditional-and-mhealth-based-settings
#11
Gianluca Castelnuovo, Giada Pietrabissa, Gian Mauro Manzoni, Stefania Corti, Martina Ceccarini, Maria Borrello, Emanuele M Giusti, Margherita Novelli, Roberto Cattivelli, Nicole A Middleton, Susan G Simpson, Enrico Molinari
Obesity and being overweight could be real chronic conditions above all if there are other complications such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, dyslipidemia, hypercholesterolemia, cancer, and various psychosocial and psychopathological disorders. Due to the multifactorial etiology of obesity, evidence-based interventions to improve weight loss, maintain a healthy weight, and reduce related comorbidities combine different treatment approaches: dietetic, nutritional, physical, behavioral, psychological, and, in some situations, pharmacological and surgical...
2015: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26453435/where-frailty-meets-diabetes
#12
REVIEW
Stany Perkisas, Maurits Vandewoude
Diabetes is a chronic illness that has an effect on multiple organ systems. Frailty is a state of increased vulnerability to stressors and a limited capacity to maintain homeostasis. It is a multidimensional concept and a dynamic condition that can improve or worsen over time. Frailty is either physical or psychological or a combination of these two components. Sarcopenia, which is the age-related loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength, is the main attributor to the physical form of frailty. Although the pathophysiology of diabetes is commonly focused on impaired insulin secretion, overload of gluconeogenesis and insulin resistance, newer insights broaden this etiologic horizon...
January 2016: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26420183/determinants-of-dietary-self-care-behaviours-among-taiwanese-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#13
Chung-Mei Ouyang, Johanna T Dwyer, Paul F Jacques, Lee-Ming Chuang, Catherine F Haas, Katie Weinger
The effects of patient characteristics on reported adherence to dietary self-care behaviours in 184 Taiwanese outpatients 40 years or older with type 2 diabetes was assessed. Patient characteristics included the presence of predisposing factors affecting diabetes adherence (knowledge and attitudes about the disease, self-efficacy, and the absence of psychological problems), enabling factors (understanding of diabetes and environmental factors affecting it), and reinforcing factors (presence of medical and social support) which were evaluated using a 72 item self-administered questionnaire with 8 subscales...
2015: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26393163/an-observational-study-to-evaluate-the-prevalence-of-erectile-dysfunction-ed-and-prescribing-pattern-of-drugs-in-patients-with-ed-visiting-an-andrology-specialty-clinic-mumbai-2012-14
#14
Amit S Mutha, Vijay R Kulkarni, Sagar B Bhagat, Amit S Beldar, Sadiq B Patel
INTRODUCTION: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a common occurrence and its incidence is expected to increase significantly along with the increase in various lifestyle diseases. The drug utilization for ED is very low. Also, studies describing the prescription pattern in ED are lacking. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional observational study, including a drug utilization analysis, of 606 prescriptions as per the standard guidelines (WHO and STROBE)...
July 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26320923/-i-was-tired-of-all-the-sticking-and-poking-identifying-barriers-to-diabetes-self-care-among-low-income-pregnant-women
#15
Lynn M Yee, Jamie M McGuire, Shaneah M Taylor, Charlotte M Niznik, Melissa A Simon
OBJECTIVE: Diabetes in pregnancy is a significant problem for low-income, minority women. We sought to evaluate barriers to diabetes self-care during pregnancy in an underserved population. METHODS: Twenty-nine in-depth, semi-structured interviews were performed over 10 women's pregnancies to identify barriers to successful diabetes management, using cognitive load theory to frame interview questions. Qualitative analysis of interview data used grounded theory techniques...
August 2015: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26319815/-evaluation-of-a-comprehensive-program-of-four-months-of-duration-on-the-preoperative-conditions-of-obese-patients-candidates-for-bariatric-surgery
#16
Pedro Delgado Floody, Alfonso Cofré Lizama, Manuel Alarcón Hormazábal, Aldo Osorio Poblete, Felipe Caamaño Navarrete, Daniel Jerez Mayorga
INTRODUCTION: in the morbidly obese there is preoperative background that must be improved to reduce the risk of morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the effects of a multidisciplinary treatment on anthropometric parameters, fasting glucose, physical condition and levels of depression and anxiety of morbidly obese patients with co-morbidities and obese candidates for bariatric surgery. METHODS: four men and ten women between 21 and 55 year old candidates for bariatric surgery, with morbidly (n = 5) or obesity and comorbidities (diabetes mellitus type II, hypertension, dyslipidemia, insulin resistance) (n = 9) they underwent multidisciplinary treatment such as; Interval exercise, counseling and nutrition education, three times a week for four months...
2015: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26314941/food-insecurity-is-associated-with-diabetes-self-care-behaviours-and-glycaemic-control
#17
W J Heerman, K A Wallston, C Y Osborn, A Bian, D G Schlundt, S D Barto, R L Rothman
AIMS: Food insecurity is the 'limited or uncertain availability of nutritionally adequate and safe foods'. Our objective was to examine the association between food insecurity, diabetes self-care and glycaemic control. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from adult patients with Type 2 diabetes who were enrolled in a randomized trial evaluating a health literacy-focused diabetes intervention in safety net primary care clinics in middle Tennessee...
June 2016: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26260671/-i-don-t-want-them-to-feel-different-a-mixed-methods-study-of-parents-beliefs-and-dietary-management-strategies-for-their-young-children-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#18
Susana R Patton, Mark A Clements, Katie George, Kathy Goggin
BACKGROUND: Many young children with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) do not consume a healthful diet; exactly why this occurs despite T1DM education remains poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: This study describes parents' perceptions of healthful eating for T1DM in young children and identifies factors related to parents' dietary management. DESIGN: A cross-sectional, mixed-methods study was performed. Parents completed a questionnaire, 3-day weighed diet record, and a semi-structured interview regarding their perceptions of healthful eating for T1DM and their dietary management practices...
February 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26242983/cardiac-rehabilitation-improves-the-ischemic-burden-in-patients-with-ischemic-heart-disease-who-are-not-suitable-for-revascularization
#19
Salah El Demerdash, Hazem Khorshid, Iman Salah, Mohamed A Abdel-Rahman, Alaa M Salem
BACKGROUND: Ischemic heart diseases including stable angina & acute events, represent a huge burden on both the individual & the society and represent an important source of disability. AIM: We aimed to identify the effect of cardiac rehabilitation program (CRP) on the ischemic burden in patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD) unsuitable for coronary revascularization. METHODS: The study included 40 patients with IHD who were not suitable for coronary revascularization either by PCI or CABG (due to unsuitable coronary anatomy, co morbidities, high surgical/procedural risk or patient preference)...
July 2015: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26104632/pregnancy-after-diabetes-obesity-surgery-pados-qualitative-study-of-pre-pregnancy-care
#20
J Shawe, D Cooke, K Hart, B M McGowan, C Pring, D Subramanian, M Whyte
Half of all bariatric surgical procedures are in women of childbearing age. Surgery may improve fertility yet exacerbate nutritional deficiencies, that may be disadvantageous to the fetus. A frequently encountered subgroup of obese women have type 2 diabetes. The health risks, to both mother and child, of diabetes in pregnancy are well described including 4.7× risk of stillbirth and 2× risk of congenital abnormality. What is not clear is whether bariatric surgery mitigates or complicates the health consequences of women with obesity and diabetes in pregnancy...
July 2014: Pregnancy Hypertension
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