keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Secondary immunodeficiency

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201472/severe-cytomegalovirus-reactivation-in-patient-with-low-grade-non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-after-standard-chemotherapy
#1
Lena Modvig, Ciaran Boyle, Katie Randall, Anton Borg
Clinically significant cytomegalovirus (CMV) reactivation is not uncommon in patients with severe immunodeficiency secondary to underlying medical disorders or following aggressive immunosuppressive therapy. However, it is less frequently found in patients with low-grade haematological malignancies after nonintensive chemotherapy. We treated a patient at our centre for stage IVB follicular lymphoma with standard chemotherapy who successively developed CMV colitis associated with a CMV viral load of >3 million copies/ml...
2017: Case Reports in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193136/clinical-indications-for-intravenous-immunoglobulin-utilization-in-a-tertiary-medical-center-a-9-year-retrospective-study
#2
Asaf Shemer, Shaye Kivity, Yehuda Shoenfeld
BACKGROUND: Intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIG) are a biologic product originally developed to treat immunocompromised patients. In the past decades, there has been increased utilization of IVIG in autoimmune conditions. The objectives were to evaluate the clinical use of IVIG in the largest tertiary medical center in Israel and to determine top uses, estimate off-label usage, and assess consumption of this blood product. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted an observational, retrospective study involving all patients who received IVIG from 2007 through 2015...
November 27, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191574/-collapsing-focal-segmental-glomerulosclerosis-induced-by-cytomegalovirus-a%C3%A2-case-report
#3
Clarisse Grèze, Cyril Garrouste, Jean-Louis Kemeny, Carole Philipponnet, Julien Aniort, Anne-Élisabeth Heng
Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is a common cause of nephrotic syndrome in child and adult. The collapsing forms are of poor renal prognosis and are usually secondary to viral infections with, first and foremost, the human immunodeficiency virus. Among other viral etiologies, cytomegalovirus (CMV) is an uncommon cause. We report a case of a 32years-old patient with collapsing focal segmental glomerulosclerosis induced by cytomegalovirus with initial acute renal failure and proteinuria at 12.4g/24h...
November 27, 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189426/the-influence-of-exercise-on-cardiovascular-health-in-sedentary-adults-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#4
Allison R Webel, Joseph Perazzo, Christopher T Longenecker, Trevor Jenkins, Abdus Sattar, Margaret Rodriguez, Nate Schreiner, Richard A Josephson
BACKGROUND: Lifestyle physical activity (ie, moderate physical activity during routine daily activities most days of the week) may benefit human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive adults who are at high risk for cardiovascular disease. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to describe lifestyle physical activity patterns in HIV-positive adults and to examine the influence of lifestyle physical activity on markers of cardiovascular health. Our secondary objective was to compare these relationships between HIV-positive adults and well-matched HIV-uninfected adults...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179171/-aberrant-bone-remodeling-during-sepsis
#5
Asuka Terashima
Sepsis is a systemic inflammatory response syndrome that occurs upon severe bacterial infection. Although the development of early treatment for sepsis improves the survival rate of sepsis patients, in the subacute phase, certain patients suffer from secondary infection due to immunosuppression. It has been reported that one of the causes of the immunocompromised state during sepsis is lymphopenia. However, the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. We found that acute inflammation induced the immunodeficiency caused by the reduction of the numbers of peripheral lymphocytes and common lymphoid progenitors(CLPs)in the bone marrow, which was associated with a dramatic decrease in the osteoblast number...
2017: Clinical Calcium
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178404/the-impact-of-rickets-on-growth-and-morbidity-during-recovery-among-children-with-complicated-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-kenya-a-cohort-study
#6
Moses M Ngari, Johnstone Thitiri, Laura Mwalekwa, Molline Timbwa, Per Ole Iversen, Greg W Fegan, James A Berkley
The effects of rickets on children recovery from severe acute malnutrition (SAM) are unknown. Rickets may affect both growth and susceptibility to infectious diseases. We investigated the associations of clinically diagnosed rickets with life-threatening events and anthropometric recovery during 1 year following inpatient treatment for complicated SAM. This was a secondary analysis of clinical trial data among non-human immunodeficiency virus-infected Kenyan children with complicated SAM (2-59 months) followed for 1 year posthospital discharge (ClinicalTrials...
November 27, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173570/-refusal-of-care-by-a-hiv-positive-adolescent-role-of-the-cross-cultural-approach
#7
Nora Bouaziz, Alice Titia Rizzi
The refusal of treatment is frequent in human immunodeficiency virus-positive adolescents. The clinical history of a teenage girl presenting severe immunodepression secondary to the virus, a depressive disorder and a refusal of treatment, illustrates the benefit of combined paediatric, child psychiatric and cross-cultural care as proposed by the Cochin-Paris Adolescent Centre. Working on the meaning of the refusal was a prerequisite for the construction of a care project forming part of a life project, as the psychopathological work could only begin once somatic care ensuring the patient's protection was in place...
November 2017: Soins. Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173176/the-siv-envelope-glycoprotein-viral-tropism-and-pathogenesis-novel-insights-from-nonhuman-primate-models-of-aids
#8
Adrienne E Swanstrom, Gregory Q Del Prete, Claire Deleage, Samra E Elser, Andrew A Lackner, James A Hoxie
BACKGROUND: Cellular tropism of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV-1) is closely linked to interactions between the viral envelope glycoprotein (Env) with CD4 and chemokine receptor family members, CCR5 and CXCR4. This interaction plays a key role in determining anatomic sites that are infected in vivo and the cascade of early and late events that result in chronic immune activation, immunosuppression and ultimately, AIDS. CD4+ T cells are critical to adaptive immune responses, and their early and rapid infection in gut lamina propria and secondary lymphoid tissues in susceptible hosts likely contributes to viral persistence and progression to disease...
November 24, 2017: Current HIV Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167666/first-year-of-israeli-newborn-screening-for-severe-combined-immunodeficiency-clinical-achievements-and-insights
#9
Erez Rechavi, Atar Lev, Amos J Simon, Tali Stauber, Suha Daas, Talia Saraf-Levy, Arnon Broides, Amit Nahum, Nufar Marcus, Suhair Hanna, Polina Stepensky, Ori Toker, Ilan Dalal, Amos Etzioni, Shlomo Almashanu, Raz Somech
Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID), the most severe form of T cell immunodeficiency, is detectable through quantification of T cell receptor excision circles (TRECs) in dried blood spots obtained at birth. Herein, we describe the results of the first year of the Israeli SCID newborn screening (NBS) program. This important, life-saving screening test is available at no cost for every newborn in Israel. Eight SCID patients were diagnosed through the NBS program in its first year, revealing an incidence of 1:22,500 births in the Israeli population...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150535/disparities-in-management-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-rural-south-africa-data-from-the-haalsi-study-health-and-aging-in-africa-longitudinal-studies-of-international-network-for-the-demographic-evaluation-of-populations-and-their-health-communities
#10
Thiago Veiga Jardim, Sheridan Reiger, Shafika Abrahams-Gessel, Nigel J Crowther, Alisha Wade, F Xavier Gómez-Olivé, Joshua Salomon, Stephen Tollman, Thomas A Gaziano
BACKGROUND: Optimal secondary prevention is critical for the reduction of repeated cardiovascular events, and the control of cardiovascular risk factors in this context is essential. Data on secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in sub-Saharan Africa are needed to inform intervention strategies with a particular focus on local disparities. The aim of this study was to assess CVD management in a rural community in northeast South Africa. METHODS AND RESULTS: We recruited adults aged ≥40 years residing in the Agincourt subdistrict of Mpumalanga province...
November 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141790/cerebral-toxoplasmosis-in-an-ms-patient-receiving-fingolimod
#11
Alejandro Enriquez-Marulanda, Jaime Valderrama-Chaparro, Laura Parrado, Juan Diego Vélez, Ana Maria Granados, Jorge Luis Orozco, Jairo Quiñones
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease in which lymphocytes target putative myelin antigens in the CNS, causing inflammation and neurodegeneration. Fingolimod (FTY720) is an immunosuppressive drug used as a second line therapy for relapsing forms of MS due to its safety profile and good response to treatment. Despite its safety, there are still concerns about the possibility of Fingolimod being linked to the development of opportunistic infections like disseminated varicella zoster infections and herpes simplex encephalitis...
November 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136115/estradiol-levels-are-altered-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-pregnant-women-randomized-to-efavirenz-versus-lopinavir-ritonavir-based-antiretroviral-therapy
#12
Chloe R McDonald, Andrea L Conroy, Joel L Gamble, Eszter Papp, Michael Hawkes, Peter Olwoch, Paul Natureeba, Moses Kamya, Michael Silverman, Deborah Cohan, Catherine A Koss, Grant Dorsey, Kevin C Kain, Lena Serghides
Background: Combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) use in pregnancy has been associated with hormonal dysregulation. We performed a secondary retrospective analysis of longitudinal progesterone and estradiol levels in pregnancy using specimens from the Protease Inhibitors to Reduce Malaria Morbidity in HIV-infected Pregnant Women study, which randomized Ugandan human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected ART-naive women to initiate either lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r)-based or efavirenz (EFV)-based cART...
November 10, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135895/-comparing-efficacy-and-costs-of-four-facial-fillers-in-hiv-associated-lipodystrophy-a-clinical-trial
#13
Alfonso Vallejo, Angela A Garcia-Ruano, Carmen Pinilla, Michele Castellano, Esther Deleyto, Rosa Perez-Cano
BACKGROUND: The objective was to evaluate and compare safety and effectiveness of four different dermal fillers in the treatment of facial lipoatrophy secondary to Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). METHODS: We conducted a clinical trial including 147 patients suffering from HIV-induced lipoatrophy treated with Sculptra® (poly-L-lactic acid), Radiesse® (calcium hydroxylapatite), Aquamid® (polyacrylamide) or autologous fat. Objective and subjective changes were evaluated during a 24-monthfollow-up...
November 8, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135582/hiv-is-associated-with-airway-obstruction-a-matched-controlled-study
#14
Alain Makinson, Maurice Hayot, Sabrina Eymard-Duvernay, Céline Ribet, François Raffi, Gilles Pialoux, David Zucman, Isabelle Poizot-Martin, Fabrice Bonnet, Sophie Abgrall, Pierre Tattevin, Antoine Cheret, Tristan Ferry, Jean-Marc Mauboussin, Lucie Marchand, Claire Rouzaud, Jacques Reynes, Marie Zins, Vincent Le Moing
OBJECTIVE: to explore whether airway obstruction (AO) is associated with HIV in a cohort of HIV-infected and uninfected smokers. METHODS: People living with HIV (PLWHIV) participated in the ANRS EP48 HIV CHEST study, an early lung cancer diagnosis study with low dose Chest Tomography. HIV-uninfected subjects were from the CONSTANCES cohort. Inclusion criteria were an age > 40 years, a smoking history ≥20 pack-years, and for PLWHIV, a CD4 T-lymphocyte nadir < 350/μl and last CD4 cell count > 100 cells/μl...
November 10, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134339/feline-immudeficiency-virus-subtypes-b-and-a-in-cats-from-s%C3%A3-o-luis-maranh%C3%A3-o-brazil
#15
Nathálya Dos S Martins, Ana Paula de S Rodrigues, Luciana A da Luz, Luana da L Dos Reis, Renata M de Oliveira, Rudson A de Oliveira, Ana Lucia Abreu-Silva, Jenner Karlisson P Dos Reis, Ferdinan A Melo
Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) is a retrovirus of the genus Lentivirus that is distributed worldwide, with prevalence rates varying between 2.5% and 44%. FIV causes immunosuppression, with depletion of TCD4(+) lymphocytes, with the majority of clinical signs caused by secondary and opportunistic infections. Blood samples were collected from nine domestic cats (Felis catus domesticus) from the city of São Luís, Maranhão State, Brazil. All samples were positive in a rapid immunochromatographic test (SNAP® Combo FeLV Ag/FIV Antibody Test) and in a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay...
November 14, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132380/addressing-challenges-in-scaling-up-tb-and-hiv-treatment-integration-in-rural-primary-healthcare-clinics-in-south-africa-suthi-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-protocol
#16
Kogieleum Naidoo, Santhanalakshmi Gengiah, Nonhlanhla Yende-Zuma, Nesri Padayatchi, Pierre Barker, Andrew Nunn, Priashni Subrayen, Salim S Abdool Karim
BACKGROUND: A large and compelling clinical evidence base has shown that integrated TB and HIV services leads to reduction in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)- and tuberculosis (TB)-associated mortality and morbidity. Despite official policies and guidelines recommending TB and HIV care integration, its poor implementation has resulted in TB and HIV remaining the commonest causes of death in several countries in sub-Saharan Africa, including South Africa. This study aims to reduce mortality due to TB-HIV co-infection through a quality improvement strategy for scaling up of TB and HIV treatment integration in rural primary healthcare clinics in South Africa...
November 13, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130407/hiv-and-other-stis-in-male-sex-workers-findings-from-a-sexual-health-promotion-intervention-in-vietnam
#17
Lloyd A Goldsamt, Michael C Clatts, Le Minh Giang, Bao Q Le, Donn J Colby, Gary Yu
Male sex workers (MSWs) in Vietnam are at high risk for acquisition and transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), yet are extremely disengaged from the healthcare system. This contributes to large numbers of untreated or late-treated infections and increased secondary transmission. We enrolled 995 MSWs in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC) in a Sexual Health Promotion intervention that included face-to-face delivery of seven content modules, a clinical examination and testing for HIV, syphilis, gonorrhea and Chlamydia...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127275/allogeneic-stem-cell-transplantation-in-fully-mhc-matched-mauritian-cynomolgus-macaques-recapitulates-diverse-human-clinical-outcomes
#18
Benjamin J Burwitz, Helen L Wu, Shaheed Abdulhaqq, Christine Shriver-Munsch, Tonya Swanson, Alfred W Legasse, Katherine B Hammond, Stephanie L Junell, Jason S Reed, Benjamin N Bimber, Justin M Greene, Gabriela M Webb, Mina Northrup, Wolfram Laub, Paul Kievit, Rhonda MacAllister, Michael K Axthelm, Rebecca Ducore, Anne Lewis, Lois M A Colgin, Theodore Hobbs, Lauren D Martin, Betsy Ferguson, Charles R Thomas, Angela Panoskaltsis-Mortari, Gabrielle Meyers, Jeffrey J Stanton, Richard T Maziarz, Jonah B Sacha
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is a critically important therapy for hematological malignancies, inborn errors of metabolism, and immunodeficiency disorders, yet complications such as graft-vs.-host disease (GvHD) limit survival. Development of anti-GvHD therapies that do not adversely affect susceptibility to infection or graft-vs.-tumor immunity are hampered by the lack of a physiologically relevant, preclinical model of allogeneic HSCT. Here we show a spectrum of diverse clinical HSCT outcomes including primary and secondary graft failure, lethal GvHD, and stable, disease-free full donor engraftment using reduced intensity conditioning and mobilized peripheral blood HSCT in unrelated, fully MHC-matched Mauritian-origin cynomolgus macaques...
November 10, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046517/a-rare-association-of-congenital-asplenia-with-jejunal-arteriovenous-malformation
#19
Jelena Z Arnautovic, Areej Mazhar, Stela Tereziu, Kashvi Gupta
BACKGROUND Isolated congenital asplenia is a poorly understood and rare form of primary immunodeficiency, often associated with life-threatening infections. CASE REPORT We encountered a unique case of a 22-year-old asplenic male who presented with severe iron-deficiency anemia secondary to occult gastrointestinal bleeding since age 15. Our extensive work-up confirmed jejunal arteriovenous malformations as the source of the bleed. Six months after the treatment, the patient has reported no further episodes of gastrointestinal bleeding and his hemoglobin has remained stable...
October 19, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040209/inherited-and-acquired-clinical-phenotypes-associated-with-neuroendocrine-tumors
#20
Rory E Nicholaides, M Teresa de la Morena
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Overview of neuroendocrine neoplasms in the context of their associations with primary and secondary immunodeficiency states. RECENT FINDINGS: Malignancies of neuroendocrine origin are well known to be associated with hereditary syndromes, including multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1, von Hippel-Lindau syndrome, neurofibromatosis type 1, and tuberous sclerosis. This review includes the X-linked form of hyper-IgM syndrome (XHIGM), due to mutations in the CD40Ligand gene (CD40LG), as an additional inherited disorder with susceptibility to such malignancies, and discusses neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) arising in other immunocompromised states...
December 2017: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
keyword
keyword
31800
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"