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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642702/amorpha-fruticosa-a-noxious-invasive-alien-plant-in-europe-or-a-medicinal-plant-against-metabolic-disease
#1
REVIEW
Ekaterina Kozuharova, Adam Matkowski, Dorota Woźniak, Rumiana Simeonova, Zheko Naychov, Clemens Malainer, Andrei Mocan, Seyed M Nabavi, Atanas G Atanasov
Amorpha fruticosa L. (Fabaceae) is a shrub native to North America which has been cultivated mainly for its ornamental features, honey plant value and protective properties against soil erosion. It is registered amongst the most noxious invasive species in Europe. However, a growing body of scientific literature also points to the therapeutic potential of its chemical constituents. Due to the fact that A. fruticosa is an aggressive invasive species, it can provide an abundant and cheap resource of plant chemical constituents which can be utilized for therapeutic purposes...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632645/management-of-symptomatic-lumbar-disk-herniation-an-international-perspective
#2
Pravesh S Gadjradj, Mark P Arts, Maurits W van Tulder, Wim J R Rietdijk, Wilco C Peul, Biswadjiet S Harhangi
STUDY DESIGN: A questionnaire survey. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the current practice patterns of surgeons regarding both the surgical and nonsurgical management of lumbar disk herniation (LDH) worldwide and to compare this with the current literature. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Sciatica is a common diagnosis in the general population. Sciatica is most frequently caused by LDH. Multiple surgical techniques and treatment modalities are available to treat LDH, albeit some with small effect sizes or without compelling evidence...
June 19, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629126/differentiated-thyroid-cancer-treatment-state-of-the-art
#3
REVIEW
Benedikt Schmidbauer, Karin Menhart, Dirk Hellwig, Jirka Grosse
Differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) is a rare malignant disease, although its incidence has increased over the last few decades. It derives from follicular thyroid cells. Generally speaking, the prognosis is excellent. If treatment according to the current guidelines is given, cases of recurrence or persistence are rare. DTC requires special expertise by the treating physician. In recent years, new therapeutic options for these patients have become available. For this article we performed a systematic literature review with special focus on the guidelines of the American Thyroid Association, the European Association of Nuclear Medicine, and the German Society of Nuclear Medicine...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589308/the-medical-humanities-effect-a-pilot-study-of-pre-health-professions-students-at-the-university-of-rochester
#4
Clayton J Baker, Margie Hodges Shaw, Christopher J Mooney, Susan Dodge-Peters Daiss, Stephanie Brown Clark
Qualitative and quantitative research on the impact of medical and health humanities teaching in baccalaureate education is sparse. This paper reviews recent studies of the impact of medical and health humanities coursework in pre-health professions education and describes a pilot study of baccalaureate students who completed semester-long medical humanities courses in the Division of Medical Humanities & Bioethics at the University of Rochester. The study format was an email survey. All participants were current or former baccalaureate students who had taken one or more courses in literature and narrative in medicine, bioethics, history of medicine, and/or visual arts and healthcare during the past four years...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575906/-preoperative-evaluation-of-adult-patients-before-elective-non-cardiothoracic-surgery
#5
(no author information available yet)
Evaluation of the patient's medical history and a physical examination are the cornerstones of risk assessment prior to elective surgery and may help to optimize the patient's preoperative medical condition and to guide perioperative management. Whether the performance of additional technical tests (e.g. blood chemistry, ECG, spirometry, chest x-ray) can contribute to a reduction of perioperative risk is often not very well known or controversial. Similarly, there is considerable uncertainty among anaesthesiologists, internists and surgeons with respect to the perioperative management of the patient's long-term medication...
June 2017: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573343/-preoperative-evaluation-of-adult-patients-before-elective-noncardiothoracic-surgery-joint-recommendation-of-the-german-society-of-anesthesiology-and-intensive-care-medicine-the-german-society-of-surgery-and-the-german-society-of-internal-medicine
#6
B Zwissler
Evaluation of the patient's medical history and a physical examination are the cornerstones of risk assessment prior to elective surgery and may help to optimize the patient's preoperative medical condition and to guide perioperative management. Whether the performance of additional technical tests (e. g. blood chemistry, ECG, spirometry, chest x‑ray) can contribute to a reduction of perioperative risk is often not very well known or is controversial. Similarly, there is considerable uncertainty among anesthesiologists, internists and surgeons with respect to the perioperative management of the patient's long-term medication...
June 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573091/virtual-reality-and-augmented-reality-in-plastic-surgery-a-review
#7
REVIEW
Youngjun Kim, Hannah Kim, Yong Oock Kim
Recently, virtual reality (VR) and augmented reality (AR) have received increasing attention, with the development of VR/AR devices such as head-mounted displays, haptic devices, and AR glasses. Medicine is considered to be one of the most effective applications of VR/AR. In this article, we describe a systematic literature review conducted to investigate the state-of-the-art VR/AR technology relevant to plastic surgery. The 35 studies that were ultimately selected were categorized into 3 representative topics: VR/AR-based preoperative planning, navigation, and training...
May 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554319/cyclometalated-complexes-of-platinum-and-gold-with-biological-properties-state-of-the-art-and-future-perspectives
#8
Sophie Jürgens, Fritz E Kühn, Angela Casini
BACKGROUND: The inherent problems accompanying chemotherapy necessitate the development of new anticancer approaches. The development of compounds that can disrupt cancerous cellular machinery by novel mechanisms, via interactions with proteins and non-canonical DNA structures (e.g. G-quadruplexes), as well as by alteration of the intracellular redox balance, is nowadays focus of intense research. In this context organometallic compounds of the noble metals Pt and Au have become prominent experimental therapeutic agents...
May 29, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508939/-the-worlds-of-gods-in-medicine
#9
REVIEW
A Karenberg
BACKGROUND: A number of designations for diseases, medicines and human body structures derive from classical mythology. To date, these eponyms have not been systematically investigated. OBJECTIVES: This paper provides an overview of this fringe component of medical vocabulary, looks at the history of several terms and formulates hypotheses as to why such creative etymologies have come into being. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In addition to relevant texts on ancient mythology, a variety of medical textbooks from the early modern period were analyzed...
May 16, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508782/the-use-of-restful-web-services-in-medical-informatics-and-clinical-research-and-its-implementation-in-europe
#10
Jozef Aerts
BACKGROUND: RESTful web services nowadays are state-of-the-art in business transactions over the internet. They are however not very much used in medical informatics and in clinical research, especially not in Europe. OBJECTIVES: To make an inventory of RESTful web services that can be used in medical informatics and clinical research, including those that can help in patient empowerment in the DACH region and in Europe, and to develop some new RESTful web services for use in clinical research and regulatory review...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490362/different-perceptions-of-narrative-medicine-between-western-and-chinese-medicine-students
#11
Chien-Da Huang, Kuo-Chen Liao, Fu-Tsai Chung, Hsu-Min Tseng, Ji-Tseng Fang, Shu-Chung Lii, Han-Pin Kuo, San-Jou Yeh, Shih-Tseng Lee
BACKGROUND: Western medicine is an evidence-based science, whereas Chinese medicine is more of a healing art. To date, there has been no research that has examined whether students of Western and Chinese medicine differentially engage in, or benefit from, educational activities for narrative medicine. This study fills a gap in current literature with the aim of evaluating and comparing Western and Chinese Medicine students' perceptions of narrative medicine as an approach to learning empathy and professionalism...
May 10, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473865/artificial-neural-networks-in-image-processing-for-early-detection-of-breast-cancer
#12
REVIEW
M M Mehdy, P Y Ng, E F Shair, N I Md Saleh, C Gomes
Medical imaging techniques have widely been in use in the diagnosis and detection of breast cancer. The drawback of applying these techniques is the large time consumption in the manual diagnosis of each image pattern by a professional radiologist. Automated classifiers could substantially upgrade the diagnosis process, in terms of both accuracy and time requirement by distinguishing benign and malignant patterns automatically. Neural network (NN) plays an important role in this respect, especially in the application of breast cancer detection...
2017: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468023/islamic-civilization-in-spain-a-magnificient-example-of-interaction-and-unity-of-religion-and-science
#13
Safvet Halilović
Islam and its followers had created a civilization that played very important role on the world stage for more than a thousand years. One of the most important specific qualities of the Islamic civilization is that it is a well-balanced civilization that brought together science and faith, struck a balance between spirit and matter and did not separate this world from the Hereafter. This is what distinguishes the Islamic civilization from other civilizations which attach primary importance to the material aspect of life, physical needs and human instincts, and attach greater attention to this world by striving to instantly satisfy desires of the flesh, without finding a proper place for God and the Hereafter in their philosophies and education systems...
April 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458331/preliminary-thoughts-on-research-in-medical-humanities
#14
Xiaojing Yun, Jiawei Guo, Haihong Qian
Medical humanities (MH) is an interdisciplinary field of medicine which includes the humanities (literature, philosophy, ethics, history, and religion), social sciences (anthropology, cultural studies, psychology, sociology, and health geography), and the arts (literature, theater, film, and visual arts) and their application to medical education and practice. Studies of MH should not be limited to theoretical discussions. Research results must be translated into use of methodologies to formulate medical policies, guide clinical practices, and help resolve physical or mental problems...
April 29, 2017: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447124/history-of-clubfoot-treatment-part-i-from-manipulation-in-antiquity-to-splint-and-plaster-in-renaissance-before-tenotomy
#15
Philippe Hernigou, Maxime Huys, Jacques Pariat, Sibylle Jammal
Idiopathic clubfoot is one of the most common problems in paediatric orthopaedics. The treatment is controversial and continues to be one of the challenges in paediatric orthopaedics. The aim of this review is to assess the different methods of clubfoot treatment used over the years in light of the documentation present in the literature and art paintings from the antiquity to the end of the 19th century. The aim of this paper is to review all treatment methods of the clubfoot over the years that were proposed to provide patients a functional, pain-free, normal-looking foot, with good mobility, without calluses, and requiring no special shoes...
April 26, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433961/harnessing-the-medical-humanities-for-experiential-learning
#16
Satendra Singh, Purnima Barua, Upreet Dhaliwal, Navjeevan Singh
A month-long workshop on medical humanities was held in the Jorhat Medical College, Assam in September 2015. It employed experiential learning (both online and onsite) using humanities tools, such as the theatre of the oppressed, art, literature, reflective narratives, movies, the history of medicine, graphic medicine, poetry and diversity studies. As a result of the interactions, 28 volunteer participants, comprising students and faculty members, wrote reflective narratives on doctor​-patient relationships, produced a newsletter and a logo for their medical humanities group, and staged cultural performances and forum theatre...
March 29, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393540/microfracture-state-of-the-art-in-cartilage-surgery
#17
Florian Frehner, Jan P Benthien
Objective This study is a literature review from 2010 to 2014 concerning the quality of evidence in clinical trials about microfracture in attempt to repair articular cartilage. We have decided to focus on microfracturing, since this seems to be the best documented technique. Interest in evaluation of publication quality has risen in orthopaedic sports medicine recently. Therefore, we think it is necessary to evaluate recent clinical trials being rated for their evidence-based medicine (EBM) quality. We also compared the mean impact factor of the journals publishing the different studies as an indicator of the study's citation and evaluated for a change over the studied time frame...
April 1, 2017: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391577/neoadjuvant-treatment-in-pancreatic-cancer-evidence-based-medicine-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
REVIEW
Francesco D'Angelo, Laura Antolino, Alessio Farcomeni, Dario Sirimarco, Andrea Kazemi Nava, Martina De Siena, Niccolò Petrucciani, Giuseppe Nigri, Stefano Valabrega, Paolo Aurello, Giovanni Ramacciato
Neoadjuvant treatment in non-metastatic pancreatic cancer (PaC) has the theoretical advantages of downstaging the tumor, sterilizing any present systemic undetectable disease, selecting patients for surgery and administering therapy to each patient. The aim of this systematic review is to analyze the state of the art on neoadjuvant protocols for non-metastatic PaC. A literature search over the last 10 years was conducted, and papers had to be focused on resectable, borderline resectable (BLR) or locally advanced (LA) histo- or cytologically proven PaC; to be prospective studies or prospectively collected databases; to report percentage of protocol achievement and survival data at least in an intention-to-treat (ITT) analysis...
May 2017: Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372530/panel-5-immunology
#19
Jennelle M Kyd, Muneki Hotomi, Masamitsu Kono, Arwa Kurabi, Michael Pichichero, Allen Ryan, W Edward Swords, Ruth Thornton
Objective To perform a state-of-the-art review of the literature from January 2012 through May 2015 on studies that advanced our knowledge of the innate and adaptive immunology related to otitis media. This review also proposes future directions for research in this area. Data Sources PubMed database of the National Library of Medicine. Review Methods Three subpanels comprising experts in the field focused on sections relevant to cytokines, innate immunity, and adaptive immunity. The review focused on animal, cell line, and human studies and was critical in relation to the recommendations from the previous publication and for determination of the proposed goals and priorities...
April 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333033/freeze-all-cycle-in-reproductive-medicine-current-perspectives
#20
Matheus Roque, Marcello Valle, Alessandra Kostolias, Marcos Sampaio, Selmo Geber
The freeze-all strategy has emerged as an alternative to fresh embryo transfer (ET) during in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycles. Although fresh ET is the norm during assisted reproductive therapies (ART), there are many concerns about the possible adverse effects of controlled ovarian stimulation (COS) over the endometrium. The supra-physiologic hormonal levels that occur during a conventional COS are associated with modifications in the peri-implantation endometrium, which may be related to a decrease in pregnancy rates and poorer obstetric and perinatal outcomes when comparing fresh to frozen-thawed embryo transfers...
February 1, 2017: JBRA Assisted Reproduction
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