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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035184/the-art-of-healing-through-narrative-medicine-in-clinical-practice-a-reflection
#1
Aeman Muneeb, Hena Jawaid, Natasha Khalid, Asad Mian
The art of medicine has roots that lie deep in developing the biopsychosocial connection. Understanding a human body (both its physiology and pathology) along with components of emotional and spiritual cores can lead to provision of excellent medical care and better outcomes. The harmonization of psychosocial consequences of a biological disease is helpful not just for health care professionals but also for patients. Where it keeps the empathy and compassion alive and results in greater patient satisfaction, it also helps boost the physician's morale...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019798/the-return-to-literature-making-doctors-matter-in-the-new-era-of-medicine
#2
Daniel Marchalik
The rapid explosion of medical knowledge of the 19th and 20th centuries required a transformation in medical education, which, to that point, had been marked by low educational standards. To combat the lack of regulation, the 1910 Flexner Report recommended sweeping reforms. By 1930, students hoping to enroll in a medical school would need to complete courses in chemistry, physics, and biology, leaving little room for the liberal arts.Medicine is once again changing. The impact of artificial intelligence is being felt across all medical fields, and the nature of physicians' jobs in the new landscape of intelligent machines will inevitably also have to change...
October 10, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991843/beyond-dr-feel-good-a-role-for-the-humanities-in-medical-education
#3
Arno K Kumagai
Although educators embrace the values that are nominally included in the idea of "the art and science of medicine," the arts and humanities have remained at the edges of medical education. One reason for this exile is the overwhelming emphasis in the curriculum on biomedical science over the social sciences and humanities. Other causes are self-inflicted-a frequent lack of theoretical rigor in the design of educational offerings and, more important, no clear answer to the question of how the humanities can make better physicians...
October 3, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968638/tmvar-2-0-integrating-genomic-variant-information-from-literature-with-dbsnp-and-clinvar-for-precision-medicine
#4
Chih-Hsuan Wei, Lon Phan, Juliana Feltz, Rama Maiti, Tim Hefferon, Zhiyong Lu
Motivation: Despite significant efforts in expert curation, clinical relevance about most of the 154 million dbSNP reference variants (RS) remains unknown. However, a wealth of knowledge about the variant biological function/disease impact is buried in unstructured literature data. Previous studies have attempted to harvest and unlock such information with text-mining techniques but are of limited use because their mutation extraction results are not standardized or integrated with curated data...
September 1, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938521/beneficial-health-applications-and-medicinal-values-of-pedicularis-plants-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Mohd Iqbal Yatoo, Umesh Dimri, Arumugam Gopalakrishnan, Kumaragurubaran Karthik, Marappan Gopi, Rekha Khandia, Mani Saminathan, Archana Saxena, Mahmoud Alagawany, Mayada Ragab Farag, Ashok Munjal, Kuldeep Dhama
Pedicularis plants (Orobanchaceae), popularly known as lousewort, are found in Asia, Europe, and North America, and have been used in Sowa-Rigpa, the Himalayan art of healing and a traditional system of medicine for treating various ailments in humans. A comprehensive compilation on this valuable medicinal plant is not available, however. The present extensive review provides insight into the salient medicinal properties of Pedicularis plants with respect to various health issues and diseases. Our previous studies on Pedicularis plants from the Changthang region of Ladakh (India) and research advances leading to new developments in this field have prompted this review...
September 18, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895679/a-modern-approach-to-the-management-of-patients-candidate-to-assisted-reproductive-technologies
#6
Roberta Venturella, Alberto Vaiarelli, Daniela Lico, Filippo M Ubaldi, Fulvio Zullo, Costantino DI Carlo
The growing use of Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART) and the incorrect information from mass media, determined in the public the wrong idea that the right moment of life for programming a pregnancy can be delayed well beyond the physiological fertile age. Spare and insufficient health authorities' interventions are driven to explain to the general population the reduction of the fertility potential of couples and particularly of women with advancing age. This situation, characterized by more and more women seeking for pregnancy after age 38-40 imposes to specialists in Reproductive Medicine an honest and transparent counselling...
September 12, 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888499/the-efficacy-of-art-therapy-in-pediatric-oncology-patients-an-integrative-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Bree A Aguilar
PROBLEM: Children undergoing cancer treatment experience detrimental adverse side effects that may be addressed with complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) such as art therapy. The purpose of this research was to examine the effects of art therapy in pediatric patients living with cancer. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: An integrative literature review was conducted using the CINAHL, OVID Medline, and PsycINFO databases. Studies were included if they were a primary source utilizing an art therapy intervention in children with cancer age birth to 18years old, was published between the year 2000 and 2016, and written in the English language...
September 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867989/exhaled-breath-analysis-a-review-of-breath-taking-methods-for-off-line-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Oluwasola Lawal, Waqar M Ahmed, Tamara M E Nijsen, Royston Goodacre, Stephen J Fowler
BACKGROUND: The potential of exhaled breath sampling and analysis has long attracted interest in the areas of medical diagnosis and disease monitoring. This interest is attributed to its non-invasive nature, access to an unlimited sample supply (i.e., breath), and the potential to facilitate a rapid at patient diagnosis. However, progress from laboratory setting to routine clinical practice has been slow. Different methodologies of breath sampling, and the consequent difficulty in comparing and combining data, are considered to be a major contributor to this...
2017: Metabolomics: Official Journal of the Metabolomic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862431/the-medicinal-chemistry-of-natural-and-semisynthetic-compounds-against-parkinson-s-and-huntington-s-diseases
#9
Enrico Zanforlin, Giuseppe Zagotto, Giovanni Ribaudo
Among the diseases affecting the central nervous system (CNS), neurodegenerations attract the interest of both the clinician and the medicinal chemist. The increasing average age of population, the growing number of patients, and the lack of long-term effective remedies push ahead the quest for novel tools against this class of pathologies. We present a review on the state of the art of the molecules (or combination of molecules) of natural origin that are currently under study against two well-defined pathologies: Parkinson's disease (PD) and Huntington's disease (HD)...
September 15, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741222/network-of-anatomical-texts-nanatex-an-open-source-project-for-visualizing-the-interaction-between-anatomical-terms
#10
Ryusuke Momota, Aiji Ohtsuka
Anatomy is the science and art of understanding the structure of the body and its components in relation to the functions of the whole-body system. Medicine is based on a deep understanding of anatomy, but quite a few introductory-level learners are overwhelmed by the sheer amount of anatomical terminology that must be understood, so they regard anatomy as a dull and dense subject. To help them learn anatomical terms in a more contextual way, we started a new open-source project, the Network of Anatomical Texts (NAnaTex), which visualizes relationships of body components by integrating text-based anatomical information using Cytoscape, a network visualization software platform...
July 24, 2017: Anatomical Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739117/update-on-fertility-preservation-from-the-barcelona-international-society-for-fertility-preservation-eshre-asrm-2015-expert-meeting-indications-results-and-future-perspectives
#11
Francisca Martinez
STUDY QUESTION: What progress has been made in fertility preservation (FP) over the last decade? SUMMARY ANSWER: FP techniques have been widely adopted over the last decade and therefore the establishment of international registries on their short- and long-term outcomes is strongly recommended. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: FP is a fundamental issue for both males and females whose future fertility may be compromised. Reproductive capacity may be seriously affected by age, different medical conditions and also by treatments, especially those with gonadal toxicity...
September 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734784/drug-delivery-innovations-to-address-global-health-challenges-for-pediatric-and-geriatric-populations-through-improvements-in-patient-compliance
#12
Joshua Boateng
Despite significant advances in pharmaceutical and biotechnological drug discovery, the global population is plagued with many challenging diseases. These are further compounded by anticipated explosion in an ageing population, which presents several problems such as polypharmacy, dysphagia, and neurologic conditions, resulting in noncompliance and disease complications. For antibiotics, poor compliance, can result in development of drug-resistant infections which can be fatal. Furthermore, children, especially, in developing countries die unnecessarily from easily treatable diseases (e...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692606/occupational-health-and-the-performing-arts-an-introduction
#13
David Hinkamp, Jennie Morton, Donna H Krasnow, Mary Virginia Wilmerding, William J Dawson, Michael G Stewart, Herbert Steven Sims, Jan Potter Reed, Katherine Duvall, Michael McCann
OBJECTIVE: Workplace hazards in the performing arts cause injuries, disabilities, and deaths every year. Occupational health professionals are familiar with most of these hazards and are particularly qualified to contribute to efforts to reduce them. This article reviews current health issues in the performing arts and highlights opportunities for occupational health contributions. METHODS: Recognized experts in performing arts medicine were consulted and articles illustrating performing arts health issues were reviewed...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688780/relationship-between-processing-history-and-functionality-recovery-after-rehydration-of-dried-cellulose-based-suspensions-a-critical-review
#14
REVIEW
Isabelle Déléris, Joël Wallecan
Cellulose-based suspensions have raised more and more attention due to their broad range of properties that can be used in paper industry and material science but also in medicine, nanotechnology and food science. Their final functionality is largely dependent on their processing history and notably the structural modifications that occur during drying and rehydration. The purpose of this work is to make a state-of-the-art contribution to the mechanisms involved in the process-structure-function relationships of cellulose-based hydrogels...
June 30, 2017: Advances in Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657444/bridging-the-gap-for-lipid-lowering-therapy-plaque-regression-coronary-computed-tomographic-angiography-and-imaging-guided-personalized-medicine
#15
Alan C Kwan, Konstantinos N Aronis, Veit Sandfort, Roger S Blumenthal, David A Bluemke
Lipid-lowering therapy effectively decreases cardiovascular risk on a population level, but it remains difficult to identify an individual patient's personal risk reduction while following guideline directed medical therapy, leading to overtreatment in some patients and cardiovascular events in others. Recent improvements in cardiac CT technology provide the ability to directly assess an individual's atherosclerotic disease burden, which has the potential to personalize risk assessment for lipid-lowering therapy...
July 6, 2017: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642702/amorpha-fruticosa-a-noxious-invasive-alien-plant-in-europe-or-a-medicinal-plant-against-metabolic-disease
#16
REVIEW
Ekaterina Kozuharova, Adam Matkowski, Dorota Woźniak, Rumiana Simeonova, Zheko Naychov, Clemens Malainer, Andrei Mocan, Seyed M Nabavi, Atanas G Atanasov
Amorpha fruticosa L. (Fabaceae) is a shrub native to North America which has been cultivated mainly for its ornamental features, honey plant value and protective properties against soil erosion. It is registered amongst the most noxious invasive species in Europe. However, a growing body of scientific literature also points to the therapeutic potential of its chemical constituents. Due to the fact that A. fruticosa is an aggressive invasive species, it can provide an abundant and cheap resource of plant chemical constituents which can be utilized for therapeutic purposes...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632645/management-of-symptomatic-lumbar-disk-herniation-an-international-perspective
#17
Pravesh S Gadjradj, Mark P Arts, Maurits W van Tulder, Wim J R Rietdijk, Wilco C Peul, Biswadjiet S Harhangi
STUDY DESIGN: A questionnaire survey. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the current practice patterns of surgeons regarding both the surgical and nonsurgical management of lumbar disk herniation (LDH) worldwide and to compare this with the current literature. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Sciatica is a common diagnosis in the general population. Sciatica is most frequently caused by LDH. Multiple surgical techniques and treatment modalities are available to treat LDH, albeit some with small effect sizes or without compelling evidence...
June 19, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629126/differentiated-thyroid-cancer-treatment-state-of-the-art
#18
REVIEW
Benedikt Schmidbauer, Karin Menhart, Dirk Hellwig, Jirka Grosse
Differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) is a rare malignant disease, although its incidence has increased over the last few decades. It derives from follicular thyroid cells. Generally speaking, the prognosis is excellent. If treatment according to the current guidelines is given, cases of recurrence or persistence are rare. DTC requires special expertise by the treating physician. In recent years, new therapeutic options for these patients have become available. For this article we performed a systematic literature review with special focus on the guidelines of the American Thyroid Association, the European Association of Nuclear Medicine, and the German Society of Nuclear Medicine...
June 17, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589308/the-medical-humanities-effect-a-pilot-study-of-pre-health-professions-students-at-the-university-of-rochester
#19
Clayton J Baker, Margie Hodges Shaw, Christopher J Mooney, Susan Dodge-Peters Daiss, Stephanie Brown Clark
Qualitative and quantitative research on the impact of medical and health humanities teaching in baccalaureate education is sparse. This paper reviews recent studies of the impact of medical and health humanities coursework in pre-health professions education and describes a pilot study of baccalaureate students who completed semester-long medical humanities courses in the Division of Medical Humanities & Bioethics at the University of Rochester. The study format was an email survey. All participants were current or former baccalaureate students who had taken one or more courses in literature and narrative in medicine, bioethics, history of medicine, and/or visual arts and healthcare during the past four years...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575906/-preoperative-evaluation-of-adult-patients-before-elective-non-cardiothoracic-surgery
#20
(no author information available yet)
Evaluation of the patient's medical history and a physical examination are the cornerstones of risk assessment prior to elective surgery and may help to optimize the patient's preoperative medical condition and to guide perioperative management. Whether the performance of additional technical tests (e.g. blood chemistry, ECG, spirometry, chest x-ray) can contribute to a reduction of perioperative risk is often not very well known or controversial. Similarly, there is considerable uncertainty among anaesthesiologists, internists and surgeons with respect to the perioperative management of the patient's long-term medication...
June 2017: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
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